Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
17 Jun 1837

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
17 Jun 1837

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - June 17, 1837, Indianapolis, Indiana La 1 x. �z-17 vol. , saturday june 17, 1837 is to. 784. Published by de one Boule. By it was enabled to go about my House in one week s time without the least pain. 1 therefore fee it a duty i owe the buffering to make known the benefits i have derived from the use of Eliot valuable Medicine. John Smith. Wasni Reron Uitz d. C., nov. 1836. Thigman certify that i have used or. Vicker s celebrated embrocation and have found it the Best remedy i have Ever made ask of for sprains or bruises and a to for Chosic and both a in John Anderson livery stable keeper. Natchez miss May 12, 1b33. A Hie is occur Ify that 1 have been null Icid with Chen Sie rheumatism for ten years past and in pc used two Bot Lea of or. A. Vicker s rheumatic embrocation which performed a per. It cure. Attic per Gustus Billerica. For sold wholesale and retail by Motil Eli Shea a Dawson amp co. Indianapolis 20.1�37. 777_ botanic Medicine. W ate div received a it Sli Supply of the celebrated Al botanic , the midwife s practical directory or woman s confidential Friend comprising Al give remark Sun the and Lorina of disease preceding attending and following the period of gee Talion with an appendix the whole design and for the i pc Itiat Tise of4he botanic friends in the a sited states by Thomas h Ursey. Practising physician of the by Artic order formerly surgeon in the u. Sar my Ute f resident a f the 6 conventions Secretary of general correspondence to the Friendly Thorn Bot society of the United states second edition enlarged and ii proved with numerous engravings for Sale by a Power botanic pliy8ioian, it pet Union Quot of i it a a Douglass amp Ivel. Terms.�?$2 so per annul in Advance for 52 numbers�?$3 of at 6 months�?$3 50 at the end of the volume. No Papor will be discontinued unless at the option of the publishers until arrearage Are paid. space occupied by 250 Ems Ahall be counted a Square nothing counted less than a Square All Over a Square and Liss than a Square and a half shall by counted a Square and a half. One Dollar per Square shall be charged for the first three or any less number of insertions and Twenty five cents for each additional insertion. Advertisements published by the Quarter or longer will be charged $3 per Square for three months $6 for Bix months or 10 per annul. Merchants druggists and others advertising by the year will be charged for two squares $15 50 for three squares $20 for a Quarter of a column of look Ems $25 for a half of a column $35 for three fourths of a column $50 for a column $60 per annul. A of 20 per cent will be made on advertisements longer than a Quarter of a column when in a erred by the half year or year and not altered. All advertisements authorized by statute must be paid for invariably in Advance. Advertisements coming from abroad must be accompanied with the Cash unless ordered for pm a Licarion by a brother publisher. The postage must be paid on All letters to the publishers or Thev will not be taken out of the Post office. Torning s ague syrup a infallible remedy for fever and ague. Filhe Lyncie Secl demand his article has induced Al me to enter Mon exclusively int a its preparation and i having made i arrangements with Irvi Quot Reed by which the distribution of it will be Beitt a attended to a All orders jul dry a etl to him or my self will be despatched with promptness. The following communications May be some Evi Dence of its Utility where it is not otherwise known but a m a re satisfactory re of rend Ilion can be h gtd by giving it atrial. My object is notly aft it a it for Sale Only but to relieve the and Fin Rethe above named disease prevails in our country of considerable extent and in Ninny Piaros where medical Aid cannot be conveniently obtained i am confident in offering this preparation As a trial none Tif my medical Brethren will condemn it without Good cause. Fax Licat of a be tuft dated qui it by mi., aug. 18o6. By. S. Nixon sir Flavin is sold the ague syrup left with us by Jour agent and from the got a Success which attended it we Are induced t i apply for More hoping you will Send us a Quantity on such t pm Asto i a profit. I have in my practice various Rem Idice for tie be ter and ague but f und nne so Effee anal to eradicate it As that prep by you and from my own observation have cume to the conclusion thai it is a com , Fauntl by your experience destitute of All those deleterious Meilin Ines which in a dispose the system to return of the disease a Eseque icily feel an Assurance in its administration s enter gained in regard to the of ague re Cilie by i Eiith i Mien. Please Forward As soon As possible several dozen of the article o he care of messes. Mcgill amp co., Saint Louis also stale what you will take for the receipt. Yours Al a. A eni Wells amp co. Strawtown ind., Ano us2d, 1836. Or. S. Nixon a plea a Send Mea lot of your a Rne syrup by the hearer As i Havn som out All which i had. And i fetid there is a great demand for More. Be have other Irei it Arati is for the same complaint in the neigh boyhood. But none outlier than Quot Nixon a Quot will take. Don t fail to Send plenty of it =, j. L. Russey. Forsake by Mother Bead Dawson amp. ., a Ndia Nap. , april 22, 18.36._76__ notice. If he Copartnership heretofore existing Between i. The subscribers under the firm of under Bill Wood amp co. Was dissolved on the 3 23d ult. By Mutual agreement. Rob t. R. Under Bill a John Wood. Jacob s. Willets. Indianapolis april 5th, 1837. The foundry business will be continued by the a us scribers under the firm of under Bill amp. Willets by whom the business of the former firm will be settled and All whose notes and accounts Are do ill Confer a Lavor by paying up forthwith. Their office in future will be at the foundry where they offer for Sale a Largo assortment of ploughs stoves saw Mill castings andirons Wagon boxes wheelbarrow boxes &c., &c., and Are prepared to furnish to order most kinds of castings wanted in the country. A constant Supply of ploughs stoves and various kinds of castings will be kept forsake by Young amp Pottage at their hardware store Corner of Washington and Meridian streets on the same terms As at the foundry. Rob t. R. Underhill april s,�?74-3m, Jacob s. Willets. Or. Abraham Vicker s celebrated rheumatic embrocation applied morning and night Lias cured hundreds. It gives Relief in the swelling of the glands of the Throat and relieves the numbness and contractions of the limbs and will take swellings Down and info carnations out of the flesh rheumatism bruises and sprains. It gives immediate Relief it strengthens weak limbs and extends the cords when contracted. It is also an infallible cure for the following diseases in horses Viz Roll evil fistula Swaney fears sprains old or recent sores of every description. By mixing from one third to one half a bottle in milk and molasses and drenching the horse with if will give immediate Relief encases of c Holic of Botes. To cure poll evil a bottle must be used at four applications four Days Between each application. For fistula a bottle must be put on a two applications one week by tween. If applied in it he first stages of disease one bottle will generally effect a cure. A recommendations. We Rren Penn. Oct. 1825, to whom it May concerns certify that for some years past i have been afflicted with rheumatism and Lumbago and having used Many kinds of Medicine without Efteni at last 1 purchased one bottle of Vicker s celebrated embrocation and the Mammoth Cave Kentucky the american monthl5 Magazine for May contains a description of the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky which was visited and explored two or three years since by or. Bird one of the editors. We quote the description of the great Vestibule of the Cave Quot what now do we see Midnight the blackness of darkness nothing where Are we where is the Wall we were lately elbowing out of the Way it has vanished it is lost we Are walled in by darkness and darkness canopies us above. Look again swing your torches aloft a now you can see it far up a Hundred feet above your head a Grey ceiling rolling dimly away like a Cloud and heavy buttresses bending under the weight Curling and toppling Over their base begin to project their enormous masses from the shadowy Wall. How , How solemn How awful and How silent How dreadfully silent the Little Bells of the brain Are ringing in your ears you hear nothing else not even a sigh of air not even the Echo of a drop of water falling from the roof. The guide triumphs in your books of amazement and Awe he takes advantage of your feelings All so solemn and romantic them that says the Mammoth an t a Rale tear cat Don t know nothing about it with which truly philosophic interjection he Falls to work on certain old wooden ruins to you yet invisible and builds a Brace or two of fires by the Aid of which you begin to have a better Conception of the scene around you. You Are in the Vestibule or the Ante chamber to which the spacious Entrance of the Cave and the narrow passage that succeeds it should be considered the Mere Gateway and covered approach. It is a Basilica of an Oval figure two Hundred feet in length by one Hundred and fifty wide with a roof which is As Flat and level As if finished by the trowel of the plasterer of fifty or sixty or even More feet in height. Two passages each an Hundred feet in Width open into it at its opposite extremities but in right angles to each other and As they preserve a Strait course for five or six Hundred to feet with the same Flat roof common to each the appearance to the Eye is that of a vast Hall in shape of the letter a expanded at the Tigle both branches being five Hundred feet Long by a Hundred wide. The passage on the right hand is the great Bat room that in front the beginning of the grand gallery or the main Cavern itself. Tjie whole of this prodigious space is covered by a single Rock in which the Eye can detect no break or interruption save at its Borders where is a Broad sweeping Cornice traced in horizontal panel work exceedingly Noble and regular and not a single pier or pillar of any kind contributes to support it. It needs no support it is like the arched and ponderous roof of the poet s mausoleum by its own weight made steadfast and immovable the floor is exceedingly irregular consisting of Vai amp to heaps of the nitrous Eartis and of the ruins of the hoppers or vats composed of heavy planking in which the miners were acc stored to Leach it. This Hall was in fact one of their chief factory room Iii. Before Iligir Day i was a cemetery and Here they disinterred Many a mouldering Skeleton belonging it seems to that Gigantic eight or nine foot race of men of past Days a Hose jaw Bones so Many thousand various persons have clapped Over their own like horse collars without laying by a single one to convince the soul of scepticism. Quot such is the Vestibule of the Mammoth Cave a Hall which hundreds of visitors have passed through without being conscious of its existence. The path leading into the grand gallery hugs the Wall on the left hand and is besides in a hollow flanked on the right hand by lofty not kinds of Earth which the visitor if he looks at them at All As he will scarcely do at so Early a period will readily suppose to be the opposite Walls. Those who enter the Bat rooms into which flying visitors Are Seldom conducted will indeed have some faint suspicion for a moment that they Aie passing through infinite space but the Walls of the Cave being so dark As not to reflect one single Ray of Light from the dim torches and a greater number being necessary to disperse the gloom than Are usually employed they will still remain in ignorance of the grandeur around . In an attempt which we made to secure a drawing of the Vestibule we had it lighted up with n dozen or More torches and Flambeau Aud two or three bonfires beside but still the obscurity was so great that it was necessary in sketching any one part to have the torches for the time held before it. It was in fact impossible to Light it up so Quot As to embrace All its striking features in one View. We saw enough of it however to determine its Quality. It possesses not one particle of Beauty but its grandeur its air of desolation combined with majesty Are unspeakably ing water Gazette. He was immediately eminent in his walk. His subscription list doubled in three weeks. The Parson invited him to Tea. And Ellen Starkweather the daughter of a substantial Farmer on whose heart the Man of types had been Long trying to make an Quot impression Quot surrendered at the very next onslaught of gallantry and when i last visited my native town the enterprising editor though he had never ventured to take up the Quill again because he preferred the scissors and was not willing to Hazard his Fame had imitated the example of his contemporaries in other Large cities by enlarging his Sheet and become the father of nine As pretty children As Ever blessed Day Light the very types of himself. And Jeremiah Day s barn has become is famous in Story As the wooden horse of a Lysis. Frown the Madison Banner june 7. Daniel Webster visited our town on thursday last. Notice had been Given the Day previous of the probable time of his arrival. At the hour designated crowds of citizens from the town and country thronged the Quay. A gun from the Ben. Franklin As she swept gracefully round the Point gave notice of his approach and waa a Noworol by a gun from the Shore. Gun followed gun in Quick succession from boat and Liore and tie last of the old National Salute was echoing among Hill and Glen As the Franklin reached the wharf. Or. Webster was immediately waited on by the committee appointed to receive him and attended by them a committee of invitation from Cincinnati and several Gentl Emeil from Louisville he landed amidst the cheers and acclamations of the assembled multitude. He was seated in an elegant Trouche supported by Gen. Hendricks and John King esq., and Willi the different committees and a Large procession of citizens in Barouchas of horseback and on foot of nixed Niider the direction of messes. Wharton and Payne of the committee of arrangements marshals of the Day proceeded to the place appointed for his reception an Arbor erected at the North end of the Market House fronting the Large area formed by the intersection of main and main Cross streets and the Public Square and tastefully decorated with shrubbery evergreens and wreaths of Flowers. In the Back ground appeared portraits of Washington and Lafayette the declaration of Independence and several other appropriate badges anode that is i think Public measures of a very injurious character and tendency have been unfortunately adopted. But our Case is not one that leads us to too much despondency. The country the Happy and glorious country in which you and i live is great free Aud full of resources and in the main an intelligent and patriotic spirit pervades the come Ivinity. These will bring All things right. Whatsoever has been i judiciously or rashly done May be corrected by Wiser counsels. Nothing can for any great length of time depress the great interests of the people of the United states if Wisdom and honest Good sense shall prevail in their Public measures. Our resent Point of suffering is the currency. In re in opinion this is an interest with the preservation of which Congress is charged solemnly and deeply charged. A uniform currency was one of the great objects of the Union. If we fail to re maintain it we so far fail of what was intended by the National Constitution. Let us strive to Avert this reproach from that government and that Union which make us in so Many respects one people be assured that to the attainment of this end every Hovver and faculty of my mind shall be directed and May Providence so Pru Jasper lis that no More shall be Able to say that in and thing this glorious Union of the states has come Short of fulfilling either its own duties or the just expectations of the people. With sentiments of True Reffard gentlemen i am your much obliged Friend and fellow citizen Daniel Webster. To w. Lyle w. J. M Clure we. F. Col Lum a. W. Pitcher James e. Lewis David l. M Clure a sirs. Committee. If fellow citizens lean make myself Heerd by this numerous Assembly speaking As i do in the open air i will return to you my Heartfelt thanks for the kindness you have shown me. I come among you a stranger. On the Day before yesterday i placed my foot for the first time in the great and growing slate of Indiana. Although i have lived on terms of great intimacy and Friendship with several Western gentlemen members of Congress among whom is your estimable townsman near to gov. Hendricks i have never before had an Opportunity of seeing and forming an acquaintance for myself with my fellow Iii Zens of this Section of the Union i travel for this purpose. I confess that i regard with astonishment the evidences of intelligence Enterprise and refinement everywhere exhibited around me when i think of the Short time that has elapsed since the spot Wiere i stand was a howling wilderness. Since 1 entered Public life this state was unknown As a political government All the country West of the Alleg Hailies and North West of the Ohio constituted but one territory entitled to a single Delegate in the councils of the nation having the right to speak but not to vote. Since then the states of Ohio Indiana Illinois Michigan and thai Lon it i strip of country known As the territory of Wisconsin have been carved out of it. Indiana which numbers but Twenty years since the commencement of her political , contains a population of six Hundred thousands equal to the population of Mas a Ach setts a state of two Hundred years duration. In age she is an infant in strength Aud resources a i the gentleman who has just addressed Ine in. Such flattering but unmerited terms has been pleased to make kind mention of my attention to the Constitution and my Humble efforts in its support. I claim and therit on that acc Pilitt it ref Cults from my sense of its surpassing excellencies which must strike every Man who attentively and impartially examines it. I regard it and the work of the purest patriots and Wisest statesmen that Ever existed aided by the smiles Ofa Benignant Providence for when we regard it As a system of government growing out of the discordant opinions and conflicting write tests of thir teen Independent states it almost appears a divine interposition in our behalf. I have always with the utmost Zeal and the moderate abilities t possess striven to prevent its infraction in Thoj slightest particular cd cause i believed if that Bond of Union were broken we would never again be a United people. Where among All the polite Al tinkers the Constitution makers and the con Stitis Tion menders of the Day could we find a Nizart to make us another who would even to no Dre to propose a re Union where the starting Point and what the plan i do riot a pet miracles to follow each other. None could he proposed that would be adopted the hand that to destroys the Constitution rends our Union asunder forever. My Friend has been pleased to remember in his address my Humble support of the constitutional right of Congress to improve the navigation of our great internal Rivers Endito construct roads thro the different states. It is Well known that although i reside in a part of the country most Remote from you although i or. Marshall s address. Sir the people now assembled around you through me the Humble Organ of their selection Spring into existence and Advance with Rapi do most sincerely and cordially Welcome you to strides in tiie March of Prosperity Nul Power in Madison. In extending to you the most Liberal til your population has equalled that of my own hospitality they do no More however than they j state which you far surpass in Fertility of soil ant. Her appearance indicates tie full vigor of my opinions on this subject Are stronger than maturity while judging by the measure of her most Feii s. Believing that the object of the Ziy years she is yet in the Cradle. Ion was to secure the general safety and promote would be inclined to do towards the humblest citizen of our common country. But this Public and formal manifestation of the feeling of regard which they entertain for you is intended to do More Tolian info i you of the simple fact that Liere you can find food and shelter Ami partake with them of the pleasures of the social Circle. If this were All it might be communicated in a Tanner More acc pliable by to you the hand of the general welfare and that the Constitution was have seen you designed to Point out the Means of accomplishing these ends i have always been in favor of such measures As i deemed for the general Benefit under the restrictions and limitations prescribed by the Constitution itself. I supported them whith my voice and vote not because they were for the emblems while in front a Flag floated Proult Fly on f,., and kindly Point incr Cui to the family the Breeze bearing for its motto the Ever memo a assembling Rable sentiment with which he concluded his immortal speech in defence of the Constitution Quot Liberty and Union now and Fork Var oni and inseparable when the procession arrived or. W. Ascended the stand in the Arbor supported by gov. Hendricks and the committee of arrangements when he was appropriately and eloquently addressed by j. G. Marshall esq., on behalf of the citizens to which he responded in a speech of an hour s length. We give in another place the address of or. Marshall and a sketch though an imperfect one of or. Webster s reply. The number of persons present is Ngol the people around you it is intended to give you thai Consolation most grateful and cheering to every True american heart the people s approbation of your acts As a Public servant. This is done not with that abject feeling which characterizes the Hornage of subjects but with Tiiu nobler feeling which prompts freemen to Honor and esteem those who have been their country s benefactors. Prompted by such feelings the patriots of the revolution delighted to Honor the a incr of our country. He led his armies to Victory and thus wrested the liberties of his countrymen from the grasp Ofa tyrant a and May we estimated at upwards of two to Tousand while the Manifest Krati Vuic towards windows of the houses round the Square were crowded to the third Story with the Beauty and fashion of the town eager to catch even a glimpse or an accent of the matchless defender of tie Constitution and the Laws. After the conclusion of or. W s speech the procession was formed and after passing through several of the principal streets repaired to the Madison hotel where a Sumi Lupus collation had been prepared by or. Belt for the whole company. Numbers of our citizens without distinction of sect or party were introduced to or. A and amidst t in interchange of greeting and salutation and the flow of Champaigne hilarity and sentiment an hour was passed which will be Long remembered by those present As giving them As vivid and pleasant an impression of the Fine social qualities of or. Webster As they before had of his Genius and patriotism. About Sunset the company returned to the wharf when he went on Board and the boat moved off Quot under a Salute of 26 guns and the Long and deafening cheers of the people. Law two door East of the Post office. 4� of. The Providence journal has a correspondent who mixes Jocund things with grave affairs. For example there is the Ibl Loving digression in a discourse on the merits Ofa new fish Market in the town Quot i remember very Well my own native Village of Licking water where i staid till i was sixteen years of age. The Only event that Ever occurred in that place was the blowing Down of neighbor Bay s barn. The Licking water Gazette pounced upon this event As an Eagle pounces upon his legitimate prey. The saturday for country newspapers Are All printed Oil saturday the editor of the Licking water Gazette who had waited Ever since his establishment in the Village for an occasion to display his astonishing Powers at a paragraph discoursed in the following style Quot on m nday afternoon while the Hay makers were All out gathering in the Hay in anticipation of a showed from a Small Cloud that was seen hanging Over the Hilly regions towards tie Southeast a tremendous storm suddenly burst upon them and forced them to seek shelter from its violence. The wind whistled outrageously thro the old elms scattering the Beautiful foliage and then going Down into the Meadow where the men had just to abruptly left to Weir work unfinished and overturning the half made Ricks whisked them into the air and filled the whole afternoon with Hay. The barn belonging to or. Jeremiah Day was blown up at the very first outset falling upon or. Day s cow which it killed and also a Hen and nine Cli Ickens belonging to or. Day which had unhappily taken Refuge there from the threatening danger of the elements. Or. Day s loss is Quot on the appearance of this editorial apparition it was astonishing to behold the deference which was paid to the editor and publisher of the lick correspondence. Louisville May 30, 1837. Hon. Daniel Webster sir your fellow citizens of the town of Madison Indiana deeply impressed with a owns of the obligations which they and All the True lovers of Constitution ii Liberty and friends to our Happy and glorious Union for the Many prominent services rendered by you. To their beloved though now much agitated and injured country having at a meeting convened for the purpose appointed the undersigned a committee through whom to tender to you their salutations and the Hospit cities of their town desire us earnestly to request you to partake of a Public dinner or such other expression of the High estimation in which they hold you As May be most acceptable at such time As you May designate. Entertaining the Hope that you May find it convenient to comply with this request of our constituents and ourself tvs we beg leave with sentiments of the most profound respect and regard to subscribe ourselves. Your fellow citizens w. Lyle w. J. M Clure we. F. Collum a. W. Pitcher Jas. E. Lewis d. L. M Clure y s s o Louisville May 30, 1837.gentlemen i feel much honoured by tic communication which i have received you expressing the Friendly sentiments of my follow citizens of Madison and desiring that i should pay them a visit. Although so kid an invitation meeting me at to great a distance was altogether unlocked for i had yet determined not to pass so a interesting a Point on the Ohio without making some Short stay at it. I shall leave this on thurs Lay morning and will Stop at Madison and shall be most Happy to see any of its citizens who May desire to meet me. 1 must Pray to be excused from a formal Public dinner As Well from a regard to the time which it will be in my Power to pass with Yon As from a Geiger Al wish whenever it is practicable to avoid every thing like ceremony or show in my Intercourse with my fellow citizens. You truly observe gentlemen that the country at the present moment is agitated. I think too that a n Are right in saying it is injury Fiose who by the Power of their Niue Lidecis have Cal actually rebuked erroneous principles which Ivere evidently undermining and endangering the very existence of our beloved Union. Yes sir our country has now nothing to fear from external violence. It is a danger which the whole country can see on ils first approach and every Arm will be nerved at once to repel it it can be met at the Point of the Bayonet and millions would now As in Days that Are past be ready to shed their blood in defence of their country. But sir in those who artfully excite the Jias Sions and prejudices of the people and by presenting to diem the most plausible pretexts for their own selfish purposes Lead them thoughtlessly to abandon the sacred principles upon Wirich our government is founded and to reject the measures which can alone promote the Prosperity of the country a such we meet an enemy against a lion the most daring bravery of the Soldier is totally unavailing. The injury which is inflicted is not at first fell Lime is required to developed it and when developed the closest investigation May be necessary to Trace it to its cause a this the people May not be Able to accomplish. This enemy to the country can Only be discerned by the keen Eye of the statesman and met and conquered by the Power of his intellect. And be who is successful in thus defending his country May we a he l eld in grateful remembrance by his Ltd now Iii Zixt. It is for such reasons sir that we have presented Vou these testimonials of our approbation. Though personally a stranger to us Quot your Public character your masterly Elf oils in defence of the Constitution the services you have rendered the West and the principles and measures which you have so ably advocated arc known and approved and i Hope Wili Ever be remembered by us. And although coins of your Elf oils have proved for the time unsuccessful it is to be hoped they would now have a different a Fleck when the old and established measures of any government have beet abandoned for new ones simply As an Experiment Tui when that Experiment if it does not produce i to say the least immediately followed by ruin and distress in every part of the count Rye May we not Hope that men will at least calmly and dispassionately hear and Weiglin the reasons Why a different policy should be adopted but if the people s representatives cannot be convinced of the error into which they have been led it is High time the people themselves should arise from their slumbers a dark Cloud hangs Over the land so thick so dark a Ray of Hope can hardly penetrate it. But. Shall the people gird on Leteir Armor and March to Battle no sir it is a Battle which Uliey must fight through the ballot Box and perhaps they do not now know against what to direct their Elbrt they Are almost in a stale of despondency ready to conclude that they Are driven to the verge of ruin by a kind of irresistible Causo of the evil can be discovered Only by investigation and to their Public men they must look for information and for Wisdom to direct them. But sir it is not our object to relate to you our grievances or recount the past services which you have rendered your country a we wish to cheer you on to increased efforts in urging the measures you have heretofore so zealously and a Bly advocated. May your Success be equal to your efforts and May happiness and Prosperity attend Yon through life. I Quot to which or. Webster replied in substance As follows we have arranged the topics Iii the order he discus died them and have Given his in Viage As far As we. Could Call it to and Sal Brity of climate yet these things have excited in me no feelings of dislike or jealousy or envy. Of the contrary i have witnessed them with Pride uni pleasure when i 9aw in them the Gru wih of a member of our common country and with feelings warmer than Pride when 1 recollect thai there Are those among you who arc Bone of my Bone and flesh of my flesh who inherit my name and share my blood. When they came to me for my advice before leaving their hearths and Homes i did not oppose their desires or suggest Diin cuties in their paths i told them Quot go and join your destinies with those of the Hardy pioneers of the West share their hardships and partake their fortunes go and god Speed you Only carry with you your own Good principles Atid whether the Sun rises of you or sets on you let it warm american hearts in your though As i observed i live in a pit of the country most Remote from you fellow citizens i have been no inattentive observer of your history and Progress. I have heard the reports made in your legislature and the acts passed in pursue ers near a Hill. Or Ien any measure is pro auce thereof. 1 Havivi Tro of it it. The a Nap i Janises Lor the general Benefit will give Rise to car stale the routes marked out for extensive turn j ring claims and opposing interests. In such pikes rail toads and canals. I have read Wilh cases it has always appeared to me that the Point Benefit of the Avest but because they were for the Benefit of the whole country. That they Are local in their advantages As Well As in their constructions is an objection that has been and will be urged against every measure of the kind. In a country so widely extended As ours so diversified in ils Atid Iii the character of its people it is impossible that the operation of any measure should Aff Quot act All alike. Each has its own Peculiar interest whose advancement it seek we have the seacoast and you the Noble River that flows at your feet. So it must Ever is. Go to the smallest govern Richit in the world the Republic of san Marino in Italy possessing a Tern Lory of but ten Miles Square and you will find ils citizens separated but by a few Miles having some interests which on acc Oulu of local situation Are separate Aud distinct. There is not on the face of the Earth a Plain five Niiles Iri extent a those inhabitants Are the same in their pursuits and pleasures. Some will live on a Creek oth pleasure the acts providing for their establishment and completion. 1 do not pretend to offer you my advice it would perhaps be presumptuous but you will permit me to say that As far As i have examined them they Are conceived in Wisdom and evince great political skill and foresight. You have commenced at the right Point. Too pen the Means of commune Calion by which Man May when he wishes see the face of his Friend should be uie first work of every government. We May theorize and speculate about it As we please we May understand All the metaphysics of politics but ii men Are confined to the narrow spot they inhabit because they have not the Means of Irav Ehing when they please they must go Back to a stale of Baroa Risin. Social Intercourse is the Corner Stone if Good government. The nation that provides no Means for its in prove Neil has not Lake a the first Slop in civilization. Go on then As you have begun prosecute your works with Energy and perseverance be not daunted by imaginary difficulties a be Noi deterred by Quot exaggerated Calcut Lions of to Tell Cost a go on open your wildernesses to the Sun turn up the soil arid in the widespread and highly cultivated Fields the smiling villages and the Busy towns that will Spring up from the bosom of the desert you will reap a Rich Reward for your investment and Industry. Another of the Paramount objects of government to which 1 rejoice to see that you have turned your Aile lion is education. I speak not of College education nor of Academy education though they Are of great importance 1 speak of Quot free school education common school education. A among the planets in the sky of new England the burning lights which shod intelligence and happiness on her people the first and most. Brilliant is her Eystein of common schools. I j general suspension of specie payments by Whf congratulate a myself that my first speech on enter Banks beginning i kno a not where and ending in Public life was in Thor behalf. Of education to accomplish the ends of Gooij government should be universally diffused. Open the doors to be examined was whether the principle was general if the p Riti Ciple were general Quot although the application might be partial i cheerfully and zealously gave it my support. When an objection has been made to an appropriation for Clearing the snags out of the Ohio River a have answered it with the question Quot Woit cd you not vote for an appropriation to Clear the Atlantic Ocean of snags were the navigation of you coast thus obstructed a they contribute their portion of the Revenue to fortify your sea coast and erect piers Quot and harbours and Light houses from which they derive a Remote Benefit and Why not contribute yours to improve the navigation of a River whose Commerce enriches the whole country Quot it May be expected fellow citizens that i show say something on a topic which agitates and distracts the Public mind the deranged state of currency and the general stagnation of business. In giving my opinions on this topic i wish it distinctly understood that i Force them on no Man. 1 am an Independent Man speaking to in depends Quot ent men. 1 tii Ink for myself you of course enjoy and exercise the same right. I cheerfully concede to every one the Liberty of Dif Lerir a with a in in sentiment readily granting that he has As Good a Chance of being right As myself perhaps a belter. But i have some respect for my character As a Public Man. The present state of things has grown out of a series of measures to which a. Have been in uniform opposition. In Spe Alii n of their consequences i am doing but Justice to myself in so towing them in justification of Nefy conduct. T am performing a duty to my fellow Citi. Zeus who Uve a right to know the opinion 6f every Public maw. The present state of things is unparalleled in tie annals of our country. The of the school House to All the children in the land. Let no Man have the excuse of poverty for not dem sating his own offspring. Place the Means of education within his Eracli Ami if they remain in ignorance be it his o in reproach. If one object of the of your Revenue by pro Lection against crime you could not televise a better or cheaper Means of obtaining it. Oiler nations spend their Money in providing Means for its detection and punishment but it is for the principles of our government to provide for ils never occurring. The one acts by coercion the other by prevention. On the diffusion of education among the people rests the preservation and perpetuation of our free instil unions. 1 apprehend no danger to our country from a foreign foe. The pro acc to of a War with any powerful nation is too Remote to be a Mailer of calculation. Besides there is no nation on Earth powerful enough to accomplish our overthrow. Our destruction should it come at All will be from another Quarter. From tie inattention of the people to the of their government from to Weir carelessness and negligence i must confess that 1 do apprehend some danger. I f6ar that they May place too implicit a Confidence in their Public servants and fail to it openly scrub Init their conduct that in this Way they May be Matle Tho a Lupus of design thing men and become the instruments of their own undoing. Make them Intel ii it and they will be vigilant give them the of find or of detecting Tho wrong and they will of ply the remedy. A i know not where but comprehending the whole count Rye has produced wide spread Rii it and confusion through the land. I o you the scene is one of apprehension As yet to us of deep distress Quot iou cannot understand my yellow citizens Nufi can 1 describe it so As to enable you to understand the and suffering which is Dep Reg sing the spirit and crushing that a energies of to people of the by Girt slate of the East. You Are agriculturists Ycu produce what you Consumo and always have the Means of living within Yogi reach. We depend on others for their agr ii Ltd Quot ral productions we live by manufactures and Commerce of which credit is the life s blod the destruction of credit is the. of our Means of the Maii i hoc not fulfil his daily engage ii ends of a a Wittlif whom others full to fulfil theirs must suffer for his daily bread in d who arc those Yho suffer not the Rich for they can generally take care of is ingenuous and Fai sighted ready in Quot resources and Fertile in expedients to shelter itself from the impending storm shut it out from one source of in Virease and it will find other avenues of profit Ible investment. It is the industrious working part of comm unit a men Whoso hands have grown hard by h plying the plough and Puuing the oarsmen who depend on their daily labor and their daily pay who Whon the operations of Trade and. Commerce Are. Checked and palsied High a no Prospect for themselves and to Weir families but Beggary and starvation. All this has been attributed to causes a a different As can be i a named Over buying Over Selp Piff Ovar speculating of a a luf Elfon ter mrs ill blah Lari Dovi Ledgis do to tote of a a

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