Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
29 Oct 1846

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
29 Oct 1846

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - October 29, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana By Jom d. Defrees. 12 00 d r. Annul. Vol. Xxv and Lana Olts thursday october 1846. No. 33 Friday october 23, 1846. Election news. Pennstlvani.4. Brilliant uni glorious is the Victory the j whigs have achieved in the old Keystone. She Speaks in Union has been so cursed by dishonest politicians and of the whig Victory in Ohio. We congratulate our whig friends in the important Victory they have just achieved in this state. It is an event of vast importance to their Prosperity. No other state in the Thunder tone to those who deceived her by false promises then basely betrayed her interests. Pennsylvania indignantly repudiates the spurious democracy of Quot Young she now stands nobly redeemed the error of 1844 is amply atoned for. Her penitence is sincere and her Reforma pressed by an unwise and ruinous policy. The democratic leaders in Ohio have become proverbial for the dishonesty and supreme selfishness that characterized their measures. Ohio was governed Long enough by democratic Rule to show the people its legitimate working her sons have done Noble in Tion will be permanent. A political revolution is destined to j relieving themselves from its ruinous tendency and have in be achieved by the whigs As triumphant As that of 1840.�? so doing taught the pure and incorruptible democracy of Ohio has caught the spirit she Calls to the old Keystone a j their state an effective lesson from which they May learn Cross the alleghenies that Quot All is Maryland clings to her former allegiance. Maine and Georgia too Are re baptized in their political Faith. You that now exercise Power obtained by Frand and duplicity learn from this that the feelings and interests of the people will not be trampled on with impunity and learn too that the hour of retributive Justice will overtake those who perpetrated the deception. But hear the returns. The whig canal commissioner is that their professions of disinterestedness and patriotism Are no longer relied on and the dear people Are not sheep to be fleeced by them. The whigs of Ohio have achieved no Ordinary they have had powerful and Well directed forces to contend against and overcome. They had constructed a Bank Law and All the prejudice Loco Foco Malignity could instigate was arrayed against it. Next they passed a tax Law which was elected by about ten thousand of a majority. Two j found necessary to save the state from absolute repudiation thirds of the congressional delegation and caused by the misrule and extravagance Loco Foco manage both branches of the legislature Arementa had brought about. They were also misrepresented whig. Counties that were Long wedded to democratic Faith come up with overwhelming whig majorities. In old Berks once deemed hopeless the whig gain is three thousand. In addition to the returns of our last have the following congressional intelligence 17th�?blanchard, w., re elected. 18th�?andrew Stewart w., re elected. Of 20th�?s. Dickey w., re elected. 21st�?moses Hampton w., re elected. 22nd�?farrelly, 24th�?irvine, The legislature. The House of representatives of Pennsylvania consists of 100 members of whom last year the whigs had 33, and Lo-008%. As far As heard from the whigs had elected 36 members gaining 14 members the Locos had elected 20, with no gain. There were eleven senators to be elected eight of whom Are Loco focus and three whigs. The whigs Are All re elected if count or. Harris in Centre District and in the eight Loco Foco districts the whigs have elected 4. This would leave the Senate 18 whigs 1 native and 14 Locos for uie coming Yar. Thus far the whigs have elected fifteen the Locos four members of Congress. The natives have elected one member and four districts remain to be heard from Ohio. Bebb s majority Over two thousand. The House of representatives shows a whig majority of a or giving the democrats the Lucas member yet doubtful. The of tical character of the Senate now depends on the returns from Stark county. If the whig candidate is Defeated the Senate will be a he a if he is elected the whigs will Hare a majority of two. The congressional delegation will stand ten whigs ten democrats and one Independent. Georgia. Full returns have been received showing the gain of one whig if her congressional delegation. It will stand in the next Congress 4 to 4. In the present Congress there Are 5 Locos and 3 whigs. The following Are the names of her. New members ,.cobb, Hai Albon Lumpkin and and assailed in relation to their friendliness to the repeal of the Black Law. All the efforts the whigs had made to redeem and preserve the Faith of the state were denounced As attempts to plunder and oppress the poor to Rob the Farmers of their honest earnings and Heap them upon the lordly Rich. There is a feature in this Victory like to see regard it a moral As Well As a political Victory. Never did a candidate declare his sentiments More fully and explicitly than Willian Bebb. He boldly avowed his principles and eloquently and triumphantly did he sustain them. No one who heard Bebb during his canvass voted for him ignorant of his real sentiments. It was different with his opponent and his friends. He attempted to conceal his True sentiments assuming to be All things to All men. The subject of the repeal of the Black Laws furnished a question upon which he could veer his course to suit the popular current and adapt his opinions to the political complexion of different every artifice and deception that ingenuity could invent was resorted to by his friends. Falsehood and detraction were vigorously employed. The abolition support was conciliated but All in vain. Democratic measures had been tried and like the chaldean Power were found wanting. They were discovered to be admirably adapted to promote the interest of the leaders but most destructive on the Prosperity of the country. Whig principles Are now in the ascendant. The policy of the party founded in truth and having the Good of tie country Only in View must ultimately Triumph. Ohio thank you for so salutary a lesson to demagogues. We congratulate you for the encouragement you have afforded to an honest conscientious and ind Pendant course and for the rebuke you have administered to detraction vituperation inconsistency and duplicity. We find the following interesting letter in the Boston Sun from a correspondent in our City which is designated by the writer As Quot items from the in Manarolis oct., 7, 1846. Quot it seems strange after several years absence in new England to return to this Fertile spot in the Valley of the Mississippi and to witness the Over abundance of every production. It was surprising to Ine to behold the peach Trees breaking Down beneath the loads of the Rich fruit and to see the Large Golden apples in Quantity viewing with the very leaves of the Trees on which they grew. If this was surprising it was astounding to behold bushels upon bushels of these fruits lying upon the ground and porkers turned in to riot upon rare ripes and pippins that would make the Fortune of any vender of Good things in Boylston or Quincy Market. However it is not Only in this Hue that there is such a superabundance. The recent harvests have filled barns and Yards with Hay the Fields of wheat have yielded a to Tousand fold while the now ripening crop of Corn promises to be one of the largest Ever produced. Yon can easily see then How much Are suffering for the want of the commercial facilities of rail roads and canals which you enjoy at the East. And i take pleasure in stating that the Indianapolis and Madison rail Road now in Active operation for 50 Miles will soon be completed to Liis place which will give us a ready communication with the Ohio River and the Southern markets. This Road no doubt will be completed some Day to Lake Erie and it could be very easily and very cheaply constructed from this place through the extensive and Fertile Valley of the White River. It could be located so As to pass through Pendleton Andersontown Munci Etown and Winchester Indiana thence into Ohio through Greenville and intersecting at Bellfontaine Logan 0, the mad River Railroad 90 Miles of which is in Active operation extending from Cincinnati to Lake Erie having its terminus there at Sandusky City. Thirty five Miles of this identical route is now chartered. But that which is the most important this Road would open 100 Miles of the White River Valley to the Boston Market. This Region although Well populated has hitherto been shut out with All its Richness from Eastern markets. Its very prices current show the great productiveness of this Valley and indicate How great the advantage would be to manufacturing and commercial new England if its resources could be drawn thither. Corn is now Selling at 10 cents per Bushel and wheat at 30 cents and the Best of fruit can scarcely be Given away. The prices of cattle Are in the same ratio with Grain. Indianapolis is rapidly improving. Fine blocks of buildings and neat residences have been erected within the lastly competence Are proud to be ranked among practical far year and the it it Usy sound of the Hammer is still re echoing mers. Good sense. A correspondent of the Albany cultivator thus discourses upon the Choice of a profession Quot a sentiment has prevailed and i fear yet prevails to an alarming extent that the practical Farmer occupies a place ill society Agrade lower than the profession id Man the merchant or than Many other labourers. Many of our youth have imbibed this sentiment ind have been encouraged in it by the fond but injudicious Parent. Thus not a few who might otherwise have been useful members of society have been thrown upon the world Mere pests to the come manily. I have certainly no antipathies to the Learned professions the mercantile business or mechanical employments. These Are All necessary and important but i insist that agric Hilture is neither less important or less honorable or less useful. The difficulty is not so much in the several kinds of business As in the fact that an undue proportion of our fellow citizens Are engaged in the former to the neglect of the latter and More than All that the sentiment which i have suggested i events multitudes from engaging in either. From my own observation in a life of More than 45 years and looking Back and following the history of my curly associates and from a somewhat extended acquaintance with the world i am fully of the opinion that i sentiment is one of the most fruitful sources of idleness and crime of any that can be named. And yet what multitudes of Young men and guardians act or seem to act under its influence. I knew a Man in my Early boyhood who had a profession but very Little else except a numerous family who was often heard to say Liat his sons should never be Farmers let what would come. Those sons Are now vagabonds except one who has already come to an untimely end. His daughters married gentlemen and arc both living in abject poverty. This is Only one among the multitude of cases which might be mentioned. Still men will pursue the same path. I know a Farmer with two sons smart Active lads enjoying Good health who not Long since rented his farm that a and his boys might live easier. I was inclined to say to that father take care sir that you train not those Fine Yonng Fellows to idleness dissipation and vice. God made Man an agriculturist and while in a state of innocence his first business was to till the . And in every age of the world some of the greatest and the Best of men have been Farmers. Job and Abraham were Farmers Washington and Jackson were banners a As also a multitude of worthy names and Noble spirits a who like them have blessed the world with examples of greatness and honorable deeds. And i rejoice to know that Many in our own time of highly cultivated intellect and enlarged views and world from Street to Street. The Church edifices which have recently been built and in Progress of erection Are a surpass far better had it been for the world had the number been tenfold greater. Far better were it for the present Genera de for taste and Beauty in any town of similar size in our i Tion if in the Choice of an employment parents and their land. An extensive rail Road depot is now being erected on sons would View the subject As these have done and let those such a Large and ample scale that i am reminded of the sons be directed in their Choice to the same Wise great Western freight depot of your City. When our rail thus much of the idleness and crime which Are exerting Road will be completed in the Spring this Point will be one such a fearful in Flence upon us would never have existed. Obituary notice of the late gov. Bigger. Died at fort Wayne Indiana on the 9th ult., after five Days illness Samarel bigger late governor of Indiana. Governor bigger was born in Warren ., Ohio in the year 1802, and was therefore in his 45th year. His father. Col. John bigger emigrated from Pennsylvania when Ohio wad Vereon d�mocrat8 ind mss bombs Keg Stephens yet a wilderness. He occupied a prominent position in the or events connected with her Early history having taken part Raul ionic he quo Maine. The House stands thus far 54 whigs to 53 Locos. The whigs continue to hold their own and redeem towns that have Long been under Loco Foco Rule. The following extract from a letter of one of the oldest and bravest oils Cersy now in Active service in our army to a gentleman in our City contains a reflection worthy of a consideration of the nation doubly impressive for coming amp of one whose life a been spent in the Field Quot wars i Pear of late years to be at variance with the Fiorit of most of the great nations of the Earth and christians think had reason to regard that fact As Beto Kening the arrival of the period when wars should cease from off the Martli and the mild and peaceful reign of the Prince of peace should be ushered in and it seems to me sadly inconsistent that a nation so distinguished As ours by civil and religious privileges and to extensively engaged in disseminating the gospel Over the world should at the same time be engaged in carrying on a War with a sister Republic a War of at least a questionable character in a moral Point of View and inimical to every Precept of the gospel. I am afraid our National greatness and Power Are generating a spirit of aggression and Conquest and of unholy ambition but i will yet Hope that will meet All nations upon the Broad platform of True equity and be prepared to mete out to others the same measure that would of new York state convention by a vote of 77 to 33, has struck out the Section in the present Constitution which excludes ministers of the gospel from holding any civil or military office in that state the constitutional prohibition was occasioned by the to Quality of a minister who happened to be a member of the convention that framed the Constitution. The members were so annoyed with him for consuming their time by his excessive speaking that a provision was adopted forever excluding that profession from All civil or military of laces. We disapprove of any constitutional restriction against them but have no objection to the people pronouncing them disqualified whenever they present themselves As candidates for any popular parsec Mon of the seems to be no doubt of the truth of the report that a special messenger or message has been despatched from the War department direct to Gen. Taylor at Monterey instructing him to take Possession of the City immediately and fortify and leave a sufficient Garrison for its Protection with the sick of his army in the Hospital there then March Forward without delay upon Saltillo and Onward until otherwise directed. He is to Lay contributions upon the country for supplies for the no further invasion upon private property authorized except to much As is absolutely necessary to the sustenance of his army. The administration has Given up All Hope of peace through the instrumentality of Santa Anna. To a legislative councils throw i period of two my years. His son Samuel bigger the subject of this notice was a graduate of Athens University. In 1829 he removed to Indiana and resided first in Union county and afterwards in Rush county. For two years in succession he was chosen by the people of Rush county it a represent them in the legislature in which body he was a prominent actor in All important legislation. Soon afterwards he was elected by the legislature. President judge of the Eastern circuit which station he filled for Many years with dignity and ability until called from the Bench in i840j to fill the office of governor of Indiana. Of his acts in this exalted station it is unnecessary to speak As they Fern a Pat of the history of the country. In his official and personal Intercourse with the legislature and with citizens of the state he secured Many warmly attached friends to whose hearts the intelligence of his death will carry a Pang. Apart from those collisions which Are inseparable from political life he scarcely Ever incurred the ill will of any one such was the urbanity of his manners and the genuine kindness of his heart. At the close of his gubernatorial term he removed to fort Wayne and resumed the practice of the Law. His stay among us was Brief but Long enough to form friendships and social ties the sudden rending of which has caused Many a heart to bleed. Indeed All seem to have been his friends enemies believe he had none. All feel that there is a vacant place in our society not soon if Ever to be filled. Gov. Bigger possessed talents of a High order rather substantial and useful than Brilliant. His judgement was remarkably sound dispassionate and discriminating and it was this chiefly that made him eminently a Leader in every Circle in which he moved whether in political life at the bar or in society at Large. For the last eight years he had been a member and part of the time a ruling elder in the presbyterian Church. At the time of his death he was superintendent of one of the Sabbath schools of this place and the affectionate interest with which the children gathered around his Corpse to catch a last look at their teacher their guide and Friend afforded evidences of the High estimate placed upon his benevolent efforts for the promotion of their highest interest. The last hours of his life were Calm and peaceful and his conversation with those present indicated in a remarkable degree the Power of the religion of Christ to sustain the soul in this conflict with the King of terrors. He expressed in the strongest and clearest language his resignation to the divine will and his Humble and entire dependence for salvation upon the Saviour of the world. His mental faculties continued Clear to the . Of great activity. Our Wortley judge of the supreme court Isaac Blackford l. L. D., has recently lost his Only son. He was a Young Man of promising talents and but a few years ago graduated with High honors at one of our colleges. He was distinguished in his preparatory course at this place for his Fine imagination and Beautiful descriptive writing. His loss will not Only be Felt by his affectionate father but the old associates and companions of George Blackford will feel that in him a sympathetic spirit has fled from their social Circle no More to commune with them in this can Neuble j. Many of the temptations to vice would have been avoided. I know a father engaged in a profession who has an Only son for whose interest he has Ever Felt the deepest solicitude. When that son was 16, like Many lads of his age he manifested a Strong desire to engage As a clerk in a store. The father Felt that agriculture was an a mazzy honorable business a much safer and More free from temptation yet he did not wish absolutely to compel to a course averse to his own Choice. He therefore engaged a place for him with a merchant of his acquaintance to be occupied in a few months on condition that the son should still persist in his determination. He then took the son alone and informed him that Liberia packet.�? stated some Day since the fact that he had procured such place at the same time pointing out one of our excellent ship carpenters or. L. B. Culley was in a kind manner the advantages and of the engaged in the construction of a packet to run Between i j mercantile business and of agriculture. He told him that Beria and the port of Baltimore. We consider this a most to was now of an age that he must choose for important movement and Well calculated to Advance the that whichever Way he should now decide he would be aided laudable objects of the american and Maryland colonization j As much As practicable that that decision must be final a societies. The vessel is to be built under the superintend he might reflect upon tie subject one week and then o Chapman in Bis paper of oct. L4, in speaking of the elections in Ohio and Pennsylvania says a Quot calculate to hear some Thunder As the returns come in and calculate also it will be Well suppose his calculations have been about right As it Ohio for the Gallant whigs of that state have Given the democracy so ample a Supply of Thunder that Chapman s share will be enough to m2lke him tremble in his shoes for a Coon s age. Extension of Empire. The Republic of the United states is growing apace. The recent additions of territory extend the Boundary of the country on the West coast from the forty second to the thirty second parallel of North latitude sweeping into the Union a monstrous portion of that territory which has heretofore been called Mexico and this is done without asking the consent of the people a the sovereignty of either Republic. The new York Sun contains some statistics relative to this great Transfer which Are annexed below the comparative size of Mexico and the United states in 1836, Weis As follow a Square acres. United states territories,.1,408,000,000 mexican territories. 1,081.600,000 have now to deduct from Mexico and to to the United states upper California 240,860,460 new Mexico 137,472,000 ence of a company chartered by the state of Maryland the being persons of color. She is to be manned exclusively by coloured persons with the exception of the Captain Olio will be a White Man for the first two or three voyages or until a coloured Man can properly qualify himself for the command. The american and Maryland colonization societies guarantee freight and passengers amounting annually to the sum of $2,000 each. The vessel is to be launched on or before the first Day of november next and will sail this fall with freight and passengers from both of the colonization societies. This direct and frequent communication with the colonies in Africa will be Gratifying to the friends of humanity for it will tend to dissipate the prejudice which unfortunately exists in the minds of Many Freo persons of color against the project of colonization and May induce them to take advantage of the Liberal conditions offered to become colonists themselves. We feel assured that if convinced of the actual condition of those at the Maryland Colony their perfect Freedom their Means of procuring education for their children and the rewards which Are received for Industry and prudence they would prefer becoming freemen in Africa to remaining in their present degraded condition. We had the pleasure of conversing with major Wood one of the colonists and found him a Man of great shrewd Ness and intelligence fully competent to appreciate the difference Between his former condition in this country and his present one in Africa. The letters of governor Russworm or. Mcgill and others colonists would do credit to some White statesmen. The Mai land Colony has succeeded in Quot annexing Quot by Purchase one Hundred Miles of Seaboard to Cape Palmas and the natives exhibited a disposition to participate in the benefits of civilization. We consider the Maryland Colony As constituting the foundation of what in future times May become a mightly Christian Empire. We should rejoice could the free coloured population of this state be induced to look upon colonization in a proper Light. Here they must continue to be what they now Are an inferior race in All that gives True dignity to Many in the Colony they would enjoy All the rights and privileges of freemen being eligible to All offices and reaping undisturbed the fruits of their own labor. It is their native soil and climate a and they would there be As exempt from disease As they Are Here. It astonishes us How sensible coloured persons can decline a Boon which could contribute so greatly to their happiness or that doubt upon the subject should be entertained when major Wood add other colonists have returned and made known the Happy and prosperous condition of the colonists. But they will have clearer and More just views of the benefits of colonization when the vessel now building shall have made a few trips to and from the Colony. Let his decision be known. At Thor close of a week he decided to be a Farmer to the Joy of his father. From that Day Onward he has pursued steadily his course is now pleasantly situated on a comfortable farm and is proud at Home or abroad to be known As a Farmer. Would it not be Wise for Many a father and son to imitate this Africa. Census of census of the Colony has just been among the documents of the Congress of the United i Tats at its present session which was taken it 1843. It presents Statis Ticle tables showing the number of emigrants and recaptured africans sent to the Colony of Liberia by the government of the United states together with the number of emigrants free born the number purchased their Freedom and the number emancipated for the purpose &c., and also furnishes a report of the Commerce of the Colony its imports exports &,c., with other important details. Quot from this authentic and official document it appears that the total number of emigrants Down to september 1843 was 4,456, of whom 2,590 had been emancipated from slavery in View of their emigration and 97 had been obliged to Purchase their Freedom before they could embark while the remainder 1,687, were born free. Of the whole number of emigrants 4,170 were sent out by the american colonization society and 286 by the United states government these last being recaptured africans from slave ships either prizes to our vessels or landed in our country in violation of Law. Quot the number then residing in the Colony who was sent out by the american colonization society or its auxiliaries was 1,736, and the total population of the Colony at that time was 2,390, of whom 1,474 were communicants in the several churches of the Colony. Of these 116 recaptured africans and 353 converted heathens Are Church members. Quot there were in 184. Besides sunday schools 16 Day schools having 562 chd Dren 370 of whom were americans and 192 born in afric a. These several schools Are thus classified 11 of them Are under the patronage of the methodist episcopal Mission 2 Baptist missionary society. 1 presbyterian missionary society 1 ladies of Philadelphia. 1 privately supported. At that Date there were in the Colony Twenty three churches As follows 13 of which were of the methodist episcopal denomination 8 Baptist Quot 2 presbyterian Quot of these churches three Are native chapels and belong to the methodist Mission. Quot now let us remember that these Are the statistics of that portion of Liberia which has been settled by the labors of the american colonization society Only and do not include the flourishing Colony at Cape Palmas belonging to the Maryland colonization society which in respect to schools churches and will be found equally entitled to commendation with the Best of the settlements in the neighbouring Colony. And moreover since 1843, All tie settlements have been improving in numbers and the above is taken from the Quot fourteenth annual report of the colonization society of the state of new York Quot a and it suggests two or three remarks 1. The tendency of colonization to produce emancipation is undeniable. Of the 4,456 who have emigrated to Liberia 2,590, More than half were emancipated Jar Iasi very purpose. What becomes of the old abolition slander that colonization tends to perpetuate slavery in the Light of such statistics As these ? 2. The moral condition of Liberia is encouraging in the extreme. Look at the number of communicants in the different churches. The number of professing christians in proportion to the entire population has hardly a parallel on Earth. Moreover All who have visited the country Bear Clear and decided testimony to the High and religious tone that prevails among the colonists. 3. The Success with which the efforts of the colonization society have been crowned must strike every candid Reader of the above statistics As very remarkable. Cause of it be True As the celebrated or. Samuel Johnson was accustomed to remark that ignorance of the Bible is the most common cause of infidelity among those Learned on other subjects May see in the following a cause for the late reign of scepticism in France. A Paris correspondent of the Edinburg weekly review gives the following graphic account of the difficulty he experienced in obtaining the loan of a Bible i happened during the week to have need of a Bible in the French version. I asked a Friend who resides in the same House if he had a copy. Quot no indeed he had the proprietor of the House Quot of you Are joking really Havn t got such a thing never had and did t know anybody who the Porter and his wife Quot Monsieur wanted a Bible what was a Bible Quot an acquaintance in the next Street Quot never saw a Bible in his a circulating Library Quot a a if Monsieur wanted a novel of Paul de Kock a la Bonne Here but As to a Bible it was friends and acquaintances and friends friends were called upon one after another for the desired Bible but cach and All gave the same answer that they had no Bible never had a Bible knew no one who had a Bible and did t know where a Bible was to be found unless in some old Corner of the Library of monseigneur the archbishop. All the circulating libraries of he neighbourhood were scoured but without Success no Bible was so be had. I sent to several booksellers shops to buy a copy not one was to be had for the moment though it could be obtained in a Day or two. At last i went to the Bibliog the que royales the great Public i May say National Library of France and there after some difficulty succeeded in procuring to object of my search. I make no comments on this Case. Every one of your readers will form his own opinion of the difficulty of obtaining a copy of the word of god in a Christian country and will compare that difficulty with the state of things in old Scotland. The language of or. Alexander upon this subject is forcible and just. Quot it is to us Quot says he Quot who have with interest marked Overy disaster and every step of the Progress a most astonishing object of contemplation that a private association in a Little More than Twenty years should by voluntary contribution without the Aid of the general government have been Able to establish a Well ordered and Happy Republic on the desert shores of Africa at the distance of three or four thousand Miles i this is indeed a thing which would scarcely be credited if its truth depended on common historical the realization of such a result shows the hand of Providence As distinctly As it was Ever seen in the eventful history of own Quot Pilgrim a rabbinical tale. 502,236,160 left of Mexico. 579,363,840 in 1836, the Posso Sion of the various Power on this continent Ware As follows russian. 480,000,000 British. 1,792,000,000 United states Mexico Central Pennsylvania has Learned Quot who James k. Polk is Quot and they seem to understand his Tariff principles at last. What will the honest pennsylvanians think of the honesty of their democratic friends the late election shows what Pennsylvania would have done had they not been grossly deceived in relation to the Tariff question. 1846. Of Quot there is no news from the army since the capture of a fish Monterey. We will probably hear nothing of interest until a -1,408,000,000 1,081,000,000 a 119,040,000 total 6,626,000 Miles 4,880,640,000 car a deducting from Mexico and adding to the United states 502,236,160 acres and deducting from the United states and adding to the British possessions 32,000,000 acres which the United states claimed but ceded to great Britain by the Oregon treaty the possessions of the various Powers on the North american continent now stand As follows the armistice of eight weeks is terminated. A creditor addressed the following note to his debtor sir to avoid All proceedings unpleasant i beg you will pay what is due if you do you la oblige me at present. If you Don to Why then i la oblige you. The heart the t is the soonest awakened to the Flowers of life is always the first to be wounded by its tii Orns. United states mexican. Central american Miles. Acres. 750,0000 4�9,000,000 2,8 0,000 1,824,000,000 2,9.34,744 1 878,236,160 905,356 579,364,840 186,000 119,040,000 7,626,000 4,880,640,000 by the Conquest of new Mexico and Santa be there has been added to this Union a population estimated at 300,000 souls mostly Indian. We estimate California at 100,000 and new Mexico at 200,000. By or. Franklin. 1. And it came to pass after these things that Abraham sat at the door of his tent about the going Down of the Sun. And behold a Man Bent with age coming from the wilderness leaning on a staff. And Abraham arose met him and said unto him Quot turn in i Pray thee and Wash thy feet and Tarry All night and thou Shalt arise Early in the morning and go thy 2. And the Man said Quot nay for i will abide under this but Abraham pressed him greatly so he turned and they went into the tent. And Abraham baked unleavened bread and they did eat. And when Abraham saw that the Man blessed not god he said unto him Quot wherefore Dost thou not worship the most High god creator of heaven and Earth a Quot 3. And the Man answered and said Quot i worship the god of my fathers in the Way which they have and Abraham s Wrath was kindled against the Man and he Rose and fell upon him and drove him Forth into the wilderness. And god called unto Abraham saying Abraham where is the stranger Quot 4. And Abraham answered and said Quot lord he would not worship thee neither would he Call upon thy name therefore have i driven him out before my face into the and god said Quot have i bom with him these Hundred and ninety years and nourished him and clothed him notwithstanding his rebellion against me and Couldst not thou who Art thyself a sinner Bear with him one night. And Abraham said Quot let not the anger of my lord Wax i hot against his servant to i have sinned i Pray thee for a give and Abraham arose and went Forth into the wilderness and sought for the Man and found him and returned with him to the tent and when he had treated him kindly he sent him away on the inor Rov with gifts. Ladies of fashion starve to Weir happiness to feed their vanity and their love to feed their Pride. Or. Franklin being in a company where religious intolerance was the subject discussed to illustrate some remarks he had made in favor of toleration took up a Bible and opening at genesis read the foregoing parable to the Surprise of his hearers who wondered that such a passage had escaped their notice there is no such passage or i arable in the Bible but nevertheless Are taught a Good lesson in favor of religions toleration. The death of in Headley s history or rather sketches of Quot Napoleon and his marshals Quot a Book Replete with interest and sparkling with a thousand gems of Fine writing find the following unequalled description of the death of the conqueror of half of Europe and the master spirit of the world Quot but at length that wonderful mind was to be quenched in the night of the grave and nature As if determined to assert the greatness of her work to the last trumpeted him out of the world with one of her fiercest storms. Amid the Roar of the blast and the Shock of the Billows As they broke where a wave had not struck for Twenty years amid the darkness and gloom and uproar of one of tie most tempestuous nights that Ever rocked that Lovely Isle Napoleon s spirit was passing to that unseen world where the sound of Battle never comes and the tread of armies is never heard. Yet even in this solemn hour his delirious soul caught perhaps by the Battle like Roar of the storm without was once More in the midst of the fight struggling by the pyramids or Danube or on the Plains of Italy. It was the Thunder of Cannon that smote his ear and amid the wavering fight and covering smoke and tumult of the scene his glazing Eye caught the Heads of his mighty columns As torn yet steady they bore his victorious eagles on and Tete s Armee head of the army broke from his dying lips. Awe struck and still his few remaining friends stood in tears about his Couch gazing steadfastly on that awful kingly brow but it gave no farther Token and the haughty lips moved no More. Napoleon Lay silent and motionless in his last arrival of another Brig casket of Beverly mass., arrived at Boston on the is May morning week from Rabenda West coast of Africa in command of Lieut. C. C. Barton of the u. S. Sloop of War Marion. The casket was seized by the Marion on suspicion of being concerned in Tho slave Trade a i was sent Home for adjudication. Tie Marion was at Rabenda when the casket sailed and it is probable she has since seized the Brig Harriet hourly expected there under the american hag having been sold it is said in Brazil. Frames and spars for one or More vessels to be built on the River Congo for the purpose of shipping off slaves had arrived there from Brazil it was Rej sorted at Rabenda that a Brig under the american Flag called the Vintage had succeed Eil ill getting away from Ambriz with 400 slaves. The Captain and Crew of the casket were before the . Commissioners at Boston on thursday and Friday week for examination. The transcript of Friday afternoon says Quot the evidence introduced was very lengthy but no very direct proof Hasas yet been elicited of their guilt. The will probably be concluded this ruling of Currian was a joke. In his last illness his physician remarked one morning that he seemed to cough with More difficulty. Quot that is rather surprising Quot answered he As i have been practising All night / the speaking Faber a mathematician of Vienna has brought Over to this country a speaking automaton upon the construction of which he has been employed some five and Twenty years. We were yesterday invited to a private View at the egyptian Hall of this extraordinary piece of ingenuity and with other spectators who were present had full reasons to be astonished with the completeness of the results attained. The apparatus is worked by a Calvier which played in conjunction with a Bellows produces at will the whole of the vowels and consonant sounds and by an adroit combination of the keys syllables and words. The Mouth of the figure is furnished with a Tongue of Caoutchouc and moveable lips action to which it is Given by mechanism of the most delicate kind precisely similar in its operation to that of the human being. The entire Range of elemental sounds being secured it is obvious that artificial speech May be carried on and a Faber s puppet is enabled to express any sentences which Are proposed with a distinctness which is no less curious than diverting. By contracting and expanding the artificial Glottis different registers of tone Are attained and incredible As it May seem the head sings tunes and words and All with both accuracy and promptitude. It also laughs and whispers in Short the organs of articulation have been so skilfully imitated that any of the vocal Phenomena Are within its reach. The voices which comes from the lips of the figure Are hard and penetrating and the cautious Way in which the phrases Are uttered like that of a child imitating a teachers has the droll est and most unsophisticated effect possible. Many attempts have been made in by gone times to construct an automaton of this description. In 1779 or. Krai Fentem found that the Vowel sounds might be realized by the transmission of air through Reeds Bent into certain angular shapes and subsequently m. Tempelen the celebrated mechanical contrived an apparatus from which it was possible to extract words and sentences limited to the simpler sounds. But the accounts of these inventions led us to infer that the result of both cases were extremely unsatisfactory. It has been left for m. Faber to overcome All the difficulties and As he has succeeded in reflecting the mechanism of nature so has his perseverance triumphed. About ten years ago or. Brewster published his belief that Quot before another Century was completed a talking and a singular machine would be numbered among the conquests of science Quot and his words were Herald. Gov. Bouck s old White history of this remarkable horse having become a matter of Public interest have been at considerable pains to collect the following information the old White horse is now about fifteen years of age but quite brisk and Lively. He was first introduced to the people of Schoharie county in the state election in 1842. When or. Bouck accepted the nomination As governor he started on the old White horse on a pilgrimage to the mountains. The Good dutch people turned outto meet him in every direction and the governor would address them in their native dutch which he Speaks with great fluency. His speech was always the same at every town and the old White horse got so Well acquainted with it that he knew exactly when his master had finished. At the end of the speech he would Lead off with a regular horse laugh which was the signal for a Hurra from the audience. His wonderful sagacity was the general talk and the accounts spread among the Hills in Advance of the governor positively asserted that the horse Quot spoke Telow Dotch like a this increased the excitement. Sentinels were posted on the Hill tops to warn the villagers of the governor s appearance so that All might have a Chance to see the old White horse. So the governor was elected by an overwhelming majority and to this Day the Good dutch people of Sci Thario mountains will Tell you that Quot gov. Fuck s old Vite horse Speaks Telow Dotch like a this valuable animal May now be seen occasionally in Wall Street carrying loads of specie from Tho Banks for governor 3ouck to lock up in the Iron vaults until he has time to count it and Send it off to . Y. Sun. From the Baltimore american. Massachusetts. At the whig state convention recently held in Massachusetts certain resolutions were offered strongly imbued with the spirit of political abolitionism. The following May serve to indicate the Tenor and character of the series resolved that upon a review of recent events in their necessary connection with others that preceded them whether recollect the difficulties experienced by the whig party upon the accession of or. Tyler to the presidency or the divisions in the democratic party which resulted in the abandonment of or. Van Buren and the nomination of or. Polk whether consider the results of the presidential election and Trace in them the distinct influences which prevailed in different sections of the country or whether again recognize these influences As impressed upon the extraordinary proceedings of the a present Congress it is impossible not to perceive and it would be unwise in us not to declare that perceive that All the previous issues Between the parties have become gradually absorbed in a conflict of opinion and policy Between the free and slave holding states and that the political Power of slavery entrenched behind the pillars of the Constitution and now grasping the purse and wielding the sword of the Union is the most formidable antagonist which the whigs As the supporters of the Constitution and the Union Are now compelled to it May be safely left to Tho True whigs of Massachusetts to repudiate the views and purposes Here avowed As promptly and decisively a the whig convention of Massachusetts rejected the resolutions. Nor has there been any hesitation on the subject. Quot a More suicidal act Quot says the Boston daily advertiser Quot could not have been committed by the representatives of the party than the adoption of these resolutions As the declaration of whig sentiments and of the purposes of their party nor one More fatal to the real objects for which they maintain their organization. It is therefore Gratifying to observe that even under the Surprise by which the members of the convention were doubtless taken by the offer of these propositions As a supplement to those reported by the committee they received the Sanction of but a Small if the advocates of the resolutions in question believe that they can carry out their declared purposes under the Constitution and in accordance with it they Are deceiving themselves on a Point too essential to be made a matter of mistake. The result to which their movement tends is neither More nor less than a dissolution of the Union with the contingency of civil War. Some of the abolitionists who Are Content with their own name and do not seek to identify themselves with any other make no secret of their purposes in this behalf. The representatives of these who find their Best place for congenial counsels in a foreign country have announced in the London world convention that the leading measures now to be adopted by abolitionists in the United states is to agitate in great Britain for a dissolution of the american Union. Let those people keep to themselves act in their own name and they will not be Likely to do much mischief although they May intend a great Deal. The whigs look to the preservation of the Constitution and of the Union the basis on which they stand is As wide and As Broad As the foundation on which the bulwarks of the Republic rest. Asa National party they Havo National objects in View a National spirit inspires them. The whig of the North meets his brother of the South in Fellowship in warm political communion the Flag which floats Over the Capitol is a common Emblem dear alike to both and while neither is disposed to interfere with the local concerns of the other with which he has nothing to do the general happiness and Prosperity of the Union the glory of the National name the Success of our Noble adventure in the career of self government enlist the ardent wishes Hopes and sympathies of both unite them in a common policy and inspire them with a spirit for Mutual sacrifices. We quote the Boston daily advertiser further it is an Assumption without proof and in opposition to Well known facts that All the previous issues Between the parties have become absorbed in a conflict of opinion and policy Between the free and slave holding know not How to account for such an assertion As this put forwardh>80t Broad and unqualified a form and inviting the assent of air Quot. The whigs of the state. Who is there so ignorant As not to know that there Are other issues Between the parties of grave importance and of longstanding in Fely distinct Romany conflict of opinion or policy Between Tho free and slave holding states so far from All other questions being absorbed in this it is not even one of the questions at Issue Between the parties. On the contrary the people of both the free and slave holding states Are divided Between the whig and the democratic parties. To test the truth of these assertions it is Only necessary to revert for a moment to the great questions which divided the two parties in both houses of Congress at the last session and also to those which have divided our own legislature whenever political questions have Arisen there. Are they questions arising from a Mere conflict of opinion and policy Between the free and slave holding states have they any thing to do with slavery or the slave holding states was the Oregon questions the Tariff questions the sub Treasury questions and the other principal topics of debate of the last session were these conflicts of opinion about slavery did they not involve considerations of a very important nature entirely distinct from any reference to slavery if there Are other questions of controversy Between the parties not merely questions of opinion but questions of policy deeply affecting the Public interests where is the advantage or propriety of asserting in a document intended to express the sentiments of the whig party that All those questions Are merged in another question which in fact divides both parties nor is it True that the most formidable antagonist which tie whigs As supporters of the Constitution have to contend with is Quot late political Power of slavery entrenched behind the pillars of the the whigs have nothing to fear from any Power entrenched behind the what they have most to fear is an invasion of the Constitution and an attempt to destroy it. The last sentiment should expect to hear uttered from any representative of the whig party would be a desire to demolish a single pillar of that edifice for the purpose of assailing an adversary entrenched behind it. The sentiment that the most formidable Power which the people have to contend with is the Power of slavery As defined by the Constitution is an abolitionist and not a whig doctrine. As far As Are entitled to represent the whig party entirely abjure it and protest against its being incorporated into the whig Creed. The attempt to change the Constitution in the feature of it which relates to the distribution of political Power Between the slave holding and free states without destroying the Constitution itself and with it the Union is one of the most visionary schemes which occupies the thoughts of the reformers of the Day and it is not Only dangerous from its obvious impracticability. It will be apparent believe to every whig whose feelings and purposes Are not already identified with those of the party of political abolitionists that the assertions embraced in the above extract Are not whig but purely abolitionist doctrines. The assertion Quot perceive that All the previous issues Between the parties have become gradually absorbed Quot in the slavery question to be reconciled with the truth must be interpreted to mean abolitionists perceive but one question at Issue and that is the question of slavery. So also the sentiment that the political Power of slavery under Tho Constitution is the most powerful antagonist to be encountered is not the sentiment of a party which relies for operation on whigs of slave holding states As Well As of any other state but it is merely a Dogma of the abolitionists now tendered to the whigs for their adoption. An irishman who had just landed said the first bit of meat he Ever ate in this country was a roasted pot toe boiled yesterday. And if you do not behave my i can show it to you for i have it in my pocket now. Very strange phenomenon for a number of Days past a Quantity of rain or something else like it has been continually falling Between two Trees on the North Side of Federal Street opposite 17. It was attributed to natural causes but upon thorough investigation yesterday its source could not be ascertained. Hundreds of persons hearing of the phenomenon repaired to the spot yesterday and seemed to be utterly amazed at the Shower. It can be seen descending from above the Trees and the pavement around is quite wet. The Width of the Shower is but a few feet. It certainly is one of the strangest that Ever saw and it is worthy of a visit from the Sun. Sabbath advice to t let your prayers exceed ten minutes nor your sermons half an hour. Never give out More than five stanzas to be Sung by the choir read notices before the Sermon and if you have omitted any the deacons will have time to give notice. Besides notices after the Sermon May have a bad effect on the the congregation to Don t carry crying babies to Church nor larger children who have a cough or cannot keep from Sno ring. To Young directly to and from the Church without hanging about the doors. It looks badly for a Young Man to wait till the congregation Are All in before he parades us the aisle. To never go to Church to be seen and to show off a new dress. It is no place for this purpose. Don t twist round your head to look at the House when you should be hearing the Sermon. It attracts the attention of others and disturbs those who wish to hear. The Church is no place to display dry goods carrying melting bottles and peppermints or to Flint away. Remember this and act accordingly. A Good Springfield Gazette tells a Good Story about a Clergyman who lost ins horse on saturday evening. After Hunting in company with a boy until Midnight to gave up in despair. The next Day somewhat dejected at his loss he went into the pulpit and took for his text the following passage from Job Quot of that i knew where i might find him Quot the boy who had just come in supposing the horse was still the Burden of thought cried out Quot i know where he is lie s in Deacon Smith s barn

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