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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - May 20, 1837, Indianapolis, Indiana A vol. , saturday May 20, 1837. No. 780. Published by Douglass amp Ivel. Terms.�?50 per annul in Advance for 52 tiumbers�?$3 of at 6 months�?$3 so at the end of the volume. No paper fill be discontinued unless at the option of the publishers until arrearage Are paid. Price Fob lines or less three insertions 00 for each additional Section 25 cents longer advertisements charged in proportion a Libe ral discount made to those who advertise the year. Chancery notices and petitions for divorce will be inserted the requisite number of times for $2 00 and to insure their publication the or Oney twi accompany the notices. Complaints of insolvency $3 00. All orders for advertising from a distance must be accompanied by the Money or they will not receive attention. The postage must be paid on All letters to the pub Fishers or they will not be taken out of the Post office Horning s vegetable ague syrup infallible remedy for fever and ague Fol he increased demand for this article has induced Al me to enter More exclusively into its preparation and i having made arrangements with Irvin Reed by which the distribution of it will be belter attended to a All orders addressed to or myself will be Des patched with prompt Ossi the following communications May be some evidence of its Utility where it is not otherwise known but a More satisfactory recommend Ilion can be had by giving it a trial. My object is not to puff it up for Sale Only but to relieve he suffering and since the above named disease prevails in our country of a considerable extent and in Many places where medical Aid cannot be conveniently obtained i am confident in offering this preparation As n Sovereign remedy that none of Ray medical Brethren will condemn it without Good cause. Extract of a letter dated Quincy hi., aug. 1836. Or. S. Nixon sir having sold the ague syrup left with us by your agent and from the Good Success which attended it pc Are induced to apply for More hoping you will Send us a Quantity on such term As to afford us a profit. I Hare used in my practice various remedies for the fever and Agne but found none so effectual to eradicate it a that prepared by you and from my own observation have come to the conclusion that it is a compound found by your experience destitute of All those deleterious medicines which predispose the system to a return of the disease Oon sequently feel an Assurance in its administration Seldom entertained in regard to the generality of ague remedies by scientific men. Please Forward As soon As possible several dozen of the article to the care of messes. Mcgill amp co., Saint Louis also state what you will take for the receipt. Yours amp a. Leni Wells amp co Strawtown ind., August 2d, 1836. Or. S. Nixon a please Send me a lot of your ague syrup by the bearer As i have sold out All which i had and i find there is a great demand for More. We have other preparations for the same complaint in the neighbourhood but none other than Quot Nixon a Quot will Trike. Don t fail to Send plenty of it. Yours respectfully j. L. Russey. Forsake by Mothershead Dawson amp co., Indiana. Indianapolis april 22, 1836. 776 late from Florida. More murder by straggling the 8th inst. The House of or. William Clemmons situated on the Road from Alligator to Levingston s ferry on the Suwannee about Twenty Miles from the latter place was attacked by indians. The inmates consisting of mrs. Clemmons and four Chi Oddren and a Little orphan lad living with or. Clemmons were murdered or Clemmons was from Home at the time this awful visitation was made upon family. He returned on the Lola inst. The second Day after the horrid transaction and the first intimation of the Ca Rumity that had be Nilen wife and Little ones was the desolate appearance of Home and then the bodies of wife and children fifty or More Yards from the House. They had been shot while attempting to escape As it would seem from the position in which the bodies Lay. They were a scalped. The children Weie shot in the head so near were the guns when discharged that the Heads of these unfortunate children were literally blown to pieces and to add to the horror of the sight and anguish of the bereaved husband and father the body of the youngest child a babe was almost devoured and the Arm of the Mother eater off by hogs what a scene was this what a duty a heart rending duty was there to be performed by the husband the father to collect the mutilated bodies of Wie and five children four of them own and place them in a Corn House till he could go eight Miles for assistance to Bury the dead breathes the Man with heart so cold As not to sympathize with the afflicted and Sui Ferine of East Florida Friend or More magnanimous enemy never devoted himself or expose himself to another. He is by nature a hero and an orator. It is one of my chief boasts that we love each other As Brothers and therefore i should have said of perhaps no More than that never has Man been More belied More misrepresented than Bailie Peyton a constituents know Jim and Are ready to Reward he can be re elected if he will family affairs require at Home As mine do me but in private or Public let be wherever he May when country needs a Patriot to defend her in Council or in arms against foreign or More dangerous Domestic foes be can always be ?. Websters speech. Speech delivered by Daniel Webster at Bio s a Saloon in my York on the \ 5th March 1837 one country one Constitution one tiny Quot Des notice. F ii he Copartnership a heretofore existing Between a the subscribers under the firm of under Bill Wood amp co. Was dissolved on th3 23d ult. By Mutual agreement. Rob t. R. John Wood. Jacob s. Willets. Indianapolis april 5th, 1837. The foundry business will be continued by the subscribers under the firm of under Bill amp willets by whom the business of the former firm will be settled and All whose notes and accounts Are due will Confer a Tavory paying up forthwith. Their office in future will be at the foundry where they offer for Sale a Large assortment of ploughs stoves saw Mill castings andirons Wagon boxes wheelbarrow boxes &c., &c., and Are prepared to furnish to order most kinds of castings wanted in the country. A constant Supply of ploughs stoves and various kinds of castings will be kept for Sale by Young amp Pottage at their hardware store Corner of Washington and Meridian streets on the same terms As at the foundry. Rob t. R. Underhill aprii8,-74-3m. Jacob s. Willets. Wanted United states paper Silver amp Gold. Hoosier paper will not be refused painful As it is to me i am compelled to resort to this method of informing the old friends and customers of Yandes a amp e. T. Porter and of the present establishment that we must have Money immediately. Having contracted debts both at Home and a Broad some of which Are already due and others will soon be due which cannot be discharged without Money therefore Hope you will come and help us without Viii notice will not apply to those who have paid u8 up regularly and punctually but to those who have failed to do so and whose accounts and notes have been due some length of time. It is also necessary that the books of Yandes and Porter should be closed without delay. Please Call and make settlements. The undersigned has on hand at. The old stand of Yandes and Porter a general assortment of Staple and Domestic dry goods dec. Hardware groceries and Queens Are and expects to receive a Large addition to the present Stock in a few Days direct from the Eastern cities which will be disposed of on As fail terms As any other House in the place. The goods having been selected with great care and designed expressly Forth ii Market be Hopes to be Able to suit All who want to Purchase Good goods and Good bargains. Aptil 1, 18 Edw. T. Porter. Or Abraham Vicker s celebrated rheumatic embrocation applied morning and night has cured hundreds. It trives Relief in the swelling of the glands of the Throat and relieves the numbness and contractions of the limbs and will take swellings Down and India nations out of the flesh rheumatism bruises and sprains. It fives immediate Relief it strengthens weak limbs and extends the cords when contracted. It is also an infallible cure for the following diseases in horses Viz poll evil fistula Swaney fears sprains old or recent sores of every description. By mixing from one third to one half a bottle in milk and molasses and Dren hug the horse with it will give immediate Relief in cases of Colic or Botts. To cure poll evil a bottle must be used at four applications four Days Between each application. For fistula a bottle must be put on at two applications one week Between. It applied in the first stages of disease one bottle will generally effect a cure. A commendations. Wauren Penn. Oct. 1825, to whom it May concerns i certify that for some years past i have been att listed Wuh rheumatism and Lumbago and having used Many kinds of Medicine without effect at last i purchased one bottle of Vicker s celebrated embrocation and by it was enabled to go about my House in one week s time without the least pain. I therefore feel it a duty 1 owe the suffering to make known the benefits 1 have <1prived from the use of that valuable Medicine. John Smith. Washington cite d. C., nov. 1836. This May certify that i have used or. Vickor s celebrated embrocation and have found it the Best rems. 1 have Ever made ase of for sprains or bruises and also for Colic and Botts in horses also tor in Anderson livery stable keeper Natchez miss. May 12, 1833. This 1� to certify that i have been afflicted with chronic rheumatism for ten years past and have used two h Tolu of or. A. Vicker s rheumatic embrocation which performed a Pekech Billerica. Sold House amp co. Indianapolis april 29,1837. 777 the party of engineers detailed for tiie Erie and Michigan canal services left Here on monday last to commence operations on that line. It is understood that they will proceed immediately to the Summit level and commence the location of the line from that Point towards Michigan City. A part of thit canal will be put under con race in August next. After the Wabash and Erie canal this is the most important improvement in contemplation to fort Wayne and indeed to All the North part of Indiana. When it is completed there can be no doubt Bui the whole commercial operations of the regions Bor Dering on Jake Michigan and the upper Mississippi will be transacted through this Channel instead of the Quot North a bout Quot course they now take through several Hundred Miles of difficult and dangerous Lake navigation. Fort Wayne Sentinel. A county without a . Warren county Illinois containing a population of7,000, with three or four thriving towns and twelve or fifteen More staked out and in Market has not a lawyer in it. It a not because the profession Are ignorant of the fact fur attorneys Are Altaj s among the first discoverers in i Western towns and especially county seats Bui from the almost total absence of litigation. or three lawyers have tried to live Here Quot said our informant Quot but they had to Clear greatness expected. The London morning Herald of a late Date says Quot almost All the members of the Bonaparte Fanpi ily says the Presse Are preparing to leave Europe and remove to the United states of America i consequence of the advice of certain sovereigns who had constantly Given them Marks of their Good will and of the greater part of their old friends in they have themselves fek that their remaining in countries where a degree of political agitation is constantly afloat will expose them to inconveniences and suspicion however prudent they May be and Lair events have convinced them that their Tranquility depends upon withdrawing. Orders have been Givi ii for the Sale of All the immense estates they possess in Italy and in a few months there will not be left in Europe any one of the family of Bonaparte except two females whose state of health disables them from bearing the fatigues of the voyage to great engine on the Winchester and Potomac rail Road the Quot Pocahontas Quot performed the trip from this place to Harper s ferry 32 Miles with a train of seven Burthen cars attached in the re Murable Short period of one hour and five minutes having slopped at the intermediate depots fifteen minutes of that Lime. This is probably the fastest travelling for the whole distance that has been preformed on a rail Road in the United a res. _ Quot i know no country in which there is so Little True Independence of mind and Freedom of discussion As wrote m. De Toca Vieville in Paris himself a Frenchman. Now Mark the commentary on this veracious text taken from a Paris paper Quot Between the 2d August,1830,and is of october 1834,the Paris press was subjected to no fewer than five Hundred and Twenty prosecutions one Hundred and eighty eight of which proved successful. The total amount of penalties awarded to the political writers of the French capital were one Hundred and six years of incarceration and four Hundred and eleven thousand and five francs in the shape of fines not to mention the preliminary seizure of All the copies of the five Hundred and Twenty guilty and not guilty we must understand that in France the press is open to every species of licentiousness and abuse provided it does not touch the sacred person and feelings of majesty the King and Royal family nor Interne Dale with government of the free people of France. Nothing must be written published or said to bring any of these into discredit nor to raise a laugh at their ,fun and ridicule Are intricate a and punished in common with the most unseasonable and inconvenient arguments or harsh invectives. Let these sacred subjects alone and the Paris press May indulge itself in All sorts of immorality and abominations and this i what m. De Tocqueville Calls the Quot True Independence of mind and Freedom of it be so in France if they like it but let the wholesome Check of Public opinion and there is no other Conidia be in our country to keep the press open upon the topics upon which which it a closed in France and to shut it upon those which Are there at its . Hon. Bailie . Wise in recent speech at Norfolk pronounced the following Well merited Eulogius on the character of or. Peyton. This is not the language of partial Friendship but what every one who knows tie honorable gentleman will entirely concur in As Only just and True. Sir the honorable Bailie per ton is no longer a candidate for Congress. God Grant repose from struggles and dangers in the cause of Liberty and pure government i May speak of As i wish but i cannot nor can any Man As he deserves. A truer firmer More sagacious or More eloquent advocate of the rights of Man does not exist on Earth a a staunches Honester Friend of a pure and free government no country holds a braver nobler More disinterested Man cannot be found ready to sacrifice himself for country or friends a More generous or. Chairman and fellow citizen it would be Idle in me to affect to be indifferent to t e circumstances under which i have now the Honor of addressing you. I find myself in the commercial Metropolis of the continent in the midst of a vast Assembly of intelligent men drawn from All the classes professions and pursuits of life. And you have been pleased gentlemen to meet me in this imposing manner and to offer me a warm and cordial Welcome to your City. I thank you�?1 feel the full Force and importance of this manifestation of your regard. In the highly flattering resolutions which invited me Here in the respectability of this vast multitude of my fellow citizens and in the approbation and Hearty Good will which you have Here manifested i feel cause for profound and grateful acknowledgement. To every individual of this meeting therefore i would now most respectfully make that acknowledgement and with every one As if with hands joined in Mutual greeting i reciprocate Friendly salutation respect and Good wishes. But gentlemen although i am Well assured of your personal regard i cannot fail to know thai the times the political and commercial condition of think which exists among us and an intelligent spirit awakened to hew activity and a new degree of anxiety have mainly contributed to fill these avenues and crowd these Halls. At a moment of difficulty and alarm you come Here As whigs of new York to meet one whom you suppose to be bound to you by common principles and common sentiments and pursuing with you a common object. Gentlemen i am proud to admit this Community of our principles and this identity of our object. You Are for the Constitution of the country so am i. You Are for Union of the Stales so am i. You Are for equal Laws for the equal Rigits of All men for constitutional and just restraints on Power for tie substance and not the shadowy image Only of popular institutions for a government which has Liberty for its spirit and soul As Well As in its forms and so am i. You feel that if in warm party limes the executive Power is in hands distinguished for boldness for great Success for perseverance and other qualities which strike men s mind s strongly there is danger of derangement of the Powers of government danger of a new division of Liose Powers in which the executive is Likely to obtain tie lion s part and danger of a state of things in which the More popular branches of the government instead of being guards and sentinels against any encroachments from the executive seek rather support from its patronage safety again t the complaints of the people in its ample and All protecting favor and Refuge in its Power and so i feel and so i have Felt for eight Long and anxious years. You believe that a very efficient and powerful cause in the production of the evils which now fall on Lite industrious and Coni Porcial classes of the Community is the derangement of the currency the destruction of exchanges and the unnatural and unnecessary misplacement of the specie of the country by unauthorised and illegal Treasury orders. So do i believe. I predicted All this from the beginning and from before the beginning. I predicted it All last Spring when that was attempted to be done by Law which was of tei wards done by executive authority and from the moment of the exercise of that executive authority to the present time i have both foreseen and seen the regular Progress of things under it from inconvenience and embarrassment to pressure loss of Confidence disorder and bankruptcies. Gentlemen i mean on this occasion to amp pack my sentiments freely on the great topics of the Day. I have nothing to conceal and shall therefore conceal nothing. In regard to political sentiments purposes or objects there is nothing in my heart which i am ashamed of 1 shall throw it All open therefore to you and to All men. That is right said son e one of the crowd let us have it with no non committal yes my Friend continued or. A without non commit Tal or evasion without if or but without a single touch in All i say bearing the oracular character of an inaugural i shall on this occasion speak my mind plainly freely and independently to men who Are just As free to concur or not to concur in my sentiments As i am to utter them. I think you Are entitled to hear my opinions freely and frankly spoken but i freely acknowledge that you Are still More clearly entitled to retain and maintain your own opinions however they May differ or agree Quot with mine. It is True. Gentlemen that i have contemplated the relinquishment of my seat in the Senate for the residue of the term now two years for which i was chosen. This Resolution was not taken from disgust or discouragement although some things have certainly happened which might excite both those feelings. But in popular governments men must not suffer themselves to be permanently disgusted by occasional exhibitions of political harlequin ism or deeply discouraged although their efforts to awaken the people to what they deem the dangerous tendency of Public measures be not crowned with immediate Success. It was altogether from other causes and other considerations that after an uninterrupted Servic of fourteen or fifteen years i naturally desired a respite. But those whose opinions i am bound to respect saw objections to a present withdrawal from Congress and i have yielded my own Strong desire to their convictions of what the Public Good requires. Gentlemen in speaking hero on the subjects which now so interest the Community i wish in the outset to disclaim All personal Dis respect to individuals. He whose character and Fortune have exercised such a decisive influence on our politics for eight years has now retired from Public station. I pursue with no personal reflections no reproaches. Between and myself there has always existed a respectful personal Intercourse. Moments have existed indeed critical and decisive upon the general Success of administration in which he has been pleased to regard my Aid As not altogether unimportant. 1 now speak of respectfully As a distinguished Soldier As one who in that character has done the state much service As a Man too of Strong and decided character of a subdued Resolution and perseverance in whatever he undertakes. In speaking of civil administration i speak without sen seriousness or harsh imputation of motives i wish health and happiness in retirement but i must still speak As i think of Public measures and of their general bearing Anil tendency not Only on the present interests of the country but also on the Well being and Security of the government itself. There Are however some topics of a less urgent present application and importance upon which 1 wish to say a few words before i advert to those which Are More immediately connected with the present distressed slate of things. My Learned and highly valued Friend or. Ogden who has addressed me in your behalf has been kindly pleased to speak of my political career As being marked by a Freedom from local interest and prejudices and a Devotion to Liberal and comprehensive views of Public policy. I will not say that this compliment is deserved a i will Only say that i have earnestly endeavoured to deserve it. Gentlemen this government to the extent of its Power is National. It is not consolidated it does not embrace All the Powers of government. On the contrary it is delegated restrained strictly limited. But whal Powers it does possess it possesses for the general not for any partial or local Good. It extends Over a vast territory embracing now six and Twenty states with interests various but not irreconcilable infinitely diversified but Caba ble of being blended into political Harmony. He Jio Wever who would produce this Harmony must Survey the whole Field As if All parts were As interesting to himself As they Are to others and with that generous patriotic feeling prompter and better than the Mere dictates of Cool reason which leads to embrace the whole with regard As constituting altogether that object which he is so much bound to respect to defend and to love,�?s country. We have around us and More or less within the influence and Protection of the general government All the great interests of agriculture navigation Commerce manufactures the fisheries and the Mechanic arts. The duties of the government then certainly extend Over All this territory and embrace All Ticac Vasi interests. Quot vote Tiave a maritime Frontier a sea coast of Many thousand Miles and while no one doubts that it is the duty of government to defend this coast by suitable military preparations there Are those who yet suppose that the Powers of government Slop at this Point and that As to works of peace and works of improvement they Are beyond our constitutional limits. I have Ever thought otherwise. Congress Lias a right no doubt to declare War and to raise armies and navies and it has necessarily the right to build fortifications and batteries to pro looking gentlemen Over our whole country comprehending in our Survey the Atlantic coast with its thick population advanced agriculture its extended Commerce its manufactures and Mechanic arts its varieties of communication its wealth and its general improvements and looking then to the Interior Quot to the immense tracts of fresh Fertile and cheap lands bounded by so Many lakes and watered by so Many magnificent Rivers let me ask if such a map was Ever before presented to the Eye of any statesman As the theatre for the exercise of Wisdom and let me ask too if any Man is fit to act a part on such a theatre who does not comprehend the whole of if within the scope of policy and embrace it All As country again gentlemen we Are one in respect to the glorious Constitution under which we live. We Are All United m the great brotherhood of american from the same ancestors bred in the same school taught in infancy to imbibe the same political sen to rents americans All by birth education and principle what but a narrow mind or woeful ignorance or besotted selfishness or prejudice Teri times ten times blinded can Lead any of us to regard the citizens of any part of the country As strangers and aliens the solemn truth moreover is before us that a common political Fate attends us All. Under the present Constitution wisely and conscientiously administered All Are Safe Happy and renowned. The me3.sure of our country s Fame May fill All our breasts. It is Fame enough for us All to partake in her glory if we will carry her character Onward to its True destiny. But if the system is broken its fragments must fall alike on All. Not Only the cause of Anterica Liberty but the grand cause of Liberty throughout the whole Earth depends in a great measure on upholding the Constitution and Union of these states. If shattered and destroyed no matter by what cause the Peculiar and cherished idea of United american Liberty will be no More forever. There May be free states it is possible when there shall be separate Stales. There May be Many Loose and feeble and hostile confederacy is where there is Oie great and United confederacy. But the Noble idea of United american Liberty of our Liberty such As our fathers established it will be extinguished forever. Fragments and severed columns of the edifice May be found remaining and melancholy and Mournful ruins will they be the August Temple itself will be prostrate in the dust. Gentlemen the citizens of this Republic Jaimot sever their fortunes. A common late awaits us. In the Honor of upholding or ill tie disgrace of undermining the Constitution we sit Ali All necessarily partake. Let us then Stenti by the Constitution As it is and by our country As it is one United and entire let it be a truth engraved on our hearts let it be borne on tie Flag under Wilio we rally in every orig Only that we Onk country one a one destiny. Gentlemen of our Interior administration i the Public lands constitute a highly important part. This is a subject of great interest and it ought to attract much More not mention than it has hitherto received especially from the people of the Atlantic slates. The Public lands Are Public property. They belong to the people of All the Stales. A vast portion of them is composed of territories which were ceded by individual states to the United Slack after the close of the Revo Lect the coast from the Eli acts of War. But con-1 Ilion any War and before the adoption of the Gress has authority also and it is its duty to Rog ulate co Mcce and it has the whole Power of collecting duties on imports and. Tonnage. It must have ports Warbois and Dock Yards also for its navies. Very Early in the history of tie government it was decided by Congress on the report of a highly respectable coining tree that the Transfer by the status to Congress of the Power of collecting tonnage and Oiler duties and the Grant of the authority to regulate Commerce Cli arged Congress necessarily with the duty of maintaining such piers and wharves and Light houses and of making such improvements As might have been expected to be done by Llie slates if they had retained the usual Means by retaining the Power of collecting duties on imports. The states it was admitted had parted with this Power and the duty of facilitating and protecting Commerce by these Means had passed along with this Power into other have never hesitated therefore when the stale of the Treasury would admit to vote for reasonable appropriations for break Waters Light houses , harbours and similar improvements on the whole Atlantic coast or the Gulf of Mexico from Maine to Louisiana. But How stands the Inland Frontier mow is it along the vast lakes and Ihu mighty Rivers of tiie North and West do our constitutional rights and duties terminate when the Waters Ccase to be Salt or do they exist in full vigor on the shores of these Inland seas?�?1 never could doubt about Thi and yet gentlemen i Reineri or even to have participated in a warm debate in the Senate some years ago upon the right of Congress to make an appropriation for a i for in the Harbor of Buffalo. Whal make u Harbor at Buffalo where nature never made a Tny nil where therefore it was never Isle Neil any Over should be made take Money from the pc Ople to run out piers from the shores of Lake Erie or present con Tulion. The history of these Cessions and the reason for making them Are familiar. Some of the old thirteen possessed Large tracts of unsettled lands within their chartered limits. The revolution Hud established to Weir title to these lands and As the revolution had been brought a bout by the common treasure and the common blood of All the colonies it was thought not unreasonable unsettled lands should be transferred to the United states to pay the debt created by the War and afterwards to remain As a fund for the use of All the states. This is the Well known origin of the title possessed by the United states to lands Northwest of the River Ohio. By the treaties with France and Spain Louisiana and Florida with Many millions of acres of Public unsold land have been since acquired. The Cost of these acquisitions was paid of course by the general government and was thus a charge upon the whole people. The Public lands therefore All and singular Are National property granted to the United Stales purchased by the United Stales paid for by All the people of the United states. The idea that when a new stale is created the Public lands lying within her territory become the properly of such state in consequence of her sovereignly is too preposterous for serious refutation. Such notions have heretofore been advanced in Congress but nobody has sustained them. They were re jelled and abandoned although one cannot say whether they May not be revived in consequence of recent propositions which have been made in the Senate. The new states Arv it admitted on express conditions recognizing to the fullest extent the right of the United state in to the Public lands within their Borders and it is no More to contend that some Indi Luile idea of stale Sovereign y Over rides All these stipulations and makes the lands deepen the channels other is allow Rivers where properly of the states against the conditions was the constitutional authority this where cd provisions of their of to Constitution and the would such strides of Power Stop How Long Constitution of the muted states than it would would the states have airy Power at All left if their territory might be invaded for such unhallowed purposes or How Long would the people have any Money in their pockets if the government of the United stint is might to. Them at pleasure for such extravagant projects As these piers wharves harbours and breakwaters in the lakes i hese arguments. Gentlemen however earnestly put Forth heretofore do not strike us wish great Power at the present Day if we stand on the shores of Lake Erie and see hundreds of vessels with valuable cargoes and thousands of valuable lives moving on its i biters with few shelters from the storm but havens created or made useful by the Aid of government. These great lakes stretching away Manv thousands of Miles not in Bastia inline but with turns and de flexion As if designed to reach by water communication the greatest possible number of important Points through a Region of vast extent can idiot but arrest the attention of any one who looks upon the map. They lie Cion nested but variously placed and interspersed As if with studied variety of form and direction Over that part of the country. To Fiey were made for Man and admirably adapted for use and convenience. Be that a similar doctrine entitled the state of new York to the monies collected at the custom House in this Eily since it is no More inconsistent with sovereignty that one government should hold lands for the purpose of Sale within the territory of another than it is that it should Lay and collect taxes and duties within such territory. Whatever extravagant pretentious May have been set up heretofore there was not i suppose an enlightened Man in the whole West who insisted on any such right in the states when the proposition to cede tie lands to the states was made in the late session of Congress. The Public lands being therefore the common property of All the people of All the states i shall never consent to give them away to particular states or dispose of them otherwise than for the general Good and the general use of the whole country. I Felt bound therefore on the occasion just alluded to to resist at the threshold a proposition to cede the Public lands to the states in which they lie on certain conditions. I very greeted the introduction of such a measure As ils effects must be i fear Only to agitate what was Well settled and to disturb that course of proceeding in regard to the Public lands which forty years of experience have shown id be so Wise and so satisfactory in its operate Iii both to the people of the old states and to those of the new. But gentlemen although the Public lands Aie not to be Given away or ceded to Partie ular states a very Liberal policy in regard to Terai ought a Ndow a Teddy to prevail such a policy has prevailed and i have steadily support cd a it a rid shall continue to support it so Long As i May ref main in Public life. The main object in regard to these lands is undoubtedly to Settle them so fast As the growth of our population and its augmentation by emigration May enable us to Settle them. The lands therefore should be Gold at a Low Price and for one i have never doubted the right or expediency of granting portions of tie lands themselves or of making Grants of Money for objects of internet improvement connected win i them. I have always supported Liberal a for the purpose of opening Communia Lions to and through these lands Liy common roads cd nals and railroads and where lands of Wilde value Haye been Long in Market and on acc omit of their indifferent Quality arc not Likely to command the common Price 1 know no objection to a reduction of the Price As to such lands so that they May pass into private ownership. Nor do i feel any objections to remove those restraints Wheeli prevent the states from taxing the lands for five years after they Are sold. But while in these and All other respects i am idiot Only reconciled to Quot a Liberal policy but espouse it and support it and have constantly done so i hold still the National Domain to be the general Pipperty of the country confided to the care of Congress and which Congress is solemnly bound to pro act Aud preserve for the common Good. The Benefit derived from the Public lands after All is and must be in the greatest degree Eri Joyed by those who buy them and Settle upon them. The original Price paid to the government constitutes but a Small part of their actual value. Their immediate Rise in value in the hands of the settler gives competence. He exercises a Power of selection Over a vast Region of Fertile territory All on Sale at the same Price and that Price an exceedingly Low one. Selection is no sooner made cultivation is no sooner begun and the first Furrow turned than to already finds himself a Man of property. These Are the advantages of Western emigrants and Western settlers and they Are such certainly As no country on Earth Ever before afforded to her citizens. This Opportunity of Purchase and settlement this certainty of enhanced Val be these sure Means of immediate com Peter be and ultimate wealth All these Are tic rights and the blessings of the people of the West and they have my Hearty wishes for their full and perfect enjoy mint. _ _ i desire of see the puts Lic lands cd Ltd a a to Daltit occupied. 1 desire the growth and Prosperity of the West and the fullest development or Ifo vast and extraordinary resources i wish to bring it near to us by every species of useful communication. I see not without admiration and amazement but yet without envy or jealousy. States of recent origin already containing More people than Massachusetts. These people i knot to be part of ourselves they have proceeded from the midst of us and we May Trust that they Are not Likely to separate themselves in interest or a a feel ing from their Kindred whom they have left on the fails and around the hearths of their comm by fathers. A Liberal policy a sympathy with its interests and enlightened and generous feeling of participation in its Prosperity Are due to the West and will be met i doubt not by a return of sentiment equally cordial and equally patriotic. Gentlemen the general question of Revenue is very much connected with this subject of Public lands and i Avill therefore in a very few words express my opinions on that Point. The Revenue involves not Only the Supply of the Treasury with Money but the question of Protection to manufactures. On these connected subjects therefore gentlemen As i have promised to keep nothing Back i will state my opinions plainly lilt very shortly. I am it favor of such a Revenue As Liall be a qual to All the just and reasonable wants of the government and i am decidedly oppose id a a a collection or accumulation of Revenue beyond this Point. An extravagant government expenditure and unnecessary accumulation in the Treasury Are both Iff All Likings else to be most studiously avoided. I am in favor of pm Oto clog american Indus try and Ift Bor not Only As Etc played in Large Manu factories but also and More expel rally As employed in the various Mechanic arts carried on by persons acting on Small capitals and living by the earnings of their own personal Industry. By Ery City in the Union and none More than this would feel severely the consequences of Depash a ing from the ancient and continued policy of the government respecting this last Branch of Protection. If duties were to be abolished on hats boots shoes and other articles of leather arid of the articles fabricated of brass tin and Iron and on ready made clothes carriages furniture and Many similar articles thousands of persons would immediately be thrown out of employment in this City and in other parts of the Union. Protection in this respect of our own labor against the cheaper ill paid half fed and pauper Laa or of Europe is in my opinion a duty which the country owes to its own citizens. I ant it therefor decidedly for protecting our own in<�u8tryf and our Wii labor. In the next place. Gentlemen i am of Pinit Fol Liat with no More than Usu skill in the Appu cation of the will tried principles of discriminating and specific duties All the branches of National Industry May be protected without imposing such duties on imports As shall overcharge the As to the revenues arising from the 8alp,8 of Public lands i am of opinion that they ought to be set apart for the use of the states. The states need the Money. The government of the United states does not need it. Many of the state have contracted Large debts for objects of internal improvement and others of them have in Poi Tant objects which they would wish to Zacconi plish. The lands were originally Grant Torje i be of the several states and now that to in a rat need Are not necessary for the purpose general government i am of opinion that he should go to the st tei and to the of it ple of a states upon an equal principle. Seta Patt alien the proceeds of the Public lands for the Baic of the pm ill a m

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