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Indianapolis Old Line Guard (Newspaper) - October 11, 1860, Indianapolis, Indiana The Constitution the Union and the Eov Alitt of the states vol. , ii\d., thursday october ,11 1860. No. 37. The old Une guard. That they would vote against or. Douglas As the nominee. All this you have heard and i Ead. I will Only is Pic High Ash lid a it tuntion to one or two cases. Take the _ Case of geor a for example if Vou please. The t m e e in Testate of Geo a had called together a Large state , ill Diana i convention of the representatives of the democracy regularly chosen bad by a vote of More than six to by Eldek amp Harkness. Ong accredited the old delegates to Baltimore but i from that convention of 280 delegates in Georgia extracts from the spec sch of the or Douglas future. At _ _ Ujj Jug i about 40 had seceded and chosen a new set of Dele i Gates the convention at Baltimore voted to Neutral , until after Lue presidential election. I the vote of Georgia by dividing Quot the vote equally in Advance in All cases. A Between the bogus and the regular delegates and also gave the entire vote of the state to the bogus i delegates in Case the regular delegates declined to advertisements inserted at the usual rates. Vote. In your own delegation the author of the Cin i Cannati platform the old War horse of the democracy _ i \ z a n 1 i of new England the Man who to use the language extracts from the a Peen of a neral wet of our Loti sent Standard bearer a literally Quot sed Ney one of the delegates to the National it is in the Ture that we must look Fri the True i Hon. John j. or Quot Quot Quot Quot of Kentucky on the Davis lies utom the u. S. Seoul to May ugh 1860. Past. A ski Rod of five years i we a five Yeara because up to the nomination of 1 Buchans and Breckinridge at Cincinnati there was i nothing in the my tical condition of the country that 1 required from or. Douglas any Clinge from his pre Quot i curly established record of loyalty to the great dem the motion is not agreed socratic party of the entry. And up to the final convention from Massachusetts. Ever Mountain and swam every River Quot in new England in the advocacy of democratic principles and to give Success to democratic candidates was thrust from that convention upon a Mere suspicion that he i would not vote for Stephen a. Douglas. Delivered at the Breckinridge convention in Boston j you know indeed that there was another pretend see but it was Mere pretend see or. Hallett was sept. 12, 1860. Your Delegate a severe Domestic affliction had prevented his attendance at Charleston and upon Liis request his substitute had occupied his seat. Or. Hallett assumed Hift seat at Baltimore regularly accredited but his substitute drove him by vote of the convention from his seat for the reason that the substitute would vote for Stephen a. Douglas and it was feared that or. Hallett Avold not so vote. When the democracy of several states were thus disfranchised when Sulci wrongs were perpetrated then it was that the remain info delegates from seven the whining cry that comes up from a certain Quarter of official interference at the Charleston convention is without thu nation in fact. The friends of no 4d-Ministratioq Ever entered a National convention we. More Freedom to act their Independent judgment than did the friends of in Buchanan s administration. No Man Iliad Ever been Able to draw from or Buchanan even an intimation that he desired the nomination of any Pai titular Man but he always from the Date of his Ina Quot ural to this Day said that he himself teen states with very few exceptions retired and would not be a candidate. Air amp a then with this the consummation of the Charleston disruption was whimpering cry upon which to excite sympathy for an achieved. Individual about official interference at the Charleston i now gentlemen what were we As your delegates convention. Passing by this fool s Gudgeon i come to do ? by the vote of the convention no Nomina to the real cause Oto our disruption. It is not True Tion could be made by a two thirds vote therefore a that the separation took place about a Choice of men. New departure must be taken. We chose to billow the separation took place by the retirement of the where democratic principles led. Sixteen of your delegates from i Quot it states before a single ballot for delegates joined in the adoption of the majority dam the presidential wind Date was had because a demo-1 socratic platform offered by seventeen states Tcharles cratic platform was rejected. I believe that every i ton and in the nomination of the Noble ticket of Delegate from every state represented in that con i Breckinridge and Lane. Applause did we do vent on fully believed and endorsed the doctrine of right or did we do wrong you have examined our non intervention by Congress Quot either to establish or platform you have by your action this Day approved prohibit slavery in the but a strange it in All its parts. Now let us for a moment look at and new interpretation had been Given to this Doc our candidates. It has been said that they Are Dishun Trine. In an evil hour when hard pressed in debate zionist so Breckinridge and Lane Dis unionists achy by a skillful opponent a great Leader of tie party had gentlemen a disunion St could not find in the state Given to that doctrine an interpretation regarded by of Kentucky disunion air enough to sustain political most at the South and by Many at the North Asun j life for a moment. The ancestry of John c. Breck sound Illo ical and unconstitutional. To the South i Ridge from Wither spoon to this Day on the paternal this was a vital question. The friends of or. Doug j and the maternal Side alike have All been the devoted Las in that convention very unwisely As i think de-1 advocates and supporters of our Federal ter mined to make the platform the test question in the j follow j our candidate from his first appearance upon nomination and Here began All our trouble and from i the Active stage of life and you cannot find a single this alone has resulted our disruption. The South i act that is not full of patriotic Devotion to our confederacy. Behold him surrounded by All the ties that bind men to Domestic life with a Young wife and family just entering upon a Brilliant professional career amid Kindred and friends. Behold him thus situated when the Quot blast of War sounds in his ears Quot asked for no intervention by Congress either to establish or prohibit slavery for no slave code but simply and Only for equal Protection to persons and property wherever the Federal government held and exer i a the sovereignty. The committee of the convention by a majority which i represented seventeen states and All these certain to cast their elector Al votes for our nominees Rej arted resolutions As follows to wit resolved that the platform adopted by the democratic party at Cincinnati be affix med with the following explanatory resolutions 1. That the government of a territory organized by an act of Congress is provisional and temporary and during its existence All citizens of the United states have an equal right to Settle with their property in the territory without the rights either of son or property being destroyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation. 2. That it is the duty of the Federal government in All its departments to protect when necessary the rights of persons and property in the territories and wherever else its constitutional authority extends. 3. That whenever the settlers of a territory having an adequate population form a state Constitution the right of sovereignty commences and being consummated by admission into the Union they stand on when tidings come that the Little army of the Republic was in danger on the inhospitable Fields of Mexico. With what alacrity he Tore himself from wife from Home from profession from personal Comfort and profit to enlist As a Volunteer to Rescue from peril your armies and to save untarnished the Flag and the Honor of these states. Was this the act of a disunion St see him returning from the Battle Field quietly laying Down his commission to resume a ostentatiously his profession observe How quickly the Gallant sons of old Kentucky forced him into political life follow and observe him doing Battle for the Constitution and for democratic principles in the legislature of Kentucky on the floor of the House of representatives at Washington witness his enthusiastic nomination at the Cincinnati convention. At that convention were the whole party Dis unionists ? again observe with what Noble bearing and statesmanlike dignity he has presided Over that August body the Senate for the last three year hear him when the Senate were about to leave the old Senate Cham an equal footing with the people of other states and uie Oil Oei be i Nam the state of a sized ought to be admitted into the to Toke Possession of the new Senate Hall speak feeders Union whether Quot its Constitution prohibits or a ads of moving eloquence of your Webster of. E. Clay Calhoun and their co Peers who had fought recognizes the institution of slavery. The Battles of the giants for our Constitution and the Union hear him invoke the blessings of heaven upon our Union our confederacy hear him express the Hope in language that stirs the Depths of the soul i ask you now As fair minded men could the South be equals under the common government if denied the right of Protection of persons and property where the common government holds jurisdiction i ask you As fair minded men if the government of a territory is not Quot provisional and temporary Quot and whether As once alleged by or. Douglas in reference to Utah Congress cannot abolish and repeal a territorial government ? and if so does not the sovereignty Over the territories reside in Congress Are not the executive judicial and legislative offices of a territorial a government All paid from the Federal Treasury would you gentlemen cod Der a government of any use to you that should deny to you where that government was supreme Protection in person and property the delegates from the South asked for nothing More than an acknowledgement of this right of equal Protection and they would take nothing less. For one i believed that this was due to them by our constitutional agreements and i voted first and Jast and All the time in favor of recognizing these Rigits in our platform. You gentlemen Are practical men. I ask you then if there is any practical common sense in the theory that Congress can create an agent or endow a sub or a late authority that she herself does not possess gentlemen there is no constitutional Law no practical Wisdom no common sense in this Dogma of Quot squatter but to return. Upon the refusal to recognize the co equal Rigl jts of the people of All the states in All that relates to Pei sons or property wherever the Federal government has jurisdiction the delegates from eight states retired from the convention Here then and upon this question the disruption of the democratic convention took place Mark of before a single vote for a presidential nominee lad been Given. After the retirement of the delegates of these states the great question forced upon those delegates remaining was whether we should scatter and dissolve in mass or Endeavor to reunite the glorious old party upon a constitutional platform m f under the Lead of the old democratic state of Virginia we decided to Endeavor to i a unit the party. Therefore we voted so As to prevent the nomination of the Man whose leadership As we believed had caused our disruption. Tiie continuance of the convention at Charleston was secured by the adoption of a Resolution requiring a vote of two thirds of the whole electoral College to make a nomination. Acting under this we balloted and finally adjourned with a Resolution inviting the unrepresented states to Send delegates to Baltimore. We hoped that we should there meet with fraternal feelings after our recess and that with full numbers we could once More erect a common Standard of principles and with closed ranks under common Standard bearers we could again go Forth to Victory Over the enemies of our constitutional Union. We had from time to time during the recess the encouraging news thai state after state had held conventions and while approving the action of their delegates upon the platform that they Lead accredited a their delegates to Baltimore and therefore we had every reason to suppose that they would be welcomed Back with rejoicing and that we should once More be a National convention. But How deeply were these Bright Hopes disappointed. The retirement of fifty three delegates from eight states Lead kept the voting control of the convention in the bands of those who followed the mad ambition of tie Leader who had distracted and divided us and As if by Cool design to add injury and insult to a denial of Equality of rights the delegates accredited by new credentials were denied admission to our convention for no other spawn than that it was supposed a that when those half should Moulder in decay another Senate might find still newer Halls in which to legislate Over these and other added states in More extended and perpetuated Union. Observe and Ponder and then Tell me if these Are the acts or Woi is of a disunion St ? nay More hear him say to those with whom he has dwelt from childhood that to Quot never uttered a word or breathed a thought not full of Devotion to the applause How about honest Joe Lane ? was he a disunion St when he met the hostile charge of your enemies on the Battle Field of Buena Vista was he a disunion St when he traversed the almost unexplored regions West of the is Mississippi to organize a territorial government on the Distant shores of the Pacific ? has he won the character of a disunion St by any such word or deed while upholding the Equality of the states and tie people of All the states upon the floor of the Senate chamber no no gentlemen. What two men of the age of these two in our country could we have selected who have evinced More strikingly Fidelity to our Union ? what two that can More stir the spirit of a Patriot As he reviews their acts words and deeds in your behalf let us then testify our own Devotion to our country by doing All that we can to sustain the Noble candidates whom we support while we at the same time and by the same action rebuke this foul Demon of detraction which would sacrifice Pei Sonal character patriotic Merit the democratic party the Union itself to gratify a mad and hot ambition. Thanking you for the patient and cheering manner in which you have heard me i bid you god Speed in the Noble cause of battling for the equal rights of the people of the states under the leadership of Breckinridge and from Kentucky governor Powell has i a turned from a tour through the first District and brings cheering accounts of the prospects of the National democracy in the old Gibralter of Kentucky. He addressed Large assemblies of people in almost every Quot county in the District. The Camp fires Are burning brightly the friends of equal rights Are thoroughly aroused and armed and ready for the fray. The governor addressed a Large meeting at Morganfield last saturday. The old first will give Breckinridge and Lane a majority of three thousand. Breckinridge and Lane have truth and right on their Side and their supporters have Only to act the people understand our platform and our position on the vital Issue of the canvass and Kentucky will cast her vote in november for the Gallant Chau pions of of the Equality of All the people of All the states in the common territories the common property of All the states. Our electors and speakers All Over the state Are doing Gallant service and every Day we hear of numbers of both Bell men and Douglas men coming Over to Breckinridge and Lane. Wilile this is Gratifying to us it is not surprising for the fact is every Day becoming More apparent to the patriotic masses that Breck Indge is the Only contending Man against Lincoln the representative and candidate of the Quot irrepressible conflict Quot party of the North. Kentucky will go for Breckinridge in november acid if he carries Kentucky be will he the next a and Fairnon he Porter. The presiding officer. To and the resolutions of the senator from missis-1 vote of the Cincinnati convention it was the Hope a Sippi or. Davis Are before the Senate on which the patently Well founded of or. Douglas and his friends. Senator from Kentucky or. Crittenden is entitled to the floor. Or. Crittenden. Or. President it is not my purpose to make a speech. I have no prepared speech nor any preparation for a speech. I desire Only to the people of the territories to confiscate these rights Clear through from the beginning and the states can demonstrate with ease and certainty either or both of these contradictions. But did it never occur to those honest gentlemen who Are so indignant at those who charged unsoundness on or. Douglas that the Mere fact of doubt or uncertainty in regard to the Poat Tiou of a Public Man so prominent As or. Douglas is itself a serious reflection on his Chai Acter can any one in All this Broad land have the so go test doubt in regard to the a position of or. Breckinridge he says Southern citizens must have the Protection for Quot slave Quot property that is accorded to other property in the common territories of the Union while Lincoln represent the exactly opposite position. No one not one citizen in the whole Republic has the slightest doubt or uncertainty in regard to either however ignorant he May be in regard to the consequences involved in the position of the great anti slaver Ite. But that he would receive the nomination of that convention. But he did not receive that nomination and the hour of his destiny struck. J from that moment his return in 1858 to the u. S. J nor any preparation Lor a Sucech. I. Suesue Siuy to Senate became the au-engro3sing subject of his j c a \ j express no it views in relation to certain particular thoughts and plans. Illinois had within a few years a pings made a que tons that have been presented with some prom-1 received an immense immigration composed chief of a declaration that seems to place him fair and Mare Mence m the course of this Long debate and one of people from sections of the country where abolition a he county. He said the people of a Lem the most interesting and important of these questions i it sni was and is the favorite political idea. And this j is that which affects the relation existing Between a i abolition influence was gaining ground in Ali Lois eve-1 territorial government and the government of the a month by an increasing ratio of growth. It was United states. It is supposed by some As it seems even then doubtful if upon a stand up test vote be that those territorial governments when organized democrats and the opposition Illinois was i under the authority of Congress have certain inde to democracy. Indeed or. Buchanan s pendent Powers of their own not conferred but in a be in Illinois fell behind the United vote of Fremont Herent in them As a sort of sovereignty or political Fiumora. Over Kyj Een Aooie Narf in nuts. It was before the county. Tory could admit or exclude Quot slave Quot property As they pleased or they could confiscate the property and trample on the rights of citizens of Sovereign states As their caprices or fancies might a Raint and there was no help for York Day Book. Power Independent of May have been con i thus rendered certain that the Retura of or. Douglas j termed by express delegation of Congress. Of the u. S. Senate depended upon the degree to at a 1 .1, u i aft it j which he could Indira late flu self with the old line my idea upon that subject or. President without i i i a. A i. I i 11 a 1 a fit 1 it x Hirs and through the exercise of the balance of a Shadow of doubt is that a Lerr tonal government a Huaian a. 1 n 1 1 1 a i Power lieu m them secure such a Comdr Exilou of at is the Mere creature of Congress made and fashioned f. A it a i t i of 1 i. I a i l i lairs in i Nakrsi i the tre neral Assembly of 1858-9, As by Congress As it pleases with what functions it i �?z�?z1,1 of or be a t a ii 1 a i. I would secure jus. Jar. Douglas let uru to the sen pleases with what Power it thinks proper to Confer 11� i that All these Powers arc liable to be resumed at and 1 a t time or to be fashioned and cont round and changed a tit. / prospects were such. At the pleasure of co Feness and according to its Dis Quot Quot or at resources and the i Outh and they sacrilegious by invoke the name of Crecioni of course the is no Sovereign buy or parti . A .1 11� 1 1 to s period Jar. Soufflas had said to the increase Cleof sovereignty m the ice Story All is a Mere Del of Republican and abolition voters of 111? passages from Gen. Jackson s messages proclamation and Farewell address. In these Days of political declension says the Huntsville Democrat some men prove their love of free government by indefinite submission to wrong government their love of liberality by unlimited i Conise in Ibeling the True men of the South who unflinchingly demand All their constitutional rights and their love of Union with the North by Dis uniting with negation of Power and is in subordination at All tunes ii a i 1 or it n 11 1 a ,.,1 i 1, t 1 a Nois Quot alter us the Isoo Ltd. But with All the reckless to the Congress of the United Stales. I know of no of a. A a i u Viva 1 a 1 for a of the Brench King or. Douglas had a tacit to preme Power or yer eighty. They have to form pm a part no de Gate 1, in the people. As to that part their it was a Mastery they have delegated that is m Congress and a us do full Justice. Never was the Here is tie dispose upon of uie whole Sovereign supreme self preservation More successfully Appeal Power of his country. None has been delegated to. Oin the bosom of mortal Man. And suppose he any one else. None certainly has been delegated to broken with the administration upon the Lerr tonal governments. Hypothesis could he Hope to be returned to his they Are As i first stated the Mere creatures of con place Quot in the Senate ? clearly upon none. It was Gress without any Power any function except what already settled that the administration would not Congress by the act establish King that government chive the support of Illinois. It Only remained to As has pleased to Grant and that always held at the Are certain whether by abandoning the administration bit Ament of Congress itself. There can be no other and the part Douglas could obtain the support there is no place in our written system of Laws Lor it. Of the whigs and retain enough of the democratic the people is the original and natural source of All strength of Illinois to Cany him safely through the a this sovereignty. All remains in them except what preaching senatorial combat. As the Lour of that they have granted. They have granted no portion of i conflict came the Prospect grew less and less cheer it except to the general government. Cert ably eng to the friends of or. Douglas and the nomination they have granted none to the territorial govern i at last of or. Lincoln instead of some blatant Aioli ments. The whole practical sovereignty of the coun zionist like Lovejoy As the competitor of or. Douglas try Over its territories is vested in the Congress of Lent no cheerfulness to the scene the United states then what they have granted to j but again or. Douglas great sagacity and Cool the territories belongs to the territories and nothing j Ness came to his support. The Arena was open. Tjie More. That is my idea on the subject. Congress in j lists were drawn and or. Lincoln was on the ground constituting the territorial government May Grant j ready to receive the Little giant s charge. He How just so much As it pleases of the Power of legislation j Cheri fought shy kept out of the Way and waited and any other to govern to the territorial govern for Quot honest Abe Quot to strike first. At last Quot honest ment and the territorial government May exercise Abe Quot did strike. It was on the 18th of june in the whatever is granted to it. If Congress had the pow year of Grace 1858, and in these memorable words or for instance of expelling or excluding slavery from j Quot be must take a position looking to the tit image extinct the territories they might Grant even that to the ter Tion of or. Douglas was at new York i Topial government. J waiting at the end of the Telegraph wire and when not wasting any More time upon this subject i these words reached Lipini Richan d was himself again wish to Call the attention of the Senate for a moment he knew intimately the people of Illinois and that to a Calm consideration of the real grievance at which however much they might be opposed to the position these resolutions Are aimed and for the correction of j of or. Buchanan they were not yet ready to endorse which they Are intended. What is that sir the this View of or. Lincoln and he accordingly Quot went grievance complained of is that slave property in the i we All know the result of the most splendid and territories is left not Only without adequate i Otec terrific political contest Ever fought on this continent Tion or May be left without adequate Protection but the nation held its breath and followed the Champi May be left to measures of the territorial government on of the fight to Ottoway from Ottowa to Freeport impairing the right of property in slaves. That is the j a but there the agony ended. Those four simple grievance. It is an apprehension that the territories questions of or. Lincoln had the terrible Talisman of will not give Laws adequate to the Protection of such Ithuriel s Spear Anil under their fatal touch the giant propert3 but on the contrary May. Act against that developed into a miserable squatter Sovereign present property by hostile or unfriendly legislation. That is ing tie anomalous aspect of an aspirant to the chief the apprehended evil. As the territorial government has no Sovereign or Independent right to act on this subject the supreme court of the United states having determined that every citizen of the United states May go into that territory his slaves with him and holding . Them there my opinion is that the Constitution is to Sung Quot the Day of my destiny s Over magistracy of the Union who believed that a convocation of settlers on the Public lands had a legislative Power that the whole Force of the government in All its branches legislative executive and judicial could not gainsay or resist. On that night poor Douglas might have said or no Quot the Day of my destiny s Over Quot More truthful-1 protect that property which it has authorized to go by than Ever Byron did. He won or rather or. There. Of course that is a logical conclusion. It j Lincoln lost the battled but or. Douglas can led with seems to me it is unquestionable. To assert my right i him the gaping wound which no human hand could to go there to carry my property there and to enjoy heal and of which he a lied two years afterwards at that property and then to say there is anybody j Charleston in South Carolina. Stronger or mightier or More Sovereign than the con that he is dead there can be no doubt. But that Stit ution that can take Froni me that which the con he is a very troublesome Corpse we will Wilmit As read Sti Sutlon says i shall have and enjoy or shall expel me ily As Prentice irises us to and it Only i emans for from the place where the Constitution says i May go is to say now in a few words that i or. Do Tiglas eve i can imagine nothing so inconsistent and so Contra a Dws come to life again it will be by Iii being dict Oil. I say therefore when the proper or extreme identified with a possibly successful opposition to the Case occurs when property going there under the democratic party and that in a future contest it will Sanction of the Constitution As interpreted by the r.,� supreme court of the United states shall require such Intel position that it is the duty of Congress to interpose and Grant Protection. Give it and give it adequately. That is my opinion. A the question of the right of such property to be held and to exist in a territory is so firmly established that i cannot conceive any territorial legislature will so far consider itself warranted in usurping the Power of expelling the slaves which the Constitution has said by interpretation of the Federal court to be sure May be carried and May be held there. That would require Only that we should repeal that Law. That i would be perfectly willing to do. A a it May be said upon principle in general that the local government is the government Best qualified to take care of the local interests of the country in which they govern. Here is one subject however placed beyond their control slavery. They Are taught that this is property and entitled to Protection As such. I do tie old hero of the Hermitage whose motto was nothing that is not clearly right and submit to nothing that is wrong Quot a to Sanction their errors. It is True that general Jackson like every genuine Patriot loved the Union of our fathers the Federal Union the Union As a constitutional con oct whose provisions were faithfully and fraternally observed by each and All the parties to it but we defy the pit auction of anything from the pen or Tongue of the old hero to justify submission by any one sect on to the another Section the Federal government. He said not Quot the Union Quot As Ozien quoted not any sort of a Union however oppressive a but the Union our fathers framed Quot the Federal Union it must be How he meant that it must be preserved May be gathered from the following extracts nor is our government to be Fra Intini ror cur Union preserved by invasions of the rights and Powers of the several states. In thus attempting to make our general government Strong we make it weak. Its True strength consists in leaving individuals and states As much As possible to themselves in making itself Felt not in its Power but in its Beneficence not in its control but in its profit Tiou not in binding the states More closely to the Center but leaving each to move unobstructed in its proper i Bank veto. July 10, 1832. But the Constitution cannot be maintained nor the Union preserved in opposition to pub c feelings by the Mere exertion of the Coli Cive Powers confided to the general government. The foundations must be Laid in the affections of the people in the Security it gives to life Chai Acter and property in every part of Tho country and in the fraternal attachment which the citizens of the several states Bear one to another As members of one political family mutually contributing to promote the happiness of each other. A but each state has the unquestionable right to regulate its own internal concerns according to its own pleasure and while it does not interfere with the rights of the people of other states or the rights of the Union every state must be the sole judge of the measures proper to secure the safety of its citizens and promote their happiness and All a fibres on the part of the people of other states to cast odium upon their institutions and All measures calculated to disturb their rights of property or to put in jeopardy their peace and internal Tranquility Are in direct Oppolt it Ilion to the spirit in which the Union was formed and must endanger its s fare Icell address. It is line that cases May be imagined ius closing such a settled purpose of usurpation and oppression on the part of the government As would justify an Appeal to eights in 1851. The doctrine of Protection who has changed be in his Power to say to his now friends make me what i once was a great Leader in Liis fight or i will be the death of you. It is we repeat to this possible future contingency that we Are to look for an explanation of the Couise that or Douglas is now stale Democrat. Not mean to make any question about property in slaves or property in the service of slaves. It is a one and the same thing and i imagine that the slaveholder does not care How it is denominated so thai the substance of his right to the practical enjoyment of it is left to him. If the gentlemen on the other Side of the chamber reject the idea of property in Man and say that it is but property in the service of Man As service is All that can be obtained from the slaves it is perfectly equivalent in my judgment and for one i would be perfectly satisfied with that. That property is to be protected and must be protected when necessary but i confess like the gentleman from Georgia or. Toombs i should be very slow to interpose the positive authority of this government unless the Case was one imperiously and by necessity As it were demanding it. Would try Osiier Means even to the abolition of Tho territorial government and a change of its form a change of its administrators but Protection at last the Man is entitled to and if the government cannot give it to him or tanks it would be detrimental to the interests of the nation to forbear in consequence of great National evils that might be anticipated let them pursue that Dicy. The Salus Populis is at last Theja Reat Law of All communities of All nations. It must influence Pur interpretations and our considerations of All communities of Mere expediency. If the government does not think proper to ingenere and furnish let the government indemnify the citizen for the wrong he has suffered. There might be canes of that a Ort. Position of or. Douglas. It is really amusing to witness the of torts of the 1 Washington states and Union and other Quot National Quot j Douglas organs to prove the nationality of their candidate. The Douglas journals of the North have no trouble whatever. They March straight ahead. They admit or imply that Quot slavery Quot is an evil but that they have nothing to do with. They Only desire to carry out the Quot great principle Quot of popular sovereignty in the territories which they Are stupid enough to relieve or dishonest enough to pretend to believe is the Kroijer solution of the great question of the Day. And the Douglas organs in the South or a portion of them at least Are equally straightforward. They ridicule popular sovereignty or rather the Humbug thus named and declare for the dred Scott decision and equal rights in the territories. But the Washington states and similar Quot National Quot journals Are constantly striving to present their candidates As in favor of both these things that is willing to stand by the dred Scott decision and the Quot great principle Quot of popular sovereignty at the same time. One Day they will have an elaborate article to prove that judge Douglas endorses the dred Scott decision and quote Long and dreary extracts from his speeches to slow the injustice of the j Breckinridge press which charges the contrary on the i Little Blino Isian. The next Day they Are equally ear on the 28th Day of May 1851, a state convention of the Southern rights party assembled at the Capitol in Lillet Leeville a. A committee of Twenty four was appointed by the chair to report business for the action of the convention. On the committee was James Gardner from Richmond. The committee made a length report embracing a series of resolutions. Nos. 1, 5 and 6 Are As follows 4. Resolved that each state in View of the voluntary nature of the Union has the right in virtue of its Independence and sovereignty of seceding from the Union lie never the people thereof in their Sovereign capacity shall determine such a step to be necessary to e Fleet their safety or happiness and of consequence that the general government has no authority to Wattem t by military Force or otherwise to restrain a state m the exercise of such Sovereign right. 5. Resolved that whenever the government by an exertion of the common Force of All or an application of the common funds of All acquires tent Oil it is the duty of that government to secure to All Equality of right s in such territory and to remove All impediments within is Power to the enjoyment of the Equality of rights. 6. Resolved that the Federal government a no right to withhold its Protection from any species of property or Section of the confederacy and that any attempt to do so will As clearly evince the hostility of the government to that property or Section As would any act of legislative hostility. On this committee of Twenty four was John Forsyth now the Douglas Leader of the state of Alabama. Herschel v. Johnson supported gov. Mcdonald and this platform on which he was nominated. What will messes. Gardner Forsyth and Johnson say now ? will they take Back the declaration of principles thus solemnly made in 1851 ? they were the leaders of the party press in Georgia when these principles were enunciated and their columns remix actively will show that they maintained them through tie contest of 1851 with All their milled evilly a and Brec Enridge. None claim for him achy vote for or. Douglas Flidr sup it of Quot non intervene a electoral vote. In the North enthusiastic Tenn Quot Nyrl a Liow Tufti Ean Dulatt has always Faith friends cling to a Hope of Uli Nois and Indiana. Vve Tion Quot and show that their candidate has always Faith fully stood on this ground and denied that the Goy Ernie tit could protect the rights of All citizens within the Federal jurisdiction. Well this is rather a sorry business certainly to insist that a Public Man is and always has been consistent on a great question and. At the same time can be quoted As on both sides of it but it is a True sex sit Ion of Douglaas and in perfect Jaccoi d with Nis record Lor several years past. He has been for equal rights and non intervention us Fop the dred Scott de Cine ii and the Quot great principle Quot of governing themselves in their own Way for assuring to Southern Cit friends cling Are not so hopeful 1but it does not affect our argument to concede to him the vote of those states. Twenty five votes wll not elect him arid Illin Ltd and Indiana cannot give him More than that number. If Lincoln can be Defeated in new York Douglas will receive part of the vote of that state but that does not raise him into formidable Competition for the pre Dency. His vote in that improbable contingency will not exceed thirty five or fort v. He therefore big no earthly Prospect and cannot to get elected in any Contin gency. Who vote for or. Breckinridge because he is Vav its lit a Fidi "t�7--�s� vhf a o Izenie All their rights in the to a tories and the jew eve of i now certain of three fort i. Of the entire 5i�itli#tn

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