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Indianapolis Indiana Sentinel (Newspaper) - July 26, 1855, Indianapolis, Indiana In a Lara a a a Indiana senti Nim. Quot Quot to a a Diosal demo Mic newspaper la Ekly edit eoe the co pm re a. G Waim amp to. B. Holcombe editors volume Xiv. A published every thursday a. A at to it Vul Ali Vij ii vol a Thui pay 18 some time which Dis Church and Sute. Quot a Shiv r r it a Ltd v i Krona More query if Yott so Fin at two Doles a year la. W. Cottom of Bushek. Imp Ihbe re or. Published event the Bedat mor Kike on. , Kamroth Sheet at a two dollars per year i �i., in Advance. A 0 a it Irma poit Iam Walker amp cd Rrok la hurs Dat Mochino july 19, 1855. R int Rod it after the report of this committee a re prese need it would be -. Id Orde to present additional Resoluti oils to Iao Jas to de them. To thought the Epths people Quot Wutoh we to be oppressed was of r that time should of a is in oking in Abni Niimi Donga of Hency Wilsoa a fatty. To recommend Tho following. Latter one of the treasonable acts of the late u Mous legislature of Massachusetts tothe attentive consideration of oar readers beg them to recollect Rabat the assemblage who passed the Law ii question sent Hesnia to the to United states Senate. This Mas who. Came hem and talked so sweetly about press Ying the Union and quoted from Webster and Taok Soh is the mouthpiece the chosen exponent of Tho Lawless and godless Crew who have tarnished the fair Fame of the old Bay Tate and made her Everetts and Choates hang their m shame. To i Cihat the to Iest hut misguided voters of Indiana horned As Well As Mould to As Mao Tho livery. Of Heavon mate hoofs a Duomo were too apparent Ima the it Tho some time nullifying those which displease ,.can the mid o1 any honorable Man. Every patriotic citizen of Massachusetts to whom the Honor of Hei name is dear will Blush to think of her of the he most Folio wot Ihei Iamb Ani unsuccessful pred gesso a in this Dia up table path. A if As oco Asrob shall arise of a Clit has indeed already Anses when it is out duly to resist the aggressions othe Federal govern ment let us prov Doi Fot the exigency in to Manly Way such a shall be a at Iordanca with the High character that Massachusetts has always Mamta ined her Devotion to he erty and right and i Trust i shall not be behind any of he it Quot Cui Zena in sustaining her cause. But such an exigency cannot be me such a duty cannot be discharged by the enactment of. Petty annoyances to be thrown in the Way of the United states courts while admin Stenn fhe Law by prescribing penal ties for obedience to the Laws of the u. States which even if the -.Massachusetts, would Church Ansy suit Tho following Able Artic Latrom the Phi Delphi Aici for we recommend a Tivo Kimsal of our Reader. It Embo Dii opinions of dispassionate men who la plod the True theory and purposes of Enid sent Sec Tabias or against sects is hostile to the american Institute Oil. It could Vised by. An enemy at heart to o Jand is purely mischievous whether boldly avowed in statutes or decisions Doc Lanng it to belong to Quot the in will Iten common la that convergent House Refuge for Ditler i amp Jud Les. The am be Golem Hentsi Federal and atat�,.have to ily with nol Reize sects or churches. A cqngre8sion ill a favor of. Wheat growers and against Winders would not be Amore flagrant Irb Tolg Kkt . Ii May Mobni a re a a i Genius my cuff Bronco of opinion. I the Compromise of 1820 was forced by the tatty a upon the Reluct int and unwilling North. Suftko Ento Sion of slavery enacted bit to a Jatul by the House the immediate repro Tho people but the Senate was. -i0taa it Al ways Ihns been to Tho in fests the House of lords of. And to Tho,4nteresla of the privileged. -Iov,.optthat is the language of a Man who a the Stonco occupied by Eventt 05&Quot one More query if Yotts firmly be Heve that a platform Quot should Declaro every political it3.aupponets, and is i Quot milk and Ija Teft Iem Quot . Darioti if Wilon a did t you Puta Rao liitle a firming Anlo the platform it and was such a Resolution is Kot in Why Don to Jpn de Noi Inco it is Asi a Quot milk a and Iva Ter Quot concern Jam. The a Ousbea tax Jess its views i the pl3tfor? answering r remarks pow in attention from the True to inti at Issue by putting irrelevant inquiries to ourselves. A a Sotir filibustering notions Ato our Praio pro be Iii though we Are Teady Mako them commit to. Tho whole Deino Sacy it. They choose to ,.Thom , Noli a Muc -. Esth Chiastic Nebo Ceato Meetis Tito ice the Gallant democracy of Tipton Coa Tyi Eia a most glorious and Othu Sintic mass Meeh no at Tipton on tuesday last the crowd was a very Large one and the Asse Blile altogether one of those old fashioned enthusiastic Liberty Loving and Amor Reserve my demonstrations which the Damon Cracy Wero wont to hold in other Days Thi stars and a Tonpea Flag staffs the enlivening notes Toni Iquio won heal of ii Side and the ontt�&�n"dii�3%d Indi cat a the dete Miina thai a Itig hearts of the Gene no Aoma ctr ii fold Tipton to aim for thy Contesti Iii us wbk in a.Thom e Milton Gregg Ana Tho Anne Loami plat. Foun. Lev a in Mon a ii that Lith Oil Enesco and Thal unmistakable manifestations or sentiment demand a change of tha of Salutt Tion his state so a a Woik a in 3 elect if franchise to Soch Persona in ire trial cd a zen is of the United states Cit hat i birth of Biju Gnu and final Confortti ii flite Laws on the subject of a my Lon of ii a a Lirot Tai we Toi. 5.f j. One of the pro Zinent then j convention a. Iat oly Mosti coi to when it offs nil Vii ibo to a see of on general him he was anxious that the a voice of the people should be expressed through the resolnti9ns.,As Well As the speeches deed he considered the resolutions most important but our neighbor will live to take the Back track and insist that the speeches and banners were exponents of the popular sentiment not less than Tho plat Fonn. He will to perfectly right in taking this ground for no candid Man will deny that Iho convention was an abolition concern a Little weak in the joints and not having quite a no i Quot Bank Liona Quot to suit the Jumai but yet with All in sym Thies and tendencies leading it straight into Tho arms of Gin Nisos and gae Bibos. The fusion party Bear Tho Samo relation to Tho Radical abolitionists that Tho Extrema Tigh Church Pusey ites do to the roman catholics Only Tho difference of a name and some so triples on the part of the latter. The Pusey ites concede that Tho oat Holio is Thi True Church Tho cat hours allow that Thi Pusey ites Are on the right Road. So with the of unionists and abolitionists. But As Nic salaries and snug rec tories and bishoprics kept some of tha English clergy from going Clear Over to Home m the Samo Way the flesh pots of office in Possession or Prospect a it steamed some of the fusion leaders from a Manly a Oival of their whole Creed Ii�ttlng-tli8 oat out of Tho bag the reason Why the fusion convention did not adopt stronger Reaola tons. Lie a real print flex Laid dam in the plat Foma of die Jvn Sou conventions contain my Sims hut he am try in tit Rife enough for tie Amati . Our duty is now to meet upon a common and moderate platform. If i were an anti slavery Man i should feel that i deserved a curse to the last Day of my life if i did not give my voice and Aid to such a a platform. If Thero was Ever a time when anti slavery men should Lay aside their extreme and distinctive views to limit the spread of slavery it is tii sort Speeck Sam Carat re to Tiki nit far tie Dure a a fared. That is to say must Deleiva the people for the people s a Good we must use sugar coated pills. Wei Grill say nothing in it my about the Law or slavery in Tho District of or the Domestic Slavo Trade or Tia three fourths of the states to be free and Athan alter by the Constitution so As to com poll the South to emancipate her sikvis.�?. People at least some people whose votes w need might be frightened at this plan at Ais Ime their feeling of Justice is too Strong we understand what i about we will gradually eradicate the moral a ii. Tenet the Samo their pre Rhu dices by raising a howl against Quot Southern ,.aggressioa&Quot it la True we know among our. Selves that the South is struggling Forchi very exist once that she is entirely on the defensive and would to crushed without the Aid of the Northern democrats. But pile or the agony lie it through and to can Ridi into place and Power. _ Remali patriotic Man Quot. Quot Proni Ihl Boikin Dalli fealty to Tho Constitution of the United states. We Lay before our readers this morning a copy of tha letter to which we alluded several Days so cd addressed by Hon. E. A. Chapman of Springfield to his excellency governor Gardner declining the Appi int ment which the governor had tendered him. To be commissioner under the personal Liberty act p i3s0d at the recent session of the s legislature. The subject seemed to us to possess such general interest and importance that we requested to to furnished with a copy of the latter and ate gratified to have Tho pleasure of laying it before the Public. The duties of the commission Era proposed be appointed Are defined in the seven Leo nth Section of the personal Liberty act t is provided that Quot Tho governor by and with Tho advice and consent of the Council shall appoint in every county one or Mora com missioners Learned in the Law Whoso duty it shall be in their counties when Annerson in this state is a Restel or seized of being arrested or seized As a fugitive from service or labor in being informed thereof diligently and faithfully to use All lawful Means to pm text defend and secure to such alleged fugitive a fait and impartial trial by jury and to Imenit of the provisions of this now what is Here called Quot tie acne it of the provisions of this act Quot As our Reader Well know is the Quot Benefit Quot supposed to to derived from attempts in Tho name of the slate of Massachusetts to thwart the execution of the Laws if Tho United states. Some of Quot the provisions of this act Quot contrary to the Constitution of Tho United states and lome Are believed by no less distinguished a state authority Tuliau our own Massachusetts attorney Gen Irol to to con rare to the Constitution of . We have not heard of the appointment of any other commissioners and we believe that none have been publicly announced. Or Chapman s answer to the governor s Appo Iii nent was Ina nov prompt and patriotic. Tho remarks of or. Chapman upon the character of the statute As an attempt at a nullification Quot and its objection Ablo features in other respects will commend themselves to the judgment of the Reader whom we will not longer detain from the letter itself although Tho subject in Ghesu further remarks which to had designed to make. Phi in Fiji a june 11th, 1855, Sib �?1 have the Honor to acknowledge the receipt of your excellency s commiss Loi appointing to to Tho office of commissioner of the county of Hampden under the act entitled Quot an act to protect Tho eights and lib orgies of the people of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Quot passed by the legislature at their late session i deem it my duty to inform your excellency that j have for Manv Yenis held and still continue to hold the a slice of commissioner of Tho circuit court of the United states and it being a office which in my opinion it is proper and honorable for an oily Gammon. The speech of Hest Wilson at the con a mention was a note worthy thing not for any Worth or Merit in itself but for the position of Tho Man As the month piece of others. It was a plausible speech in which the Enven Omed malice of tha fanatic was masked by the cunning of the politician. Taken in its whole Tenor and spirit. However it was an u Mist Keable abolition address looking to the final destruction of slavery through external political action and using the anti slavery sentiment As a political lever. If or. Clat had been living and had replied to him How appropriately he might have said As he did on another it is because these Uhra have ceased to employ tie of reason per tuition have made their cause political have appealed to the ballot Boi that i am induced toa dross you. _ leading opinion. It is proper and honorable for any Good citizen of Massachusetts to hold and it being convenient and useful to the Public that there should to such a magistrate residing in this place i did not resign the office within ton Days after the passage of the act Abo referred to nor have i at present and into Tion to do so. 1 have carefully read Tho act and beg Lea to Call the attention of your excellency to the 13th and uth sections which Ata Quot lows a Sec. 13. No Peison who holds and office under the Laws of the United states Quot which qualifies him to Issue any warrant or process or to grand and Undi acts of Congress named in the ninth Section f this act or to serve the same shall at the Auie time hold and office of Honor Trust o emolument under the Laws of this common sub which expose them to punishment under the Law of Tho United states and furnishing no adequate Force to protect them from such punishment and those artful politicians who have wheeled Tho Legi Sla Turo into the enactment of such provisions Servo the severest reprehension. The act is entitled Quot an act to protect the eights and liberties of the people of Tho Commonwealth of yet Tho most that it attempts to do in relation to their right and liberties is to violate them. The unconstitutional provisions indicated by your excellency in your veto of Tho Bill and in the letter of Tho attorney general which accompanied it Are clearly of this those who think to protect our rights and liberties by violating Tho Constitution which secures them Are but poorly qualified for the Trust of protecting them and do not represent the intelligence Tho Wisdom or Tho Patriot a m of the Commonwealth. Whore the violate the rights of the people by unconstitutional provisions it attempts to Embarrass them. Every citizen has the right to Avail himself of Tho Laws of the United states when requires and in every week and almost every Day that passes some of our citizens have of Camion to Avail themselves of those Laws through Tho Agency of Tho United slates commissioner. Yot this act seeks to deter every citizen from holding this office while at Tho same time it does not secession but professes to exist under Agio Gianco to the United states and voted for by those who had sworn such allegiance. If Tho commissioner holds an office under the Golem Rentof Tho state it proposes to punish him by a n unconstitutional removal but if hold no such office it assails him with Rudo vituperation. If i Conw by these Means prevent every citizen of the state from holding Tho Olaco of commissioner the Only effect would be to compel Tho circuit court to select these officers elsewhere to embarr.is3 the i Roplo of this slate in the prosecution and defence of very important Legal rights and to leave Many criminals to escape from Justice. Without noticing All the objectionable features of this act i beg leave to mention one which adopts a principle acted on Only by despotic governments of Tho most arbitrary character but repudiated by every Republican government and by every monarchy that allows to the people any decent measure o . I later to Trio Giglitto to Tainan employ coulis of Aud the right of coulis Al to be retained and employed in the prosecution and defence of cases in courts lady. I venture to assert that this right is o of the essential and necessary safeguards of Law and Liberty. It Mustbe secured tit every person even to criminals of Tho worst Char actor Othen Viso there can be no reliable Security for the just and proper administration of tha Laws of Tho land. But this act assume that the people hold this right atthe pleasure of the legislature and that a part having temporary Power in that body Mav pass St i tubes depriving the citizen of its enjoyment cases where it May to obnoxious to them. The act is apparently designed to Aid Parsons who May be claimed As fugitive slaves be it has no efficiency to Rescue such persons from the authorities of the United states and its most important provisions can 10 of no service to them it cannot fail to destroy much of the benign moral influence that Massachusetts might otherwise exercise cause of human Freedom. I Trust that excellency s Strong and patriotic protest will not remain Long unheeded and that Massachusetts will do herself the Justice to remove this stain from her statute Book. Entertaining the views above expressed i accept Tho office which least for the right of beside no. While Tho nations of Europe offer Only so much toleration As is with the safety of tie state Church America offers full religious Liberty to All. The doctrine of toleration belongs to old not to the now which prefers grander one of Equality of right in countries like England dissenting sects grow Purily up like plants under the Upas tree. In Tho United states there Are no dissenting sects and All grow up Aud bad together like wheat and cheat in tie same Field. The if our institutions knew that the people would winnow Iho True from the false and that Tho bad Grain would always Bear but Small Proi it ortion to Tho Good. It is Trio that Tho ides of Quot Church and slate Quot was at one time half admitted in America. The Early immigrants Pitcl Naej in their turn what they had Suff cod from in the old world. They inflicted punishments for opinion s Sake while pro Feising great liberalism. William Ponn himself was inclined to establish an inquiry into religious opinions ind have theological tests for Sztuora. Tho Connecticut puritans imposed a Fine of Flo pounds on every person who should give a bed and shelter to a Quaker an adamites or. Banter and the Plymouth Rock men who Arae Over to Quot seek Freedom to worship god Quot lulled fined and imprisoned certain dissent irs irom their Faith. Bui these violations of religious Liberty were justified not on promo insist grounds but on reasons of Public Der. The i Zakere &c., it was said showed malicious spirit in coming to disturb Tho puritans when the new world was Broad enough for them to go and establish a society if their own elsewhere if they would come into a Community of different religion it was under an implied contract to keep their tongues quiet. In most of the colonies prior to 1776, Thero was a sort of slate religion Nore or less clearly recognized. Virginia erected Episcopacy into an establishment Catholic Maryland and protestant Sontee car the Christian religion Quot in their constitutions North Carolina and Massachusetts Quot Tho protestant Quot while Penn Sylvania and Delaware stipulated for a belief n Quot Tho inspiration of the scriptures of the old and new but those relics of the old world it Glt speech on the Oregon Bill spoke lows after an arduous r on Tho question be into Tho Union is prohibiting Sla i adopted Between Lut it was done Undi i Ruggle whether Ade it no i True it we listed cilia i that it w South hate Rev us obligatory on Tho la Lei 3d in of Lier distr a Fitilis carried l v Ilio ilm a so United is Ilio a imposed a Ris. Tie South a Ned. Slie As simply acquiesced in an Ai hich she Bas not Lead inc Power and which she could not attempt i at disturbing the peace and harm Nyo Tho or. Y of la my i. Ply to the c of or. , of Vermont that the Ament was an act of Southern co or Jiosi Quot i dispute the fact on Tho Contra or that it was Tho s in Iho South which j Llic Uia 10 be prepared the in the pious Nate out of in Only were Oast i d Only two a ii t of one Hundri hich i it or cil a inc Eli by do caused a tabla Vole i of each i of Congress in i that in the otes a Lio to Bee Unity o Obe for �0 norther of Tho Corapi on in Twig require every political conviction in a platform but we do distinct declaration free from Ami Tho More which the Public. It is True to asked the journal if in whole Creed was embraced in the platform but the inquiry was suggested by the assertion of our neighbors that they had frequently declared their whole Creed on slavery. The context shows that we were desirous to elicit comment and explanation about Tho platform which it seems they Aro resolved not to give. To want a reply to what to said on monday and for fear it maybe forgotten we publish it again Quot every one perceives at a glance that the Only practical and tangible Plank in the platform on the slavery question is the restoration of the Missouri comp Winise. The Otylior clauses Aro Mere generalities which can be made to mean every thing any thing or nothing. If Tho fusion is opposed to the Extension of slavery into my of the territories there was neither acc easily nor propriety in referring to a geographical line and such Rofe Aiice by co vein a false impression was a dishonest act. If they Are willing to admit slavery South of thai Quot line thou their Leigh sounding generalities arc they Lake either Horn of the dilemma they Are convicted of insincerity. Quot if to go beyond the platform r the a Inners and speeches of the and above All to the men we Havi 1 pronounce this meeting of the 13ll and look to leade respectfully decline to acc has thus been offered to r with great , your excellency s obedient servant. R. A. Chapman. To his excellence Henby j. Gabd neb governor of Tho Commonwealth of Massa Ihu Setla. To the Gree Castlo Banner know nothing paper in this state Thui Quot Dis Courtott Quot on the swallowing up of Quot Sam Quot by his ethiopian rival e. N. State Council. A meeting of Tho state Council of k. A s were in session last week at . A platform was adopted which has not been published �3 yet but to understand there is Little difference Between it and that of the Republican mass meeting. The action of tha delegates to the Philadelphia convention were endorsed and the National platform rejected. Tho Council also declared itself entirely disconnected from Tho National Council and made arrangements to correspond with All the seceding states for the purpose of effecting a Northern organization and Tho nomination of a Man for the presidency in 1856. To have but few words to relative to this action of Tho state Council. We regret very much the course they Havo taken and cannot think they represented the will of the party in the state. What right had they to absolve the Patty from All connection with the a Tate onal Council they assumed a responsibility of which they had no right. Are thay not More guilty than the men that Tore Dom Tho time honoured Compromise line one party violated tha thrice plighted pledge of the Nason vhf a the other has sold out Quot lock Ilock and barrel Quot that Wimch they had my to Deni my Quot hands joined in Token of hint frat Erml affection Zihich should Ever bind to go her he slates of oat what now thu Sec me of mrha Lei Organ nation modelled a after lha Amiti amp Tion of the cued states and with the confederacy what now his become of those pledges we made to so on by a the Haiar i that to. A a a would not Oun Iaione or encourage any attempt Flat mid Al note its w Ury or weaken its of a a Milf a a bet m the Quot rampant Quot about oui Sta , a without any hesitation or mental them Tiomi declared we would never a61i-or a a Post to any official Seo. U. Any a arson holding any judicial office under the Constitution or Laws of this Commonwealth who shall continue for ten Days after Tho passage of this acl to hold the office of United states commissioner or any office under Tho Laws of Tho United states hich qualifies him to Issue any warrant or Ither process or Grant and certificate under Tho acts of Congress in the ninth Tion Ofa his act shall be deemed to Havo Latch Good behaviour to have Given reason for a loss of Public Confidence and furnished sufficient ground either for impeachment or removal by address. Thus by Tho act itself under which i have had the Honor to receive your excellency Quot commission i am declared to to disqualified to hold any office of Honor Trust or Moui Tili polio Al morality. Lest ice has of late had the Louisville journal filled with tirades against Tho Catho Church which surpass in violence and misrepresentation if that were a possible even to debt Buecken biome himself. But u fortunately the files of the journal a Lieen hunted up and his opinions in 1844 made to answer his charges in 1855, treats the matter pretty cooly and to Felt bound to ondrae what was said by or. Clan Tho whig parly in 1844 was naturally anxious to obtain the roman Catholic vote and we As an Organ of the parly were of Louiso anxious to help them obtain it and no Mailer How unfavourable our individual menttmdorthirlirws-irf-this-�,o�mowo�lth4"k tendencies of Ilio Boman to have violated Good behaviour to have cd in Quot Eoa might have been we should Given re Ison for loss of Public Confidence a Rte a a Avo fell it our duty to make any and furnished either for in statement in on Power calculated to peach ont or removal by address from Tho a Quot it Quot get important support i fico of Justice of Tho peace which t also hold. While i am sincere la grateful to your excellency and the Hon. Council for the Confidence in my integrity which the commission a presses my duly to Tho appointing Power s Well a to the Public and to myself seems 0 Molo require Lulal i should no Quot to accept an Finice under a Law of such a character. Even if it were in my Power to remove any a Jeclin to my appointment by a resignation if the office of commissioner of Tho u. S. Court at late Dav i could not Wilh my present views of duly do any act which would imply an obligation to regard this Law As valid. I am under Tho obligation of an oath to support the cons Lillion of the United Stales and the of , and this act Palm Abl and grossly violates both its obvious purpose is to nullify a Law of the United slates. Lis most important provisions cannot be enforced without a direct conflict with the courts and officers of the United Stales Aud in Case of such collision the citizen of Massachusetts who obeys this la can have no immunity from punish rent under the Laws of the United slates except by Ilu tonary movement which shall pros trate the Power of Tho United states within this Commonwealth. Neither my views of duty nor my inclinations will Load Molo engage in any such proceedings nor to encourage any of my fellow citizens to do so. Nordo i believe that the intelligent and candid citizens of Massachusetts or of Tho United states generally feel any sentiment of respect towards nullification in any of its forms. In whatever shape it has appeared and in whatever part of the Union it has been radio Olony and contemptible. Tho idea of remaining in the Union swearing to support its Constitution and enjoying the Benefit of its Laws so far As they Are agreeable to la and. Are cml desired. If there were two thousand mormon a Oters now in Kentucky to Sli Ould heir votes for on candidates and we should link it right to make any True statement calculated to induce them to vote with us rather than with Tho Sag nights. In such a Case if either or All of our candidates had Over spoken kind words in their behalf to should consider ourselves right in calling their attention to those remarks whet i thought the remarks merited or not. Toe Evans vice Jot Mai. On the k. N Evansville journal the leading k. N. Paper in Southern Indiana thus Speaks of the action of the slate Council at their meeting in this City on the 13lh but the american part of this stale Wilh the exception of that portion in the first District have annulled the platform of the National convention so far As their future action Tion is concerned. In doing this knowing that the action of the Republican conven., a Ion would be they probably acted the paint if Wisdom for Success in Indiana but the part of Folly for the National Success of what was intended to to and what has been till the last month a National party. Uey Law timal adopt Sil which to have no doubt Mil he successful in carrying this stale at the next elect Ion but it is not that policy which can assist in securing Success Over the in late Union for the National principles of the party for the National objects to sustain which the party was first formed. But those relics of the old world Sysler were All swept away by Tho profound disc Sions and awakened nationalism of the Revi inti opiary period. Tho Golem mental i separa Lod from Tho religious idea Tho fun lion of the Tito was single not double our. National Eagle had but one heed not two in Austria. The business of the stale \ reduced to keeping Tho peace and protecting Tho rights of individuals and acting for a few interests common to All. It did not under take to furnish the people with any theological ideas whatever it would not inquire either into their religious doctrines it refrained from inquiring whether he was a monarchist or Republican. It left each Man at Liberty to think As he pleased and Tho people at Lily try 1 1 select for office any citizen Thev might think capable caving them to decide whether his religious in political opinions were sound. Its proper sphere was the Maint Nanco of order Tho prevention of encroachment on rights the preservation of the principle of Equality. Tho National Constitution constrains no Cou science it allows an wifi act elect either to take an oath or affirm under Tho pains and penalties of perjury provided he wishes to oboe Trio Comman Somr not at All Quot it prob ibis Congress from preferring any religion it likes or oppressing any religion it the Mussulman and the Hindoo arc As tree and eligible under our on verment As the Shaker the israelite the a methodist or tie Baptist. Among All the slate constitutions there e Only four that hint at theological tests of any kind. Pennsylvania and Delaware state Gat ively Tho general doctrines of the exist Ico of god Anil a failure state of rewards and punishments doctrines belonging to natural religion and by implication Liev give the Ighel to the to make belief in Liem to Liol Ding office. A clause in the Marvla Iid Constitution Mav Iii construed into exclusion from office of All but lews Anil Christian and the North Carolina Constitution makes incompetent very Quot person who shall done the being of a god or the Irolli of the Christian religion or Tho divine authority of the old and new testament of who shall hold religious principle Inco Ninati Bio with lilo Fred no or safety of the state we wonder that North Carolina did not Cai the Climax of Folly by depriving of the elect Ive franchise every Porson holding political opinion incompatible with the welfare of the state and establishing a inquisitorial court for probing opinions the exceptions prove How firmly founded in american Law is the principle that religious tenets do not fall within the Range of slate action. This is As it should be. Men have murdered each other Long enough for differences on theological Points. They Havo been Gladi Alom fighting for Ina stors who looked on from the boxes while lolling of purple Cusoli ions Aud it was time that a Sovereign Copl Lould throw its scepter into Tho Arena am in Inland the Slaughter to . Tho american system ignores the Peculia doctrines of every sect. We go farther and say it ignores the sects themselves. It docs not negative or deny them. It is As foreign to theological Leuieu As a Bank or a poll Force or an insurance co Mauv having it own duties in a Well defined sphere. It a prescribe certain rules to limit the Power o individuals 1 and corporations and prevent then from becoming to the rest of Thi Community but this must be without refer Niico to if Cir views. It May prevent an accumulation of proc Rev by sects on Tho Prin Ciple which leads Illo forbid emails of Ria estate. These Are civil Regida ions and no to be objected to. From a regard to decency and Good order it May punish malignant abuse of persons on account of their Faith or of any Faith with design to outrage those who profess it or disturb the Public peace.�?. La no. This is based on the Samo Ramon with against it. On tie other Ham two Southern senators Only of seventy six on voted for the taken from the journals of con found on Page 1168, Appici Iii glob for july 1350. Either the table i of is wrong or item by it tox i i Only five of Wenly tie having Rannold tier Rigilo i Aioli de the trick of secrecy they their kit Komi and mask their a principles ii indefinite As to Tho Joi Iraa s the demo ratio resolutions of 1849, to say with ii hesitation that any convention which Shoul Declaro it Tho duty of Congress to prohibit slavery in the territories would be repudiated j by us and we do not believe that Iny dam socratic convention Ever promulgated such a Lud to Gargu the resolutions of Neis were significant Sej the upon Tancous f if the Pla fort 1111.51, the pres Thi Lings of la. Were shaped by the that Llie Assem Iii cd collection of Almli zionist bigots. If any proof wild be proof enough a 5 one of Ilio Mol was i id religion the Bai Quot no Pope in America Quot Les bal Alasi Tho Broil to cd the i or lilo dangers from his Lull the most note worthy sentences we Quot no Moie slave Quot no More slave states shall be and Quot kans is and Nebraska Avail be free listed the Oil love lion expressed like be r the journal and in should and the True exponent of free Soilis free ten Back Boneh it Isar who a eternal Inry but i Quot this i endorsed t free whisky Short but it it in my memorable Ivory by Mase meeting in Corydon. Tho citizen., of Harrison county should Bear in mind that Tho mass meeting in Corv Don will be of saturday the 4lh Day of August next. We understand that several distinguished speakers of the stale have been inv Lod and their acceptance received. The prescriptive and intolerant doctrine of know nothing ism is warmly opposed by tiie Deino rals and sternly rejected by some of the Best Wisest and Iii St substantial of Tho whig of . The same inns Cal Purlous and coarse characteristic of Tho oath Tomid plotters in other localities has been Pura cd by tie know nothings in that county. A few democrats Havo been seduced into Tho dark Cli ambors of Tho secret Ingolff Oritis Voivod by the crowd assembled with rapturous applause. The convention on tuesday was addressed by Hon. A. P. In Tab Whoso Loq Nesco id logic told upon Tho hearts and if the masses assembled with Tho happiest effect. He convinced them beyond on rovers of the Union dissolving Tondu lies of the present opposition to Tho demo italic parly How that opposition were ready to barter away every principle of republicanism dear to the True american heart for Tho e of office and spoils How know nothing a had been swallowed up soul and body by abolition brother and co Adjutor. Know something Quot Sambo Quot and that Quot fusion for the Akef office Quot was now the Only Plank left in he platform of Emindo Oisin Indiana. The speech was received throughout by the hundreds who heard it with marked Alton too id the speaker was frequently interrupted by the most vociferous cheers. Gov. W. Is doing Yeoman service in the Good old Danio Ratic cause endearing himself to Tho hearts if his political friends and winning the esteem of his More intelligent Aud Liberal political enemies wherever to . He will we ire glad to Loam canvass a Largo portion of Tho state Between this and Iho first of october. Hon. 0. B. Cobbett of this City succeeded gov. Willa by and his speech was one which done Honor to himself and was received by Tho Largo Assembly with the Liu Siam. It was a masterly and eloquent dictation of the democratic party from the foul aspersions of i s dark lantern and abolition enemies. Or. T. Was Pucci Sarnd with All Tho necessary proofs to show that Tho i reel tendency of the present of arrayed against the democracy was to endanger if not to dissolve our glorious Union and throughout his whole speech to adduced Tho strongest arguments to show Why such a party should not be tolerated by the american people. Or. T. Was listened to Vith great interest and his speech was received int Atgood and honest heals. Tie banners displayed at this of Feuidi were tile glorious Quot red Wii Ito and Blue Quot with the stars emblazoned upon them. No Sedi Lions sentiment could be read upon their Broad and ample folds but America As she Hai been since the Days of want Upton and Jef pesos and Jacksosn America Kal ional not America sectional Quot democracy if nature pervading Tho la of the. Land Quot a those were sentiments which might read upon the banners and these were 111 Iti ments uttered by the speak re. Llo Ich in contrast Aro they with the seditious Tho treasonable devices displayed in our City it the 13th of july convention of fission Stisi ? sum and mobs Franklin Slive of Livo negro they Bolli Voi Ide stand this but in is Evi the of Tho Uii Ilc Ision made by Thal Ansili i the slav Chuld Lalic Tili Ork Frimi w c All l i Ifilio proc is Icib had an Moss be 1 Dove link they could has foil r Ith the banners. Is orators but som a sons Bave assert Al Val ions in the Lodi of a a Piane and Sui a such have ver again to i Nile of the of the Ned by their a thai Quot Icv Wei of Inducil in la id from in eclair i Atli Flo a Elbe error Lorde of broken Dow the last canvass a Ion of Harrison for i Levotion to Liberal i incr Getic manner in a Ivan and Lei n and Sci ining Hacks. Id cd 10 the Gigli rep la a Terii Sci plus. The bold and hich the inside Loiis and t last fall has endeared 11 and religious Liberty Ole District and slate. Krythe Follain Nelsin Tapio Tion of the Louis the True friends of c in Harrison Lothi let her citizens go to work with a Delarmi nation to lose Nono Good name so Gal i land la won in so Ger thus a cause. I tiie meeting it Corydon an the 4th of August no Dou lit will to very largely Atlo led. And Hon. Jesse d. Bright gov. A. P. Wil i lard Hon. W. Ii. En.,, and others Aro sex pc Rcd 10 address the a. Tiger the convention of the Wlsh. To attended Tho conc lion at India Nail Lis on last Friday Lioio As a matter of curiosity than because to Felt much interest in if deliberations and action. Tho convention win Largo and respectable and we Are free to confess that the platform of Irin Ciplys it adopted is much More ueberal and tolerant toward All Tho elements in opposition than to expect my. Some of Tho prominent men who acted if cars of Tho convention openly that the know nothings were Quot thrown off Quot id not allowed any influence in Tho proceed is. Of course that is All nonsense Inas Luch As the King of Yankee know Noth i ism it Dijon of Massa chisels was Ini sort cd All the Way from Boston to make Thi principal speech for the occasion instil icing the benighted Iloo Siers As to choir in uni Lilica Durics. The demur ilor of 1 Ati iral null he . Oloc said Abonal in and in ntr5a paper 111 de is abandon i. I Hii Vocalic in a Verv Loor Ca Wiital fir a political i Iever wholess we Aro unable a i feel and Feanie which Ollie . Or to indulge any gloomy forebodings of the re ii ills which in is said ire to follow inc a read of the roman Catholic Faith. On country docs no seem to have suffered very much Quot in the pus from that cause. Thero is nothing in Thi if Adamo de stall that those we a m changed their opinions have never Remete a their errors. Tho present Constitution of Indiana sic Tea to foreigners tha elective franchise Attar one year s residence and or. Gaea Owasa a ii a eat. Advocate of that provision. My is a platform which requires five Keaik i peal Quot said a prisoner who had been brought before Philip of Macedonia Flor his Quot in rotations Quot from Philip drank to Philip so do to Appeal from the mitts Giboo of to Day to the Mux oif Beoo of the constitutional convention Quot Quot this was his language or. Beoo. I Hope or. President that 0 motion made by Tho gentleman from Hamilton or. Clarke to strike out the lat i 1er clause of this Section will not prevail. And especially do i Hope that tha div whig who Havo Tho Honor of a seat in this body -�11 not place themselves in a false position regal to this matter by voting against Tho it Section As it nov stands or by seeking to in Imber it Wilh unnecessary araendments., i know sir it had Boon Tho policy of political demagogues for the last Twenty years and i am sorry to say they Havo succeed of to Semi extent to impress upon Tho mind is of Iho foreign population among us that the whigs Usaj party were opposed to. Thom a Quinn any political Rigsta under our state or National Govor Monts and that Tho Democrato parly were their particular and Peculiar Friend. And sir i was sorry to Hoar my. Worthy Friend from Allen on Ray left or. Hun if. I i ing color to this idea in Bise Miles yesterday afternoon. A sir i deny the truth of the propose lion that the whigs As a party Are or Evor have Beon opposed to foreign immigration or. To to adoption of Tho most Liberal policy for a standing to them All the rights and Onvile i Ges of american citizenship. Itis to Mother May to exceptions to this Rule among the , As Troio Aro exceptions a All r parties. Thero May to those Mooi to Are at heart Nativo americans and who honestly believe that Tho True policy of our government is to disfranchised our foreign population until they shall Havo resided Here it least Twenty one years. Bul., his a Entz nent is not Peculiar to those who May affix ale with the whigs in other respect a Tinaje to Friend Vith tho8oalsor.y�oid 4l&Quot Rio Luj 1% party in matters of Geneff politics., there May to those among us who a Ltd distrust Tho patriotism and Fidelity of on for sign population so wild a Dii Bucuy ame Bor tween our government and that to which they were lately subject. But i for one Hare no fears of them. They have it y Trae their National prejudices find favor of their native lauds but they Anost Tho less Good citizens because of this Feal big a and upon Manya hard fought Battlefield. Havo they attested their Devotion to theodot and interests of their adopted country Liy pouring out their mood like water and laying Down their lives Sido by Side with our Nativa. Bom citizens. But or. President Ido not desire to disease this question. My in regard to for Eincis was clearly defined upon tha consideration o another question some time am a 1 then remarked and i now repeat that i would throw open wide Tho portals of our country and bid Tho oppressed and Down trodden of All the Earth a Hearty would say to Tho honest be Tum and open Lic arled irishman come and this let me Lay o my Friend on Tho loft would embrace All of his countrymen of Tho Emerild we Foito far As 1 know they Are All open hearted and generous to a would the impressed of All Europe come and share with Isar Delvall the blessings of civil political ind religious Liberty. This sir i regard Asho Tnie whig doctrine pure and in adultery ted and i for one am willing to stand by it Many Solhi spec Notilia a Lalii Rolli of proles Anlis lie alarm. On or ease of that of i Cir great adversary us by Lieve Morzov is be and Clahr lid i tie Silver Creek a axe Wilh 111 w 1 by Roca is to kick in has been virtually dead 1 for six months past and in Tho meantime it i Lias Only been galvanized into a kind of spasmodic action inert la for of Irown amusement. I will acc null to our friends for a any lib no so Range or uni Isnoal they May Havo Lis Quot i no Rcd in Wiir Corii so. In had some wrongs to to dress and to have operated upon the dead carcass of Tho that in might be made in some of its antics to a Apil Cli Side licks we Havo j not be led to cup Cal from Rathe in and Lor Ilio Coni if Thor forc would be from the than of Catholic danger. We do , Irth Roii we them Aii Ino and Wilh far Belll a Char in Tho ear incr stages of l Wisdom and the Patriot to carry us safely Iiron found in All Sec inns a i Llie i Liertz its to Iii Blic 1 firmly established Holic 1 published that i Linso portions of jigs Lily a be and Patri set thus Fai hut As tic ply repaid. Altha concluded lond Bury the in As possible a wisc to Boki and some by persons to suppose Are not All without exception tending strongly towards abolitionism. Tho speech of or. Wilson a especially so tincture and was received a Tho convention with a higher degree of favo than thai of any other gentleman who Siwko on the occasion. The following is Tho platform of principles which Adi pled Wilh very general unanimity by Tho convention and As to remarked above is much More Liberal than we had sex Ivec ted it Wotila be especially tem portion which relates to our Resolution would Sochi to go to establish tll8_fact_that Tho k. N s. Had been thrown Overbo Tinl by Tho convention but when to saw so Many of them there taking an Active liar in the proceedings to Are rather forced to Tho conclusion from the moderation of their resolves trial instead of knowing both ing Thev Aro at last beginning to know something. Where now is Ribeir great Hobby of 21 years which had come to to he principle in their american. Who do pro script Quot Antl Amer i i is Tho term which the kno e just now endeavouring to lot it Rili americ punish libel. But it will to a sad Day for on country when any religious persuasion shall be held to tolerate Lohere when any department of government whether educational or executive shall to wrested from its pro for usc.1, and made an engine of sectarian propagandist or when our courts shall use their Power to enforce silence or acquiescence in regard to sectarian matters legitimately within the scope of Public discussion. The Church and state arow Delv Sepa led. S let them remain. Luisiana is in i High Loring stale can principled. The nomination of my. nomination of this gentleman took aver Large portion of our Cit z6ns by Surprise and to say the troth has been received he with much , of ii be. 05-Tho number of acres of land in Kentucky is 20,997,767-3nd its total valuation $183,379,767�?tha land being assessed at Ai average value of $8,73.ii their Fidelity to Republic it or. Sumner brother of senator Sura in and at present in London endeavoured to be the museum of antiquities at Ketch from the destruction it met with. He addressed the Secretary of the admiralty suggesting the propriety of sending an order to the British commander in the Crimea to cause a guard to to placed around Tho museum to prevent injury. Tho English functionary at once sent such an order to lord Eaglan. Whether Tho order came too Lato does not appear but the work of destruction was very effectually accomplished much to the disgust and Chagrin of intelligent englishmen a Zafy. And cavorting to fix Iii Kin All their miserable sculls i Hristian dogmas "anti-5 Sec who some of these Jav win Icid Scott who f Iii two wars refuses to become a know nothing or to endorse Lis Creed and he is an Quot anti american Quot Lewis cars the venerable and distinguished senator from Michigan who Lias served his country in the cold and in the Cabinet in the Senate and ibroad�?7ie, according to know nothing parian a is an Quot anti Ameri an Quot general Shields of Illinois who was hot through the lungs in Tho son ice of his adopted countr is an Quot anti american Quot Gen Joo Lane Tho Gallant Delegate from Oregon who has just been Triumph Anllo re elected denounced by gains the enc mation hero As an but Why should enumerate according to the know nothing theory the Noble St pal Riou and slates of the age those who Havo Roost distinguished themselves in every brai Public services arc "anii--4m re i Caln Albany Ledger. The Pacific letter write an Board the United Ilat cil Piuta Juno 14lh, says a portion of the Pacific sepia Ron has been singularity in Fortis Nate not Only in Tho number of do its that have occurred but also in Tho necessity that has Arisen for an almost constant court martial. Among the deaths Aro those of Piu Sod midshipman Washington Totten of Washington d. C., and Lieut. John Moo icy of Maine who jumped overboard and was drowned. Lieut a Hind has been dismissed from the Pacific Squadron on charges pre farted against him for disrespect to Captain to Sitwell of Tho John Adams. To lire of four other wifi Herb Aro to be tried but their sentence it is anticipated will not to quite so Evora. The he Auh of Tho Independent and the John Adams was Good. The forme expected to leave for san Francisco in a few Davs after the Date of the . Or he then noticed the increase of anti slavery sentiment in the country in Twenter Vecais. Solon Ngo he said who dared assert what he now declares to. Day that slavery is sectional and Freedom is National and Tho Federal Havo no Rasponi ability for it. In new Hamp Shiro in 1835, the legislature declared by an Overwin helming majority that the Abe lotion of slavery in the District of Columbia would be a violation of National to a a sketch. That is to say Tho abolition of slavery to Tho District of Colombia would not now 1� regarded As a violation of National Faith. Or. Wilson is ready who non to can get Trio items to abstain him to Pope tale this Benoit mity. A the is not Quito Ripe and Tho platform Hail better to non committal on this Points but Lime a Little time is the Only thing necessary. Fortio know nothing ism. It is a Well known fact that a Short time since a National convention of know not i Ings assembled in Tho City of Phil delphic delegates were sent up to said convention from every stale in Tho Union under solemn pledges to stand by Tho Union and to abide by the decision of Tho maj oily of the Laid convention. It is also a Well known foot that a split took place in said convention that the minority refused to hero med Brtha maj or a a and that too in Volt Ionoff solemn obligations to do so. ,. There is now no National Sua Souyung or american party a is split up in faction. The Southern Wing of said party 1� a Troug by pro slave in and the Northern portion Havi a Quot Sevi Sale of wheat. Or. H. D. Wheeler reported a Sale of six Hundred bushels of new wheat yesterday at $1,10 pet bushels in Cennes Zette. Hob Bible learn from i e. S. Pinicy that a Tho cars on Tho Central Road were backing Down in order to swill Iff at Mattoon after having deposited then passengers yesterday they ran into a Handcart on Tho track demolished it and scattering Tho men upon it in All directions. Oni Man a track hand upon the Central Road was thrown under Tho train which severed his head from his body another had Hij Ann broken. We did not learn who was to blame. Terre Baute american. Lied Wilh the abolitionists and other Gec Quot a now to question arises Sholdt National men in cent Mont both North and Soua who been heretofore acting with Tho know nothings be legally or morally bound to continue to act with said party in Olmut words with such sectional parties As no list both North and South abolitionism or pro slavery a not been a Doc Rino or Creed of Tho know since the so cession and Tho question now , should National americans now Art with and Foster sectional Partis a Wutoh at so dangerous to the Well being and Perpet Tyty of the Union it is evident that the Tima has come for All National minded men w1y> love the Union and the Law and he Rosiu tuition of the of until better than they do take sides in the great Quot Tactett which is being forced on the con stir tit i. Is Between abolitionism on the one hid Init Tho Constitution and the ii Union in the othe

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