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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - June 17, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana Vol. Xxv. Published every wed Espay morning by John d. Degrees at $2,00 per annul in Advance or s-2,. Oat the end of the year. Kates of advertising a nine lines or , for on insertion j ii Avint had Trio courage to bring Nie Liis news. An 50cts for three insertions 81,for each subsequent insertion no suced by and one else it would a perhaps have killed me Don Pedro was the first to break silence and the castilian Rose in ail his firmness. Quot i thank you my son Quot he said to Rodrigo Quot thank you 25cts. A Quot a Liberal discount to those advertising by the for this paper. Or. V. B. is authorized to receive Money on subscription and in payment for advertisements forwarded by him. His offices Are at n. W. Corner of 3d and Chesnut St., Philadelphia a Tribune buildings new York no. 20 state St., Boston and s. E. Corner of Baltimore and Calvert St., Baltimore. Messes. Mason amp title no. 33 William St., and or. George Pratt no. Of it a Nassau St. New York arc also authorized agents for the same purpose. Or. R. C. Green of Cincinnati Ohio is authorized to receive Money on subscription and in payment for advertisements forwarded by him from that City. The following gentlemen will please receive and Forward subscriptions for this paper. Abib turn w. Park Andersontown r. Williams Bloomington l. Bollian Bowling Green j. T. Karr Brookville j. H. Farquher Bloomfield s. Fellows Colua ibus h. B. Horn Charlestown j. Ferguson Connersville w. I i. Tsmith co Maton j. S. Sloan Corydon w. A. Porter Crawfordsville j. Beard to Centerville g. W. Julian Delpui h. Allen Danville j. S. Harvey Evansville j. N. Kirkendale Eagle Vili age j. F. Daugherty Frankfort j. Thompson Franklin f. M. Finch fort Wayne h. W. Jones Greensbury j. T. Gibson Goshen j. H. Defrees Greencastle a. Stephenson Huntington e. Murray , t. A. Long Lebanon j. C. Hocker Logansport g. W. Blakemore Lima j. T. Hobbs Laforte d. G. Rose Lafayette j. L. Meredith Liberty j. Yaryan Muncie t. J. Sample Marion j. Brownlee Madison w. N. Jackson it. Pleasant r. Brown , a. S. Griggs Monticello d. M. Tilton new Albany j. S. Davis new , e. Murphy Newport w. P. Dole Noble c.h., w. C. Taylor Point Commerce j. Allison Princeton s. Hall Plymouth w. G. Pomeroy Peru j. M. Defrees Paoli t Thornton Rochester a. Smith Rome j. B. Huckeby Rockville t. H. Nelson rising Sun s. Jelley Rockport j. Harvey Rush Ville g. Tingley Spencer , South Bend c. M. Heaton Salem r. Martin Terre haute j. H. Hager Vernon j. Quot Auto Vevay j. N. Martin Wabash j. D. Cassat Williamsport j. H. Buel the journal is sent free of postage to the following Post offices Viz Marion , Clermont Allisonville Ger Una town Cumberland new Bethel Bridgeport Augusta. Hendricks , Plainfield Bellville tiles Ville Danville new Winchester Brownsburg Springtown North Salem. Harolton , Noblesville Royal ton Straw own Cicero. Boone , Thomley Ville Royalton Jamestown Eagle Village Nort Ifield. Morgan , Monrovia. Hancock , sugar Creek Charlottsville Philadelphia Eden. Johnson , Franklin far West. Shelby View Shelbyville Morristown. From the Louisville journal. 35 we take great pleasure in presenting our readers with the follow ii poem written by our senior from his Retreat on the Bay of Biloxi. We think they will agree with us that it is one of the most Beautiful efforts of his Muse to an absent wife. Tis Momy the sea Breeze seems to bring Joy health and freshness on its Wing Brigit Flowers to me All strange and new Are glittering in the Early Dew and Perfi Imes Rise from every Grove As incense to the Clouds that move like spirits o or Yon Welkin Clear but i am sad thou Art not Here. Tis noon a Calm unbroken sleep is on the Blue wave of the deep a soft Haze like a fairy dream is floating Over Wood and Stream and Many a Broad Magnolia Flower. Within its Shado by Woodland Bower is gleaming like a Lovely Start but i am sad thou Art afar. Tis even on Earth the Sunset skies Are painting their own Etlen dyes the stars come Down and trembling glow Lilie blossoms in the Waves below and like some unseen sprite the Breeze seems lingering mid these Orange Trees breathing its music round the spot but i am sad i see thee not tis Midnight with a soothing spell the far tones of the Ocean swell soft As a Mother s cadence mild Low bending o or her sleeping child and on each wandering Breeze Are heard the Rich notes of the mocking Bird in Many a wild and wondrous Lay but i am sad thou Art away. I sink in dreams Low Sweet and Clear. Thy own dear voice is in Niy earn around my Cheek thy tresses twine thy own loved hand is clasped in mine thy own soft lip to mine is pressed thy head is pillowed on my breast of i have All my heart holds dear and i am Happy thou Art Here. Biloxi May 31,1846. Announced by you i understand what it Means Don Rod Rijiro looked Down without answering. His brother looked at the old Man and became Pale As death. Quot i understand also father Quot said Stefano with an Elbrt pressing the hand of Rodrigo. Quot i have sworn to you to go and replace ill the Royal army the of my Brothers who should have the Honor of falling on the Field of Battle. Since it has become my duty to take the place of two instead of one 1 am ready to go father Quot Manuela filled with astonishment endeavoured to Spring towards Stefano but her strength yielded to such an emotion and she fell fainting into the arms of Rodrigo. He carried her into the neighbouring chamber whilst Don Riaz retained Stefano with a firm hand and a few moments after two Young men with their carbines on their shoulders silently left the Village of Panola. Pedro having counselled his son to spare Manuela from a heart rending Adieu Stefano had silent la embraced his fainting betrothed and he had sworn to be in the mountains the next morning where general Cabrera waited for him and Rodrigo. The rank of his youngest brother Don Pablo was offered him on this Cou Jitian chapter xxix. The last pistol. For a month Pedro and Manuela received no news from Stefano. The next month the old Man Learnt that Don Rodrigo was dead As Well As Carlos and Pablo. The following month it was announced to him that of his five sons Stefano alone remained. Then confiding his Niece to a family who where emigrating to France the old Man took the last pistol and last Sabre suspended against the Wall and with his staff in his hand joined the last Arm of Don third. The Oyster and the . D. d Avilez by Pitre Chevalier. Translated for the Boston Atlas from the French concluded. Chapter xxviii news Erom the army. The lieutenant and the Christi nos had Only been gone a few minutes and the sound of the Drums beating a Quick step was still heard on the Road. Stefano and Manuela standing Side by Side near the door were listening Kotlus sound which dispelled All their troubles As it died away in the Diste Ince and every moment they pressed each other s hands exchanging a look in which was pictured the most profound happiness. Don Pedro tranquilly seated in his great Arm chair and relieved at length from the cruel emotions which had overwhelmed him was watching this touching picture with tears in his eyes and forgot in his happiness the Check experienced by the arms of Charles The inhabitants of the Village feeling that happiness had returned to the House of the Riaz discreetly departed preceded by Don Henrico who had recovered All his Sang Froid on the disappearance of the armed men. It was then that a Man about thirty two years of age dressed in Black from head to foot passed through the Village advanced the House of Don Riaz stopped raising his eyes to heaven As if to ask courage and Cross ing the area with an unsteady step appeared before the astonished eyes of Pedro and his son. Quot Don Rodrigo the eldest of my children Quot cried the old Man. Quot my brother Quot cried Stefano. Quot my Cousin Quot cried Manuela. And these words were not finished before the new Comer was in the anus of his family. In this first Surprise and Quot embrace no one had remarked the color of Rodrigo s dress and the sad expression of his face. Don Pedro was the first who perceived it and a livid Pale Ness immediately covered the face of the old Man. Quot Rodrigo Quot he said in a trembling voice Quot what mean these garments Quot Stefano and Manuela looked at each other wit i terror and Don Rodrigo to lire himself into the arms of Pedro Quot my children Quot he cried Quot what has become of my Chil Dren Quot Quot father Quot replied Rodrigo Quot a week since. You had five today. J of have Only a two of my sons Are dead Quot stammered the old Man falling Back into his chair. Quot they have died for the King they fell at my Side on tie Field of Battle Quot Quot a my Brothers my poor Brothers Quot said Stefano Quot and i was not there to save you or perish with you Quot a i was there Stefano Quot replied Rodrigo Quot i was there with Juan but the balls did not choose their victims. Those who should have died last have died first brother Quot Quot Carios and Pablo my two youngest children Quot said Pedro with despair. Quot of my god you allow me to survive my two youngest children Quot Manuela hastened to take the old Man s hand which she moistened with her tears whilst Rodrigo and Stefano weeping clasped each other to their bosoms. And whoever had witnessed this scene of desolation after the scene of Joy which had preceded it might have blasphemed divine Providence by attributing the control of human destinies to Blind Chance. For a longtime Only tears and sobs were heard in this Hall where so much love and Joy had just blossomed Indianapolis wednesday june 17, 1846. Quot who then arc you Quot he asked of the Artisan looking at him from head to foot. Quot a Hidalgo travelling on business Quot he replied with a sigh showing a passport from the government of then throwing a cloak Over his shoulders both took the Road to the pier. The stronger went in Advance to arrive sooner and the other followed at a distance from fear of Coni Roin Ising Hin. As the first had foreseen the of the other stir acted the attention of a police wifi car and a group of Algua zils but he had no sooner shown his papers to them than they retired with respect stammering a thousand excuses. During this time the adventurer had Jias sed along and his companion rejoined him in a few minutes. The two travellers were soon after in s Fety and the vessel in which they had embarked with some Twenty travelling companions set sail on a Stormy evening with a violent South West wind. The stranger remarked that the greater part of these companions were tie carpenters whom he had already met. Chapter xxx. A escape. On the evening of the 14th be tember 18.39, the Tranquility of tie Little City of i a situated on the Gulf of Gascony Between the frontiers of Spain and France was disturbed by a noise and tumult of which it Haj not for a Long time offered an example. Some soldiers the last wrecks of the army of Don Carlos had just been made prisoners by the Garrison which remained faithful to Christina. Nothing was talked of but the compleat rout of the pretender who had no other resource it was said but to seek a Refuge in France. A battalion of the foreign legion was expressly ordered to watch his passage and from time to time the Telegraph of i communicated with that of Bayonne. All at once in a narrow Street near the Harbor in the midst of the noise of Twenty doors opening and shutting one after a notifier the clamors of a multitude of women and children and the hurried Steps of groups of sailors citizens and soldiers a Man passed flying at full Speed before a Squadron of police officers. If the rapid course of this Man and the curses by which he was pursued had shown that he had committed some offence his tattered clothes and disordered looks would have sufficiently indicated it to the dullest perception. Figure to yourself the Best marked expression of a Soldier of Fortune something at the same time of a Good liver and a Brave Man equal to All dangers with the air besides of a stranger in the midst of spaniards. Such was the person after whom All the Algua zils of the City of 1, with the Alcade at their head were running themselves out of breath. They would have run a Long time without Overta Liing to Weir Man if he had not been delayed from time to time by tie alarmed people who stopped him at the Corner of every Street repeating the cry Quot Stop him Stop him Quot which re echoed like an alarm Bell from one end of the City to the other. Favored by a crowd of carts which blocked up the Street the Algua zils were about to Lay hands on their prey when he suddenly escaped them As if by enchantment and no one could lc-11 Ian Tel aug Ollil ton. The fugitive had had the Good Luck and address to hide himself under the shed of a House w Hose inhabitants were watching for him in the Street. Passing through the House itself he had thus gained another part of the City while tie soldiers thrown off the scent were rubbing their eyes and asking each other if he had buried himself in the Earth or had flown up into heaven. After having in this manner traversed tie whole City to the water s Side the stranger took the hazardous step of joining a body of carpenters returning from their work at the close of the Day. These honest men understood at once the danger which threatened him and without betraying him by the least movement of Surprise or dissatisfaction they continued to March around him till they reached a vast work shop where some of them entered. Our Man penetrated without ceremony into this Asylum offered by Providence and at the end of a Long court where his companions had dispersed he found himself alone before Small Cattage with a person of a very singular figure. Chapter Xxxi. The unknown Savior. This person appeared to be about forty five or fifty years of age. He was of Small stature and very thin. He stooped in walking As if exhausted by fatigue. A few locks of Light hair growing behind were brought up Over his Bald head and fell upon his forehead to his . A Long and thick red moustache shaded his upper lip so As to hide a Mouth deprived of the greater part of its Teeth. This defect brought the nose and Chin unusually near together in a disagreeable manner tie one turned Down like a Parrot s beak the other length lined and raised beyond measure. Such features gave no Randure to the physiognomy of the personage and yet he preserved under his Workman s dress the attitude and manners of a Man accustomed to absolute command. The adventurer suspected Liat he had before him some one in the disguise of a Carpenter but this suspicion was too be for him to allow it to appear. Besides the other did not give him time to reflect and roughly asked him Quot who Are you Quot As the reply was delayed Quot who Are you Quot he resumed Quot and Why do you Fly speak frankly provided you Are neither a Knave nor an Assassin you Are Welcome Quot Quot then Quot replied the stranger frankly Quot i am a Soldier pursued for having disobeyed his Quot Soldier of whom Quot hastily demanded the Workman. Quot a Soldier of Quot and what order have you violated Quot Quot i have allowed two Carlist soldiers who were committed to my keeping to of these two replies the first had made the Workman turn red with anger the second made him smile mildly and he said to the adventurer Quot thanks Quot Quot now Quot he added Quot what do you intend to do and How can i serve you you appear to be in hurry i am so myself so let us despatch business if you after having reflected a moment the stranger declared he believed he had nothing better to do than to leave the country As soon As possible and he requested his Host to facilitate the Means for him Quot and what route would you take Quot Quot that of France if it is Quot Pardieu it is your Good Fortune which has conducted you to me. I actually embark for France in half an hour so we will set out together unless the voyage by sea does not suit chapter voyage. Whilst the personages of our Story Are proceeding on their vol age i Thant Accident it is time to make our readers acquainted with the stranger whose name they have perhaps su<5pected. This stranger is our Friend. Lieutenant d her in liars. After having wandered through Spain since and having contributed his part to the discomfiture of the pretender d he Villiers had arrived at i where his regiment was charged with the duty of driving out of France or of arresting the last defenders of Charles Now among the prisoners who had been placed under his guard there were two whom he could not bring himself to abandon to the muskets of he Christi nos. We shall name these prisoners at the proper time which will soon arrive. Violating As he had said his orders to snatch them from death d he Villiers had set them free from prison Given them the Means to embark for France and had been seized by his comrades when he was preparing to embark in his turn. Such a crime deserved nothing but death and the Frenchman was Joist about to by Experiment the exact weight of a dozen shia Irish bullets when employing for his own Benefit the which he Lead hitherto devoted to the service of others he had escaped from the hands of he Christi nos in the simple dress of a convict who flies from his executioners. The Reader knows the rest and we can return to the vessel. For half an hour the navigation was fortunate though difficult. But hardly had the Sun disappeared than a Strong wind Rose and the Thunder joining tie Hurricane a fiercer tempest burst Over the Gulf. Done As much in my place Quot replied the lieutenant with simplicity. Quot frankly i owed a debt to these generous Cas Tilliann and i thank heaven for having furnished me with the occasion of discharging the obligation. Not that i consider the account balanced Quot he added looking at the shores of France Quot for i shall there find i Hope the whole family of Panola and 1 will show that French hospitality is equal to that of As he thus spoke the vessel entered the Little port of Ai and an unusual crowd pressed around the Landing place. Quot Well Quot he said to lie unknown Quot you have Only time to fulfil j our Promise and to receive my thanks. Your name and history if you please Noble disciple of Saint Joseph Quot Quot you will know both on disembarking Quot replied the pretended Workman exchanging a sign with some one on the Bank. D he Villiers perceived a woman of great Beauty with her Arm in that of a Young Man standing in the midst of a group who were surrounded by a curious crowd. Quot what does that signify Quot said the lieutenant Quot and who let All those mysterious persons Quot chapter Xxxii conclusion. Whilst the passengers were disembarking and d her Al Liers was following his companion with astonished looks a Groat commotion suddenly arose at the Landing place. The mayor and other authorities of Rayonne in full dress appeared at the head of a battalion of Light infantry. The unknown advanced himself in front of them and taking the Man and woman who awaited him on the Shore by the hand surrounded by the pretended carpenters who had made the journey with him he addressed the following words to the mayor Quot King Chascs v., the Princess de Beira the infant Don Sebastian and their companions ask a Refuge in the astonishment of d he Villiers was such that he was unable to hear the reply. He Felt a hand Laid upon his shoulder and a voice murmur in his ear Quot you were worthy of serving the Good cause Quot then Don Cirlos and his suit disappeared with the battalion whilst the spectators said to each other in a Low voice Quot that is the Way revolutions go now a Days a Man passes from one Frontier to another. A Roll of the drum. And All is finished Quot a few weeks after a marriage was celebrated in a pretty House in the Village of 0, a league and a half from Bayonne. This House was the modest Patrimony left to d he Villiers by his family and this marriage was that Don Stefano Riaz and Dona Manuela d Avilez. The Man who was leading the betrothed or rather was More Manifest the alarm of the passengers was soon joined to the despair of the Crew. A were standing on deck looking at each other in silence or clinging to the cables and ropes and uttering cries of terror. Two men alone preserved their coolness in the midst of the general consternation. These were d he Villiers and his unknown Savior. One was tranquilly seated on the netting at the Stern and the other was motionless in front of him with his arms crossed on his Chest. Both were attentively watching the helmsman who was steering but the first appeared particularly to watch his courage and the second his skill. All at once the Sailor blinded by a nightly wave and almost thrown Over on the deck lost at the same time spaniard As he was his strength of heart and presence of mind. Not knowing where the Helm was ignorant where he was himself and stunned by the clamors which echoed in his ears Quot we Are lost Quot he cried falling on his Knees and imploring All the saints in Paradise As the Only Power capable of snatching the vessel from Shipwreck. At this despairing cry which wins considered a signal of death a Universal sob of agony burst fort i and frightful disorder reigned in the Drifting vessel. Then the voice of d he Villiers alone was heard above Tho a Puirtt of arc Phil and lamentation advancing with a firm step towards to Pilot he pushed him Over with his foot on the deck exclaiming Quot go count your Rosary Capuchin and let me steer your vessel Quot born As we have said in the environs of Bayonne and so to speak brought up on the sea the lieutenant had not forgotten the Art of managing a boat. Taking the Helm in his hand he issues his orders to the sailors who Are re assured by his example he steers the boat with wonderful skill in the midst of the Mountain Waves which threaten to overwhelm it and the furious gusts of wind by which it is assailed. He thus gains a part of the sheltered from the wind where the navigation again becomes easy and then giving the Helm to the stupefied helmsman he returns to his place on the netting without listening to the timid persons now re assured by his proceeding who overwhelm him with thanks. In the meanwhile but one Man appears to Merit his attention this is the unknown who has kept his Eye fixed on him during his admirable Many ouvre. He then approached the lieutenant and extending his hand my Friend Quot said he to him like a Man who knows How to appreciate courage Quot should not believed you As skillful and intrepid As you Are i i am happier than Ever to have been Able to be useful to you and if i have a right to any gratitude on your part i will ask your name and Quot my name Quot Quot what will you do with it Quot Quot i will place it its rank in my Quot Charles Paul Edv Ard d Here Hilliers. I have told you that i was lieutenant in the Freeh legion of the constitutional the unknown made a movement of vexation and continued. Quot your history now Quot d Hei Villiers laughed. Quot Why do you laugh Quot Quot Why do i laugh a i a a Quot Quot Well Quot raising Ful and sightless eyes Quot of god thou Hast taken four sons from me and my Xing will die like me on foreign ground but since these two children Are Happy i will again thank thee with my last sigh Quot the following year new fugitives arrived in France from Spain by the o polite Frontier. One of these was a Man of thirty five or thirty six years of age whose figure and dress particularly fixed attention. He wore the uniform of a Christino officer and carried under his Arm a bundle containing the uniform of a Carlist officer. By wearing one or the other according to the disposition of the country which he was traversing he prudently imitated the Bat of Good la Fontaine. Quot i am a Christino see my Blue dress Quot Quot i am a Carlist see my Green dress Quot in reality our Man sometimes deceived himself in his political foresight and showing the Green dress to the Christi nos or the Blue dress to the Carlist he successively came near being the victim of his two opinions. But he extricated himself from the difficulty by asserting that the costume which he wore was a disguise in Short happily escaping All accidents he finally arrived Safe and sound in France when his tribulations ceased of putting on a French coat. This person was our old acquaintance Don Henrico bal Dicas a descendant of the Cid Campeadore. After having openly declared for Christina when he believed that the cause of the Queen was gained he Heid the sorrow to find himself compromised by this act of courage and in his flight to France he Only preceded for a Short time the Regent herself who in her turn gave place to the Duke de la Victoria. When Don Henrico had arrived at Bayonne and announced this news to his Panola friends d he Villiers related to them the fable of Oyster and the. Leaders and that of May tre Aud Al Boron. They All agreed that Espartero was the third rogue and Don Henrico exclaimed Quot Long live the Duke Del Victoria Quot wife of Don Carlos to whom she was married in febuary 1838.�?translator. The contrary it suits me very Well Quot it to Quot on Quot Well a vessel awaits me at the pier ready to weigh Anchor. Have you nothing to do or take in the City Quot Quot nothing i am like a philosopher i carry All wit i Quot and i the Artisan threw Over his shoulder a leather bag and made a sign to the adventurer to follow him. But the latter stopped him at the door of the Cabin. Quot a moment i beg you. Alt Tough i am a stranger at i As i have just drawn general attention on myself there the first passer May recognise Ine by my clothes and put the police in Pursuit of Quot the truth is your Drees is very singular you Are right. Hold take my jacket now add my bag and the Devil himself could see nothing the disguise was the work of a moment. But when the stranger saw that his Host was about to put on his tattered coat instead of seeking another jacket Quot what Are you doing Quot he said to him. Quot you Are going to draw upon yourself the danger which threatens me they will take you for me and arrest Quot be Calm All unknown As i am at i if anyone should Lay viands on me i should have but one word to answer to be immediately set the solemn tones in which these words were pronounced made the stranger step Back with Surprise. Quot Well if you take me for a hero you will be disappointed Noble Quot Tell d he Villiers was going to begin when suddenly changing his mind he said Quot a but you ask my name and history Hidalgo disguised As Artisan what is your name Quot Quot i have told you i travel on business Quot Quot on secret business Quot i have a right to hide myself As you Are obliged to do. And besides at this time what spaniard can carry his name on his face Quot Quot it is True list let us agree upon one Quot on what Quot Quot when i have told you my history you will relate yours to me Quot Quot i consent that is Quot very satisfied with this engagement d he Villiers related to the unknown the adventures which the Reader already knows. And when he arrived at the histor of the prisoners whom he had allowed to escape the spaniard appeared moved and overwhelmed him with questions Quot How that Blind old Man and that wounded Young Man whom you snatched from the Christi nos were the aged Riaz de la Sarga and Don Stefano his youngest son Quot Quot his last son Quot Quot what has become of the other four Quot Quot died in the service of the pretender in the army of general the unknown Bent Down his head and uttered a sigh. Quot and the aged Pedro Quot he resumed Quot sent his last child to Don Carios Quot Quot he sent his last child to him after having sent his Niece the betrothed of Don Stefano to at this word and this recollection it was d he Villiers who sighed in his turn. Quot finally the Seigneur Don Riaz himself joined the army of Cabrera Quot Quot he did at seventy years of age limping on one leg and Able Only to Bear his last Sabre and last pistol you May judge that i could scarcely believe my eyes when i found him among the captives it was then he told me All which i am relating to you that he had encouraged the soldiers by his % Oice when he was unable to encourage them by his example that he was constantly by the Side of his last child that he had had the Good Fortune to receive in his eyes a discharge of shot fired at Don Stefano Quot Quot poor old Man Quot murmured the spaniard sorrowfully turning away his head. Quot and so much Devotion is lost Quot he added with bitterness. Then turning towards the Frenchman and pressing his hands Quot a it was generous in you to save the lives of those unfortunate men at the expense of yours Quot he cried in a tone of profound latitude. Quot i do you the hour of supposing that you would have democratic liberality. While the whig party arc in no Way responsible for the War with Mexico having All along remonstrated against those measures and that course of policy which they saw were tending to bring it on they Are nevertheless now that we Are in for it not Only desirous of having it prosecuted with Energy and spirit to a speedy and successful termination but Are willing to share alike in its hardships and perils with their democratic Brethren notwithstanding the unworthy insinuations to the contrary thrown out by the dishonest and unprincipled of the democratic editors. Nor is this All. The Wiigs Are in favor of paying the Brave men who Are willing to peril their lives in defence of our common country something which shall at least approach towards a compensation while democrats oppose it. Is this doubted look at the conduct of the two parties in Congress. The democratic members who precious souls Are reveling in luxury ease and safety and receiving eight dollars a Day Are absolutely unwilling that the volunteers which they have authorized to be raised to March into Mexico and face tie Cannon of the enemy and the yellow fever shall receive a Stiver More than seven dollars per month hear it be honest Stout hearted Hurd listed democrats hear it Yemen of Stalwart form and Iron nere whether whigs or democrats seven dollars a the for fighting the Battles of our country in a War brought on by the recklessness or ignorance of a set of men who Are receiving eight dollars every Day to say nothing of the hundreds of dollars they receive extra in the shape of books stationery and other incidentals the whigs in Congress wanted to raise the wages of the volunteers ten dollars per month and to give to each Man a Quarter Section of land at the expiration of his term of service a but the democrats would it hear to it at All. No no seven dollars without a foot of land they said was enough and so they voted Down the proposition with about As much promptness and unanimity As they would have voted Down a proposition to lower their own wages to something like honest and far equivalent for their services. Will not this reprehensible conduct of the democratic members of Congress open the eyes of tie rank and file a will not the people become convinced after a while As to who it is that Are their True friends and who it is that Don t care a Fig for them farther than they can use them to Advance their own selfish schemes and dishonest purposes. Verily we Hope so. Warsaw signal says that a great number of robberies have been committed in Nauvoo within a week previous. The annoyance has become so great Eis to determine the citizens to organize under the general incorporation Law of the state and establish a municipal police for their own Protection. The number of mormons now leaving according to the weekly report made to major Warren is not so great As in previous weeks but this is accounted for by the fact that most of the mormons residing out of the City have left and the mumber in Nauvoo has been greatly diminished. The report states an average of thirteen wagons per Day at fort Madison and Twenty five at Nauvoo making 266 a considerable number have left in steamboats and the entire emigration is stated at 800 souls. The committee counted 617 wagons in the City nearly ready to Start. Teams Are much wanted and oxen can readily be sold. St. Louis re pub. No. 14. From the colonization St. Liberia. Governor Robert s annual message. To the honorable the members of the legislature a gentlemen a at the commencement of another session of the Leui Slature it becomes my duty to inform you of the state of Public Afifi Irso to Coni Muniente to you what May have occurred during the past year and to recon Amend for your consideration such measures As appear to me to be expedient or necessary and which i Hall be calculated to increase the happiness of our fellow Iii Zens and Advance the Prosperity of our common country. I cannot refrain gentlemen form reminding you How signally almighty Lod has hitherto prospered us and with what Success our efforts have been crowned. It is pleasing to look upon the past history of these colonics and to contemplate the goodness of an overruling Providence in our behalf from the first settlement of that Little band of patriots who in 18-22,in search of a country and a Home a place where they might enjoy the blessings of political Freedom the privileges of Civ Liberty and that social Intercourse for which Man is so happily constituted a list blushed themselves on this barbarous coast under circumstances the most Cuba Grassing and discouraging far from the haunts of civilized Many the ruthless slave trader except eds unaided my unprotected l y any civilized government surrounded by barbarous and Savige tribes wartime and treacherous in their Intercourse with strangers and under the influence of the More perfidious slave dealer. Still they hoped by Astrini neutrality to cultivate the Friendship of the natives and if possible to fix an Asylum for themselves and their children and found Here a free Sovereign Anc Independent state. But notwithstanding every Elbrt on their part to maintain a Good understanding with their Savage neighbors they soon found their selves surrounded with difficulties of the most appalling character. The detestable slavers fearing for the Success and continuance of their vile traffic should a Christian Colony be established Here used every Art in their Power to alienate the Ai Lection of the Nati i its and to excite them to actual hostilities against the Colony in which the succeeded too Well. And the colonists soon four id themselves involved in a cruel and unnatural War and to All human appearance a War of extermination rapine and murder stared them full in the face and to Avert the impending storm seemed impossible a Mere handful of isolated beings opposed to a Host of mercenary Savages their min appeared inevitable. God however Bari ordained it otherwise and by a special interposition of his Providence delivered ilium from their perilous situation. And if any people under heaven have cause to Render us thanks to the great governor of the universe for parental care and Protection extended to them in nil the trials and difficulties to which they have been from Lime to time exposed it is certainly the people of Liberia. Through the whole course of their eventful career the superintendence of an overruling Providence in their behalf has been clearly visible. Toder the fostering care of the american colonization society the Colony has continued to increase in population intelligence wealth and importance Quot a Little one has Ocomo a ,&Quot and is now attracting the attention of the civilized world. It therefore becomes us in entering once More upon tiie duties of legislation humbly to acknowledge our dependence upon him who is infinite in Wisdom and Power As our guide and protector and to implore a continuance of his watchfulness Over the affairs of these colonies. We have continued cause for the expression of our gratitude to Al Misity tied that another year finds us in the enjoyment of thi blessings of peace Law order and religion that the health of our Quot fellow citizens has been preserved that the Earth has yielded abundant fruits to the labors of the Husbandman that Quot notwithstanding the interruptions to Trade new activity has been imparted to Commerce and that every department of the government seems to be going on Well and prosperously excepting Only the unsettled state of our affairs in regard to tie jurisdiction of the Colony and the restrictions imposed by great Britain denying to us the Power to exercise Sovereign and Independent rights. The message then notices the seizure of the Quot John Seys Quot a colonial vessel by a British Cruiser and gives a Lii Story of the Case a in which the British officers Lake the ground that Liberia was not possessed of the rights of sovereignty As a state and As a consequence had no right to establish a National Flag ports of entry and Institute Tariff Laws custom houses amp a. And that her Flag and authorities were not therefore entitled to respect. And inasmuch As such Power had been exercised by the Colony and called in question by British merchants and naval officers the governor proceeds to remark in vindication of the Independent sovereignty of Liberia. That the government of Liberia is anomalous bearing Little or no analogy to any other Eigher ancient or modern and to foreigners exceedingly paradoxical May be True but at the Sam time. It does appear to me that by the exercise of a Little so Jer , this seeming Paradox can be easily reconciled. The humane and benevolent objects of the colonization society in establishing and fostering these colonies Are Well known to All civilized nations and perhaps nowhere better understood than in England. When the scheme of african colonization was first conceived this difficulty met the society at the very threshold. As an association of private individuals they knew Well that they could not take upon themselves the Power of government but to organize a government was absolutely necessary and As the emigrants were totally inexperienced in such matters it was not expedient for them nor in tact did they wish unaided to assume the responsibility. A line of distinction however was readily drawn. In consideration of certain Aid granted to the colonists by the society the citizens of Liberia As an infant Republic entered into a league or compact with the society confiding to them the management of certain external concerns reserving to the government of the Colony whatever regarded its internal or municipal affairs. In this no surrender of sovereignty As a body politic was Ever contemplated by the liberians or so understood by the society. Indeed it was impossible in the very nature of things. Such a surrender to a company of private individuals not possessing political Power would in itself have been a nullity. The covenant was Only in the nature of a treaty or agreement which had no other Sanction than the will of the parties and admitted of no coercive Power to enforce obedience. Each member of the compact could expound its meaning and should the government of Liberia differ with the society about the construction of any clause there is no Umpire but the citizens of these colonies who in Good Faith May at pleasure dissolve that compact. This could not be the Case i this Colony was a dependence in the Legal acceptation of that phrase. The society can advise but it can execute nothing All Power of government is vested in the people Here. But what seems most difficult to be understood in our organization which and is constantly seized upon As a proof of the dependence of Liberia is that the chief executive officer of the government is appointed and paid by the colonization society and that All Laws enacted by the liberian legislature shall be subject to a revocation of the society. That an arrangement so novel and without precedent should in its operations experience some earrings is not surprising nor is it a matter of much astonishment that foreigners at first View should consider it complicated and perplexing. In fact it is not fully understood by Many of our own citizens. For my own part i really cannot see anything in the arrangement so incomprehensible nor do i believe that others if they will examine the subject closely will find anything in it incompatible with the sovereignty of Liberia. Immediately on Landing upon these shores after securing from the aboriginal inhabitants a title to the lands effected through the benevolent Aid and instrumentality of the colonization society and held by them in Trust for the govern rent about to be established. The first company of emigrants formed themselves into a body politic susceptible of obligations and Laws organized a government regular in All its parts without any pot Lical dependence on foreign Power. But distrustful of their own competency to carry out fully the ends of Good government they entered into an agreement which is incorporated into the statutes of the Commonwealth accepting the assistance of an Pilicer to be appointed and paid by the colonization society to Aid them in the administration of government and at the same time feeling themselves unqualified to discharge Properio the duties of legislation und wishing to guard against the Daniger of enforcing unjust and oppressive Laws subversive of the rights and liberties of the people which they feared might prove destructive to their future Hopes they agreed to submit All Laws by them enacted to the approval of the colonization society. And what 1 ask is there in this arrangement to destroy or in any Way impair the sovereignty of Liberia it is we Al known that the society could originate ii Laws much less enforce obedience. They could recommend measures hut it remained fur the people of Liberia if they thought proper to about them. Nor was this agreement to continue longer than the people of these colonies Felt m need of such Aid. 1 presume it will be conceded by All that every nation May order the affairs of their own govern int according to their own pleasure nor will it be denied that the Powers of every country Are regulated by the general Law to which All have consented and that every people Are by god and nature left to the Liberty of regulating those matters according to their own prudence or convenience. Upon these fundamental principles the Jie Ople of Liberia thought proper to Delegate certain Powers to the american colonization society i therefore insist it is their own business and no other govern intent has any right to interfere with it. Sing sentence divested of judicial Power disrobed of official authority this indeed would be placing us in no very enviable position. For on that supposition every instance of capital punishment that has taken place in the Colony has been a murder every arrest an unlawful assault every imprisonment a false every seizure of properly to enforce the payment of debt a trespass. Nor could any Grant or declaration of Independence exert e retrospective influence and make these acts to have been Legal. I am Happy however in the conviction that the officers of this government have not so far committed themselves. I maintain that they have been acting solely upon the authority and Laws of the Commonwealth of Liberia As an Independent state not using the sovereignty of any other state or people for the purposes of civil government As Sierra Leone for instance uses British severe Igny for that purpose. I or More than Twenty years the Flag of Liberia has been floating upon every Breeze along our coast known and respected by the armed vessels of every nation and until now excepting the occasional violence of slavers and pirates has protected our Little Marine from outrage. A new discovery however has been made to of Cju Beria is not a Sovereign Independent state therefore her ports and harbours May be violated and her Commerce destroyed with impunity. No member of this Community can remain indifferent at this critical crisis. The alleged want of sovereignty of this Commonwealth in consequence of its connection with the american colonization society is a subject of deep interest and i am Happy to find that our citizens Are fully awake to its importance and have not been backward in expressing their opinions freely. On the other hand it is strongly urged that an immediate change in our relations with the american colonization society and a formal declaration of Independence Are absolutely necessary to relieve us from our embarrassments on the other it is strenuously insisted such a course would be premature and inexpedient. So air As Independence is concerned that is to Commerce now i am decidedly of opinion that no action is necessary. Nothing will meet our wants but an acknowledgement that Liberia has been an Independent state from the beginning fully authorized to administer civil government which is apart of sovereignty and which upon All sound principles of National Law cannot be denied to Here for the dependence of these colonies upon the american colonization society can Only be viewed As a pecuniary and not a political dependence. But we Are told that Quot Liberia is not recognized As a subsisting state even by the government of the country from which its settlers have emigrated Quot this is certainly True. But what May i enquire has our recognition by that or any other government to do with the sovereignty of Liberia As an Independent state this Colony As is Well known never was a dependence of the United states nor do its citizens owe any allegiance to that government certainly none on the grounds of having emigrated from that country for in the United states the right of expatriation has been solemnly recognized by the supreme judicial authority of the government. 1 know that the ideas of gentlemen of the first rank in our com nudity in Point of understanding and ability have been somewhat confused on this so acct of Independence. We have associated the idea that colonies have always conic ended their existence in a state of political subjection to and dependence on their Mother country and for that reason could not be Sovereign states nor exercise the Powers of sovereignty till that dependence terminated. Hence we often talk As if Liberia needed to go through the same operation. But Liberia never was such a Colony she never was in that state of political dependence and therefore needs no such process in order to become a Sovereign state. Were this a revolting Novince or Colony the Case would be different then As or. Wheaton remarks Quot until the Independence of the new state has been acknowledged either by the foreign state where its sovereignty is drawn in question or by the government of the country of which it was before a province courts of Justice and private in i ideals Are bound to consider the ancient state of things As remaining but you perceive gentlemen this does not apply to Liberia in any respect which is not a province of any government in Africa nor a dependence on any foreign state. We Are Here a society of men holding no allegiance to any other government Quot United together to procure our Mutual safety and advantage Quot under a government emphatically our own Quot conducting our own affairs and interests deliberating and taking resolutions in common Quot and As such Are entitled to consideration and respect. Or. Vattel says a Quot since men Are naturally equal and their rights and obligations Are the same As proceeding from nature nations composed of men Musiker Edas so Many free persons living together in the state of nature Are naturally equal and receive from nature the same obligations and rights. Power or weakness does not in this respect produce any difference. A Dwarf is As much a Man As a giant a a Small Republic is As much a Sovereign state As the most powerful it would be exceedingly Gratifying to me gentlemen to be Able to give you some idea of the state of Public feeling in England in regard to these colonies but i have no data upon which to found any Correct opinion. I question however whether we Are fully informed respecting the real causes which have led to our present difficulties. I cannot believe that the British people Are ignorant of the relation subsisting Between these colonies and the american colonization society they Are too familiar with the circumstances which induced us to come to this country and with the benevolent and philanthropic objects of that society an institution standing alone unaided by the United states not even chartered by that Goveri Niento Only sustained by the voluntary contributions of a Christian Public. According to agreement the society has ii missed us atm ally certain pecuniary aids in consideration of which it is in de stood that so Long As this agreement May continue the citizens of Liberia will not enter into any league or compact with foreign nations. Under this arrangement these colonies for Twenty five years have been steadily advancing their Progress it is True has not been very rapid nor indeed under the circumstances could it be expected. The people of Liberia have had to contend with difficulties unknown to any other people but with a Noble fortitude a pling manfully with them they determined to overcome or die in the struggle and under god they have succeeded beyond the most sanguine expectations of their wan nest friends. Still we Are but a weak and almost defenceless Community without adequate resources with a Revenue barely such client to meet the most pressing demands of government. At this crisis we Are called upon in consequence of the position assumed by great Britain in regard to the sovereignty of Liberia to consider the propriety of changing our relations with the american colonization society. That some measure should be adopted which May possibly relieve us from our present embarrassments is very Clear but How far it is necessary to change our relations with Tho colonization society for that purpose is a matter of deep consideration i have considered this subject gentlemen with All possible attention and with All the judgment i could possibly exercise on the occasion and i am sure with All the Candor and impartiality which becomes an enquirer after truth but i confess have not been Able to discover any just grounds for the assertion contended for that Liberia is not a Sovereign Independent state. And in my opinion it Only remains for the government of Liberia by a formal act to announce her Independence a that she now is and always has been a Sovereign and Independent state and that documents of this proceeding duly certified by the colonization society be presented to the British As Well As other governments and by that Means obtain from great Britain and other cowers a just and formal recognition of the government of Liberia. If this can be effected it will at once place the sovereignty of Liberia beyond question and the people of these colonies in a position to negotiate with foreign Powers and perhaps As some gentlemen would persuade us we May be Able to obtain Means to carry out More effectually the objects of government and to develop More speedily and effectually the vast resources of this unexplored county. Gentlemen in entering upon this subject the greatest caution should be observed let us enter into no measures hastily or in advisedly let every step be Well considered for however lightly some May be disposed to treat this subject it is one of vital importance to the future happiness of the people of Liberia. We should remember with feelings of deep gratitude the obligations we Are under to the colonization society they have made us what we Are and they Are still deeply interested in our welfare and i firmly believe they will place no obstructions in the Way of our future advancement and final Succes. It becomes us therefore to be careful to conduct our affairs in such a manner As will secure to us of their co operation and assistance. It will rest with you gentlemen to decide on the course to be adopted to meet this pressing Exi Sency. Coming As you do from All parts of the Conion yeah you must of course be familiar with the views and sentiments of our fellow citizens in regard to and nationality of Liberia and in forming your decision i feel that you will with an unerring regard to tie rights of your constituents weigh and compare every consid ration connected with this important subject and will adopt such measures As will be Best calculated to Advance the interest of her citizens. Gentlemen i am Happy to be Able to inform you that our relations with the surrounding native tribes excepting Only a Little restlessness sad wednesday Forenoon the loth inst., or. William ii Uffington was accidentally shot and instantly killed by his brother while he was up in a Mulberry tree engaged in picking the berries. The gun Lay across the arms of one brother whilst another brother pulled Back the cock of the gun and the two were engaged in placing the Capon the tube. The cock suddenly slipped discharged the gun the Ball struck the brother who was in the tree directly through the heart and he fell to the ground lifeless. Coroner Smith called a jury who returned a verdict of accidental death. Or. Hollington was Aii industrious and worthy citizen and the family Are thrown into the deepest distress by this sad casualty or. H. Resided about two Miles from Indianapolis. The gun was being loaded for the purpose of shooting Birds from the Mulberry . Democrat. What May i enquire induced that Little band of patriots who composed the ship Elizabeth s company the pioneers in this Noble Enterprise to expatriate themselves to abandon tor Ever the land of their nativity and to establish themselves on this Distant coast but to found Here a state a Iree Sovereign and Independent state where they could enjoy equal Laws and the privileges of civil and religious Liberty Aiu gentlemen were not you and the thousands of our fellow citizens who have followed them actuated by the pm be elixirs of Independence and love of Freedom oppressed and denied the privileges of free men in the United states you soil the an Asylum Here Here you expected to find in operation a government the germ of a tree Republic and 1 maintain we hive not been disappointed. For More than Twenty years the Commonwealth of Liberia regularly organized with legislative executive and judicial has been governing itself by i sown authority and Laws Laws just and equal protecting alike the property of strangers and citizens. British subjects Nave availed themselves of the Protection guaranteed to foreigners by our Laws they have sought Aud obtained redress in the tribunals of the Colony a and will they now turn upon us and say those proceedings were extra judicial that the officers of the Colony during this Long period of time have been sitting in judgment and Pas on the part of the fish men at Bassa cover Are of the most Friendly character the just and benevolent system continued toward them has preserved peace and is More and More advancing habits favourable to their civilization and happiness. Later from Liberia. An arrival at new York from Monrovia on the West coast of Africa furnishes advices from that place to 1st of March the editor of the Liberia Herald writes thus to a Friend Quot the Colony is i think steadily improving. Buildings Are going up and More is at this moment doing in the farming than in any five preceding years Quot another letter says Quot the commissioners have not yet returned from the Leeward. I understand however that they Are succeeding Well. It is reported that they have purchased Nana Kroo Kingwell town in Foo and Little Sisters and have fair prospects of obtaining several other valuable tracts. The Kentucky people were landed on farms selected for the where houses have been erected on a Beautiful site Oil ii act. Paul s . Herald. A tall Dayton 0. Journal of Friday says a new company for the mexican War is forming Twenty one volunteers have enrolled themselves their aggregate height is 126 feet being an average of six feet All round

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