Page 4 of 10 Dec 1829 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana State Gazette in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana State Gazette (Newspaper) - December 10, 1829, Indianapolis, Indiana A acquit the commissioners of and improper intention to do a pub a Vic injury yet the route particularly North of the Wabash which has enlisted their preference seems to me neither a compliance with the meaning arid spirit of the treaty nor to afford a guarantee of much Public Utility. If it is looked to As the Means of aiding the drive on foot to the Lake to Weir. Cate and hogs to be Liere slaughtered barrelled up and shipped to the Market if Shelak should be viewed As a place of a Deposit for other commodities and the Point from which foreign Salt and other supplies Are to be brought into the Interior it of the country it argues that the Road to that Point should be on a direct line or As nearly so As practicable. It must Loose much Orite a ii if it does not in Lime i together fall into Dis Iise by a circuitous Extension of its course to meet its intended commercial Points. The route preferred by the report measures upwards of one Hundred Miles from the Wabash i retake. The one rejected Only seventy three the differ enee being nearly thirty Miles then the matter a resolves it self into this that in order to be permitted to Ravel from one Point to another Only seventy three mile apart the traveller Emigrant or citizen must be placed under the unreasonable new Cassity of taking upon himself the labor of Over coming Twenty a a right or thirty More. The reason urged against the Short a sri a Ltd Shatil Quot fill require bridging cause Waying or ing Quot and that if is wet m places or level and marshy a doubtless apply to the Long Fine a and is rather a reason in Favi a of a route designed As this is for a Clay Turnpike Ian against it. There is no material better suited than marshy land we properly graded to make a substantial Clay Turnpike for Supe rior to Richion. The report further shows Fiat the Short Survey runs through Trihy three Miles of Good land a tract altogether sufficient from which to select the whole donation. Both routes terminate it the Mouth of the River Desman we Harbour for vessels May be easily made. If there is any thing to require and justify this increase of distance it has not fallen a in thingy observation. Let he Long route even be established and --0 soon a the country is settled on the Lake and the i Bash it must in the nature of things yield to Public necessity for a Shorter . If the position can be sustain that this Road can be carried to a Point almost As far North the Lake and then run West to it increasing its regular Estin Ted distance nearly thirty Miles then indeed by he same reasoning it May be made to Lake ils circa ambient course along pub made. The amount of Money capital created by the Sale Ted by a report of the canal committee of the House of re a a would also Point out tie required loan which should be equal preventatives at the last session now spread upon the journals to the credits on the land subject to be extinguished by the a by a reference Owhi Whitwill be seen that the scheme there he cities of the slate s Border until it finds the place of King an imposing improvement its Lodgment. The St. Josephs where the Road As now located strikes it cannot be relied upon and cannot be navigated except by keel boats Only at freshest a while River at this Ali being about its equal. Wilh regard to the Section of this Road South of he seat of government duty to myself and to the slate Combine in urging me to stale that inasmuch As those who procured the inset Tion of the article in the Indian treaty which cedes in land for making the Road in question have suffered in re Pula Tion Bylthe insinuation that they lacked Independence in in fixing the Point on the Ohio River the executive of this Seal a if authorised by Law is willing to appoint commissioners thai will perform this highly responsible duty. The performance o so very unpleasant and responsible a task is not however sought for Only As a Dernier resort o putting an end to ques a Ion which has already had Loo great an influence upon the legislation and politics of the stale. The subject of disposing of the lands granted for this work has within the past year engrossed much of my reflection. All the investigation i have been Able to bestow upon it has res Ted in the sober conviction that the Road May be improved the Best manner by the direct apply Caliopi of the land itself in payment of the contractors without incurring the expenses a and delays incidental to a Sale or by creating the largest amount of obligations or promises or stocks equal to Money drawing interest which a Sale of the land would be capable of product my on the most Liberal credit under sure penalties and on Safe securities. These two modes of disposition undersell the circumstances Wilh which the subject is associated Are selected As the Best of a number proposed. And of these the. Latter is preferred not As being More simple but As most profitable to the slate. The first offers its inducements to favour by the despatch it would insure Loire consummation of the of Jerl in View As under it the work might go on at once which might compensate in part for a sacrifice of a portion of the advantage consequent on delay and Asalein the manner alluded to in testing the merits of the first proposition the Issue of certificates or scrip made negotiable and payable in land. Of eight acre tracks to be selected by the bolder and entered in some Public office at such a minimum Price As to make the certificate equal to the Legal currency of the country but of the value path e land it covers May be with propriety taken into a consideration. But the question of sole Points outfits own concomitants Many of which Bear with them their own 1 weapons if defence. A Sale of these lands for Twenty annual a Ament from the tiny of Sale the whole bearing inter stat the irate of six per cent per annul from the Day of Sale sex. Keepf the first payment which then together Wilh the interest of he whole Purchase Money a unpaid should be paid in cd Tance and so on yearly afterwards combines More advantages and is subject to fewer objections than any other plan which my Humble capacity has been Able to embrace. The payments should be so divided and regulated As to make the frs Tihe largest the second the next largest and so on with the Advance of Eais diminishing each payment Down to the last a a pay a Merit in Advance with interest of the remaining Purchase Money to lie made yearly so that the purchaser will be be of Iliin Inore and More interested in the land have stronger and stronger inducements to comply with his , with the jaw of years and the consequent dual investment of Money if the and. If the constantly a a creasing inducements which this pub to the up Rabassi Dot to injure the soil or Timber to a greater extent than Tolje Lind is benefited by the improvements made or if in being increased in value by should not if considered sufficient a to slay the i commission Quot of waste let the Law contain a suitable injunction a inst its perpetration until at least a the Origina. A Uryase Manoy shall have been paid after which interest i win operates a preventative before As an inducement to pay that half speedily. Certificates promising to make a Tille. Where the Fasi payment is made Grill make the land its own Eeck qty. A i Phi legs Topaz whole at ony the should a be offered let the Road by divided into three Seckons to by completed in three years the first Section to commence it the i Riv i and extend to India Lapolito be finished the first Iier the second at the in to of place and reaching to the a Siili to in lip nihed the second year we the third Section com in fencing at ibo Wabash and Termi baking at the Lake to be comply Todt a a i hard year. As the Southern Section of Liis Road. Waud by a the Neidg much travelled it should first be to the credits on the land subject to be extinguished by the annual payments due on the same. Prudence a would require Ali loan to be always less than the Sec unties or capital Stock on hand. These securities or Stock will be equal to six per cent Stock and May be at any time easily exchanged for Money. To effect this negotiable collateral obligations May be taken from the purchaser corresponding with the terms o the land certificate and required loan. The above is Butth outlines of that system which it is deemed most expedients adopt under All he Many circumstances with which the land is in ironed. If we sell these lands upon nearly or quite Thi same terms on which government lands Are disposed of they must be expected to command about the same Price. But terms like those recommended which amount to a loan of the Purchase Money enabling the purchaser to make the diff ent payments out of uie land itself Liy his own labor Are c forced alike by Ibe individual benefits they will Confer and the Public interest they must improve. By the operation of the plan suggested monies combi Natii and monopolies will be checked and a fair Competition will take place Between them and those who expect to become Citi zen5,and to cultivate the soil they bid tie supposition hat from he Lake to he Ohio River the whole extern of this Road is two Hundred and thirty Miles there will be a bout one Hundred and fifty thousand acres of select land Dona led by treaty to be applied to its improvement and this sold at Only two dollars per acre would enable us to realize the us f three Hundred thousand dollars. The average per mile Twel Hundred and eighty dollars. This amount or less will make a Lay Tan Pike besides Good Strong wooden Bridges Over la cams if we May make an estimate according to the propositions submitted for cutting and grubbing the Ual ional Road this state which Only averaged two Hundred and Twenty dollars per mile and the grading proportions were equally i a proportion. To your Wisdom the whole is submitted. I shall Lay before you a paper containing or. John Gardi invention Othle roller or wheel Road. Vuu till be pie Rich the ingenuity and plausibility of the scieme of the in or if you Are not disposed to ascribe to him the credit of transporting goods by land c Tor will stand the test Ofpria be exalted in the scale of Inver upon the known facilities or. If the theory of the Cal Experiment its rank i the lid Lorti he. After the adjournment of the last general Assembly in compliance with their Resol Lioni on tie Forl Heidi procured a copy of Ibe same to state of Ohio and also ii Sether Wilh other documents Wlinich were Iho Ugi la be Lra Smil de o he this slam to neg Liale with the commissioner of the i ormer objects of the necessary definitive adjust moist c by the two slates. It is understood that Taliej ii ave Lional stipulation., Llie nature o redeveloped to the separate Legislatures b the c is themselves. It is wished that they had been upon the basis of reciprocity and Wilh an Eye u commencement the rigorous prosecution and successful Ion of the Enterprise in hand. 11 this could have by it the same time guarding against future Cullis Oil b two Stales and preserving to us a reasonable ii Lerest i the negotiation would have been hailed As an a worthy of the most agreeable recollection. H copy to to necessary a appointed Oates plated e agreed up to which concluded the speedy cd Summa Jne Lii cited. 31ween the 1 the Grant. Hic vement the stall Corii i the Ohio. A Quantity of land pro. Portion a tbi9.secqon, by sold and applied the first Quot Quot Quot the other lands and sections in their years. This be better than to Atelj All the land at once Asb. Ibs Dute application of Ita proceeds Confidence tied which would Likely Rem Iii Irice beyond the interest lost a Elay to la is certain Fae amount of Money to Era apply Ion Quot and by?i3ivision, to cach Jnelle until Fety requires that no code facts ought Fob s. anal commissioners one of whom it became my duty last Spring until your meeting to appoint in the room of Robert Jshii Esq. Resigned have succeeded Wilh inthe past tons of the canal lands and i giving Iden Uty to the canal it they will Shew to you by their own report plans a i the a shewing the inti a sections of the slate land with what belongs to the United slates having been made out and forwarded Thi fall to the general land office no doubt remains but that Thi t lands As also the whole Purchase of 1826, will by brought into Market in tie Spring. According to the letter to if the commissioner of the general and office they would have been offered for Sale this fall but for the want of the plats mentioned. Presuming that after much discussion and Long reflection the Public mind has taken a favourable turn towards this canal fit can be completed in a reasonable period and without deep involvement and alter your approval of the arrangement made Wilh Ohio the momentous question which must arise is As to the Mann so the a Chi Media lever of All such colossal enterprises a without appealing directly to the pockets of the people Jan the pressure of additional burdens upon whom nothing will sooner prostrate Etli actually the desirable work a the Reni friends of this communication i their aim is ultimate ,shouidsl9ndundiiiii/ed,in looking that Indof system that unsophisticated policy which by its own influence and effective Power unaided by stale finance who Lay he foundation for producing the entire Means ii but of or at a More Distant Day for its Moat Safe most certain and _ repeatable Reliance against the fluctuations of a mutable Public opinion. The most of he substantive outlines Ofosu chases tem have been delineated in the remarks already submitted on the subject of the lands granted for the Michigan and Ohio Road so that repetition Here would be useless. The last legislature have acted happily on the Good Ide in authorising the Sale of the school be Etiopi except that they Dicj not extend indulgence to put teasers far enough to Embry to the Lull scope of its advantages the High Price Many of the school sections have sold for is an eloquent and convincing commentary on the principle. The Sale of Llie canal lands lying in Indiana for Twenty annual payments drawing interest frown the Day of Sale and requiring the interest of All the payments i paid with the payment due lobe paid in Advance annually As Well As the first pay ment regulated so As o preserve the land against contingency a forfeiture and waste and to secure tie prompt Aymen of principal and a. Leved create six percept. Stock enough having Demnitz to cover loan equal to the estimated Cost of All that part of the canal line which lies in this state. If any other device can to brought Forward which promises by its own eternal evidence to do More than this let it be received. The assumed distance of the canal from the Ohio line to the Mouth of Tippecanoe River is 12 s Miles Aud the Quantity of Lana lobe applied to its improvement is 640 sections , of by recommended contemplated the completion of the canal by he year 1835, together with the Sale of the Nho cof the lands the mean time and the expenditure of All its proceeds at the expiration of the time besides leaving a debt of six Hundred and thirty one thousand nine Hundred and seventy dollars upon the shoulders of the people without any tangible resources to discharge it but a recourse to their private purses and to the tolls and water privileges. Comparison Here would be useless. This work might be finished by the year 1335, and this alarming and ruinous debt avoided if it be thought expedient to commence operations at All before something More definite shall have been fixed upon for the Ohio Section. When the time shall arrive for a commencement the Summit Section opening a limited Commerce should be first put Undi con race. From this Point As fast As resources accumulate it a hould be continued Down the Valley of the Maumee to Thi foot of the rapids and Down the Wabash As Low As Lafayette or lower. The growing importance of Iii town would justify such a result and Render it very probable. The no length of this communication requires my remarks on this interesting matter to be very general. A Confidence in your intelligence leads to to suspect that you anticipate All the various details requisite for so great an undertaking and that you will have no difficulty unassisted by unauthorised dictation Gan izing them into n material element of practical exp Cri before we agree to sell the canal lands to the highest bidder for Cash in hand it will be proper to look Well to consequent Tosca the land for canal purposes will amount to a pledge the general government and to the purchaser logo on with the work or be liable to the one for its value and to the other we fail for damages. And if Cash sales should produce no mor Money than what the commissioners have supposed �500,00 a making the required loan of �500,000 More too great pc the ability or courage of he stale afterwards or so great As to dissuade the legislature from Auto rising loan Rtin indeed the stale will be in almost an inextricable dilemma without a canal and bound to refund after All the trouble and expense incurred o the a filed Stales and to pay damages to the purchaser. In this picture there is reason for alarm. If this legislature shall ratify the treaty which has been concluded Between the two states and if my information is Correct with respect to some of its provisions the ind must be much increased to make the most out of the Grant of land ave chit is susceptible of producing by Selling on a Lonj credit by the great length of Ime which is to transpire before funds will Iro in demand. For from information on which Reli Ance May be placed it appears that the state of Ohio is no bound to Complete the Ohio Scalion in less a me than Fifie i years from the first of january nest. Before that time shall expire the approved plan of sales May be made to accumulate from the interest alone without interrupting the principal Stock an amount to cover a great portion of the estimated Cost of the Indiana part. But if the treaty requires the state of Indiana to cede All the lands which she Liolis in Ohio for canal purposes to that state in some Short time hence by which Ohio will be enabled to sell them and use the proceeds form by years without paying interest and without being then at last bound a Iso use y and Mcmond Elionai a to perform he work but left at her option either to do so or pay Back the Money which Thi land shall have sold Lor a it will become matter of serious re Flection for this body whether the treaty is such As will Mee he views and interests of . The land to be cd Edo the state of Ohio at two dollars and fifty cents an acre will by Worth about four Hundred thousand dollars. If in the course of he next fifteen years the state of Ohio should becom Vinced that the Wabash and Erie canal would withdraw from her other canals a portion of Western Commerce and hav it tendency to diminish their profits or be in any respect inti a us she will have but to adopt the alternative afforded her refusing to operate on the Ohio Section and refund to the state of Indiana the Money for which the land might sell which be paid in such an eve states. In what belter situation then does such a Treais Ali Indian than before it was made How will be affected by it the interest of Ohio she May obtain the use of several Hundred thousand dollars for l be Lerm allowed her to Cut her pm of the canal. Not having seen the treaty i cannot speak with certainly and am at a loss for information As to when it looks to the commencement of the work by Ohio butt is presumed that the act of Congress requiring a beginning in five.,years, has not been overlooked. Lest some remarks in this address on the subject of the Ca-1, and recommending on Werliin terms a Sale of the canal lands May be understood to be offered to induce the acceptance if the treaty it is proper forme Load that they ire intended it to be considered upon the happening of that contingency. If Wilh such provisions of doubtful policy the treaty should be lifted the question of Zayas and tii Carie will then be fairly Beri Yon. But pressed As we Are by necessity for this important link in the Chain of National improvement which promises also to be so useful a Channel for the Commerce of the country my own assent to postpone without certainty in the end for fifteen years the Long looked for benefits expected from it would with to further Effort to do belter be Given with melancholy reluctance. Nor a Ouid any of us without poignant regret see this Ilu Able Grant revert Back to the United states. Rather than think seriously of such a result Yoiiro foresight your prudence lur desire for the Honor of the state would prompt you to me Ori Lize Congress again to authorize the state to change the opposed canal into a rail Way or even a Turnpike Road on the Mal location. There could remain Little doubt Bat hat in this Way the Grant might be preserved. It is the immediate expense of a Canni and the of Competition that alarms Ohio. A single railway would Cost Only but a Little More than half of whats the estimate of a canal As they might be constructed in Indiana Wilh durable Timber mostly. I have seen some estimates As Low As $0200 per mile. Whatever maybe the Fate of the Wabash and Erie canal t. Take pleasure in assuring you that no part of the failure to cn-,1�?will, it is confidently be list Ohio in it within a less period than is stated is Ascribable to major Sullivan our commissioner whose talents and Zeal Loob Ain a better compact for the state have been conspicuously exited on the occasion. Wasa Sii Aku White River obstruct ions. To enable he slate to remove the obstructions in those Val Able Rivers the friends of the Wabash and Erie canal and of steam boat navigation on the Wabash and White Rivers would doubtless gratify majority of the people in the state of Indiana i Gaby wifi Ting in a memorial to Congress for a Grant of the Public ads adequate to the accomplishment of the object. There Val of the Falls in the in abcs of the improvement of the a hit Rivers by Means of the Public Domain maybe sustained reasoning which led to the Grant to open the Ca Neil. For the one is to the other if the slate goes on with lick , she must improve the rapids in the w 000 acres. Quot these lands upon the credit earned consid the advantages of soil climate and water Tom Munich and other valuable append want proper Lesimay be considered Low at the estimate cd �250 per acre on an average. A t this Price they will create a capital of upwards of one million of by tin dollars if sold now. The canal comi missioners estimate the 128 Miles of canal it $i,0blj970, which is thought to to too High. Thus it May be seen that a lock bearing interest Cor i Bash or Cut a canal around them for the passage of All kinds of responding with successive Loans is they Are needed May be boats. No doubt is entertained but that Stunm boats May tra created by periodical or Simuta Nicoiu sales of. These lands As verse the White riders if they a ire Well improved through Hun May be thought most advisable Rel her exceeding than falling dress of Miles four territory and that the seat of government Short of the completo Cort of the canal. It is contended by i will Ere Long to visited by Lliso messengers of Fullon simmer some that the next Best plan to this is the one which is present Tal. Genius. Kew a Imbt Sustik. Whu lever ii novel and Iii Lednid to Lup Pluck Titan listed Uia Gei however confirmed by prejudice or Replete with hoary error majority of cues no jelled the la 0 Une Ovied notoriety. As to the modify Calinoiu which will Beso billed Ander Iii Bead it is not a tended to claim an in Valgence for not being aware f the Fate that a ails Bim. A conic ii Lions conviction that it a my duty a induced by any latent comi Emlion o advise Salsa Pavlian revision of the militia Lam of Ibia state As ii called for by the advanced pro a Timof he principle of Ole ratio and by he Idelli Gynce and tactics of the i Lustri us age we live in will not even by count do the Cli aces of its tac Ceis permit me to be silent. Experience which is the test of ill human of game Laws and Regul Aliona offers her objection to the i policy and Ina Quot Lily of repeating so frequently and Hunsuc be tidally a templs upon Al temp to to tract the great Masi of the people in the Art of War. The Chi fabric Refo Tattoo of Oor Brave count Romeo and the military science have both been lowered m ibis respect by unremitting Effort to perform our existing militia Law commit violence upon the Rigby of conscience a Well As impose pen Allied on poverty by exacting equip cols and Lei vices which Many of he people arc not Able to perform Olstead of ibis whilst aiming at Elb Cliency of organization the Noble purpose Thowald be to adopt it to imperious circun>fllance8, and to produce a reconciliation to it amongst Alt the people amongst All denominations and pm ions. This must be Dooe if general submission and obedience to the Laws Are to be expected la should be a first concern with the statesman to lop of from the of his country every obnoxious feature in any degree tending to beget the opposition of the citizen or that a regarded with difference or calculated to diminish his Ven a Eralio Nood affect to for the policy of Ibel and to which he lives. It 1� proposed in time of peace to comprise the militia into Liro classes to be called the Active and the Ted Mary. Let the Sii Litia of the stale Rei Oain enrolled and organized As they now Are Wilh All to be called the 8edenlaiy. Retire them to meet once a year at Ibe time of the regimental master Iri Lasut equip melt except officers for the purpose of reporting Ihei at Reagh and to bold Ibe selves in readiness for Hoa lie cover gency most of whom being infantry require their officers to Aai Emble and Drill . Extract from the present sede Olary militia by voluntary enlistment about ten thousand men which would be a bout every fourth or fifth Man in the stale to be called the voluntary Milia. This corps is intended to be Well disciplined and should be required to appear freq gently in service. From each regiment of about eight Hundred men raise four companies of Voina Leeray an artillery and cavalry of about fifty men each and an infantry company of one Hundred men and a Rise company of a Boot the aame. Allow them to elect their own officer Independent of the sedentary and besides their company Ili Slit and attendance at the regimental Parade provide for exercises in 4be pc look of Ibe balt Alioa. \ require that the Public arms Ahall be exclusively dist Kaleil to be. Voluntary Oili it by the latter state Quot to the United Kia to Siim Laie them to duly. In the Requin a red number,sh3uld not Voln Leer in each regiment resort o draft if Loo Many Lam out determine by Tot who shall be taken of these who be relied upon. Let the Volonta by corps report their atred gab Ai in other cases. Besides giving the United slam arms Ole voluntary corp exempt office and a Olivieri from working on ,.<etvii>g on juries and from a pole tax. On the other hand require the sedentary of Tibia to work a Many Day on the Public Highway a in their proper dial Richla Naihe Active militia Are required to perform military service in addition to what is now called for by Law each citizen. Those who Are conic a against bearing arms will a a oat Fco urae be ranked Wilh the Aeden Lary militia and their a Irene la May to reported the manner provided by the present Law i Boot req iting them to appear in Public to report it. The above Prezenia the a Kel Elon Ofa Pim no sch i b its App Raphale details would bring into existence a bulwark if defence Aga Itiat hostile inn Raiolo Corabi log the double advantage and safely of be it uen Soldier Quot Wilh the Quot Itin Tiofio dump. Lii the War Cit and bravest blood and flow Rof the stale would be splendidly display id in the voluntary rank which added to thei Rekiel in Lac lick Moinat Consil Leao intrepid Phalanx of Irreg Salime soldiery. Our Irelien of the two Hundred Thoo tand doll an Ina Illy expended by the United slam for Ming Afif equip pin the militia Fiill on a plan it no very Remote period apply ibid Pari of the militia nil Arma if they cute fully preserved Bat to Eier Lipply the whole is at hopeless a it would be a Wane of treasure. Such a a Yalem Ai Iii will Alto bring to Para the plea aids Conie hence of Selling at ease a Donacie Itcek of 1 very exemplary pen Cable Inda Trioni ind moral demo Minalio of people in the ale called Quot Wmk Quot who Are to Molly in posed to War preparation. It la believed that this a the Only Mode by which the an be relieved and it it re commended More for ill own excellence Bao to secure any a Cecial Privi Lifee at the Public expense. Nor Cao Ihil arrangement ooze any of Ila Alir Cliona in if the Hundred ibo tand Days labor it would authorize you to apply on Ibe Public Road eat Enlil in an improved Italie to the pub lie Good in tsar opt oct. Now abound Yon approve of Ihlefe Auggie Ilion it will Ihm a worthy of consideration whether you will y them into effect by a a late Law or recon aeon hem to the favourable notice of the general government when right it ii to legislate on Thia lube cd con our Giitl Ith Ibe Hale. -

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