Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
15 Sep 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
15 Sep 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - September 15, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana Indiana journal. Vol. , wednesday september i5j 1830. No. 386. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Erms. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at Llie end of the year. Advertisements inserted of the usual terms. Extracts from the speech of hen Quot by Oitay delivered at the mechanics collation in Cincinnati on the 3d of August 1g30. With respect to the american sys a Tero which commands your undivided approbation and in regard to which you Are pleased to estimate Imich too highly my service its great object is to secure the Independence of our country to augment its wealth and to diffuse the comforts of Civili Zamon throughout society. That object it has been supposed can be Best accomplished by introducing encouraging and protecting the Arta among us. It May be called a system of real reciprocity under the operation of which one citizen or one part of the country can Exchange one description of the produce of labors with another citizen or another part of the country for a different description of the produce Fla dearer rates or of worse a allies in consequence of that system than he would do if it did not exist. If he would neither sell More of his Staple nor sell it at better prices nor could Purchase better or cheaper articles for consumption provided the system did not exist then he has no cause on the score of its Burthen some operation to con Plain of the system but Rouse look to other sources for the grievances which he supposes afflict him. As respects the Sale of his Staple it would be indifferent to the planter whether one portion of it was sold in Europe and the other in America provided the aggregate of both was equal to All that he could sell in one maket if be had but one and provided he could command the same prices in both cases. The double Market would indeed be somewhat better for him be cause of its greater Security in time of War As Well As peace and because it would be attended with less perils and less charges. If there be an a qual amount of be raw material manufactured it must be immaterial to the Cotton planter in the Sale of the article whether there be two theatres of Bor. It is a system which and perfects the capabilities i manufacture one in Europe and of our common country and enables a a or in America or hut one in us to Avail ourselves of All the re sour i Europe or if there be a difference it Ces with which Providence has Blest in Quot Quot m favor of the two places of us. To the Labouring classes it is in manufacture instead of one for Rea valuable since it increases and multiplies demands for their Industry and gives them an option of imply intents. It adds Power and strength to our u sons already assigned and others that will be hereafter stated. It could be of no advantage to the Cotton planter if All the Cotton now bion by new\ie7ofuuhrest, blending Europe and a and connecting together All its parts manufactured excl Ive and creating an interest with each in Europe and an amount of Cotton the Prosperity of the whole. It sek Quot Quot a brought Back from cures to our own court re whose skill 1 and Enterprise properly fostered and sustained cannot be surpassed those vast profits which Are made in other countries by the operation of convert ing the raw material into manufactured articles. It naturalized and creates within the bosom of our country All the arts and mixing the Farmer manufacturer Mechanic artist and those engaged in other vocations to Geiner admits of those Mutual exchanges so conducive to the Prosperity of All and every one free from the perils of the sea and of War. All this it effects whilst it nourishes and leaves a fair scope to for Igo Trade. Suppose we were a nation that Clad our selves and made All thu implements necessary to civilization but did not produce our own bread which we Brou til from foreign countries al though our own was capable of producing it under the influence of suitable Laws of Piu Lection ought not such Laws to be enacted the Case supposed is not essentially different from the real state of things which led to the adoption of the american system. That system has had a wonderful Success. It has More than realised All the Hopes of its founders. It has completely falsified All the prediction it of its opponents. It has increased the wealth and Power and population of the nation. It has Dimiti wished the Price of articles of Consu Nipton and has placed them within the reach of a far greater number of our people than could have found the manaus to command them if they Tad been maidu fact Rud abroad instead of at Home. Loutit is useless to dwell on the argument in support of this Beneficent system before this . It will be of More Conse Tience Here to Exa mine some of the objections which Are still urged against it and the Means iii Chi Are proposed to subvert it. These objections Are now principally confined to its operation upon the great Staple of Cotton Wool and they Are urged with most vehemence in a particular stale. If the objections afe Well founded the system should be modified As far As it can be consistently with interests in other parts of the Union. If they Are not Well founded it is to be hoped they will be finally abandoned. In approaching the subject 1 have thought it of importance to enquire what was the profit made upon Capi Tal employed in the culture of Cotton at its present reduced Price. The re suit has been information that it Netts from 7 to 18 per cent per annul varying according to the advantages of situation and the degree of skill judgment and Industry applied to the production of the article. But the lowest rate of profit in the scale is More than the greatest amount which Nide on capital employed in the farming portions of the Union if of the Cotton planter have any just complaint against the expediency of the Ameil cad system it must be founded on the fact that he either Sells Ess of his Staple or Sells at lower prices or brought from there and what is manufactured in the United states together. Whilst he would gain nothing the United states would lose the profit and employment resulting from the manufacture of thai portion which is now wrought up by the manufacturers of the United states. Unless therefore it can be shown that by the reduction of import duties and the overthrow of the american system and by limiting the Mani fac Ture of Cotton to Europe a Gri Ater a mount of the raw material would be consumed than is at present it is Difini cult to see what interest so far As respects the Sale of that Staple the cot ton planter has in the subversion of that system. If a reduction of Durfie would admit of larger investments to British or european fabrics of Cottor and their subsequent importation iii this country this additional Supply would take the place if consumed o an equal amount of american manufactures and consequently would not augment the general consumption of the raw material. Additional importation does not necessarily imply increased consumption especially when it is effected by a policy Wlinich would impair the ability to Purchase and co itsume. Upon the supposition just made of a restriction to Europe of the Man fac Turt of Cotlon would More or less of he article be consumed than now is Mure could not be or Doss in cons quince Opsuth a monopoly of the manufacture Europe could sell More Tolian she now it does. But to what countries could she sell More she gets the raw material now a Burthen de by any duties except such moderate ones As her policy not Likely to of changed imposes. She is in fish d thereby to sell As much of the main fractured article As she can find Mai sets for in the states within her own limits or in foreign countries. The destination of the american Minuta Ture would not induce her to sell cheaper but might enable her to sell dearer than she now does. The Abi Lity of those foreign countries to Purchase and consume would not be in creased by the annihilation of our a i Nufa Tures and the monopoly of euro Pean manufacture. The probability is that those foreign countries by the fact of that monopoly and some consequent increase of Price would be worse and dearer supplied than they now Are under the operation of a Competition Between America and Europe in their Supply. At most the u. States after the Transfer from their territory to Europe of the entire manufacture of the article could not consume of european fabrics from Cotton a greater amount than they now derive from Europe and from manufacturers within their own limits. But it is confidently believed thai the consumption of Cotton fabrics Oti the supposition which has been made within the u. States would be much less than it is at present. It would Liv less because the american consumer to Purchase As much of the european fabric As he now does to buy the american. Europe purchases but Little of the produce of the Northern Middle and Western regions of the u. Stales. The Staple productions of those regions Are excluded from her consumption by her policy or by native sup plies of similar productions. The of fact therefore of obliging the inhabitants of those regions to depend upon the Cotton manufactures of Europe for necessary supplies of the article would be alike injurious to them and to the Cotton grower. They would suffer from their inability to Supply their wants and there would be a consequent diminution of the consumption of Cotton. By the location of the manufacture within the u. States the Qira tily of Colton consumed is increased and the More numerous portion of their who could not be otherwise supplied Are abundantly served. That this is the True state of in iii it 1 ii Ink cannot be doubted by any reflecting and Impre juiced Man. The establishment of manufactures within the u. Slates enables the manufacturer to sell to the Farmer the Mechanic the physician the lawyer and All Olio Are i no it aged in other pursuits of Lite and these in their turn Supply the manufacturer with subsistence and whatever else his wants require. Under the influence of the protecting policy Many new towns have been built and old ones enlarged. The population of those Pla Ces draw their subsistence from the farming interest of cur country their fuel from our forests and Coal mines and the raw materials which they fashion and fabricate from the Cotlon planter and the mines of our country. These Mutual exchanges so animating and invigorating to the Industry of the people of if u. States could not possibly be effected Between America and Europe if the latter enjoyed the monopoly of manufacturing. It results therefore that so far As the Sale of the great Southern Staple is concerned a great Quantity is soil and Konsun red and consequently belter prices Are obtained under the operation of the american system than would be without it. Does that system oblige the Colton planter to buy dearer or worse articles of cons Jipp lion than he could Purchase if it did not exist the same cause of american and european Competition which enables him to sell More of the produce of his Industry and at better prices also Ena Dies him to buy Clie per nud Butler articles Lor . It cannot be doubled thai tie tend my of the Competition Between the and the american is to reduce like Prce and Uii prove tiie Quality of their resp Cuve fabrics Wii Eue ver they come into col Misiou. This is observation is applicable to those which Are exclusively wrought of Wool Iron or Glass. In Short it is believed that there is not one item of the Tariff inserted for the Protection of native Industry which has not fallen in Price. The american Cor petition has tepid de to keep Down the european rival fabric acid the european has tended to lower the Quot if any thing could be considered As settled under the present cons Titu lion of our government i had supposed that it was its authority to construct such internal improvements As May be deemed by Congress necessary and proper to carry into effect the Powers granted to it. For near then five years the Power has been asserted and exercised by the government. For the ust fifteen years it has been often controverted in Congress but it has been invariably maintained in that body by repeated decisions pronounced after full and elaborate debate and at interval of time implying the great est deliberation. Numerous Laws at Tes tie existence of the Power and no less than Twenty Odd Laws hive been Pas to in relation to a single work. Tins Power necessary to h1 parts of he Union is Indi Spe Quot is Ible o the West. Without in this Section can never i Jov any part of the Benefit of a r disbursement of he vast re venues of the United states. 1 Errol led Perl Edh Well that at the Tasi feat sir Bugle or he Power in 1824, or. P. A Barbour of Viriinia. The princ Piil Champion against it observed to me hat if it were a firmed on that occasion or. Hemphill s Survey Bill he should consider r the question settled. And i was Afi aimed. Be we Are told that this Power can no longer be exercised without an amendment of the constitute of on he occasion in South Carolina to which i have already adverted it was said that the Tariff and internal irn prove men s Are Intima Ely cont acted and hat the death blow which it was hoped he one had received will ally destroy the other. I Enne or in. The. Opinion that they Are ii it Tima Tely. I not indissolubly United. N c connected together with Iho fraudulent intent which has been imputed but by their nature by the tendency of each o and Vance the objects of he other and of both o augment the sum of National Prosperity. If i Rould believe that the exec live message which was com Murdica de o Congress upon he application of he be o to he a Seville Road really expressed the Opinio ii of the president of he United states in consequence of the Munfor Unale relations which have existed Between us i would forbear to make any observations upon it. It has his name affixed to it but it is not every paper which the immutable Law of All Cump elision. Bears the name of a distinguished pm Rit the american Mauriac sure were j pm be that is his or expresses Bis of discontinued Europe Wuriu Lien sex pinions. We have been lately inclusively fun Irish Liliose supplies which hat the unhappy King of Are now derived from Luc Eulal Hon England in perhaps his last illness meals int Tibt up Parlia Merit consequence would be an ,�,1, of a signature attached to it lion of the demand beyond inc Supply j Ich became an object or great Wiiri equal to what is now maniac Ruitu in i Sty. Can a a. Believe hat a me u. States bul which in Llie ton-1 conveyed any Oiher sentiments Tangency supposed would de wrought i those of Quot i his majesty s ministers in Europe i the Deal Rullon of the in a a impassible thai he veto message american Maul aciares were sudden a should express the opinions of the pre there would be Asu Deu Anu proof idly a Gidell and i prove it by evidence de Rived from himself. Not forty Day purchases for consumption articles at would not possess the Oneaus or ability considerable Rise in the european Tao pics. Although in be enu they might be again reduced it is not Likely thai Pic ultimate reduction of prices would be to Buch Rales a i bout the workshops of America and Europe remain Eti sources of Supply. 1 Here would also be a sudden Induc icon in the Price of the raw material in consequence of a he Ces Balion of the american de mid. And it is redallion would be permanent if tie of Correct Ihal there would be a Diminu Ion in the Corbu Eplion of Cotlon lab pcs arising out of the Isi ability on the part of Large portions of the people of the u. Stales to Purchase those of Europe. That the effect of Competition Between the european and american manufacture has been to Supply it american consumer with cheaper and better articles since the adoption of the american system ing tie existence of cause which have obstructed its Lair operation and retarded its full development is Incon testicle. Both the Freeman and the slave Are now belter and cheaper supplied than they were prior to an existence of that system. Cotton fat pics have diminished in Price air a deep improved in their texture loan extent that is difficult for the image option o keep Pace with. Those partly of Cotlon and Pardy of Wool Are also bet Ler and cheaper supplied the same before hat message was sent to Congress he approved a Bill embracing appropriations to various objects of internal improvement and among others o improve the navigation of Conneaut Creek. Although somewhat acquainted with he geography of our country i declare i did not know of he existence of such a Stream until i read the Bill. I have since made it an object of inquiry and have been told that it rises in one Corner of Pennsylvania and is discharged into Lake Erie in a Corner of the stale of Ohio and that the utmost extent to which its navigation is susceptible of improvement is a bout seven Miles is it possible that the president could conceive i iat a a National object and that the improve men of a great thoroughfare on which the mail is transported for some eight or ten states and territories is not of National consider Ilion the Power to improve the Davit nation of Viater courses no where expressly recognized in the Constitution is infinitely More doubtful than he establishment of mall roads which is exploit Itzy authorized in that instrument did not the president during the canvass which preceded his election in his answer to letter from gov. Ray of in Diana written at the instance of tic Senate of that respectable state expressly refer to his votes Given in the Senate of the United Statig for Bis o Pinion As to the Power of the general government and inform him that Bis opinion remained unaltered and do we not find upon consulting the Jour nals of he Senate that among other votes affirming the existence of the Power he voted for an appropriation to the Chesapeake and Delaware canal which is Only about fourteen Miles in extent and do we not know that i was at that time like the May Villa Road now in Progress of execution under the dire Cdon of a company incur Pora de by a state and hat whilst the Maysville Road had a connexion with roads Easl of Maysville and Southwest of Lexington the turn iii g of who h was cod Emp la de a canal had no connexion with any other existing canal Quot in a Quot let us glance at a few Only of the reasons if reasons they can be called of this Piebald message. The first is hat he exercise of he Power has produced discord and to res Ore Harmony to the National councils i should be abandoned or which is tantamount he must be am elided. The president is therefore advised to a brow himself into the Well did hat revive Harmon it a when be question was taker it the h use of the people s Repi sri Aines an obstinate or Jority still voted for the Bill he Obj codons in he message g. And in the so Nate it the of the state a refractory majority stood unmoved. But does he message mean to assert that no great measure Aboul which Public Seii ziment is much divided ought to be in consequence of that division then none can Ever be adopted. Apply this new Rule to the Rase of the american revolution. The colonies were rent into implacable parties. The tories every where a bounded and in some places out numbered the whig. This con unused to be the state of things throughout he revolutionary contest. Sup of esome tin id Lime serving whig lid during its Progress addressed tie Public and adverting to the discord which prevailed and to the expedient y of restoring Harmony in it Laud bad proposed to abandon or pos Pone the is Iab Ishmen of our lib. R y and until All should agree in As Serif g them the Lale War was opposed by a powerful and talented party what would have been thought of president Madison if. Instead of a patriotic and energetic message Lecoma mending if As the Only alternative o preserve our Honor Ard Vindick be our rights he had come to Congress with a proposal that we should continue to submit to the wrongs and degradation inflicted upon our country by a foreign Power because we Yvere unhappily greatly divided what would have become of he settlement of the Missouri quit Stion the to Riff. The India Bill of he last session if the existence of a 8 Rong and almost equal division in the Public councils ought to have Preven de heir adoption the principle is nothing More nor less than a decia ration hat he right of the Biajo Rity to govern Musi be yielded to the perseverance respectability and Nam Bers of the minority. I is in ket Pii g with he Fujii flying doctrines of s ugh Carolina and is such a principle As might be expected o be put Forth by such a Cabine. The government of he uni de Sta e8, at this Julih Ture exhibits n most remarkable spectacle. It is that of a major i by of the Vati Nhav ing put the Powers of government into the hands of the minority. If any one can doubt ibis let him look at the elements of the executive at the officers of the two houses at the composition and the chairmen of the most important committees who shape and direct he Public business in Congress. Let him look above All at measures the necessary consequences of such an anomalous state of thing so internal improvement gone or goings the whole american s s pm great ened and he triumphant shouts of an Ici paid Victory sounding in our ears Georgia extorting from he fears of an affrighted Majori y of Congress an Indian Bill which May prostrate All the Laws treaties and policy which have regulated our relations with the indians from the commencement of the government and politicians in South Carolina at the same Imo brandishing the Torch of civil War and pronouncing unbounded Eulogius upon the president for the Good he has done and the still greater Good which hey expect al his hands in the sacrifice of the interests of the majority. Another reason assigned in tha Maysville message is the Donire of paying the National debt. By an act passed in the year 1817, an annual appropriation was Mude often millions

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