Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
21 Jul 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
21 Jul 1830

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - July 21, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana Indana journal. Vol. , wednesday july 21, 1830. No. 378. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Terms. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted on the usual terms. From the National intelligencer. The veto. Concluded the Prospect which is presented in the paragraphs which next occur in the message of a nation of twelve millions of Happy people after fifty four years of existence free from debt is a captivating one to the mind s Eye. Will it Ever be realized we know not but this we know that under the administration of Jefferson that same object a Cardinal Point in his Creed was not considered a sufficient obstacle to the Purchase of Louisiana or to the commencement of the Cumberland Road that it did not prevent under the administration of Madison the undertaking of a War to vindicate the National Honor that under the administration of Monroe it did not stand in the Way of the pen Sioning the survivors of the revolutionary War or the Purchase of the Florida that under the administration of Adams it did not prevent the subscriptions to the Chesapeake and Ohio canal to the Chesapeake and Delaware canal to the pumas it Vamp canal to the Lou Rel try it Vury reference to the sovereignty of the states should be made. Without it nothing extensively useful cad be in this Broad declaration the Power to go on with the Cumberland Road or to construct a canal or Road any where or under any circumstances Seema to be flatly denied. If our construction of it be Correct the Fiat of the executive thus abrogates a Power which has been exercised for Twenty years and for the last ten years steadily maintained by Large majorities in both houses of Congress. Seven tenths of All the people of the United states have As steadily approved it. Amongst them the president himself has individually repeatedly sanctioned it by his vote. Those who supported his election for the most part expected him to sustain it. As far As he was bound by his own previous acts and by the known will of the people at whose hands he accepted the Trust of chief magistrate he was under an obligation not to set himself against it. We can conceive of no reasons of state Strong enough to justify his acting against his own settled convictions of what was right As exhibited in the uniform Tenor of his Public life and declarations. But the message further says Quot if it be the desire of the people it hat the a gency of the Federal government Ehold be confined to the appropriation of Money in Aid Siville and Portland canal nor the commencement of a breakwater at the Mouth of the Delaware and that during All four of these administrations and the two last especially extensive and expensive fortifications planned and begun under the administration of or. Monroe have been erected and the amount of our naval Force quadrupled. Nor did the beatific vision of a paid oif debt prevent the appropriation of Money at the last session of Congress for various objects of expenditure not belonging either to the civil list foreign Intercourse or the army or Navy. It did not prevent the appropriation of half a million of dollars the prelude to the appropriation of several millions More to relieve the states of Mississippi and Alabama from their Indian population and it ought not to have prevented the appropriation of a Hundred and fifty thousand dollars in Aid of the Mays Ville Road or of some 90,000 dollars towards the Rockville and Frederick Road. For objects of expenditure which the representatives of the states and people consider laudable it is the province of Congress to provide the ways and Means and it ought not in our opinion to be for a moment presumed that if the executive sanctioned them the representatives of the people whose Peculiar duty it is under the Constitution would fail in their duty of providing Revenue to meet expenditures which they themselves had originated. To the argument against these Bills drawn from the amount of appropriations proposed by Bills pending in Congress we object altogether those inchoate Bills constituted no proper ground of action for the executive. The introduction of such a topic into a presidential message is itself a Novelty and an anomaly. Besides As we have already shown the president directly after rejecting the Maysville Bill signed one of those very Bills which he had brought up in array against it involving an immediate expenditure twice As great As proposed by the Road Bills and a contingent expenditure of almost incalculable amount. Not finding in the objections already examined any arguments against these Bills which Are not either neutralized by one another or nullified by the prior or posterior acts of the executive we Are necessarily impelled to further search for the motive. A when an honest Observance of cons Litu iut ional compacts cannot be obtained from Cormui cities like ours Quot says the message need not be anticipated a thereafter we meet with the Fol lowing passage if it be the wish of the people thatt econ Striction of roads and canals should to conducted by the Federal government it is not Only highly expedient but indispensably necessary that a preview met dment of the Constitution delegating the necessary Power and relining and restricting its exercise with for this object the president approved a Bill which passed at the last a session appropriating for the expenditure of this year one Hundred thousand dollars and for the first Quarter of the next year sixty two thousand dollars More which acts of Bis we heartily commend a Well is the appropriation of forty Odd thou and dollars for what is called u military Road in Maine. We wish it had come into the head of or. Hemphill to Baptise Hia lond Bills by the name Mil Lairy in which Case we sup pose they to would have passed sub tar. Vye advert to the fact incidentally Only to Shiw what attenuated distinctions have been drawn by the. Administration Between different measures stand Mig on precisely the Laine footing. Cities than the occasion the manner and the extent of the appropriations of would be made the subject of constitutional regulation. This is the More necessary Quot amp a. Amp a. This passage appears to us to close the door upon the friends of internal improvement to preclude at least any further Appeal to the executive on the subject. If the people Are in favor of the appropriation of Money in Aid of such improvements Why then the occasion the manner and the extent of the appropriations must be settled by an amendment of the Constitution thus end All the Hopes encouraged by the earlier passages of the message which intimate that All doubts of the constitutional Power of Congress to this extent must Quot yield to a Well settled acquiescence of the people and confederated at the moment we supposed ourselves in port at Safe Anchorage waiting for a favourable win we find ourselves adrift on the Broad Ocean Witt out Compass or land Mark. The Quot settled acquiescence Quot is unsettled and the Constitution itself As previously expounded in the message has become unconstitutional. Nor does the message Stop Here. Its language is still More emphatic. For the next paragraph of it intimates that no one is a sincere Friend to the Success of our political institutions who fails to promote an amendment of the Constitution in regard to this Power. Let us quote the words Quot that a constitutional adjustment of this Power upon equitable principles is in the highest degree desirable can scarcely be doubted nor can it fail to be promoted by every sincere Friend to the Success of our political institutions. What the Large majority of Congress and of the people who think the Constitution Best As it is May think of this denunciation we know not. For ourselves at the Fisk of being ranked amongst those who Are not Friendly Quot to the Success of our political institutions Quot we declare that we desire to see no amendment of the Constitution in this respect because we have seen that it worked Well enough in practice before the executive interposed to stay its operation with his single hand we Are opposed to it besides because we Are opposed to these continual attempts to alter the Constitution to guard against anticipated evils which for the most part haunt Only the Ima nation of the projectors of the remedies. We do not so characterize the proposition now under consideration but we do not the less consider any attempt at amendment in the particular referred to As unnecessary and pernicious. The last paragraphs of this message include a charge so serious against the supporters of internal improvement Alto give to the whole message the character of a deliberate and Laboured assault upon the cause and upon its friends al of. The greatest opponent of internal improvement and the worst enemy of those who support it could not cast a More bitter reflection upon the motives of its friends and the friends of the Tariff than the suggestion that the appropriations proposed in these and similar Bills May be referred to a design to Force a Quot continue Quot Ance of the National debt by Means Quot of Large appropriations As a substitute for the Security which the system Foi Quot protective duties derives from the Quot principle on which it has hitherto Quot been could any sincere Friend of the Protection of manufactures or of internal improve nent have made such a suggestion As this could any Friend of these interests have calmly listened to it when made much More could any effective Friend of these National interests after noticing this Quot suggestion Quot of Quot a supposed connexion Between appropriations for internal improvement and the system of protecting duties Quot have permitted himself deliberately to add the following remarks Quot those who suppose that any policy thus founded can be Long upheld in this country have looked non its history with eyes very different from mine. This policy like every other must abide the will of the people who will not be Likely to allow any device however specious to conceal its character and does not the message in these concluding observations assume the suggestion of the enemies of the two interests to be True after assume Tyg the truth of their suggestion does it not say that Quot any policy thus founded cannot be Long Uhei a in this country Quot what Tatien it must Quot abide the will of the people Quot says the message. In Plain English it must be put Down for the message says Quot it cannot be that is the end of it and that is the end of the message if it was not the beginning of it. This we think the discriminating Reader will concur with us is not the language of the president. It is not like him. He would not thus craftily have gone to work to sap and undermine those interests of which he has been both in Public and private before he came into the presidency the steady advocate and supporter As could be proved by a Long string of testimony were it not that what is universally known need not be proved. The president s advisers it seems to us have Over matched him in causing him whilst intending himself Only to protest against too rapid expenditures of Public Money on miscellaneous objects to strike a deadly blow at the work of internal improvement and at the same time to shake the Tariff to its foundation. If the first and the last executive messages of the last session be taken together As comprising the system of the present administration its leading features Are to be first to put Down the Bank of the United states and erect in its Stead a great govern nent Bank founded on the Public credit and revenues to put an end to All new expenditures for internal improvement lest they should be an inducement to the continuance of the Tariff to distribute the surplus Revenue a Mong the several states in proportion to their representation in Congress and to withdraw Protection from manufactures lest it should produce a Revenue which might induce a continuance of internal improvement thus making the Tariff and internal improvement re act upon each other. What a glorious system it would be to abuse the patience of the Reader were we in conclusion to prolong this article by comments on the use which has been made of the veto in this Case. This delicate Power in the president has rarely if Ever been exercised and should Seldom be Brught into action upon grounds of expediency merely. If there is any one thing of which the representatives of the Stales and the people Are entitled peculiarly to judge it is of the manner in which the Public moneys should be expended. If a proposed expenditure involves no constitutional difficulty which in this Case the message sets out by disclaiming it seems to us that the president transcends the True line of his duty when he interposes his veto. That he has the Power to do it cannot be denied. So he has the Power to Call Congress together but would it be considered a proper exercise of the Power to Call them together to pass some measure which he had recommended and they had not passed upon is there any More reason in the president rejecting two or More Bills because he had not recommended them the veto is a High prerogative of the executive As Well As a delicate Power. In the British monarchy where it is absolute in the Sovereign there has been no attempt to exercise it we believe for Many years. Indeed by disuse it May be said to have become obsolete. If considered As a Power which May be ordinarily exercised in this government the first question hereafter will be in reference to any proposed act of legislation what does the president say when we come to this and we seem to our government will indeed have become what a distinguished Friend of the present administration once pronounced it on the floor of Congress an Erie Active monarchy. Far from imputing the intention to either the his advisers we predict the consequences. France amp Algiers. War always commands attention not Only from those who Are before the Cannon s Mouth but those who wish to know the cause of shedding human blood. Public opinion even if not consulted will find a Channel of expression and from All that we can gather both from at Home and abroad it is evident that the powerful expedition of France against Algiers has Only the Remote and speculative object of making the government of France popular at Home of separating the soldiery from the people and hastening the downfall of the liberals. When the Algerine rovers were permitted to scour the Mediterranean and thousands of christians groaned in Captivity neither France nor England would allow the Conquest of Algiers but now when slavery is abolished and the Barbary Powers Are approximating towards civilization an attempt is made to conquer that country for stage effect. A great sacrifice of blood and treasure is about to occur to conquer but not retain that country such an understanding having already taken place with the Cabinet of St. James and if the expedition succeeds the Avny returns with shouts of Victory and glory the Polignac ministry is illustrious and the bourbons Are immortal. Let us now examine the origin of this War. France had treaties with Algiers under the reigns of Henry in. Louis Xiv. And Louis Xiv. And also formed separate and distinct acts of amnesty and Friendship in 1614, 1616, 1628, 1666, 1670,1686,1709, 1719, 1790, and 1801, and in addition to Many advantages the town of Marseilles obtained the exclusive privilege of the Coral fishery on the african coast. The pretext of the War in 1830, had an origin which dates As far Back As the invasion of Egypt and Italy by Napoleon. At that time the great House of Bacri bus nah of Algiers contracted to Supply the armies with cargoes of wheat and Grain in which contract the Dey was interested and France became thus indebted to the contractors to the amount of fourteen millions of francs. From that period 1793, Algiers could obtain no settlement and in 1802, the first Consul sent a Small Squadron to that place and made a treaty but such was the constant dread in which the character of Napoleon was held that Algiers never dared to enforce the claim by any hostile act and in 1814, when the bourbons were restored and the old treaties revived and renewed the Dey reminded the new Consul of the old claim. Time was required and obtained to look into it and after five years additional delay the French government appointed commissioners to examine into the whole affair who after Many sittings reported that there was Dae to the House of Bacri amp Bush nah 13,893,844 francs but after Sun dry deductions for debts due French creditors it was agreed upon to give them seven millions of francs and a Bill passed the Chambers placing that sum at the disposal of Goveri ment but Bacri amp bus nah Only received 4,500,000, two and a half millions being retained for further claims. Up to 1824, nothing was done to Settle the claim definitively. Bacri amp bus nah who lived at leghorn docketed the amount and the Dey renewed his claim for the balance without effect and finally lost his temper at the delay and injustice done him. Things went on until 1827 without change. At length the Dey wrote a letter to the Baron de Dames the minister for foreign affairs protesting against the wrongs done him and demanding he two millions and a half of francs then remaining in the French coffers. Six months passed away and no answer was received. At length on the 30 h of april 1828, it being a levee at the Algerine court the Consul or. Duval appeared to claim the restitution of a vessel under the roman Flag which had been captured when he Dey no longer Able to restrain his temper broke out As follows a Quot How is it that thou Darest thus always to appear before me to torment me about matters with which France has no business to meddle and yet thy government has not deigned to reply to a idler which i wrote to it on matters interesting to or. Duval he Consul replied Quot the King my master has no reply to make to a Man such As thou this insult in open court which no gentleman could have booked very naturally irritated the Dey who struck the Consul with a fan Imade of feathers. Quot do you perceive what i have done Quot said the Dey to an officer Quot i have struck him with a Feather but be deserves to be beaten with a the Consul left Algiers and a Small Squadron sailed from Toulon to demand redress and such terms were presented to the Dey As could not be accepted. Quot if Quot said he Quot France be powerful enough she May destroy Algiers but the Dey at least will not be the willing a blockade has been kept up for two years at length the african expedition has been decided upon and by this time has sailed. Here is a just debt due for 35 years. Seven millions Are appropriated after great delay but the French government take no pains to guard the rights of the Dey who receives no part of it. Two millions and a half Are retained the Dey asks for it and receives no answer he demonstrates with the Consul who insults him grossly he resents it on the spot and 35.000 men and 80 vessels of War Are sent to bombard the town capture the country and kill the people. Here is cause of War with a vengeance but such As it is we have nothing better to offer. England has always manifested great sensibility in relation to the capture and occupation of the kingdom of Algiers its position is too important to the Mediterranean and too near Gibraltar and in reply to the official enquiries relative to the object of this african expedition the answer of the French government has been in substance thus a this expedition you must understand is for effect and is intended More to strengthen the government at Home than to punish the enemy abroad we have no View of occupying the conquered territory but our Success will be followed by a magnanimous abdication of he right of Conquest securing to France indemnity and guaranty such As May be required As Security for the future unless the expedition is badly managed or meet with some Accident As did that of Charles a we cannot but believe in its Success but with such weak grounds for War and such ulterior motives in declaring War we cannot wish that ultimate Success to France which under any other circumstances we would cheerfully have awarded to courier a or enquirer from the United states Gazette. Washington june 26,1830. The divisions which some months ago menaced the existence of the present Cabinet Are for the present healed Over but the ill humor still remains in the system. And will sooner or later break out a Gam. It is believed that the leaders of the different parties represented in the Cabinet exerted themselves during the latter part of the session to bring about if not a reconciliation at least an armistice in consequence of the dangers Wei chi seem to be rising in every direction to shake the Jackson party. It was thought better that the differences which existed and which still exist should be Laid to rest for the present until by the United efforts of the entire Jackson party the rising and dangerous popularity of or. Clay should be checked. Or. Ingram and or. Branch therefore continue to act in concert with or. Van Buren and or. Eaton and probably will continue i so to act until some unforeseen incident or Accident shall produce a new explosion. The members of the Cabinet tolerate each other and a cloak of external Courtesy conceals the secret hostility to each other which rankles in their breasts. The condition of the official Organ of the Cabinet is not less deplorable than that of the Cabinet itself. Scarcely two years have elapsed since the conductor of that print raked up every private circumstance connected with the pecuniary situation of the editors of the lot Elligen cer in order to strike a mortal blow at their credit. Were it not that the editors of every other paper Here except the Telegraph Are too High minded to engage in this degrading style of political warfare they would now have an Opportunity to retaliate upon him with fearful Security. I would suppose if any Reliance can be placed in the professions of members of Congress or if any inference is to be drawn from the numerous expressions of regret from some of those who supported the Claira of this Man As Public Printer at the last election that his Chance of a re election next february is very slender. Even the Jackson party themselves May probably deem it desirable to unite in favor of some one who i untried will at least have the advantage of being a condemned for such is the feeling of disgust which his conduct has produced in the Universal Jackson ranks that it would appear Little less than a Miracle were be to be again chosen to a station which he has filled with so Little profit to himself and so Little satisfaction to those who elected him. to the official returns recently published in the Richmond papers of the votes on the acceptance of then a Constitution it appears there were for ratification 26,065�?a-gainst it 15.563�?leaving10,492 majority for ratification

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