Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
11 Feb 1837

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana
11 Feb 1837

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - February 11, 1837, Indianapolis, Indiana Pm vol. Xiv. Published amp Noel. per annul in Advance for 52 numbers�?60, at 6 months�?$3 of at the end of the volume. Non pcs will be discontinued unless at the option of the publishers until arrearage Are paid. Price for lines or less three insertions 00 for each additional insertion 25 Cen Lunger advertisements charged in proportion. A Liberal discount made to those who advertise by the vent. James a. Maxwell att Ritey it Law Gulf miss. Will attend strictly to any professional business in the state of Mississippi confided to his care. References. S. Morkill Esq. Indianapolis la we. Sheets Esq. Quot Quot Geo. H. Dunn Esq. Lawrence Burgh la. J. F. D. Lanier Esq. Madison Quot s. E. Leonard m. D. New Albany Quot Hon. John Law Vincennes Quot gov. Val Lac Covington Quot a. S. White Esq. Lafavette Quot Jan. 1, 1837. __62-tf Selling off being about to dose the mercantile business in this place we invite the attention of punch Sisters to our Large and Well selected assortment of goods in any article of which we will give great bargains for Cash and such As will not fail to please the purchaser. As a dissolution of our firm will take place on the first Day of March next we will dispose of our goods at very reduced Tki Ces and will make it the interest of those to Call who make Cash Jav ments for goods. Jan 11, 1837. J. M. Moore amp co. Anniversary of 1836. At the annual meeting of the Indiana colonization society held at the representative Hall on january 20th, a. D. 1837, Isaac Blackford president in the chair. The proceedings of the last annual meeting is read. The treasurer s report is now submitted As follows sixth annual report of the Indiana colonization society january 20, 1837. The treasurer of the Indi Ajia colonization society respectfully reports As follows that at the time of the last annual report there was due him for Money advanced since which he has paid to the treasurer of the american colonization society july 8, August 31, december 6, Indianapolis saturday february ii 1837. Good wish of Marseilles Quot the Man of Ross or a j happiness without interruption. Let the evil Iii $8 85 80 81 21 65 56 17 notice. The partnership heretofore existing Between Burr let Morris has been dissolved. The business of the establishment will be continued under the firm of Wilson Hazelett amp Morris who will sell goods on the very Best terms. Stock is extensive new and Well selected. Coli airy produce will be taken at the highest Market Price in Exchange for goods. _ Jan. 25.�?63i a card. We the undersigned Hur warding amp commission merchants Madison ia., beg leave respectfully to inform our friends and Cus Turnois who Are in the practice of Landing their goods at this port to be forwarded that after a tried experience we Are persuaded that the charges hitherto made Are not equivalent to the time and labor bestowed we Are Lur ther persuaded that were we to confine our business exclusively to the forwarding of goods at the rates of commission heretofore allowed we should not at the end of the year after deducting actual expenditures have any thing left for ourselves and being Tully convinced that the Liberal and intelligent class of merchants with whore we Deal Are willing that this department of our business should yield to us a profit instead of a loss we therefore shall Quot henceforward confine our charges to the following rates of commission Viz receiving and forwarding per 100 lbs. 10 cents. Drayage As usual or per ton 663 Quot if at any time our friends should consign to us Large lots of heavy articles As Iron castings Metal &c., those rates May be varied. Mitchell amp Robertson William Dutton Kings Reid amp Hendricks Samuel Wilson by m. Park. Madison Jan. 4, lfi37. _57-3mo. _ and there has been received from annual subscribers $25 00 Quot Samuel Merrill Rev. Jas. Thompson Jas. M. Ray James Blake Samuel Han a and Isaac Coe ten dollars each towards colonizing for each one person of color 60 00 Jan. 16, collected by Rev. Or. Barr 4 50 july Indianapolis presbyterian Church collected 4th july 40 88 methodist Church at Indianapolis 4th july collection 40 68 oct. Rec d of Rev. J. M. Dickey Pisgah cd. 4th of july collection 6 17 from Bethlehem cd. 4th july collection 5 00 nov. Donation from Rev. John Ray Putnam 10 00 $192 23 Howard or a Hewitt who for the imprisoned and intemperate have Laboured with so much effect. But while the advocates of this society assail none of the plans which Benevolence patriotism and religion Are proposing around them and while they ask nothing from favor or partiality they will never shrink from vowing their objects nor from urging what they believe sufficient reasons for an Onward course in the cause in which they Are engaged. It is not pretended but that the friends and supporters of the colonization society Are actuated by various motives. They Are found in every part of the Union and according to their different situations View this subject in different lights. The improvement of the Black Man the introduction of christianity and civilization into Africa the obstruction and prevention of the slave Trade and the Hope that through the Colony even slavery itself May in time be removed Are the leading objects with numbers it is believed a Large majority of the society. There May be others contributors to its funds Olio believe the free coloured Man a nuisance in this country and who think merely of removing him from it and others still it is said there arc who desire the removal of the free Blacks that slavery May be More severely fluence that now surround him be removed let the Gage of kindness be thrown to him and the objection to his incapacity will be answered by the past that he stands out on the extended level of equal rights ready to compete with those who have been Long in the race of usefulness. Colonization is no longer an Experiment of doubtful Utility nor can its Beneficent effects on the colonists and others be matters of question at this Day. It has been one of the most conspicuous Means made use of by Providence for carrying on grand designs in every age. The colonized israelite were taken from the depth of slavery to retain amid the darkness of paganism the knowledge of the True god and most of those who have since gone out to subdue and replenish the Earth have carried with them and diffused the culture of its varied products and the knowledge of the useful arts. Civilization and christianity Are moving on together. The enterprising colonist Olio feels the value of Strong hands and Resolute hearts can never be a slave. How inferior were the republics of Greece and Carthage to their parents Egypt and Tyre from which they were colonized were it not of proper opportunities and suitable occasions the minds of men would slumber on without excitement or improvement. We look in vain for Excell circe among no. 76g. Miles along the Atlantic and Indian oceans the Power and influence of Britain have been extend. A a de. The Hottentots acid Jaffres who were once will in future Ages be regarded with scarcely less supposed to be scarcely human have been Civili reve nce than Smith and Standish and Penn Zed and their Kraals have become the abodes of and calve it. In the Colony Prosper As it has in �i.i.-.11� a a a Job and just prudent and Brave or a they we have looked in vain for respect from their save of neighbors. Their Cary and Devany and Rush worry done there will be in fifteen years hence less than a third of a Century from the time of its establishment 100,000 inhabitants in Liberia. I he problem As to the capability of the Black Raan a ill be solved to the satisfaction of All. Evidence that cannot be resisted,.wiu be furnished that he is worthy of being reckoned of that blood from Wlinich have been derived All the nations of the Earth. A Centre will be established around which he and those who labor for his welfare May be assured that they shall not labor in vain. The great difficulty in the Way of the Ensani pation of the slaves is not i Weir Nunier nor in the interests of their owners. It a the uncertainty As to the result which paralyses the efforts of the generous and hardens beats of the i selfish. Let it be demonstrated Black Man is a amiable of rising peace and Comfort. Light is shining from Eastern and Western and Northern and Southern Africa and shall it not Ere Long reach the Centre and break Forth into full Blaze at Tum Bucton yes it is god s word that Quot Ethiopia shall stretch Forth her hands Quot and As Quot the Waters cover the sea so shall the knowledge of the lord fill the whole Indiana legislature. Perpetuated. If there be any of the class last i tie myriads of the enslaved in every age and mentioned they must be few in number. None such can be found in the free states or the slave states adjacent from which the funds of the society have been hitherto principally contributed. Let the society be judged by its acts and avowed sentiments but let not its members be made clime. We need hardly Point to Athens where in one Small City Aud in one age there existed More that is worthy of being studied and admired than can be found among the millions of China and Persia for centuries. But we May find nearer Home striking proofs and prejudice that have made him an inferior being and that he can become the founder of a great nation and Public opinion will demand that Justice shall be done to the master and the slave. In that Case it will be of Iule consequence Wyeth House of representatives. On the question of the passage of the Bill for the continuation of the Survey of the Northern canal to the Illinois line or Baird of st. Joseph Rose and said or speaker these Are strange times in the that the free j legislation of Indiana. We have now arrived at above the scorn a period in this session when Universal jealousy prevails. One Ca after another has been slaughtered until now and As this Bill is upon its passage it i3 proposed by Gentl Ernen to give it a similar Fialco. Sir i have since i took a seat in this Hall been a consistent and devoted advocate of All the descendants of Africa Are Ever restored to the system of internal improvements i Haye her bosom. Their situation a Ere will be injury upon All occasions guarded scrupulously the Ous Only a Hile they Are a degraded caste an credit of the state and wit ii a steady course,main-1 be elixirs sufficiently pm Tai died the Bill of last Winter not sir because i responsible for opinions and motives they have of the Good effects produced on the character of never adopted or indulged. Few very few Colo the Emigrant by a change of country. If the Niza zionists limit their efforts to one object. They citizens of Indiana have yet obtained any charac $192 23 dissolution of partnership. The panne ship Bere Toworu existing Between Isaac a Phipps and Andrew s. Nelson in the tanning let us Inesa and trading under the firm of a. S. amp. Co. Is this Day dissolved by Mutual consent. All those having claims against said firm or that Are in arrears to a Aid firm will please Call on a. S. Nelson fur settlement who is duly authorized to Settle All claim for or against said firm. Isaac n. Phipps Jan. In ir37.-62-3a. S Nelson. Dissolution of partnership. The co Farmers lip heretofore existing under the firm of Speirs Pollock amp Marsi Lall is this Day dissolved. Persons indebted to and those having claims against it can Settle them with William Speirs. Jan 5, 1837, the subscriber thankful for past favors respectfully informs his former friends and the Public in general that the Stone cutting business will be continued by William Speirs the crap Fordsville record will give the above three insertions and Send account to Elliis taken up by John Shull living to Wash Tigon township Marion county Indiana on the 2d Day of january 1837, one stray sorrel filly three years old next Spring the Hind feel White White up almost to the Knees and a Blaze fact had on a Small Bell fastened with a leather 8frap,about three fourths of an Inch wide appraised to $25 by John st. Clair and Jacob 8cott. 1 do certify that the above is a True copy from my stray Book. Given under Luy hand and Seal this january i3th, 1837. 6 2-p. A. R. Smith j. P. Notice. Alfi those who Are indebted to the subscriber by note or Book account must Call and Settle the a Amo immediately As the Day for further indulgence is past and gone. 1 shall Start East in a Short time and must have Money. Attend to this and you will save costs. Delays Are dangerous. Jan. 11. W. A. Sangster. State of Indiana Boone county set. Samuel a Brown \ is. F Bill i chancery in the Daniel vines John Patterson i Boone circuit court and Elkanah Vanhook. Be it remembered that on the 26th Day of january 1837, Samuel s. Brown by Fletcher amp. Butler his solicitors filed in the clerk s office of the Boone circuit court la., the sane being in vacation of said court his Bill in chancery against the said defendants thereupon by disinter sted All Davit filed in said clerk s office it is made satisfactorily to appear to me Samuel s. Brown clerk of said court that one of the said defendants Daniel vines is not n resident of the state of Indiana therefore not ice is hereby Given to the said defendant Daniel vines of the Pendency of said Bill of complaint and that unless he appear and plead an a wer or demur to the said Bill on or before the calling of said cause at the ensuing term of said court to be Holden at the court House within and for the said county of Boone on the third monday in april next said Bill will be taken As confessed and decided accordingly. Jan.26.-65-3t Samuel s. Brown c. B c. State of Indiana Greene county. Greene circuit court april term 1837, William Haton is. It writ of Domestic attachment. George Phipps. A a a the defendant to the above entitled suit is hereby notified that on the 9th Day of january 1837, a writ of Domestic attachment was issued by the clerk of said Greene circuit court at the instance of said plaintiff against him the said defendant pursuant to the statute in such Case made and provided that said writ was this Day returned by g. R. A Moore sheriff of said county executed on the following lands and tenements goods and chattels &c., to wit the North West Quarter of the South cast Quarter of Section 2, town 8, Range 3 West containing 40 acres oxen hogs steel Yards Blank Book sifter shovel tongs 2 chairs and fran us table Box of clothing bed is Paul 2 notes on m. Spain Hower for 48 dollars note on win. Foley for 5 dollars grocery books and accounts for 100 dollars 8 Hais Scales and weights part of a Box of Tea thimbles awl Blades 28 table spoons 4 pairs of spectacles spice Coffee Mill 2 tin canisters Pepper ground Ginger 3 Coffee boilers measure 9 Curry Combs 3 brushes 2 claw hammers 4 pairs of scissors bag of shot pair of chains 5 scythes 3 Sickles Keg of nails 3 men a Caps wrapping paper thread Reed bag of Gin a eng 4 kegs Salt. The said defendant is hereby notified to appear and defend at the april term of said Eoo rtt 1837� of the same will be heard and determined in his Abs me. Attest in 14,t."65w4 8. R. Gavins clerk. Leaving nothing in treasurer s hands Isaac Coe treasurer a very interesting address is delivered by Samuel Merrill Esq on motion by re Hubbard it is resolve d. That the thanks of this society be tendered to Samuel Merrill Esq for the interesting address just delivered and that a copy be requested for publication in the newspapers in Indianapolis on motion by James Blake Esq., it is resolved that the thanks of this society be presented to the ministers of the gospel of every denomination in the state who have taken up collections in their respective churches Fofe this object on or about the 4th of july and that Fiey be respectfully requested to continue such efforts annually to Aid the cause. On motion by no Palmer it is resolved that the recent proposition of the american colonization society to recommend to the state societies the propriety of settling at Liberia in distinct colonies the coloured population sent thither by each state is entitled to consideration As being calculated to present an incitement to additional Energy and Zeal in the colonization cause. On motion of or Isaac Coe it is resolved that the colonization cause commends itself equally to the patriotic and the he Mune and that every citizen be cordially invited to Aid the object by sending at least one of the free coloured population of the United states to the land of their forefathers by such annual contribution As May be convenient. On motion by John Dumont Esq it is resolved that in the opinion of this society the colonization subject ought to be engrafted with every 4th of july address hereafter in the United states and that subscriptions should be solicited on that Day to Aid the colonization cause. On motion by William sheets Esq it is resolved that the president of this society be requested to prepare and have published a circular to the citizens of this state in behalf of the colonization cause embracing the purport of the resolutions adopted at this meeting and such further suggestions As May be appropriate resolved that a copy of such circular be printed and sent to each Cle Gyman in the stale of every denomination and that the newspapers be requested to publish the same and that the expense of the special copies of the circular be paid out of the funds of the society. On motion by Al Ketcham Esq., it is resolved that this society recommend the formation of county societies to become auxiliary to the Indiana colonization society. On motion. Resolved that All annual subscribers who Are in arrears and wish to continue their Aid and others desirous to Aid the great interest of humanity and National welfare be requested to Call on the treasurer during the ensuing week with their contributions that the funds May be forwarded to the Parent co Bioty. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year Isaac Blackford president Andrew Wylie Steven a Stevens and Achilles Williams vice presidents Samuel Merrill Calvin Fletcher n. A Palmer Richard a Hubbard James Thompson William James Blake managers Isaac Coe treasurer James m. Ray Secretary. Lie solved. That the proceedings of this society be published. And the society adjourns. Isaac Blackford president James m. Rav Secretary. Annual address delivered before the Indiana colonization society by s. Merrill esqr., 1837. In advocating the claims of the american colonization society there will be no necessity for impugning the motives or assailing the plans of other associations claiming to be formed for ameliorating the coi Ulitin of the human race. There Are those who in their Zeal to promote an object important in their estimation will undervalue the pursuits and impeach the Aims of All who do not Accord with their sentiments. In the nature of thugs it is scarcely to be expected but that Good men should estimate too h Ghlyn and Hope for Loo much from those objects in which their minds Are deeply engaged and perhaps even something of enthusiasm May be necessary to carry on a Good cause with Energy or make Quot the give their Hearty Aid to various plans devised by the benevolent for the improvement of the Black Man and thay would rejoice to see those plans increasing both in number and efficiency but that All these Are less than the occasion demands must be apparent to every observer. More much More must be done or the evils of slavery and the degradation of the free coloured Man must continue to increase until they become incurable. This society is often reproached because some of its friends have indulged in anticipations that have not been realized. They expect too Large a Harvest for the seed they have sown and Are disappointed because the Black Man does not become at once what time and patient labor alone can make him. If they had calculated Only for ends a in proportion to tie Means made use of they would never expect to vanquish the prejudices of years in a. Day or elevate him at once from the depth of depression to a proper regard for the dignity and responsibilities of a Freeman. But while we should not Stop Short of colonization it May be Well to inquire whether this should not be prosecuted with Energy until More practicable Means of effecting Good can be pointed out. It May be cheap to set still and criticise the Teristi traits to distinguish them irom others it is the common sense readiness with which they accommodate themselves to any situation in which they Are placed. It is their adapted Ness to become in practice just what the country of their adoption requires of them. We find on every Side men who came Here originally with very Humble views making no pretensions and neither known nor caring to be known beyond the Range of their own Stock. Possessing Little at first but strength and Leso Hitun they have been equal to every requisition upon them their faculties have expanded with each Opportunity for their exercise and there May now be found of them All around us the Jse who Are capable of doing Ivall All that their country asks at their hands. Can As much be said of the few who have emigrated hither Wil i High claims to distinction while they have padded and wondered How any thing of importance could be done that t key did not control the current of improvement has passed by and left them to follow behind at Leisure. But even if experience were not so decisive of the beneficial effects of a new situation new objects Aud new duties to All the Lac ullies of the Emigrant yet from the nature of the Case such re plans of and Shew that they ate not per suits must he. Expected. When he is taken from feet and be very sorry that something better is obloquy and prejudice oppression and pcs Pera not proposed and prefer that Only which cannot be reached yet is it not nobler and better to be up and doing at once than to sit idly railing at Brethren because All the Good desirable cannot be attained at once. He who Inai ets on a Harvest without seed and culture is Noelp absurd As he who will do nothing unless it can be done just according to his will and pleasure. Is such the spirit of his will who estimates what is done to the least of his Brethren As if done to him who looks upon the cup of cold water and the two mites with More complacency than on the splendid gifts of the Rich the society makes no apology for none can be made for the circumstances which have occasioned the prejudices that prevail against the thick Man in the free states nor for the Laws which in Many of the slave states Are believed necessary under the system. Its friends in the course they have pointed out to themselves have Only to do with the facts of the Case. They find themselves citizens of a country where the Black Man is considered an inferior being and in portions of which he is deprived of Freedom allowed neither personal privileges nor mental improvement and note Ven permitted to Purchase or receive his Liberty unless he becomes at once an alien to the place of his residence. Law in general refuses his testimony and prejudice still stronger than Law degrades him among the lowest of his species. If he has any Intercourse with slaves he is suspected and abused and if he goes elsewhere that which makes Wise men mad drives him to desperation. That feeling but too common which makes us dislike i Iosco who have been injured by ourselves our friends or our party creates a feeling of opposition to the Black Man which is continually widening the breach. That such things should not be is freely admitted but that they exist cannot be denied and that As yet no sufficient remedy for them has been found is equally apparent. That he does not and cannot at this time possess a fair Opportunity in this country to test his capabilities cannot be disputed. What then shall convince those who contribute to form Public opinion and who have Pover to make Laws on these subjects i Ell them of equal rights and they question the practicability of extending them to the Black Man they talk of the results of emancipation which too often is any thing but beneficial to him they Point to his i Providence to his grovelling pursuits and habits which would seem to Render him incapable of being elevated above the condition in which he is held and they Shew us receptacles of vice work houses and prison of which he is so frequently an inmate. It will not be sufficient to offer arguments merely in reply to such statements. Facts alone can answer them. What though the Black Man be not in fault for much with which he is blamed and though tremendous must the account be of those who have Quot caused him to offend Quot yet this society appearing not As an act ser comes for Wai d with a remedy which it is believed if fairly tried will do much to turn Back the current that has been so Long rolling Over him. It proposes an act of kindness to be followed it is hoped by others until the memory of former wrongs can be blotted out forever. It would place the coloured Man in his native climate where he May be the equal of All around him where his Long dormant faculties May be called into action where his love of distinction May be gratified his moral qualities duly appreciated. Tion to be placed where Liis own and his children s Good Call for the exercise of every mental faculty and All the Noble feelings of the Lizuart he would scarcely be human Weie he to shrink or be unequal to the duties required of him. But the history of the Colony in Africa shews that he a a a not been wanting to himself on the most Iii Oculi occasions. Seventeen years since a feeble band of less than a Hundred in number with the generous and devoted Bacon at their head were transported to the unhealthy Island of a Lerbro Here sickness within a few months swept oif their Leader and about half their original number. The survivors were strongly urged to abandon their object and join the English Colony at Sierra Leone but faithful to the cause in which they were engaged they declined the invitation and a reinforcement arriving under the care of Xiv Shumun whose Fame is the property not less of America than Africa the whole number was shortly after removed to Cape Monserato for nearly three years the Success of the Colony appeared doubtful. Famine and disease the slave trader and the faithless natives seemed to threaten them with utter destruction. But Ashmun was Ever at his Post prudent in Council and fearless in danger and As was once expressively said Quot Days and nights were too Short for the duties imposed on him and the cares that perplexed him Quot twice were the colonists attacked by the native princes with armies tenfold their number and on each occasion they were signally Defeated. The Colony has since increased in strength and consequence every returning year not indeed equal to the wishes of the society but probably with As much rapidity As is desirable for its ultimate Success. If the blood of martyrs be the seed of the Church and that of patriots Avail Lor the country for which it is shed where shall be found nobler sacrifices than have been willingly offered for Liberia colonial agents and physicians and missionaries knowing the ost., Piave without so drinking gone out Quot a forlorn Hope Quot and Quot held not their own lives dear Quot could they but promote the Good of the cause and if even the wrongs of Africa be Otoneil for if even the Black Man forget and forgive the Long arrear of injuries received it will be in no Small part because Mills and Bacon and Ashman and set ii and Randall and Anderson and Cloud and others with talents that would have adorned any cause have with roman firmness and Christian love placed their own bodies in the deadly breach. It can never be with reverence be it spoken that such sacrifices shall be made in vain and they have not. Already much More has been done in Liberia than Virginia and new England at the same age could boast though they had sacrificed thousands of lives and had been guided by men whose equals have Seldom existed. Its schools churches buildings business and population As Well As in its age Monrovia is but Little tree Trad Indianapolis Otic air Ilou Ishing villages Are rising along the coast and in the Interior. A tropical and productive climate in which a Well cultivated Garden will almost support a family every we Ere supplies the industrious with abundance. Surrounded with jealous and cruel tribes previously accustomed to All the treachery Aud horrors of the slave Trade such has been the Able and politic management of the Colony that no important collisions with the natives have occurred since Quot the first years of its a settlement. The credit of this policy so honorable and successful cannot be Given to the colonial agents alone. And he May enjoy life Liberty and the Pursuit of the colonists themselves must have been firm intestine enemies with feelings sufficiently fire a train that might bring Down ruin on the country. If the causes of hostility be removed if the commencement of kind feelings he once made those who remain will have neither inducement or provocation to incite Thein to mischief. But even were All the Good to expect for our own country not to be realized the benefits to Africa must be beyond calculation. The time has not Long since past since from the Vicinity of Monserato More than ten thousand slaves a year were transported by the slave traders. Other scenes of misery and wickedness Are As nothing compared to the de p and Damn Iii horrors Thil have Here Boon perpetrated. J he name of pirate and robber but feebly expresses the character of him whose plunder was human . He no longer frequents these shores and i a Colony has been the principal moans of expelling him from his ancient . The native tribes in the Vicinity Are no longer constantly at with each other their chiefs Are learning that their True interest is in the a vol fare and improvement of their people. Native Young men Atid children attend the Sci ools of the Colony and new articles of culture new modes of husbandry and Many of the comforts of Civili Zed life arc becoming known and introduced into a Nigral use. Few Are aware of the Lime expense and labor required for the establishment of anew Colony in a Distant country. Ages have not Una sequently passed away before it could be any thing but a Burthen to those who attempted the settlement. W have often Steard of the privations endured by our fathers and some of us Here know How much Tust be expended in erecting houses subduing forests opening roads building Brit Ives and school houses and churches before any income could be expected. But in addition to the difficulties common on such occasions the first settlers of the Colony were the poor desired free Blacks a the recently emancipated slave and the re captured african and they were placed on an unknown and hostile Shore. The Charity which transported them across the Atlantic was too tinted to Supply them with the Means of gaining the favor and respect of fhe natives or even of self Confidence. Indifferently supplied with provisions and tools and arms the slave Truler ready to assail them from the sea and faithless enemies to beset them by land it was More than could be expected that they did not yield at once. If with these difficulties the Colony has still been signally prospered it should be sufficient to shame those who accuse the society of transport ing Only refuse Blacks to Africa and it must convict of falsehood those who say that the climate of Liberia is unfavourable to lie health of the colonist. A feeble settlement a degraded people and a Shore desecrated by crime have by the Blessing of god become the Home of Freedom and Comfort. They Are visited by numerous ships and Are supplied with All the advantages of Commerce. They i furnish for exportation Ivory and Gold dust procured from the natives and Coffee Cotton in dig of and various fruits reared by their own Industry. They have individual wealth and Enterprise and All the Mechanic arts and their w weekly news Aper is As respectable in appearance and More so in character than a very Large portion of the periodical press of our own country. If of the bread thus cast u on the water so much already , what must the end be a a Well College we soon be erected in Liberia injured and oppress of Africa demands that tie cause Ohall go on. Tote Mountain torrent May for a Lime Rush wildly from the Hills and be lost in the Marsh that diffuses Only noxious exit ulalious but the Little rills of Benevolence have an unfailing source they will not Cense to flow but will add Stream to Stream As they Progress Onward till they become a mighty River bearing Hope and life and Light and Joy to two continents. Though Africa has been Long Quot in the darkness and Shadow of death Quot yet such has not been always the Case. There was science cradled for in Egypt letters had their first dawning and the Banks of the Nile were for centuries the resort of the philosophers of Antiquity. I pm e was Carthage the formidable rival of Rome and there was the most delightful the most Fertile and Best cultivated part of the ancient but the run Ives of the goths and vandals which Laid waste the civilized world were in Africa suffice cod by the Maho Medan imposture and the horrors of the slave Trade which for twelve centuries have gathered round this devoted Region Quot darkness that might be a brighter Era Isnow opening. Egypt if still m Thomm a Dan,i8 no longer a bigoted and unit provable mass of ignorance and cruelty. The arts Airl sciences Are again extending their influence in the land of the pyramids. Algiers once the terror of Commerce Quot and the dread of the Christian world is now an appendage of France and where the Arab roved and the Tiger and Hyena prowled civilization has fixed its Home and Ento prize projects the improvement of every Oasis believe that Bill perfect but because the Faith of the stale is pledged for the prosecution of those works and because i now believe thai such an Extension of that system As is asked by some gentlemen would be ruinous in the jut sir the Bill now under consideration is no Extension of that system a it is Only to continue the Survey of the great Northern canal to its natural termination that is to say to the Illinoia slate line provided said Survey can be made without any additional expense to the state this Bill does not make an appropriation of one Dollar. It cannot therefore be an objection by honorable members on the score of Extension. By an Extension i understand that Money must be expended. The very term internal improvement Haa become suspicious and if these words be used in a Bill we Are immediately told that it is dangerous a that it will prostrate the system. Surely these Are so Range times. The jealousy of rises up too easily sir it will not be More than a Day or tvo if fears Are so easily excited that a common Road Bill cannot pass this House. For one i Admire that legislator who with Ever vigilant Eye wat cities the interests of his constituents and of the state. But this he May do opposing that which Appertains to neither. This Northern canal sir is one of the grandest die noblest works i f a he whole state. The importance of its connection with Illinois is a mat tor of vast consequences lot it be completed to the Illinois line and connected with the Illinois canal and we have one of the finest lines of communication in the world. It opens up to us All the advantages of an Eastern and Southern Market we can go to new Orleans to Buffalo or new York As the markets May invite. To the state sir when this work shall have been completed i venture to say will yield a better Revenue than any similar work or works of equal perhaps Many members on this floor have not taken the pains to acquaint themselves with the geography of the country through which this canal i proposes to pass particularly that part of it which embraces its Western termination and connection with the Illinois canal. If they had done so i cannot believe their liberality would deny them a support of this Bill and that too when it asks for no appropriation. If this Bill had been presented in its present form at an Early week of the session it would have passed net. Con. But because it succeeds the Universal Slaughter of so Many a caves it is therefore suspicious and some must oppose it. I ask gentlemen not to be alarmed at a Shadow. We ask that this Survey May be thus continued because we think it important to the slate that it should he and we wish this Bill Success that when our engineers shall be upon this line of canal that then they May Complete the Survey to the slate line. No time can be so propitious As this and none so Little expensive to the state. If at some after period Llie state should order the completion of this Survey to that Point which will undoubtedly be the Case it will Cost her a much larger sum to Send out her engineers a great distance to that Point than it would for them to Complete the Survey while Uliey were upon the line. Sir i have been informed by maj. Lewis one of the members of our Board of internal improvement and who is appointed superintendent up ii this Northern canal the ensuing season that he conceived it a matter of the highest importance both to that canal and the state that this Survey should be completed this season. From the High reputation of that Geisleman to Geihsl with his acquaintance of the route of this canal no one would say but that his opinions were entitled to great weight or. Speaker it will not be supposed thai i have any other object in View than state policy. It is True sir this Quot canal concerns my Cone Tuu ends and my county it concerns also Many other counties and the whole state. I have thought it proper to detain the House thus Long in its action upon the passage of this Bill that i might briefly give an exposition of my views in relation to h. I have now closed All i desired to say in relation to it and Hope that my explanation will meet with the favourable consideration of this House and that the Bill May pass in Senate. Or. Liston s remarks upon the report of the majority of the select committee of nine appointed for the purpose of inquiring into the official conduct of the fund commissioners. Or president it will to Well recollected thai when the appointment of this committee was first moved by the senator from Carroll that i opposed the measure As being wholly uncalled for and inexpedient. I was As Well satisfied then Quot As i am at this time that there was not the least necessity for an investigation of this character. I opposed the appointment of a select committee clothed with Power to Send for persons and papers As calculated to make an impression abroad prejudicial to the reputation of meritorious Public officers. I then could not see any reason for this extraordinary movement and still think so. If the fund commissioners had acted Faith Lessly in the procuring or management of the Bank Loi so from Tho Cape of Good Hopo for a thousand then. Fat in the standing committee on the st la. A a r or

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