Page 1 of 20 Oct 1830 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana

See the full image with a free trial.

Start for Free

Read an issue on 20 Oct 1830 in Indianapolis, Indiana and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The Indianapolis Indiana Journal.

Browse Indianapolis Indiana Journal
  • indianapolis-indiana-journal page 1 Press tab to continue slide or press d key to skip
    Page 1
  • indianapolis-indiana-journal page 2 Press tab to continue slide or press d key to skip
    Page 2
  • indianapolis-indiana-journal page 3 Press tab to continue slide or press d key to skip
    Page 3
  • indianapolis-indiana-journal page 4 Press tab to continue slide or press d key to skip
    Page 4

How to Find What You Are Looking for on This Page

We use Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to make the text on a newspaper image searchable. Below is the OCR data for 20 Oct 1830 Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana. Because of the nature of the OCR technology, sometimes the language can appear to be nonsensical. The best way to see what’s on the page is to view the newspaper page.

Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - October 20, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana In dial a journal. Vol. , wednesday october 20, 1830 no. 391. Published by Douglass amp . Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual of gov. Cass delivered before the alumni of Hamilton College at the commencement. we direct our attention from the political to the social institutions of Nna kind we shall find that the Progress of information has produced and is producing changes not less important than these we have surveyed. The improvement of the arts and especially those which minister to the wants and comforts of Mankind has surpassed All former experience it is difficult to gather from the materials which have survived the ravages of time precise notions of the condition of the great mass of the people in former Ages. The line arts particularly those of architecture of painting and of sculpture were cherished and cultivated with Zeal and that desolation which spared neither the mighty in its Power nor the Lovely in its pity has yet left is a few memorials of ancient table and Genius in this department of study and they fully justify the enthusiasm with which they were viewed in the Days of their youth and glory. The labor and treasure of so duty seem to Hare been applied with unsparing prodigality to the creation of Public monuments devoted to objects of Pride or pleasure. Splendid edifices lofty columns pyramids As solitary in their grandeur As they were useless in their construction these and Many More like these Wert contributions levied upon the general Means of society. The boast of Augustus that he had found Rome of Brick and should leave it of Marble was the boast of a tyrant and not of a Patriot. His Marble City was a City of temples and palaces and of useful and useless Public edifices erected is a Monument for hims of with Tufit cold hearted 8elfi�hne �8 which acct tips Nind him through life. How much More Noble and generous the wish of Henry the fourth that every peasant lit i kingdom might have a fowl in his pot on sunday Aumi stus left Rome of its citizens As be flu red it and Chr Iaci which has been recorded that a Large portion of the population had neither r food by Day nor shelter by nig it except As Public Charity supplied thet be and the places of Public resort furnished the other present a terrible picture of poverty and misery. The monuments of Egypt so stupendous but so useless confirm the remark of the father of history that there were but two classes in that country priests and people and that an a Clit and powerful Hierarchy controlled the resources and physical strength of the nation it is differ ult to conceive that the necessary expenditures of labor and treasure for the construction of Suth immense and useless works could have been made hut by the intervention of a Power without limitation As it must have been made without sympathy a Power which made the comm Ithily slaves and which embellished the country with temples and Monument but left it destitute of dwellings for its inhabitants. Bot forever temples says the Lively Devon not a single Public edifice not a sing a House nor a Royal Palace which had been Able to resist the ravages of time we cannot look around us within the Interior of our dwellings nor without and not be sensible of the improvement which has taken place in every Branch of the useful arts in those i which produce in those which prepare and in those which distribute the comforts of life. I 9h<�uld far exceed the limits i have had in View for my own time and your indulgence were i to attempt to present in the most imperfect group these witnesses of modern superiority. But there Are Flome which in the relations they Bear to the general advancement of science and society seem to claim a passing recognition. That mysterious Law which gives polarity to the Needle was fortunately discovered while a spirit of maritime Enterprise was attempting to pass the geographical barriers which from the creation had concealed one half of the world from the other. The ancient navigator crept slowly along the coast afraid to lose eight of the landmarks which could alone guide him a upon his course and when he was compelled to abandon these his Fate was committed to the winds and the Clouds. The modern navigator boldly week al the Ocean and when the night and the storm close around him his path is marked out Vonde fully in deed but easily and unerringly. The Shore was the safety of the one it has become the dread of the other. No Palin urus like him of old now stands at the Helm to watch the stars and when they Are shrouded from his View to confess Bis ignorance and despair. A better Star than Orion or Arcturus now shines upon those who go Down to the great deep a ships. The application of Glass to gome of the objects of science has brought within the sphere of human observation works of nature the most Remote a8 Well As those the most minute. Its Agency in the renovation of our decaying sight is not less valuable preserving for us until the extremity of life that Intercourse with books which is a principal Solace of advancing age. To him who ignorant of the discoveries of modern astronomers surveys the heavens which encompass us the stars that deck the firmament seem placed there to give brilliancy and splendor to the night to Roll Over us in endless confusion but in endless Beauty. How different is the View which the theory of astronomy presents. The seeming confusion of these splendid orbs becomes perfect Harmony their motions Are traced the Laws that regulate them developed and those composing a part of our solar system Are found to be Kindred planets with the Earth running the same course and probably destined to the same service while those beyond Are themselves suns and centres of other systems having other heavens within their View whose Astral Light has never reached us and never May. There is nothing within the whole Range of human imagination which so forcibly impresses upon us Juit conceptions of the infinite Power of him who made and preserves and May de stroy these works of his hands perhaps for purposes unknown to us and to be replaced by others As these May have succeeded a More ancient creation. The Telescope has drawn these worlds towards us. It has shown that Points of matter Many of them scarcely visible to the naked Eye Are among the most stupendous works of Providence while a Kindred instrument has revealed to us a world of animated brings near us indeed and around us but utterly unknown till the invention of the Microscope. Where these discoveries Are to end no Man can Tell. Already we have passed the boundaries prescribed to unassisted nature and brought the greatest and the smallest the nearest and the Roost Remote of god s works within our View. We May yet ascertain that Many portions of matter apparently inanimate Are Congeris of living beings perform ing the functions assigned to Vliem and each Eft Joying his allotted share of happiness. But the mind withdraws eign and Domestic foes. But he knew also that the Duke of Orleans would make a Quot rept lican Quot King and at the same time not endanger the Public Tranquility. The magnanimous Lafayette then did not hesitate so give the Duke his support without which he never could have reigned. This i gather not from newspapers but from the state of the Public mind expressed in innumerable ways and particularly when the people came so near stopping the deliberations of the chamber of deputies the other Day and when nobody could Calm them but Lafayette. People now cry about the Street medals of Quot Lafayette Pere Des Frank Ais Quot father of the French retrogression of Niagara Falls. It has been a much disputed Point whether the celebrated Cataract in a former age was at Queenston Heights. The opinions we now cite on the question Are from Lyell s Quot principles of geology Quot lately published. The Falls of Niagara afford a magnificent example of the progressive excavation of a deep Valley in solid Rock. That River flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario the former being 3301 feet above the latter and the distance Between them being 32 Miles. On flowing out of the upper Lake the River is almost on a level with its Banks so that if it should Rise perpendicularly eight or ten Tiet it would Lay under wafer the adjacent Flat court try of upper Canada of the West and the slate of new York on the East. The River a there it issues is about three quarters of a mile in Width. Before reaching the Falls it is propelled with great rapidity being a mile Broad a bout Twenty five feet deep and having a descent of fifty feet in half a after this immense body of water has been precipitated Over a precipice of 160 feet Quot the bed of the River below the Falls is strewed Over with huge fragments which have been hurled Down into the abyss. By the continual destruction of the rocks the Falls have within the last forty years receded nearly fifty Yards or in other words the Ravine has been prolonged to that extent. Through this deep chasm the Niagara flows for about seven Miles and then the table land which is almost on a level with Lake Erie suddenly sinks Down it a Pirce called Queenstown and the River emerges from the Ravine into a Plain which continues to the shores of Lake Ontario. There seems Good reason for the general opinion that the Falls were once at Queenstown and that they have gradually retrograde from that place to their present position a but seven Miles Distant. If the Fitio of recession had never exceeded fifty Yards in forty years it must have required 10,000 years for the excavation of the whole Ravine but no Proba from these speculations overpowered a offered As to the by heir immensity and infinitude and consumed in seeks reef in the contemplation or operation because the Retro other movement May have been much Lafayette. More rapid when the extract of a h tier from Paris dated Aag. To confined within up coding a fourth or a titty which the Falls now occupy. To the Pillor of the Boston Sentinel. Quot Gen. Lafavette can now be ranked with Washington without exaggeration. His late conduct has capped the Climax of his Gilt try. Few people at present realize the degree to which he is entitled to our admiration. We be current a space not sex a fifth of that should the erosive action not be accelerated in future it will require upwards of 30,000 years for the Falls to reach Erie Twenty five Miles Distant to which Tivey seem destined to a when on the first Days of the contest rive in the course of time unless some i was told that he had come to Paris earthquake changes the relative Levels from Lagrange to accept the danger of the District. Should Lake Erie re Ous Post of Leader of the armed peo-1 health and does not appear to be More than 50. His temperate habits and practice of Early rising Are too Well known to need any further mention. Felix King of Sardinia is of the same age As our own Monarch and enjoys Good health. Bernadotte King of Sweden is 66, and has recently had a severe illness but is a Strong and healthy Man. Frederick i. Of Denmark 62 years old is a very healthy Man. Frederick William iii. King of Prussia in his 90th year possesses a tolerable Good share of health and bids fair to live to a Good old age. The Kir g of the Netherlands William 1. Is 58 he has the appearance of a weather beaten Soldier As he is and although subject to chronic complaints is robust. Francis emperor of Austria is 52, and healthy. His affability and condescension in listening to the complaints of the meanest of his subjects and redressing their grievances has rendered him the most popular Sovereign in Europe. Francis King of Naples is 51, and gouty. His character is quite the reverse of his name Sake of Austria. Mahmoud ii. Sultan of Turkey is 46, and possessed of i great vigor of body and mind. The turks however grow old premature maturely and Mahmoud May be therefore reckoned As 60 years old at least. His countenance and his Eye Are particularly striking and impressive and he is naturally a very Superior Marr having alone been the Means of causing extraordinary changes in the turkish system. Ferdinand vol. Of Spain is 45 years old and a Long been a prey to diseases. He has the gout constantly and is quite incapable a Fany Active exertion be has How Ever married his third Queen. His character is said to an unfavourable specimen of the Bourbon race. Louis King of Bavaria is in i 45lh year and has suffered from Indus Getice and has but late recovered from a Long illness though his gallantry has been excessive his merits As a Sovereign and As a mat of letters Are acknowledged to be very High and he has been perhaps justly styled the most enlightened Kiing in Europe. He passed Many years in study Atid his mind is of h Large and Liberal cast. The publication of a volume of poems has recently obtained him much Fame As an author in addition to that derived from the Wisdom of his government and the longer he reigns the better for his country. Nicholas i. Emperor of Russia is 34, tall and hand some in appearance Hardy and Active and accustomed to laborious exertion. A few months since he had a very dangerous illness from which he has now quite recovered. He is considered a very ambitious Monarch and enlargement of territory appears to be his ruling passion. The youngest and Only female Sovereign its Donna Maria de Gloria the legitimate Queen of Portugal Don Miguel not hav Rig been yet recognised who is in her 13th year. She promises to he very Beautiful but her health is delicate and she is so lame As to be obliged to use crutches. She is now at Rio Janeiro with her father the emperor of Brazil. From the above statements it will appear that most of the european sovereigns have arrived at a advanced period of life and a few years will probably bring about Many changes. Conclusion that under the circumstances in which France is placed it would be proper to rally All opinions or the various parties under the safeguard of a constitutional throne with popular institutions. We have chosen the Duke of Orleans whom i esteem More and More As i know him better. The chamber of deputies has acted As the Organ or interpreter of the French people in laying Down conditions and offering him a Crown for which he acknowledges himself indebted to the will of the nation. Such then is our situation and fifteen Days have note lapsed since the ordinances appeared i Send you the Short speech which i delivered yesterday. I shall continue to hold the command of the National guards of France who Are organized in every direction. My son George is with me. Levasseur received a dangerous wound and his life was despaired of three Days ago but he is better. Adieu a thousand Friendly foreign news. Pie i could hardly credit the news. Who could then have divined the Issue and had it not proved Success Ful think of the terrible consequences to the old Veteran. To escape to a Merica with his life was the utmost he could have hoped in such an event. But he not Only accepted the command but did not fear to appear on horseback in military dress in various parts of Paris in prosecution of his arduous undertaking. But his fearless Devotion to the cause of Liberty constitutes the smallest part of his claim to Wiur admiration. It is his magnanimity his wonderful disinterestedness and the purity of his patriotism that rank him with Washington. It must be recollected that he is an avowed Republican that he always desired a Republic for France. And yet the new King Philip i. Is indebted to him personally for his Crown. Yes i am confident of this extraordinary fact. It is now generally known that a Republic would certainly have been established of which Lafayette might have been the head bad it not been for his Noble and disinterested preference of his country to himself. But he reflected that a Republic at this crisis would be at the risk of foreign or civil War or both. He was not afraid of either. He knew that he and the people could maintain a Republic against both for main in its present state until the period when the Ravine recedes to its shores the sudden escape of that great Ris August the 8th. General find in the Philadelphia pay jars the following translation of a letter from this private Veteran to or. Deponceau of Philadelphia. It is dated a body of water would cause a tremendous deluge for the Ravine would be much More than sufficient to Drain the whole Lake of which the average depth was found during the late Survey to be Only ten or twelve fathoms. But in consequence of its shallowness. Lake Erie is fast filling up with Sidi ment and the annual growth of the deltas of Many Rivers and torrents which flow into it is Ages and other particulars of the european sovereigns. The following statement the authenticity of which May be relied on will no doubt prove interesting to our readers at the present time As Slewing the Proba bitty of life of the join Cipal sovereigns of Europe and the length of their reign a the oldest Sovereign is Charlo x. Of France who is 73 years of age tall in person and very Hale it is Waii he Hunts and rides constantly and is r in Public. The Pope Pius Vii 98, about the same age As Bis late Jesty and in tolerable vigor Church is usually considered i avoidable to longevity. The next a our own gracious Sovereign William in. Vrho is 65, and has Long been troubled with an asthmatic complaint. He Rajat present however in tolerable god Chis a rhe a Vve have just accomplished my dear fellow Soldier a wonderful revolution. I received at Lagrange on tuesday morning the 27 the ult. The ordinances of Charles x. Declaring us to be in a state of slavery. On the same evening i repaired to Paris where i found a salutary fermentation. In a three Days conflict the people of Paris have vanquished the Royal guards the Swiss and the body guard the tri coloured Flag floats every where and on the morning of the 3l8t i Felt warranted to write to Charles x. A note stating to him my opinion which he had asked through general Talon a that a recon citation was impossible and that pc a Xvi a family had ceased to reign Quot the parisians manifested a degree of courage intelligence disinterestedness and generosity surpassing All that you can conceive. Not a sir go it royalist not a woman was insulted. The people fought Only those we Tfir de at them with Cannon and Busquet by. The vanquished Esperie Iudici the most generous humanity. The regiments of the line submitted such Asnive by to the Public will. Much blood was shed but the people have triumphed with admirable despatch Sanci and bravery. We came to the by the Brig Hudson capt. Lord arrived at Boston London papers to aug. 18th Are received containing Paris drives to the 15th. Tbs u. Slates Sloop of War Concord sailed from Copenhagen 8th August for St. Petersburg having on Board or. Randolph minister to Russia. Private Leuers from Bay Otto according to Paris papers of the 15th, an of ounce in the most positive manner Chii the country from St. Sabastian to Sang a was in full insurrection la i Gen. Mina passed through Bordeaux on the split and l and entered spa iii at the head of 5000 men. It a mind St Vii thai the ambassadors in the Prit Cip in Europi re courts at Paris had not recognized the government of Ihor it Evv King. The French Peers whose titles had bet n Suji pressed by the new government had formally protested against that act. The committee appointed by the French chamber of deputies on the motion by Salverta for the impeachment of the ministry of Charles x. A messes. Dannon Berrenger Saniar tin. Moier de Manteau. Pelet de la in pc re l Pelletier. D aunty Bartia de v Lux mfg Guin Salvorte. Tie was kiting Charles lord info Rois that the ships great Britain and Charles Carroll having on Board the sex King Charles x. And his followers arrived at the Isle of Wight on the evening of the 17lh of August and that his majesty William in. Happened to be there at the time. It appears that he travelled very slowly to Cherbourg and that the people All along the Road had manifested great curiosity to see this relict of fallen greatness. To agents of the existing government had used great precaution to protect him from popular violence and insult. The Nati Imal guards were kept out of sight As far As practicable. In consequence of this the King and his followers were treated with the More respect. It is said that this had the effect to encourage the King that the people were favourable to his cause and that there might yet occur some popular movement in his favor. Among i followers Are Ragusa who is stigma ii d As a traitor in the French papers i us sol the Duke of Luxembourg and others of the same cast. It is said that the King receives despatches Dai. By from the ambassadors of other pow. Ers resident at Paris that his followers still talk arrogantly and say that they will return again with the allies. The London times of the 18th of August states that orders bad been received at the custom House Portsmouth to suffer All articles landed for Charles x. To pass without a Lamina Tion. It was supposed that he would go and remain a few Days in England and embark thence for Naples and some thought for Palermo. A private letter of August 12, on ounces that on a report being spread of Charles x. Having the intention to entrench himself in the Peninsula of Coteil Tion a position from whence the whole country could be inundated the National guard of Cherbourg immediately marched to compel the Ekcert of the sex King to leave him at the Ponts de Douvres the Bridges of Dover messages private correspondence of the London t Irnes. Pahis aug. 14. It appears from the communications of those behind the scenes that the elements of discord Are More Active and extensive than one might suppose Fryni leading the Public hed accounts although the actual mischief arising out of it May not be very Immy Diatz i

Search All Newspapers in Indianapolis, Indiana

Advanced Search

Search Courier

Search the Indianapolis Indiana Journal Today with a Free Trial

We want people to find what they are looking for at NewspaperArchive. We are confident that we have the newspapers that will increase the value of your family history or other historical research. With our 7-day free trial, you can view the documents you find for free.

Not Finding What You Were Looking for on This Page of The Indianapolis Indiana Journal?

People find the most success using advanced search. Try plugging in keywords, names, dates, and locations, and get matched with results from the entire collection of newspapers at NewspaperArchive!

Looking Courier

Browse Newspapers

You can also successfully find newspapers by these browse options. Explore our archives on your own!

By Location

By Location

Browse by location and discover newspapers from all across the world.

Browse by Location
By Date

By Date

Browse by date and find publications for a specific day or era.

Browse by Date
By Publication

By Publication

Browse old newspaper publications to find specific newspapers.

Browse by Publication
By Collection

By Collection

Browse our newspaper collections to learn about historical topics.

Browse by Collection