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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - October 27, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana A. Vol. , wednesday october 27, 1830. No. 392. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Texas. Two dollars per an Mem if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual rates. Politics for Fae Meks from Niles Register. We have for some time contemplated a general essay iii Wlinich certain of the leading principles and practical operations of what is denominated the Ajner ican system might he rendered More familiar to the Farmers and other Worling classes mho have not time to read nor Leisure to investigate the important a subject though More deeply interesting to Ali iii eyes Tolian other persons in the a a nit cd Stales. It has been delayed however from various causes and the few facts collected Are Mere examples of the Many thai might be obtained were time and Opportunity allowed for the gathering of them we now proceed to the task so tar Desh Ous of Brevity As to be Applei pensive that to Ray not always be fully Piid Erswood unless by them who while Tivey read Wal also in no upon what shall be presented to them. I he primary interest m the a in de states is certainly Liat of tie Farmers a the next that of the to Lii Iru thai of navigation and Commerce die fourth that of the planters proper. J he Tabt Ilu Nisi ies the largest amount of value m articles Abr Export but in its general sum of products a is at a vast distance behind the in so or sev.on�, and much in the rear of the Ihui. It May of Wei to say a lev words in regal d to each. Or. Cooper calculated the on you Quot the people of Quot the Laitu a states at a jew a Nii Lions of Collais in exc Miniea to fao the on Roiti Fox Trade dwindle into Insign Jvance Chen a to in Pompeii icon Wii a in a Ralea the sup poit of each for Iborti Uris a and fuel at a year. Vve have Fiat Erifily if tired Iron tiie doctor the Jinji lieu As now that he was extravagant m Lus Coic Uia tons a but have up pose that the average Cost of subsistence might be Douai per annul for the whole United Esaies cobs Denzig the cheapness of Good in Many parts of the ulterior and that we have iwo millions of slaves. I Liis Mou erace sum i i give us too millions of Doii ars As like Cost of subsistence the product of our Lai Kjier so out when to this is added tiie value of a used the Loisl of horses and the value of Quot Timber and amp a. Of the Wool lax thinly Itiat the whole ties produced or supplied by the liar Misof the Lin item states May be Meuso Nabity put Down at 000 iii icons of dollars a Eai. We place the entire clothing of the people of the United states in Luduig All die clothes required for Home hold or odier Jun poses Ai 2� Doii ars per head i his embraces All Manul actues of Cotton Wooi tax readier fur Ana silk <5�c., and is surely below the real value. The aggregate is i icons of doll Ais of we iii in airy thousands consume More than their or Philion in boots and shoes Only for it Sci does Shoemakers Buls As Well As Laii ors Aud hatters a pc. And if to this we add die of Iron and other if Tais of Wood in houses and ships and furniture of minerals and earths such As Brick Glass Aii wares the big Gregie cannot be put Down at in amps Man a i of i he amount earned my rights coasting Inland Ash iii Anu foreign i la i Cius Piug passed i Gers and goods transp idea in steam boats and canal boats with me profits on exchanging common cities cannot be less than 100 millions a year All which is put into the Domestic circulation and invigorates every Branch of business Especial the agricultural for subsistence fuel Consi aued. In addition to these we verily believe Itiat the disbursements a a fihe people of the United states for travelling on land Wuh stage hire ii orse need Turnpike rates <5�c., is of a Iai Ger amount than what we have Legard cd As the 1th great Branch of the business of Oil people 11 the whole Cotton crop be a million of Quot Bales or 300 millions of pounds or 30 millions of Doii ars the tobacco sugar and Rise May be estimated at i iii icons More but say 45 millions As the whole proud cd of the planting interest a Lair Anu average prices Iaci uding the costs of transportation a Large amount to be deducted Ironi Ine general sum. Forty live Ini Lions Lido liars Are More than Ilie Wool a of All the cuu Jii tobacco sugar and Rice annually supplied in the United slates. Veil May e , in the words <3f or. Coop i Quot How do the boasted pane gyr icks on tie planting interest dwindle into insignificance when compared with the farming or 7nanvfacturing and though a before observed the painters ship a in a Large proportion of our Aili cies fur sex Joil the Whoie proceeds would go but a Shoil Way towards feeding the people of the planting states if the Lastih oilers were not a Lino banners. Their crops of Grain and grass it Sec. Are Worth a Mitch mightier sum than those of Cotton sugar tobacco and Rice. We invite a careful consideration of these things. Mathematical accuracy is not aimed at for them and cannot be attained. It is sufficient that our calculations Are reasonable. The aggregate for subsistence and clothing of All sorts All kinds of farming or family utensils the building and repair of houses and ships iii the rents of houses �fee., Are put Down at a less sum than 90 dollars per head per annul or for a Man his wife and thu be children 450 dollars a year about the amount of the wages of a respectable Journeyman Mechanic which is below the average value consumed. What is the sum of the rents of All the houses in our cities and towns and the product of these it must be observed Are As Well added to a a Nei al amount of subsistence As bread or clot Liing. We shall proceed to a More particular notice of certain products of the Farmers by which we mean the growers of Grain grass roots meats Wool &c., in distinction to those of Cotton sugar tobacco and Rice. The people of the United states consume each 1 la. Of flour a Day or its equivalent in other vegetable f of Export that we Ever made of beef and boric was in 1805�?240,000 bbl. In 1829, Only 110,000�?or 22 millions of pounds just an Hundredth part of the Domestic consumption. It thus appears that the vegetable food of the United states exported is about a 24th part of what the Home demand requires and of meats Only a 100th part. It is then the Home Barket that should mainly occupy the Tho rights of a Republican statesman. This great Market is Best encouraged or protected by divisions of labor. If All were Farmers raising their own bread and meat there Lould be no Home Market and flour for the foreign one would not sell for More than two dollars a Baitel if for so much delivered at our sea ports. The English could hardly take it As a gift b i cause of the duty unless in times of Scarcity though delivered free of Cost for i eight but were All Farmers we should have no cities. How would the account stand then 1 new York alone consumes the equivalent of one third of a a our exports of flour Baltimore 150,000 barrels or Thiee i ills of a this is less than the All that we sent to the West indies last year amount Given to decently fed slaves a Peck and much More than was exported direct to of Corn 10 a week being allowed per j the British West indies when the ports Chusett and Rhode Island and they of the latter furnish the other with Cotton got Ltd cheaper than they can otherwise obtain them common sense will teach both the value of Mutual exchanges. We have had a nighty out cry about the loss of the West India Trade and shall have a grand ado if it is regained. We believe that the Sale of one barrel of american flour has not been lost because of the loss of that Trade that the general amount of our Trade with the West indies has not been materially affected by an opening or closing of the British ports. But if the Sale of All the flour which proceeded direct to those ports when opened was really lost to us the whole amount is less than the demand for four and Corn at the manufacturing Tom of Providence in Rhode Island this will astonish Many but it is the truth notwithstanding. The highest a mount of flour Ever exported to the British West indies was about 130,000 barrels in one year. In ls26- 7�?from july to tuly 127,150 barrels of flour were received at Providence with perhaps 200,000 bushels of Southern com near Iyall which immediately passed to the manufacturers for consumption. We might multiply facts like these without null Xiru but cannot give the room necessary to state them. Such is the connexion Between agriculture and mama cures. We shall now no head with other vegetable food. The Annu j were open. Baltimore and her at Jacent al Supply Tor 12 millions is then 4,880,-i factories also consumes the equivalent of 000,000 22 millions bbl. Of flour. 80,000 barrels of beef or pork about Oliree it is no matter of w hat this food fourths of the whole exp it it of last if of wheat flour the average Cost iii not yet we have heard a senseless Maryland i Tice the Folly or falsehood of those who in exceed to cents for each person per Farmer wish that Baltimore his Wor Fri Sist that the Laws for the Protection of domes which we think is a pretty moderate rate of Vas sunk in the Basin he Mif it almost tic manufactures Are taxes on Consumers for these Laws have had one invariable tendency to reduce the prices of articles protected without at All diminishing the foreign de living and suppose that or. Cooper and a vell have Wishe that then i s which or. M duller must admit it prepared his Grain for bread were destroy the greatest Export of flour was in 1817 j go the people of the cities of Boston �?1,470,108 a barrels because of the very \ew.yurk, Philadelphia and Baltimore Mand for the products of our soil. In 1823, of labor just of which latter 210,384 went to England Ludd to. Large cities Cam of exist unless flour Wilh together 29,150,000 dollars on a speciation of Short crops but was the acid Mechanic arts pros the Quantity and the Vahie being both in nearly All re shipped to the British West in j pm. I them it is the products of Industry creased in Defiance of All the Aeiful predict Dies or elsewhere or retained until it be-1 thus applied Wlinich obtain food and other to the contrary a . Hnin a a in if in Norl Liia fat Aii Coo of Lii of in t in Ype i re nip l in a a rect up Noirl a came sour because that the duty ret tired upon it could not be paid for British food. We shall Here explain what this duty is. It As the Price of Grain rises. Thus a when British wheat is at 5tis. The Quarter of 8 bushels of 70 . Each or about 130 cents for the american Bushel of 60 the duty is 44s. 8d. Per Quaner equal to 5 dollars 98 cents on a bars i of four a when at 60s. The Quarter ii to More than a taxes Hofsom Eliud must be paid. A Revenue Wiy must be collected but whether a protecting Dut super added is of is net Quot these and such As these Are the articles of Iron Best protected a no they Shew a general decline of about 25 per cent or one fourth in Price As compared with their value previous to such Protection. On hammered Bari roti the duty was 45 cents the cwt. In 1816, raised to 90 in 1824, at Wlinich it remains. It was Worth the Superior qualities $100 the ton a few Yeai a since and now Sells for Only $85 a reduction of 15 per cent., i because of the Domestic compe Titinik excited by the Tariff manufactures of Wooi. The duties Laid upon foreign Wool for the Protection of american banners and which we heartily approve of Excel As to the coarsest and finest qualities because w e do not produce of the former and very Little of the Latte has prevented a Large general decline in the Price of Woollen goods except in what May be called tie medium Qualia is Avrich were about 25 per Ceriter. Less last ear Hian previous to the increased duties Jjon them. The i ice of Wool has advanced and so a e such c Oths but they Are Sill Chea Ier Fame. Vicau Mant facture than Ever they were of English product under a Mere Revenue duty. The Ven Fine cloths retain a retry nearly their old prices though rather less. All mixtures of Cotton and Wool Are much Chea Jer. The Welsh Plains Wlinich averaged at least 65 cents a Yard previous to the Tariff of 1824, fell to 00 cents on the iii creased duty As soon As certain of our factories were put ii to operation. And the. Article known As Canton cloths a much More valuable one than the Welsh , s old last ear at Felt m 56 to 60 cents. Then Price has since advanced because that die Stock of foreign coarse tool is exhausted and there is no Domestic Supply. Negro cloths such As in 1825, 6, 7 and 8, sold for 27 cents and because a glut last year for 22 cents nov sell for 42 cents Abr the reason assigned. The South Imp used the duty on coarse Wool and will pay i it is difficult to fix a deter innately descriptive Quality of cloths and so not easy to make out a Clear comparison of prices but it is Manifest that their Cost has generally declined Brit the increase of duties on them. The fact is that the manufacture of a Vard on a Lia Ivel of flour. There is a Grade of Dut for every shilling of the value of Aqua Ter of a la can or other Grain a from 72s. To 50s. At he Fust the duty is nominal but As the Price declines it becomes heavy and sgt a n runs into prohibition. It is thus that England her agriculture there has Ixion another Little Bubble about Short Cirps in England but at the last advices the duty on a barrel of our flour was nearly 3 dollars so none had been sold for consumption but there had been a few Days of Sun Shine and As the Price of wheat was Dehning the duty was about to Advance. This is a chief part of the British free Trade system so Inch spoken of and held up for our imitation Britain excludes our flour though we might furnish it at a much less l Rice than her own costs her j eople even when she has a fair and full crop but we ought to Purchase British Cali Coes though we can make them ourselves and As cheaply As she Wihs As shall be Shewn below. The american consumption requires the equivalent of 22 millions of barrels of flour a the foreign demand takes off less than 900,000. The Domestic demand is settled a Ilie foreign Small As it is unsteady in 1817, the value of All the vegetable food exported was $22,594,000�?in 1829, Only 9,079,762. The much complained of fluctuations in the value of Cotton present nothing like this. The foreign flour Trade cannot at time be depended on. We a e exported More than 300,000 barrels to Cuba and Hayti in one year and in another less Dian 90,000. Quot we have sent several Hundred thousand to England in one Yeai Quot and not a barrel As it were in the ensuing one. To this wretched uncertainty with our continual Gaji ing at thugs abroad instead of attending to things at mine we Are indebted for three fourths of the perplexities or embarrassments which the Farmers of the United states have suffered As must appear Niani fast to every reflecting mind. As i l foreign Trade we Are pleas d with a rattle tickled with a Straw now As to meats of All sorts. The consumption and waste exceeds 4 la. For each person a Day. The Gross Quantity required is then,2,160,000,000 . Equal to 11 millions bbl. Of beef or pork. The greatest ii pro coarse Cotton goods is 8 cents but we May j v de machinery not i Ofifi the latter coun buy a Square Yard of such goods Home try and v. Hirisi perhaps a Auto be use be supplies for them and this causes that invaluable Interior Commerce a which prevails in every civilized nation and must More or less exist in All populous coun i tax depends on particular considerations. T , in the United states now ousts less tries. Two of the greatest cities in the for example the duty on a Square Yard of j than in Eigland because of new and in pro world. Nankin in China and Jeddo in Japan Are thus maintained a vast amount of Home Trade is transacted at them the foreign being of no account. And at London the greatest commercial City in the world the Interior or Home to Ade is at least Twenty times greater than the foreign one. We have in our own Cour itry two Beautiful types of the principles that we teach in Pittsburgh and Cincinnati. Theja have no foreign Trade but lands and houses in them. Made for eight cents or of a cent less than the duty. It is impossible then that tie do cause of the great number of persons Diat it would throw out of Ems Loyme t. Thedis to is a tax. The duty on shot is 4 cents j Ference in the Cost of a Yard of cloth ii Ade lb., but we can obtain Quantity at 5 i in the u. States and in England if Thore cents per �?if the duty is a tax the shot is is is in the difference a of the Cost of tie w of and in Theu neighbourhood Bear a full com Paris m with the values of lands and houses at Baltimore and its neighbourhood. The manuf pictures of Philadelphia that is those supplied with Philadelphia labor and capital Quot and Wlinich Centre in that Cit have been estimated at 25,000,000 dollars annually equal to the full Everage value of All the Cotten exported. Without an Interior Trade a City can Only be As Heligoland was Ashen converted into a nest for smugglers As the Island of tit. Thomas is because a free a Ort at which the British islands Are Supply id with our flour a a pc. A More special application of the benefits Deri de from a prudent division of labor May be thus Shewn Massachusetts Rhode Island and Connecticut Are capable of raising All the bread stuff s which their people need and Hereof re had a Comisi durable surplus but at an ear y Peri of they turned their attention much to navigation and have latterly become great manufacturing states. The lands in this District Are not Well fitted Abr the Culini Vatious of v. Heat but they prefer bread made from ii if Able to Purchase it. To take of them Cotton and other manufactures Oil &c., and they receive in Exchange of us not less than the equivalent of 1,50 ,-000 barrels of Fogt or in bread stuffs or a much greater value Thui the whole of our foreign Trade in them. This May be called a new business and is of vast importance to All parties. It is equally profitable to Wilh Only one cent per la. And so on. The duty on Wiiest is 15 per 15 cents on every Dollar of its Cost As the free Trade folks say but is Farmer Fofi ish enough to believe that a tax of the a idled states is collected on the wheat that he grows and consumes it is a popular cry that duties Are taxes so was the Halloo a great is the Diana of the a a falsehood or an idol placed in opposition to truth and the Etc Ernani bin Currle of truth there is a duty of 3 cents per la. On Cotton is Cotton advanced in that amount because of that duty Shaw we cannot dwell longer on such Sadije cts and must proceed. Manufactures of Iron. This is a leading interest in the United states and a great supporter of tie Home Market As every firmer in the neigh or of d of Iron works Well knows. The f allowing shews that decreased prices have invariably followed increased duties. As to Iron manufactures no Patriot will contend that we should a be dependent on foreign nation for them they Are essential to the Independence of our own and Are without substitutes. The first encouragement avas Given to rolling irn by the Tariff of 1816, when the duty was fixed at $30 per ton and so it remained until 1828, when it was raised to $37 per ton. In con a Quence of the act of is lift in new rolling Mills were immediately erected without including the new Estali Lisments West of the mountains and Sheet Iron and boiler plates better than the englis Wlinich sold for $180 the ton eight or nine years ago May now be had for 130 or $140 the ton. We speak Ahvay the one whether a Yard of Cotton cloth be j of wholesale prices. Rolled round a on has sold for 6 or 7 3 to to go to Baltimore or had the same reduction in value. The doctor is talking about calculating the value of the Union Quot Fie is a great calculator the average Cost o paupers in Many establishments but Vve wish to err if err we must on the Quot Safe Side j from this Soiree 30 millions May be deducted for imported articles. A a this View the planting interest will strike Many of our readers with considerable Force. It St Ems to be a new View of the subject. Admitting that it requires 90 dollars a head to feed clothe and provide the people of the a iii Ted states with All the rest of the things that Uliey need their comforts require or luxuries demand a the whole product of the planting interest would Supply Only 500,000 people. We have made Large allowances. If the whole Cotton crop be 1,000,000 Bales though it has never perhaps amounted to so Large a number the nation of South Carolina May produce 200,000, Worth $6,000,000. This is perhaps much beyond the real amount but intended to include the Domestic As Well As foreign sales. Yet the Ponien s bonnets lace and artificial Flowers made by some of the girls of Massachusetts Rhode Island and Connecticut will a Purchase one third of All this boasted product of the nation of South Carolina a and the i melons Combs umbrellas and in Vuu fac tured being added the whole crop would fall much Short of a payment for them. We Are serious. The value of these articles is More than seven millions of dollars a year perhaps nearly eight. Inc uding Rice amp a. Lima or to the other if a barrel of flour Sells for 5 dollars to proceed to Boston or Kams Charlta but there is this imposing advantage the orders and decrees intrigues or caprices of foreign nations have no effect Over our Home Trade. Its amount is beyond calculation and it knits the people closely together. Aye have seen Baltimore branded four in the midst of the mountains of Vermont. Such is the american system this could not have happened but because of the divisions of labor Liat w e have spoken of. But it is said the people would cat As much bread As they now do were that system Desh oyed. So it May be said that we should require As Many shoes were All the shoe makers guillotined but every body knows that it would not be advantageous for the Farmer to Stop his plough and let his horses remain Idle to make a pair of shoes. If the people on the Rich lands of new York Pennsylvania Maryland and Virginia can make wheat cheaper than those of Mussa Small hoop Iron a new manufacture protected Liy a duty of 3 cents per la. By the Tariff of 1828, and which sold for $150 a ton a few years ago is now Sellig for 120 a ton. Braziers rods which had Nevin been made in this country until protected by the Tariff of 1828, with a duty of3i cents per lb., and were sold at ,150 a ton or 65 cents a Pound now sell for ,135 a ton or 6 cents per 11 though taxed 3a cents Ter la. Cut nails Avert 8 cents per la. In 1821, and had an average value of 7 cents until 1828, now sell for 54 cents per la. The duty on nails is 5 cents per la. If the duty is a tax the value of the nails is Only half a cent per la. The British islands now get their supplies of our hour from England or the danish or �000. We have exported 100,000 barrels of flour More to the West indies when those j Orts were shut than when they were opened�?1821 compared with 1825. Tiuch the largest amount that we Ever had exported in one year. The average of 1816 to 1822, inclusive was less than 110 millions of pounds a year. 4l5ut in the last year we exported 265 millions of pounds of Cotton valued at .$20,575, and Ile stuffs used for he Protection of Farmers and Plaa ers. As before Obser Edv a heartily a it Rve of these a ties so far As. They Albect articles produced by us in reasonable quantities but the cities on very coarse and very Fine wools and indigo a. E a direct tendency to tax Consumers of the cloths made out of or d de with these materials. I he Farmers have had a Large and Ance in tiie Price of their Wool and we Are glad of it we As much wish an Advance in the value of Cotton. A great Rise in the Price of flannels was predicted a but Avith two to Rifle heaped upon them to increase the Price such As sold for 23 cents in 1823, will hair Fly bring that sum even now. Last year these goods were at 17 ends on y. This show s that the Tariff Quot has no effect on their Price. Wool was cheap in 1828- 9, and is now More , and so Are flannels. Is Ich Wool As sold Abr 18 cents last Yeti is Worth 30. Manufactures of Cotton. Toliese May be said to have fallen fifty per cent in Price since the Protection of the Domestic manufacture of them a that is fifty ends will Purchase As much Cotton cloths shirting sheeting Cali Coes plaids stripes and All the common articles for men and women s Wear As one Hundred would do before our Tariff Laws were enacted to encourage the Domestic Industry and consume tie Domestic material. Whole ship loads of East India Cott. >11 goods were imported i Ito the United states we now Export american Cotton go Els to the East indies it is Rea i in admitted though our opponents will admit nothing that a Large part of this reduced Price is caused by improved machinery but the fact is no less True that coarse Cotton goods Are cheaper at Providence in Ali ale stand than at Manchester in England. We speak understandingly and the proof is at hand that ii Jii gland they have counterfeited our Maiks to sell their goods it ours in South America. We have seen Twenty Spe i Nicks of plus Trik. The poor Cotton of Surat was worked to imitate the Strong Upland Cotton of South-Carolina., &c., thus to injure both our planters and Manu Faatiu ers but such frauds have generally been soon discovered in the super if r i a pity of our goods. Or. Raguet has spoken of the tax on these goods. We will assure him the payment of 100,000 a Yeii Bonus if he shall obtain us the Liberty to Export them free of duty to England for five years half a Mil lion of dollars by Way of purchasing his Quot free u Vve have friends who Are Fortis speculation a As tilings Are at present. J lie duty on such goods is 8f cents a Square Yard the Cotton in them costs 2i Penis together 11 we buy them at 8 cents the s Juare Yard then if the dirty be a , the not Only i. Is Liis labor for Noah aug but pays a Premium of cents on every Yail tha tie people arc la id o has the demand and Rahie been Nul Good swedish West indies carried in British vessels. By the Tariff it is difficult to resolve what is 1 every Yail Tea Rue Peone Are Luaa the for though England will not permit an Aine meant by the oppressions of the South a. J Tough to Purchase of him such is thei Ca Quot rican vessel to proceed from Baltimore to a i what it has to complain of because of tile pro j a four big of the free i Ade Plisio Sopher Maica she will allow such to carry flour to Liverpool and Pat it into Bond whence it ii a be sent in an English vessel to Jamaica a thou paying the British consumption duty it is Tylius that j a in Jill nurses his navigation. Gress of manufactures. A duty of nearly 10 millions is levied in England on so much of our tobacco As costs about one million. The meekness with which the planters of Virginia submit to this has always excited our curiosity. The Price of Cott a is too Low by he Domestic but that must Reg Pilate itself. The Foi towing a a to a Tatei Zient May show the Power of Protection to

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