Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
1 Sep 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
1 Sep 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - September 1, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana Indiana journal. Vol. , wednesday september 1, 1830. No. 884. U i ii v published by Douglass pc Maguire. Terms. Two dollars per annul it Paul in n Dianne. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted on the usual address at the first stated meeting of the Indiana society delivered at Indianapolis in the Hall of representatives by the request of the Board of managers on the 14th Day of december 1829. By Hon. Isaac Blackford. Our attention a been called to the address a of judge Blackford at this time by a review and complimentary notice of it by the &Quot./3/n- can rep suon and colonial journal a periodical published at Washington City under the direction of the american colonization society. The address was delivered last Winter before a Large and intelligent audience composed of members of the legislature and others by whom it was heard with evident interest and satisfaction. The crowd of Legisla be proceedings then on hand Prev edited us from giving it a place in our columns at that time and we Embre the present Opportunity of spreading it before our readers and recommending its perusal and preservation. The address is just such a one As might be expected from the discriminating and investigating mind of its amiable and philanthropic author. We intend in this and the succeeding number to insert the address at full length. The extracts in the Quot african repository Quot Are preceded by the following remarks. Eds. Journal. Quot we rejoice to perceive that the design of our institution begins to attract attention and receive Aid in Remote parts of the Union. We have hailed the formation of state societies in Indiana Tennessee and Maktima As giving Assurance that the time is not Remote when the cause which it has been our privilege to advocate will be sustained by the favours and i patronage of the whole nation. Only let the i truth be known in relation to this cause and no enemies will be found to it except perhaps in some very limited sections of the country where for a season self interest May Pervert the judgment or Harden the heart. But even Here we Trust will finally be Felt the mild and holy influence of humanity and religion softening Down prejudices arousing the energies of virtue and uniting All hearts in accomplish Inary work not More dear to philanthropy than to patriotism sanctioned alike by mercy and Justice. The address before us does great honour both to the understanding and feelings of judge Blackford. We would gladly place it in the hands of every citizen of the United states it would be difficult to condense a greater amount of valuable matter in the same number of pages. We have in this address a Brief but very Correct account of the origin and Early proceedings of the society a Lucid and comprehensive exposition of its principles and Tho vast benefits which it promises to this country and to Africa presented in a Chaste concise and Perspicuous style. We regret that we cannot without excluding other articles of special interest and importance insert this address entire. We Hope that the Indiana society Hae printed a Large edition or if not that they will republish it and Erive it a wide circulation throughout the country. All candid virtuous and reflecting men will find it impose Bible to resist the motives which judge Blackford brings Forward to secure their favour and support to the american colonization address. Fellow citizens it becomes my duty in consequence of the appointment with which i have been honoured to address to you some observations relative to the objects for which we have convened. A state society has been recently organized Here auxiliary to the american colonization society established at the City of Washington and this is the Day of our first stated meeting. I see an evidence of the importance of the occasion in the attendance of this numerous and respectable audience. It is not Only the subject of our country s welfare which invites our attention but it is the sacred cause of Hunt vanity also that assembles us together that cause which is fondly cherished in every virtuous bosom and which never appeals in vain to a generous Community. The great object of our Parent institution is to remove with their con i sent the people of Colour who Are now free or Shiu hereafter become so from the United states and to colonize them upon the Western coast of Africa. The necessity of taking Somie measures to remove the free Blacks from among us has Long been obvious to every reflecting Man. The rights of those unfortunate people and the increasing degeneracy of their morals Are pressing themselves More strongly every Day upon the consideration of the Public. It is very generally admitted that the introduction of negroes into the new world is the greatest misfortune that has Ever befallen it. It is now More than three Hundred years since the practice was commenced by the europeans of forcing the Uno fending inhabitants of Africa from their Homes and transporting them to the Western colonies As slaves. The portuguese led the Way As Early As 1503, in this nefarious the spaniards French dutch English soon followed the example and have been alike distinguished in their barbarous career. Some of the colonists in America too and even i say it with reluctance a some of the citizens of the United states deaf to the voice of mercy have acted a conspicuous part in Thig tragic scene. In consequence of the slave Trade thus carried on by europeans and americans the slave population of the columbian archipelago exceeds very far the number of the Whites. In Cuba for example there is said to be seven Hundred and fifty two thousand inhabitants of whom four Hundred and sixty five thousand Are african slaves. The number of inhabitants in Jamaica in 1815, was three Hundred and sixty thousand of whom three Hundred and fifteen thousand were negroes. As to the Empire of Brazil there were imported into one of its ports during the last ten years two Hundred and sixty thousand slaves and within the last year alone forty three thousand five Hundred and fifty five. It is to the same shameful traffic that the United states Are indebted for their Black population. This consisted in 1820, of one million five Hundred and thirty eight thousand one Hundred and eighteen slaves and two Hundred and thirty three thousand five Hundred and fifty seven free Blacks. A i shall not trouble you at this time with any further remarks upon this subject. The reference now made to it is merely to remind you of the origin and the Progress of the Black population in the Western world. The age in which it originated has Long since passed away and the slave trader of those times lies mouldering in the dust with the slaves which he imported. The fatal consequences however of the unhallowed act have never for a moment ceased to operate but have been continually spreading far and wide for the last three centuries their baneful influence. The a Merican colonization society in undertaking to restore to their own country the Blacks within the United Stales thus originally introduced among us who Are now free or shall in future become so appeals for assistance to the liberality to the patriotism to the philanthropy of the american people. As the history of to iat society May be somewhat new to a part of my audience a Brief statement of some of the leading circumstances connected with its history May perhaps not be unacceptable. In looking around for the source whence it originated our attention cannot but be directed to the British Colony of Sierra Leone. It was there when the eloquence of w in perforce and Fox and Pitt had failed to arouse the British Senate against the ave Trade that individual Benevolence determined to exert her hum ble efforts. That Colony on the Western coast of Anca was settled in 1791, with the few Blacks then in eng Larid and about one thousand from Nova Scotia. These people living there in peace and Independence and impeding when in their Power the Progress of the slave Trade to necessarily attracted the attention of the american philanthropist. The legislature of Virginia accordingly proposed More than Twenty years ago the colonization in Africa of our free people of Colour. There is a letter of or. Jefferson s on the subject dated in 1811 and another from or. Finley of new Jer sey in 1814. In the Early part of 1816, about thirty free Blacks were induced to sail from Boston with Paul Cuffee in order to unite their fortunes with their Brethren at Sierra Leone. The pilgrims received there the hand of Friendship and hospitality welcomed them to her smiling shores. In december 1816, or. Finley visited Washington City and introduced his Favourite subject of colonization a few distinguished gentlemen immediately United with him and in the latter part of the month they organized the present american colonization society. The first annual meeting was held at w Ashington on the first of january 1818. In the Spring following its agent messes. Mills and Burgess explored the Western coast of Africa preparatory to the contemplated settlement. It happened fortunately for the society that in 1819, the a Merican Congress in its measures for the prohibition of the slave Trade authorized the president to cause the africans who should be re captured by our cruisers from the slave ships and brought into the United states to be restored to their native country amp authorized Bim also to establish an Agency on the coast of Africa Foi their reception. In executing this Law ithe president or. Monroe acted in cancer with the society and gave to ilm infant exertions his Liberal support. In 1820, the first ship the Eliza bet sailed in this Noble cd us e for the Western coast of Africa beside two agents on the part of the government and one for the society this vessel carried with her about eighty free people of Colour to commence an establishment at the expense of the United states which was to be not Only the government Agency under the act of Congress but the Asylum of free Dom under the direction of the society. The place of their temporary settlement the Island Ofshe Bro proved to be unhealthy. The agents and some of the colonists died i the others in the Spring of 1821,removed Tosier Saleone no very far Distant. year an agent of the society with a naval officer of the u. States succeeded in purchasing from the natives for a bout three Hundred dollars the Mont Serado territory situated on the Western coast of Africa and now known by the appropriate name of Liberia. Early in 1822, the colonists who had previously gone to Sierra Leone took Possession of their newly acquired territory. The Progress of their improvements however soon alarmed the ignorant superstitious natives and War in the autumn following was the consequence. The contest however severe for the time was Nei ther Long nor doubtful. The few settlers their number being Only about thirty exhibited on this occasion uti Der their Gallant Leader or. Ashmun the skill and valour of Veteran soldiers. They were fighting for a spot on which they might erect the Standard of Liberty they could not but be Brave a wild disorderly crowd of from six Hundred to nine Hundred assailants were accordingly soon put to flight. This decisive Victory silenced forever All opposition. The terrified natives became convinced that their new Neighbours were invincible. From that time the Colony dates its Prosperity. Other emigrants soon began to arrive and in 1823,&Quot their number had increased to one Hundred and forty. At the annual meeting of the society in 1824, the name of Liberia was adopted for the colonial territory and As a tribute of respect to its Early and distinguished Friend the name of Monrovia a As Given to the town. A regular system of government also formed by the most competent men was during the same year adopted for the Colony and has Ever since continued in successful operation. It consists of a Constitution and Quot a digest of Laws. The principal of fires Are an agent appointed by the Board of managers together with a vice agent two counsellors a she diff Register and treasurer elected by the i Bolders within the Colony. There Are also Juc slices of the peace appointed by the. Agent. The cons Littion secures to tic Colony among other things the common Law of England the usages of the English and american courts and the trial by Wiir a nine years have now passed away since the passengers of the Elizabeth first landed in Africa. No sex Ijar Ayordi nary difficulty has occurred excepting the sickness in 1821, on Island of she Bro and the War of 1822, to impede the Advance of the Colony. Its Prosperity indeed for the seven last years has few examples in the eventful history of colonial settlements. Large acquisitions of territory have been made within the three or four last years. In 1827, there were eight stations within one Hundred and forty Miles under the government of the Colony and in 1828,there were four teen Hundred inhabitants. There Are at present several fortifications churches school houses and other Public buildings. Some of these have been erected by the United states for the purposes of their Agency 4he others by the society. The want of sufficient education among the colonists generally will probably be found for awhile one of their most serious difficulties in conducting the operations of their government. Nothing can secure perpetuity to their liberties but the diffusion among them of useful knowledge. Of this great truth they appear to be conscious. There Are now fourteen Hundred dollars paid at the Colony for the support of education three Hundred of which Are paid by the society the residue by the voluntary contribution of the colonists themselves. Their instructors however being Blacks Are Only Able As yet to teach the common branches of education. Their preachers too being of the same class have not sufficient acquirement to Render them extensively and permanently useful. But these inconveniences it is hoped will soon be past. Associations Are already forming in the United states to secure to these colonists the Best opportunities of Educa Tion and missionary societies both Here and in Europe Are already sending to them their messengers of peace. The Progress in agriculture and Commerce made by these Blacks within the few years of their co Lotical existence displays an Industry an enter prize and a capacity of which they May be proud. It not Only shows us the height to which they May be destined to Rise but that also from which amid the revolutions of the world they have probably fallen. Many of them it from their attention to business Are already Worth several thousand dollars. They have at their own ports built and fitted out several Small vessels for the purposes of Commerce during the last year they had four schooners sailing under the liberian Flag which were engaged in trading with the natives on the coast and with the european settlements at Sierra Leone the Cape of Good Hope and other places. The country produces in abundance Indian Corn Rice Coffee Cotton indigo sugar Cane limes oranges Pine apples grapes Sweet potatoes Yam peas Beans pumpkins cucumbers. Every account from there is of a favourable character. The annual reports president and or. Madison and or Monroe Are vice presidents. Beside More than one Hundred auxiliary societies in is Jurious parts of the Union there were at the commencement of this year. State institutions in eleven of the states. Ours just commencing is now convened for the purpose a Mong others of taking a Brief View of the proceedings of the Parent society and of presenting to the patriotic the humane and the generous its claims for their support. It is anxiously hoped that the liberian Colony with such others As its benevolent founders shall establish i on the african coasts May furnish considerable Aid in the great off it now rocking by the european and american governments for the suppression of the slave Trade. To that Barbar Ous traffic i have already had occasion to advert. Its prosecution for the last three Hundred years forms the deep est and the blackest stain in the character of civilized nations. It was nearly Twenty years after the introduction of the subject into the British parliament before her distinguished statesmen could succeed against it. In 1807, however that nation enacted a Law for its abolition. In recording of the Board of managers the repro this Brilliant Era in the English an sensations of the colonial agents the i nals Well May her historian boast of circular address of the colonists them i the Magnati minus example which his selves in 1827, to he free people of country had thus set to the world Colour in the United states the Testi a the Constitution of the United St item Mony of gentlemen unconnected with prohibited Congress from preventing the society who have recently visited a the importation of slaves Pienio Josly to the Colony that of Captain Nichol 1808. On the first of Jai diary in that son of the United Stales Navy among year an act of Congress against if took others the increase of the population effect. The United Stales and great since 1823, Frojm one Hundred arts for Britain in the treaty of peace ratified to to fifteen Hundred inhabitants the in 1815, pledged their exertions for fact too that within the last , the the suppression of this Trade in slaves colonists themselves exported seventy arid in the same year the european thousand dollars Worth of produce Powers at the Congress of Vienna All unite in proving the Prosperity of i did the same. France Spain aus the Colony. The first attempt of Tria Portugal and other nations hive great Britain to Plant her colonies in j taken measures against it. In 1820, America was not so successful. The the United states declared it to be i settlement of Virginia in 1607, after the lapse of seventeen years an emigration to it of nine thousand persons and an expenditure of one Hundred and fifty thousand pounds scarcely contained two thousand inhabitants. The Page which shall Reci re a he e racy and England in 1824, followed the example. All these proceedings however have not accomplished the object. The slave Trade has been carried on during the present year to As great an extent and under circumstances As a vents of the first years of Liberia j Grav ated As it had Ever been before present to the world a very different picture from that who ctr describes the Early sacrifices and sufferings of our ancestors in America. It was at first a great question whether the free Blacks would be generally willing to remove to Africa. That question it is believed is now settled in the affirmative. A circumstance strikingly illustrative of their a Atid every Prit it Ciple which Distin disposition to emigrate occurred in guises the character of Man fron he the Early history of the Colony. A nature of a brute. He tears the in few Days previously to the sailing of j of fat Odin african from his country the Oswego in 1823, the news arrived f Ltd his Home from his friends from if is so profitable a business that a3 yet it has put at def Aiice All opposition. There is no risk not even that Quot of life that the slave trader hesitates to undertake for the accomplishment of his purpose. There is no crime not even that of murder hat he does not Rhet fully Comandi. At the shrine of avarice he sacrifices every feeling. Of the hostility of the natives and of Tho War they had waged against the colonists. At that time sixty one negroes were just assembled to embark. The blur erring news did not for a moment shake the Resolution of one of them. Compared with their degradation Here whether Bond or free a the perils of the Ocean the difficulties of settling on a Distant hostile coast had to them no terrors. They were going his family the children from their parents even the toothed from her infant babe. He stows hem Anay the hold of his ship and chains them there. Those unfortunately surviving the dreary , he lands in the i est Indle in , in some of our own states and drives them to the markets of human flesh. There sold to he highest bidder they linger out their Days in slavery. Where i s the to the native Home of the Black Man i Nian in contemplating our own con and to breathe the air of Freedom duct in this business that Dors not sex the society has never had any diff claim in the language of or. Joff or Cully in procuring emigrants. The a in Quot i tremble for my country when i number of applications for Quot an oppor-1 a Quot a Quot Fli it that god is just Quot to assist in Unity to go. Is increasing every year putting a Check to the horrid traffic. The twelfth annual report of the i which is continually producing effects Board of managers made in january these is As Quot i have observed one last states that there were then near a of the objects of the colonization by six Hundred free persons of Cou society. The slave traders it is seeking a passage to Liberia and that a Well known obtain their cargoes a the owners of More than two Hundred most entirely from the Western coast slaves had during or previous year offered to liberate hem provided the Socie y would Send them to the Colony. The great difficulty and indeed the Only one experienced at this time by the society is that it cannot command the funds necessary for the passage of the applicants. The expense of transportation Acress he Atlantic is great that Ltd of taking Over each individual be Tyg about Twenty dollars. Without very considerable resources but Little can at last be done. The society that it May be enabled to pursue its object in a degree somewhat commensurate to having shown what May be accomplished is now applying for assistance with great solicitude to the citizens of the different slates Public opinion is every where uniting in its favour. Virginia the state most interested is taking the Lead. Judge Washington of that state has always been the president. There Are there More than to dirty auxiliary societies beside the state institution. Of the latter the chief Justice of the United states is the of Africa. Every Colony therefore of civilized inhabitants established on that coast and resolved to Stop this Trade to the extent of its Means will at All events put an end to it for a considerable distance. The colonies of Sierra Leone and of Liberia both produce this effect within their respective Vici cities. They furnish also Many conveniences to he National armed ships sent out by their respective governments against the slave ves Sels on the coast and United i h the government agencies Are places of Protection whither the re captured africans May be sent and where they will always find a Home. There were at Sierra Leone in 1821, at least ten thousand Blacks who had been i Quot a captured from he Elave ships by the British cruisers and liberated and Liberia can already boast of a respectably number indebted for their Liberty to the american Flag. Concan pad by our next it is stated in a Quebec Pap a of the 17tb, that upwards of 17,poo emigrants have Alre Aily arrived at that port Iron Europe \ \ \

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