Page 1 of 10 May 1884 Issue of Indianapolis Monroes Iron Clad Age in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Monroes Iron Clad Age (Newspaper) - May 10, 1884, Indianapolis, Indiana Indiana state Libra to a a with few . B. Monroe m. D. Proprietor. Vol. 29-Lsro. 7.i sri , iistd., a turd a. A y to 1884. A year work behind the curtain. The step taken with a new play before it is in which the actors do not act but read their parts on a Bare of the players about their parts. A y. Sun. That the real work on a play begins after it has been written is a saying which among managers has passed into an aphorism. And if the author of a play has sufficient knowledge of acting or stage management to direct his own piece he will find to his sorrow How True is the statement. If doubtful of his own abilities he entrusts the task to another he will suffer tortures As he sees his work ruthlessly slashed altered and rearranged till he begins to fancy that no semblance of his original and of course Beautiful ideas will be left. After a manager has accepted an original play a bold step of which in new York he is Seldom guilty the usual style of proceeding is to Call the whole company together to hear a Reading. This generally takes place in the Green room if quiere is oae Large enough and in a not upon the stage the Reader moving his Back to the foot Light and the be Many being ran de around him in Naeemi Circle strongly suggestive of the first part of a minstrel Shaw. If the author himself As the read he is regarded with gei3tle pity by the ladies and slightly concealed hostility by the men. It is hard to understand the reason but the average actor looks upon the author As a deadly enemy. Still As the author May have something to do in the distribution of parts they do not deem it Wise to offend him. Therefore the leading lady will frequently and languish singly smile upon him the comedienne who invariably thinks that she ought to play Quot serious business Quot will Harrow his soul with her sentimental glances the heavy Man will Wear his most determinedly no Llian Ous scowl and the character actor i i try to look much Funo Aier than the Low comedian indeed the latter generally wears a sad and resigned air. It appears to be a Point of Honor with the members of an established Stock company never to show any emotion at the Reading of a pity. Passages of the most Ampaw signal feeling or Tihe wittiest lines will leave them Al jute unmoved. At the of such act a general sigh of Relief May be a noticed and after the final word the company will Breal lip sadly into knots the members of which look so Mour fial that a stranger unused to their ways Woi wild think each one of them had lost his or her Best Friend. Actors As a Rule Are pessimists Enid the author or manager who locks for encouragement trom his company will be sadly disappointed. But this Dinimal aspect of the cons any is far More a Maer of manner than of feeling. Possibly one or iwo who have clearly defined a lines it of Busi Ziess May know what parts ii hey Are going to Plajer but the a Esthers Are busily of espied trying to guess what will come to them avoid any who think they know Are so intent on following their own special lines that the general Bear ing of the play is lost upon them. Immediately after the first Reading it is customary to distribute the parts. Each actor As he goes to the table and. Receives Hie part weighs it in his hand looks at the number of pages and retires with the manner of a Inan taking his de Fath. Warent away for private perusal. He usually feels that he 4 has been miscast Ana that he could do Ever so much better Vith some other role. Sometimes the parts r Are not distributed until the next Day and in that Case the intervening hours will be filled with terror to the manager. Threats entreaties coaxing and influence of every kind will be brought to Bear by those who have taken fancies to special characters. Each member of the company regards his neighbor As a secret enemy and an armed neutrality reigns for a Brief space where formerly All was Friendship. Nor is this anxiety about parts at All to be wondered at. The getting of an effective character May in these Days of Long runs and easily arranged starring Tours result in the foundation of an actor s Fortune while even if no permanent Benefit is obtained the playing of a Good part for one or two Hundred nights is infinitely More agreeable than playing a bad one. No person who has not tried it can imagine what hard and painful work it is to go on night after night in a Long Quot Talky Quot part in which it is either impossible to gain laughter or applause. Other characters especially wearing on actors Are those which Only appear in the first and last acts of pieces. Yet such Are frequently necessary and Are often of great importance. In the banker s Dau Ter Quot which had a run at the Union Square theatre there were two such parts which fell to people As eminent As or. Stoddard and mrs. Phillips. To sit for two hours with nothing to do in a Small hot and ii ventilated dressing room is anything but agreeable. Imagine it having to be done for hundreds of nights. The next step after the distribution of parts is the Reading or comparing them with the manuscript. At this no acting is attempted. Each actor reads his or her speech in its order and the prompter closely follows the readings on the manuscript. Usually some mistakes Are found and it is Wise to Correct these before the actor begins to study As an error once committed to memory is difficult to remove. The copying or As it is technically called the Quot taking out Quot of parts from a manuscript is a business which requires considerable experience. The Cue or last words of a speech on which the actor meters Are first written then the speeches in order with Between them the ones to which they answer. The part also contains fully written iut the Quot business Quot or action in which the performer has share and indicates the positions be is to occupy at different times. An actor always Speaks of Hie part As being so Many a length is forty two lines of written matter including the cues Wirich he has to memorize the same As his own speeches. Leading parts such As the male and female Lead the comedian and tiie heavy Man will average in a modern play from eighteen to Twenty lengths or about 800 lines. The rapidity with which some actors can commit these to memory is wonderful. Instances have been known where owing to Accident or sudden sickness on the part of another his substitute has Learnt a part of 800 in three hours. After the comparing of parts the regular business of. Rehearsing begins. Several Days the actors read from their parts. No scenes Are set and substitute properties in the shape of common wooden chairs and tables Are used when required. It is during these Early rehear aels that the a Quot business Quot of the play is matured. Unless an author is a very experienced actor and stage manager he can not determine when writing what is the most approx ria to tips and when the Best thine for performing it even the Ablest Meo like or. Boucicaut or or. Wallack will find from Day to Day improvements in the when and where actors should Quot Cross Quot or pass each other when stand when sit when embrace when Retreat when approach when turn up stage and when move in the opposite Dii Section Are Only a few of the Points to be determined and it requires the feeling of a dramatist and the Eye of an artist to arrange these most effectively. So Long As the actors hold their parts their treatment of the actual Quot business Quot is particularly unreal. The villain will say to the hero Quot that is where i Knock you Down Quot and the hero bending one knee slightly will reply Quot yes now i m the comedian coldly announces to the Soubrette Quot now i kiss you twice and you put both arms around my neck Quot and she answers Quot All right Quot but makes no motion. During these preliminary rehearsals too the Best time for appropriate music is settled and the Leader of the orchestra is told the nature of the Strain required. The next step in Progress is when rehearsals Are called Quot for certain of the acts Quot without books. The actors then stumble through their Liniaus with More or less prompting and Are in a condition which is known As Quot rough perfect Quot about this time top it is usual to set the stage with substitute scenes so that the actors can get better ideas of their positions than they could previously upon a Bare stage. The scenes actually employed in the representations Are very Seldom used at More than one or two rehearsals. Generally they Are in the hands of the artist till almost the last Day and if he is one of great reputation he Obj i to to the Chance of having the Bloom rubbed off before they Are seen by the Public. At the last two rehearsals and in some theatres at More it is customary to have every scene and Quot property Quot Complete the Gas lighted and a perfect performance at which Only the audience is lacking is Given. In plays that Call for fancy dresses it is usual to have a dress rehearsal but in those Laid in the present Day the actors Wear their Street clothes. During the preparation of the play be duties of the stage manager Are very arduous. In Masy theatres he has to prompt As a and he has to give plans to i a Scenic artist and the a Carpenter and the property Man under whose care Are All the furniture carpets curtains ornaments and All Quot hand Quot or Small properties carried Fey actors during the play such is knives pistols letters pocket books eanes ete., All of which he has to Supply if they Are require in the action. The lines of duties of the stage carpenters and property men of a theatre Are be sharply defined and neither Wim interfere with the other. A Carpenter will under no circumstance a help with carpet or a piece of furniture a it a will a property Man touch a scene. Differences which custom have brought about Are often very curious. Thus a tree set upon the stage and Sisr ewed to. The floor for support is handled by the carpenters but a round stump of a tree that will support itself belongs to the pro try men. Hand properties Are Given to the actors each night by the Call boy or prompter s assistant and collected again after the per Manoe. The Call boy also summons the actor a few minutes before he is needed for his scene and announces at the dressing room doors the be ginning of each act. ,.the prompter May Gieir also a Tencis to the re aging up Down of the curtain the of Range a ment and effects of lights the other Way could the consumer be starting and stopping of incidental protected that absolute prohibition music the signal Bell for the Low of the manufacture and Sale of the ering of traps or the raising of imitation butter was the Only Suffi Bridges and for changes of scene. He is a veritable autocrat and client remedy. But is it desirable to resort to so from his Fiat there is for the time violent a measure is not Oleo being no Appeal. Even after a play has been publicly presented rehearsals Are not always Over. Margarine a useful article of food and if it is withdrawn from the Market will not the Price of Genu sometimes passages have gone j Ine butter of a Quality Good enough slowly or ineffectively and a rehearsal is called to quicken them up or change them in some Way. Cuts Quot or shortening of speeches or scenes nearly always have to be made for no matter How experienced or Able May have been the direction of a play nothing but an actual performance before an audience will reveal the Veak or tiresome passages. Frequently the alternations Are of a Radical nature though it is not often they go As far As that suggested by the famous English wit and dramatist Henry j. Byron. This gentleman was present at the first performance of one of his plays. The first act had gone very slowly and during the wait Between that and the Sec of eat noise of sawing was tie curtain. A Rona Friend who shared his Box. If i Doii t know Quot a relied the dejected author Quot but 1 think they Are cutting out the next prohibit nor the Sale of imitation butter. N. Sun april 26. The Bill prohibiting the manufacture and Sale of Ole Margarine in this state having been signed by the governor it has now become Law. A nevertheless one of the largest wholesale dealers in the imitation butter declares his determination to continue the Sale of the article. He says he is now fitting up a stall in the new Jefferson Market and there will offer Ole Margarine and buttering on their merits that is for what they Are. If he is a ested for so doing he will contest the. Law on the ground of its unconstitutionality. It can not be denied that the great preponderance of scientific testimony in regard to the article goes to show that the imitation butter is harmless and nutritious food at least when it is honestly made. There is nothing injurious and nothing offensive about Sweet suet and the chemists who Are most familiar with the process of a manufacturing Ole Margarine say that the product is no less wholesome. Four or five million pounds of the imitation butter have been an Ira ally sold in this City for several years past and it has not been shown that in any Case it has done injury to health though about half the pulsation have been eating it during that time. It seems to be rimless enough and moreover it appears to be palatable. The Consumers have not been Able tip Tell it from genuine butter. The popular opposition to Ole Margarine As Ole Margarine has been based on prejudice Chiey or wholly. 8o Long As the buyer did not know it a in a genuine butter be liked it Well enough and prob to ably often found it better than the Quality of real butter he had been Ofosu stored to get. But if be had not been deceived by the seller be Moold never have eaten it. It 6 Aoh swindling of the Public Ughi of course to be stopped but Law is not merely directed Iguest imposition. It goes much i hither and drives All imitation in from the Market no matter per honestly or dishonestly ii the committee Iohp recon lidded this Bill said that in no to be wholesome Rise so greatly that a Large part of the Community will not be Able to buy it so Long As Ole Margarine is sold for what it is As the wholesale dealer we have spoken of proposes to sell it what harm is done people can buy it or let it alone As they think Best. Prohibiting the manufacture and Sale of an article of food which is not proved to be dangerous and which the Best scientific authority says is altogether wholesome and valuable seems to be an unjustifiable exercise of authority. If people overcome their prejudice against Ole Margarine and Are willing to buy it and eat it As a substitute for butter which they can better afford than a wholesome i Ity of be real it Icib a do not see Why they she wild not have a Chance to do so. Yet we know that experience has shown the futility of past attempts to put Down the fraudulent Sale of the bogus stuff and for the present at least no popular outcry will be raised against the Law just signed by governor Cleveland. Electric railway scientific american dec. 8. A trial the Daft electric motor for propelling railway cars took place at Saratoga n. Y., on 24th november last. In the Siemens Berlin electric roads the current to operate through the motor is sent through wires overhead it having been found inconvenient to so insulate the track As to use the rails therefor and also that unless properly covered and insulated the rails would be highly dangerous to other travel. Or. Daft by a subdivision of his Dynamo claims to obtain a current of such Low tension that All danger from Contact is avoided but the insulation was by no Means thoroughly effected by his sending the current through a third rail in the Center of which the fastening spikes were removed from the rail by a strip of vulcanized rubber. Then although one could touch the rails without feeling any unpleasant Shock it was very evident that Many were temporarily Quot excited Quot in crossing the tracks on the occasion referred to while no less than four horses fell on the track from the effect of the current and had to be helped off. The actual performance consisted in the hauling by a two ton motor of a five ton car with probably five tons More in weight of passengers a distance of a mile and an eighth. This was up a Grade of seventy feet to a mile with one Sharp curve and was effected in eleven minutes. On the return the motor was thrown from the track and several who were on it had narrow escapes but the Accident was due to a make shift rope coupling and did not involve or. Daft s principle at All. The dynamos at the factory for generating the current were 500 feet from the track and were operated by a 30 horse Power engine. The motor itself seemed entirely too Small and Light for the work expected from it the dynamos Hereof and connections occupying a Box Only about four by six feet. The current for these is taken up from the track by a Contact wheel which transmits it to a receiving Dynamo and thence by connection Avith a steel Belt through the axles to the the outside rails causes the revolutions. The apparatus is easily operated and was entirely under control. Or. Daft was warmly congratulated on the degree of Success obtained and the most of the numerous party present were confident that the trial was a proof of the practical Success of the system. Illuminating Gas from ferment Ingr manure. Scientific american april 26. My. Gayon has demonstrated to Fei Paris Academie Des sciences a possibility of obtaining illuminating Gas in considerable Quantity from the fermentation of cow and horse droppings. This Materi-41 is subject to fermentation of different orders accordingly As it is kept in a close receptacle or allowed free Access of air. In the latter Case its temperature rises rapidly and there is a great evolution of carbonic acid while in the former the temperature remains fairly constant and there is an Active production of Oarn rated it droned mixed with Gen is a Zenwa organisms info hit by Spinall but differing in kind from those form in aerated manure. These have been isolated and have been observed to occasion the evolution of the same gases from pure cellulose. The Carbur eted Hydrogen disengaged from fresh manure kept in a close Box one meter Square has been collected bar m. Gayon and Burnt before a scientific society at Bordeaux. The volume of Carbur eted Hydrogen Given off by 1 cubic meter of fresh horse droppings is about 100 liners or 5.53 cubic feet per Twenty four hours. M. Pasteur suggests that As this method of preserving manure in close storage retains Ain Monia. It is possible that in certain circumstances it might be utilized for the purpose of supplying a useful heating and lighting Gas without injury to the value of the fertilizer. On the next Block. Detroit free press. After walking up and Down several times past a Gratiot Avenue clothing dealer s yesterday a stranger halted and said to the Man at the door Quot do you remember me sir Quot Quot not Shuf exactly my Frendt. Who has you Quot Quot i m the Man who paid you $28 for a suit of bottle Green clothes last october and inside of a week the Moths ate pm Quot you Doan say so Quot Quot you bet i do and i in Here to get satisfaction Quot Quot my Frendt you Madea dreadful mistake. All Der Moths in Dis store Vhay in Der sky Blue suits for f 14. If Dot Man on Der next Block keeps his in Der Pottle Green suits for $28 has All right no two men do pee Ness alike. Only if you go up there i Phish you to Tell him for me before you punch his head Dot if he keeps his Moths in Der Pottle Green suits he Vhill soon Haf to shut us shop. Der Shade makes eatery insect color Blind in ten Days. _ water Moat necessary. Some of the English medical journals have already begun to Point out the great importance of not Over feeding infants with starchy foods such As bread Farina Gruel &c., As the warm season approaches. According to authorities like sir James Paget such Over feeding is a fruitful Oaut a of the Large infant mortality in warm weather. The one arts Cly most no a Ssu to tote life of to in child at All times is Warta. A a

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