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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - March 10, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana journal. A Aina to Kuulii Indianapolis wednesday March 10, 1830. Vol. Vii. No. 359. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Term. Seventy five cents during the session of the legislature. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three doll amp is at the end of the year. A advertisements inserted at the usual terms. From the Cincinnati chronicle. The following narrative possesses Inch interest. It has been handed us for publication by a gentleman of this City in whose integrity we have entire Confidence. He states that he saw and conversed with Ash and made Many enquiries concerning him which leave no doubt of the truth of his history. It a adds another to the list of those strange and adventurous lives that have been of no infrequent occurrence in the Early settlement of the Western states. In travelling through the Western states i have heard and seen a few things which i have deemed Worth recording. In another journal of this City i have published some of them the following if you think proper i will thank you to insert in the chronicle. The individual whose Story is Given below i met in the state of Indiana and Learned by Mere Accident that his life had been somewhat Peculiar. He,.at first refused to give me his history and i had to use some address in order to Over ome his reluctance. To March. Go examination it was found that three fires or Camps consisting of fifty Votaw Ottamies bad deserted us. We marched till we got within sight of the fires of St. Clair. Then Gen. Blue jacket began to talk and to sing a hymn As indians sing hymns. Here the narrator mentioned some ceremony that i did not Well understand the fight commenced and continued for an hour or More when the indians retreated. As they were leaving the ground a chief by the name of Black fish ran in among them and with the voice of Thunder asked them what they were doing where they were going and who had Given them orders to Retreat this caused a halt and he proceeded in a Strain of the most impassioned eloquence to exhort them to courage and to deeds of daring and concluded with saying what the deter mation of others might be he knew not but for himself his deter mation was to conquer or die. You who Are like minded follow me and they raised the War whoop which is Quot i be conquer or die Quot the attack was most impetuous and the carnage for a few moments shocking. Many of the indians threw away their guns leaped in among the americans and did the butchery with the tomahawks. In a few moments the americans gave Way the indians took Possession of the Camp and the artillery spiked the it was with Manifest repugnance that i he entered upon the relation pleaded Quot if i of in haste and finally left me unsatisfied Quot �r., a. As to some parts. Gentlemen present assured me that i had been particularly fortunate that they had never known him so communicative on these subjects before but that i might in their opinion place implicit Reliance on his statements As his character for veracity was fair. I will Endeavor to give his narrative As nearly in his own words As my memory assisted by a few Hasty notes will enable me. Story of George Ash. Quot my father John Ash was one of the earliest emigrants to Kentucky and settled near Bardstown Nelson w Wiki a a the was county Many Miles irom any other the retreating army Many Miles. Eleven Hundred americans were left dead on the Field. The number of indians killed together with those who afterwards died of their wounds a mounted to Only in this Battle a Ball passed through the Back of Ash s neck and left a scar which he showed me. He fell and says his recollection returned while an Indian was carrying him away on his Back. Many years after he ascertained that he had a brother in St. Clair s army who was killed in this Battle. Who can say that he did not direct the Ball that did the fatal work for All who White settlement. In the month of March 1780, when i was about ten years of age we were attacked by the Shawnee indians a part of the family was killed the rest taken prisoners. We were separated from each other and excepting a younger sister who was taken by the same party that had me in Possession i saw none of my family for seventeen years. My sister was Small they carried her two or three Days but she cried and gave them trouble and they Tom hawked and scalped her and left her lying on the ground. I was after this transferred from one family to another several times and treated harshly and called a Quot White dog Quot till at length i was domesticated in a family and considered a member of it. After this my treatment was like that of other Chil not a Man to be Idle in Battle. Quot after this Battle i started with eight others on an embassy to the Creek nation. Our object was to renew the Friendly relations Between that nation and our own tribe and two of our number were regularly accredited ambassadors for that purpose. We made a visit of a year and were successful in the objects of our Mission. The nations North of the Ohio were desirous of strengthening themselves against the Whites by foreign alliances. While we were absent our tribe had had a Battle with the Whites near fort Hamilton. The american army was commanded i think by Gen. Bradley. After our return Wayne came out against us with 8,000 men. We sent out runners to All nations to collect together warriors and soon an Ardren of the tribe. The shawnees at Quot of to Hundred men were in the this time lived on the big Miami 20 a marched on to meet Miles above Dayton. Here we continued until Gen. Clark came out and attacked us and Burnt our town. We. It Hen removed t03t. Mary a and continued there Abonit two Jears. After this we removed to fort Wayne on the Maumee. Here we were attacked by Gen. Harmer. We then removed to the a Glaze River and continued there some years. While Here. Wayne who then Lay at fort recovery. We took one of Wayne s spies in our March a Chickasaw. He was taken to the Indian army that he might give us some account of Wayne s movements but the indians were so enraged at him for his treachery that they fell upon him in the midst of his narrative and killed him. Our army was then in great want of provisions. Chippeway indians Cut him up Gen. St. Clair came out against us. J j i. At c rat u j j a a a fia., j roasted and ate him. Near in Ort Lle eight Hundred and atty warriors went i i. R a a a out to meet him and on their Way a by be Ameri were joined by fifty Kickapoo. The f a Quot Quot get them without two armies met about two hours be Success and returned be Sunset. When the indians were i to towns and within about half a mile of St. Clair a Quot three Hundred warriors could be Wii Iii a. A i mustered to meet him. We went out the spies came running Back to us and we stopped. We concluded of j encamp it was too Lafe they said to begin the Quot play Quot they would defer the sport till next morning. Gen. Blue jacket was our after dark he called All the chiefs a round him to listen to what he had to our fathers said he used to do As we now do our tribes used to fight other tribes they could Trust to their own strength and their numbers but in this conflict we have no such Reliance our Power and our numbers Bear no comparison to those of our enemy and we can do nothing unless assisted by Bur great father above. I Pray now continued Blue jacket raising his eyes to heaven that he will be with us to night and it was now snowing that to Morrow he will cause the Sun to Shine out Clear upon us and we will take it As a Token of Good and we shall conquer Blue Achcet appears to have been a priest As Well As a Warrior. Upon this Point i intended to make some inquiries but had not an Opportunity. A a about an hour before Day orders were Given for every Man to be ready these Battles were fought near fort Wayne and the places where they were fought Are not More than five Miles from each other. The indians were in effect conquered and the War ended. Gen. Blue jacket that Winter hoisted the Flag of truce and marched into Greenville to treat with we Are All familiarly acquainted with the history of these Indian wars of the Gallant but unfortunate St. Clair a and of the chivalrous and successful Wayne. This for aught i know is the first Indian account of these transactions that has appeared and if it is Correct and i have abundant reason to think it is it must go at learn to diminish our censure of St. Clair if it does not detract from the credit of Wayne. St. Clair suffered himself to be surprised by the indians in their own territory a fault which Washington thought admitted of no excuse besides his army exceeded the enemy s in numbers. But when we take into consideration his ignorance of Indian warfare and that he had to fight them in their own wilds we must acknowledge the disparity was not very great. By their own shewing likewise their army consisted of nearly a thousand men and such men As Are not easily conquered by any Force for their motto was Quot we conquer or Ash had now been with the indians seventeen years he had Long since identified himself with them spoke their language perfectly and almost forgotten his own and had adopted their dress and All their modes of life. His right ear is fixed in a Peculiar manner for the purpose of wearing jewels. The Edge of the ear about a third of an Inch deep is Cut off excepting at the ends where the ear joins the this rim hangs Down on the face and serves As a kind of Loop. The parting Gristle of the nose is perforated there is likewise a Hole in his left ear. I made some inquiries As to his painting. He said he painted and wore about a Hundred dollars Worth of Silver in ornaments when he visited the ladies. In his nose he wore three Silver crosses and seven half Moons valued from five to six dollars each. And As he proceeded to describe his decorations for these excursions of gallantry and the reception he met with i could no but reflect upon the effect which ornament has with the fair in All Ages and among All nations. Quot after peace Quot he proceeded Quot i told the indians i wished to go to the White settlements and see if any of my family were living. They at first made objections but finally consented and in full dress with a Good horse a Good gun and a Good Bunting dog i started for fort Pitt. After travelling alone fourteen Days in the wilderness i arrived at my place of destination. I there found a brother and Learned that my father was still living in Kentucky. After staying sometime at fort Pitt i was employed by a gentleman As a guide through the wilderness to Detroit. When we arrived in the neighbourhood of Detroit i told my employer he might go on and that i would spend the Winter among the indians with my wife for i had taken a wife before i left them. He called for me in the Spring and we returned to fort Pitt together. I there sold my horse and proceeded Down the Ohio River in a boat with the intention of visiting my father. I arrived at his House in the night called him up and requested entertainment for the night. He said he denied such a request to no Man whoever he might be but evidently was not much pleased with my appearance for i was still in my Indian dress and could speak but a few words of English. He paid me but Little attention gave a servant some orders about my lodging and was about retiring to bed when i Drew him into a conversation by asking some questions about his family. I asked him if he had not a son George Many years before taken by the indians he replied that he had that he had Learned that he was in St. Clair s defeat and that he was killed. I assured him that the report was incorrect and that i knew something of his son. He asked with eagerness where he was. I replied he now stands before you. He looked at me with searching scrutiny for a few moments and commenced pacing the room. He walked up and Down the room for two hours before he uttered another syllable. Would you know your brother Henry said he at last if you should see him i told him no for he was a Mere infant when i went away. He thought i should and though late in the night Rode several Miles to bring him. In this part of the narration i perceived that Ash s eyes grew moist and that his voice was husky. He Rose to depart but by some entreaty he was induced to return and continue Bis tale. Quot my father Quot said he Quot had become wealthy possessing negroes and Fine horses in abundance but my Mother was dead and m father had married a second wife who was not backward in letting me know that that was no place for me. I started again for the Indian country crossed the Ohio and pitched my Camp on the spot where my House now stands on the Bank of the Ohio exactly opposite the Mouth of the Kentucky. After Hunting for some time i determined to make another visit to my red Brethren and a Friend gave me a horse to ride. I found them preparing a deputation for their great father the president and nothing would do but that 1 should make one of the party. With a number of chiefs i set out for Philadelphia and after visiting the president and All the great people there and by them no doubt thought a very Good Indian i returned to my old Camp where 1 now live. As a Corpen Saigon for my services in this Mission the indians granted me a tract of land opposite the Mouth of the Kentucky four Miles in length on the River and one mile Back. When the territory was ceded to the United states the indians neglected to Reserve my Grant. I had cultivated some parts of my land and it was Worth More than the government Price. It was offered for Sale and i petitioned Congress to secure to me what was in fact my own. They denied me the request but permitted me to Purchase As much As i could at the government Price. I had considered myself Rich in land but i was poor in Cash and my do main was reduced to about two Hundred acres. On this i have lived Ever since and this completes the history of George Ash is about six feet in height of Light complexion with a Fine Blue Eye and in the Days of his prime might have exhibited All the symmetry and Fine proportions of a Well made Indian. He evidently has Felt and still cherishes a Strong prejudice in favor of the Indian character and manners. Til within the last fifteen years he generally wore his jewels and Indian ornaments. This perhaps contributed to produce the prejudice and suspicions which existed against him during the late War and before that time. Suspicions were entertained that he was someway concerned with the indians in the massacre of the Pigeon Roost. About that time a woman passed through the settlements who had been scalped and report said that Ash in his Indian Days had done the deed. His neighbors however informed me that those prejudices and suspicions have died away. Ash has Long supported a fair character is a member of the methodist Church and considered a Good Christian. If the Reade. Of this narrative finds As much satisfaction in the perusal As i did in hearing it i shall be amply compensated for my trouble. A stranger in the West. From the Western times. The St. Joseph country. A letter to the editor from an esteemed Friend who has resided some time on the St. Joseph near the line Between Indiana and Michigan t. Gives the following interesting account of the country which May be relied on As Correct a Quot that part of this country which has been offered for Sale has been much of it purchased perhaps the most desirable situations though Many very excellent locations May yet be made. Settlers Here have mostly chosen the Prairies and filled up or Are fast filling them up one after another and in their eagerness to obtain this kind of land have overlooked the advantages held out by that which is not less Fertile but heavily timbered. The facility with which Prairies May be converted into farms is the inducement though All must admit they have their disadvantages Jet they Are a real Benefit to a new country As Well As beautifies for by their exuberant and ready Fertility the necessaries of life Are soon rendered abundant for the accommodation of a fast accumulating population Juch a country the increase of pop in is easily perceptible. Is Ozo Why ride Over a verdant. And a earful Prairie and Admire its native beauties in a very few months we May see the same Prairie parcelled out into farms smiling with the russet Corn and teeming with the Busy Husbandman and grazing Herd. Such transitions have taken place on almost All the considerable Prairies of this country. When i moved Here As i passed Over Elkhart Prairie one of the Best and prettiest i Ever saw a solitary family had just encamped in its Edge and were Felling the Trees for the first Cabin. Within one year 40 or 50 families had made it their Home had raised a very Large Quantity of Corn and have sown so much wheat As already to be talking of flouring it and seeking through the lakes the new York Market. And yet All this has been on land owned by Congress. On that which has been sold settlement has rapidly progressed and the permanent improvements consequent upon ownership. After the Prairies Are filled up emigrants will find Many Superior situations in what we Here Call the thick Woods which Are generally very Fertile timbered with useful Wood and when cleared will have a most kind and inviting soil for tillage. Health is a Blessing which this country appears to enjoy above most other new countries to which Public attention is now directed and where other advantages Are equal must give this a decided preference. During the late summer and fall or. Lyon a very intelligent Surveyor of this territory surveyed the triangular tract of land which includes the town site at the Routh of the River and which it tas purchased of the Indi ans in sept. 1828. This tract lies Between the St. Joseph Lake Michigan and the Indiana state line and contains about 300 Square much of the land is excellent Well timbered rolling and irrigated by a great Many Little streams. The River Gallien runs through it and enters Lake Michigan about 3 Miles n. Of the Indiana line is navigable about four Miles and above is a Good Mill Stream. There is much Good Timber land on it. Pine Creek a rather sluggish Stream enters the St. Joseph two Miles and a half from its Mouth and has on its Banks considerable Pine Timber and the Creek is represented of sufficient size for Mills. The Banks of Lake Michigan within this Survey Are generally Sandy from 30 to 70 feet High and present from the Lake a peculiarly sterile appearance. This Survey with a number of others now in Progress both in Indiana and Michigan will probably be offered for Sale in june next and there can be no doubt that it will present Many inducements to those who wish to remove to a new country. Its proximity to the town that must grow up at the Mouth of the St. Joseph is a great our country presents a curious spectacle at the present time one which has often attracted the ridicule of the superficial and the admiration of the philosophic traveller. Throughout almost its whole extent men of every calling the ignorant and the Well informed have forsaken their Ordinary occupation and engaged in the work of making Laws. The Congress of the nation is assembled at the capital of the Union the Legislatures of Maine Massachusetts new York new Jersey Delaware Pennsylvania Maryland Ohio Kentucky Indiana and North Carolina Are in session in these several states from every Quarter we receive messages reports of committees and reports of debates. We cannot estimate the numbers engaged in this work but it is not unreasonable to suppose that a Large proportion have not passed through any previous training or discipline. Is legislation then so simple and intelligible an affair that one May successfully perform his part without preparatory study or reflection what is legislation it is a moral science comprising All the relations of rulers and ruled. It regulates the limits of authority and obedience prescribes the Mode of administration the functions of magistrates and the rights of the citizen the extent of the sacrifices necessary for the maintenance of order and Tranquility the nature of the penalties required to enforce it. It ascertains the duties arising out of the marriage contract establishes the right of property and provides the Means of ensuring to society collectively As Well As to individuals the free exercise of whatever is permitted. So Noble and vast a science is legislation and the excellence of any system depends on the degree of accuracy with which it defines the objects within its scope and on its conformity with the habits and character of the people for whose use it is destined. Surely the right understanding amp the right application of the principles of a science of such extent Are not discoverable by intuition and we have presented this View with the desire of exciting All who Are ambitious of Public honors to the efforts necessary to the acquisition of even moderate Eminence. In our country a careful study of the constitutions of the Union and the states and such an acquaintance with the proper construction of them As a moderate knowledge of our history will furnish and a habit of observation on the wants and relations of society will enable one to perform his duties without committing essential errors. To this labor we Hope Many will willingly devote themselves assured that their Reward will be ample in the gratitude and happiness of their . W. Journal. At a certain age experience removes the Bandage which has hitherto prevented us from seeing this is done by degrees the illusion does not vanish All at once but grows weaker and at length wholly disappears. Fatigued by a vain Chase Aftergood through tortuous path8, with both thorns and Flowers along which the impulse of example and the fever of the passions hurry our Steps we pause and soon we Recal to our recollection a straight and even path not before tried that of repose we seek it find it follow it and attain our object. Such is the usual Progress of human life and the habit of achieving great things does not make us cease to be men. L. J. De Bourdon Conde
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