Page 2 of 26 May 1830 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - May 26, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana On this occasion in compliment to his distinguished guest the splendid proprietor arrayed his numerous domestics in the most expensive dress and presented a scene of magnificence and taste scarce equalled but in tie fairy dreams of the arabian Xvi gets entertainment Many individuals distinguished by science and taste were also invited to partake of the luxuries and delights of Afi entertainment the inst Superb As j in tired to the writer by one of its most distinguished ornaments the venerable and truly meritorious president West who amongst Many others assembled to meet the Gallant Warrior became himself by an accidental circumstance one of the chief sources of interest to the party. The company had not risen from the desert on the first Day when his lordship who sat next to West said to him Quot much As i respect your great talents my pursuits in life have been such As to Render me incapable of appreciate ing the merits of works of Art yet i Triever pass a print shop in which i see the print from your picture of the death of a Pederal Wolf that my attention is not immediately arrested amp senti ments of almost envy created in my bosom at the glorious death of that great Man. Or. West would naturally feel pleased at such a compliment and from such a Quarter and immediately replied Quot if Ever it should be the misfortune of the country to lose your Lite ship s great services which from your adventurous life is not impossible although it shall be my constant prayer to Avert such a calamity it shall be As far As my Humble abilities extend a religious duty with me to perpetuate your great name and Gallant Nelson for a moment paused As if some sudden impression had come across his mind and then taking West s hand in one of his own with the other he filled both their glasses to the brim which being mutually drank he emphatically said i West remember your Promise Quot Here the conversation became general and the party were about leaving the table when a servant entered and announced that a despatch had just arrived from the admiralty. This was an order for lord Nelson to join the Channel Fleet without the smallest delay. Immediately All was confusion. Instant orders were Given for the carriages to be brought to the great Entrance and in less than an hour his lordship was seated bidding Adieu and shaking bands with his Host and friends who had All followed him to take a last Farewell. The Postillione were just starting when he called to or. Vest again to give him his hand and his last words were Quot Vest remember your the to at the of Trafalgar was fought and Nelson died like Wolf the death of a hero in the arms of Victory. How Well or. West has kept his Promise his file painting of his lordship s death and the stupendous monumental piece of sculpture erected to his memory in one of the courts of Greenwich Hospital will amply testify. This last work was executed by or. West s own hand and at Liis own expense. Co ii Les Siena. In Senate of the United states Mav 5, 183�o. Or. Hendricks made the Fol Loving report the committee on roads and canals to whom were referred a Resolution of Ibe Senate and a memorial of Many citizens of Allen county in the state of Indiana asking a donation of land Tor the construction of a Road from Lawrenceburg by Way of fort Wayne to the Southern Bend of the St. Joseph s of Lake Michigan report that they have duly considered the subject and Are of opinion that the objects in View Are of sufficient magnitude to demand the Aid of the Gene al government and More especially As the lands on the line of the Road chiefly belong to the United states a glance at the map of the country will show that a Road of great importance must at no Distant Day be constructed in that Quarter to unite the Mineral regions of the Mississippi with the state of Ohio and the More Eastern states. The growing importance of the Mineral country and the territory a a of template West of the Lake has designated this As one of the most important roads in the Northwestern por Tion of the Union. That portion of it West of fort Wayne will be on the line of the nearest possible route from the Eastern cities to the Lead mines a route which must be travelled in the Winter season in preference of that through the Northern Rivers and lakes. This route has already attracted the attention of some portions of the Atlantic Seaboard and its importance must become More and More apparent. Its advantages Over any other route in Point of distance from any Given Point East of the Ohio River is great and Lawrenceburg to fort Wayne the whole distance is about 140 Miles the Road passes through the Valley of the while water 60 or 70 Miles a highly cultivated and Fertile country. The residue is very thinly settled the inferior Quality. It is however a country which has Adan. Tages that must induce settlement. This Road Hunting the Ohio River and the White water with the Highlands of the Wabash the Maumee and the Elkhart is destined to be one of great Utility. The country just named will always be engaged in a Busy Commerce with the Ohio River. From fort Wayne to the Southern Bend of the St., Joseph s 80 Miles thence to Chicago 90 Miles the lands with the exception of the country immediately around fort Wayne Are not yet in Market. In the Elkhart and St. Joseph s country there is already a num it Erous population and this Road is much wanted for the purpose of emigration. The route has heretofore been by Way of Detroit and the Chicago Road from that place or by water through the Straits of Mackinack the lakes and up the St. Joseph s. The committee propose to Grant a Quantity of land equal to one Section for every mile of the Road to be located in alternate Legal subdivisions under the direction of the commissioner of the general land office. The committee Are fully aware of the importance of extending this Road to the mines on the Mississippi but the territory West of the Lake not yet being formed and the lands West of Chicago not prepared for Market it is not proposed to go beyond the Indiana state line at the present time. Through districts like these where the government own the Public lands it is believed that to disposition of a Small portion of them More judicious can be made than in Grants for the construction of roads. The country is thereby opened to settlement and Sale the lands Are increased in value emigration is encouraged More of the Public lands become individual property and More Money is brought into the Public Treasury. The history of All Grants in every portion of the country justifies this policy As Wise and judicious advancing alike the local interests and that of the government at Large. Donations thus Given operate in favor of the Treasury and not to its prejudice for the increased value of lands contiguous to such Grant will More than compensate for the Grant itself. In support of this opinion the Road from Sandusky to them Aini May be cited As authority that Road passing through the Black Swanny. A District of country almost inac Ces Ihle has been constructed Quot in the most durable manner Quot by the proceeds of the sections of land on each Side of and Ron Egunus to the Road a ratted to the state of Ohio by act of 1 823, and leaving a considerable surplus after the completion of the work. Tie location too of the Road from Detroit to Chicago it ii believed will also us it Tain this opinion. On the line o the it Road although no appropriation of either land or Money was pro Viou by Given for the construction of tie Road yet such was the effect of the location upon the a sales of Public lands that individuals followed to e com Iii Inners with the View of purchasing the lands upon the line As soon As the location a hould be certainly known i til the interference of the general land office in stopping the private sales put a Stop to the speculation and gave al Public Sale to the government the advantages of the location. Valuable information has been received from an intelligent gentleman Well acquainted with the country whose letter Accord ibanies this report. The committee induced by the foregoing considerations report a Bill. And Prairie its exuberant Fer Lilily Fine and healthful climate and great and Vintage for commercial business conspire to Render the opening of the proposed Road a measure of Benefit to the people of the West. In the Winter season Vav Hen thei Akes and Rivers of the North Are Frozen Over this Road will be the Avenue by which a Large proportion of travellers from the South and East will find their Way to the great mining Region of the Northwest situated beyond Lake Michigan and Between the Mississippi and Lake Superior. During the summer of 1828, i ascended and descended the River St. Joseph several times from the Point where the proposed Road will strike it to Lake Michigan during All the various stages of the water. The property landed from the Lake vessels at the Mouth of the River is transported up the Stream in Baileau like those generally used in the Northwest fur Trade carrying from six to ten tons. The water from the Lake to a tributary called la Marais by the voyageurs a distance of fifteen Miles is from five to ten feet deep with a slow current. Above that Point As far As the Southern Bend at least the navigation is at present interrupted by frequent Shoals and rapids which May be removed at a Small expense. It is the opinion of gentlemen who understand such matters that the St. Joseph can easily be rendered navigable for steam boats of Light tonnage for a distance of about one Hundred Miles from the Lake following the sinus Sites of the Stream. A View of the different routes by which the mining country is accessible will at once show the importance of this Road. There Are now two thoroughfares the one by the Way of St. Louis diverging far South and that by Detroit far North of a direct course. A Middle route therefore by the Road now proposed would greatly facilitate the Intercourse Between that country and the states. The produce of land in that Region has already created a Busy Commerce and the Beds of Copper which have recently been developed and which Are supposed to be inexhaustible will Render a rapid and certain Intercourse with the commercial towns of the utmost importance to them As Well As to the people of the mining District. Taking Buffalo in the state of new York for the starting Point and there Are the following distances the passage tidy available when the lakes and Rivers Are free of ice. From Buffalo to Detroit Lake and River navigation 300 to Mickinac Lake and River 320 to Green Bay Lake and River 180 to fort Winnebago at Portage of oui Consin through Fox River and the Rice lakes 200 to the nearest diggings by land go 1060 take Pittsburgh a. For the starting Point there is by the Detroit route a from Pittsburgh to Erie by land 120 to Detroit through Lake Erie and the Strait or River 230 to Mackinac through the Straits and Lake Huron 320 to Green Bay through Lake Michigan 180 to fort Winnebago through Fox River and the lakes 200 to the Lead mines nearest diggings go 1110 from Pittsburgh to the Lead mines by the Way of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers is to the Mouth of the Ohio 1180 to St. Louis up the miss 180 to Galena up the miss 500 Washington March 17, 1830. Sir in reference to to to c important measure of a Road from Columbus in the stale of Olio by the Way of fort Wayne in the state of Indiana to the Southern Bend of the River St. Joseph of Lake Michigan i submit the following summary views promising that the statements As to distances Are in round numbs but will not vary far from accurate a measurement. The opening of this Road will contribute greatly to the convenience of the emigrants who Are now so rapidly pouring into the St. Joseph country from the Middle and Southern Stales. During the months of july August and september last More than four Hundred families from Virginia and the Carolinas have traversed the wilderness and located themselves on the Elkhart Pokagon and other Fine Prairies in the Vicinity while the emigrants from the East have perhaps been equally numerous through the lakes and the Detroit and Chicago Road. The rapid influx of population will necessarily continue for some time because the country on the St. Joseph and its tributary streams embracing a District of about one Hundred Miles Square is probably the richest Grain country Iri the world. Its Beautiful natural variegation of timbered Laud 1860 but the proposed route by the Way of Columbus and fort Wayne would exhibit the following distances from Pittsburgh to Columbus by land 170 to fort Wayne by land 150 to Coquillard s trading House South Bend of St. Joseph by land 80 to Lake Michigan through the River St. Joseph 70 to Green Bay through Lake Michigan 220 to fort Winnebago 200 to the nearest diggings 60 950 the last calculation is intended for summer travelling the following for the Winter which is the Only route that is available during a portion of the year. From Pittsburgh to Columbus land 170 to fort Wayne land 150 to Coquillard s trading House land 80 to Chicago by the Detroit and Chicago Road 90 to the nearest diggings land 125 615 it should be borne in mind that All the avenues by water to the mining Region Are shut up during the Winter months. It is evident therefore that although the transportation of the heavy produce of country and the supplies for the use of the miners will continue through the Mississippi and the lakes of the North still the opening of a communication through the proposed route will contribute greatly to the convenience of our citizens who have business in that Quarter by providing a mail and stage route which will be available through the whole year. The termination of this proposed Road at the Southern Bend of the River St. Joseph will unite with that of the Michigan Road from Indianapolis to the same Point and will be within six Miles in a direct line from the crossing of the great rond from Detroit to Chicago in the state of Illinois. I have no doubt that in five years time and in fact the experience we have had of improvement in that Quarter Woi ild justify me in naming a much Shorter period a daily line of stages carrying the United slates mail from the capital towns of Ohio Indiana Illinois and Michigan will concentrate at Chicago on the great route to the Mineral country. And a View of the map with a knowledge of the population and business of the different sections of that country will convince any one that the proposed Road by Columbus and fort Wayne will be the thoroughfare for a Large portion of those citizens who have business at the mines. The journeys of the people of tie mining country to the commercial and manufacturing cities to Lay in the r annual supplies will be made generally in the Winter season when the cold has suspended their operations. At this time also they find the lakes and Rivers locked up by the ice and Willious this medium of communication they Are Cut off from an Intercourse which is of the highest importance to them or compelled to encounter All the difficulties and dangers of travelling in the wilderness. Should the general government make provision fora Road in the direction proposed besides the great convenience afforded to individuals it would be amply reimbursed by the accelerated Sale of land through an extensive and valuable country which is now almost exclusively in ils own pus session. I have the Honor to be. Sir very respectfully Yourth t so rat e. Reed. Hon. We. Hendricks of the committee on roads and canals Senate u. S. The Hill accompanying this report is received and will be published hereafter Washington cite March 3. Hon. Martin Van bitten Secretary of state. Quot sir a i have recently been much surprised upon the reception of a letter from one of my constituents informing me that without knowing Why or wherefore the printing of the Laws of the United states have been taken from him and bestow d upon another. I am. Sir the representative of the Section of country most deeply interested in the matter and therefore feel myself authorised to Siiter my protest against the manner in which your authority has been exorcised. I am not inclined to take Pari in discussing the relative merits of the individual removed and the gentleman appointed to succeed him. No sir i should Blush to find myself drawing distinctions upon Mere party grounds. If i do so 1 should be compelled to approve your Choice. The editor upon whom you have conferred the Trust has been uniformly my Friend to him i acknowledge myself under Many political obligations. But to witness so Uncertain a state of the Infra o is calculated to weaken the Confidence of the citizens in his government or the consistency of those who administer it. Quot for corruption and crime or for either an officer should be removed. But sir is the doctrine to be established that for either a former or an anticipated difference of opinion a Man is to a proscribed ? if so the Triumph of virtue is wholly doubtful and the Range of favouritism May be made As wide As the universe. Quot sir i had supposed that before you would make material changes in my District you would according to custom condescend to consult me i surely have More opportunities of understanding the interests of the people of the Western District in Tennessee than yourself i Hope that i am sufficiently devoted to these interests not to misrepresent them. Quot you have removed a Man who was the first editor of a newspaper within that District and a warm Friend to the present chief magistrate and appointed one who had Junior claim. I am Friendly to each but i protect against such an unwarrantable interference. Quot i am sir with due consideration your obedient servant. David , j�my26, 18 30. Fire on Friday night last shortly after Midnight a fire broke out in the Kitchen attached to the dwelling House of or. Is Nicholas m Carty. It had made such Progress before it was discovered that it was impossible to Check the flames until the dwelling House was consumed. Most of the valuable articles in the House were saved but almost every thing in the Kitchen and cellar was destroyed. We have not heard the loss estimated but it was considerable. The fire is supposed to live been the result of Accident. We have been Peciu osted by or. Dunlap to state that in the fourth paragraph of his publication As it appeared in the last journal the idea intended to be conveyed May be tin sign do stood. In speaking of the admission of members he intended to say that Quot no individual was admitted excepting such As came Lender the letter of the Law who bad not attended a full course of medical lectures Practised a number of years and Given other evidence of capacity to of thet resident. From the National intelligencer of the 11th instant we collect the following additional information in regard to the action of the Senate upon the nominations of the president. The nomination of Amos Kendall to the Otico of fourth auditor of the Treasury was confirmed every member of the Senate being in his Lack the Senati being equally divided 24 to 24, and the vice president giving the casting vote in his favour. The nomination of i a. M. Noah to the office of Surveyor of the port of new York was Rejer a by a vote of 25 to 23. The nomination of Moses Dawson to the office of receiver of Public moneys at Cincinnati and of j. B. Gardiner to be Register of the land office at Tiffin in the same state were by Large majorities. Thus it appears that three out of our of this last Batch a Ere rejected and the fourth one saved by the casting vote of the vice president. The firmness and Independence of the Senate on this occasion and some others that preceded it most have a tendency to convince such men As those above mentioned that some outlier qualifications Are requisite in order to obtain highly responsible offices which require the concurrence of the Senate than a Talent for slander and defamation. In any other state of things than that which now prevails it May be doubted whether any of these gentlemen or Many others whose cases had been previously passed upon would have had the presumption to be applicants for the offices to which they were appointed. Certain it is that the two last named individuals could not under Ordinary Circum stasices have the Hardihood to apply for such offices Quot Ighile filled by honest and faithful men. One of them was some years ago expelled from the Ohio legislature on a charge of rib Ryin obtaining his seat and the other has been a resident of the United slates but a few years during which he has be. N incessantly employed in the character of an editor in vilifying and to reducing some of the Best men and purest patriots in the country. They had the Hardihood however under the present state of things to prefer their claims and although they succeeded with the president the Senate has permitted them to retire and resume their former vocations. Amos Kendall has indeed succeeded in obtaining a confirmation of his appointment. But when it is recollected that there is a considerable majority of administration men in the Senate and that he succeeded Only by the Casl ing vote of the vice president it must be allowed that he has received a severe rebuke for his past conduct. He has probably been saved by the Earnest entreaties of messes. Bibb and Ilov an. The legislature of Louisiana during the last session adopted resolutions in favour of the constitutionality and expediency of the Tariff. The vote in the Senate it is said was unanimous and in the Blouse of representatives there were sever dissent ends. Cumberland Road. We have been Jim omitted to make the following extract from a letter addressed to the superin. Pendents of the Cumberland Road by the Hon. John test dated Lith May 1830. Quot there can be no moral possibility of our failing to obtain the appropriation for the Cumberland Road in our state. The Senate have amended he Bill for obtaining estimates of surveys for roads and canals by attaching our appropriation in. It and the committee of ways and Means of our House have reported ii Monral by upon that amendment and it Only Waits the action of the House to confirm it. Quot a have no idea that there will be any opposition to it but we have been so engaged with the Tariff that we have not yet taken it no but there Are so Many inter isted in the general provisions of the Bill that there is no danger hut it u ill be taken up in time. We shall Quot adjourn i think about the 25th messes Douglass and Maguire in notifying the Public in your paper of the 12th that the proceedings published in the preceding paper As being those of the Central medical society were illegal i discharged Only what 1 believed Ray duty to other physicians and the Public required and in so doing was careful neither to assail the characters or motives of the gentlemen concerned some of whom Are respectable As men and a few have it is believed been regularly licensed to practice Medicine and even those circumstances which would go to Shew corrupt motive were concealed. And if an imposition was attempted on Tho Public Touhl not every one censure me As implicated if i did not expose it and from the interest i had taken in procuring the passage of a medical Law would i not justly be held culpable should i Wink at its violation when i Only was in po5se.5�ion of facts fully to make it known ? these observations i premise lost any should consider Ray previous publication As an attack on others and when Tho which their denial of my statement make it necessary to publish arc read i Trust the pal lie will be satisfied that my former Hubli cation was not dictated by any personal feel incs r resentment or ill will else those facts m Oum not then have Boon concealed. It was certainly unwise by violating its pro

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