Industrial Press (Newspaper) - July 1, 1870, Cincinnati, Ohio JiD TUK CHEEK COTTON PRESS. In the lists of-j^lintation machinery, the baling press is scconl in importance Only to the cotton gin. It should be easy in operation, little liable to get out of order and readily repaired if broken. It should also give great power, that the cotton^ bale may be very compact, and should be sufficiently simple in its parts to be readily set up even by unskillful hands. The engraving of a baling press herewith shown, is the invention of M. D. Cheek, 135 Hernando Street, Memphis, Tenn,, and is the subject of a patent, issued December 29th, 1868. Other important improvements have since been added by the inventor who is manufacturing and supplying the cotton States. The screw is of wrought iron, the nut cast, turned true, and nicely fitted to the screw. From a reservoir in the head of,the nut oil is applied between, the frictional faces of the thread in the nut and in the screw, thereby keeping the screw thoroughly and effectually oiled, regardless of the pressure on the screw. The head of the nut hangs on, and works in, a east seat cha^t sets on top of the timbers A. The hirrel of the nut extends throii|h the if at, hangs between the timbers, passes through and works in a bearingrring that is screwed to the bottom of the timbers which keep the iMjyt^ÍA4M)4tÍoa and receive the lateral pressure from the draft of the horse. The levers R being bolted to a driver that is secured to the lower end of the. barrel of the nuti the nut is turned vvithout any lateral pressure against the side of the screw. i Planters in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas who have used this press certify to its substantial construction, durability, and convenience in practical operation, regarding it superior to any heretofore iii use. Its construction may be described as a wrought iron screw press operated by a horse, or it may without alteration be operated by hand. It is capable of pressing five hundred pounds of lint cotton into a space of twenty-eight cubic feet; is portable, being put together by bolts and rods so numbered that any one can put it .up. It cán be shipped by rail or wagon. The inventor is manufacturing on a scale sufficient to fill all orders at his factory, 135 Hernando Street, Memphis, and will furnish the fullest information on application. A New Article of Elnseed Oil. We have before us a number of samples of a new article of Linseed Oil for the use of painters and artists. This is prepared by purely mechanical means, without the use of heat, or the use of acids, alkalies, or other chemical agents, which have been heretofore used to the injury of the oil. By this process of purifying, the fatty matter is removed, thus causing it to dry of itself without the use of dryers. The inventor, Mr. R. T. Clarke, claims for it the following advantages: It does not discolor the paint when used in white or light colors on inside work, walls, ceilings, etc., nor does it crack or blister when exposed to the weather. It is more limpid, works smoother, covers more surface, and does not become fat by exposure to the atmosphere. This Oil should be used by all painters who wish to excel in théir work—as also, by all varnish makers, and white lead and zinc white grinders that would compete with the best English manufacturers of these articles. It will not discolor the most delicate flesh tints, and it also makes a superior varnish for pictures. For artists* use, it is claimed to be far superior to nut or poppy oil because of its greater body. W* have been shown by the inventor, pieces of ,1 11 wood, metal and glass coated with this oil and presenting the appearance of transparent, glazing, or enamel. It is manufactured and for sale to the trade, by Gabriel A. Taylor, No. 49 East Third Street, Cincinnati, Ohio. An essay should be long enough to exhaust the subject, and short enough not to exhaust the reader. THE CHEEK COTTON PRESS. PALMER’S INFALLIBLE TRACE LOCK. From time to time we find the genius of invention grappling with inconvenient, or unsafe contrivances in the domain of small things that have been indefinitely tolerated because they have become respectable by long use, and nothing superior had been introduced. The necessity for a device for securely fastening a trace in position on a whiffle-tree, more reliable than the ordinary strip of leather, has long been felt, and its absence has been the cause of many deplorable accidents destructive to both life and property. It is a part of the experience of every person driving be broken or misplaced, and furnish a substitute that will' be cheap, ornamental, and durable, while assuring salc-|ty in cases where ordinary vigilance would fail. When unlocked, it springs back entirely out of way (as shown in the lower figure), and is ready for instant use. When locked there is no motion of the animal, harness, or vehicle that can cast it loose without breakage, while, as can be seen, it will readily yield to the movement of the finger and thumb when required. This simple device seems to fulfill all the purposes intended, furnishing absolute security against accidental detaching of a trace, and being light, cheap, ornamental, and easily applied. We learn that arrangements are being perfected in Cincinnati for its manufacture on a scale sufficiently large to supply the western trade. Three sizes will be made adapted to different classes of vehicles. Parties wishing full information or right to manufacture in Pacific or Atlantic States, should, address O. Palmer Esq, Cincinnati, Ohio, the patentee, of R. C. Myers, Covington, Ky. ------ PRAIRIE FENCING. Among many interesting statistics collected by the Madison County (111.) Farmers* Club, the most astonishing fact is, that in one corner of this county th|fe tmntj r/if; of TenccW dfljK This, at the low estimate of Inper rod, gives $20,000, or an annual tax in repairs at 10 per cent, of $2,000 ; and a renewal in ten years is almost certain. What an argument this against our present system of fencing! (This is not confined to Illinois ) This statement drew from Mr. Murfeldt some remarks oh the fence law ; he insisted that upon the principle of110 nian a right on lands used as X Jkighway only to pass over himself and. his stock, aná^for no other purpose whatsoever. Such was (is)* the ‘decision of the Supreme Court. It is all wrong to oblige a man to fence against his neighbor’s stock. And this extraordinary outlay for fences in a township where there are but 140 cows and very little of other stock, and where there are large inclosed j>asturcs upon which nine-tenths of the entire stock are kept. The adoption of a poundage,,Ja^ would abolish at one^^^kwthe^hca incurred by the AmeRjHEfaiaer, uglyw nOMTi palmer’s infallible trace lock. horses, that the traces frequently become unfastened even in cases where extraordinary precaution is taken, and in such instances it only requires that the amimal driven should be restive, spirited, or vicious, to insure a first class runaway, to point a paragraph in the daily press, usually under the head of “ serious accident.** The subject of the accompanying illustration,'is the “Infallible Trace Lock,** patented by Oliver Palmer, Esq., of Cincinnati, ApriU5th, 1870, a glance at which will explain its operation. It is intended to supersede the yielding strip of leather so long in use, so liable to ^cvcry State, ^expense now Jfremoval of the moden fences that be coupled witti^wl^ striction #n non-residehf' rants who will “ neither go itf théín-sej^cs ’* nor suffeP*T>thcrs “whty ifwere entering to AHERief!^. An Advance greater advance ha¿ branch ^f art in our o^^try, the new method of casting tjonzc, ____ ^ bronzes Havc^J^therto been cast rpug^ in sand molds, and then \vrought hand up to the degree ♦'tf'^nish in which we see them. . This process is very expéft?\fe, and when to that is addeá'the duty and other costs of Im’- . portation, we can easily see that little short of enormous prices charged for such works could indemnify the importer. The new American bronzes are cast by a method both ingenious and beautiful, in molds of the finest and most'dclicate potter’s clay, and come forth from them perfect.- The graceful flow of a beard, or the delicate tracing of a leaf, even when looked at through a magnifying glass, is as finely marked and sharply cut as in the foreign works finished by the artisan’s tools.'