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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - December 22, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
Voi., , i Ebne Niay december 23, 1830. No. 402. Published amp >l40uire. In the muffs. Two dollars per Anmann if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the retd of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual s message. Flo in cilia is of he Senate and House of representatives the pleasure i have in congratulating you on your return to your constitutional duties is much Heie thened by the satisfaction which the condition of our beloved country at this period justly inspires. The Beneficent author of All Ood has granted to As during the present year lie Alth peace and plenty and numerous causes for Joy in the wonderful Success which at Tenius the Progress of our free institutions. With a population unparalleled in its increase and possessing a character which combines the Hardihood of cute prize with the con Side lateness of Wisdom we see in every Section of our Happy country a steady improvement in the Means of social Intercourse and correspondent effects upon the Genius a and to is of our extended Republic. The apparent exceptions to the Harmony of the Prospect Are to be referred rather to inevitable diversities in the various interests which enter into the composition of so extensive n whole than to any want of attachment to the a ii Ion interests whose collisions serve Only in the end to Foster the spirit of conciliation and patriotism so Essen Giitl to the preservation of that Union whih i most devoutly Hope is destined to prove Impi Cristable. In the midst of these Bles Sinics we have recently witness ii changes in the condition of other nations which May in their consequences Call for the utmost vigilance Wisdom and unanimity in our councils and the exercise of All the moderation and patriotism of our people. The important modifications of their government effected with so much courage and Wisdom by the people of France afford a Happy presage of their future course and have naturally elicited from the Kindred feelings of this nation that spontaneous and Universal burst of applause in which you have participated. In congratulating you my Fediow citizens upon an event so auspicious to the Dearest interests of Mankind i do no More than respond to the voice of my country without transcending in the slightest degree that salutary Maxim of the illustrious Washington which enjoins an abstinence from All interference with the internal affairs of other nations. From a people exer rising in the most unlimited degree the right of self government and enjoying As derived irom this proud characteristic under the favor of heaven much of the Han niness with which they Are blessed a people who can Point in Triumph to their free institutions and Challenge comparison with the fruits they Bear As Well its with the moderation intelligence and Energy with which they Are administered from Stich a people the Dennest Semi Kathy was to be expected in a struggle for the sacred principles of Liberty conducted in spirit Eyer Way worthy of the cause and crowned by an heroic moderation which has disarmed Rey oltion of its terrors. Not a its to title a Tho Strona assurances which the Titian Whin we so sincerely love and justly Admire has Urivon cd tie w it Irod of the High character of the prent King of the French and which if sustained to the end will secure to him the proud appellation of Patriot King it is not a his Success but in that of the great principle which a borne him to the to ironed the Narmont authority of the Public will that the Are rican people rejoice. I am Happy to inform you that the anticipations which were indulged at the Date of my last communication on of our foreign affairs have been fully realized in several important particulars. An arrangement has been effected with great Britain in relation to the Trade Between the United states and her West India and North american colonies which has settled a question that has for years afforded matter for Contention and almost uninterrupted discussion and has been the subject of no less than six negotiations in a manner which promises results highly favourable to the parties. The abstract right of great Britain to monopolize the Trade with her colonies orto exclude us from a participation therein has never been denied by the United states. But we have contended and yith reason that if at any time great Brita May desire the productions of this country As necessary to her colonies they must be received upon principles of just reciprocity and further that it is making an invidious and unfriendly distinction to open her colonial ports to the vessels of other nations and close them against those of the United states antecedent try to 1794, a portion of our productions was admitted into the colonial islands of great Britain by particular Concession limited to the term of one year but renewed from year to year. In the transportation of these productions however Ooi vessels were not allowed to engage Quot this being a privilege a reserved to British shipping by which alone a our produce could be taken to the islands and theirs brought to us in return. From Newfoundland and her Continental possessions All our prof actions As Well As our vessels were excluded with occasional relaxations by a which in seasons of distress the former were admitted in British Bottoms. By the treat of 1794, she offered to concede <0 us for a limited time the right of carrying to her West India posse it Lions incur vessels not exceeding seventy tons Burden and upon the same terms As British vessels any productions of the United states which British vessels might import therefrom. But this privilege was Cou pled with conditions which Are supposed to have led to its rejection by the Senate that is that american vessels should land their return cart roes in the United states Only and moreover that they should during the continuance of the privilege be precluded from carrying molasses sugar Coffee Cocoa or Cotton either from those islands or from the United states to any other part of the world. Great Britain readily consented to expunge this article from tie treaty Ami subsequent attempts to arrange the terms of the Trade either by treaty Sti relation or con it erred legislation having failed it has been successively suspended and allowed according to the varying legislation of the parties. The following arc the prominent Points which have in later years separated the two. Government Quot. Besides a restriction whereby All importations into her colonies in american vessels Are confined to our own products Carriel hence n restriction to which it does not appear that we have Ever objected a leading object on the port of great Britain had been to a prevent 11? from becoming the carriers of British West India commodities to any other country than our own. On the part of the United states it has been contended 1st. That the be regulated by treaty stipulation preference to separate legislation 2d. That our productions when imported into the colonies in question should not be subject to higher duties than the productions of the toothed country or of her other colonial possessions and 3d. That our vessels should be allowed to participate in the circuitous Trade Between the United states and different parts of the British dominions. Theft St Point after having been for a Long Tio s Trento rely insisted upon by great Britain was Given up by the act of parliament of july 1825 All vessels suffered to Trade with the colonies being permitted to Clear from thence with any articles which British vessels might Export and proceed to any part of tire world. Great Britain and her dependencies alone excepted. In our part each of the a Bove Points had in succession been explicitly abandoned in no go citations proceeding that of which the be sult is now announced. This arrangement secures to the United states every advantage ask 7d by them and which the state of the negotiation allowed us to insist upon. The Trade will be placed upon a footing decidedly More favourable to this country than any on which it Ever stood and our Commerce and navigation will enjoy in the colonial ports of great Britain every privilege allowed to other nations that the Prosperity of the country so far As it depends on this Trade will be greatly promoted by the new arrangement there can be no doubt. Independently of the More obvious advantages of an open and direct Intercourse its establishment will be attended with other consequences of a higher value. That which has been carried on since the Mutual interdict under All the expense and inconvenience unavoidably incident to it would have been in supportable onerous had it not been in a great degree lightened by concerted evasions in the Mode of making the transhipment at what Are called the Neutral ports. These indirection Are inconsistent with the dignity of nations that have so Many motives not Only to cherish feelings of Mutual Friendship but to maintain such relations As will stimulate their respective citizens and subjects to efforts of direct open and honorable Competition Only and preserve them from the influence of seductive and Vitia Ting circumstances. When your preliminary interposition was fished at the close of the last session a copy of the instructions under which or. Mclane has acted together with the communications which had at that time passed Between him and the British government was Laid before you. Although there has not been any thing in the acts the construction put upon that treaty by Turkey the article relating to the Pasi Jage of the bosporus is confined to Nat Oris Faving treaties with the Porte. The most Friendly feelings appear to be entertained by the Sultan and an enlightened disposition is evinced by him to Foster the intercom so Between the two countries by the most Liberal this disposition it will be our duty and interest to cherish. Our relations with Russia afe of the most stable character. Respect for that Empire and Confidence in its Friendship towards the United states have been so Long entertained on our part and so carefully cherished by the present emperor and Bis illustrious predecessor As to have become incorporated with the Public sentiment of the United states. No Means will be left unemployed on Ray part to promote these salutary feelings and those improvements of which the commercial Intercourse Between the two countries is susceptible and which have derived increased importance from our treaty with the Sublime Porte. I sincerely regret to inform you that our minister lately commissioned to that court on whose distinguished talents and great experience in Public affairs i place great Reliance Haa bet a qom spelled by extra tie indisposition of exercise a privilege which in consideration of the extent to which his Constitution had been impaired in the Public service was committed to his discretion of leaving temporarily his Post for the advantage of a More genial Cli mate if As it is to be hoped the improvement of his health should be such As to justify him in doing so he will repair to St. Petersburg and resume the discharge of his oficial duties. I have received the most satisfactory Assurance that in the mean time the Public interests in that Quarter will be preserved from prejudice by the Intercourse which he will continue through the Secretary of legation with the russian Cabinet. You Are apprised although the fact has not yet been officially announced to the House of representatives that a treaty was in the month of March last concluded Between Quot the United states and Denmark by which $660,-000 Are secured to our citizens As an indemnity for spoliation upon their Commerce in the years 1808, 1809,1810, and 1811. This treaty was sanctioned by the Senate at the close of its last session and it now becomes the duty of Congress to pass the necessary Laws for the organization of the Board of commissioners to distribute the indemnity amongst the claimants. It is an a it Rree Able circumstance in this adjustment that its terms Are in conformity of the two governments which requires Secre the previously ascertained views of the by it was thought most proper in the then state of the negotiation to make that communication a confidential one. So soon however As the evidence of execution on the part of great Britain is received the whole matter shall be Laid before you alien it will be seen that the amp apprehension which appears to have suggested one of the provisions of the act passed at your last session that the restoration of the Trade in question might be connected with oth a subjects and was sought to be obtained at the sacrifice of the Public interest in other particulars was wholly unfounded and that the change which has taken place in the views of the British government has been induced by considerations As honorable to both parties Asj i Trust the result will prove beneficial. This desirable result was it will be seen Pronto Lihuey tie Iberal and confiding provisions of the act of Congress of the last session by which our ports were upon the reception and annunciation by the president of the required Assurance on the part o f great Britain forthwith opened to her vessels before the arrangement could be earned into effect on her part pursuing in this act of prospective legislation a similar course to that adopted by great Britain in abolishing by her act of Par Hament in 1825, a restriction then existing and permitting our vessels to Clear from the colonies on their return voyages for any foreign country whatever before British vessels had been relieved from the restriction imposed by our Law of returning directly from the United states to the colonies a restriction which she required and expected that we should a Bolish. Upon each occasion a limited and temporary advantage has been Given to the opposite party but an advantage of no importance in comparison with the restoration of Mutual Confidence and Good feelings and the ultimate establishment of the Trade upon fair principle. It gives me unfeigned to pleasure to assure you that this negotiation has been throughout characterised by the most Frank and Friendly spirit on the part of great Britain and concluded in a manner strongly indicative of a sincere desire to cultivate the Best relations with the United states. To reciprocate this disposition to the fullest extent of my ability is a duty which i shall deem it a privilege to discharge. Although the result is itself the Best commentary on the services rendered to his country by our minister at the court of St. James it would be doing violence to my feelings were i to disc miss the subject without expressing the very High sense i entertain of the Talent and exertion which have been displayed by him on the occasion. The injury to the Commerce of the United states resulting from the exclusion of our vessels from the Black sea and the previous footing of Mere Sufferance upon which even the limited Trade enjoyed by us with Turkey has hitherto been placed have for a Long time been a source of much solicitude to this government and several endeavours have been made to obtain a better state of things. Sensible of the importance of the object i Felt it my duty to leave no proper Means unemployed to acquire for our hag the same privileges that Are enjoyed by the principal Powers of Europe. Commissioners were consequently appointed to open a negotiation a Vii the sub rec Porto. Not Long after the member of the commission who went directly from the United states had sailed the account of the treaty of Adrianople by which one of the objects in View was supposed to be secured reached Thi the Black sea was understood to be opened to us. Under the supposition that this was the Case the additional facilities to to derived from the establishment of commercial regulations with the Porte were deemed of sufficient importance to require a prosecution of the negotiation As originally contemplated. It was therefore persevered in and resulted in a treaty which will be forthwith Laid before the Senate. By its provi Sii it is a free passage is secured without limitation of time to the vessels of the United states to and from the Black sea including the navigation thereof and our Trade with Turkey is placed on the footing of the most favored nation. The latter is an ii arrangement wholly Independent of the treaty of Adrianople and the former derives much a Hie not Only from the increased Security which us door any circumstances it would give to the Zicht in question but from the fact ascertain ii in the course of the negotiation that by claimants themselves thus removing All pretence for a future agitation of the subject in any form. Tho negotiations in regard to such Points in our foreign relations As remain to the adjusted have been actively prosecuted during the recess. Material advances have been made which Are of a character to Promise favourable results. Our country by the Blessing of god is not in a situation to invite aggression and it will be our fault if she Ever becomes so. Sincerely desirous to cultivate the most Liberal and Friendly relations with All Ever ready to fulfil our engagements with scrupulous Fidelity limiting our demands upon others to Mere Justice holding ii allies Ever ready to do unto them As we would wish to be done by and avoiding even the appearance of undue partiality to any nation it appears to me impossible that a simple and sincere application of our principles to our f reign i relations can fail to place them Multi Nia Tely upon the footing on which it is our wish they should rest. Of the Points re ferretto the most prominent arc our claims upon France for spoliation upon our Commerce similar claims upon Spain together m Ith embarrassments in the commercial Intercourse Between the two countries which ought to be remo of the conclusion of the treaty of Commerce and navigation Willi Mexico which has been so Long in suspense As Well As the final settlement of limits Between ourselves and that Republic and finally the arbitrage it of the question Between the United states and great Britain in regard to the northeastern Boun Dar it. I he negotiation with France has been Condi cited by our minister with Zeal and ability and in All respects to my entire satisfaction. Although the Prospect of a favo Tible termination was occasionally dimmed by counter pretensions which the United states could not assent he yet had Strong Hopes of being Able to arrive at a satisfactory settlement with the late government. The negotiation has been renewed with the present authorities and sensible of the general and lie by Confidence of our citizens in the Justice and magnanimity of regenerated France i regi it the More not to have it in my Power yet to announce the result so confidently anticipated. No ground however inconsistent with this expectation has been taken and i do not allow myself to doubt that Justice will soon be done to us. The amount of the claims the length of time they have remained unsatisfied and their incontrovertible Justice make an Earnest prosecution of them by this government an urgent the illegality of the seizures and confiscations out of which they have Arisen is not disputed and whatever distinctions May have heretofore been set up in regard to the liability of the government it is quite dear that such considerations cannot now be interposed. The Comox irial Intercourse Between the two countries is susceptible of highly advantageous improvements but the sense of this injury has had and must continue to have a very unfavourable influence upon from its satisfactory adjustment not Only a firm and cordial Friendship jut a progressive development of All their relations May be expected. It is therefore my Earnest Hope that this old and vexatious subject of differ ence May be speedily removed. I feel that my com Fidenco in our Appeal to the motives which should govern a just and magnanimous nation is alike warranted by the character of the French eople and by the High voucher we possess Tor tie enlarged \ news and the pure integrity of the Monarch who now presided Over the ii councils Aad nothing shall be wanting on my part to Meei any manifestation of the spin it we anticipate in one of corresponding frankness and liberality. The subjects of difference with Spain have been brought to the View of that government by our minister there with much Force and propriety and the strongest assurances have been received of their Early and favourable consideration. Tie Steps which remained to place the matter in controversy Between great Britain and the United states fairly before the arbitrator have All been taken Quot in the same Liberal and Friendly spirit which characterized those before announced. Recent events have doubtless served to delay the decision but our minister at the court of the distinguished arbitrator Lias been assured that it will be made win in the time Conte in plated by the treaty. A a i am particularly gratified in being Able to state that a Deci it Fediay favourable and As i Hope lasting change has been effected in our relations with the neighbouring Republic of Mexico. The unfortunate and unfounded suspicions in regard to our disposition which it became my painful duty to advert to on a former occasion have been i believe,.entire-Ly removed and the government of Mexico has been made to understand the real character of the wishes and views of this in regard to that country. The sons Eli ence is the establishment of Friendship and Mutual Confidence. Such Are the assurances which i have received and i see no cause to doubt their sincerity. I had reason to expect the conclusion of a commercial treaty with Mexico in season for communication on the present occasion. Circumstances which arc not explained but which i am persuaded Are not the result of an indisposition on her part to enter into it have produced the delay. There was reason to fear in the course of the last summer Liat the Harmony of our relations might be disturbed by the acts of certain claimants under mexican Grants of territory which has hitherto been under our jurisdiction. The co operation of the representative of Mexico near this government was asked on the occasion and was readily afforded. Instructions and advice have been Given to the governor of Arkansas and the officers in command in the mexican state by which it is hoped the quiet of that Frontier will be preserved until a final settlement of the dividing line shall have removed All ground of controversy. The Exchange of ratifications of the treaty concluded last year with Austria has not yet taken place. The delay has been occasioned by the non Ait Ival of the ratification of that government within the time prescribed by the treaty renewed Auto Jority has been asked for by the i prese Nativo of Austria and in the mean time tie rapidly increasing Trade and navigation Between the two countries have been placed upon the most Liberal footing of our navigation acts. Several alleged depredations have been recently committed on our Commerce by the National vessels of Portugal. They have been made the subject of immediate remonstrance and reclamation. I am not yet possessed of such client information to express a definitive opinion of their character by the Spect soon to receive it. No proper Means shall be omitted to obtain for our citizens All the redress to which they May appear to be entitled. Almost at the moment of the adjournment of your last session two Bills the one entitled Quot an act for making appropriation for building Light houses Light boats beacons and monuments placing buoys and for improving harbours and directing surveys Quot and the other Quot an act to authorize a subscription for Stock in the Louisville and Portland canal company Quot were submitted for my approval. It was not possible within the time allowed me before the close of the session to give these Bills the consideration which was due to their character and importance and i was compelled to retain then for Fiat purpose. I now Avail myself of this Early Opportunity to return them to the houses in which they Resi actively originated with the reasons which after mature deliberation compel me to withhold my approval. The practice of defraying out of the Treasury of the United states the expenses incurred by the establishment and Suppert of lighthouses beacons buoys and Public piers within the Bays inlets harbours and ports of the United states of Render the navigation thereof Safe and easy is Coeval with the adoption of the Constitution and has been continued without interruption or dispute. As our foreign Commerce increased and was extended into the Interior of the country by the establishment of ports of entry and delivery upon our navigable Rivers the sphere of those expenditures received a coi responding enlargement. Light houses beacons buoys Public piers and the removal of Sand bars saw it ers and other partial or temporary impediments in the navigable Rivers and harbours which were embraced in the Revenue districts from time to time established by Law were authorized upon tie same principle and the expense defrayed in the same manner. That those expenses have at times been extra agent and disproportionate is very probable. The circumstances under which they Are incurred Well calculated to Lead to such a result unless their application is subjected to the closest scrutiny. The local advantages arising from the disbursement of Public Money too frequently it is to be feared invite appropriations for objects of this character that Asp neither necessary nor useful. The nuts boy i of Light House keepers is already very Large and Tow Bill before me proposes to add to it filly one More of various representations upon the subject which Are understood to be entitled to respect i am induced to believe that there has not Only been great in tie past exp Iid itunes of the government upon these objects but that the Security of navigation has in some instances been diminished by the iii tip plication of Light houses and consequent change of lights upon the coast. It is in this As in other respects our duty to avoid All unnecessary expense As Well As every increase of patronage not called for by the Public service. But in the discharge of that duty in this particular it must not be forgotten that in relation to our foreign Cotti Merce the Burden and Benefit of protecting and accommodating it necessarily go together and must do so As Long As the Public Revenue is drawn from the people through the custom House. It is indisputable that what Ever gives facility and Security to navigation cheapens imports and All Vliem Are alike interested in whatever produces this effect. If they consume they ought As they now do to pay otherwise they do not pay. The consumer in the must Inland state derives the same advantage from every necessary and prudent expenditure for the facility and Security of our foreign Commerce and navigation that he does who resides in a maritime state. Lof Cal expenditures have not of themselves a. Torres Joni Evit operatic n Fri m ii Bill Diacci appropriations for such f objects i Ali Only not have withheld my assent. The one now returned does so in be eral particulars but it also Corthins appropriations i r surveys of a local character which i cannot approve. It Gies me satisfaction to find that no serious inconvenience has Arisen from withholding my approval from this Lill nor will it i Trust a cause of regret that an Opportunity will be thereby affo ded for Congress to review its provisions under circumstances better calculated for fill investigation than those under which it was passed. In speaking of direct appropriations i mean not to include a practice which has obtained to some ext Rit and to which i have in one instance in a different capacity Given my assent that of subscribing to the Stock of private associations. Positive experience and a More thorough consideration of the subject have convinced me of the impropriety As Well As i expediency of such investments. All improvements effected by the funds of the nation for general use should be open to the enjoyment of All our fellow citizens exempt from the payment of tolls or any imposition of that character. The practice of Tylius mingling the concerns of the government with those of the states or of individuals is inconsistent with tie object of its institution and Gigli in impolitic. The Success fill opem Tion of the Federal system can Only be preserved by confining it to the few and simple but yet important objects for which it was designed. A different practice if allowed to Progress would ultimately change the Cham Ter of this government by consolidating into one the general and state governments which were intended to be kept forever distinct. I cannot perceive How Bills authorizing such subscriptions can be otherwise regarded than As Bills for Revenue and Conser vently subject to the Rule in Liat respect prescribed by the Constitution. If the interest of the government in private Compaq lies is sub ordinate to that of Indi duals the management and control of a portion of the Public funds is delegated to an authority uni Viown to the Constitution and beyond the supervision of our constituents if Superior ifs officers and agents will be constantly exposed to imputations of favouritism and oppression. Direct prejudice to the Public interest or an alienation of the affections and respect of portions of the people May therefore in addition to the general discredit resulting to the government from embarking with its constituents in pecuniary speculations be looked for As the probable fruit of such ass Kejia tons. It is no answer to this objection to say that the extent of consequences like these cannot be great from a limited and Small number of investments because experience in other matters teaches us and we Are not at Liberty to disregard its admonitions that unless an entire Stop be put to them it will soon be impossible to prevent their accumulation until they Are spread Over the whole coun a try and made to embrace Many of the private and appropriate concerns of individuals. The Power which Tho general government would acquire within the several slates by becoming the principal stockholder in corporations control Itig every canal and each sixty or Hundred Miles of every important Road and giving a proportionate vote in All their elections is almost inconceivable and in my View dangerous to the liberties of the people. This Mode of aiding such works is also in its nature deceptive and in Many cases conducive to i Providence in the administration of the National funds. Appropriations will be obtained with much greater facility and granted with less Security to the Public interest when the measure is thus disguised than when definite and direct expenditures Are asked for. The interests of the nation would doubtless be better served by avoiding All such indirect modes of aiding particular objects. In a government like ours More especially should All Public acts l a As far As practicable simple undisguised and intelligible that they May become it subjects for the approbation or Anima version of the eople. The Bill authorising a subscription to the Louisville and Kirtland canal affords a striking
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