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Indianapolis Indiana State Journal (Newspaper) - July 24, 1848, Indianapolis, Indiana state 3onrnai to d a an wednesday july 19, 1848 for president Gen. Zachary Taylor of Louisiana. For vice president Millard Fillmore of new York. Whig elec ral ticket. Senatorial electors. Joseph g. Marshall of Jefferson. Godlove s. Orth of Tippecanoe. District electors. John s. Davis of Floyd. Milton Gregg of Dearborn. David p. Holloway of Wayne. d. Walpole of Hancock. Lovell h. Rousseau of Greene. Edward w. Mcgaughey of Parke. James f. Suit of Clinton. Daniel d. Pratt of Cass. David Kilgore of Delaware. 2d Quot 3d 4th Quot 5th l a Ith Quot 7 the i 8th a 9th a Ith Marion counts whig ticket for representatives. A. S. Vance Samuel Harding s v. B. Noel. For sheriff. Andrew Smith for prosecuting attorney. David Wallace. For recorder. Lewis c. Lewis. For commissioner. George Bruce. For Coroner. John Welshans. More about the volunteers. The Pittsburgh Gazette of the loth says yesterday a very intelligent and respectable member of the second Pennsylvania regiment of volunteers called upon us and requested us to publish the Follo ving statement Quot the Volunteer objects not to the reduction of clothing. The objection is that he got previous to the passage of the Cass Bill $3,50 in Cash per month for clothing he buys but one or two suits per year consequently by the passage of the Cass Bill he is deprived of one Dollar per month which he formerly got Wirich feels comfortable at the end of his two months service. By the old Bill his clothing and pay came to $21 per month by the Cass Bill $19. Hence the Volunteer cannot vote for Gen. Cass not that he the Volunteer is not a Democrat but an anti Cass this Volunteer stated to us continues the Gazette that the practical working of or. Cass Bill was to deprive the Volunteer of a portion of his wages and a portion too which he had been in the habit of spending for some Little necessaries almost indispensable to his Comfort and not provided in his rations. He also informed us that or. Cass was Hung and Burnt in effigy in his presen it i Ito Mexico on account of the practical Workings of this Bitt the same intelligent Volunteer informed us that he was a Democrat that he had frequently sat in democratic conventions and that he always expected to remain a Democrat and that a Large majority of the second Pennsylvania regiment belonged to that party but that neither he nor they could or would vote for general Cass. Quot old rough and ready Quot is the Man. It Quot the Batter Quot is a Campaign paper published in the City of Washington designed for circulation in every Section of the country. The object of the paper will be to harmonize the action and promote the efficient organization of the whig party As Well As to diffuse its principles and arouse its spirit and enthusiasm. Terms single subscription 50 cents. Twelve copies $5. Twenty i e copies $10. The whig executive committee of Congress recommend the Quot Battery Quot to the friends of Taylor and Fillmore. Whig state Central committee lit z re cd a Al. A. Debruler of Dubois. 2d 3d ath a in eth Ith ath Uta Luil c. P j. Arion of Jefferson. Joseph Robinson of Decatur. Martin Bundy of Henry. John u. Derkes William quarks and pm. Hanna of Marion we. Herrod of Bartli Olomei d. S. Good no of Hancock and r. N. William of Madison. Sam l. J Udah of Knox. We. D. Griswold of Vigo. Albert s. White of Tippecanoe. We. M. A Buhn of Miami. We. A. Pelle of Randolph. Whig platform. Quot first. 1 reiterate what i hive often a aids i am a Wiig but not an Ultra whig. If elected i would not be the Mere president of a party. I would Endeavor to act Independent of party domination. 1 should feel bound to adn minister the government untrammelled by party schemes. Second. The veto Power. Tiie Power Given by the Constitution to the executive to interpose his Eto is a High conservative Power but in my opinion should never be exercised except in cases of Clear violation of the Constitution or Manifest haste and want of consideration by Congress. Indeed 1 have thought that for Many years past the known opinions and wishes of the executive have exercised undue and injurious influence upon the legislative department of the government and for this cause i have thought our system was in danger of undergoing a great change from its True theory. The personal of the individual who Nav happen to occupy the Krc Cutick chair ought not to control the action of Congress upon questions of Domestic policy a nor ought his objections to be interposed where question.1 of a Power Hare been settled by the various departments of government and acquiesced in by the to Jill. Third. Upon the subject of the Tariff the currency the improvement of our great highways Rivers lakes and Harbor the will of the people As expressed through their representatives in Congress ought to be respected and carried out by the executive. Fourth. The mexican War. 1 sincerely rejoice at the Prospect of peace. My life has been devoted to arms yet 1 look upon War at All times and under All circumstances is a National calamity to be avoided if compatible with National Honor. The principles of our government As Well As its True Povic Are opposed to the subjugation of other nations and the dismemberment of other nations by Conquest. In the language of the great Washington Quot Why should we quit our own to stand on foreign ground Quot in the mexican War our National Honor has been vindicated amply Vin it Lic aled and in dictating terms of peace we May Well afford to be forbearing and even magnanimous to our fallen . Taylor. Gen. Taylor thus approves of the sentiment that Quot the Extension Over the continent beyond the Uio Grande of the ordinance of 1787, is an object too High and permanent to be baffled by presidential �?�1 Trust you will Pardon me for thus briefly replying to you which i do with a High opinion and approval of the sentiments and views embraced in your , Taylor s letter to the signal. Life of Gen. Taylor. The next number of the weekly journal will contain Quot a sketch of the life and Public services of Gen. Zachary Taylor the people s candidate for the presidency with considerations in favor of his it ought to be placed in the hands of every Reader in the state we shall print several thousand copies in pamphlet form Wlinich will be furnished at $2,00 per Hundred copies. Of Quot Why Don t Congress adjourn seven months have been spent and very Little done. The whigs of the House have passed adjourning resolutions but they have been Defeated in tie Senate. The volunteers for old Zack. Thursday evening says the Louisville courier was prolific of Public meetings and Public speeches. By far the most enthusiastic meeting and the most effective speech of the evening however was delivered by an Ohio Volunteer from the Steamer Saint Cloud at the commercial he avowed himself a Democrat of the strongest kind that he had always voted the democratic ticket but that henceforth he should Battle against his party fervently As he had heretofore battled for them and added that lie would rather have right Arm hewed from his body than vote for Cass and Butler. He wound up his speech by calling for three cheers for old rough and ready and it was responded to so heartily that it made the very Welkin ring and re Ecipio the shout Back to the Earth again. The Saint Cloud then rang her Bell and the volunteers returned to the boat throwing up their Caps and shouting for old Zack. Resignation of governor Shunk. The following Farewell to office and to life great lied As it were from the death bed of the governor of Pennsylvania is inexpressibly touching in its calmness and simplicity. It is More than touching it is Sublime. A sense of the responsibility of the Republican chief magistrate to the people from whom he derived his authority and of the Christian to his maker Are beautifully blended in this solemn proclamation to the people of having pleased divine Providence to deprive me of the strength necessary to the further discharge of the duties of your chief magistrate and to Lay we on a bed of is Cliness from which i am admonished by my physicians and my own increasing debility i May in All human probability never Rise have resolved upon mature Reh Clion under a conviction of duty. On this Day to restore to Yuu the Trust with which your suf Vages have clothed me in order that you May Avail yourselves of the provision of the Constitution to choose a successor at the next general ejection. "1 therefore hereby resign the office of governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and direct this my resignation to be filed in the Iii in of the Secretary of the Commonweal the. Quot in taking leave of you under circumstances so solemn accept my gratitude for the Confidence you have Rej used in me. My is that peace virtue intelligence and religion May pervade All your Borders that the free institutions you have inherited from your ancestors May remain unimpaired to the latest posterity that the same kind Providence which has already blessed you May conduct you to a still higher state of individual and social happiness and when the world shall close upon you As i feel it is soon to close upon me that you May enjoy the consolations of the Christian Faith and be gathered without a wanderer lost into the fold of the great Shepherd above. Francis r. the undersigned were present at the execution of the above instrument of writing. If. , w. R. Dewitt. Harrisburg july 9, 1848 rough and ready meeting. The meeting at the court House last saturday evening was the largest gathering of the kind since the organization of the rough amp ready club. We Hope the same spirit will continue to the close of the canvass. The speeches of or. Ricketts and judge Thompson were heard with every demonstration of satisfaction. That of the former abounded in wit satire humor patriotism and eloquence. Or. R. Is a Young Mechanic of this City of Good attainments and High Promise. Politically he makes a glorious commencement for what prouder reflection will after years bring than the consciousness of having Given so True and worthy an old Patriot As Zachary Taylor his first political efforts on the stump and his first presidential vote a glorious commencement we repeat and one worthy the emulation of our Young politicians. More of them will make themselves heard in the same cause. Thai speech of judge Thompson was befitting his Long political experience abounding with the most instructive lessons upon the past history of parties. He acted upon the policy of the romans by carrying the War into the enemy s country. The conclusion was irresistible. On the principles of old fashioned democracy the Loco focus were routed Quot horse foot and his reflections upon the causes and authors of the mexican War were such As to convince every intelligent Man of the Folly and wickedness of our rulers. The judge s reminiscences of the character and exploits of old Zack were received with thundering applause. But we have not room for further comments. The club will be addressed next saturday by two new speakers. 0� the Vanderburgh Democrat revises Gen. Taylor for not giving publicity to the decision of the court of inquiry in reference to the Retreat of the 2d Indiana regiment when the truth is. Gen. Taylor says that he has never been officially advised of that decision. The Democrat states that Gen. Taylor would have seen by that decision Quot that col. Bowles who gave the order to Retreat and then to shield himself denied it was alone the guilty Gen. Taylor would have seen no Auch thing for there was no such thing in the decision of the court of inquiry. If the Loco Foco papers could get any whig to bring tie charge of cowardice against either the officers or volunteers of the Indiana brigade they would be satisfied. But they stand alone in making this infamous charge. Gen. Taylor never made it the court of inquiry never made it and the poor creatures have to Bandy it about from one to the other a the legitimate coinage of their of a brains. , the Man who was followed and fawned upon by the Loco Foco ii arty of this slate who was one of their presidential electors in 1844�?who obtained the command of the 2d regiment through the intrigues of their leaders and who was decided by that court of inquiry to be an incompetent officer though not wanting in bravery is made the scape Goat to carry Oft their sins to the wilderness. The people undo stand their game. Capt. Lander s company raised in this City returned in the cars on last wednesday they were greeted by the cheers of a Large number of oar citizens and were addressed by gun. Drake a Public dinner was provided Tham. Gen. Taylor and Gen. Harrison. In a casual conversation the other Day with a gentleman who served with old rough and ready in the Florida War. He related the following i Vieli transpired in 1840, during the Harrison Campaign. On the arrival of the Northern mails the of cers were in the habit of meeting at Gen Taylor s marquee to discuss the news. The general being a whig took the National Isle Lugenyer and major Garland a Loco Foco the Washington Globe. On one of these occasions Gen. Taylor found in the intelligencer an account of one of the Mammoth conventions held in Honor of old tip he remarked Quot this gentlemen is what i like to Quot but Quot promptly responded Garland Quot Jenral Harrison is a Northern Man and an abolitionist a Quot Quot no matter Quot replied the general Quot he is an honest Man and unaccustomed to the Wiles and intrigues of partisans. The great mass of the people the honest and intelligent of All parties Are rallying in his support and sir my word for it they Are on the right Herald. Gold medal to Gen. Taylor. Or. Pierce was appointed by the governor of Louisiana to present to general Taylor the Gold medal ordered by the legislature of that state. The ceremony took place at n. Orleans on the 3d inst. On receiving the medal the old hero made the following remarks gentlemen these repeated acts of kindness and generosity on the part of the patriotic state of Louisiana excite in my breast feelings and emotions which defy All utterance. A few months have elapsed since i received from your patriotic governor acting in behalf of the enlightened and High minded citizens of this state a splendid sword voted to me for my poor services in the Battles of the Rio Grande. And now you add to the debt of gratitude and thankfulness which i owe to my fellow citizens for that Beautiful and highly prize memorial by presenting me this splendid medal which is intended to refer to my services in the Battle of Buena Vista. Gentlemen whilst i highly appreciate the kindness and partiality which have prompted your state to bestow this High Honor upon me i must in Justice to my Brave companions in arms assure you that the Merit of that Victory is due to the Brave hearts and Strong arms of the Gallant men who so firmly withstood the Onset of the greatly Prepend rating Force of the enemy. I had the Honor to be the Leader of such men four fifths of whom were citizen soldiers and that though a distinction i highly appreciate and i had Long cherished As one of the greatest i have Ever enjoyed does not entitle me to More than a Small share in the Honor and Merit of that great Victory. I beg gentlemen to assure you Tomt i receive with the liveliest emotions of Pride and pleasure this truly splendid medal and that i shall Long preserve it As one of the most valuable memorials of the kindness of my fellow citizens of Louisiana. This is a just tribute paid by Gen. Taylor to the Brave volunteers who fought and won the Victory of Buena Vista. He gives the Honor to those so justly entitled to it. Correspondence of the journal. New York july 12, 1s48. Yielding to the urgent solicitations of a Soldier who retired about two years since from the austrian service i became on monday last the companion of the Man who is familiar in his own experience with tie trials and toils and Monotony of a Camp life. On that Day we visited together the ship american Eagle which arrived on the Day previous having sailed from London on the 8th of May last. The wooden Walls of this packet have for sixty three consecutive Days shut out the roaring angry wave hedging in within a narrow confined and sickening fastness almost three Hundred souls who have submitted to the grievances of a Day knowing that another Day after the interval of a month or two they will stand free blessed with a Happy Prospect of a United Prosperity in the american states. The condition of the Steerage passengers on Board of these vessels might and should be considered by those who receive the pecuniary Reward for floating them across the sea. Ventilation and cleanliness would add greatly to their Comfort and if the system of Fourier May be advantageously adopted and safely followed anywhere methinks there is an opening on Board of ships of this among parties of immigrants. In a dark and disgusting apartment they eat drink sleep and Converse limited to the Forward deck for their promenade they have no pleasure no interest in this tedious voyage save the anticipated change of a Safe arrival and Early disembarkation i. Let me digress somewhat now and return to the task marked out by the funeral obsequies of to Day. That which a relentless War and the accompaniment of a lingering and fatal disease have not spared but returned to us a cold and inanimate form which is All that the moistened Eye can gaze upon and All that we May linger around and sorrow Over with Heartfelt anguish is presented to us at this moment. Of those who went Forth to Battle with a firm step and cheerful response to the summons of a country demanding Quot Inden Iii for the past Quot and satisfied not without Security for the future Quot Many Humble and zealous men composing that band of soldiery As a body unequalled for their intelligence and Enterprise Many fearless officers and Many Good men Quot who wandered from the Happy Fields that smile around the Village of Content and sought with wayward feet the torrid desert of ambition have become the tenants of a Battle Field s grave ranged in one sad Long line together their bodies have in common helped to close the hideous yawning Trench Robed not in shroud flinging around the evidences of a Friend s last Mournful reverence and melancholy care encased not in polished mahogany with plate of Silver upon the Portal admonishing of the last quiet Home of the slumbered within nor yet hemmed in by the less costly and stained Pine which shuts out for a Brief period the Worms which crawl and feed upon their bodies. War leaves no time for the exhibition of respect and of solicitous interested Ness in behalf of those who fall in the deadly encounter. Tis Only when the Battles Are o or when friends at a distance recur to the past and realize the loss which Falls heavily upon them that we May look abroad and learn the restoration of a body mangled and defaced to the family churchyard to the quiet Tomb. In my last letter i recorded the names of the officers attached to the new York regiment who fell in their coun try i service. Their remains lie in state to Day while Ari fund them and Over them is spread that Standard which waved triumphantly Over Many a Well fought Field and pointed but to Victory. To Day that Flag curtains the death slumbers of those who faced the fire storm the Iron rain and who yielded not to an enemy but rather sunk to the Earth in the embrace of death. I forbear to write further upon these sad topics at another time a recital of to Day s solemnities. Passing Over politics for the hour it May not be inappropriate to make a reference to the news by the Steamer Caledonia which sailed from Liverpool on the 24th june. Because we have the most direct communication with France we have heedlessly neglected to speak of matters in other parts of Europe there is however another reason. Those who originate a worthy movement generally justly deserve All the Praise attract All the attention and receive All the sympathy to which their actions entitle them. Thus it is with France and notwithstanding the austrian Empire As it existed before the French revolution of february last and As it exists nominally but not actually at the present moment covers a surface of 45,000 Square Miles larger than France of 138,000, larger than the United kingdom and of 141,000, larger than its rival kingdom of Prussia. Still All discussions relate to France and but a trifling interest is manifested in the austrian revolution. With an emperor who is the head of the most illustrious House in Europe and at the same time governor of one of the most splendid , and Rich of the empires of the Globe we must stand and do nought but wonder at wis intellectual faults weakness and general deficiencies. The government of Austria has for Many years been entrusted to the hands of Prince Metternich who was driven into exile by the students of the University of Vienna assisted by a few shop keepers and a body of those forming the Middle class of society. Following the movements of France the austrians have not yet attained even the quiet of that Republic by destiny and Long will they remain a confused chaos unless relieved by the Wisdom of a Lamartine or of one of that stamp whose feelings flow Over with intense anxiety for the adoption of a Good government and the preservation of order. J. B. W. An act to provide for the ventilation of passenger vessels and for other purposes passed both houses of Congress and received the approbation of the president May 17,1848. J. B. W. How the volunteers . Gorman s detachment of Indiana volunteers passed hereon tuesday. There was no regular vote taken among them in regard to the presidency but a great number expressed their opinions pretty freely and we were assured that More than three fourths of the regiment would vote for Gen. J Aylor. I Jie colonel however is a staunch Democrat and that perhaps deterred Many of the men from saying who they were for. In the five companies of the 1st Massachusett s regiment that passed Here yesterday there were 11 officers whom we conversed with 7 of the 11 declared themselves democrats but did not say they would vote for Cass. But we Learned in the course of our conversation with them that a Large majority of the men would certainly vote for Taylor. On the same boat were 290 officers and men of the 2d a. Regiment and All officers and men were enthusiastic in their admiration of old Zack arid loudly proclaimed their determination to vote for the old . Courier. General Taylor never chewed tobacco never drunk any rum never smoked a Cigar never oved any Man a cent a never was suede never sued any Man himself never was Dunne do never Dunne any body and he never lost a battled and Tiew surrendered. Old Fayette in the Field the whigs of this Siering county had a glorious meeting at Connersville on the St inst. It was addressed by messes. D. P. Holloway j. A. Matson j. H. Farque Lier and s. W. Parker. The following resolutions expressive of the True whig spirit presented by a committee of which s. W. Parker was chairman were unanimously adopted resolved that we Are whigs and not Loco focus because we Are for popular Liberty against prerogative a we contend for the supremacy of the legislative department a they advocate a Strong Central executive Power be contend for the Wal and privilege of the people As expressed through their representative a they advocate the frer Oatice of the president the one Man veto Power that we recognize this As the great dividing line Between the two great parties in this country which in the language of Jeffi Irson in his letter to Lafayette in 1824, will always exist however party names May he changed. Resolved that we were baptised by the glorious name of whig at the time and because this Issue was forced upon us by the use and advocacy of the one Man veto Power resorted to by Loco focus to prevent the passage of Wise and wholesome Laws demanded and agreed upon by the people their representative.? their we were again reminded that the historian of George Iii says a the necessity of strengthening the prerogative of the Monarch and of supporting the dignity of the Crown is the incessant theme of tory argument and and that the illustrious Edmund Burke says Quot a whig should entertain a constitutional jealousy of the executive government his Eye should be steadily fixed upon ministers and his ear towards the resolved that when we cease to stand on the platform Here Laid Down we will cease to be whigs that As to All other questions that have Aris jul Between the two parties we stand on our ancient ground but those questions May be regarded As questions of policy which May be modified suspended or even abandoned As time or circumstances May indicate their expediency a but the great principle of popular Liberty against executive prerogative can never be changed or Ali Andone without at the same time destroying our Republican form of government. Resolved that As whigs we rejoice and congratulate our whig Brethren everywhere in the fact that we have secured for our Standard bearer one so eminently orthodox on this great principle of whig Vitaliy Zachary Taylor says Quot the Power Given by the Constitution to the executive to interpose his veto is a High conservative poster but in my opinion should never he exercised except in cases of Clear violation of the Constitution or Manifest lug Ste or want of con Sideras on by Congress. Luneed a have thought that for Many years past the known opinions Aud wishes of the executive have exercised undue and injurious influence upon the legislative department of the government and for this cause i have thought our system was in danger of undergoing a great change from its True theory. The per Sonal opinion of the individual Olio May happen to occupy the executive chair ought not to control the action of Congress upon questions of Domestic policy nor ought his objections to be interposed when questions of constitutional Power have been settled by the various departments of the government and acquiesced in by the people. Upon the subject of the Tarim the currency tha Lupro Cement of our great highways Rivers likes harbours the will of the people us expressed through their representatives in Congress ought to be respected and carried resolved that the foregoing sentiments of Gen. Taylor express the True Republican Aud whig doctrine with which we Are not Only Content Fulwell pleased that we utterly detest and abhor the Loco Foco doctrine that the executive who never is or can be elected by the people directly a and who May secured his office by even a meagre minority of the people s votes must be regarded As the True representatives and exponents of the Veople s wishes that he May assume for himself As did Louis Xiv that i am the state a whilst the people s repose natives in Congress coming together from every a a Art Nook and Corner of the whole Union where they were elected by the people , in single districts Are to be overruled and Rode Down on All questions of Domestic policy by the Man executive veto Power should they presume to Dijer the president we believe that All True democrats regard that doctrine with As much detestation As we do and As Only becoming tories. Loco focus Lewis Cass co. That we Are Safe in taking this High whig ground at this time we Are confident because we have for i t All As above set Forth the plighted Faith of a Patriot a Soldier a Man whose honesty is proverbial whose Honor was never stained of one who proved hindi Elf like Washington equal to every emergency in a Long life time of signal service. Resolved that in , we also recognize a Sterling whig and an a Hii Iest Many one who has done his country eminent service ail our unqualified approbation. Therefore it is unanimously resolved by us the whigs of Fayette in general assembled. That we do most heartily approve and ratify the actions of our National convention in Thea election of a Ciraky Taylor of , As our candidate for president Aud of Millard Fillmore of new York As our candidate for vice president of the United states and we hereby pledge ourselves to use All reasonable and honorable Means to secure their election. Resolved further. That we do just As heartily repudiate the pretensions of Lewis Cass for the presidency of the United states for in the language of a co temporary we believe him to be Quot a partisan of Royalty abroad a demagogue at Home a federalist in his youth a Jacobin in his age a blustered in his words a renegade in deeds smooth lipped and false hearted seeking by All sorts of inclination to gain unworthy and especially do we repudiate the thirst for War and Conquest indicated by his late declaration that Quot ice might Swallow the whole of Mexico without being Hurt by we therefore do hereby declare to our whig Brethren everywhere each for himself in the late language of Martin Van Buren to his friends Quot do unhesitatingly approve the course you propose to pursue in i withholding your votes from governor Cass and shall do so myself Quot resolved that we do in the language recently used by general Taylor Quot sincerely rejoice at the Prospect of peace Quot a that we do As he says Quot look upon War at �.11 times and under All circumstances As a National calamity to be avoided if compatible with National Honor that the principles of our government As Well As its True policy Are opposed to the subjection of other nations and the of other countries by Conquest. In the language of the great Washington Why should we quit our own to stand on foreign ground Quot from the Trenton state Gazette. Rough and ready song. Tune Dantly Jim. Our country Calls once More to arm.=. To save your work shops and your farms Quot Cid rough and ready Quot makes the Call the invitation s to you All. Let Palo Alto be our cry and on the Breeze Resaca Fly til Buena Vista s deeds repay the conqueror of Monterey. The Empire state with Noble Pride. Has placed her Fillmore Side by Side to run the people s race with Zack so Cass and Butler Clear the track. Let Palo Alto amp a a sound More Welcome than the rest lights up the Prairies of the West tis Ashland s Thunder bursts away the Well known voice of Henry Clay let Palo Alto amp a. Now Quot in the dark and troubled night Quot a Star is seen on Bunker s height to guide the old whig army Home. The tribes of Dan United come. Lei Palo Alto amp a. Our Gallant Scott brings up the rear his burning soup the Locos fear their old Reserve can Neer escape the deadly aim of Taylor s grape. Let Palo Alto Quot a i a. Our Harbor boys will wheel about. And help to Clear the Cass Cade out. Quot Chicago s letter Quot they will read. And Snag him in the hour of Neeti. Let Palo Alto amp la. The people say Cass has been Dull. Since he surrendered under Hull and with that sword he broke in two a mexican Brave Pillow slew. Let Palo Alto amp a. When starving Ireland cried for food Cass like his native Granite stood. He dreamed the Day was far Remote. E or he would want the Irish vote. Let Palo Alto amp a. Cass rides a Foote by donkeys led. Polk has a Pillow for his head and should his Buckeye Bashaw fail. He has a Cushing for his Tail. Let Palo Alto &.c. The Sov reign people will it so old Zack must to the White House go for that High station he was made he never wore the Black cockade. Let Palo Alto &.c. A scene in the a s. Quot that impertinent fellow at Gen. Cass Cleveland speech bids fair to be the great Effort on the part of the Loco focus for the Campaign. It is attracting Universal attention and is every where regarded As a decided hit. We clip the following from the n. Y. Herald s report of a recent debate in the Senate noise at Cleveland. Or. Mangum contended that nobody could doubt the doctrines of the whig party. Old rough and ready was a whig and his name was such that it was melting even the abolitionists of the Frozen North. The ides of november would satisfy the senator of the popular estimate of Gen. Taylor s . We have a bold candidate. He was particularly bold at Cleveland Only there was so much noise a general applause a there was so much noise that he could not be heard. Or. Hannegan he los this voice in defending his country against the British. The fellow at Cleveland or. Footer the senator from Softli Carolina says it is a saving. What s that ? Why sir the devils in hell were saved they were Only sent Down to never wasting what shall we conserve ? shall we conserve federalism ? god forbid or. Foote then expressed his curiosity to know where Gen. Taylor Learned the truths of political science. He has said he knows nothing about them. Where did he learn them at Cambridge at Baton Rouge or from the Angels in heaven ? next or. Foot speaking of the Cleveland affair where the question upon Rivers and Naibors was put to Gen Cass and he could not hear it said after a High Eulogius upon Gen. Cass As scorning to shuffle himself into office As having vanquished every antagonist in the Senate that that question was like the impertinent question put to or. Clay in Indiana by or. Mendenhall on the subject of slavery which or. Clay refused to answer. And yet sir this impertinent fellow at Cleveland 1 forget his name or. Dickenson Wood Wood would if he a a a a voice did if this aint a scene. Or. Footer like the fellow in Indiana who got no answer a whig or. Clay did answer him. The question now is will the Quot old chief Quot having booked the contumely of Cass tamely submit to be thus railed at by the Mississippi Hangman just views. Hon. Thomas Ewing of Ohio recently addressed a letter to the whigs of that state urging the support of general Taylor for the presidency. We take from that letter the following extract to which we ask the attention of our readers it has been objected that he is a military chieftain and it is True that few men in any age or nation have achieved a More Brilliant and enduring Fame than his. With some five thousand men chiefly volunteers and new recruits he routed the regular mexican army of 20,0p men commanded by their most distinguished Genera tand tactician this Victory won against such fearful Odds and by new undisciplined troops is Honor enough. It proves too How great How abiding and implicit was the Confidence of the troops in their Gallant commander. Nevertheless i would As an example prefer the selection of a candidate from civil life. But experience proves that the profession or employment of a candidate has Little connexion with his fitness. Washington was a Soldier. Polk a lawyer. The names in juxtaposition suggest the whole argument. One loved peace the other War the one adhered to the Constitution the other violated one of its most important and Wisest provisions one said Quot Why should we quit our own to stand on foreign ground Quot the other sought new territory by Conquest. This proves what All of us know that professions Are nothing while sound principles and honest purposes Are everything. I care not from what walks of life a Man comes if he brings with him a honest heart and a capable head. There is a Security in that but none in the intrigues of Hack Nied politicians. A we gave a few Days ago tie rest lution8 passed by the volunteers on Board the m. A Hamer. The Henderson kentuckian publishes the vote taken on Board that boat just before its arrival at Henderson. It stood for Taylor 384, cw9 8, Van Buren 8.�?�qu. Jar Taylor opposed to slavery Extension. There can be no doubt about Gen. Taylor being opposed to the Extension of slavery. His letters to Gen. Gaines and the Cincinnati signal Are proof of this fact. That he lives in a slave state is no argument that he wishes its Extension. Thousands of the citizens of the South believe slavery to be wrong in every aspect in which it can be viewed. The following from the Philadelphia news is additional evidence on this subject Quot an intelligent Friend lately from Rouge la., called at our office the other Day and gave us a neral outline of the appearance and character of general Taylor. He said that the general in person bears a near resemblance to Gen. Markle of Westmoreland being a strongly built Well proportioned Man of medium height and without any tendency to corpulence that he is Plain in his apparel and exceedingly Bland and repossessing in his manners that he is a Man of sound common sense Antl possesses a most discriminating and Correct judgment and evinces deep reflection and much research regard to All general subjects especially those of a practical character. He had frequent conversations with him on the subject of slavery and was pleased to find that he was opposed to its Extension and that he had always been opposed to the acquisition Orion quest of any part of Mexico he spoke of Gen Taylor s friends in m Isi Sippi and Louisiana As being for the greater part confined to the sugar , who Are whigs and sound Tariff men while the Only opposition he will meet with in these states will be from the Cotton planters who Are Loco focus and free traders. What makes this information the More reliable Are the Cir instances that it comes from a gentleman of acute observation he go sense of hoi Pri inflexible integrity anti one of the most whigs in the j country. Indignation of the returned volunteers proceedings of the volunteers aboard the Steamer m. B. volunteers Are returning Home Quot indignant at the manner in which they Are to be discharged. They expected to be discharged at the first port in this country and to be allowed there their pay and mileage that each might return Home in his own Way or go and Settle where Ever he wished. Many of them had determined to fix themselves in the West and not go Home for a year or two. But not being Able to get their Bounty lands and their mileage at new Orleans they were compelled to submit. The volunteers aboard the Steamer Hamer from Baltimore and Ohio on their Way from new Orleans to this place adopted the following resolutions. Out of 138 officers and men 135 signed the proceedings. On Board the Steamboat m. B. Hamer new Orlean -. Uly 3, 1848. At a meeting of the officers and men attached to the Volunteer corps and returning from Mexico convened on Board the Steamer m. B. Hamer capt. M. K. Taylor was called to the chair when the following preamble and resolutions relative to the character of the recent orders for their transportation were unanimously adopted we the undersigned officers and men of the Volunteer corps attached to the command hereafter designated and on Board the Steamer m. Pm. Hamer on our return from Mexico cannot in common with other volunteers withhold the expression of our Seik Sti of tiie very signal manner in which we have been aggrieved. Directly contrary to All former precedents when volunteers were discharged at the next seaport in the enemy s country or the first Landing place in the unite states and their remainder pay and mileage disbursed to them we have been shipped for those joints Whereat we were mustered into service without More regard to health or Comfort than is usually extended to slaves or cattle three or four men being crowded into the space which should have been allotted to one. Nor could this distressing arrangement be obviated by any violation of our own. We had to embark in such vessels As were designated by government orders received at new Orleans and As the stated pay accorded to officers and men while in Mexico where exorbitant prices Are charged for the commonest necessaries of life rendered Economy futile the disappointment originating from being defrauded of our mileage and for the pitiful purpose of saving a few thousand dollars to the National Treasury has but intensified our distress. Add to this that Many of us non commissioned officers and men who have to go to our Homes two or three Hundred Miles from those Points where we shall be left by the government conveyances without Money without shoes or clothing and with broken health like vagrants or beggars covered with rags and shame and dependents on the precarious Charity of strangers from which ignominious humiliation a Liberal mileage or even a timely dispersal of our legitimate pay would have exempted us. The author of conduct so atrocious whether he be Gen Butler or president Polk and we consider them both equally culpable the former being in new Orleans at the Date referred to above to second the execution of the abominable order received from Washington we must naturally hold in the utmost Abhorrence therefore resolved that we must unconditionally denounce the manner of our transportation from new Orleans As antidemocratic in every respect because deeply degrading to the citizen Soldier and resolved that although we have contributed to elevating into Power the present administration and expended our sweat and blood in fighting its Battles in a foreign land we shall earnestly do Battle against it and All falsely styled democrats at the coming election and. Resolved that we shall use our legitimate efforts to Advance to the chief magistracy of our country Gen. Z. Taylor whom we believe to be a sound Democrat a True Patriot the Soldier s Friend the Friend of Justice and of equal rights. And resolved that the Taylor papers through Lieut the country give publicity to the above preamble and resolutions. The attempted fraud exposed. Our readers will recollect that or. Mangum in his place in the Senate charged that a Large edition of the life of Gen. Cass had been published for the South and another for the North. The first edition contains his views in opposition to the Wilmot proviso whilst it was stricken out of the latter in remarking upon this matter the Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia North american holds the following language Quot the attempt to perpetuate so Gross a fraud upon the Public As that of representing the candidate of a great party to hold opposite opinions upon the most vital question of the times with a View of operating on each Section has already produced a moral re action and roused the country to a sense of the impending danger and of the desperate Means that will be employed to promote the election of Gen. Cass. Quot with a View of impairing the effect of the recent exposure or. Bright one of the Kitchen Cabinet of Gen. Cass addressed a note to Blair amp Rives affecting to inquire into facts of which he was not ignorant for the purpose of varnishing one of the most daring deceptions Ever conceived and of giving a partial colouring to publications professing to be identical but designed to reach the prejudices of the North and South respectively. Quot instead of replying themselves Blair Rives Lirow the responsibility upon a convenient clerk As or. Walker did upon the democratic association when detected in a equally flagrant tricks and that clerk in trying to shield his employers and the party furnishes the most positive proof of their conviction. He says there were four editions two in March and two in june. Now Why were there two editions in each month because one was intended for Southern circulation and the other for Northern. This witness labors to produce the impression that the objection to the first edition consisted in the omission of a letter from Gen. Jackson and says that it was rendered Quot unsaleable Quot on Liat account. This is certainly a doubtful compliment to Gen. Cass and to his supporters but it cannot Avail them in the particular object for which it was intended. The design is to Force the inference that in order to insert Gen. Jackson s letter in the second edition june it was necessary to omit a portion of the matter of the first edition March and thus to explain the suppression of the extract from the Nicholson letter and the commentary accompanying it. Now Are the facts so they Are not and this double deception Only fixes the infamy deeper. I have before me the two editions of june in both of which the letter of Gen. Jackson is contained one of them has the citation from the Nicholson letter with remarks against the Wilmot proviso a in the other it is entirely suppressed and the Only mention made of the proviso is apologetic to the free states. Quot hence it is now Manifest that this disgraceful fraud has been preserved throughout All the editions and that the attempted explanation has clinched the evidence beyond the possibility of escape. Quot the Union characterizes this deception As a Quot Small compared with some of the frauds and outrages of the party it May be Quot Small Quot but viewed by them who have been accustomed to honesty and truth for their weapons in conducting a political canvass the offence is monstrous and of itself should be sufficient to condemn its authors to defeat and disgrace. There Are honorable men among our opponents whose prejudices have not blinded their sense of integrity and right who regard the transaction in quite another Light from or. Richie. When or. Hannegan became fully impressed with the extent and character of the cheats for in his first answer to or. Mangum he was evidently ignorant of the variety of editions that had been issued he Rose in his place with Manly indignation and branded its authors As Quot Black hearted villains Quot and every thing that was infamous. Quot experience has blunted the sensibilities of the editor of the Union if Ever they were very tender in the matter of political honesty for his practice of late years has been to inculcate the lacedaemonian principle of morals not to punish for the crime but for the capt. elegant sword was presented to capt. Bragg by the citizens of Mobile on the fourth of july. He was addressed on the occasion by or. Lindsay in a speech full of eloquence and Beauty. His reply was equally eloquent and Beautiful. We copy one paragraph passing by the incident of fort Brown and Monterey to which you have so eloquently alluded i May be pardoned for saying in reference to the More memorable Field of Buena Vista that the credit which has been awarded me for the part performed by my command on that occasion has had its origin in the disinterestedness and generosity of our Noble old chief who is Ever inclined to bestow on others honors justly due to himself. To Gen. Taylor and to him alone belongs All the glory of that achievement. And i but express the Universal opinion of those who served under him in saying that no other living Man could have obtained that Victory. So great was that Confidence reposed in him by his troops and no other could Haye commanded it that his presence on any Paft of the Field was sufficient not Only to change despair into Hope but to of Victory and dispel All doubt of ultimate Triumph. The Boston Post lately boasted that capt. Bragg was a Democrat. He is a Democrat but like tens of thousands of other democrats he supports Gen. Taylor for the presidency with his whole heart. Col. distinguished gentleman addressed a mass meeting of the whigs of Bracken county at Brookville on saturday last. The Maysville Herald says his sketch of the character and service of Gen. Taylor was Superior to anything of the same kind we have Ever heard and we speak but the Universal sentiment of the audience when we say that his friends May safely rest his claims to distinction upon his capacity Asa Public speaker As upon his celebrated Santa be expedition has Given him a Fame co extensive with the civilized fir a. Col. P. Was expected to Addesa the Roveigh and ready club of Mason county in Maysville last evening. His eloquent whig speeches Are the Best possible reply to the late Loco Foco slander that he had abandoned the whig party. Gen. Taylor in is an interesting of a letter from po8ey\ county la., that we have just read dated on the 2d inst \ i am in for Quot old Zack Quot As Are Lotis of other Democrat. The county you know gave Polk a majority of yearly 500. Well we Are going to demolish that a a perhaps squeeze out a majority for the Man that never Surre liders if things go on Astl by seem to now. We at first set our pegs to give the vote of Harrison in 40, which was 353 Niaj Rity for Van but we will do a. Jour Washington s Farewell address. Or. Winthrop in his oration at the laying of the Corner Stone of the Washington Monument thus happily spoke of the Farewell address of the father of his country on retiring from Public office Quot in that incomparable address in which he bade Farewell to his countrymen at the close of his presidential service he touched upon Many other topics with the earnestness of a sincere conviction. He called upon them in solemn terms to Quot cherish Public credit Quot to Quot observe Good Faith and Justice towards All nations Quot avoiding both Quot inveterate antipathies and passionate attachments Quot towards any to mitigate and assuage the unquenchable fire of party spirit Quot lest instead of warming it should consume Quot to abstain from Quot characterising parties by geographical distinctions Quot Quot to promote institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge Quot to respect and uphold Quot religion and morality those great pillars of human happiness those firmest props of the duties of men and of but what can exceed what can equal the accumulated intensity of thought and of expression with which he Calls upon them to cling to the Union of the states. Quot it is of infinite amount Quot says he in language we ought never to be weary of hearing or of repeating Quot that you should pro Perly estimate the immense value of your National Union to your collective and individual happiness that you should cherish a cordial habitual immovable attachment to it acc Stoming yourselves to think and speak of it As of the palladium of your political safety and Prosperity watching for its preservation with zealous anxiety disco a Tenan cing whatever May suggest even a suspicion that it can in any Eoenie be abandoned and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeebled the sacred ties which now link together the various the Union the Union in any Eye i was thus the s anti ments of Washington. The Union the Union inane event let it be our sentiments this Day yes to Day fellow citizens at the very moment when the Extension of our boundaries and the multiplication of our territories Are producing directly and indirectly among the different members of our political system so Many marked and mourned centrifugal tendencies let us seize this occasion to renew to each other our views of allegiance and Devotion to the american Union and let us recognize in our common title to the name and the Fame of Washington and in our common veneration for his example and his advice the All sufficient centripetal Power which shall hold the thick clustering stars of our confederacy in one glorious Constellation forever let the column which we Are about to construct be at once a pledge and an Emblem of perpetual Union let the foundation be Laid let tue superstructure be built up and cemented let each Stone be raised and riveted in a spirit of National brotherhood and May the earliest Ray of the rising Sun till that Sun shall set to Rise no More draw Forth from it daily As from the it fabled statue of Antiquity a Strain of National Harmony which shall strike a responsive chord in every heart throughout the Republic Quot the two lives of Gen. Cass. The exposure by or. Mangum in the Senate of the fraud for such it is attempted to be practice upon the people by the deliberate preparation for general circulation of two lives of Gen. Cass differing essentially and on a most vital Point with each other has caused a great sensation in the ranks of Gen. Cass supporters and has excited the indignation of every honest Man. It was explained by or. Mangum that the lives were prepared one for circulation in the South so As to suit the Peculiar views of that Region and the other for circulation in the North in which the passages intended for Southern readers were omitted. We have received from Washington copies of the two lives. The passages inserted in the Southern edition hut omitted in the Northern edition Are As follows Quot in december 1847, general Cass gave his views at length upon the Wilmot proviso in a Tetter to or. Nicholson of Tennessee. In that letter he avowed himself opposed to the measure and to the exercise of any of the territories of the United states respecting the Domestic relations of their inhabitants. He believed that All questions of that nature should he settled by the people themselves who ought to fee allowed to regulate their internal Soiu Cerns in their own Way and that Congress has no Soret Power to abolish or to establish slavery in such a territory than it has to regulate any other of the relative dates of social life that of husband and wife of Parent and child or of master and servant. He said in Conci Union Quot the Wilmot proviso seeks to take from Ita legitimate tribunal a question of Domestic policy having no relation to the Union As such a fld to Transfer it to another created by the people for a special purpose and foreign to the subject matter involved in this Issue. By going Back to our the principles we go Back to the Road of peace and safety. Leave to the people who will be affected by this question to adjust it upon their responsibility and in their own Naan Ner and we shall Render another tribute to the Origi Ival principles of our government and furnish another guaranty for its permanence and the major generals in the army a a letter from Washington in the new York journal of Commerce says it is provided by an existing Law that the president upon the conclusion of a treaty shall designate one major general who shall go out of the army and two brigadier generals the House passed a Bill repealing this proviso or. Benton has reported this Bill with an amendment suspending the proviso till the 4th of March so As to relieve or. Polk from the duty. He proposes to provide also that no vacancy shall be filled in the meantime. Either Gen. Scott or Gen. Taylor must therefore to designated on the 4th of March by the president a grated on that Day. To go out of the Ari. Gene at Al for has expected that the Law would take eff Felt it with a Wek or two from this time and i learn that a has taken his measures to meet the emergency in a manner consistent with the g�n�ero3ity of his character. He has its said addressed a letter to the president which w ill be proud at a proper time resigning his own commission in the array in behalf of the continuance of Gan. Scott at the head of the army course was upon general Taylor before Bis Noro Inatio by he Conw Tioy

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