Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana 17 Mar 1830
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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - March 17, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana journal. Vol. , wednesday March in 1830. No. 360. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Terms. Seventy five cents during the session of the legislature. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the y Eav. Advertisements inserted at the usual terms. Ascent to Mont Blanc. By j. Aul djo Esq. Of Trinity College Cambridge. The perilous honour of ascending to the Summit of Mont Blanc was first attained by m. De Saussure and was for a number of years continued to him and his companions. Since peace reopened the continent to the Enterprise of our countrymen several attempts have been made to accomplish this grand object of travelling ambition of these several have been relinquished after a partial Progress while a cd in All we believe five or six have succeeded after great exertions and very considerable Hazard. who would reach the Summit of Mont Blanc has very Early in his journey to make his Way along a path Cut upon the face of clip a a several Hundred feet in height so narrow that he must frequently walk sideways in order to keep his balance. soon meets with abysses which can Only be crossed by laying a few poles Over and Waikiki in or sliding upon them. Others he must pass so Broad that he can Only get upon natural Bridges of Snow and As the Snow is frequently too thin to Bear the weight of a person walking one crawls Over acid the others Are drawn by ropes. In one place a huge Block of ice is in the Way and lies upon a Crevice so deep that the Eye cannot see the Bottom. Upon the perpendicular Side of this Block Steps Are Cut with a Hatchet and by Means of these the adventurous traveller reaches the other Side should he be fortunate enough to escape without slipping. Sometimes in clambering up the sides of the Giraci in the feet give Way and he Rolls and slides to the very Edge of the precipice before the guide to whom he is attached by a rope can venture to Slop him lest he should on his own insecure footing be moved by the Effort and dragged after him Over the Brink. An Avalanche is so frequent that in the course of a journey it is Many chances to one that he will see them in his Vicinity. The latter part of the ascent is fatiguing from the ratified state of the air and the dangers of the return Are considerably increased by the great difficulty of keeping the head steady in descending and of using the limbs under the of exhaustion. Quot the Rich englishman thus not Only exposes his own life to risk but be hires some half d z. U of guides to expose theirs along with him. How far this is Reli shed by their wives and families is very candidly related to us by our author. Some who had enga ged to go Drew Buck Over it ome by the entreaties of their relatives. Their place was supplied by others and of these some in like manner were pre Vaird upon to desert. When at length the compliment was obtained and the hour fixed for setting out arrived 1 could not says or. Aul djo a get them together at the time most of them had to part from their wives and relations. When they did join a it was with a car Etc some crying some upbraiding us with tempting those who formed their Only support to sacrifice themselves to my curiosity and the Only season for attempting the ascent with a Prospect of Success is the Middle of summer or Early part of autumn the hour for setting out from the Village of Chamouni the nearest convenient spot for obtaining guides should be sufficiently Early to enable the travellers to pass the night near the top of the insulated rocks called the grand mulits where in a very confined space a party May repose out of the Roach of those tremendous descents of Snow and ice avalanches which would in an instant overwhelm both the travellers and their guides to reach this halting place is a matter of no Small difficulty. Quot taking my Steps with the greatest care 1 could not prevent myself from slipping As the space became wider i Decani get less cautious and while looking Over the Edge into the upper Crevice my feet Slid from Unider me i came Down on my face and glided rapidly towards the lower one 1 cried out but the guides who held the ropes attached to to did not Stop me though they stood firm. I had got to the extent of the rope my feet hanging Over the lower Crevice one hand grasping firmly the pole amp theother by hat. The guides called me to be 000 Atid not afraid a a pretty Lime to be Cool hanging Over an abyss and in momentary expectation of falling into it they made no attempt to pull me up for some moments and then desiring me to raise myself they Drew in the rope until i was close to them and in safety. Quot the reason for this proceeding is obvious. Had they attempted on the bad and Uncertain footing on which they stood to Check me at the first gliding they might have lost their own balance Jand our destruction would have followed but fixing themselves firmly in the Cut step and securing themselves with their Batons they were enabled to support me with certainty when the rope had gone its length. This also gave me time to recover that i might assist them in placing myself out of danger for it is not to be supposed that in such a situation i did not lose in a great degree my presence of mind. These were Good reasons no doubt but placed is 1 was in imminent peril i could not have allowed them to be so. reached the grand mulits and clambered up to the ledge they found it about five feet wide and twelve in length. Here within about two feet of the step Side towards Chamouni they lit a fire changed their clothes cooked and ate their dinner and then slept Ander a kind of awning formed by throwing a Sheet Over their poles placed slant against the Rock. Soon after three in the morning they continued their journey suffering extreme by from the cold and the pain of walking upon a Slippery surface. A bout seven they came to a frightful chasm across which was a Bridge of now Strong enough to Bear them and so hollow As to afford shelter from the wind whose piercing cold had occasioned great suffering. Here therefore they stopped to breakfast. Quot when within an hour of the Summit or. Aul djo was attacked with such shortness of breathing from the thinness of the air and suffered so much from the Lautour drowsiness and dejection occasioned by the cold and fatigue that he could hardly be persuaded to go in. Every three or four Steps to Grey were obliged to Stop and take breath the strongest guide was forced to turn round and by exposing himself to the Strong North wind regain strength enough to get on evincing a Resolute determination that was quite wonderful in the state they were in. Their attention to me was marked by a desire to Render me every possible service while they endeavoured to inspire me with the same firmne�8 of which they themselves gave 60 Strong an example. This Earnest solicitude which they showed much to their own discomfort and annoyance to keep my spirits up was in vain i was exhausted the sensation of weakness in my legs had a Econe excessive i was nearly choked from the dryness of my Throat and the difficulty of breathing. 1 desired to have a few moments rest and sat Down i Besought the guides to leave me i prayed my Swiss Friend to go to the Summit with them and allow me to remain where i was that by the Lime they returned i might be refreshed to commence the descent. 1 told them i had seen enough i used every argument in my Power to induce them to Grant my request. Their Only answer was that they would carry me exhausted As they were to the Summit rather than that i should not get to it thai if they could not carry me they would drag me. Quot being unable to resist i became passive and two of the least exhausted forced me up some Short distance each taking an Arm. I found that this eased me and i then went on More willingly when one of them devised a plan which proved of most essential service two of them went up in Advance about fourteen paces and fixed themselves on the Snow a Long rope was fastened round my Chest and the other end to them As soon As they were seated i commenced ascending taking very Long strides and in doing so with quickness pulling the rope in they also while 1 thus exerted myself pulled me towards them so. That 1 was partly drawn up and partly ran up using a Zig Zag direction and the amusement derived from the process kept us in better Humour than we were before. I was less fatigued and Felt the effects of the air less by this process than by the slow process in which 1 had hitherto attempted to ascend. I had taken very Little notice of the Progress we were Ihus making when 1 suddenly found myself on the Summit i hastened to the highest Point towards Chamouni and taking my Glass observed that the party on the Bre Ven had noticed the accomplishment of our undertaking and were Reward ing us by waving their hats and handkerchiefs which salutation we returned. I noticed also that the people in Chamouni had likewise collected in considerable numbers on the Bridge watching our Progress and Success. It was exactly eleven o clock. Quot the Sun shone brilliantly on every Peak of Snow that i could see hardly any Mist Hung Over the valleys none was on the mountains the object of my ambition and my toil was after sleeping for a Quarter of an hour and talking a very Little refreshment for the fever excited by the quickened respiration almost took a Way the appetite or. Aul djo had Leisure to observe the View. Of its extent there can be no question of its beauties and wonders and splendour and Sublimity there May be very great doubt. Nothing can be discovered with any distinctness but the peaks of the Mountain itself the tops of others More Distant the Lake of Geneva and one or two others and the Vale of Chamouni. Notwithstanding All the fatigue and delay incurred by or. A. And his party the hour at which they reached the Summit of the Mountain was earlier than that of preceding parties two o clock having been the customary time on those occasions. This enabled them to set out so Early As twelve o clock in the descent which Tho less fatiguing appears More dangerous than even climbing the Mountain especially when overtaken As May be expected in so elevated a Region by a storm of sleet and High winds. At last they surmounted All the hazards of the route and reached in safety the inn at Chamouni after an absence of thirty seven hours welcomed by the congratulations of All their friends and of a number of spectators attracted by curiosity to the spot. The Date of this remarkable excursion was tie 8th and 9th of August 1827. London paper. Coir amp Resl Szuhai. Debate. Extracts from or. Halive s second spec Hon or. Foot s Sesoi Utich relative to the Public lands. Or. Hayne said when he took occasion two Days ago to throw out some ideas with respect to the policy of the government in relation to the Public lands nothing certainly could have been farther from his thoughts than that he Shoi tid be compelled a gain the throw himself upon the indulgence of the Senate. Little did i expect said or. H., to be called upon to meet such an argument As was yester Day urged by the gentleman from Massachusetts or. Webster sir i questioned no Man s a pinions i impeached no Man s motives 1 charged no party or state or Section of country with hostility to any other but ventured i thought in a becoming spirit to put Forth my own sentiments in re lation to a great National question of Public policy. Such was a course the gentleman from Missouri or. Benton it is True had charged upon the Eastern states an Early and continued hostility towards the West and re termed to a number of historical facts and documents in support of that charge. Now sir How have these different arguments been Mel the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts after deliberating a whole night upon his course comes into this Cham ber to vindicate new England and instead of making up his Issue with the gentleman from Missouri on the charges which he had preferred chooses to consider me As the author of those charges and losing sight entirely of that gentleman selects me As his adversary and pours out All the vials of his mighty Wrath upon my devoted head. Nor is he willing to Stop there. goes on to assail the institutions and policy of the South and Calls in question the principles and conduct of the state which i have the Honor to represent. When i find a gentleman of mature age and experience of acknowledged talents and profound sagacity pursuing a course like this declining the contest offered from the West and making War upon the Uno fending South i must believe 1 am bound to believe he has some object in View which he has not ventured disclose. Or. President Why is this a has the gentleman discovered former controversies with the gentle Man from Missouri that he is Over matched by that senator and does he Hope for a More easy Victory Over a More feeble adversary a has the gentleman s Dis tempered fancy been disturbed by gloomy forebodings of Quot new alliances to be formed Quot at which he hinted a has the ghost of the murdered coalition come Back like the ghost of Banquo to Quot sear he Eye balls of the gentleman Quot and will it not Quot Down at his bidding Quot Are dark visions of broken Hopes and honours lost forever still floating before his heated imagination sir if it be his object to thrust me Between the gentleman from Missouri and himself in order to Rescue tic East from the contest it has provoked with the West he shall not be gratified. Sir i will not be dragged into the defence of my Friend from Missouri. The South shall not be forced into a conflict not its own. The gentleman from Missouri is Able to fight his own Gallant West needs no Aid from the South to repel an attack which May be made on them from any Quarter. Let the gentleman from Massachusetts Controvert the facts and arguments of the gentleman from Missouri if he can and if he Winthe Victory let him Wear its honors 1 shall not deprive him of his laurels. The senator from Massachusetts has thought proper to present in Strong contrast the Friendly feelings of the East towards the West with sentiments of an opposite character displayed by the South in relation to appropriations for internal improvements. Now sir let it be recollected that the South have made no professions i have certainly made none in their behalf of regard for the West. It hat been reserved to the gentleman from Massachusetts while he vaults his own personal Devotion to Western interests to for the entire Section of country to which he belongs an ardent Friendship for the West As manifested by their support of the system of inter Nal improvements while he casts in our Teeth the reproach that the South has manifested hostility to Western interests in opposing appropriations for such objects. That gentleman at the same Tinse acknowledged that the South entertains Coslit Lional a Crupin son this subject. Are we then sir to understand that the gentleman considers it a just subject of reproach that we respect our oaths by which we Are bound Quot to preserve protect and defend the Constitution of the United slates Quot would the gentleman have us Manifest our love to the West by trampling under foot our constitutional scruples does he not perceive that if the South is to he reproach cd with unkindness to the West in voting against appropriations which the gentleman admits they could not vote for without doing violence to their constitutional opinions that he exposes himself to the question whether if he were in our situation he could vote for these appropriations regardless of his scruples no sir i will not do the gentleman so great injustice. has fallen into this error from not having duly weighed the Force and effect of the reproach which he was endeavouring to cast upon the South. In relation to the other Point the Friendship manifested by new England towards the West in their support of the system of internal improvement Hie gentleman will Par Doame for saying that think he is equally unfortunate in having introduced that topic. As that gentleman has forced it upon us however i cannot suffer it to pass unnoticed. When the gentleman tells that the appropriations for internal improvement in the West would in almost every instance have failed bul for new England votes he has forgotten to Tell us the Zohun the Filozi and the Roc Reforce this new born Zeal for the West sprung up in the bosom of new Jcu gland. e look Back Only few years we will find in both houses of Congress an uniform and steady opposition on the part of the members front the Eastern states generally to All appropriations of Titis Clia racier. At the time i became a member of this House and for some time afterwards a decided majority of the new England senators were opposed to the very measures which the senator from Massachusetts tells us they now cordially support. Sir the Jour nals Are before me and an examination of them will satisfy every gentleman of that fact. It must be Well known to every one whose experience dates Back As far a 1825 that up to a certain period new England was generally opposed to appropriations for internal improvements in the West. The gentle min a from Massachusetts May be himself an exception but if he went for the system before 1826, it is certain that his colleagues did not go with him. In the session of 1824 and 25, however a memorable Era in the history of this country a wonderful change took place in new England in relation to Western interests. Sir an extraordinary Union of sympathies and of interests was then effected which brought the East and the West into close Alliance. The Book from which 1 have before read contains the first Public annunciation of that Happy reconciliation of conflicting interests personal and political which brought the East and West together and locked in a fraternal embrace the two great orators of the East and the West. Sir it was on the 18th january 1825, while the result of the presidential election in the House of representatives was still doubtful while the whole country was looking with intense anxiety to the legislative Hall where the mighty drama was so soon to be acted that we saw the leaders of two great parties in the Hoose and in the nation taking Quot Sweet counsel together Quot and in a celebrated debate on the Cumberland Road Side by Side for Zug Stern interests. It was on that memorable occasion that the senator from Massachusetts held out the a White Flag of the Ivest and mered these Liberal Serr tibents which he yesterday so indignantly repudiated. Then it was that that Happy Union Between the members of the celebrated coalition was consummated whose imm Edale Issue was a president from one Viiar of the Union., with the succession As it was supposed secured to another. The Quot american system Quot before a rude disjointed and misshapen mass now assumed form consistency. Then it was that it became Quot the settled policy of the government Quot that this system should be so administered As to create a reciprocity of interests and a reciprocal distribution of government favors East and West the Tariff and internal improvements while the South yes. Sir the impracticable South was to be Quot out of your the gentleman May boast much As he pleases of the Friendship of new eng Atid for the West As displayed in their support of internal improvement but when he next introduces that topic i Trust that he will Tell us Zrihen that Friendship commenced Hozo it was brought about and Schij it was established a fore i leave Thi topic i must be permitted to pay that the True character of the policy now pursued by the gentleman from Massachusetts and his Friend in relation to appropriations of land and Money for the Benefit of the weft is in my estimation very similar to that pursued by Jacob of old towards his brother Esau Quot it robs them of their Birthright for a mess of the gentleman from Massachusetts in alluding to a remark of mine that before any disposition could be a de of the Public lands the National debt for which they stand pledged must be first paid ook occasion to it Tim ate Quot that the extraordinary Fervour which seems to exist in a certain Quarter meaning the South sir for the payment of the debt arises from a disposition to Zeaken the tics Schich bind the people of the Union Quot while the Genii Flemun deals us this blow he professes an ardent desire to see the debt speedily . must excuse me however for feeling some distrust on that subject undo i find this disposition Mantei Ted by something stronger than professions. I shall look for acts decided and unequivocal acts for the performance of which an Opportunity will very soon if i am not greatly mistaken be gift Breed. Sir if i were at Liberty to judge of the course which that gentleman would pursue from the principles which he has Laid Down in relation to this matter i should be bound to conclude that he will be found acting with those with whom it is a Darling object to prevent the payment of the Public debt. tells us he is desirous of paying the debt Quot because we Aie under Liioi Zaimi to discharge now sir suppose it should happen that the Public creditors with whom we have contracted the obligation should release us from it so far As to declare their willingness to wait for payment for fifty years to come provided Only the interest shall be punctually discharged. The gentleman from mag Sach Selts will then be released from the obligation which now makes him desirous of paying the debt and let me Tell the go Ittleman the holders of the Stock will not Only release us from this obligation but they will implore nay they will even pay us not to pay thu m. But adds the gentleman Quot so far As the debt May have an effect in binding the debtors to the country and thereby serving As a link to hold the slates together he would be glad that it should exist surely then sir on the gentleman s own principles to must be opposed to the payment of the debt. Sir let me Tell the gentleman that the South repudiates the idea that a pecuniary do pen ence on the Federal government is one of the legitimate Means of holding the states together
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