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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - March 10, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
Lvi port ant from Mexico. F he annexed important information from Mexico has been received by a very respectable mercantile House of Puii Ladelia from their correspondents at Vera Critz. The revolution effected is a military one what particular aspect and spirit it Niay give to the government we af3 unable to say. We do not share in the Confidence which it is believed to have inspired. . A extract of a letter dated Vera Cruz 9th Jan. Quot we have great pleasure a announcing that the affair of Gen. Busta Mente is entirely concluded the plan formed by the vice president busta Mente has completely succeeded and the whole country has declared in his favor after an insignificant opposition in the capital. He has taken the reins until a new president shall be appointed. We now Hope every thing will go Well for sometime those at the head of the government inspired a Good Deal of Confidence. Guerrero and Santa Anna have both retired to their haciendas estates they have been completely Colombia. The following information which comes to us from a source altogether worthy of Reliance will serve to Settle the disputes which have Arisen in the new York papers about the recent transactions in Venezuela. It remains to be seen whether Paez will prove faithful to the . Gaz. I tractor a letter from Caracas dated Jan. 7, 1830. After the Public meeting of the 25th november and the act passed and signed on that Day All the other provinces and departments which constituted the former Capitan a general of Venezuela have passed theirs adhering with some trivial alterations to that of Caracas. The meeting at cum Ana was presided Over by general Bermu Dez and the resolutions adopted and signed were still More powerful than those of Caracas. The general addressed the Assembly in a most energetic manner he said that his sword should never be sheathed until he beheld Bis country free of tyrants that he recognized Gen. Paez As the commander in chief destined to carry into effect the will of the people and that he was proud in being called upon to fight under the orders of a chief who to the most unblemished patriotism and to an ardent love of country unites the most undaunted courage and appears to be the favorite son of Victory. Bermudez Laid before the meeting the original letter he had received from Gen. Briceno Mendez containing the proposal of establishing a monarchy in Colombia. On the 12th december general landed at la Guyra on his return from Valencia and puerto cabello and since he had not been in Caracas since the act was passed and the people crowded the roads and carried him in Triumph into the City. The following morning he sent for the beads of All the respectable families and having collected in his House the friends As Well As enemies of Bolivar he there declared his sentiments openly and frankly stating that since the people had proclaimed their determination to regain their lost liberties and had selected him As their chief thus manifesting their Confidence in him he assured them that the will of the people was to him a Law that As he had been indefatigable in driving the spaniards from Venezuela and contributing to their liberties the same Zeal and constancy should be employed by him to free Venezuela from the tyranny of Bolivar or any other Domestic despot who dare attempt our slavery. He assured them that the army under his command entertained the same Noble sentiments and although it might appear presumptuous on his part he thought that with the assistance of generals Bermudez Marino Arismendi Mona Gas Gomez Masero Infante Valero Carabana fee., his army was invincible and he concluded his address in the following words a Liberty or death this is my wish and ought to be that of All who love their country on the 24tb december Gen Paez called a meeting of the inhabitants in which he informed them that although no intelligence had been received of the measure which Gen. Bolivar intended to adopt in regard to the movements of Venezuela he had thought it prudent to Send 3000 infantry and 2000 cavalry under the orders of generals Marino and Masero that he thought the army ought to be increased to ,-000 men the whole under his immediate orders. The right Wing to be under the command of Marino the left of Bermudez and the Centre under generals Gomez and Masero the cavalry to be commanded by monday. That in the present stale of the Treasury it was impossible to equip the troops and he proposed a voluntary contribution for this purpose he said he had called them together. He offered for himself and on the part of the other generals to serve without pay and in addition he presented 10,d00 As Bis portion of the contribution. Instantly the sum of 300,000 was collected. A Strong and energetic manifesto was then drawn up signed by general Peak and the rest in which they cautioned Gen. Bolivar Gamst interfering with Venezuela but that if still obstinate in his purpose he attempted Force the venezuelans were ready to die rather than yield to a tyrant. The meeting then dissolved. From the Baltimore commercial chronicle. Treatment of Gen. Harrison in Colombia. Much has Bleen published and much More whispered regarding the ill treatment which then. Harbison late minister of the United states to Colombia is said to have received during the latter part of his residence in Colombia. We published a letter upon this subject a few weeks since written at Bogota by a Young gentleman in the suite of Gen. Harrison which first appeared in the Albany daily advertiser. By that letter we were informed that Gen. H. Had been rudely and harshly treated and requested to leave the country. And finally that High accusations were circulated against him and attempts made to excite the people to some deed of violence towards his person. A or. Gooding an american citizen from new England engaged a the jeweller s business at Bogota was seized and cast into prison and the government refused to liberate him until Gen. Harrison would fix upon a Day for his departure. This is All True and the half has not been told. Whether the government of these United states will submit to the indignity because Simon Bolivar is considered rather popular with the Cabinet we do not know. Gen. Harrison has had a very difficult and delicate task to perform at Bogota. He found almost immediately after his arrival that but Little Friendship was Felt for the United states by Bolivar and his party. While he was caressed and flattered by the foreign officers by whom he was surrounded and while the diplomatic agents of other governments were encouraging him to assume the purple the weight and influence of the u. States under the administrations of or. Monroe and or. Adams was thrown into the scale of Freedom. Party spirit ran very High at the time of Gen. H s arrival and it was soon apparent that the friends of Bolivar eyed him askance As the necessary enemy of the ambitious views of their master while on the other hand the Republican party looked upon him As Quot their Friend. Still it was his duty and a duty which he most scrupulously discharged to know no party and attend exclusively to his official duties and the interests of his own country. But the numerous wrongs inflicted upon american citizens by the bolivian authorities wrongs which it was his duty to see redressed brought him often in collision with the government. Nevertheless he was treated with eve Ery possible degree of respect and Courtesy so Long As he remained in the his friends finally hurried him away to prevent his assassination. Discharge of his official duties. But far different was the fact immediately after Gen. H. Had presented or. Expedient and proper. or Indiana. An act regulating Mec Lical societies. Whereas owing to defects in the Law regulating the practice of physic in this state the medical societies which now exist have never been legally organized and the provisions of the act Are such As do not induce a Large portion of qualified physicians to become members of any medical society or sufficiently to guard against licensing unqualified men to practice Medicine to remedy which evils. Section 1. Be it enacted by the general Assembly of the state of ii Man that the medical society of the state of Indiana and the several District medical societies which Are now organized in this state shall each on causing a record of the name of the society and of the officers last elected to be made in the recorder s office of the county where the last election was Holden authenticated by Thuc signature of the president and Secretary be thenceforth considered in Law and equity As legally existing and All License of heretofore granted by either of them to practice Medicine shall be considered As legally granted and former elections of officers As having been legally made and the division of the state by the state medical society into twelve medical districts As having been legally done and All the Powers and Privi Leges of an act entitled Quot an act to incorporate medical societies Quot &c., approved february 12,1825, Are hereby extended to said societies and to such others As May be formed under the provisions of this act. Sec. 2. The state medical society shall have Power to organize medical societies in those districts where none now exists by the appointment of a president Secretary and three censors who shall continue in office till the next annual meeting of said District society and until their successors Are elected. The state society shall designate some suitable place in said districts for the first annual meeting of said District societies. Sec. 3. The state medical society shall meet annually at Indianapolis on the first wednesday next succeeding the meeting of the legislature and at such other times As they May appoint. The several District societies shall meet annually within their respective districts on the first monday in May and at such other times As they May appoint the said District societies May be composed of All persons of Good moral character residing in their respective districts who have been regularly licensed to practice Medicine in this state or who have been reputable practitioners in the state for two years next preceding the passage of this act or who have graduated at any medical College in the United states the state medical society and the several District societies shall have Power to make and enforce any by Laws not inconsistent with the Laws of this state and to impose and collect any fines for non attendance or other delinquencies of their members that they May deem the death of any person Viz to let the world know that you were dead Well but i la be c sad if i am dead Quot not dead then it s your own fault for you told me that you would positively pay your Bill by such a Day if you lived till that time. The Day is past the Bill is not paid and you positively must be dead for i will not believe you would forfeit your word o no Quot Quot i see you have got around me or. Editor but say no More a bout it Here s the Money. And har Kee you wag just contradict my death next week will you Quot Quot of certainly sir just to please you though upon my word i cant help thinking you dead at the Tinne specified and that you have merely come Back to pay this Bill on account of your Friendship for Oon Gressional debate. Extract from so second speech in or. Foot s Resolution relative to the Public Lamis in reply to or. Hayne of South Carolina. The real question Between me and him or. Hayne is where has the doctrine been advanced at the South or the East that the population of the West should be retarded or at least need not be hastened on account of its effect to Drain off the people from the Atlantic states is this doctrine As has been alleged of Eastern origin that is the question. Has the gentleman found any thing by which he can make Good his accusation i submit to that on the Ocean in improving the Harbo of Inland seas than if they were within the ebb and flow of the tide or of removing obstructions in the vast streams of the West More than in any work to facilitate Commerce on the Atlantic coast. If there be Power for one there is Power also for the other and they Are All and equally for the country. There Are other objects apparently More local or the Benefit of which is Jess general towards Wlinich nevertheless i have concurred with others to give Aid by donations of land. It is proposed to construct a Road in or through one of the new states in which this government possesses Large quantities of land. Have the United states no right As a great and untaxed proprietor Are they under go obligation to contribute to an object thus calculated to promote the common Good of All the proprietors themselves included and even with respect to education which is the extreme Case a let the question be considered. In the first place As we have seen it was made matter of compact with these states that they should do to Weir part to promote education. In the next place our whole system of land Laws proceeds on the idea that education is for the a common Good because in every division a certain portion is uniformly reserved and appropriated for the use of schools. And finally have not these new states singularly Strong claims founded on the ground already stated that the government is a great untaxed proprietor in the ownership of the soil. It is a consideration of great importance that Proba a Bly there is in no part of the country or of the world so great a Call for the Means of education As in those new states owing to the vast numbers of persons within those Ages in which education and instruction Are usually received if received at All. This is the natural consequence of recency of settlement and rapid increase. The census of these Stales shows Bow great a proportion of the whole population occupies the classes Between infancy and manhood. These Are the wide Fields and Here is the deep and Quick soil for the seeds of knowl the Senate that he has entirely failed and As far As this debate has shown the Only person \ Edge and virtue and this is the favored season who has advanced such sentiments is a gentle j the Spring time for sowing them. Let them be Man from South Carolina and a Friend to the disseminated without stint. Let them be scat honourable member himself. The honourable j tired with a Bountiful Broad cast. Whates gentleman has Given no answer to this there is i or the government can fairly do towards these none which can be Given. The simple fact objects in my opinion ought to be done while it requires no comment to enforce it de these sir Are the grounds succinctly stated fies All argument to refute it. I could refer to on which my votes for Grants of lands for Par the speeches of another Southern gentleman i titular objects rest while i maintain at the in years before of the same general character j same time that it is All a common fund for the and to the same effect As that which has been common Benefit. And reasons like these i quoted but i will not consume the time of the presume have influenced the votes of other Senate by the Reading of them. So then sir new England is guiltless of the gentlemen from new England. Those who have a different View of the Powers of the gov policy of retarding Western population and i eminent of course come to different Conlu of All envy and jealousy of the growth of the i on. On these As on other questions. I of new states. Whatever there be of Shaffa his ii speaking on this subject before by in the country no part of it is her s. If it a Quot a Quot looked to any measure whether for has a local habitation the honourable member i anal or any thing else intended for has probably seen by this time where he is to i the improvement of the West it would be found look for it and if it now has a name he has it if the sew England ayes were struck out himself christened it. We approach at length sir to a More important part of the honorable gentleman s observations. Since it does not Accord with my of the lists of votes the Southern noes would always have rejected the measure. The truth of this has not been denied and cannot be denied. In stating this i thought it just to ascribe it to the constitutional scruples of the views of Justice and policy to give away the i of Threath rih no he yes it pubic lands altogether As Mere matter of Gra charitable cause. But no sooner had Tufty i am asked by the honorable gentleman j a a a a a al i us Suu Iier Riidu on what ground it is that i consent to vote them j lir if i run a h a a Quot a Quot e gentleman Inin. Reproach my and his friends with away in particular instances How he inquires do i reconcile with these professed sentiments my support of measures appropriating portions of the lands to particular roads particular canals particular Rivers and particular institutions of education in the West this leads sir to the real and wide difference in political opinions Between the honorable Gen their constitutional scruples sir i reproach nobody. I stated a fact and gave the most respectful reason for it that occurred to me. The gentleman cannot deny the fact he May. If he choose disclaim the reason. It is not Long since i had occasion in presenting a petition from his own state to account for its being entrusted to my hands by saying that the Moore As his successor to the Council of state and taken his audience of leave. It had indeed been noised after the recall of Gen h. Was at Bogota and before or. Moore arrived that Gen. Jackson was Riend of Bolivar and that Gen. H. Had been recalled because a was Bolivar s enemy. And immediately after or. Moore entered upon the discharge of Hie. Duties the officers and friends of Bolivar were not at All backward in making Public these representations. Leave Boig i m Tow Roeii Sec. 4. No person not regularly licensed to practice Medicine in this state nor being a licensed practitioner in an adjoining state in which he resides nor at the passage of this act a resident practitioner of Medicine of this state shall be entitled after one year from the passage of this act to recover any thing by Law for Medicine and professional services As a physician or surgeon nor shall any person not a member of a District medical society or practising physician at the time of Leman and myself. On my it i look upon ? Thi Gofman and All these objects As connected with the com i a a to Ana Mon Good fairly embraced in its objects and i them from supporting it. Sir did i state this As matter of reproach far from it. Did i attempt to find any other cause than an honest one for these scruples sir i did not. It did not become me to doubt nor to insinuate that the gentleman had either changed his sentiments or that he had made up a set of constitutional opinions accommodated to any particular combination of political occurrences. Had i done so i should have Felt that while i was entitled to Little respect in thus questioning other people s motives i justified the whole world in suspect ing my own. But How has the gentleman returned this respect for other s opinions his own Candor and Justice How have they been exhibited towards the motives of others while he has been at so much pains to maintain what nobody has disputed the purity of his own Why sir he has asked waen and How and in ii new England votes were found going for measures favourable to the West he has demanded to be informed whether All this did not begin in 1825, and while the election of i president was still pending ? sir to these ques i tons retort would be justified and it is both i cogent and at hand. Nevertheless i will answer the inquiry not by retort its terms he on the contrary deems them All if Good at All Only local Good. This is our difference. The interrogatory which he proceeded to pot at once explains this difference. Quot what interest Quot asks he Quot has South Carolina in a canal in Ohio Quot sir this very question is full of significance. It develops the gentleman s whole political system and its answer expounds mine. Here we differ Lota Coceto. I look upon a Road Over the Alleghany a canal a round the Falls of the Ohio or a canal or railway from the Atlantic to the Western Waters As being objects Large and extensive enough to be fairly said to be for the common Benefit. The gentleman thinks otherwise and this is the key to open his construction of the Powers of the government. He May Well ask upon his system what interest has South Carolina in a canal in Ohio ? on that system it is True she has no interest. On that system Ohio and Carolina Are different governments and different countries connected Here it is True by some slight and ill defined Bond of Union but in All main respects separate and diverse. On that system Carolina has no More interest in a canal in Ohio than in Mexico. The gentleman therefore Only follows out his own Princi indeed before Gen. H. Left Bogota the j taking effect of this act recover any Bolivar party openly urged it As one thing for medical counsel after the reason Why their master should be expiration of one year from the Pas crowned that the measure was Approv-1 Sage of this act provided that Noth de by Gen. Jackson who had deter l ing in this act shall be so construed As mined to take the same course in the j to affect the right of females to prac United states at the end of his term Tice midwifery or apothecaries or of four years. Ridiculous As All this May sound to american ears and ignorant As it Speaks Many of the officers and partisans of Bolivar to be it is nevertheless True. And in conversation with americans they even went so far As to laugh at them for their credulity in asserting that Gen. Jackson neither could nor would do any such a thing. The effect of All this however has been seen in the treatment which Gen. H. Received at the hands of the government and the Bolivar party after the arrival of or. Moore. He was accused of interfering with the politics of the country of fomenting disaffection against Bolivar of plotting with the unfortunate Cordova and of be ing engaged in a plot to assassinate the British minister and the whole colombian Council of state while at the same time so scrupulous had he been in his Demeanour that he had not interchanged even the customary civilities with gentlemen of the Liberal party so necessary was it to avoid giving offence on the one hand or endangering the lives and Liberty of those unfriendly to the views of Bolivar on the other. Others not professing to prescribe or practice Medicine from Selling Medicine and recovering payment therefor. This act shall take effect and be in Force from and after its passage. A Printer s argument. A subscriber to one of the Eastern papers a few years ago being sadly in arrears for the same promised the editor that if his life was spared to a certain Day he would without fail discharge his Bill. The Day passed and the Bill was not paid. The natural conclusion therefore was that the Man was dead absolutely defunct. Proceeding on this conclusion the editor in his next paper placed the name of the delinquent under his obituary head with the attending circumstances of the time and place. Pretty soon after this announcement the subject of it appeared to the editor not with the Pale ghastly countenance usually ascribed to apparitions but with a face As red As Scarlet. Neither did it like other apparitions wait to be first spoken to but broke silence with Quot what the Devil sir did you mean by publishing my death Quot Quot Why air the same that i mean when i publish but by facts. I pies he does no More than arrive at the Natu a Quot no Roll nne Quot Quot Tal conclusions of his own doctrines he Only an Vosh to he a we f Quot of ounces the True results of that Creed which he i l so ill i Jav f has adopted himself and would persuade of Jawnni thers to adopt when he thus declares that ii Outh i Ison of 7 ? a proline has of interest in a Public work in o slew be Quot a a or z Hio. Sir we narrow minded people of new al al England do not reason thus. Our things is entirely different. We look stat snot As separated but As United. We in to Quot. Love to dwell on that Union and on the Mutu of Quot al happiness which it is s o much promoted in inn of and new eng Nunn flip principles in All these leading measures u i we a should not be pardoned were i to go Over that and the common renown which it has so greatly contributed to acquire. In our contemplation Carolina and Ohio Are parts of the same Coti try states United under the same general government having interests common associated intermingled. In whatever is within the proper sphere of the constitutional Power of this government we look upon the states As one. We do not impose geographical limits to our patriotic feeling or regard we do not follow Rivers and mountains and lines of latitude to find boundaries beyond which Public improvements do not Benefit us. We who come Here As ascents and representatives of those narrow minded and selfish men of new England consider ourselves As bound to regard with equal Eye the Good of the whole in whatever is within our Power of legislation. Sir if a rail Road or a canal beginning in South Carolina and ending in South Carolina appeared to me to be of National importance and National magnitude believing As i do that the Power of the government extends to the encouragement of works of that Descry fiction if i were to stand up Here and ask what interest has Massachusetts in a rail Road in South Carolina i should not be willing to face my constituents. These same narrow minded men would Tell to that they had sent me to act for the whole country and that one who possessed too Little comprehension either of intellect or feeling one who was not Large enough in mind and heart to embrace the whole was not fit to be entrusted with the interest of any port. Sir i do not desire to enlarge the Powers of the government by unjustifiable construction nor to exercise any not within a fair interpretation. But when it is believed that a Power does exist then it is in my judgment to be exorcised for the general Benefit of the whole so far As respects the exercise of such a Power tie states Are one. It was the very object of the Constitution to create Unity of interests to the extent of the Powers of the general government. In War and peace we Are one in Commerce one because the authority of the general government reaches to War and peace and to the regulation of Commerce. I have never seen my More difficulty in erecting Light Housos on the lakes this kind designed for Western improvement has depended on the votes of new England All this is True beyond the Power of contradiction. And now sir there Are two measures to which i will refer not so ancient As to belong to the Early history of the Public lands and not so recent As to be on this Side of the period when the gentleman charitably imagines a Neil a direction May have been Given to new England feeling and new England votes. These measures and the new England votes in support of them May be taken As Sample and specimens of All the rest. In 1820, observe or. President in 1820, the people of the West Besought Congress for a reduction in the Price of lands. In favor of that reduction new England with a delegation of forty members in the other House gave thirty three votes and one Only against it. The four Southern states with fifty members gave thirty two votes for it and seven against it. Again in 1821, observe again sir the time the Law passed for the Relief of the purchasers of the Public lands. This was a measure of vital importance to the West and More especially to the South West. It authorized the relinquishment of contracts for lands which had been entered into at High prices and a reduction in other cases of not less than 37 1-2 per cent on the Purchase Money. Marty millions of dollars six or seven i believe at least probably much More were relinquished by this Law. On this Bill new England with her forty members gave More affirmative votes than the four Southern states with their fifty two or three members. These two Are far the most important measures respecting the Public lands which have been a adopted within it he last Twenty years they took place in 1820 and i8i2l. Liat is the time when. And As to the manner How the gentleman al Reacy sees that it was by voting in solid column fur the required Relief and lastly As to the cause i Tell the gentleman it was because the members from new engl fad thought the Mensaros just and salutary because they entertained towards the West Wither envy hatred or malice because la amp a deemed it becoming them As just and in Light
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