Page 3 of 7 Apr 1882 Issue of Indianapolis Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Journal (Newspaper) - April 7, 1882, Indianapolis, Indiana The in in in apr lib Jot Jet ital us flair May aply a. 1882. A10, the poor Indian by Torr the Oace Dowerah bit Kov frail Lauy extinct fam in. A Kation closed out in a Day in Iii Laud a its past preen it and future. Thad. But fir in exc ago tin ifs. The Miami nation Indiana indians has passed away and tie few descendants this once famous tribe Are no longer recognized Asl is not a it eople. The closing act its they the payment the Linal Sura due the Kastern Mian is Froni the government the United state being their Eliare the fund duo them account the Sale Tho perpetual annuities the tribe in 1851, has been Cou ruminated and the Miami Indian Lias ceased to be the Ward the i nce 1854 the United has been paying the Indian miamis a annual annuity 5 per cent upon Tho sum $221,257.86. The taken in that year by special agent James Lindsey embraced the 802 Indi us and Tho descendants those whose that ctr Nous Roll Are the ones who share in the distribution the principal sum. A Linal census the miamis a was taken last year preparatory to this payment by special agent Thad Butler which contained the names 318 miamis. Of these Indian eighty Rei it Ide. Upon the Godfroy reservation in Miami county sixty non the to a a go me Sia Sci creation in Wabash and Grant Conn tics fifteen at Lafayette Twenty in Huntington county thirty in the Vicinity fort Wayne one family at Napoleon and forty in Kansas and Indian territory while the residue Are scattered in the states i Clingan Lulli Jois Iowa and Minnesota. Fully one half the whole number Are minor children and it is doubtful whether there is a full blooded Indian among them. What was probably the lust official gathering the tribe was held in Wabash last september to examine and approve the census Roll. Twenty Heads families were present among them Wah pop be tah one who is Quot White As Snow Quot and Peem to tah Mah both whom signed the last treaty made with the government the two nephews chief me Shin go me Sia Wah be Mun Wah the White Loon and Ching qua Sah the thunderer and con pier gah the overseer a Nephew the last War chief pol Wah. This census Roll was then forwarded to Washington to the Indian department and. Having been approved by the commissioner Indian affairs Rolls were transmitted to the Hon. Calvin Cowgill Wabash who was appointed a special agent for the Dis Bur a Anent the Money. Since february the payment has been made in Wabash at intervals until it is now nest Jar completed $695 having been paid to every Man woman and child whose name appears upon the census Roll. With the final payment Money the Indiana indians assume the rights citizen in. Up to 1881, when the Money became drae they held their reservations without tax and subject to neither encumbrance nor Sale the owners. The lands were subdivided in 1873, and each head a family allotted a share a certain number acres being Given to the head for each member the family. The Godfroy band Miami county became voters at that time but the me Shiri go me a a hand in Vav Abas and Grant counties were not permitted to exercise the elective franchise until 1881. A few the indians in these counties Are Thrifty and Well to do Farmers but the majority live in rude log Cabins enjoying but few comforts life. A few Are Able to read and write mainly those the band me Shin go me Sia among whom years ago the Baptist Church established a Mission and to which is probably. Due much their civilization. The descendants Peter in Anglois a half Breed p Frenchman who reside at Lafayette ind., and Napoleon o., together with the descendants chief Lafon Taine at Hunti Fagton Are Well educated people a granddaughter the old chief being the wife the county clerk and a lady great intelligence and culture. The Marais who reside near fort Wayne Ai e the Iod Iroy and Richardville bands and occupy a reservation several Hundred acres. They have Good Homes and their circumstances Are quite comfortable. Residing at Fontana kan., Are Oliree families the descendants the National chief a Richardville. The loading Man among them is Thomas f. Richardville whose Indian name is Wah be Mun Wah who is a Well educated and intelligent gentleman and famous in tie West As an interpreter. Some Twenty live members the tribe have Homes with the remnants the Peoria in the to a Agency Indian territory. Very Many the Miami women in Indiana living upon the reservation have never last died the English language and conver estion at their houses is carried in the Indian Tongue. Tie children learn it in infancy and in the absence the Lead the family one must have the services an interpreter to carry a conversation. The a women arc Good housewives and thei Cabins Are usually quite tidy. While the miamis As a race Are hospitable the and children Are slip and a Hun the a stranger. Tiie surroundings no Cabin Are Complete without the presence three dogs and frequently one approaches he is met by a half dozen. The women dress in Gay colors which they seem As fond As wore the Indian women earlier times and when rigged out with their winery present a very comely appearance. The Tsien dress a plainly Asa Rule while tie children Are often clothed very scantily. The descendants me Shin go Rae Skaare noticeably Large and portly and line specimens manhood Phy Mically. Tivey Are probably the Best living types the Miami Indian and Are nearly All from one half to seven eighths Indian let Lood. Now that the government has withdrawn its protecting hand it is predicted that the Finis will soon disa Piear from tiny Vicinity. The Large Mai Jorry will never become self supporting and in a few years most the lands now held by them will pass into tiie hands their White neighbors. Naturally indolent somewhat , and with Little capacity for managing their a lairs pro Mierly the indians Are an easy prey for a the business sharper. Already Many their farms Are heavily mortgaged and in a few years their creditors will make them their own by foreclosure. Then Farewell a Long Farewell to All to everything except the name and the legend the Miami. Wins to missed Tbs j a a ter Pitt the tint Lent a ast the limit Lippi and South the lakes and from the earliest Koto in history the Abon Gines the miamis were a leading and powerful tribe that mighty family. In 1c58, their warriors were estimated at from eight to ten Tuque find and they maintained Long wars with both Tho iroquoi3 and Sioux and were says Bancroft the most powerful copse it Acy the West. After Ages wandering through the Ohio Valley country them Ianus Finay made their Liea quarters near the present state line Ohio and Indiana and their Council fires were held Between the headwaters the Maumee and the Wabash. Their principal Village for generations Quot me Quot in tie smooth sounds their native Tongue Quot Aux Miami Quot As the French in later years wrote it was situated near the site fort Wayne. The Twightwee Village me the capital the Miami nation was known to the French in the Erly part the eighteenth Century and use Ray As 1702 various the Miami villages situated about the headwaters the Maumee River and adjacent to the , were visited by the untiring French missionaries and the fur traders and Here the were for the first time supplied with guns. In an ancient Memoir mention is made Quot Les Gros Quot one the five Indian villages situated the River Subache. Or Wabash. This was doubtless the site the present Village Gro situated the Wabash railway Between this City and Huntington. Up to the second half the eighteenth Century the French trader monopolized a the fur and paltry Trade the miamis. In 1748, at Lancaster pa., a treaty Alliance and Friendship was entered into Between the English authorities and the miamis. Representatives were Presentia the making this treaty from twelve Miami villages situated Quot near the River Wabash Quot and that Date fixes tie time which introduced the first English traders into Northern Ohio and Indiana. The Wabash country was then under the Protection the French government and that treaty involved the miamis in the French and English wars. Many French traders had come among the miamis at an earlier Date and not a Lew them bad been adopted into the tribe. Naturally their sympathy was with the French in the struggle for supremacy and through their influence the indians became the Active allies the French forces. When about 1760, the tide War resulted in the Victory the English arms the miamis deserted by their allies were compelled to sue for peace though three years later they followed the fortunes that vindictive chief the North Pontiac until he was overpowered by the British and retired to the Illinois country. During the revolution the miamis were the allies the British but when the colonies achieved their Independence the tribe refused to conclude a treaty and were for several years very hostile toward the United states. The White settlers were kept in constant terror by their incursions and attacks and in 1790 the government sent general Harmer to subjugate them. The indians under the famous chief Little Turtle Defeated i Lardner in several Battles and the following year general St. Clair was sent against them. St. Clair s unfortunate command was surprised while encamped the headwaters the Wabash and in a desperate Battle in which the troops sustained great loss disastrously Quot Defeated. In 1793, general Wayne fitted out an expedition and in August that year met and completely rotted the Savages. This defeat broke the ii aughty spirit the miamis and they were glad to acknowledge the authority the United Stales. Accordingly in june 1795, deputations from the miamis and other tribes the Northwest met Gen. Wayne at Greenville o., and a treat was concluded. Be Gros a noted Village chief the tribe being sent by the great Council to represent the Miami nation. This treaty was observed in Good Faith during the life Little Turtle and until the War 1812. When a portion the tribe Ariun went upon the War path and were severely punished. Col. John under orders Gen. Harrison with a Force Campbell Karly Mia ii history. Two Hundred years ago when 1 to great West had hardly known the presence a White Man the Miami indians occupied a scope country extending from the lakes and forests Michigan the North to Tho Ohio River the South and their scattered wigwams were to be found from the Scioto River the East to the country the Illinois Savages the West. The miamis were the Algonquin family the tribe which welcomed the Pilgrim fathers the wild new England coast. A common language testified to their common origin. The Al about six Hundred mounted men Pil shed into the Miami country and a severe Battle was fought the Missi ssi Newa about fourteen Miles South Wabash resulting in the defeat the indians and the destruction one their villages. From this time the indians lived in peace with the , and were during the Blackhawk War 1832 their faithful friends. Some time in the last Century probably about the close the French War Liere was a division the Miami nation a portion ii oing to where now stands the City Piqua This band was under the chieftain ship 0-san-di-ah. Of san Diah was succeeded by son a taw a taw and he by son met Cin Yah. While met Cin Yah was chief the band again returned to Indiana making the Region now composing Wabash and Grant counties their Headquarters. During the absence met Cin Yah a prolonged Hunting excursion. John Baptiste Richardville a half Breed Frenchman whose Indian name was be she Wah signifying Quot the Wildcat Quot was proclaimed chief. Richardville although son Joe prominent As a Leader the Savages in the Battle the mis Sissi Newa exerted himself to the utmost to keep warriors from joining the English forces and in consideration this Friendship and services band As Well As Liat me Shin go me Sia and Godfroy were permitted when the miamis were removed to the West to remain upon reservations in Indiana. _ the tribe s decline. Having thus briefly sketched tie history the miamis during the turbulent times prior to their subjugation to the authority the United states we have but to Trace their declining Power. Although the country was thrown open to the settlers prior to 1830, but few actual settlements had been made fort Wayne in 1820, having but 300 White inhabitants. The total number miamis at this time 1820 is Given As 2,500, and in 1838 the number was reduced to 1,100. About 1820, the principal Village the Mian is stood at the Mouth the missis sinew the Wabash River Between Wabash and Peru. Here lived Sash the War chief and the Little Turtle. The grand councils were held at the Sash Village und were attended by the notables the tribe from fort Wayne to Lafayette. They were presided Over by be she Wah alias Richardville the National chief. One trusty was the Village chief me Shin go me Sia a son the deposed chief me to Cin lab. , the War chief is described by Samuel Mcclure Marion an old Indan trader Long in the employ the ewings fort Wayne As a mild mannered Man Small stature who wore a Broad brimmed Fiat and presented the appearance a typical Quaker. After Deanii probably about 1830, pol Wah alias Frank Godfroy became the War chief. The principal Indian villages during this period were its follows Shap Peen s Village known As Raccoon East Roanoke Wiite Loon s Village in the same Vicinity Black loons East Antioch big Manenica s near anti och la at la Gro Little Charleys North Wabash Al Lolah a South Wabash cot to Cip pins treaty Creek Joe Lii Hardville son the missis sinew me Shin go Nie Sias in the Ortli part Grant county pol Wahs near Peru. The Village the National chief was South fort Wayne and there were several other villages minor importance among them the deaf Man s sometimes called the while woman the Goodboo Village etc., the Nanies which and whose Chi ifs Are no longer remembered Over fifty treaties wire entered into Between the government Aud the Miami nation Between the Yean 17d5 and 1840 which the treaty 1826 was made within the limits the present City Wabash at what is known As treaty Springs near which now stand Quot the shops the c., w. And m. Railway. These Springs were called the Quot King Cote Ong Springs Quot by the Mia Niia signifying the Quot a print in the treaty 1818, at St. Mary a o., the indians retained what is known As the Quot thirty mile this reservation began at the month the Salamonie where it empties into the Wabash and ran due South thirty six Miles and due West with the Wabash the same distance to the Mouth eel River. Afterwards in 182 a the indians were permitted to Reserve six Miles East und South the Forks the Wabash Quot for when the treaty 182g was made the United states in consideration a settlement certain annual moneys due the indians agreed to the miamis a permanent annuity $25,000 so Long As they should exist together As a tribe. A treaty was made at the same time with the Pottawatomie by which they were to occupy certain assigned territory North the eel River. In 1838 the miamis made another Sale lands retaining Only some individual reserves in Wabash Grant and Miami counties and in 1846, according to the terms a treaty made in 1840, a portion the tribe with their families and possessions were removed to Hunting grounds beyond the Mississippi. In this treaty it was stipulated As been mention etl that the families Richardville Godfroy and me Shin go me Sia together with Tho Brothers the latter might remain upon reservations assigned them and receive their annuities in Indiana. Their descendants Are the indians still residing in this Vicinity. One More treaty was made with the general government after the treaty 1840. In 1854, a delegation both Eastern and Western miamis visited Washington the Eastern delegation headed by me Shin go me Sia and the Western by nah Wah Lin Quah big Lei. George w. Manypenny was then the Indian commissioner. By this treaty it was stipulate cd that $221,25f.s6 should be paid to the Eastern miamis at the expiration Twenty five years in lieu the permanent annuity the government to annually 5 per cent interest upon that amount in the form annuities until the principal Stim became due and was paid. These annuities have been paid regularly for Twenty six years except during the first year two the War and the payment just completed at Wabash is the principal sum due the indians according to the terms the treaty. The removal the indians to their Western Homes As agreed upon in the treaty 1840, was not accomplished until 1840. Alexis Coquillard was the government agent for this purpose. As the time approached for their departure the indians flatly refused to comply with the terms the treaty and it was necessary to Send troops to gather them at the appointed rendezvous which was at Peru. Many ran away others claimed relationship to the favored bands Richard de Godfroy and me slain go me Sia and were permitted when the claim was recognized to remain in Indiana. There Are yet old citizens living who speak their departure As a scene inexpressible sadness. About five Hundred miamis with their possessions were loaded canal boats. The route was up the Wabash Valley to fort Wayne thence to Toledo and Cincinnati and then beyond the Mississippi. Stoical As the race is the air was rent with lamentations the women while the men moodily gathered their blankets about them and looking the picture despair watched from the decks the boats the receding forests which for Ages had been the Homes their ancestors. Superstitions customs and habits. The Miami indians were full superstition. They believed each baud was watched Over and protected by a special great spirit and that the dead were transported at once to another country greater happiness where they experienced the same appetites and enjoyments. The failure a crop Corn would sometimes depopulate an entire neighbourhood the inhabitants fleeing away to escape the hungry jaws some monster which they avowed had eaten up their Corn. The Rattlesnake was held in great veneration by some bands and under no circa instances would they kill one those venomous reptiles though in later years they were in no Wise averse to having the White men destroy them. One the traditions the miamis seemed to confirm the account the flood except that instead the Dove notifying the survivors the receding the flood a Quot crawfish came up and gave them the sign that the water was going there was no particular marriage ceremony but after a couple had signified their intention to live together there was an Exchange , and the compact was ratified by the girl s parents. Generally the indians were True to each other and death Only broke up the family relation. Every Village had its burying ground a where the bodies the dead were buried As is the custom among civilized people. The tombs departed greatness were Dill rent from the Graves the More Humble Warrior. The troops general Harrison discovered a Tomb in a deserted Village the upper a Basli in 1812, containing the body a chief which was built logs and daubed with Clay. Its silent occupant Lay wrapped in Blanket gun and pipe by Side and a Small tin breast containing a wooden spoon and various trinkets All no doubt deemed to the Comfort journey to the Happy Hunting grounds the hereafter. Drunkenness is and Ever been the Tirse the Indian race and the desire for liquor seems ineradicable. Numerous broils occurred at every payment and gathering and it is said that no less than five Hundred violent deaths occurred among the miamis from 1813 to 1830. The is miamis and Pottawatomie would sometimes and celebrate some event in Indian history and such gatherings often ended in a tragedy. A noted Indian who bore the same name As the National chief be she Wah lost life such an occasion near the Confluence the Wabash and eel Rivers. He was stabbed by a Drunken Pottawatomie chief and died almost instantly. As the custom then was a life for a life a gift to the family the murdered Man the miamis Reft ised lobe reconciled until the Pottawatomie made be she Wah s family a present $5,000. Such tragedies were not rare and illustrated the potent influence whisky As a Indian celebrities. The earliest chief the tribe whom we Are Able to gather information was san Diah. During the Early years the administration general Washington he visited the National capital and was the recipient quite a number presents from the president. He died soon after return and is believed to have been poisoned by members own tribe who were envious the attention shown . A Parchment written payment was Given san Diah by general Washington with the remark Quot should you Ever return bring this Parchment with you and it will insure you the Parchment and other presents were afterwards transferred to the Pottawatomie their Possession by any particular Miami band being the source continuous jealousy and ill will. It is a tradition that when me Shin go me Sia who was the great grandson san Diah visited Washington City in 1838, the Indian commissioner inquired after the Dolce adapts Midi a Haud Tbs Parchment Given my bl�in<g�-Nie-8iawas shown so Many favors tit it aroused the ill will chief Lafontaine. Little Turtle whose Indian name was me she Kun no Quah. Was a member the Miae is so Gat and the Miami nation and was about forty five years age when he led braves to Battle. He was never the National chief but was an educated Raan and served As speaker the councils und Leader the warriors in Timo War. Little Turtle strongly advised tribe to make peace with the United states when general Wayne was sent against them and predicted the Success general Wayne s expedition. Although every Elbrt was made by Tecumseh to induce Little Turtle to join in wars he steadfastly refused to do so. He died in july 1812. Be she Wah alias John b. Richardville was for Many years the National chief the miamis the first account we have being when he signed the treaties As the chief the eel River band. His Mother was a near relative Little Turtle and father a half Breed Frenchman. Be she Wah is said to have been proclaimed chief when a very Young Man. He was a Large portly Indian and life was made miserable by fear . While not a Coward so suspicious was he that he would Seldom travel and when he did it was by a frequented paths and entirely alone. He had two villages one South fort Wayne where still lives granddaughter no be Quah the wife James r. Godfroy also an Indian and the other at the Forks the Wabash. He had three sons Joe John b. And snap Richardville and three daughters All whom died prior to death except one daughter the wife chief Laufou urine. Be she Wah died in april 1841, in the Faith the Catholic Church and remains were buried in the Catholic cemetery at fort Wayne. The successor be she Wah was chief la Fontaine whose Indian name was to Peah who was the last National chief tie miamis. His Home was at the Forks the Wabash Aud the Early settlers describe Lis a very Large and portly Man weighing full three Hundred pounds. He went with tribe when they removed West and was by the terms the treaty to return but never lived to reach Home. While Way Back he was taken violently sick at Lafayette and died quite suddenly. Of the Village chiefs the period at which we write perhaps the most influential and certainly the most vindictive in hatred the Whites was chief Majenica. He was a Fine specimen physically race and it is said that he was greatly feared by both the a Whites and the indians. In Council the National chief and War chief paid great respect and Seldom if Ever thwarted this wishes. When suggestions were not followed he would Sti Denly withdraw from the Council and that body was Only too glad again to secure presence by the most abject compliance with wishes. He died before band removed to tie West. Al Lolah the Quot Black Raccoon Quot whose Village was just South Wabash was a Large and Fine looking Indian and a very honorable Man. Before Wabash county was organized an arrest was made a thief who had robbed a stranger $40. The Man was placed in charge Al Lolah who Rifle in Liand and Tomahawk and scalping knife at Belt escorted the prisoner to Huntington and afterwards to Marion where court was in session. The culprit was found guilty and sent to Jeffersonville to prison. Al Lolah was permitted to remain in Indiana and died at Home South Wabash. The Village chief be Gros whose Indian name was a Che Kele tah and who represented the miamis at Greenville 0., at the time the treaty 1795, was by the terms the treaty 1826, built a Brick House by the government which still stands at la Gre. In this House the old chief lived and died death occurring in 1831, Joe Richardville Quot Wah be Mun Wah Quot the fighting son chief be she Wah was educated in Detroit and had the accomplishment violin and flute playing. Notwithstanding education he was a Drunken and worthless character and has reputation was in bad odor. In View Joe s degeneracy father Ever after opposed the education the indians As no value. Shap Peen a maw abbreviated by the Whites to Shap Peen died at Village East Roanoke. His son an educated Indian succeeded and went West with the band at the time removal. Me Shin to me Sia lived to the Ripe age 98 years and died at Home in Grant county in december 1879, venerable wife me tah the Quah preceding one year. He was the last chief the , All tribal authority ceasing upon death. Although he never mastered the Indian language he was frequently the ambassador tribe at Washington and received marked attention. His Grandfather was be Couge and was doubtless the person meant in general Harrison s letter instruction to colonel Campbell where he tells Campbell that if he can Quot save the life be con and family it would be extremely Gratifying to me and no doubt to the a medal presented to be Couge by general Washington was for a Long time in the Possession me Shin go me Sia but descendants have lost it. Me Shin go me Sia the meaning whose name was Quot the fire destroyer Quot was for Many years a member the Baptist Church and died in the Faith that body. Frances so Crim s history. The Story Frances Slocum is familiar to All readers history. She was the daughter a Quaker who lived in the Wyoming Valley during the revolution. She was stolen from her Home when but five years age in 1778, by a band marauding Delaware indians and the last sight her Mother saw her was when she was in the arms a Brawny Savage struggling and calling piteously upon her Parent to come to her Rescue. Although her father was dead killed by the indians the Mother and her sons diligently sought for the stolen child through Long years the Mother died in 1807, but the Brothers never relinquished inquiry. As in the Case Chrley Ross the search brought numbers stolen children to Light but nothing was heard Frances Slocum. In 1835 c colonel George w. Ewing a gentleman connected with the Indian service stopped Over night at the deaf Man s Village sometimes called the Village the White woman the missis sinew. The household consisted a venerable woman and a number children All whom treated her with the greatest deference. The colonel noticed particularly the color her Slyn and hair and becoming convinced that she was a White woman opened conversation Witla her. His surmises were Correct. She said that she was stolen by the indians when a very Small child and remembered the name her father which was Slocum. The colonel knew her abduction and when he reached Logansport wrote letters which finally reached Quot her friends at Lancaster a. The brother Frances and one her Sisters came to see her and made themselves known but All entreaties to return to civilization were unavailing. Frances had become an Indian in every essential except birth had married an Indian Warrior by the name 8he-r>ay-con-na, and bore four children. One her daughters married Wah pop be tah alias Peter Bondy whose name appears As one the makers the treaty 1864, and who is still living in Miami county. Another married tah Quac Yaw a half Breed Pottawatomie better known As Captain Bru Riette who was drowned in the Wabash River several a years ago and this daughter it still living ranges died in 1847, at her Home at the deaf Man s Village and her descendants still a in upon a portion the land reserved for her by special act Congress a Bill for that purpose having been introduced by John Quincy Adams about 1840, her Indian name was Macro a Quia signifying the Quot White female Ferrona and places. Still living in the Vicinity Rock Valley is a Small remnant what is known As the eel River band miamis this is the band Captain Flower and Brothers which at one time seceded from the miamis and succeeded in securing recognition from the government As a distinct tribe. They have an annual per Peteuil annuity $1,100. Eighteen eel Rivers were alive the 1st january three living in Indian territory and the remainder near Rich Valley this county. Their annual annuity about $62 per head was recently paid to them by the writer. Forty years ago the band numbered 300 Over and to Weir Village no Kim Enaw the Flower was situated near the Village Mexico Miami county. Of the 500 miamis who wore sent West in 1846, not ten Are alive the original number and the Western Miami tribe residing in qua Indian Agency under the care colonel d. B. Dyer does not now number fifty. Taken by Force from the forests their native country and transplanted to the wild Prairies the West heart sick and weary they never became reconciled to their lot and Many met death gladly welcoming Freedom to Bondsmen in slavery. A few returned to Indiana despite the government and these were in 1858, permitted by act Congress to remain Here. A Point interest in Miami history is the Forks the Wabash River near Huntington As Early As 1805 the quakers Maryland established a Mission Here under the control William Mckinney. Twenty five acres land were cleared and a Row double log Cabins erected. The Mission was backed by Liberal support and a judicious ening seemed to have been made for the work civilizing the indians. In the Var 1812, however a detachment troops burned the houses devastated the Fields and destroyed the Mission. No attempt was Ever made toward its re establish ment. The same site was famous for Many years As the payment ground and became a favorite resort for traders and others who lived by traffic with the indians. The Village was regularly Laid off forming nearly a perfect Square. The stores bake shops gambling Dens etc., were one Side the Square and the St Ibling for the accommodation Tho Indian ponies the other. The buildings were not pretentious and were constructed Small round logs covered with clipboards. Luncheons served As flooring when any was Laid. For weeks prior and subsequent to the payments there Wasa Waya a Lively Trade the rude improvised structures containing stocks merchandise each valued at from $1,000 to $5,000. Not less than six Well filled stores were running at one time and everything that would contribute to the Comfort and luxury the indians was to be had not at nominal prices however. The National chief Lafontaine built a trading Post after the Forks ceased to be. Known As the payment ground erected a Good farm House and other buildings and until the removal the indians to the West it was a place importance. Now the site is simply a farm the Twenty five acre Corn Field the Mission ground is the Homestead colonel l. P. Milligan sons Liberty notoriety during the War. The following is a partial list the gentlemen who have been the agents the miamis since 1826 Gen. John Tipton Joseph Sinclair. Allen Hamilton esq., Noel and m. W. Wines fort Wayne John Graham and George a. Crowell Peru Gen. Shanks Portland Frank Hawkins and John p. Jackson Noblesville capt. Baird and capt. Dowling the Indian office at Washington Thad. Rutler and the Hon. Calvin Cowgill Wabash. When the treaty 1840 was entered into the miamis numbered Between 700 and 800 souls. Of this number about 500 went to Homes assigned them in Miami county Kansas and a part those sent to Kansas afterwards removed to the Indian territory. According to the census 1854, the a whole number Indiana Iliakis was but 302, and since that time the tribe has not decreased numerically. Two the Early Indian the Wabash Valley Are still alive . Samuel Mcclure Marion and the Hon. Daniel Bearss Peru both whom became acquainted nth the indians before 1830, the former being present at the treaty made at Wabash in 1826 Between the miamis and general Tipton. Or. Mcclure Lias attended nearly every payment made since 1826, talks the Miami language fluently Atid bears the Indian name Quot Che com Yah Quot signifying Quot the the eel River formed a natural Boundary line Between the miamis and Pottawatomie. North this Stream the Pottawatomie held undisputed Swap As late As 1826, Aud were in later years their history Superior to the miamis in numbers and respected accordingly by their Savage neighbors. Pottawatomie frequently evinced decided determination to extinguish the Council fires the miamis but the interference the government prevented open hostilities. It is said that at the time the removal West the indians residing in what is now Waltz township this county left quite a Large number ponies behind and these became the property the settlers. During the fall and Winter it become a regular business with Many to Hunt and capture them. Charley Benjamin Quot rape is pin Quot a Well known Miami who is often seen in Wabash and Peru is a descendant Pontiac one the family that chief having married a Miami woman their descendants settling in this Vicinity. The father governor Porter this state was a Soldier in the command col. Campbell at the Battle the missis sinew in 1812, and was severely wounded in that engagement. _ a Manly religion. From by Echor 8 sunday Sermon. Don t crawl before the dignitaries leaven i never crawl my belly before god i never say i am so filthy and sinful. I am not so we Are All sinners but not criminals. I have no remorse because i do not love god enough. I Don t love anybody As i ought. God is not a crabbed judge to say when he has heard a confession Quot open the Pri Soti door and shove i go before god As a Nobleman and say Quot nevertheless i am thy he has the Best clothes brought out and the ring put my Finger. The True theory life is to rejoice always. Cuti Odra remedies Are prepared expressly to cure every kid Ito Iii scaly and so Romulous Humours. Ii Tiloura re solvent Ini rifles the blood cd Sicura Koala extern ii uni nov Anil Jutie Ura Boap and bean tidies to skin. Or. J. 9. Jordan s lung renovator. A new discovery Worth tie time All. It does Excel All other rom edit to heal build up the a atom and purify the blood. It to Day stands . It has cured thousands True con Bun option. Everybody should know Ita Healing Power. Inquire for . Jordan s lunar renovator the great lung remedy and take nothing us a submit Lute for it. All first Cluiss Dpi skirts sell it. Wholesale by All wholesale druggists Indianapolis ind., and Terre haute ind. Richardson tic Cut a St Louis to also Fuller amp Puller Chicago hi., and James m. Dodge Cincinnati Soc la a notices masonic Indianapolis chapter no. 5, r. A. M. Stated Nice Tilic to Nischt at 7 30 clock. Work a. M. Decree. Vlf it i f Compau Logia Are invited. Roger. Parry h. P. Cha8. I Siik Secretary h auction Sale unt a my ��t�3y7rea�rw\tls a to Raana Attoh Weye 8i amp 1 j1 m pipe and fittings. Be Jojne agent for National tube works co Globe valves Stop Cooke. I a flue trim Zinss. Pipe tongs cur Krs vises Tais stocks and Dies Wienches set am traps Pnina sink Hose us latino. Babbit metals 25-Pouiid Boxen Cotton wiping , White Aiida Olorte 100-lb. Bales and All other supplies used in connection with steam water and Gas. In Job retail lots do a ii Lar Seani Fitt Luff bids incas estimate and contract to heat Mille Siopa a Othriee and Lauber dry Housea with live exhaust steam pipe Cut to order by steam ii Power Knight amp Jillson 75 and 77 s. Penn. St. Announcements. Erie Hadley amp Roberts Academy the Spring term win open april 10. This will be the nicest term the year. Teri pliers wishing to review will find excellent advantare8. To notice the Sale 200 cattle and 50 mules and horse advert incl for april 12, 1882, at Fletcher s Brick barn farm two Miles Roii Thweat from Ludian Apt it Lis. Will com Niece at 1 clock p. In. Of that Day. T. A. Fletcher partner 8. A. And t. A. Fletcher. P. Thurman auctioneer. Veterinary notice . Navle v. 8. Respole Tully intimates that he Hue is cured a partner. Or. M. J. Treacy member the Royal Collece veterinary shirt Leonii London England and fellow the veterinary medical society Edin burst Scotland surgeon ten years practical professional experience. Ohio. No. 31 Kentucky Avenue one door South Warner s livery and under Aguinir. Residence. 76 n. Mississippi Street. Telep Lione to Warner s livery and undertaking. W wanted. first class. Illinois Street. 93 s. W anted Tinner. Immediately 8g Massachusetts Avenue. E. . Wanted a Yount Man wants position writing copying preferred. Address j. H. To. Journal office. \17 anted a three wheel molders to with their helpers. Apply Mowry cur wheel works office no. 27ha w. Third Street Cincinnati an ted the cheapest newspaper in the West the weekly Ludiana state Jomal. One Dollar Ner year. Ninety cents in clubs five and Overl wanted situation by a Twenty be its Arp Oriente in any honorable business. Address Charles care e. Crompton 86 Massachusetts Avenue. Anted canvassers Istl Ivery City and town for new fast Selling books Quot car fled s career Quot and Quot life Gen. agents report Large sales and making $100 a month. Liberal terms. Address t. H. Edwards Chicano 111. Anted a Man Good habits industrious one who understands life insurance can obtain steady employment at a salary commission. Or both by applying to J. Weatherby general agent Centennial Mutual life association care Bates House in Diana >oli8, Indiana. W a sae. Or Sale Only one Dollar per year the weekly Indiana state journal. Send for for Sale an assortment second hand entries boilers and is Wiilis in food order. A Dixey Wright amp co., Corner Tennessee and Georgia streets . Or Sale-?60 half cues i s gun powder. Imperial Oblong English breakfast and y Oung Hyt iou , Choice goods cheap for Cash to close business. Frank Thorn Ion 70 South Meridian Sale Trade a Nice clean Stock dry goods and notions in a splendid place for business would Trade tora City property. For particulars Call i Jill Scott Fairmount Grant county Indiana. I. Sale desiring to close out my. Business Here in the next ten Days i other special inducements in cigars teas and smoking tobacco to Cash buyers. All goods will be offerell at auction , april 13. Frank Thornton 70 s. Mor Diau Street. For Sale splendid farm two Miles from corporate a South Large h ui80. Large barn splendid Spring House. Goo Ltd a Richurd Well run Duff water All the year for s200 per acre less. Will make As Desir Lylo a fancy farm As the farm and not so far off. T. A. Goodwin 29 Thorpe Block. For Sale a hot Vaif acres. Mile. And a Quarter East thu City at $100 per acre. It is now rented for More than t percent Price and will probably i Loreaso. 20 25 per cent for Tho next ten years. The owner is a non resident and does not know it value and wants to realize. It is a better me Stigent than to buy government Bonds. It is too Good a thing for a poor Man. T. A. Goodwin. 29 Thorpe Block. M financial. Oney to loan at lowest Kate interest. E. B. Martindale i sons. Pro loan at once. Any amount Low-1 eat rate. Horace Mckay. Odd rows hair. I will furnish Money City farm property at six per cent. U. M. Stoddard Claypool building. Rno loan Money to loan in sums j. $200 my upwards at a Low rate a treat m. E. Vinton amp co. 3 Aud 4 Vinton Block. Will furnish Money farm Security promptly at the lowest rates for Long Short time. Thos. C. Day rooms 22 and 24 Thome to loan first mortgage improved City and farm property m Indiana and Ohio at very Low interest. Prompt parties with desirable Security can be accommodated without delay. All local securities. City Coontz town and Railroad Bonds negotiated. Jos. A. Moore. No. 84 e. Market St removal. Or. Hadley has removed Resi Deneb from Virginia Avena to 219 Fletcher Avenue. Office same As heretofore. For rent. Izlor rent elegant res Silencer ten rooms Large Yard 280 East Ohio Street. Room 11 Baldwin s Block. Miscellaneous. I he weekly journal is the Best paper published m Indiana. Try it. Stockholders meeting. Lnman.4_polls and railway ? Evansville ind., april 1, 18s2. It the annual general meeting this Comeauy for the Eloot Ion directors and transaction general business will he held at the Ohio the company in the City Eva Nav Lle tuesday us a a 1882, at 11 clock a m. A j. Kleiner. Secretary. Cleveland Columbus Cikic Nikati and Ini it to Al Olis . Cleveland March 24, 1ss2. A special meeting the Stook bolder this company for the election do rotors Atid for the Trau skotion Auer other Bua ideas May come before the meeting will be held at Tho office the company in Cleveland thursday april late next at 10 clock a. M. The Traua Ier books will be clo aed from the evening april lat Oatly Olarti Lotta. Order tiie Board a Teotora. Geo. U. Russell. Seomatti

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