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Indianapolis State Sentinel (Newspaper) - June 19, 1841, Indianapolis, Indiana Vol. , saturday june 19, 1841. No. 992. K in l de and Tab listed by Dougi ass amp Noel. Tkrms�?50 per Iii Iii in Elvance for 52 numbers $3 00, if paid at the sex air Iti ii in Otlis and 50 Nellie end of Trio volume. No paper will be discontinued unless Attlee option of the pub Leslier until All Arr Nara jes Are paid. ire occupied by 250 Ems a linc.=, Liall be counted a Square Iio Tilini counted less than a Square All Over a s i Are and less than a Square and a Liaf so ill he counted a a Ijuro and a Milf one Dollar per Square shall he charged for the first three or any loss number of Iii Orlins and Twenty five for Ench additional insertion. Advertisements pull shed by the Quarter or Loi Ifer will he charged $3 per Square for three months. 6 for months or $10 per merchants druggists and others advert by the year Ivill be charged for two , $15 50 for three squares 20 for a Square of a column of Lott Ems $25 for a half of a column 825 for three fourths of a Coli Imi $50 for a column 60. A deduction of 20 tier cent will be made on advertise merits longer than a Quarter of a column when inserted by tie half year or year and not altered. All advertisement coming from abroad must be accompanied with the Cash unless ordered for publication by a brother pub Josh or. All must lie marked on their face with the number of insertions or they will be continued till ordered out and Char find by the insertion. The Post arc must be paid on All letters to the publishers or they will not be taken out of the Post office. Tuesday june 15, 1841. Our county whig ticket. It is with regret we learn that one or More Quot whigs will run against the regular nominees in this county. What can induce them to such a course we cannot conjecture. It will endanger the Success of the whole ticket without benefiting in the least. They certainly must see if they a collect but a moment that they cannot be elected. For the purpose of getting them out and then keeping them on the track Van Buren men Promise to vote for them but when the proper time arrives they will disappoint them by casting their votes for to Weir own political friends and thus leave the Itule pendent Wiig candidates with just enough of whig Voles to defeat the regular nominees. It is the policy of our opponents to induce whigs to become candidates not that they intend to vote for Vliem but to draw oif whigs from the regular ticket. With the exception of representatives they have a candidate for each office to be filled at the August election. They intend to succeed if they can and Uliey Are fully aware their Only Hope of Success lies in a division of the whigs. The convention that nominated our candidates could not be surpassed for honesty and Justice. Its members were Farmers and were from every township in the county. Tis True tie nominations did not give entire satisfaction that was impossible from the very nature of things. There were Many most excellent men who were candidates before the convention that were disappointed. Each one had Many warm friends who were also disappointed and the aggregate perhaps of those disappointed and probably dissatisfied amounted to a majority of the whigs in the county. At the time we thought More popular selections could have been made for one or two of tiie offices but As we in common with the whig party looked to that convention for the candidates we should support we submitted and shall cheerfully vote an a scratched ticket and we sincerely Trust that every Man who voted for Gen. Harrison will do the same. It is the Only Way we can keep our party United and in the ascendant. We yet believe that our whig friends will see the Folly and hopelessness to themselves of opposing the regular candidates and will abandon All intention of doing so. Let them unite heartily in the support of the ticket present a to the people by the april convention and it will not Only ensure Success to that ticket but they will place themselves in situations that will not be overlooked hereafter. Circumstances alter the Van Buren party in this county Afi act great opposition to nominations by conventions. Their Brethren in some other counties we notice have expressed themselves strongly in favor of that Mode of bringing candidates before the people. In decided Van Buren counties such As Fountain Washington Sullivan amp a. They have nominated candidates for every office. In Dearborn where parties Are nearly equally divided they have also nominated a full ticket. In All those counties they Are calling on their friends to rally and carry the entire ticket Down to the lowest this is All right and we cannot blame them for it. They must however without complaining permit us to do the same in our Strong counties. Who does not know that if the Van Buren party had a majority in this county they would nominate their candidates in convention they did in times past when they thought they had the majority. We Hope the attention of none of the whigs will be diverted from a single candidate on the ticket by the false and Flimsy cry of dictation. The Van Buren men will strive to Divide that they May conquer. Their object however is not to elect whigs by defeating the regular ticket or any portion of it. They intend thereby to secure the election of their own friends. Our candidates Are honest and capable men and have stood by the party through Good and through evil report in Victory and in defeat then Why not support them if our opponents bring Forward candidates better qualified they can then with a show of reason Call upon us for support. But when it is admitted that our candidates Are equal if not Superior to theirs in capacity and All the requisites to fill office they cannot with any propriety Call upon us to forsake our political friends and support those who have always opposed us and who during the lifetime of our late and lamented president basely abused and vilified Iii. Let us go for our friends South Carolina. A great meeting of the friends of the administration was held at Charleston on the 25ih May at which resolutions in favor of a Tarifi for Revenue purposes a National Bank and the distribution of the proceeds of the Public lands were adopted. The meeting was addressed by senator Preston or. Legare and other distinguished gentlemen. The venerable Thomas Lowndes presided. Or. Calhoun must take care or the scepter will depart from him. The Secretary of the Treasury states the a mount of Treasury notes outstanding on the 1st inst. At �>8,003,563 11. Of this amount $.3,494,-046 69 have been issued by the new administration. Or. Braddee the great Uniontown a. Mail robber has been convicted and two of his accomplices plead guilty. Hon. Bates Cook the comptroller of the finances of new York died at Lewistown recently aged 50 years. Gen h. W. Beeson Loco has been elected to Congress from the Fayette and Green District a. In the place of Enos Hook dee., of the same politics. Charles k. Williams has been nominated As the we diff candidate for governor of Vermont. There Are 80,784 while persons in Georgia who can neither read nor write. It is stated in the Western papers that Keo Kuck has been killed by a son of Black Hawk. The Richmond palladium and Terre haute courier have with this paper been selected to Publiski the Laws amp a. Of the United states by authority in this stale. The Portland canal at Louisville by. Yielded a Revenue last year of $180,496. Real Reform. The collector of the City of new York has made 32 removals and Only 15 appointments thus dispensing with 17 a ii e s s. Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot. Washington Jane 3, 1841. Be vase. The following senators were announced by the chair As the standing Cummi tees the ii arinian of each having been balloted for and Eie cled on a prior Day on foreign . Rives Preston Buchanan Tuluii Adoc and climate. On . Clay uflvy., Evans Woodbury Mangum and Liay avd. On Commerce a messes. Huntington Merrick King Barrow and Wrig lit. On manuf . Evans Archer Miller Buchanan and Simmons. On messes. Linn Woodbridge Smith of ct., White and Simmons. On Mill Ilary adj . Preston Merrick Lemon Arctic a and Pierce. On the . Phelps Kerr Clay of Ala., Barrow and Fulton. On naval adj . Mangum Archer Wii Vianis in Willow ind., and Clidale. On Public. . Smith of ind., tall Madge Walker Bates and Prentiss. On private land . Bayard Huntington Linn Sevier and Henderson. On Indian adj . Morehead White Sevier Phelps and Benton. On . Graham Bales Wright Woodbury and Woodbridge. On revolutionary . , More head suit la of ct., Sturgeon and Gralam. On the . Berrien Clayton Prentiss Walker and Kerr. On the Post . Henderson Simmons Mcroberts Berrien and Moulon. On roads and . Porter White Young Cuthbert and King. On . Bates Picicc Allen Dixon and Nicl Olson. For the District of . Merrick Clayton King Mangum und Young. On . Prentiss Porter Sturgeon Tappan and Henderson. On Public . Barrow Fulton and Kerr. On the contingent . White Tappan and Porter. On engrossed messes. Mcroberts Miller and Nicholson. Ii ouse of . _ Tiu a Day june 3. The Rafort of Tun of the Tea Suhy on the finances was communicated to both houses of Congress to Day. The notice which the pre ident lakes of it and the Luminous and vigorous abstract of its facts and estimates presented in then message Are calculated to Sharpen the curiosity which the Public must naturally feel for the appear fice of this important the report interesting and valuable papers which accompany it have been prepared with the ability which distinguishes the Strong mind that presides Over the Treasury department and show extraordinary Industry care and research. These papers furnish satisfactory replies to the Long string of enquiries so ostentatiously paraded by or. Senator Benton yesterday. That gentleman could not wait for the new administration to give information at the usual time and in Trio common form but must anticipate the arrival even of the regular report from the trea sury department. He might with As much pro piety have offered resolutions on the first Day of the session calling for information on the topics uniformly presented in a president s message. Or. Clay of Kentucky 1ms at once moved Tov Ard the object which lies at the foundation of accumulated mischief under which the currency of the country is suffering. On his motion the committee on finance has been directed to enquire into Quot the expediency of repealing the sub Treasury act. The Kentucky senator animated by a spirit of accommodation put his Resolution into this modes form instead of that which the sentiments of the nation would have warranted namely of instructing the committee promptly to introduce a Bill for the repeal of that condemned measure. Or. Wright was satisfied with the res Ohirion in this shape. But not so or. Calhoun. The Quot honest Nullifier Quot manifested far More sensibility at the Lea of the , than even Tho reputed author of the Quot untried expedient Quot himself. He thought the proceeding of or. Clay most extraordinary. He de sired Liat the select committee appointed to consider and report on so much of the message As relates to like Revenue and a fiscal agent should be charged also with this question of repealing the sub Treasury. He Are sued that it could not be fairly considered without a knowledge of and a reference to the system that was to be substituted for it just As if Congress might not reasonably Pui the Seal of condemnation on a measure which has already been condemned so unequivocally by the people Asa separate act without a moment s tii ought As to substitution. Plenty Clay answered or. Calhoun with his accustomed directness showing plainly that a question of a substitute is not acc Estanly involved in the question of repeal of an acknowledged obnoxious and destructive measure. But he exposed too the ridiculous Nat ure of the pretence that there could be any doubt about tie substitute which would be proposed. There is no need at All for Lije mystery pretended by or Calhoun. Or. Clay speaking for himself and Lio believed for his friends had no hesitation in announcing a United states Bank As the substitute which was called for by an overwhelming majority of the people. Or. Calhoun admitted that the Only alternative was Between the sub Treasury and a National Bank. Or. Clay sized on this acknowledge me it with eager Energy Chi Breed its truth and. Then put the question which it must be confessed was a Poser Itiat since the sub Treasury system has been so unequivocally condemned by the general voice of the nation what is there left but to establish a National Bank or. Rives Here interposed with a few remarks in which he expressed Liis opinion that there were other alternatives namely the slate Bank Deposit system and a fiscal agent Ofa different kind from the late United states Bank. Or. R. Said he was for narrowing the Field of selection As much As possible by Trovy ing out of View a measure so decidedly condemned As the sub Treasury system. Or. Rives would not on unit himself to either of these three schemes but he committed himself most decidedly to the repeal of the sub Treasury act. Tipiere is a Moit cheering Prospect of unanimity in both houses upon the subject of a National nearly the whole whig strength of the South is now in Ivor of such a measure. President Tyler will pursue the course adopted by or. Madison in Case a Bank Bill is passed. Or. Ewing will be called on for a project for a fiscal agent. Or. Clay is in Fine Lealih and spirits. Tie Advent of belter Days of bolter counsels and the reign of reason is at hand and men of experience and Wisdom and patriotism once More Rule in the Senate chamber. In Lii House of Dir. Briggs offered a Resolution directing the speaker to a Point such standing con induces As were authorized by the rules it of the lust Congress. But before the Resolution could be acted upon a message was received from the president of the United slates enclosing a report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the subject of the finances of the govern Cuenl. Or. Wise asked for the Reading of that portion of the report Wlinich related to the establishment of a fiscal agent for the Goveri unsent. Objection being made or. Wise read the parts himself. His object was to offer a Resolution calling upon the Secretary of the Treasury to report at the earliest Prancl Calile moment a plan for such fiscal agent which would not be liable to any constitutional objections. Or. Underwood moved a Resolution that it was right and proper to establish a National b tetik and to repeal the sub Treasury and directing the committee on ways and Means to report the charter of a bunk. Or. King called for a division of or. Wise s Resolution. A motion was made to Lay the report of the Secretary on the table to be a printed. A Iminter of motions were made but with out taking any definite action upon any of them the h use adjourned Over to Senate. Friday june 4. The Senate met at twelve o clock pursuant to adjournment. Or. Clay in conformity to notice previously Fiven introduced a Bill to Rej Eal the sub Treasury. It was read. On motion of or. Clay the Bill was made the special order fur monday. Or. Young presented a memorial upon which some conversation arose As to the proper Mode of proceeding with the business at this session. Or. Clay of Kentucky thought the action of the Senate should be confined to the measures for which Congress was convened. After a session of a few minutes the Senate adjourned to monday. The House did not sit to Day. Washington june 7, 1841. Sei ate. Or. Clay presented a petition from the citizens of Dahlonega Georgia for the abolition of the Branch mint there and expressing their wish that such a system of Economy be introduced. Or. Bayard from the select committee Quot on the death of Gen. Harrison Quot reported joint resolutions providing that the chair of the Senate and the seals of members shall be shrouded in Black during the present session Quot and that the members Wear the usual badge of mourning for that Lime. The resolutions also appropriate a Blank sum for the remuneration of the expenses incurred by the late president. Or. Clay of by. Offered a Resolution Liat the Secretary of the Treasury communicate to the Senate the plan of such a Bank As he had mentioned in his report. Or. Clay said he was induced to offer the Resolution by the suggestion in the report that the Secretary might devise such a Bank or fiscal a gent As would reconcile the conflicting opinions of All parties. He doubled the possibility of effecting so desirable a result but wished nevertheless to know the substance of his plans. Or. King of Ala. Had no objection to the Call but wished the Resolution to be clothed in the precise words of the Secretary which were he believed Quot a fiscal he doubled whether a Bank could be established. Or. Clay thought he had used the words of the Secretary. He had no doubt the Secretary referred to a Bank if he had used the words Quot fiscal or. Woodbury read a portion of the report to show that he had doubts in his mind whether a Bank was constitutional. Or. Clay thought the criticism hypercritical. Let the Secretary he said report the plan of such a Bank As he thinks advisable and Congress might alter it to suit their views. Or. Wright took exceptions to the Resolution first that it required the Secretary to report a plan of a Bank and secondly that it must be an incorporated Bank. Or. Calhoun wanted the Resolution to take a wider scope and not be confined to a Bank. He hoped the Secretary would be called upon to give his views in extensor. Or. Rives thought the Resolution ambiguous. He wanted a plan of Compromise with a Prospect of Recti filiation. Stich were the views of the mover he thought and such was the plan he desired. Or. Buchanan was very anxious to see Quot this fiscal agent Quot which was to work such wonders and to bring about a political millennium where the lion would lie Down with the Lamb. The constitutional objection to such a fiscal agent would be equally Strong he thought whether in Wall Street or the District of Columbia. Or. Rives having suggested an amendment or. Clay did not assent till or. Rives admitted the modification of Quot a Bank or a fiscal Benton thought the concluding part of the Resolution As opening a very wide Field when after some further modification the Resolution was adopted. Or. Merrick presented memorials from the Farmers and mechanics Bank of Georgetown and the patriotic Bank of Washington praying for a renewal of their Charters. Or. M. Also presented resolutions of the Maryland legislature on the subject of the Tariff. Or. Clay then submitted certain resolutions on which he said he did not intend to ask for consideration now if at All. They were intended As the views Ofa single individual upon subjects that were like to engage the attention of Congress a tiring the extra session. A general bankrupt Law he did not urge now because during the extra session he despaired of carrying such a measure. Or. Woodbury in reference to one expression in the Resolution Quot to consolidate the debt of the last administration Quot suggested As an addition Quot and of the or. Benton submitted some new resolutions and then called upon the Senate to take up those he had submitted Early in these Sion. On motion of or. Berrien the Senate proceeded to elect a Secretary when the vote stood As follows a. Dickens 41, a. Naudain 1, Blank 1. The Senate then allotted for an Assisi tent doorkeeper when the result was As follows Robert Beale 41, r. Anderson 2, Bessell 1. A sergeant at Anns was then allotted for and resulted As follows a. Dyer 39, Beale 2, e. J. Dyer 1.special order. Repeal of the Senate in the Scimmi ittes of the whole then went into a consideration of or. Clay s Bill to repeal the sub Treasury. Or. Clay took the floor and explained at Irr cat length that if the act was repealed the Laws of Soo 181g and 183g would be in Force. He further illustrated some difficulties that and occurred under these nets which he proposed to Amend for a time until a fiscal agent could restore the currency and make it sound. Or. Calhoun was willing to go Back to the act of 17s�which required the payment of the revenues in Gold and Silver and suggested to or. Clay some other amendments to carry out his purpose in the repeal of the sub Treasury. Or. Calhoun said the repeal of the sub Treasury would leave the Treasury under the control of the executive to which he strenuously objected. Or. Clay referred to the course of the executive in 1833, when Gen. Jackson took the ground that the Secretary of the Treasury was the creature of the executive will and that the president had a right to control the deposits which Gen. Jackson s party sustained. The whigs he said voted for the act of 183�o, As a Halfway restraining measure which Iliad some Check upon Thoj executive. His friends were n t for the Union of he purse and the sword As would soon be seen but the mischief of twelve years Experiment us on like currency could not be corrected in one lav.?. Or. Benton made some i Marks at length upon Liat was the condition of the Treasury after the deposits were removed. He Ani adverted upon the per ii of the principle now condemned by the dominant parly. Air. Calhoun called for tie Reading of a part of one of Gen. Jackson s messages declare nor that the Public deposits our rat to be under the control of Law in pursuance of which the act of 1830, he said was passed. Gen. Jackson he argued claimed no Power or. Clay would not give the executive in the Way he proposed to repeal the sub Treasury. Or. Rives then occur died the Senate for some time in expressing his views upon the condition of the Treasury in the time of and subsequent to tie removal of the deposits. The course proposed by or. Clay he argued would leave the Treasury under the control of the executive. Lie hoped nothing beyond the Mere repeal of like sub Treasury would be proposed now and that every thing beyond would be postponed till Contress had time to establish a fiscal agent. He hoped or. Clay would be Content to occupy the Neutral ground of Mere repeal without strik Duff at the slate Banks. The debate then continued till four o clock principally upon the net of 183g, and the effect of its repeal. Or. Rives and or. Barrow of Louisiana wore not disposed to a to so far As or. Clay. Or. Preston said the Only diff Renco of opinion was As to the time As All agreed that the Public Money should not to left under tiie pm tool of the executive. Or. Clay then withdrew his amendment As to the act of 1836, and or Berrien expressing a wish to take time to examine the various acts of Congress As to the custody of the Public Money the Senate adjourned. Correspondence of tie Baltimore in Trio. Washington june 8, 1s41. Ser ate. Or. Evans of Maine presented a petition in favor of a bankrupt Law and also one in favor of a bunk of the United states both from Maine. Or. Tallmadge presented resolutions from the general Assembly of new York in favor of an equal distribution of the proceeds of the Public lands. Or. Buchanan presented the memorial of Edward Biddle of Philadelphia sugar Cotinga Tuscul agent with a capital of. Three Hundred million to be raised As he recommends which was referred to the select com Millee on the subject of a fiscal agent. Or. Buchanan moved the printing of the memorial which was objected to by or. Benton As opening a door for printing tie project of every body when or. Buchanan withdrew Iii motion to print. The series of resolutions submitted some Days since by or. Benton was then taken up and passed with certain unimportant modifications. General Harrison. The joint resolutions upon the death of Gen. Harrison were then taken up and passed to a third Reading. The Treasury report. Or. Clay iia ving moved that fifteen Hundred additional copies of the report of the Secretary of the Treasury to printed or. Woodbury expressed a desire to make some remarks when or. Clay withdrew his motion for the present. The special order. The Bill to repeal the sub Treasury being taken up or. Berrien of Georgia took the floor. He was not at All satisfied with the position in which the question with the Amend intent that had been prepared presented itself. To the act of 1836, would be to go Back to 1789, which Guhl place the Public Money under the control of the executive Power to which he objected at length. But he was satisfied that the Public voice demanded the immediate repeal of the sub Treasury and the establishment of some fiscal agent to take its place and yet in the mean time he was not willing to Trust the Public Money to executive control. He hoped some measures would be hit upon to obviate these evils and yet effect what the Public demanded and the restoration of the currency too. Or. Calhoun inferred from what or. Berrien had said that he intended to vote against what both or. Clay and himself had presented in the form of amendments so As to leave the act of 1836 in operation just As it stands. Or. Berrien explained. Or. Calhoun said his objection was to leaving the Public Mon 3y under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury without the control of Law. He hoped the Secretary of the Treasury would receive an opinion from Congress Liat in the repeal of the act of 1840, the act of 1836 was to go into effect. Or. Walker of miss., would not vote for the repeal of the sub Treasury nor do any thing to re charter the state Bank system which last he had opposed from the first even when introduced under the authority of Gen. Jackson. In his hostility to the slate Bank system Mississippi heartily concurred with him. He believed a bunk of the United states had a party in his state and so had the sub Treasury but the state Banks had no party at All. He did not see tji Refore but that he should be obliged to vote against every proposition that came up. Or. Benton said gentlemen were beginning to find that they had begun at the wrong end of their business and that before they Tore do cd it would be necessary to build up. The Constitution too he thought would Puzzle Many of them in locating their fiscal agent whether they put it in the District of Columbia or elsewhere. Or. Calhoun regretted the position of or. Walker for As the sub Treasury in his opinion would be repealed his vote would be needed to get the Best system he could in its Stead. Or. Walker rejoined when or. Clay re stated the question before the Senate. There were two amendments one from himself and the other from or. Calhoun As an amendment to his amendment and the question being taken on or. Calhoun s proposition it was adopted ayes 25, noes 22, but subsequently the question being taken on the amendment As amended the whole rejected ayes 19, noes 29, whereupon the Bill stood As in its original form when first reported by or. Clay to the Senate. Or. Clay said he took it for granted something would be done to make the state �o3ank system effectual while it lasted. He himself would never vote for the system. He would have nothing to do with a Fleet of Banks. Several ineffectual propositions for amendment were then made when or. Benton having moved that the specie clause of the sub Treasury be put in the act of 183g. Or. Buchanan said he was instructed to vote against the sub Treasury and according to his ideas he must either obey or resign. He should therefore but very reluctantly Vole with or. Clay. Or. Benton s motion was negatived ayes 16, noes 30. Or. B. Then submitted another retaining the 21st Section of the sub Treasury Bill forbidding All exchanges of her Public Money but for Gold and Silver which was also negatived ayes 16, noes 30. Or. Benum then moved three other amendments to retain portions of the sub Treasury Bill which were also voted Down. Or. Benton wished for a scheme to prohibit the deficit of the Public Money in the u. S. Bank. Or. Clay said an Especial exception was beneath the dignity of conf Ress. Why except one Bank Why not add owl Creek or some other Bank the question on the Bank ayes 20, noes 28. The Bill As amended about 3 o clock was referred to the Senate and passed to be engrossed As follows yeast messes. Barnard Bates Bayard Burrien Buchanan chorale Clay of ky., _ Clayton Dixon Evans Graham hand Crayon Huntington Kerr Man Giulii by Crick Miller Morehead Phelps Potter Prentiss Preston Rives Simmons Smith or ind., Southard Talmadge while woodbridge�?29. A yes messes. Allen Benton Calhoun Clay of al., Fullon King Nicholson Pierce Sevier Smith of conn., Tappan Walker Williams Woodbury Wright Young in. On motion of or. Wright the Bill was then endorsed to be printed. The Senate then adjourned. Spouse of Repke Seiv rate via is. After the Reading of the journal ii s morning the speaker announced the following As the standing committees of which the follow ing gentlemen Are the chairmen committee on elections William Halstead. Quot ways and moans a. Fillmore. Quot Commerce John p. Kennedy. Quot Public lands we. Cost Johnson. Post Onice and Post roads Geo. N. Briggs. Quot District of columbian a. R. Under Vood. Quot judiciary Daniel d. Barnard. Quot revolutionary claims Hiland Hall. Quot Public Graham. A private land claims John Moore. Quot Leverett Saltonstall. A agriculture Edmund Deberry. Quot Indian a flairs John Quincy Adams. Quot military affairs we. C. Dawson. Quot militia George m. Keim. Quot naval affairs Henry a. Wise. Quot foreign affairs Caleb Cushing. Quot territories Garrelt Davis. Quot revolutionary pensions John Taliaferro. Quot invalid pensions Calvary Morris. Quot roads and canals Joseph Lawrence. Quot patents Thomas f. Osborne. Quot Public buildings we. W. Boardman. Quot re visa unfinished business for. James. Quot Public accounts Osmyn Baker. Quot mileage Thomas w. Williams. Select commute on currency John sergeant John Quincy Adams John Pope William Cost Johnson. William c. Dawson John m. Bolts Romulu i m. Saunders John Mckeon r. Barnwell Rhett. On motion of or. Morgan the House agreed to go into an election of officers previous to which or. Gilmer presented the petition of we. Smith Esq. Contest Init the election of Linn Banks Esq. Which was referred. 0 5-it is said that a miss Charlotte Mitchell of Georgia appeared on her wedding Day dressed entirely in silk of her own manufacturer Cap gloves stockings and dress equal to the Best Pongee. Girls do you hear that such a girl would be Worth More to a Young Man just Star liner in the world than a thousand Dollar farm and half a d it zen pianos to Boot says a thoughtful Urbana citizen. To the editors of the different Nexo papers in North America. Gentlemen you cannot do your subscribers and countrymen a greater Benefit than publishing the following method lung to destroy the Canada Thistle in your papers at least once a week that if they will Cut up the Canada Thistle one and a half inches below the surface of the ground and pull them up with the left hand As they Cut them in the full and old of the Moon in May. June july Auer st and september they certainly will destroy them they May miss some in going Over Tho ground even the first second or third time but be sure to look your ground Over every full and old Moon till you know you have destroyed the a whole. I have destroyed More than fifty thousand the last two years and now there is not one growing on the ground i have been cutting them from. May 24th, 1841. We. Chapman. No. 81 Quay st. Albany. I Hope the Farmers and owners of land will Reward you by subscribing far your pipers. The United states amp great Britain. We have taken some trouble to spread. Before our readers to Day the important correspondence Between the minister of great Britain Ond the Secretary of slate touching the Case of Mcleod and the questions of National and municipal Law Connie cited with it. We need not ask any of our readers an at eat Fye perusal of the first slate paper of any consequence from the pen of or. Webster that has been placed within the reach of the Public. We Piave read it with great satisfaction and with renewed respect Tor the patriotism As Well As the ability of the writer. We Are gratified to find. That the conduct of the government of the United states in respect to Neur trial duties both in their assertion and in their enforcement has at last been placed on its True footing before the British government and now by this publication of or Webster s letter before the whole world. The United states it will be seen so far from encouraging or in any Way count enhancing infractions of neutrality by its citizens was first among civilized nations by Legal enactments to. Provide of the punishment of such violations of National Lay on their part. This example was set by this their Young and honest government As Early As in the wars which had their the French revolution and Froni those Days of Washington to the present Day has never been contravened by any action of this . Int. Accompanying a by arts silent s Mesa Asco from the department of state. Or. Fox to or. Webster. Washington March 12, 1841.the undersigned. Her Britannic majesty s envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary is instructed by his government to make the following official communication to the government of the United states her majesty s government have bad under their consideration the correspondence that took place at Washington in december last Between the u. States Secretary of state or. Forsyth and the undersigned comprising two official letters from the undersigned to or. Forsyth dated the 13lh and 29th of december and two official letters from or. Forsyth to the undersigned dated the 2�t,hand 30lh of the same month upon the subject of the arrest and imprisonment of or. Alexander Mcleod of upper Canada by the author7 ivies of the state of new York upon a pretended charge of arson and murder As having been engaged in the capture and destruction of the Steamboat Quot Caroline Quot on the 29th of december 1837. The undersigned is directed in the first place to make known to the government of the United states that her majesty s government entirely approve of the course pursued by tie undersigned in that correspondence and of the language adopted by him in the official letters above mentioned. And the undersigned is now instructed again to demand from the government of the United states formally in the name of the British government the immediate release of or. Alexander Mcleod. The grounds upon which the British government make this demand upon the government of the United states Are these that the transaction on account of which or. Mcleod has been arrested and is to be put upon his trial was a transaction Ofa Public character planned and executed by persons duly empowered by Mer majesty s colonial authorities to take any Steps and to do any acts which might be necessary for the defence of her majesty s territories and for the Protection of her majesty s subjects and that consequently those subjects of Iler majesty who engaged in that transaction were performing an act of Public duty for which they cannot be made personally and individually answerable to the Laws and tribunals of any foreign country. The transaction in question May Havo been As Hor majesty s government Are of opinion that it was a justifiable employment of Force for the purpose of defending the British territory from the unprovoked attack Ofa band of British rebels and american pirates who having been permitted to Arm and organize themselves within the territory of the United states., had actually invaded and occupied a portion of the territory of her majesty or it May have been As alleged by or. Forsyth in his note to the undersigned of the 2 the of december Quot a most unjustifiable invasion in time of peace of the territory of the United but this is a question essentially of a political and International kind which can be discussed and settled Only Between the two governments and which the courts of Justice of the slate of new York can Nobby possibility have any Means of judging or any right of deciding. A it would be contrary to the Universal practice of civilized nations to fix individual responsibility upon persons who with the Sanction or by the order of the constituted authorities of a state engaged in military or naval enterprises in their country s cause and it is obvious that the introduction of such a principle would frightfully increase the demoralizing effects of War by mixing up with National exasperation the ferocity of personal passions and the cruelty and bitterness of individual revenge. U u her majesty s government cannot believe that the government of the United states can really intend to set an example so fraught with evil to the Community of nations and the direct tendency of which must be to bring Back into the practice of modern War atrocities which civilization and christianity have Long since banished., a. Neit Lier can her majesty s government admit for a moment the Validity of the doctrine advanced by or. Forsyth that the Federal government of the United state s has no Power to interfere in the matter in question and that the decision thereof must rest solely and entirely with the stale of new York. With the particulars of the internal compact which May exist Between the several Stales that compose he Union foreign Powers have nothing to do the relations of foreign Powers Are with the agg Effate Union that Union is to them represented by the Federal government and of that Union the Federal government is to them the Only Organ. Therefore when a fore irn Power has redress to demand for a wrong done to it by any state of the Union it is to the Federal government % and not to the separate state that such Power must look for redress for that and such foreign Power cannot admit the plea that the separate state is an Independent body Over which the Federal government has no control. It is obvious that such a doctrine if admitted would at Oxx cd go to a dissolution of the Union As far As its relations with foreign Powers Are concerned and that foreign Poi cars in such Case instead of accrediting diplomatic agents to the Federal government would Send such agents not to that government but to the government of each separate state and Yould make their relations of peace and War with each slate depend upon the result of their separate Intercourse with such state without refer Cnoc to tie relations they might have with the rest., her majesty s government apprehend that the above is not the conclusion at which the government of the United states intend to arrive yet such is the conclusion to which the arguments that have been advanced by or. Forsyth necessarily Lead. But be that As it May. Her majesty s govern Mei formally demand upon the grounds already stated the immediate release of or. Mcleod and her May Jesty s Luvern ment entreat the the United states to take into his most deliberate consideration the serious nature of the consequences which must ensue frown a rejection of this Demaid. The United states government will perceive that in demanding or. Mclend s release. Her majesty s Gover Mineni argue upon the Assumption that he Wai see 4th Page it to in a it try

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