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Indianapolis State Sentinel (Newspaper) - February 6, 1841, Indianapolis, Indiana Vol. , saturday february 6, 1841. No. 973. Edited an fungi Sivieri bad Ofil class amp ,Iii us anon for 52 300. In Quot Iid at the expiration of six , nil q3 a it Oatt he Elul of the volum i. No a incr Wil 1 ulc Swiat tie i Aro isaid. a occupied by 250fiins, 9 lines shall h Poun a Square idiot Lilii i counted loss than a Square All Over a Square and less than a Square acid a Liaf shall lie counted a Square and a half. One Dollar per Square be Chari Jed i of the first Oliree Orang less anti cents for each additional Linsor Ion. Advertise cents published by the , will be Chat de Spe Square Tor three in Otlis or six Mouths or $10 per Aii num. Merchants Druggis and others advertising by the year will of charged for two squares $15 50 for three squares a 20 for a Quarter of acol Uinn of to Loeuis $52 fora half of a Colum in $52 for Oliree fourth sofa column 605t"or a column $,06. A deduction of 20 percent will be made on advertisements Onger than a Quarter of a column the Hal Tycar or year and not altered. All advertisements Omin from abroad mus be Quot with the Cash unless to acre for in plication by a brother pub la slice. All must he marked on wit Litho number ,Orthey Willlie continued ill ordered out an charged by the insertion. The Kohlage must lie paid on All Letterst tie publishers a or Thev will not be taken onto the , february 1, 1s4l . Both houses have agreed to the Resolution proposing to adjourn on tie 15th of february. In the House on Friday tie two houses went into an election for prosecuting attorney of tie 5th judicial circuit which resulted in the election of Hugh o Neal esq., of Indianapolis. The principal part of the afternoon was spent in discussing the classification Bill. On saturday or. Lancaster from the committee on education made an Able and interesting report on the subject of appointing a general superintendent of common schools accompanied by a Bill authorizing the appointment of such officer and defining his duties. A Large portion of the Day was spent in considering the classification Bill. Gen. Harrison left Cincinnati the 2gth ult. For Quot via Sivington City. It is said Jie will Tarry a Short time in Virginia where he intends visit Iii some of his relations previous to his taking the oath of Olifice of president of the United states. Resumption in Baltimore. At a meeting of the Baltimore Banks Jan. 22, it was resolved the Richmond a. Banks concurring to resume specie payments the first of feb. This Day a in Ujj was a Legal tender in the payment of debts it was surely much safer Ami sounder he would much rather have a plug of tobacco even if it was Frost bitten although he did not use the article than a one Dollar Bill on Ipsilanti owl Creek or Brandon yet this was the precise stale of things that gentlemen he would not say the whig parly Irene rally were so anxious to bring about. Or. Contended that gentlemen could not Retreat from Titis position. If this sort of currency was to be received at All at the Post office and for other Public dues How was the distinction to be made Between the Good and the bad who were to be the judges by what Rule was the soundness of this Paer to be known what Protection would the government have against losses by the depreciation of this Beautiful currency which is Good today and Worth nothing in to Morrow. This measure said or. H., has been offered to the country As a measure of Relief. We have been told and he would Bear witness to the truth of it that great distress prevails through out the state. Summonses executions sheriffs and constables Vales at ruinous Sacri uce Are the order of the Day and this is the measure of Relief the people arc to have. Well sir let us inquire into it. If it be a Relief measure it is worthy of our consideration. The gentleman from Vigo or. Of or Rinn Fon with his accustomed Candor has told us the truth and that is hat no More Money would be in at the end of a few Mont ii a under the operation of Titis Bill than would be without it. The Only effect then it could have would be to sub tit Ute ones and twos for fives and tens. Is Thi Relief suppose the Bill pass and you return Home you Are met by your constituent whose farm is under execution. With the anxious inquiry what have you done to give Relief to the unfortunate debtor whose family is about to he turned out of doors for the want of a few Silver dollars to pay some hard hearted shylock a mall debt which he demands in the constitutional currency and you fold up your hands and coolly Tell him sir to have and your Case under consideration and have made ample provision for you. His countenance Kripli tens Joy flashes in his eyes and he anxious y enquires what is it. Why sir you will Siy we have allowed the Banks to continue in a state of suspension and have authorized them to Issue a million of dollars in Shin plasters to be substituted for their present circulation. What. Sir. Would the poor Man think of your Relief if he was not More Good natured and Gul ii to than the honest yeomanry of county he would Knock you Down for your insolence. Relief indeed it is not worthy of the name. It is an insult to the int Ellis ence of the peo Jile. You connive at suspension debase the currency with Shin plasters drive the specie from tie count rvs Price it in the Hovver of the creditor to ruin the debtor of ample for time for the want of a few Silver dollars Loc de up in your Banks or driven from among us by your then to Cap the Nimax of Absurdity and nonsense you in ult the pie he Tell intr thin it a As All for their food. Sir Tidence is the life blood of Hanks. It is As necessary to their existence As a healthy atmosphere is to the existence of the human body. Let the Bank undo stand this and shape her i urse accordingly. I said or. H., am no enemy to the Bank. I deem it to but a use full i know it can be made so. Let it prepare for giving us a currency always redeemable in Gold Silver a currency that will answer All our a currency that will not subject us to the Quot Vendor mercies of the broker and if she will do this and the Day is coming when she will to compelled to do it or surrender her privileges i care but Little what May be the size of her Bills and i would even now for the Sake of receiving this great Boon resumption agree to the Issue of Small Bills if provision were inserted for their positive and certain redemption at All times in specie. Or. Said it was not his opinion when he heard the whigs during the last canvass making declarations in favor of a sound currency that theve Vivere sincere. knew now that they were not they have admitted it in this debate. But to prove to the country what he had Long believed and was then Well established he would propose an amendment to the Bill which would place tie two parties before the country in their True positions. Or. Ii. Then Ofie Rcd his amendment As fid lows that the Bill be committed to a select Coni Marioo Lium co Provini the certain redemption of the issues contemplated by the Bill at All times in specie when presented at tie counter of the Bank and to provide such penalties As will ensure such redemption. The amendment was lost and the Bill passed. Be Widi Ein Pasisis this the Relief the peo it is supposed that the other i iary and Banks As Well a a be have been promised by this whig Legisla tui As the Virginia Banks will also immediately resume. The Virginia House of delegates have adopted a Resolution to go into the election of United states senator on the 13th of feb. To succeed or. Roine at present a senator and whose term of office will expire on the 4lh of March. The Senate being Loco Foco it is thought will not agree to the Resolution but stave olt the election until the next session in the vain Hope of being Able then to elect a senator of their own kidney. Rest Matron in i Delaware. All the Banks in Wilmington Del. Resigned specie payments on the i3th Jan. There was no run upon them. The Philadelphia Banks recently resumed specie payments. There was no run on any of them except the Girard and United states Banks and on them but Light. One Man was killed and another dangerously wounded in a mob in Dayton Ohio caused by the visit of several abolition lecturers to that town. The Hon. T. Morris late a United slates senator was one of the lecturers. Ilo inc of . Kid a Jan. 22. Remarks of or. Henley on the proposition to authorize the state Bank of Indiana to Issue one million of dollars in Small notes. Or. Henley of Clark said he was not a Little astonished to see the ground assumed by gentlemen in this debate he was at it and he thought the country would be because it was so directly at variance with the declarations of the same gentlemen before the people. During the last summer he remembered Well that the whig orators whose duty it seemed to be to enlighten the Public mind Laboured hard and he had no doubt in some instances successfully to convince the people that they were the exclusive friends of a sound circulating medium always convertible into specie and that the rascally democrats wanted to give them she plasters and rags. was glad however that gentlemen had at length shown their hands that they had finally made some Quot declarations for the Public the gentleman from Fayette or. Smith and the gentleman from Franklin or. Conwell have defined their position and he supposed it to be the True position of the Federal leaders generally but he knew it was not the doctrine of the Quot democratic Quot whigs who have hitherto acted with those gentlemen. They had in this debate shown themselves As much opposed to specie the constitutional currency of the country As John Randolph used to to to sheep and it had been said that he would get Oti Quot his horse any time and walk two rods to kick a sheep. These gentlemen had certainly travelled much further out of their Way to kick specie. Their hostility to Gold and Silver was As ill founded and As unreasonable As was the prejudice of an individual of whom he once heard against Rice. The person to whom he alluded had been drawn into a quarrel with a neighbor of his whose name was Rice a few Days afterwards he was called upon to receive a few bushels of Rice for which he had contracted and paid previous to the quarrel he was asked How it should be measured whether he would it Trike it or have it rounded Quot up As is usual in measuring that kind of Grain. answered with an oath i will strike it sir because i am determined to strike Rice wherever i find it. The frent Lemen it seemed would strike specie under All circumstances and surely there was no necessity for hitting it a rap in this debate unless it was to show their almost instinctive hatred of the article. It has been urged said or. H., that specie was troublesome and inconvenient for business and the gentleman from Owen or. I camper tells us that he Hopes and expects shortly to see the time when there will not even be a Neces pity for Rilver to pay Post Soltice accounts he would dispense with it entirely As a vulgar and useless article. and his party in this House would if they Are to be believed go for amending the Constitution so As to make their rags that Lioy .<50 much adore a Legal , and dispense entirely with this troublesome article y Cleved Gold and those refined gentlemen he thought might go still further if rags were to be made a Legal tender and were really to much better Tolian hard Money could they not go Back to the Good old limes when tobacco or do think they Are to to hum bugged with such futile and delusive promises As this if they lid they had reckoned without their Host. And when that a re Airn to mingle again with the people and to Inako Good their promises made in the late canvass Tivey would find it so. The argument snid or. In of the superiority of Small Bills Over Silver is too absurd to in Rit refutation before an intelligent people. The Only argument he had heard which was worthy of serious answer was that the Small Bills under contemplation would operate As a scare Crow to frighten away the Small Bills of other states. In proportion As these issues Touhl be better than Thijse of Ohio and Kim Tucky so was the Bill under consider Fatiori to Benefit All t Lis i Thuy was four did in error As he was prepared to show. Go said air. In to your merchants Liere and enquire of them we it kind of currency they Are most in the habit of roce Ivinia and you will he told that Ohio Kentucky and Illinois give us the most of our circulation. Go to Louisville and the paper of Indiana is abundant. Go to Cincinnati and you will find the paper of Indiana and Kentucky forms the great portion of the circulation there. In Indiana Dis As the gentleman from Marion or. Sweetser very correctly says you can scarcely obtain in outre of Indiana Paer to pay a note of five Hundred dollars in Bank. So it is throw Jirout the whole West your paper Money leaves its own neigh Hor Hood and Fecks a circulation among this though let it be borne in mind is not the natural tendency of Bank circulation. It is Brou Ruht about by an Toul arrangement of the Banks themselves to prevent their paper returning suddenly upon our diaper is sent to Ohio and Illinois theirs is sent hereby a Mutual arrangement Amon a themselves. Go to the Branch Here and obtain a discount and you Are not paid in the paper of this Branch but in that of the most diet it ant i3ranch. At fort Wayne you would receive Indianapolis paper perhaps. In Ohio you could obtain a Iwan in Small Bills on much better forms than Here if you would Promise to fetch them to Indiana to put them in circulation. And so on sir to the end of the chapter. The Banks All pursue the same policy. Instead then of banish ref the circulation of other states you would create and multiply it by this measure. It is a false and futile theory then to Sti pose that our Shin plasters would drive away those of other states because if the argument was Good the fives and tens of this state would have taken the place of and driven from circulation those of Ohio Illinois &.c., which All of us know has not been the result. The next thing or. Ii. Would notice was the argument that a Large circulation could be better kept out by Small than Large Bills. affirmed that the whole of gentlemen s opinions on this subject were founded in error and their conclusions wrong. The amount of circulation which a Bank would keep out depended upon the Confidence of the people in her solvency and not upon the size of the Bills. If Yon will restore to your Bank the Confidence she has lost by suspension she can then keep up As Large a circulation As will be desirable whether the denomination of her Bills be Large or Small. What sir was the character of your Bank one year after she commenced business her paper commanded a Premium in new Orleans in new York and Philadelphia it was at Par it was Good in any part of the country. And Why because the people had Confidence that she was solvent was in the hands of honest men and would be Well managed. But now the Case is diff Irente she cannot keep her Bills out there is a run upon her. She is driven to try Small Bills in the Hope that they can be kept among the people wit Fiquet Specic to redeem them. Can this be done i think not. Let refer gentlemen to the Wood and Woodburn Shin plasters in this Vicinity what is it admits their circulation at All it is the belief Itiat they will be redeemed. A Ould not fives of the same kind circulate quite As Well surely they would. Their use As a currency then depends upon the known or supposed ability of those who Issue them for their certain redemption and not upon the size of the Bill. So it will be with the Bank sir. The Bank is mistaken and so Are its friends if they expect to Reform the currency or give satisfaction to the country by Titis kind of their whole policy is wrong and ii though i have not been admitted into the Bank parlor nor into the secrets of its friends yet i will venture a Little wholesome advice to those gentlemen. I do not expect it to have any influence yet 1 know the people Are with to because i have heard them so express themselves. The Hank must pursue an entirely different policy to that now Proy posed if she obtains the Confidence of the people of Indiana she must first prove to them that she is Able to redeem her issues and that she is and then sir if she actually does redeem them the country will consider her Able and honest Confidence will to restored and the Bank can Quot go con Kem Akita of Witik. Cak thaw on the Bill outfit Quot a Sill to ii Bolioli capital Pii Nesli Lucile a or. Can at s remarks on the Bill to abolish capital punishment published in a previous no. Of our paper having been incorrectly remitted he has furnished us with the substance of his speech on that question for publication by Way of correction or. am opposed to this Hill because it abolishes that gradation of punishment to the different degrees of crime the preservation of which is essential to the Protection of society. The legislature it seem a to in enacting Laws should look first to the Protection of society and the particular Rennner of disposing of criminals should be a secondary co Siil ration. If capital punishment is a surer preventive of murder than confinement in the Penitentiary and Thoreby a better Protection to society it should be adhered to. Gent Lonien Contemp that it is the certainty not the amount of punishment which prevents crime. This As a naked prof position is pot True. Were and burglary Only punished by Small fines tie certainty of such punishment Vonlil not Jire vent tiie Leonir Mission of these crimes i he robber and in dlr or would not even put. Tie selves to the Erotilde of eluding the Pena Hies of such a Law. The Unis Lucent must be proportioned to the crime and any in which Breaks Down this discrimination in punish Only must endanger the peace of is City. The Export enc of England is a proof of this. During the existence of her Blo Nily code when almost every of once was uni shed with death murders a Multi Iliad to so frightful an extent that she Wii forced to it i modify her system. The highwayman not Init upon the calculating principle that Quot dead men Tell no tales Quot stained his Roli cry with the blood of his victim. Death being the Panui lenient in both crimes self preservation promo led him to this course for the purpose of increasing his chances of escape. Thai effect would be a precisely the same were All these air aces a uni i by confinement in the Penitentiary. But gentlemen contend that allium go All the it in Filfilu lers Are punished l y confinement in the a oni tertiary Sti l tune is i discrimination in the terms of their confinement. To Nemr. President it a Jears that it would Macc but Little difference to the criminal whether he was sentenced to the Penitentiary for 14 years 21, or for life. The chances Are that to would not in either Case live to see the termination of his confinement. So trifling a discrimination could not stay tie Arm of the robber or burglar in his depredations upon society. The Genile Niau from Perry says he has religious scruples upon this sul be ctr thai not re the taking of lift was recognized by the jewish Economy it was done away with by the Chris Tain. relies upon certain Bias Snipes in the new testament to sons Ain him in ins position which Are in substance e As of Linvs Quot be Piave heard Itiat it hath been said an Eye for an Eye and a tooth for a tooth but i say unto y in that unto him that Smiseth thee on the one Cheek offer also the other and him that Tabeth away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat now a or. President if this is an argument in favor of abolishing capital , it is certain la a much strop fixer one in favor of abolishing All punishment whatever for robbery larceny and assault and Battery. For As to punishment in this world for the commission of such offences it not Only Grants to the vicious a a perfect immunity but in a manner a Ropo ses to them a Bounty. This is certainly an unfair Mode of construing the scriptures and he who resorts to such a Mode can prove any thing by s limits Vuks in substance As made in the Senate on i monday the 2bth Jami Arij 1841, in reference to the plan then submitted by him for classifying the Public works of the slate and for gradually progressing with the same to completion. The original Bill reported some weeks past by or. Cravens the chairman of the modification committee having examination been recommitted with several pending amendments the same committee again reported an amended Bill which having been again amended in several particulars the Bill was at length struck out from its enacting clause. And thereupon a scheme having Bee 11 rejected to give up the works to individuals and companies upon certain conditions or. P. Proposed the following plan which on the evening of the 2gth, after much discussion of its details and numerous efforts to Amend be commit. Postpone. . Wasting ill adopted without amendment considered As engrossed read a third time and passed by a vote of 24 to 21 Quot that the Public works the completion of which is contemplated by the act of 183g, be and the same arc hereby classified in the Maimer following to wit "1st. The Whitewater canal from Brookville to the first feeder dam below Connersville together with the other unfinished contracts on said canal the Madison and Indianapolis rail Road from Vernon to Edinburg the new Albany and Vincennes Turnpike Road except the Meta Ling West of path and the two Bridges across the White Rivers the grading and Bri dining of the Turnpike Road from Greencastle through Crawfordsville to Lafayette and the Gradiner and Bri diring of the Turnpike Road from Jeffersonville through new Albany to Salem shall constitute the first class. "2d. The Central canal North from port Royal the Erie and Michigan canal from fort Wayne to the Middle Fork Reservoir in Noble county the grading and bridging of the Turnpike Road from Salem through Bedford Bloomington and so fencer to Greencastle the completion of the Cross Cut canal and the Cen trial canal from its intersection with the Cross Cut South to eve Raisville the Meta Ling of the Road Between and new Albany and Between Crawfordsville and Lafayette the completion of the rail Road from Edinburg to Indian and of the Whitewater canal to the National Road shall con Joti Tufo the second class. "3d. The completion of the Michigan and Erie canal the completion of the Central casual from port Royal Tiu Ough to the Cross Cut the completion of the Meta Ling of the Jeffersonville and Crawfordsville Turnpike Road the completion of the Indianapolis and Lafayette Turnpike Road the completion of the new Albany and Vincennes Turnpike Road the completion of the Whitewater canal to the Mouth of nettle Creek and the connection of the same with the Central canal Quot and last though not least Quot the completion of the rail Road from the depot at the top of the Hill through the Quot deep diggings Quot into the City of Madison shall constitute the third class. Provided however that nothing in this act shall be so construed As to prevent the completion at any time of that portion of the Cross Cut canal Between the eel River feeder dam and Terre haute agreeably to any provisions that May be adopted by this general Assembly. Quot provided further that nothing in this act shall be so construed As to prevent the application of the appropriations heretofore made for removing the obstructions to the navigation of the Wabash River below Vincennes. Quot provided further. That so soon As the claim of this state to the lands for the construction of the Wabash and Erie canal from Lafayette to Terre Hnuter shall be ratified by Congress said portion of said canal shall be taken up and prosecuted to completion Vav without any unnecessary delay. And the Holder of any Quot a Trifi cuff Fiven an Libor or Rio on said run re past of Lafayette upon delivering such certificate to the chief Engineer to be cancelled shall receive from said entwine or in lieu thereof smaller c certificates to an equal amount of such Denono nations As May be Lesii rated by the Holder so the lowest denomination shall not be less than fifty dollars and All said certificates whether exc ranged or not shall be receivable in payment for any of the lands sold heretofore or hereafter to be sold on account of said canal East of the Mouth of Tippecanoe River and All said certificates shall Bear interest from Date. Quot Sec. 2. All work provided Tobe done in the first class shall be first taken up and vigorously prosecuted to completion and then the work provided to be done in the second class shall he taken up and vigorously prosecuted to completion and finally the work in the third class shall be taken up and prosecuted to completion. But for the Pur Jiose of preventing a sudden discharge of and then again a sudden demand for Force unon the Public works it Liall to lawful so soon As any one work in the fir to class shall have been completed As in said class provided to take up some one work in the second class and likewise so soon As any one work in tie second class shall have been completed As in said class provided it shall be lawful to fake up some one work in the third class. Provided however. That no work in the second class shall be completed until All the work ii rein provided to be 1 done in the first class shall have been finished and i so also no work in the third class s Al be completed until nil the a Oric ii rein provided to be done in the second class shall have been finished. "3. That for the purpose of progressing with the Public works agreeably to the modified scheme herein provided the suspended debt of the s ate in the East and the securities thereof shall be converted into Cali or available assets As soon As i practicable upon the Best terms thai can be had unless the probability shall be Strong that the of tie state will be decidedly promoted by further delaying the conversion aforesaid. Synd for Furt Lier Means it shall be la a Ful to dispose of the american Bonds of the state provided however. That no Bonds Liall to disposed of to draw a greater rate of interest than six per cent per annul or u on any other terms than shall be the same to the state As Cash in hand equal in amount at least to the face of the Bonds. Provided How Ever. That All Means at the disposal of the stale at any time arising from the Eastern debt or other i of shall Ahvay be deemed Vii a the same Pirt in preference Quot Ner vation of the a i prompt payment of and there Union or. Pak Kimi said or. Pic Esi Dext a before the action of Tojo Senate is had i Titis proposition i must crave the Indus French of submitting a few observations. There is no senator upon this floor i am Well persuaded who does not painfully Seiil the perplexity of our situation important As Are the duties we have already discharged and have yet to perform a on other subjects Thev sink into almost utter insignificance when contrasted with this troublesome question. In the course of our deliberations i have often fancied to myself How Lih hts would be the hearts and Happy the faces that surround Here could we but once shake this Paral izing in fret Mare of Quot Wake up and Sec our Way clearly. The remaining business of the session would then be disposed of with an alacrity and kindly feeling no less desirable than beneficial. At an Early Day in the session this whole question was with great unanimity referred to a select committee called the Cuil Pittee on modification composed of nine senators from counties tii rough which none of the Public works Are located. This committee however not More distinguished for their disinterestedness than for their integrity experience and talents Are about despair nor if they have not despaired already of even satisfying themselves and much More of satisfying this Senate. Advanced to the Point we Ore the unwearied exertions of their honorable chairman by Day and night for several successive weeks Tell if his countenance did not now Tell it All that he is about giving up even Hope itself. The committee cannot agree to cannot agree and nothing will Ever be done if we wait to be satisfied. Or. President had to matured and passed our project and could i then find senators entirely satisfied with it i should take it to be proof positive of its injustice. We must unless we resolve to go Back and Raccus state the entire system an idea that nobody favors we must 1 say each and All of us give up some thins that is dear to us. Hence let us approach this question As we May and it is barbed at Wery Point to wound if not to wound and rankle. But to Fly from it we must not we cannot without ruin Aye More infinitely More rce cannot without disgrace. Iio Novor Milioli May All lament our Praseut pos Ture to retract or to stand still equally is to be crushed to death by the millions already piled up Mountain High upon us. Sir h?.d John Bunyan s Pilgrim who you know was bound for the celestial City Rone Back again to the scene of his former sin Ful indulgences terrified by the roaring Lions in his Way or had he Given All up and lain Down in the Quot Slough of despond Quot i expect he would have been there yet More distinguished for his groaning and the ungodly Load on his Back than for the port and bearing of honest manhood. Profiting by the experience of the past our course must to Onward if we would find speedy and increasing Relief and ultimate rest without Dishonour. To must save All we can and by adding All to it to can make the most out of it we can. The Quot Youns giant of the West Quot cannot break through All her at once but she can do As did tie god of giants with the bundle of rods that defied his strength she can separate them and break a few at a time. Yes sir she can do it and she will do it if not now the Timo of consummation is not Distant. The so Virit of the age is we cannot sit still or take the backward path if we Touhl any More than can the Gallant vessel whose engine has for the moment ceased to play remain so Iti Marv on the Rushing tide of the father of , when his Banks Are filled by the Spring floods. I cannot flatter myself or. President that the scheme just submitted is the possible but the Streur a Ali which was immediately rallied around similar Sci Ems with which i have Htu Eto fore troubled the Senate affords Assurance that it will not to unfavourably regarded when . This is a Council chamber where advice is mutually Given and received where every important question is or ought to be keenly and carefully examined turned Over and turned round before it is either adopted or rejected. The merits of no plan for adjusting this vexed question can be properly seen and appreciated until it is thoroughly canvassed and All its details unfolded and explained always keeping in View the evil to be remedied and the indispensability of a remedy and still further always remembering from the very nature of the Case that the Best possible scheme of classification in some of its details must displease every senator Here and every reflecting citizen in the state. The proposition now offered is not the Hasty production of tie moment its bearings have been pondered Over for weeks with the Aid of other senators no less distinguished for their ample experience than for their disinterested Zeal for the general let us then look into this matter for a moment. The orig final and present estimated Cost of the system of Public works projected by the act of 1836, is about18,500,000. Upon these works we have already expended about �5,310,000�?being not quite one third of the entire amount. Of this sum which is already applied to construction i find that about i $�?�3,208,038 have been applied upon the works placed in the first class to wit upon Ine w. W. Canal 002,234 rail Road 1,240,000 Quot new Albany and Vincennes Road 585,430 Quot Road from Greencastle to la fugetto 123,875 Quot Road let of Jeff Isonville to Salem 257,099 making the sum of ,$3,208,638 this expenditure immense As it is has not Only loft said works comparatively unavailable but in a predicament where great loss will be shortly sustained unless such Means As those proposed o r similar Are speedily adopted to prevent it. The reports before us exhibit that on the canal alone there is no less than .34,903 Worth of perishable materials and lock masonry built on dry foundations which will be nearly if not quite lost to the state in a few years if that work is not speedily resumed. Add to this the damages that will be claimed by and awarded to contractors upon this work by a relinquishment of their jobs under the provisions of the Law of last Winter unless some plan is devised by this legislature to enable them to resume operations within a reasonable length of Lime and also the sweeping away of unfinished embankment and the filling up of excavations by the action of the floods and the loss on this one work cannot be Les than a 150,000. The necessity of continuing operations upon the Tail rond it is believed is equally conclusive. Speaking of the divisions of the Turnpike Road from Jeffersonville to Salem and from Greencastle to Lafayette upon which it is proposed to do a Small amount of work in the first class the Board of internal Sny in the reports before us that they have Quot been left in a condition to us Tain much loss if not soon finished in the decay and loss of materials furnished Quot a and that Quot the expenditure of a Small audit finial sum would be the Means of preserving from loss much that has already been these remarks Are understood to be equally applicable to the new Albany and Vincennes Turnpike Road. Now for the purpose of preventing this immense destruction of moans already expended As Well As the damages that must unavoidably be paid upon the relinquishment of contracts and for making available As soon As possible what we have already done a this scheme has been devised and is proposed confidently trusting that by Divide nor the Burden As it does we May and safely pro Cross towards. Does we Mav Rren fining Nanri Sreiy Norcross Tov Varrs As Prev Ocania set i mat and full fruition of All our Hopes. U. All other purposes for he pre ref Carrir. To the official reports it will be it 1 of the state by toe regular and Jet the works in the first class it toe interest on the state debt. Proposed to add to the foregoing expenditures already made about the following amount of work to wit on the White water canal $375,000 rail Road 435,800 Quot new Albany and Vincennes Road 205,000 Quot Road from Greencastle to Lafayette 93,000 Quot Road from Jeffersonville to Salem 64,300 $1,173,100 in All. This expenditure will Complete 63 and one half Miles of the canal Independent of All considerations in reference to the lateral canal from Harrison to Cincinnati 25 Miles Long which the company created in Ohio for that purpose will have completed before the close of the Cominer year. It will also Complete about 64 Miles of the rail Road and upon the other roads it will not Only be the saving from destruction of a Large portion of the past expenditure but it will Render them of much available Benefit to the the distance from new Albany to Paoli is 40 Miles this is already completed As a Mcadam Turnpike the distance from there through to Vincennes the grading and bring Init of which it is proposed to compote a the two Bri Dores Over the White Rivers excepted is 64 Miles. Upon the other Road the grading and bridging of which it is also proposed to Complete the distance from Jeff Carsonville to Salem is 37 and one half Miles and from Greencastle to Lafayette is 55 Miles. Upon that portion of this Road lying Between Salem and Greencastle no expenditure has yet been made. It will be Scon then that the application of this comparatively Small expenditure to the completion of the first class nearly the whole of which is now under contract in every instance aids very essentially in running up into the very heart of the state most important thoroughfares. Nearly if not quite All of these improvements pass through tie most populous the most wealthy and of course the most heavily taxed portions of the state. And this is All As it should be. It would be very difficult to calculate and fully appreciate the value of these thoroughfares to the Interior counties in particular by affording a cheap and easy vent for their surplus productions and an equally cheap and Caay Mode of returning to the same counties their Salt Iron and other heavy importations. Need not speak of the increase of taxable property the development of dormant resources and the general Spur that it would Gilt to business and Enterprise generally. In the form of substantial wealth to the country if not in streams of treasure to be poured directly into your state coffers these expenditures will be returned to you fit to fold. It will further he observed that the residue of the work embraced in the original project is about equally divided off Quot into second and thirty classes which Are also to be prosecuted to completion in regular and Ira dual succession. The aim has been in adjusting tie work in these two classes to get As Little As possible into them upon which have been made but when made such As will not to materially affected by postponement also to give to the several portions of the different works that prominence which their value when completed would seem to demand. Conflicting claims and views have rendered Liis arrangement extremely Ditl cult and Okay in some in sauces at first View seem injudicious. By lot who May attempt an arrangement of the works into three classes or any other number of classes than Ourand avoid making the first class too Burthe Somo for the times and when he shall have accomplished the task better he will be very Road to acknowledge the difficulty of the undertaking to say the East of it. The original cause of the magnitude of the inter Nal improvement system was the jealousy which every portion of the state had that other portions would get the Start and their improvements completed and then forget or refuse to reciprocate the kindness. This jealousy is nature and will always exist to a. Greater or less extent however baneful its in a fluence May be to the state at Large and every portion of it. Unable As we Are standing in our representative capacity to surmount this obstacle entirely the Effort has been made in adjusting this classification to remove it As effectually As possible without materially prejudicing the substantial interests of the slate. Hence it will probably be seen that no work or part of work is left without reasonable Security that it will not be neglected. For instance the Complex Tion of better than 14 Miles of the White water canal taking it to the National Road and better than 30 Miles of the rail Road taking it to Indianapolis Are embraced in the second class All the works of which class will have any influence which those two works May the Able to command to secure the completion of that class. So in the third class the comple Tion of tb<3 canal seven Miles further up to Hagers town at the Mouth of nettle Creek and the connection of the same with the Central canal 40 Miles further and the completion of the rail Road through the deep Cut into Madison have their Fate embodied in the completion of the third class. We May regret and doubtless do that each work cannot be allowed to stand out alone on its own abstract merits but thus situated the Best of them whatever be its merits would not under the circumstances be Able to stand alone Long enough to be knocked Down hence i take it that he who rails in this behalf is either a District Ivy or he has yet got some very essential lessens to learn in Tho of Reat volume of human philosophy before he server himself his country or his god very beneficially. The other details and provisions of this scheme will speak for themselves satisfactorily i Trust to All who Are not ignorant of our existing Laws and regulations in reference thereto. Let observe however that the last provision which pledges irrevocably All the Means at the disposal of the state at any time and from any source in the first place whenever the same May be indispensable to preserve the Faith of the state by the regular and prompt payment of the interest on the state debt already create do in Tny e8 Kimation is Worth All the rest. Yes or. President though Spade nor pick axe May never again be struck into one of these Public works a Tsotigh the elements May wipe from the Earth s face every vestige of the millions we have expended a let no Dishonour Ever stain the state Escutcheon a though Clouds of difficulty May thicken and gather and keen distress May howl and Wail All around us until the heart sickens let us swear that these hearts shall beat no longer before our own loved state doubly loved in her hour of trial shall be and when done with this world let us swear our children upon our death Beds that As they love life and Hope for heaven they will Ever abide by the Faith of their fathers. And sir with this celestial Sundsli Neof a Clear conscience within we can laugh at Quot the pelting of the pitiless storm Quot without until our burdens shall grow Light again. Or. President i confidently believe that if we a our duty the darkest hour is already past and that hour you know is just before Day. The times Betow Ken a change at hand god Grant that it May be for the better but let it be Good bad or indifferent with Wisdom conciliation and fortitude in our counsels the Issue must be auspicious. The unexampled increase of our population the opulence of our fat and widening Fields the rapid development of our ten thousand mines of exhaust less wealth Are enough to inspire us with the most exhilarating anticipations of state Prosperity Power and Honor. We Are too Impf. Sir to Jook ii or the of gloomy a a a Jooi Quot pc tire. Our refining Sand evil forebodings make half the ills that beset our pathway. Let us then once More resolutely Betake ourselves to our duties with Clear Heads honest hearts and Strong bands and this afflicted state of ours will shortly gather a Rich and abundant Harvest of blessings. ayes and noes on the passage of or. Parker s classification Bill in the Senate were As follows . Aker Arion Beard of m., Berry Carnan Collins Dobson Elliott Everts Hackett Hanna Harris Herriott Hoover Moffatt mount Nave Parker Riley Stevenson Tannehill test Williams and wright�?24. Noes blesses. Angle Armstrong Baird of st. J., Bell Blair Carr Chamberlain Clark Cravens Eggleston new inf Hargrove Kinzer Lowe Mccord Morgan Nickel Roberts Stafford Thompson and watts�?21. On the next Day the Bill was taken up in the House and rejected by the following vote ayes messes. Ball Blair Blankenship Bowers Bowles Brenton Brown Butler of v., Byers Carr Casey Chiles Chrisman Clark of Dearborn Clark of Fountain Clark of Tippecanoe Cole Coleman Conner Defrees Dunbar Durbin Foote Freeman Graham Henley Howe Jones Kerr Lucas Mccoy Mccrillis Mcculley Montgomery of Gibson mor eran Peck Rawlings read Ritchey Rippey Rob bins Ross Rulon Saylor Sloan Smidth of Daviess and Sweetser of grant�?47. Nays messes. Atherton Bradbury Burton Butler of Cass Champer coff Een Conwell Dowling Dunn Elkins Farrington Goodenow Hamer Harding Harroh Harrison Hiatt Houghton Jenckes Lancaster Leslie Mason Miller Montgomery of Warren Newell of Fountain Newell of White North Rose Runyan Russell Schoonover Shawhan Shortridge Shoup Smith of Fayette Stanford Strat tan Sweetser of Marion Walpole Welch Wilson Woodard and or. Speaker43. To Farmers. To Totice a Lin Reby Given that on tie first saturday in feb a it Ribary 1s41 Liot a non 10 o clock a. M. And 2 o clock p. M Orojio sinks will be received at the court House in Indianapolis for Condo tin the Asylum of Marion Cortny and supporting the papers therein for the term of one year. It is designed to pay the porno a conducting the farm a reasonable for Liis services. Man with a Small family who can produce proper evidence of his character for morality Iione Siy and habits of Ini mistry will he preferred. None need apply who cannot sustain a Ood character for morality lion Sty acid habits of Industry. It a expected that applicants will to possessed of Tho necessary Means of carrying on tie farm which consists of about 60 acres of land in cultivation. By order of the Hoard of commissioners jans�?3w r. B. Duncan of k. State of ikdian., coup to a. Hendricks probate court november Emif 1840. Daniel. Ilam Bleton administrator of the estate of James c. Jones deceased f petition of insole. I. R Vency. Tie creditors of said deceased j comes now the said administrator and files his in Emoril showing the amount of assets in his hands and the Lla Bili tics of said estate whereby it appears that the Fame is insolvent and praying in and by the snid memorial for permission to a Ettle the same As insolvent wherefore it is ordered that the filing and Pendency of snid complaint of insolvency in made known to the creditors of the said deceased by a publication of this Ordor Tor six weeks successively Lii the Indiana journal a Public newspaper of general circulation printed and published at Indianapolis in Clurion county and that they to informed Thoy notify the said admin Strator of tiie existence and extent of their respective Clain i by filing the same or a succinct statement of the nature Date and description of the contract or a Sumwalt upon which the runic is founded in the office of Tho clerk of this court previous to the final distribution of the insets of the estate of Tho said decedent Cuch clip suib will be postponed in favor of More diligent creditors. Attest j. M. k. Decs Gap a �7rierba3, wife Rukcic inn left bed and boned without any cause or provocation i hereby Forward All from harbouring or Trust Iii her on nay no con it As i am Deler mixed not to pay her debts. Jauls�?p3t Quot Jacob Diirck. 1 of Winsor a rained of for Wie by Jan Daniel Lump la

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