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Indianapolis State Sentinel (Newspaper) - September 24, 1841, Indianapolis, Indiana V vol. , Friday september 24, 1841. No. 1006. Iii cited and published by Douglass amp Noel. Ter\rs�?50 per ainu i triad Vanci for 52 Nuiji Lierse $3 00, if paid at tic expire Ilion of six Nio Noli Fand a 3 so Attlee end of tie volume. No paper Willie discontinued unless Attlee option of tie publishers until All arrears Resare paid. space occupied by 250 Ems 9 lines i Hall be counted a Square Noth Iii counted less than a Square ill Over a Square and less than a Square and a half shall he counted a St Juare and a half one Dollar per Square shall he charged for the first three or any less number of insertions and Twenty five cents for each additional insertion. Advertisements published by the Quarter or Ioniser will be Hearde $3 per Square for three months 6 for months or �?�10 per Anni a. Merchants druggists and others advert Ising by the year will be charged for two squares $,15 50 for three squares �-20 for a Square of a column of 1000 Ems f-25 for a half of a column $25 Fer three fourths of a column $.50 for a column a 60. A deduction of 20 per cent will be made on advertisements longer Tolian a Quarter of a column when inserted by the half year or year and not altered. All advertisements Comiti from abroad must be accompanied with the Cash unless ordered for publication by a Botlic a publisher. All advertisements must be snark eco on their face wit ii the nut her of insertions or they w ill be continued till ordered out and charged by the insertion. The postage must be paid on All letters to the or they will not be taken out of the Post office. Saturday september 18, 1841. Veto no. 2, not unexpected but unwashed will be found in our columns to Day. have no comment to make upon it further than to say it is regarded Here As sealing the Fate of president j Yler Vilh the whigs. It is evident however that he does not wish to be cast off by them. In the latter part of it he begs them to forgive him As it is the Only 07ie measure on which he differs from them. Important from Washington Cabinet resignations. A letter from Washington of the 11th says that vacancies having occurred by resignations oif our of the Cabinet the following gentlemen were nominated to the Senate to Supply their Pla been altogether in our town for the last five years. Quot or. West s Temperance a however winked at it and thought it a most excellent and justifiable Way of beating the rascally whigs. Or. Lannaman s being a director of the Branch Bank also operated strongly against him. Many whigs believe that the Branch at this place is not conducted As it should be and they could not be made to believe that he would go As far an his opponent in reforming tie abuses they say exist. Notwithstanding his affected abuse of them every broker Aud Shaver in town supported or. West and As they have a great Many in their Power and consequently under their influence their support told. The prejudice that exists in Ninny parts of tie country against the town was brought to Bear More than usual in Liis election. In particular places or. West would denounce As Grinders of the poor purse proud aristocrats and shylock of the most dreaded kind men Wiliom he is in the habit daily of taking by the Liand. There is hardly a whig in Indianapolis who is engaged in business but was held up to scorn and , and As a being unfit to ass Pointe with and yet strange As it is or. West associates with them and is apparently proud of tie privilege and stranger yet these denounced individuals associate with him and Lake him by the hand All these causes contributed to the defeat of the whigs to Day. There Are no professed changes a Mong them. There Are As Many in Marion county now calling themselves whigs As Ever. But that they will Ever again become Active and efficient time and Opportunity will show. Ces Walter Forward of pa., at present first comptroller Secretary of the Treasury in place of or. Ewing John Mclean of Ohio Secretary of War in place of or. Bell judge upshur of va., Secretary of the Navy in the place of or. Badger Hugh l. Legare of South Carolina attorney general in place of or. Crittenden. Messes. Webster and Granger had not resigned. It was supposed however that they a would As soon As they could set their houses in order for their successors. So the last great legacy Gen. Harrison left to the whigs of the Union is denied them. The four new members were ardent friends of the election of Gen. Harrison but were All original friends of Gen. Jackson we believe. P. S. Since the above was put in Type we have seen the madisonian which says or. Granger resigned and that Charles a. Wickliffe of Kentucky Lias been appointed in his Stead. Or. Was originally a Jackson Man. The senatorial election. To Day the special election to fill the vacancy in the Indiana Senate occasioned by the resignation of Gen. Hanna took place and resulted in the Choice of n. West the candidate of the Loco focus. This announcement will be received with feelings of disappointment and deep regret by our friends throughout the state we doubt not. It is a matter we will not deny of mortification and Chagrin to a be whigs of Marion county. The causes that wrought our defeat Are palpable and a mistaken Here. Notwithstanding those causes however had All the whigs turned out who would have voted for or. Hannaman he would have been elected by a decisive majority. The question of Temperance had a very considerable bearing on the election. Last Spring a few Ultra friends of the Temperance cause of doll political parties got up a remonstrance to the county commissioners against the licensing of groceries to retail spirituous liquors within the incorporated limits of Indianapolis. This remonstrance was signed by a majority of the householders of the town of both parties and of a consequence the commissioners were required by Law not to Issue any License. This As a matter that was expected incensed a portion of our population As Well As a great Many in the country who have not however any thing More to do with the internal regulation of Indianapolis than have the people of Boone or any other county in the state. All the ill will and odium engendered by this movement against the groceries a were thrown upon the whigs because they constitute a Large majority of the town. The fact that some of the most Active in the matter Are As thorough going and unmitigated Loco focus As Are any where to be found was altogether unheeded. The whigs must take All the blame and those proc used friends of Temperance who Are politically opposed to them laugh in Tri Mph at the predicament in which they find themselves. It cannot be denied that there Are belonging to both parties a great Many that can be influenced on the Day of election in their voting by copious drenching with liquor. Or West and his Temperance friends being fully aware of that fact used it to the utmost extent during the Day. The groceries were made free All who wished drank freely without Money and without Price at or. West s Cost. In consequence of this immoral and highly a insurable Mode of electioneering there were More intoxicated men mid More lighting than have Congress. This body adjourned on the 13th inst. A few Days before the adjournment and while the motion was pending to concur with the Senate in striking out from the appropriation Bill the salary for a minister at Naples the following described disgraceful scene took place. Or. Fillmore said he was informed that or. Throop hid been recalled and was on his Way Home breach of privilege. While or. Fillmore was in the midst of a sentence the reporter who had noticed or. Wise Cross Over to the a eat of or. Stanly and had observed those two gentle chi in conversation apparently of a very excited Clia Ractor saw or. Wise raise his hand violently and aim a blow at the face of or. Stanly who As instantaneously met or returned it. A violent tight followed and in less time than it can be described in this report a scone of mingled uproar and/��/7�� such As the reporter in Many years experience has never witnessed on the floor of the House messes. Wise and stanly were lost to the sight of the reporter in the frederal Rush whilst or. Arnold of Tannos see and Ivor. Butler of if Nti icky were noticed in a violent personal slur Rulo strike off at and trap Iling with each other. Or. Dixon h. Lewis and or. Gilmer and others were seen in the midst endeavouring to quell Llie disturbance which had now reached a Point at v. Hic i it seemed impossible to arrest its Progress. The members had rushed from All parts of the Hal some Ruslin Iii Over and to thers standing upon the tables literally Pili Nof themselves one on the other and several canes were seen by the reporter raised As if in the act of striking. The a poker Dur info this time had resumed the chair informally but no Ono paid the least regard to his voice and he called in vain on the officers none of whom were observed by the reporter with the exception of the door keeper who endeavouring to close the doors and windows again to the crowd from without who attempted to Rush within the Hall. The general Melee of which the reporter was taking notes continued from two and a half to three minutes. It then subsided a it appeared though by a hat direct process the reporter could not understand but he heard the voice of or. Wise who Lead returned to his scat addressing the chair. The reporter thinks it proper to remark that the entire statement under the head of Quot breach of privilege Quot is Given by himself according to his own notes and that no part of it has been submitted to revision something like order having been restored or. Wise said he had risen for the purpose of apologizing to the House in the most Bumble manner and of asking its Pardon As he most sincerely he had in its presence under the excitement of the moment violated its order a an excitement which he could not repress. The House had witnessed a that had passed Between the gentleman from Quot North Carolina or. Stanly and himself in the course of the debate and had heard the language used by that gentleman towards him. He or. A had passed Over to that gentleman s seat in order to remonstrate with him in a Friendly Way. The gentleman from n. Carolina was excited and he or. A becoming so they were soon engaged in very hot words. Our Friendly relations continued or. W., were interrupted. I will not state to the House circumstantially All that took place but he repeated to me what he had said and i gave him warning that he had not met me in the spirit in which i or. W., at the close of the sentence which was before my constituents before this House and before the world. The gentlemen then raised his hand and struck me and if the members of the House had not interfered i would have Piven ii irn the severe punishment which he deserves fur his insolence. Or. Ingersoll Rose and offered the following Resolution resolved that a special committee be appointed to inquire into the circumstances of the rencontre on the floor of this House Between or. Wise and or. Stan in members of this House and to report thereon to the House. Or. Andrews of ky., said that at the last Congress a committee had been appointed on a similar subject when a similar occurrence had taken place. How that investigation ended every body knew. He was opposed to the appointment of a committee. He considered the former occurrence disgraceful to the House As he considered this. To thou it that the two members engaged deserve ii to be expelled and lie believed they should be expelled now upon the spot and without further delay. Cries in Many parts of the House Quot agreed there was no other Way in which the House could vindicate its character and its dignity. Tiie committee appointed in a similar Case at the last Congress had done nothing a had recommended nothing and the indignity which had been offered to the House and the country went unpunished and Unree liked. He was for no committee it would be a Mere whitewashing affairs a Mere Humbug such As we had heretofore had. Or. Hopkins ii fier a remark which the reporter could not hear moved the previous question. Or. Andrews moved to Lay the Resolution of or. Ingersoll on the table Wii a View he said if that motion prevailed to offer the following Resolution that the Hon. Henry a. Wise a member of this House having this Day by his own confessions on the floor of the House while in session in committee of the whole on the state of the Union committed an assault on the Hon. Edward stanly be therefore sex Elled the House. Or. Andrews moved to Lay the Resolution on the table. F or the reasons above stated by Hisiu. Which motion was rejected. The question then recurred on the motion of or. Hopkins for the previous question. And there was a second. And the main question being on the Resolution was ordered and being taken the Resolute ice by ayes 124, noes not counted was adopted. And the committee was ordered to consist of seven members. Message from the president of the a Iii cd Stales returning with his objections the Bill to provide for the better collection Safe keeping and disbursement of the Public Revenue by Means of a Cut Jurj oration to be styled theft Cal corporation of the United Stales Quot septet Libeu 9, 1s41. Thus lost to the reporter was interrupted by or. Andrews of Kentucky who said that be objected to the gentleman going into the facts which he hoped would be ascertained by a committee of persons wholly uninterested. Or. Wise. I have but a few words to say. Cries of Quot go on go in the warmth of my excitement i used liars language and the gentleman returned to me a word Wirich i could not Brook either Here or elsewhere. Never whatever May be the consequences will i Brook that word. I struck him. I have of tended against the House i humbly ask its Pardon and i submit myself to any penalty which it May please to or. Stanly then took the floor and said he had not risen to ask Pardon of the House. If lie had of tended against it if he had been guilty of any violation of its rules he would submit to any penalty the House might imposed even to be expelled or to Breed to resign. But continued or. S i believe i have done what any other Man on this floor would have done under similar circumstances. The honorable gentleman from Virginia or. Wise whose insolence i will not say is notorious came round to my seat not As he says to remonstrated no not to remonstrated but to scold to lecture to browbeat me As he does every body who presumes to differ with such a High born virginian As he is. I could not tolerate it. I told him what i understood him to have said and what i had said in reply. He then said Quot i want to warn you Quot to which i replied Quot no i will not take your he then said Quot come out of the Hall with me Quot and started towards the door. I replied Quot no sir you have heard what i said you can take your own course i have nothing More to to then said Quot you deserve my contempt Quot and i said Quot sir you Are a or. Wise. That is not the fact. Or. Stanly. That is the state of facts. I assert it to the House of representatives f the United states it is with extreme regret that 1 feel myself constrained by the duty faithfully to execute the if Bce of president of the United states and to the Best of my ability to preserve protect and defend the con Stit Iti ii of tie United states to return to that House in which it originated the Bill Quot to provide for the better collection Safe keeping and disbursement of the Public Revenue by Means of a corporation to be styled the fiscal corporation of the United states Quot with my written objections. In my message sent to the Senate on the 16tli Day of a Frost last returning Ltd the Bill Quot to incorporate the subscribers to the fiscal Bank of the United states Quot i distinctly declared that my own opinion had been uniformly proclaimed to be against the exercise Quot of the Power of Congress to create a National Bank to operate be Over the Union Quot and entertaining that opinion my main objection to that Bill was based upon the highest moral and religious obligations of conscience and the Constitution. I readily admit that whilst the qualified veto with which the chief magistrate is invested should be regarded and was intended by the Wise men who made it a part of the Constitution As a great conservative principle of our sys Tern without the exercise of which on important occasions a Mere representative major ii might urge the government in its legislation beyond the limits fixed by its framers or might exert its just Powers too hastily or oppressively yet it is a Power which ought to be most cautiously exerted and perhaps never except in a Case imminently involve my the Public interest or one in which the oath of the president acting under his convictions both mental and moral imperiously requires its exercise. In such a Case he has no alternative. He must either exert the negative Power entrusted to Liim by the Constitution chiefly for its own preservation Protection and defence or commit an act of Gross moral turpitude. Mere regard to the will of a majority must not in a constitutional Republic like ours control this sacred and solemn duty of a sworn officer. The Constitution itself i regard and cherish As the embodied and written will of the whole people of the United Stales. It is their fixed and fundamental Law which they unanimously prescribe to the Public functionaries their Mere trustees and servants. This their will and the Law which they live Given us As the Rule of our action has no guard no guarantee of preservation Protection and defence but the oaths which it prescribes to the Public officers the Sanctify with which they shall religiously observe those oaths and the patriotism with which the people shall yield it by their own Sovereign will which has made the Constitution supreme. It must to exerted against the will of a Mere representative majority or Nottall. It is alone in a pursuance of that will that any measure can Ever reach the Prosi dont and to say that because a majority in Congress have pass a a Bill the president should therefore Sanction it is to abrogate the Power altogether and to insertion in the Constitution a work of absolute super rotation. The duty is to guard the fundamental will of the people themselves from in this Case i trait unintentional change or infraction by a majority in Congress. And in that Light alone do i regard the constitutional duty which i now most reluctantly discharge. Is this Bill now presented for my approval or disapproval such a Bill As i have already declared could not receive my Sanction is it such a Bill As Calls for of the negative Power under the Constitution ? dues it violate the Constitution by creating a National Bank to operate Perse Over the Union its title Iii the first place describes its general character. It is Quot an act to provide for the better collection safekeeping and disbursement of the Public Revenue by Means of a corporation to be styled the fiscal corporation of the United Stales. In style then it is plainly National in its character. Its Powers functions and duties Are those which pertain to the collecting keeping and disbursing the Public the Means by which these Are to be exerted is a corporation to be styled the fiscal corporation of the United Stales. It is a corporation created by the Congress of the United , in the character of a National legislature Foi the whole Union to perform Xhu fiscal purposes meet the fiscal wants and exigencies Supply to fiscal uses and exert tha fiscal agent cies of tie Treasury of tie United states. Such is its own description of itself. Do its provisions contradict its title they do not. It is True Mijat by its first Section it provides that it shall be established in the District of Columbia but the amount of its capital the manner in which its Stock is to be subscribed for and held tie persons bodies corporate and politic by whom its Stock May be held the appointment of its directors and their Post hrs and duties its fundamental articles especially that to establish agencies in any part of the Union the corporate Powers and business of such agencies the prohibition of Congress to establish any other corporation with similar Powers for Twenty years with express reservation in Tjie same clause to modify or create any Bank for the District of Columbia so that the aggregate capital shall not exceed five millions without enumerating other features which Are equally distinctive and characteristic clearly show that it cannot be regarded As other than a Bank of the United states with Powers seemingly More limited than have heretofore been granted to such an institution. It operates be Over the Union by virtue of the unaided in my View assumed authority of Congress As a National legislature As from a Bank created by Conj Iress for the District of Columbia As the local legislature of the District. Every states Bank heretofore created has had Power to Deal in Bills of Exchange As Well Asiu local discounts. Both were trading Privi Leiros conferred and both exercised by virtue of the aforesaid Power of Congress Over the whole Union. The question of l Ower remains unchanged without reference to the extent of privilege granted. If this proposed corporation is to be regarded As a local Bank of the District of Columbia invested by Congress with general Powers to operate Over the Union it is obnoxious to still stronger objections. It assumes that Congress May invest a local institution with general or National Powers. With the same propriety that it May do this in regard to a Bank of the District of Columbia it May As to a state Bank. Yet who can indulge the idea that this government can rightfully by making a state Bank its fiscal agent invest it with the absolute and unqualified Powers conferred by this Bill a when i come to look at the details of the Bill Uliey do not recommend it strongly to my a Brief notice of some of its provisions will suffice. First. It May justify substantially a system of discounts of the most objectionable character. It is to Deal in Bills of Exchange drawn in one state and payable in another any restraint. The Bill of Exchange May live an unlimited time to run and its Rene ability is no where a guarded Anra inst. It May in fact assume the most objectionable form of accommodation paper. It is not required to rest on any actual real or substantial Exchange basis a drawer in one place becomes the acceptor in another and so on in turn Twig acceptor May become the drawer upon a Mutual under spauding. It May at the same time indulge in Mere local discount under the name of Bills of Exchange. A Bill drawn at Philadelphia on Camden new Jersey at new York on a Border town in new Jersey at Cincinnati on new sort Kentucky not to Niu Lipty Otlie examples might for any tiling in this Bill to restrain it become a Mere matter of local accommodation. Cities thus relatively situated would possess advantages Over cities otherwise situated of so decided a character As most justly to excite dissatisfaction. Win the applause of men by a sacrifice of my duty and my conscience. John Tyler. Washington september 1841. 2d. There is no limit prescribed to the Premium in the Purchase of Bills of Exchange thereby correcting none of the evils under which the Community now labors and operating most injuriously upon the agricultural states in which the inequality in the rates of Exchange Are nost severely Felt. Nor Are these the Only consequences. A resumption of specie payments by the Banks of these states wouit5 be liable to indefinite postponement for As the operation of the a a on cies of the Interior would chiefly consist in settling Bills of Exchange and the or closers could Only be made in specie or in notes of Hanks paying specie the state Banks would either have to continue with Dours closed or exist at the mercy of this n a tonal monopoly of brokerage. Nor can it be Biassed Over without remark that whilst the District of Columbia is made the seat of the principal Bank its citizens Are excluded from All participation in any Benefit it might afford by a positive prohibition of tiie Bank from All discounting within the District. These Are some of the objections which prominently exist against the details of the Bill others might be urged of much Force but it would be unprofitable to dwell upon them sufi Ceritto add that this charter is designed to continue for Twenty years without a compel Zitur that the defects to which i have alluded being founded in the fundamental Law of the corporation Are irrevocable and that if the objections be Well founded it would be Over hazardous to pass the Bill into a Law. In conclusion i take leave most respectfully to say that i have Felt the most anxious solicitude to meet the wishes of Congress in the adoption of a fiscal agent which avoid Nir All constitutional objections should harmonize conflicting opinions. Actuated by this feeling i have been ready to yield much in a spirit of conciliation ii to the opinions of others and it is with great pain that i now feel compelled to differ from Congress a second time in the same at the commencement of this session inclined from Choice to defer to the legislative will i submitted to Congress the propriety of adopting a fiscal agent which with out violating the Constitution would separate tie Public moneys from the executive control perform the operations of the Treasury without being burdensome to the people or inconvenient or expensive to the government. It is deeply to be regretted that this department of the government cannot upon constitutional and other grounds concur with the legislative department in this last measure proposed to attain Toliese desirable objects. Of ing to the Brief space Between the period of the death of my lamented predecessor and my own installation into office i was in fact not left time to prepare and submit a definite recommendation of my own regular message and since my mind Lias been wholly occupied in a most anxious attempt to conform my action to the legislative will. In this communication l am confined by the Constitution to my objections simply to this Bill but the period of the regular session will soon arrive when it will be my duty under another clause of the Constitution Quot to give to Congress Iii for mation of the state of the Union and recommend to their consideration such measures As i shall judge necessary and expedient Quot Audi most respectfully submit in a spirit of Harmony whether the present differences of opinion should be pressed further at this time and whether the peculiarity of my situation does not entitle me to a postponement of this subject to a More auspicious period for deliberation. The two houses of Congress have distinguished theitis elves at this extraordinary session by the performance of an immense mass of labor at a season very unfavourable both to health and action and have passed Many Laws which i Trust will prove highly beneficial to the interest of the country and fully answer its just expectations. It has been my Good Fortune and pleasure to concur with them in All measures except this and Why should our difference on this a Lone be pushed to extremes it is my anxious desire that they should not be. I too have been burdened with extraordinary labors of Kate and sincerely desire time for deep and deliberate reflection on this the greatest i faculty of my administration. May to not now pause until a More favourable time when with the most anxious Hope that the executive and Congress May cordially unite some measure of finance May be deliberately adopted promotive of the Good of our. Common country. I will take this occasion to declare that the con club its to which i have brought myself Are those of a settled conviction founded in my opinion on a just View Oftie Constitution Tatj in arriving it it i have been actuated by n6 other motive or design than to uphold the institutions of to country As they have come Down to us from Trio hands of our god like ancestors and that i shall esteem my efforts to sustain them even though i perish Nitro honorable to univ to the veto no. 1. Extract from the proceedings of a Public meeting held in Columbus Ohio to take into consideration the veto message whereas it is the right and duty of freemen at All times and on All proper occasions to express their sentiments upon the acts and doings of their Public servants we do therefore As free citizens of these United states determined at All hazards to support and maintain our Independence put Forth the following Reso Rcd that it is with regret stir Priesand mortification that we have this morning received information that John Tyler president of the United states has placed his veto upon a Law of Congress which was passed by a Large majority of the people s representatives. regret it a cause it is such a Manifest departure from the principles upon which he was elected. Are surprised that he should so readily exercise that odious and anti Republican Power which was so loudly condemned by him and his friends when he was seeking out votes. And we Are mortified that he shoud so soon abandon the principles entertained Ond cherished by the great majority of the american people. Resolved that in this act we see again the humiliating spectacle of one Man controlling the action of a majority of the immediate representatives of the people and of the Senate Many of whom in All intellectual endowments and in All that constitutes the statesman Are immensely Superior to the Man who wields this odious and dangerous Power. Resolved that in this act the incumbent of the presidency assuming to judge of the existence of that Quot necessity Quot Wlinich he admits would Render the measure constitutional and nullify Nir the will of the people As expressed by the Senate and House of representatives we see revived an alarming and anti Republican principle which we believed to have been effectually rebuked and repudiated by the result of the last presidential election. Resolved that the veto Power is anti democratic and fit Only to be used by despots and tyrants for under its influence our representatives Are compelled in making Laws to consult the wishes whims and caprices of one Man instead of obeying their constituents the people and making such Laws As their interest and their Good imperiously demand. Resolved that it is against the odious exercise of this tyrannical Power that the whigs have been contending fur the last twelve years and that we will still continue to Battle against it let it come from where it will or be used by whom it May. Resolved that we most cordially concur in the Noble and patriotic sentiment uttered by the lamented Harrison in his speech at Dayton which is As follows Quot i have never regarded the office of chief magistrate As conferring upon the incumbent the Power of Mastery Over the popular will but As granting him the or to execute the properly exp dressed will of the people and not to resist it. With any Mother s milk did i suck in tie principles on which the decl Arati m of Independence was founded. I cheering that declaration complained that the King would not let the people make such Laws As they wished. Shall a president or an executive officer undertake at this late time of Day to control the people in the exercise of their supreme will no. The people Are the Best guardians of their own rights applause and it is the duty of their executive to abstain from interfering or in thwarting ii functions of their resolved that the declaration contained in John Tyler s Nii stage to wit Quot that the approval of one president has been followed by the disapproval of another Quot is a sophistry unworthy an enlightened statesman and Patriot inasmuch As it is a matter of history that Charters for a Bank of the u. S. With Powers to establish branches and of Les of discount and Deposit received the signature of Gen. Wash intr ton that its constitutionality was admitted by the signature of Thomas Jefferson that such an institution received the signature of James Madison and its constitutionality also admitted by James Monroe and j. Q. Adams. Resolved that although we claim no right to question John Tyler upon the declaration which to says he made in the legislature of his Quot native state Quot or those made Quot during a period of 25 years Quot yet we do claim the right of demanding of him Why and where fire he voted in the Harrisburg convention fur an open and avowed Bank Man As a candidate for the presidency and Why the whole delegation from Viginia in that convention gave their Suffrages to the same individual. Resolved that we do not recognize the right of a president to execute the prov sums of the Constitution Quot As he understands them Quot but that it is his duty to carry out the clearly expressed wishes of the people As indicated by the action of their representatives unless in eases of Manifest violation of the Constitution resolved that the constitutionality of a National Bank has been sanctioned by the assent of general Washington Thomas Jefferson and James Madison and by the action of the Sun reme court of Llie u. States the highest Legal tribunal known to our Constitution and that neither the Good and great Washington nor the Patriot Jefferson or the illustrious statesman Madison did in the language of president Tyler Quot surrender All claim to the respect of Honor ble men All Confidence on the part of the people All self respect All regard for moral and religious obligation Quot &c., &c., when they gave their assent to a Bill Char Termini a a National Bank. Resolved that we can have no Confidence in the consistency of a president who denies to Congress the right to legislate for this Union pronouncing their acts to be Quot the language of a master to his Vassal Quot when at the same time he claims for himself the right to annul All Laws made by the people through their representatives thereby rendering himself in fact the master dictating to his vassals the people. Resolved that by this act of president Tyler the Hopes of tie country with regard to currency Are Bli it i Ted. Are thrown Back to where we were six or eight years ago. And now see no remedy for the frightful evil which All acknowledge to exist save in a future and Distant change of the chief magistrate of the Union. Resolved that with the spirit of freemen and the firmness of men conscious of right we will persevere until these evils Are remedied taking care that no future instance shall occur of our betrayal by a trusted and unworthy Public servant. , that the veto by John Tyler is under the circumstances so astonishing that we cannot but attribute it to some secret influence not yet developed but which we shall look and expect to see developed in the history of the next presidential election. The injury May be but partial still the Youing Plant will feel the effect or it May prevent the growing of the Grain altogether. believe that it May to considered a settled Point that All seeds should be thoroughly matured to give perfect vigorous plants Anco that a neglect of this will always produce loss la the Farmer. have known two ways which have been adopted successfully to procure the Best of the wheat for seed and As the trouble is not great Farnie irs who use but Small quantities of seed May find their car count in trying one or the other. The first is what is called casting the seed. In this method the Farmei casts his wheat a handful at a time some thirty feet or the length of his barn floor and that which goes the farthest being of course the plump est acid heaviest is to be reserved for the seed. In the second method the sheaves of Ripe wheat Are struck across a barrel or log. Something in the manner of Ibre Shing flax rather liar holy arid As none but the ripest and Best wheat will in this Way be shelled it gives Good is too Little attention paid to seed wheat generally the Best not being selected or its tendency in the hands of the Ordinary Farmer to degenerate Noi being counteracted by change of . Tomato figs Patent office july 10, 1841.dear sir the medical qualities of tomatoes have greatly increased their cultivation and every new preparation of the article is deserving consideration. A Sample of Quot Tomato figs have just been deposited at the Patent office of a very Superior Quality. Froni the taste i should suppose All the Good qualities of the fruit Are retained. In appearance the drum of tomatoes resembles figs so nearly that they might be easily mistaken for the same. The Sample is deposited by mrs Steigle of this City and the recipe transmitted with it is enclosed for publication. It is deeply to be regretted that the periodicals of the Day Are open to communications that so Many valuable improvements Are lost to the world barely for the want of publicity. Others May have dried the tomatoes with a recipe however less successful. Very respectfully h l. Ellsworth. Hon. Skinner six pounds of sugar to one Peck or 16 lbs of the fruit in the usual Way. Cusk them Over a fire their own juice being sufficient without the addition of water until the sugar penetrates and they Are clarified. They Are then taken out spread on dishes flattened and dried in the Sun a Small Quantity of the syrup should be occasionally sprinkled Over them whilst drying after which pack them Down in boxes treating each layer with powdered sugar. The syrup is afterwards concentrated and bottled for use. They keep Well from year to year and retain surprisingly their flavour which is nearly the Quality of fresh figs. The Pear shaped or Sinarle Tomato answer the purpose Best. Ordinary Brown Sinigar Ray be used a Large portion of which is retained in the . Farmer. Eleni ant in a the Banks of Tho River there Are Many Quicksand and during this expedition a somewhat distressing scene happened. An elephant i cautiously came within the vortex of one first one foot Sank then another find in endeavouring to extricate himself matters became worse no portion of either of his legs was at last visible and the bystanders had Given up the poor animal As lost being Oriu namely unusually powerful he three several times with what appeared to All supernatural strength Drew a foot from the closely clinging Earth placing it where by sounding with his Trnini he found most solid to not until the third time did the ground Bear a a his pressure when he gradually released himself do acred exercise of the Law making i ing the whole period of his troubles his cries were exceedingly dolorous and might have been heard a couple of Miles his Grunt when they were at an end was equally indicative of satisfaction. The internal application of a bottle of Strong spirits dissipated his trembling and restored his equanimity. Many unfortunate elephants Are lost in these treacherous Sands when Large quantities of grass or branches of Trees Are not at hand to form an available support for Thern. After a certain time the poor beast becomes powerless and the owner can then Only look with sorrow at the gradual disappearance of his Noble animal and lament the pecuniary loss he thereby suffers for All human Aid is futile. They have been known to be twelve hours before entirely sinking. A delightful scene. understand that Captain Moore of the United states Navy recently for the first time since his station at this place shipped a Crew on Board his vessel. At night he informed them that he was in the habit of Reading his Bible every night and if they chose they might join him and All with one Accord came Forward so that the open skylights above the Cabin were surrounded with Heads intently listening to the voice of their commander As he read Tho word of life. He then commended them to god and bid them Good night. Soon after there came along a pleasure boat with a party of gentlemen and ladies who were in aged agreeable to the apostolic injunction being merry in singing psalms As they came near some of the Crew Sung out Quot Captain we know that tune Quot a Quot Well replied he Quot strike the next verse Quot so they All struck in and Sung the following verse with i real enthusiasm and the compliment was returned from the boat with waving of handkerchiefs. Amp a. As the boat passing round again neared the ship the sailors called out Quot Captain Vve know the missionary hymn Quot Quot Well then sing it Quot he replied. So they truck up at the top of their voices Quot Fofiu Grocut Laid s icy noun Tain and thus instead of the evening being passed in the forecastle singing obscene and profane songs As often it is with seamen they were lingering about the amp Captain s door singing hymns till Timo to Quot turn f Bost. Recar. Pier auction of sked time to procure pure seed for fall sowing is to make your calculations As to kind Quantity amp a. Bet re your wheat is Ripe and then from your Field select a part that will what you wish and by repeated careful examination free it from every thing that is not Vii heat. Wheat May a used pure in this Way much More certainly than in any other and we know Many Farmers who find their account in this method not Only from the almost perfect immunity it gives them from weeds but ill the sales of their wheat at higher Rales owing to the superiority of the article. No seed is fit to sow that Haa been injured by heal in the stack or mow. Ruins of a at Pompeii the romans revive the houses Are ornamented with picturesque paintings the collars Are stocked As Well As the tables. In More than one dwelling there has been found on. The table and the Skeleton of the guests a round it you arrive by a suburb wholly lined by roman tombs and walk Over a roman pavement worn out by roman vehicles you May enter the inns Ali Era Are stables with the rings to fasten the horses. Dole by is Tho Farier with his sign Over his door. If you penetrate into one of those tombs you will , containing ashes hair and fragments of calcined bones., every where Are displayed inscriptions unaffected and touching such As thu epitaph dedicated by a woman to her husband Sci Ilia to Llie Friend of her soul above thirty streets of Pompeii Are now restored to Light it is a third part of the town. The Walls which formed its ancient enclosures have been recognized a magnificent amphitheatre a theatre a forum the Temple of Issi that of Venus and a number of Eil Hei buildings have been cleared. The secret stairs by which the priest of those Days silly crept to pro in pm the Oracle have been discovered. My rate employ cry on those ruins 2000 men every year. Only 60 mrs and look Are now employed upon Boston re Corder. A1 miivistraton>4 ma1.x. of uie estate of Jolin Witchey into of tic county of Marion dec Nobou lie Reby gives notice that on the Stii Day of october iie.\t, Towill sell lit pull a fiction at to 0 into Rosie once of bid decedent All his said Doce Deni s Purso Giitl property consisting of horses is keep hogs Vii heat Corn Huy House Sligold and kit Dick f or Nitro. Running utensils ice. Nino in Otlis credit will lie Given on ail sums Over three dollars. Sule to chi Pincnce at 10 o clock m. Sept. 8 3w George Tomlinson adm r. Book of commence by sea and find exhibiting its Conn cation with Trio no Ami july 2 Tor sonic at 1>avi� Boom Tore

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