Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
29 Jul 1846

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
29 Jul 1846

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - July 29, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana Vol. . Public sized wednesday morning by John d. Defrees at $2,00 per annul in Advance or. $2,50at Iceni of the year. Rates of advertising a nine lines or less for one insertion 50cts for three insertions �1,00 i or each subsequent insertion 23ct3. Scr a Liberal discount to those advertising by the year. Agents for this paper. Or. V. B. Falmer is authorised to receive Money on subscript Tiomi and in payment for advertise Nientsu for Vardyii by him. His offices Are at is. W. Corner of 3d and Chesnut St., p a Ladelphia a Tribune buildings in new York no. 20 slate St., Boston and s. E. Corner of Baltimore and Calvert St., Baltimore. Messes. Mason amp tut de no. 33 a Iuliani St., and or. George Pratt no. 164, Nassau St., new York Are also authorized agents for the same purpose. My. R. C. Green of Cincinnati Ohio is authorized to receive Money on subscription and in payment for advertisements forwarded by him from that City. The following gentlemen will please receive and Forward subscriptions for this paper. Auburn w. Park Ilie erty j. Yaryan Andersontown r. Williams Muncie t. J. Sample l. Bollman Imarion j. Brownlee bowl eng Green j. T. Karr a Madison w. N. Jackson it. Pleasant r. Brown Martinsville a. S. Griggs a Monticello d. M. Tilton Brookville j. Farquher Bloomfield s. Fellows , h. B. Horn Charlestown j. Ferguson Connersville w. M. Smith Covington j. S. Sloan Corydon w. A. Porter Crawfordsville j. Beard Centerville g. W. Julian Delphi h. Allen Danville j. S. Harvey Evansville j. N. Kirkendale new Albany j. S. Davis new Castle e. Murphy Newport w. P. Dole a Noble c. H., w. C. To Flor Point Commerce j. Allison Princeton s. Hall Plymouth w. G. Pomeroy Peru j. M. Defrees. Paoli t v. Thornton Eagle Village j. F. Daugherty Rochester a. Smith fran efort j. Thompson Franklin f. M. Finch fort Wayne a. W. Jones Greensburg j. T. Gibson Goshen j. Defrees Greencastle a. Stephenson Huntington e. I Murray Kokosko t. A. Long Lebanon j. C. Hocker Logansport g. W. Blakemore lug a j. T. Hobbs Laporte d. G. Rose Lafayette j. L. Meredith Rosie j. B. Huckeby Rockville t. Nelson rising Sun s. Jolley Rock Ort j. Find icy i Suville g. Tingley Spencer r. C. Howe South Bend. C. M. Heaton Salem r. Martin Terre haute j. Hager Vernon j. Vawter Vevay j. N. Martin Wabash j. D. Cassat Williamsport j. Bucl the journal is sent free of postage to the following Post offices Viz Marion , Clermont Allisonville Germantown Cumberland new Bethel Bridgeport Augusta. Hendricks , Plainfield Bellville tiles a Lille Danville new Winchester Brownsburg Springtown North Salem. Hamilton , Noblesville Royal ton Straw town Cicero. Booze , Thornley Ville Royalton Jamestown Eagle Village Northfiel. Morgan , Monrovia. Hancock , sugar Creek Charlottsville Philadelphia Eden. Johnson county a Greenwood Franklin far West. Shelby View Shelbyville Morristown. From the ladies National Magazine. The Quot dark and bloody by Hiram Kelsey. To Plains and valleys Mountain Glen and Glade. Groomed in the Forest grandeur. O or thy breast wildness and Beauty spread a solemn Shade and slumbered Long amid its holy rest. Peace like a pall Hung o or thy Waters Blest in the Lone wanderings till at last the cry of vengeance As the Savage nations test the embittered strife the War whoop shrill and High startles thy Leafy Woods and mounts up to the sky. In items of darkness and in Days of doubt the dread ordeal tried thy sons of Yore the plumed chieftains and their gathering shout the dark red Foeman bathed in human Gore. Struck Home and Slaughter gushed thy Broad Vales o or. And there thy Young Arm nerved in strength became thine Segis formed to guard thee evermore while in thy Quot growing greatness Quot unto Fame thou Gay St Fuu May i grud and glorious name. Land of the bloody deed and dark Emprise Well Hast thou won and nobly worn thy name thy stirring scenes like magic round me Rise. And paint in terror once again the flame consuming Homes of heroes heirs of Fame nature s nobility in Stern array. Struggling with nations that together came to crush the daring Pale facet rom their Sway and Boone shall live when prouder names have passed away. And Well Kentucky have thy sons essayed. That on their sires Escutcheon no foul blight should rest. They Ever with the trusty Blade with souls of lire and arms of matchless might and bold Stout hearts stood Foremost in the tight. And Many a stricken Field names in its round of honoured dead heroes who throw a Light of glory o or thee and the bugles sound still wakes the scarred old warriors of the bloody ground nor is the Battle ground thy Only Field of High achievement in the Senate Hall the Wise men of a mighty nation yield the Palm of eloquence to thee and All Are hushed to rapture by the words that fall. Thrilling and glowing from the lips of one whose Eye beams Forth with soul and fire to Call the lightning of the mind to Flash and none a in burning eloquence could match thy Quot favorite from the american whig review. Relations with Mexico. Concluded the attitude assumed by Mexico immediately after our Resolution of , made it necessary in the opinion of the president Quot As a precautionary measure to order a Strong Squadron to the coasts of Mexico and to concentrate an efficient military Force on the Western Frontier of Texas was or might be an important question which it was not competent to the president to decide. But our army took up a position at Corpus Christi on or near the right Bank of the Niece so a River which marked the Well known Boundary of the old province or department of Texas on the West. This was Early in August of last year and the avowed object of the movement was Quot to repel any invasion of the texan territory which might be attempted by the mexican the president considered the texan territory even alien which was Long before the annexation was consummated and while Texas was still As much an Independent re Publ c As she Ever was As a part of the territory of the United states and to be defended accordingly. Oil this Assumption absurd and mischievous As we deem it to be he was right in taking proper precautions for its defence against a threatened invasion if he believed the danger to be real As we suppose he did. Admitting that it was even at that period the duty of tie executive to be prepared to repel any invasion of Texas by the mexican forces and to place the army near where it would be needed if Mexico should declare Var against us and admitting also that Vith this object in View it was proper that the j that i do not declare army should have been directed to take up a position in the Quot but the Sci ence of and fifty Miles from the Rio Del Norte and until having finally received positive orders he moved to the latter River. We affirm that Mexico would not have made War on Llie United states on account of annexation nor would she have invaded Texas or crossed the Rio Grande with an army if the president lipid kept his forces wholly out of tins or had contented himself with the Iii Lefary occultation of Texas alone within the Well known limits of the ancient state or province of that name. No Man of sense can Havo ans doubt on this Point who understands what the of Mexico has been and what has actually transpired since the measure of annexation was begun. If she made no attempt to reconquer Texas for Long years when Texas stood alone she was not Likely to begin such an Enterprise after that country had come into our to session. Long before annexation she had become satisfied that her hold on Texas was gone the Only difficulty was in making the acknowledgement. She was even ready and offered to do this in the Prospect of annexation if Texas would pledge herself to remain Independent. Indeed itis known that Mexico had for some time cared for nothing else in regard to Texas hut to save the Point of Honor. She was willing to let her escape and to quit of her on this condition. A no Nunal reunion resulting and designed to result in Complete separation would have satisfied her at any time. It is True that until some arrangement of the sort could be effected her military Chicks deemed it politic to talk of re Conquest and invasion but it was talk Only. They became a Little More vociferous on the event of annexation still it was talk Only. The government of Herrera was Well understood to be opposed to invading Texas and in favor of an amicable settlement with the United states. He fell partly on account of this imputation but Paredes who succeed it i was just As Little disposed to undertake such a Conquest As Here a had been. And not Only would there have been no invasion or attempt at invasion if the a resilient had occupied Only to proper and acknowledged soil of Texas but i is Manifest Liat nothing of the sort would have occurred Nowith stain ing that stir army had crossed the uni Ces and taken j position on the West Bank of that River provi died the president had allowed it to remain there. Corpus Christi Kaiui a narrow strip of country on the West Bank of the nieces though not a part of the ancient province of Texas had been actually occupied Liy texans and governed by the Laws of the Republic. General Taylor had held his position there for six Mont Lis without disturbance at the end. As at the beginning and vastly less so. At first there was some apprehensions both in the Camp and at Washington that Mexico might mean something by her threats of War and invasion. But this apprehension soon subsided at both Points. On the 6th of september within three weeks of his arrival at Corpus Christi general Taylor writes Quot i have the Honor to report that a confidential agent dispatched some Days since to Matamoras has returned and Raj ports that no extraordinary preparation was going Forward there that the Garrison does not seem to have been increased and that stir Consul is of the opinion there will be no declarant if of he adds Quot i must express the Hope that no militia Force will be ordered to join me without Rny requisition for it. Quot 12771 confident that none icily he or and on the 17th of september the Secretary of state writes from Washington Quot information recently received at this department. Renders it probable that die 3iexicaii government May not be willing to restore the diplomatic relations Between the two we say confidently that from the month of september Down to and including the kith of january when a Perenis torn order was issued to general Taylor to move to tie Rio Grande there was not the least reason to apprehend nor was any serious apprehensions actually Felt by the administration at Washington that Mexico would declare War or would attempt an invasion of Texas or even Cross the Rio Grande with an army. If it was otherwise let it be shown. It cannot he shown or pretended. For any movement of troops or demonstrations of hostile purpose the administration relied for information on general Gajdor at Corpus Christi. Not an expression can be found in any letter of his from the month of september Onward which indicated danger. On the contrary every thing breathed of repose quiet and place. And the news of peace from general Taylor was confirmed to the administration from other quarters. The Secretary of War writes to him under Date of october 16 Quot the in foun Tiou which to have Here renders it probable that no serious attempt was made by Mexico to invade Texas Al Trio ugly she continues to threaten we repeat and we charge in the most solemn manner not Only the fact but the president and his Cabinet Well knew that so Long As general Taylor remained or should remain in his position at Corpus Christi so Long As they refrained from pushing the army Forward towards the Rio Grande no War and no invasion was to be apprehended from Mexico. All the accounts show conclusively that after the month of August and up to the time of this fatal movement of our army from the nieces there had been no concentration of mexican troops on that Frontier no movement of troops towards it and no preparations for any such movement. The military correspondence shows this fact beyond All dispute. The collision of arms Between us and Mexico resulted without any sort of doubt or question from the movement of our army to the Rio Grande. The present War is the necessary consequence of that movement and is attributable to that cause alone. This movement was commenced about the first of March and every Active preparation for resistance by Mexico was made after that period or at least after the time when the news of this intended movement reached her capital. Meja was then in command of a Small Force not two thousand men at Matamoras. Ampudia was at the capital but marched to Matamoras with a Force of two or three thousand men where he arrived and assumed command a fortnight after general Taylor had sat Down before that Cit. A fortnight later on the 4th of april Arista arrived and assumed the command. And what was the attitude and position which commanders assumed under instructions from their government ? each in succession issued a proclamation or sent a communication to general Taylor. That of Ampudia recited the explicit demands of his government. They were in substance that general Taylor should forthwith break up his Camp and retire to nieces until the question of the Boundary should be settled Between the two governments. Quot if Quot said he you persist in remaining on the soil of the department of Tam Aid ipas it must certainly result that arms and arms alone must decide the the answer of Taylor was Quot the instructions under which i am acting will not permit me to retrograde from the position i now Taylor acts As he is ordered and says Little. He immediately ordered the blockade of the Mouth of the Rio Grande to Cut off Quot All supplies from Matamoras Quot it will Quot said he a few Days afterwards Quot compel the mexicans either to withdraw their army from Matamoras where it cannot be subsisted or to assume the offensive on this Side of the River he was right. On the very next Day Captain Thornon s command was attacked and sixteen men killed and wounded and Quot hostilities were now considered As general Arista considered hostilities commenced before this. The mexican army in Force soon after Quot assumed the offensive on this Side of the River Quot and the country is informed of the we desire in All this that our readers should note the attitude assumed by the mexican commanders. The proclamation of the president was Quot i solemnly announce Wir against the United the mexican territory invaded to himself to secure out of our difficulties with Mexico has been the acquisition of territory. Fifteen Hundred Miles of territory from the Mouth to the highest sources of the Rio Grande on the left Bank of that River including several towns and cities and sixty thousand mexicans with several of the richest Nunes in All Mexico so much at least was to be secured. And if upper California with Monterey and the Fine Harbor of san Francisco could be clutched at the same time no doubt the president has thought that his administration would to signalized As among the most glorious to March to Quot the Point of his ultimate but Tain As Long ago As the loth of june that the Rio Grande Taylor waited for orders and when they came he Inar Clied. Constituted Boundary. Gen. Taylor was then and lie had no sooner passed out of tie Valley of the nieces so instr eted. I under instructions he took up a Osi Tiou in and Over the unsettled Region adjoining than a became Texas Quot beyond the nieces Quot and this occupation was de fully aware that to was in a fir disc country at tie head of signed expressly for the Protection and defence of Texas an in Ding army and Surron Ndeki by enemies. Lis Situa not of Texas on this Side of that River Only but of Texas Tion wholly changed. At Corpus Christi he had s. A no in wherever Texas was and wherever texans were Liy or Einy mexican traders came and went and All w adhered. Ders of tie Lidi of Kuiv he was to protect and defend Quot the his Advance began to be met he says by armed parties of territory of Texas to Quot the extent that it has been occupied i i Dicuns thrown out to observe his Force and is move by the eople of Quot the Rio in Rule is claimed to ments. At the Arroyo Colorado he was met by a consider a be the Boundary Between the. Two countries and up to this in the annals of the aggrandised Republic. He has Calculi Able Force who informed him that they were there a dispute Boundary Yon Are to extend your Protection Only excepting Ted largely on the supreme affection which he thinks Ani his Massage of that River with positive orders to fire on him any Post on the Eastern Side thereof which arc in the actual if he attempted to Cross. H i crossed As in the presence of occupancy of mexican forces or mexican settlements Over j an enemy his Quot batteries of Field artillery planted so As which tiie Republic of Texas did not exercise jurisdiction at to sweep the opposite the mexicans a treated. The period of annexation or shortly before that some Miles before reaching Point Isabel he was met by a such was then the general s orders and under them and civil deputation bearing a White Flag from Matamoras. To fulfil them to the letter he selected and maintained his i they brought with them a formal protest of the perfect of position on the West Bank of the nieces. What we want a the Northern District of Tamaulipas against his occupation to know is what had a ripened. Of or about the 13th of j of that country. Quot the citizens of this District Quot says this january to creat it Sincli an Quot urgent necessity Quot for directing i respectful and dignified document Quot in tie exercise of the his position to be changed from the nieces to the Rio natural rights of self defence protest through their Organ a Grande ? and that change to be made too wholly regard in the most that neither now nor at and time ices of ail my Wicall Josts or mexican Settle meets 011 this do they consent or will Ever consent to ski Ehte them Side of tie River up to that time the Quot army of oct spa selves from the mexican Kerl Inland unite tji Tiou Quot in its position at Corpus Christi had ser cd Abun to the United states of the the in Daniy to protect text and the whole of it to the extent habitant. Must Wii Tever professions of peace on May that it has Bee i occupied by the people of Texas and a strictly in accordance with the orders of the i5th of june employ regard you As openly Conn nitting Taylor found this Inforno ution strictly Aiu. Lit rally True. The buildings at Point Sal Tel fired at his approach. The inhabitants abandoned their Homes and cultivated Fields and fled us he advanced. When in i his position opposite Matamoras in his Brief Soh Lierly Way of writing he sums no the Case in Liis Quot the attitude of the mexicans is so fir decidedly he conducted himself accordingly. Quote or Side Quot said he Quot a halt try of four 18 Poun it lers will be co nip Ted and the guns placed in Battery to Niay. 7 horse gain hear i Irv Cllia upon he Lilic of Narr of Tuti works mid Irith in Good no disc for do ii Ali i Iii the loin. Their Cunnold in ii Iii Ikon Hij Chr in Iny to Only o a Tep was wanting to Quot Mompoi the Maxi Calis i hit to with a. W their army from , or to Assuna the Oft. Is be on this Side of the River Quot that step Vav As to blockade tie Mouth of the River and it was Tione we lire not con Einung general Taylor. This War was not his but the president s. And it was no sin of Ign Orancia in the presi Ilent. He knew that the country on the Rio Grande had never been occupied by texans or to it eclied by texans except to be destroyed or Caj inured As enemies. He an l the Quot both of july. No War had been declared and Texas hid not Bei n invaded and All was sincerely Felt in the Camp or in the Cabinet. We have furnished tile proof of this Sif if cant fact already. We ask a in then wherefore the orders of the kith of january ? in Liat a Quot the grounds of that Quot urgent necessity Quot which then to provide Esperi Day for the better defence of Quot that portion Quot of Colin try which lies beyond the nieces ? certainly the does not account for it by declaring the Quot Inzanti Iii Texas by the final action of our ingress had become an in Egeria part of our l Nion Quot a nor by de Carinn As if it were a new idea to him tar Texas had its Vest can on tie to i Randez nor yet talking of that Boundary As Quot in exp Osi d Frontier Quot proper and convenient to he by the protecting forces of the gov eminent. On the 2 id of August a dispatch written fro Washington to Nonu general Tayler that the administration then had Quot reason to believe that Mexico was making efforts to assemble a Large army on the Frontier of Texas Quot and he was instructed that Quot should Mexico assemble a Large body of too Jas on the Rio Grande and Cross it with a knew that the inhabitants were mexicans that the whole i considerable Force Sacii a movement must to regarded As an District was under the quiet and und Stu had Rule of the civil invasion of the United states and the of authorities of Mexico Ani was occupied and protected b a and yet he w is told in the same despatch that her military Post. In the earliest Dis Pat Dies from the de they Quot had no More explicit Inspru rations to give him in regard part meet of War general Taylor Vas advised of the j to his movements than he had been already at Dice of these military posts and mexican settlements this that time even a danger Felt to be i eminent could not draw Side the Rio Iran de. And now let the president answer from the president a i order to move the army to the whether he did begin this War. He invaded with his army 1 Rio Grande what the Naii e of , was it that a foreign country in Possession of a foreign Peot be and made that order of such Quot urgent necessity Quot on the 13th of under the Rule of a foreign Power. And this is War i it january ? was in every step of the March for the last Hundred Miles but we have not forgot in that the president Lind then As a forced invasion with military array a conquering March he states Quot received such information from i sex co As Ren with inhabitants fleeing and military parties retreating be a dered it probable if not certain that the mexican govern fore it. And this is War it was an invasion of a foreign ment would i fuse to receive on if the presi country to the distance of one Hund Reil Miles beyond where Dent really of ers this As a reason for moving the army to the United states or the Republic of Texas had Over exer the Rio Grande then it must have been on one of two cited or pretended to exercise jurisdiction and the invasion grounds either that he intended to consider the rejection of did not Stop till at that distance from any territory which or. Slidell As cause of War to make it if he could the of we Ever had the slightest pretence to Call our own a Power Casion of War with Mexico on the part of the unite a states Ful Battery was planted to Quot hear directly on the Public and to Lead the Way to the commencement of hostilities a Square Quot of a foreign City Quot within Good Range for demolish Cordingly or he apprehended that Mexico would follow up ing the town Quot if this is not War will tie president Tell that act by herself making War on us or inv uling Texas us in the name of All the martial gods at once what War is ? we think that no Reader who has followed us thus far can doubt that the president of the United states is alone responsible for the War with Mexico that that War is to be attributed solely to the March of our army under his orders from the nieces to the Rio grander Tufit that March itself was a hostile invasion and the commencement of hostile operations. There is not a nature in Christendom or in the nov we Are Prev cared to say and maintain that the president had not the slightest reason to believe nor do we sup pose he did believe or would so pretend that Mexico was about to commence hostilities because she had rejected or would reject our minister. The subject of this Mission and the temper and manner in which it was conducted ought to receive a full exposition in this connection. But we cannot enter into it. We think if the object really was to conciliate the mexican government in the Mattero f an world having the ability and the courage that would not j next Ion tie Point of offence to Mexico nothing would have resisted such an invasion under the like circumstances. Have been More unhappy than the course adopted and per it remains to inquire what justification or apology the presi i listed in. And the government should have known that Dent offers or can offer for making this War. To can do such conciliation was the Way both to peace and to but Small Justice to this part of our subject in Tho the Securi in of our just rights and interests at the hands of that is left to us for this article. Mexico. But let this pass. Mexico refused to receive or. Let us not in this inquiry be diverted from the True Slidell in the Ordinary form As a minist a resident near that Point in the Case. This War As we have seen was begun by j government until he or somebody else had first been retire act of the president in moving the army from Corpus Cei Ved As a commissioner to make terms with her in regard Christi on the West Bank of the nieces and sending it to to annexation. Such a commissioner she professed herself take Possession of the country of the East of the Rio willing to receive. Or. Slidell insisted that she had promised Grande Del Norte. The question is what sufficient reasons to re Cievo a minister with full Powers. This she denied existed to justify this act i the president makes the most and he was rejected. Now the very grounds on which she of his on Case in his message to Congress of the 14th of j put this rejection however absurd and however false May. We feel bound to give him the Benefit of his defence show conclusively that she did not mean War by this reject just As he has presented it. Here it is Quot this Force the army was concentrated at Corpus Christi and remained there until i had received such information from Mexico As rendered it probable if not certain that the mexican government would refuse to receive our envoy. Quot meantime Texas by the final action of our Congress had become an integral part of our Union. The Congress Tion. She meant to run the Hazard of a War begun by us for such a cause but the manner of the rejection precluded the idea of its being taken As a declaration of War on her part or As leading necessarily to such a declaration or to any act of hostility. We Are perfectly Safe in saying that the president did not so regard it by anticipation or other Vise. The other alternative then remains namely that he in of Texas by its act of december in the 136, had declared j tended to consider and so far As depended on him to make. The Rio Del Norte to be the Boundary of that Republic. Its jurisdiction had been extended and exercised beyond the nieces. The country Between that River and Del Norte had been the rejection of or. Slidell taken in connection with the unsatisfactory state of our relations with Mexico cause of War or rather the occasion of War with that Power and that he directed the movement of our army to the Rio represented in the Congress and in the convention of Texas Grande by his order of the 13th of january As a hostile of had thus taken part in the act of annexation itself and is j ration or at least calculated in its very nature and by its now included within one of our congressional districts our own Congress had moreover with great unanimity by the act approved december 31st, la l5, recognized the country beyond the nieces As a part of our territory by including it within our own Revenue system and a Revenue officer to reside within that District has been appointed by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Quot it became therefore of urgent necessity to provide for the defence of that portion of our country. Accordingly on the Luh of january last instructions were issued to the general in command of these troops to occupy the left Bank of the Del Norte. This River which is to the South Western Boundary of the state of Texas is an exposed Frontier. From this Quarter invasion was threatened upon it and in its immediate Vicinity in the judgment of High military experience Are the proper stations for the protecting forces of the government. Quot in addition to this important consideration several others occurred to induce this movement. Among these Are the facilities afforded by the ports at Brazos Santiago and the Mouth of the Del Norte for the reception of supplies by sea the stronger and More healthful military positions the convenience for obtaining a ready Supply of provisions water fuel and forage and the advantages which Are afforded by the Del Norte in forwarding the supplies to such posts As i May to established in the Interior and upon the Indian i i we will see what this defence amounts to. The army i had lain quietly for several months at Corpus Christi disturbing no body and nobody disturbing it on the loth of january it became in the opinion of the president Quot of urgent necessity Quot to provide for the defence of that particular sect Jin of country which lies Between the nieces and the necessary effects and results to leave no alternative but War to either government. We believe this to have been the exact state of the Case. Indeed the proof that it was so is at hand and is incontrovertible. Oil thc2uth of january or. Buchanan addressed a dispatch to or Slidell written after information had been received of the Quot probable Quot rejection of the minister. In this dispatch the purpose of the president is fully disclosed. He tells or. Slidell in of his final rejection that Quot nothing will thu remain for this government but to take the redress of tie wrongs of its citizens into its own Quot the desire of the president is that you or. Slidell should conduct yourself with such Wisdom and firmness in the crisis that the voice of the american people shall be unanimous in favor of redressing the wrongs of our much injured and Long suffering in other words this affair was to be so conducted that the hearts of the american people in Ifft be Quot prepared for finally or. Buchanan says "771 the mean time the president in anticipation of the final refusal of the mexican government to receive you has ordered the army of Texas to Advance and take Possession on the left Bank of the Rio Grande and has directed that a Strong Leet shall be immediately assembled in the Gulf of Mexico. He will thus be prepared to act with vigor and promptitude the moment Bluit Congress shall give him the authority what becomes now we ask in View of this explicit declaration of the pretence set up by the president that his order of the 13th of january for the movement of the army from the nieces to the Rio Grande was prompted by some new and urgent necessity Quot to provide for defence of that portion of our country Quot who does not now see that that order originated in another and a very different design the rejection of or. Slidell was to be the signal for War the of mates the american people for their neighbor s possessions a or what he supposes to be the covetous desires the rapacity and the ambition of the Quot Model witness the absurd and false claim set up to the whole of Oregon As High As fifty four forty and his readiness to involve us in War with England to Hack this prevention. The president must allow us to do him the Justice to say that he has been More consistent with himself from the he giving of this mexican business than he has been willing should publicly appear. As soon As he was fairly settled in his seat his policy was fixed. Texas proper was secured already and without his Aid. He must have More than Ever belonged to Texas. There was the Fine country of the Rio grander that he would have at All hazards and his appetite was Sharp for California also. Mexico owed our citizens some millions and she was unwise enough to sulk about annexation and yet leave these debts unpaid. Here was a capital Chance for a blow and a speculation. He could get her lands in consideration of the debts and make War upon her if need be to secure them and still throw the fault of the War on her. He could make her Bear All and everything the loss of Texas the loss of As much More territory As we could grasp and the blame and the Cost of the War. The new territory acquired would nay for All and the country would sing paeans to the president and compel him to serve them for another term. Mexico was poor distracted in anarchy and almost in ruins what could she do to stay the hand of our Power to impede the Anarch of our greatness we were. Anglo Saxon americans it was our Quot destiny Quot to possess and to Rule this continent we were bound to do it to were a chosen people and this was our allotted inheritance and we must drive out All other nations before us the president was ready to bring on this War with Mexico in june a year ago. Everything was said and done to seduce general Taylor even then to prepare for his March and not to Stop Short of the Rio Grande. At first some degree of caution was employed. He was to defend Texas As far As wherever texans had extended their possessions and he was to approach As near the Rio Grande As prudence would allow. But to was not to disturb any mexican posts or mexican settlements. Shortly after this he was told if a mexican Force should Cross the Rio , or attempt to it this would be War and Texas must be defended an object which he would then but secure by himself crossing the River and taking and Hodding Possession of Matamoras and Quot other places Quot in the country. No More cautions now about mexican posts and settlements this Side of the great River. Finally he was told with the Rio Grande again distinctly set before him Quot Yoh need not wait for directions from Washington to carry out what you May deem proper to be done. This was said to general Taylor after tha president had become satisfied that Quot no serious attempt would be made by a Mexico to invade still the wily Soldier held Back. Mexico would not invade Texas and Taylor would not invade Mexico. What was to be done ? says the president army and Navy had remained on the Frontier and coasts of Mexico for Many weeks without any hostile Toni ement on her part i deemed it important to put an end if possible to this state of then the Mission to Mexico was undertaken. It was undertaken in order Quot to put an Cid to this state of things the president was impatient that Mexico would commence no hostile movement on her part. That Mission came to an unhappy conclusion and still without any Prospect of a Quot hostile movement Quot on the part of Mexico. And then it was and finally Quot to put an. End to this state of things that the peremptory order was Given for the March of our army to the Rio Grande. Hence the War a and he who runs May read How it was begun and for what objects it was undertaken. We had intended in conclusion to recur to the plans of the administration for prosecuting this War in connection with the objects manifestly proposed to be secured by and we had intended also to note some of Tho More glaring in Static. S where the Constitution has been and is wantonly trampled upon in this business. But we must Stop. Hardly has the president deemed it necessary to pay even a decent and cold respect to the remains of that once venerated instrument. In every step of his Progress in sending an army into Texas and in authorizing a Call for militia from that country while it was still a foreign and Independent Republic ill directing the invasion of the proper soil of Mexico covered with mexican posts and settlements in beg Ninga War with Mexico on his sole authority even though Congress was then present at Washington and finally now in undertaking the Conquest of Mexico even if need to to the Gates of the Imperial City with an army to be composed of militia to the amount of five sixths of its numbers when his utmost authority under the Constitution is to employ militia Quot to repel invasions Quot a in All these things and in others which might be named he manifests a reckless disregard of constitutional restraints and of his own solemn oath in which he leaves far behind him in the career of daring Experiment and political gambling the worst and boldest of his predecessors. God help the country while he remains at the head of it we have intimated in the commencement of this article what we thought the administration ought to do the initiative Steps it ought immediately to take to restore peaceful relations with Mexico. But we confess we have Little to Hope from the administration a except in the difficulties which will certainly Environ every step of its future Progress in its proposed career of Conquest. Possibly Mexico having done what she could May soon succumb to our Power. But beyond this our Hopes of peace rest mainly on the interested interposition of other Powers of England or France or both with their Friendly offices to mediate Between us and Mexico. Without such mediation if prayers of ours could be heard in such High quarters we would Pray the administration for the Honor of the country for humanity s Sake to make peace with Mexico. We Pray god to put thoughts of peace into their hearts peace with Justice and Honor peace without Conquest or the Wanton desire of spoiling the enemy of his goods his possessions and his heritage. D. D. B. Texan territory where we ask was the necessity that the by the troops of the United states is of Paramount very first position of our forces should have been taken on i the commanders called of general tay the farther Side of the nieces. Did not the president j or to retire to the nieces As his occupation of Quot the know that every Inch of ground beyond the nieces was i soil of Tamaulipas Quot must Lead to hostilities. And we advert disputed territory Between Mexico and Texas ? did he not know that the Resolution of annexation expressly reserved the question of Boundary Between us possessing the texan territory and Mexico to be settled by Friendly negotiation and that it was this very country Between the nieces and the Rio Grande and the whole of it which formed the subject of dispute ? certainly he knew All of this and he knew too that if any thing could at that time the taking to these things now As affording indubitable proof of the position we have been insisting on namely that Mexico had Long since abandoned All idea if she had Ever seriously in Rio Grande. Why what new exigency had Arisen to a Sii a ground of which should be the unsatisfied claims of demand now not before the special defence of Quot that portion Quot i our citizens on the Justice of Mexico. There were real of of country ? the president answers &Quot.meantime, Texas j jets which were not disclosed. The hearts of our people by the final action of our Congress had become an integral j were to be prepared for the War. Congress was to be a part of our Union Quot and the country Quot Between the nieces pealed to for its authority but not As events have Demou and Del Norte Quot was a part of Texas and hence Quot the or started a until a hostile incursion and military Demontra gent necessity to provide for the defence of that portion of our country Quot on the 13th of january. But or. President allow us respectfully to remind you that if the Rio Grande pertained it of declaring or making War on account of the was the South Western Boundary of Texas it did not come annexation of Texas to the United states with an undefined Boundary or of invading or occupying that territory or any part of it with her forces that if general Taylor had been suffered to remain at Corpus Christi no War and so on or near the 13th of january 1846, or at about the time when Texas by the final action of our Congress be tons under executive direction carried through mexican settlements and mexican military posts up to the Gates of a mexican City More than one Hundred Miles beyond the remotest dwelling of any texan citizen and the remotest limits of texan authority and jurisdiction had made the War inevitable and left Congress to alternative but to adopt and military of this disputed territory would bring j no collision would have taken place and that hostilities and on a War. It was not enough for him to take Possession of the War Are to be attributed solely to the marching of our the undisputed soil of Texas at that Early Day to hold it army to the Rio Del Norte. It was not Texas that Mexico against the Day when should be consummated. I undertook to invade or defend but it was the soil of Tam even shave shown Liat he might have done this with Imp j Hulipas invaded by our army even to the Banks of the Del nity. But this could not satisfy him. Long before any at a Norte that she Quot attempted to protect. She submitted in tempt was made or thought of to open negotiations with terms express As she could make them before a blow was Mexico for the peaceable settlement of the question of Boundary he orders general ta3dor, As soon As the convention of Texas should have passed on the proposition of annexation to March into Texas and he instructs him that the Point of his Quot ultimate destination Quot Vas Quot the Western fron struck to our forcible occupation of Texas up to and even Over the nieces More than that pending the question of Boundary Between the tvo countries she resolved not to submit to. We can think of nothing More absurd and silly than tier Quot of Texas where he occupy a position with reference in a Case like this to the party that struck the first his army on or near the Rio grander the extremist limit to blow As determining the question As to which party began which the nominal paper title of Texas had Ever gone. Gen a the War. We have no hesitation whatever in saying that eral Taylor is told in another despatch Quot you will approach i the president of the United. Slates began this War. The As near the Boundary line the Rio grander As prudence people of this country and the world will hold him respond will a Quot the desires that your sible for it. Let him justify it if he can. We have said position for a part of your forces at Leat should be West of before and on another occasion that it was not his fault the River these letters a tic Iier general Taylor to that this War was not begun Many months earlier than it push at once for the extremes limits the Rio grander they j was. He began in the first summer month of 1845 to Point instructed him to pass Quot West of the River a he waste vision of a Brave military commander to the Banks of too old a Soldier to be caught in any trap set for him at tie Rio Del Norte. Taylor was a Warrior bred in Camps came an integral part of our Union. You yourself Date prosecute it. The president knew As Well As we could Tell that Boundary from the Width of december 18s6 and be Ifni that the Rio Del Norte was the nominal Boundary of sides this your army had actually occupied the texan Texas Only that Texas could not make it her Boundary by country yes and Quot beyond the nieces Quot a for several j her declaration merely that the country on the East Bank of months before your order of the 13th of january and be i that River for fifteen Hundred Miles constituting parts of four fore Texas by your present confession had become an in a provinces or departments of Mexico with several cities ter Gal Art of our Union by final action of Congress. Sev Santa be among the number was inhabited exclusively by eral months before that order you assumed in derogation of i mexicans and was As it had been continually exclusively the Constitution and to the great scandal of your country a Ider mexican jurisdiction that the question of Boundary i that Texas by the action of tie Congress or convention of expressly reserved in the act of annexation related solely i that Republic became an internal portion of our in icon and to the country beyond the nieces and in the direction of the Vou ordered a army to March there to occupy and do fend it i Rio Grande a que Iti ii which it was one object i As such. I or months before Texas became a state of this j of the Mission of or. Slidell instituted by the president 1 Union while she was still an Independent Republic gov himself to adjust with Mexico that the jurisdiction of Texas earned in All things by her own Republican authorities your though exercised Quot beyond the nieces Quot never extended to or i Quot army of Occa Patio Quot by your order was encamped and near the Rio Grande that though Trio country Quot Between entrenched in that country to defend it As an integral por i these two Rivers had been represented in the Congress and Tion of our Union. And if the Rio Grande was the bound convention of Texas and is now included within one of our Ary of Texas in january 1846, it was not less than the congressional districts and within our Revenue system yet Boundary of Texas in july 1845 and we do not yet see that neither texan authority nor the authority of the uni therefore How your obligations on your own principles to Ted states had Ever approached within a Hundred Miles of came so much More Quot urgent Quot to provide for the defence of the Rio Grande until our Power was carried there by the that portion of Texas beyond the nieces in january than March of an invading army. All this the president it had been in july. Knew and we believe he acted with a full understanding certainly the president seemed to Ente Taui no doubt or at least a confident expectations of the consequences that Washington he obeyed the orders and gave the invitation who had never any fault to find with his , except from the beginning that As soon As Texas herself had acted have resulted , he issued his order for the March of that the go by. He took his at Corpus Christi which 1 that in a Long peace it lacked activity. This was the i divid a on the question of annexation it became his duty to pro army. The War is his and he made it. Pas West of the nieces Quot because on the right Bank of Ual whom the president invited a repeated messages we text and defend that country and Trio whole of it up to its but we must bring this article to a close. It is Manifest to that River and there he remained for six months a Hundred i cannot Call them orders through several successive months extremes Lin its and As Little doubt did he seem to enter j us that the object which the president has All along proposed the magnetic the most remarkable instances of the Enterprise of american people is the fact that already there Are about 14f 0 Miles of telegraphic wires Hud in the United states with the exception of about the space of 300 Miles which is to be finished in july. We have obtained says the n. Y. Herald the following from j. I. Marshall esq., the Secretary of the Boston Telegraph comprising twelve Miles Miles. 265 250 250 new York and Boston Complete Jersey City and Washington do. Albany to Rochester do. New work to Albany via Poughkeepsie Troy amp a. Completed july 15 173 Troy and Saratoga to be completed july 10 33 Oswego to Syracuse Complete 38 Lockport to Buffalo do. 26 Ithaca to Auburn to be completed july 4 45 Boston and Lowell com plete 25 Boston and Portland to be completed in sixty Days 100 Philadelphia to Romesburg Complete total 1403 several other lines Are about being immediately put in contract. One of these will connect with Montreal or St. John s. One will probably be constructed connecting Springfield with Albany or Troy. From the . Rev. B. T. Kavanaugh a dear have received the first two numbers of the Quot Indiana colonization St Quot and perused them with great pleasure. The spirit of inquiry upon the subject of african colonization recently awakened and extensively prevailing in Many portions of our state Calls for such a publication. What the people need what they demand in relation to the colonization Enterprise is Light Knowles Ccu information the Clear exhibition of sound principles and a Calm statement of facts illustrating those principles. This Desideratum the Quot coloni7.ationi.St,&Quot it i May make the the two numbers before me a criterion of judgment will be calculated to Supply. It will show on what principles the scheme of african colonization is based what it has accomplished in time past and what it Aims to accomplish in time to come and in going this it will disabuse the Public mind of Many misconceptions and prejudices which Are to be attributed in part to ignorance and in part to the misrepresentations of a class of pitiable fanatics who having but one Eye and that jaundiced can see nothing commend Hon or promising in any project but their own. Considering its extreme cheapness Ami the importance of the cause it is to advocate i cannot but Hope that the Quot Indiana colonization St Quot will receive a Liberal patronage and that the number of its subscribers will soon swell from two thousand to fc7i thousand. Ever since i became acquainted with the plan and principles of african colonization As projected in England by Granville Sharpe and. In this country by the immortal Robert Finley i have regarded it with Peculiar interest and favor. It seems to me to have a greater variety of benign and momentous bearings than any other benevolent enter Rise of the age. 1. In the first place it is salutary in its bearings upon the free Leople of color in this country. It opens for them an Asylum and a Home in the land of their fathers where they Mav be free in reality and not merely in name. Lih a on the Western coast of Africa has More than a Bare existence it is a Bright Constellation of flourishing colonies. It is an uncommonly Beautiful and Fertile country and to the natives or to those who Are acclimated it is As healthy a is any country in the world. The colonists there live in comfortable houses and with moderate labor can Supply themselves with every thing requisite to make life pleasant and desirable. They Are Well situated for Commerce and through this medium Many of them have already acquired a handsome properly and live in As much elegance a the majority of our merchants in this country. They enjoy the privileges and the Protection of �9 Well organized Republican government. They choose their own representatives. They have a legislature and a judiciary of their own Choice and lir own color. From All accounts there is As much Good order morality and subjection to Law in Liberia As in any other country. It is also distinguished for schools and religious privileges. Quot nearly All Tho children of the Colony have the Opportunity of attending school and almost the whole population Are in the habit of regular attendance on Public worship on the perhaps there is no Community upon Earth where so great a proportion of the people Are sober and consistent professors of religion. Such in few words is Liberia. All intelligent persons who have visited the country though prejudiced against it before have come away to acknowledge its prosperous condition and concur in the statement that the colonists Are almost universally consented and Happy. There we May say with mingled Joy and gratitude the colonization society has opened a most attractive Home for the free people of color now in our own land. Here they Are no Minally free but ready depressed i there they May be freemen indeed. Here every thing is unfavourable to their Elevation and Likely to remain so forever there Quot every honest citizen feels that he stands upon an Equality with and other Man in the the color of his skin is no bar to honorable preferment the influence of prejudice no longer settles like a deadly incubus upon his spirit crushing his energies and his ambition but in the consciousness that he breathes the air of perfect Freedom that he is not inseparably bound to weights which must hold him Down and be Girt Ith mountains Wlinich must always Tower As impassible barriers Between him and the standing he would like to attain he goes Forth to his labor with cheerfulness Hope animates his heart and nerves his Arm and he will cease to Grovel because he feels that he need not Grovel he win Rise because he feels that he can Rise. All therefore who love the free people of color Iii this country and desire to see them reach the highest Point of social moral and political Elevation of which they Are capable should Point them to Liberia and instead of exciting their prejudices against colonization which Only Aims to work out the Hiir Hest brightest destiny of their race bid them Hail it with Joy As the Harbinger and the instrument of their Complete redemption. 2. Another consideration which commends the scheme of african Nobmi nation to my most favourable regard is its Bear Nijs upon slavery. True indeed it bears upon slavery indirectly but not less really and perhaps not less efficiently on that account. It carefully and no doubt wisely avoids direct interference with those held in bondage by the Laws of the states where they reside but at the same time it awakens and promotes among slaveholders a spirit of emancipation. Of this there can he no doubt. The unquestioned and unquestionable truth upon this subject is that Many conscientious and benevolent slaveholders who were restrained from emancipating their slaves from the consideration that there was no place to which they could be advantageously sent upon seeing that the Colony in Africa furnished such an Asylum As they wished have been induced to liberate their slaves find in a number of instances to furnish them with every thing necessary for the voyage and in some cases besides giving them an outfit have generously paid their passage. Hundreds of slaves have already been set free that they might go to Liberia. Indeed a Large proportion of the colonists now in that country were emancipated for that purpose and but for the Asylum there opened they would have remained in slavery to the present time. The truth is colonization has awakened Hope and created sympathy for the coloured Man both in the nothern and Southern states. It has settled the question whether he maybe elevated not by a Fine spun theory but by a practical demonstration overtopping All theories and challenging the admiration of the world. By proving that he May be elevated it has made his Elevation an object of an increased desire and a flirt. By opening a pathway through which he May be led to All that is glorious in Liberty or ennobling Iseli govern sent it has made even his master feel that when such a Boon is put within his reach he ought not to be held Back from its attainment. Numerous facts prove that the Success of the colonization Effort has arrested the attention of slaveholders it has enhanced their sense of responsibility it has turned their minds to the improvement of their slaves and hundreds of them in consequence of what has been done in Liberia have their slaves in a course of preparation for Freedom. These benefits it is True Are merely incidental but it is no slight recommendation of the cause and quite an Eft Ectal reply to abolition Caviler to say that the colonization society without proposing emancipation As its direct object has done More incident Nuy to promote emancipation than All the abolition societies in the country. And let it be remembered the emancipation of a few Hundred slaves is not the sum total of its incidental achievements. It has set in motion a train of influences mild noiseless powerful which May and doubtless will in the course of a few years emancipate thousands and tens of thousands More without denunciation without violence and without blood. Liberia for aught we know May be the germ of a great and flourishing Republic destined to overshadow and redeem the entire african continent and if this be so then As it increases in Prosperity it will also increase in the strength of the motives it holds out to slaveholders to emancipate and to the coloured people of every Grade and condition to repair thither with Joy As to the promised land of their social and civil redemption. Let it be considered that the same Benignant Providence which watched Over our own country and raised it from a few feeble colonies to its present Eminence among the nations of the Earth has also smiled with Peculiar favor upon the infant Republic of Liberia. Its Noble history shows that god has been its Friend and defence from the beginning. We believe he has some great purpose to accomplish through its instrumentality. We think we see indications of this in All the movements which have marked the Enterprise from its infancy to the present moment a and taking this View of the subject we confidently anticipate the time when the greater part of the african race throughout the world will be restored to the land of their fathers. Nor shall they go empty handed. They shall carry Back to their benighted countrymen the Light of the everlasting gospel and scatter in every part of Africa the blessings a of religion Freedom useful science and representative government. The Rishi on a bearings of colonization its efficiency As a m ans of suppressing the slave Trade and several other Points i had intended to notice but i will Reserve these themes for a future communication. Gurley. Indianapolis june 10, 1846. The Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia u s. Gazette writes As follows i see it rumoured that government intends making an attack on the Castle of san Juan de Ulloa. I think this a mistake As the officer whose advice in this matter would Likely be asked and followed is decidedly opposed to any such first because it is not necessary to further the objects of the War secondly because it would not be Worth its Cost in Money and thirdly because such an attack would Cost Many lives and even then be of somewhat doubtful result. The attack May nevertheless be determined on contrary to his advice Gilt will probably turn out that Gen. Scott was entirely right in his views of the War and the earliest Day when Active operations could be begun. 1 am informed that the instructions Given to Gen. Taylor As to the conduct of the we Ira the plan of the Campaign isoc., Vince the highest degree of ability both military and civil an intimate knowledge of the country in which he will have to operate of strategy of the obstacles and Dilli cuties to be a unmounted and of the Laws of War and of nations. Who the author of these instructions is i do not know but it is supposed that to Gen. Scott much of the Merit is due especially that portion relating to the plan of the Campaign strategy obstacles amp a. It is agreed upon All hands that for military science and ability to coi Bino and direct masses to plan campaigns and All that relates to the duties of a commander in chief Gen Scott has no equal in this country and perhaps for the opportunities he has enjoyed be w superiors in Europe. The desire of Conquest and a morbid disposition for National aggrandizement have caused More blood shed and death than ail other causes. A mad ambition to extend our National limits is frequently mistaken for patriotism whereas nothing is More destructive of human happiness. The peace of nations the welfare of the people and Progress of civilization Are frequently sacrificed to the desire to obtain some Barren province or some territory Liat will be burdensome and not useful to tiie Community. Commerce and every species of useful Industry Are usually ruined by War and free institutions sink under their influence. The regular and just administration of Justice is prevented and military usurpation takes the place of the Laws. A re pubic Sho uld cultivate peace and abhor . Louis Era. The Randolph Sidney Olno Aurora of the r2th inst., says these negroes remain on col. Johnson s farm near Piqua. That paper condemns in decided terms the citizens of Mercer in the late outbreak and insists that Quot they should have made their objections known before the land was purchased and not waited until they had drawn the last cent they could expect out of the pockets of the Blacks some $32,000 and then raise an armed Force and refuse to let them take Possession of their property ii Iose who were fiercest in their opposition to the Blacks were the very men who sold them lands and received wages tor constructing the

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