Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
3 Mar 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
3 Mar 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - March 3, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana Indiana Journa v of. , wednesday March 3, 1830. No. 358. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Term. Seventy five cents during the session of the legislature. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual ovation delivered in Indianapolis on the 22d instant before the Indianapolis legislature on the occasion of the Celebration of the birth of Washington at the request of a committee of arrangement by Samuel Merrill Esq. In celebrations like the present it is usually expected that the occasion to be commemorated should be the principal subject for discussion. This course the speaker would now pursue \ did he not feel his incapacity to in a spire in this audience higher sentiments of gratitude and veneration than the Mere mention of the name ofwashingt9sr is calculated to excite. Oiher heroes and patriots have been indebted in part for their Fame to the Talent of the eulogist. Other eras important when they occurred might have been forgotten but for the custom of observing them and on most other similar occasions the Field is still open for Novelty. But in relation to Washington it May be proudly said of his countrymen that their earliest recollections Are connected with his Fame and that maturity of judgment Only increases their admiration. Industry would be exerted in vain to discover novel or unknown circumstances in his life and hat which is most interesting in itself can derive title Aid from the Art of the poet and the orator. So often has the theme of the Day been displayed in the Nur Sery by the fire Side in Field and in Hall that the speaker it is hoped May be excused for digressing from it More widely than is usual and if he shall be a Able to select interesting topics the attempt will not be unworthy of him whose life was identified with the Wel. Fare of his species. In recurring to an important Era it is natural to inquire what changes have taken place Bei Veen that time and the present. Let it then be the object of the evening briefly to contrast these periods and to Point out such further improvements As the Well directed spirit of the age should accomplish. For Many centuries preceding the Early part of the eight Ritli the habits and feelings of what was then termed the civilized world were military. War was esteemed the Only honorable Trade and Universal Empire the Only object wort i of attainment. For this the 3d Edward and 5th Henry of England. Charles and Philip of Spain is Louis 14th of France in different Ages shed seas of blood Only to find disaster and distress the result of their most Brilliant achievements. Uniform experience at length seemed to convince the statesman of the Folly of Conquest and for a time his highest object was merely to regulate Quot the balance of a diplomatic age succeeded the military and the artful politician usurped the place of the Warrior. Such was the period when a venal Walpole ruled the destinies of England a feeble Regency succeeded the magnificent Louis weakness and Folly presided at the escorial a ind the once patriotic Hollander exceeded in the Pursuit of gain his former exertions for glory. A Century since and it was said that every member of the British parliament had his Price. Though this May seem exaggeration for there were Bright exceptions yet we shall look in vain to find among their statesmen an exiled Marcellus enjoying As real respect As a triumphant Cassar. Defeat and disgrace were synonymous a for virtue alone like aut seus of old acquires fresh vigor from misfortune. There was however in the Early part of the eighteenth Century a Constellation of literary Talent connected with moral Worth which has Seldom been surpassed in the history of the world. Then for the first time the lights of science shone beyond the Circle of the select few who had hitherto engrossed her favors. It was reserved for the authors of the Tatlor and Spectator to give to Public opinion a name and a moral weight which has Ever since gone on increasing in Energy. While Swift and Pope and Gay reformed the Public taste and manners to Addison Steele Berkely and Johnson was allowed the More glorious task of extending the influence and enlarging the usefulness of moral science. But what was then feeble has now become efficient and is ruling the destinies of nations. Public Opi Niort has set Bounds beyond which even the muscovite crowned with Victory would not pass it has disarmed persecution i a it has abolished the slave Trade it is attempting to compensate Africa for her Long arrear of injuries it is grappling with intemperance and we Trust it will go on till it tears the mask from the hypocrite enlightens and liberalized tile bigot and reforms the corrupt. The past Century has been not less auspicious to the arts than to the sciences. The application of the Power of steam has created a mighty revolution and the still rapidly increasing improvements Are convincing evidence that Quot knowledge is Power Quot and that the time is yet Remote when limits shall be set to human invention. If distress sometimes follows the sudden changes in the demand for labor and employment yet the horrors of famine and pestilence Are in a measure annihilated Commerce provides against the one and skill boldly assails the other. But in examining the improvements of the last Century to this audience the View of our own country must be the most interesting. Twelve feeble colonies then occupied a narrow space along the Atlantic with a population not exceeding half a million. Except on the Hudson and James Rivers the Interior had no where been penetrated by civilization More than one Hundred Miles. Without Intercourse or concert among the colonial governments no efficient Means existed to protect the settler against the incursions of the implacable Savage. The most discordant materials would seem to have been selected for planting the several colonies that their future Union might be rendered hopeless. The rigid Puritan occupied the Iron bound shores of new England new York and new Jersey contained a Motley mixture of different nations and religions the peaceful band of Penn held the Borders of the Delaware the catholics Maryland and Virginia and the Carolinas were cultivated mostly by fhe labor of slaves. In addition to the fierce nations of Savages that every where bordered the colonial settlements a cordon of posts was erected in their rear which was intended to arrest forever their Extension. The cunning Jesuit and Subtle Frenchman established themselves at every important Point Between Quebec and new Orleans and while they gave direction to Savage Malignity supplied the Means for rendering it efficient. The stations located at Niagara Detroit Vincennes and St. Louis evinced not less the skill of the Engineer than the discernment of the politician. That these colonies thus feeble and divided thus surrounded with difficulties and beset with dangers should in the lapse of a Century increase thirty fold in population and become free and Independent and prosperous be Ond All former example can be owing Only to him from whom Quot descends every Good and perfect to him let All the glory be Given but the instruments in his hands and the Means by which he chooses to act can never be unworthy the attention of those who would not live and die in vain. At a crisis when French domination was attempting to secure permanently the control of this vast Valley we first hear of the services of Washington. The Confluence of the Alleghany and Monongahela where Pittsburgh now stands had been seized and fortified with the intention of excluding the English colonies from All Access to the West. Washington yet a youth was aware of the consequence of the French encroachments but you All know too Well his Early labors a Long an exposed and suffering Frontier and in the disastrous defeat of Brad Dock to require their they earned for him Public Confidence they evinced his judgment of the value of what is now no mean portion of this Republic and that the morn of his life was not unworthy of the noon tide and even Itig effulgence. In exhibiting the character of Washington too much prominence is frequently Given to his abilities in the Field and the Cabinet while other qualities that essentially influenced his career Are passed in silence. But let it never be forgotten that the unwavering Reliance of his countrymen in his High minded Honor disinterestedness and deep sense of Justice alone enabled him to continue Onward that March which adversity and misfortunes unaccounted for must have otherwise interrupted. To these traits of character was Washington indebted for his uniform popularity and the Bright example it is hoped will Long retain its influence on future statesmen. Such qualities connected with talents must always secure the Confidence of the Public whenever they Are not influenced by artificial excitements. The course pursued in this discus Sion naturally leads to the inquiry How we shall Best improve the Means within our reach for our own happiness and the future Good and glory of our country. The rapid changes that have been briefly referred to Are Strong inducements to action. If we look a round us we shall see that if we merely pause we shall soon be outstripped by others. Improvement will go on elsewhere though we should arrest its Progress where our influence extends. One politician will Tell us that the Light to the soil of the state claimed and exercised by the general government is inconsistent with our sovereignty and destructive to our Prosperity and that therefore the land must be ours. Others complain that the claims of the indians Are injurious to our rights As a state and that policy at All hazards demands their removal. To the advocates of the first doctrine it might be answered that if the right is undoubted or even Worth a serious examination Why not refer it at once to the proper Legal tribunals but if the land is claimed on other grounds than those of right we shall soon hear that one state claims the imposts another the tonnage duties and another the proceeds of the Post office and All Wriight no doubt soon convince themselves that these Are desirable objects. As to the expulsion of the indians from the soil they have immemorial by occupied to the disinterested there can be but one opinion. The athenians on one occasion refused to countenance for a moment a scheme of which it was said Quot that while nothing could be More advantageous to the Republic nothing could be More if such was the conduct of ambitious pagans Twenty four centuries since can it be seriously asked what Honor and Justice require of our countrymen under similar circumstances the powerful and unjust May talk of their claims and legislators May make their deductions but can republicans think of regulation where there is no consent to our Sway or of coercion where there is no Force to resist if there be a right and a wrong in human action and a god who judges the world How Idle must All reasoning be which is intended to subvert the foundations of Justice but can nothing be done without being unjust to the Federal government or merciless to the Indian can not Industry and Economy commence at Home and Lay Broad and deep foundations for usefulness can we not make Here what the produce of our country will not Purchase from other nations May not the fleeces of Spain and the flax of Ireland be produced on our own shores have we not the Means and the spirit to improve the minds of our sons and the Heads and hearts of our daughters Are we less Able than others to make roads and canals do our Public men uniformly manage their business so miserably that nothing should be entrusted to them which can be avoided Are taxes assessed Only to be wasted and can Public expenditure never be productive of general Good must our capital be useless and Are there none sufficiently honest and capable to manage it shall we be taxed by foreign Banks and have we More Confidence Nistran Gerthan incur fellow citizens if none of these questions can be answered honorable to us How worthless would be the Domain of the West and the privilege of adding new sufferings and additional wretchedness to the uncomplaining Indian but it is hoped and believed that our subjects of complaint Are rather imaginary than real. Our afflictions Are not occasioned by famine or pestilence fatigue or danger oppression or privation. Such evils might admit of remedy for to Brave and Resolute almost every thing is possible but the misery of abundance the pain of idleness the plague of luxury amp the desire for too much of the world s goods Are it is to be feared incurable. No legislature can provide that each citizen shall own All the land around him or that the Money paid from his purse shall leave it no lighter. Our country is however still a Good country and let those who love it not seek a Home elsewhere but such of us As have found objects of attachment not inferior in our opinion to those of other climes will not rashly Exchange real Good for Uncertain and Remote possibilities. It should always be recollected that Little can be done in life without labor. The scholar who toils not Over the Midnight lamp the lawyer who learns Only impudence the Parson who derives his religion from the Shibboleth of his sect and the doctor who is taught Medicine at a steam engine will if they arrive to the autumn of life find themselves like the Farmer who has neglected Hia Corn Field. E Ven this legislature May learn that it will require study and care to Render their enactments of advantage but if our deliberations Are conducted with prudence if it be our aim to elicit interesting discussions if ill humor and party spirit can be excluded from our assemblies we May improve ourselves even though the world should refuse to be governed by our Laws. Let Reform commence at Home and when we find that we Are wasting neither time nor Money we can then associate with reasonable Hopes of a useful result. Truth Justice and prudence Are in politics May it be said without irreverence the Rock on which the Rains and the winds and the Waves shall beat in vain. Agricultural societies composed of industrious and economical Farmers would enlighten and liberalize each other improve the Quality of Grain fruit grass Timber and Stock acquire a knowledge of the Best markets the most profitable productions the cheapest and Best modes of preparing houses barns fences and tools and their periodical meetings would furnish desirable opportunities for the seller and purchaser of useful productions. Associations of skillful mechanics would diffuse amongst All spoke until he was satisfied that he wag fully understood and then he left Hia arguments to work out their proper effect without showing any anxiety for himself or them perhaps there never was a Man who spoke so often that spoke so much to the purpose As or. Madison. His eloquence was one of those deep silent regular flowing Rivers that has no Narrows Shoals cataracts but winds its Way with peace and dignity to the Ocean. He possessed such an equanimity of temper that he was always ready for debate and always acquitted himself Well and if he did not Rise so High in his eloquence at times As those who wait for inspiration he never like them was liable to disappoint his hearers by inane voices when the spirit ceased to agitate them. Or. Madison is still living the Nestor among orators. Alexander Elo Nence of Alexander Hamilton differed from All the preceding orators we have named. He arose deeply impressed with his subject and often in the outset seemed a Little agitated a slight tinge of modesty crossed Hia Cheek but it was Only the fear of himself the Only fear a Man of Genius and learning can Ever have when he is the knowledge of each and they might master of his subject. He made As Hope not to be unworthy co Peers of i few Points in his Case As Posi Ible Sfax Arkwright and Fulton and Perkins sgd these in a Clear and forcible Man who will be remembered when the vie-1 nor and spread them before the As Tor at Waterloo is forgotten. Mutual j Sembly court or jury with great per Confidence inspired by Correct habits a Pic pity and elegance. He never de and attention to business would Lead scented below the dignity of argument to the formation of Road canal and j to catch popular applause nor even manufacturing companies which should suffered himself to be borne away from ask no other Aid than the Blessing of he course of his reasoning by Irurita god upon honest exertions. Tion and passion. There was temper societies of professional men should Ance method and judgment in All Hia unite for the purpose of increasing speeches and when he closed there their respectability and usefulness for Vas nothing to mend and but Little to virtue unsocial and retiring like the add. But the great Charm of his Elo lamp concealed under the Bushel loses Nence after All was the conviction in More than half its value. Were it not. Very mind of the speaker s sincerity Quot for the monkish habits of the intelligent the Windy demagogue and Patent quack would More often meet the Success they deserve. But amongst the crowds who have appeared on this occasion i see placed on my right hand by the order of this legislature their first and their present governor. To you gentlemen belongs the singular Honor of fulfilling All the duties imposed by the Constitution under which you were elected. You have not trafficked for offices you have not appointed the unworthy nor Pardon there was a window in his breast and All the pulses of his heart were distinctly seen beating in the regular movements of Honor. His eloquence was fascinating As Well As commanding his person was not Large but dignified and Graceful. The Compass of his voice was extensive its tones were not loud nor voc iterating but his enunciation was so Clear that he had the advantage Over Many in the largest assemblies whose lungs were much stronger than his. No one however might be his Grade of intellect Ever de the guilty and you have Well earn heard him without Deli it and de the salaries you have received from your admiring constituents. May your future lives be As Happy As the past has been honorable and May other elections to More dignified offices if such there be Bear witness to the discernment of this legislature. From Knapp s lectures on american literature. Eloquent americans. Patrick Henry a Patrick Henry of Virginia was a natural orator As some gifted speakers Are called a those eloquence seems spontaneous and is impassioned and free from the trammels of rules. It is said that he was a self educated Man whose manner was his own and was blessed with the Power of utterance beyond most of those who had been taught in the Groves of the Academy. He Felt deeply and made others feel. His flashes of eloquence gave an electric Shock to the audience and these were managed with great skill and repeated at his will or by some sudden transition he let Down no Good judge without feeling that he had been listening to a Gene Leman a scholar and a Patriot of Well As a orator. He died in the prime of manhood and the tears of his friends and political enemies trickled together on his grave As a tribute to the mighty dead. Gouverneur Morris was a splendid orator. His mind was prolific his fancy a cursive and his information extensive. He had read books attentively but men More thoroughly. He was Well acquainted with French literature and the academicians and had caught something of their animation and literary Fervour. His figures were Beautiful his sentimental touches delicate and thrilling. No orator Ever made a More successful lunge at the heart than Morris for he pierced at will. If Hamilton was the Xenophon among our intellectual lights As he has been called for the neatness purity and Perspicuity of his productions surely his Friend Gou his hearers to a common tone of feel Verneur Morris ought to be called the ing by the most felicitous illustrations isocrates among them. He had the or playful smiles. He was however same splendor of imagination and More powerful in raising apprehensions poised his sentences with the same than in allaying them. His eloquence Art that is seen in the orations of Quot the was supported by his patriotism and what in the warmth of debate he said he would do he followed up in the coolness of reflection and if not As powerful was As fearless with his sword As with his Tongue. His audience easily understood him and his speech was ended before any of them were tired of hearing him. His patriotism and eloquence have had ample Justice done them by his Learned biographer. James of the same state. Or. Madison exhibited a different style of eloquence. He had no passion no majesty of tone no vehement gestures nothing of that War horse spirit of his coadjutor Patrick Henry his was the smooth but Manly current of thought. It was philosophy reasoning upon rights and explaining duties and teaching his hearers How to prepare for exigencies. He saw All things in a Clear Light without enthusiasm or agitation. His speaking resembled his writing his lines were All straight his letters uniformly made his spelling accurate and his punctuation perfect. He was never off his guard j but self possessed he old Man Morris s eloquence was Well suited to the deliberative Assembly and to those occasions in which the heart is deeply interested. His oration Over the body of Hamilton is admirable. At that moment when the bleeding Corse was before the eyes of Bis countrymen and a nation s moans were wafted on every wind from North to South from East to West through the country when almost any extravagance would have been tolerated in this paroxysm of mind for at this event the deep lamentations of the soul were commingled with the breath of exertion and there is no wild fire like this yet then the pathos of the author was subdued chastened and harmonized to the mild and hallowed doctrines of christianity such exhibitions Are the Triumph of the god like Art of controlling tempers and of conquering hearts. He lived in Republican struggles in the Sun Shine of Royalty in the uproar of popular fury and then in the Calm of personal safety and National Tranquillity and from All Drew lessons of experience and through All carried the sound discretion of a Hig minded Man

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