Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana 8 Dec 1830
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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - December 8, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
In dial a journal. Vol. , wednesday december 8, 1830, no. 3984 pu15lished by Douglass amp mgt Jire. Terms. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Thrif dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual rates. Governors message. Gentlemen of the Senate and of the House of representatives the auspices under which we have again As Aen bled As the servants of the Best of the , in obedience to the requisitions of Quot a priceless written Constitution and the popular voice demand from each a spontaneous tribute of profound acknowledgement to an of or Vulinec Providence for the numerous Bles Hidirs of the year which is just coming to a close. Whatever ministers to the happiness of Mankind in All civilized nations abounds in our beloved country in All that undiminished profusion compatible with the simplicity of rational desire. Whilst lie Alth plenty peace and Prosperity in uninterrupted continuity constitute prominent themes for rejoicing and thank Oivin ourselves with our fellow-Oiti-jen3 May Vatu late each other in the conscious enjoyment of All and raise a Pecan of Praise to the author of All Good. The Universal developments of the past year at Home and abroad on this and the other hemisphere Are calculated to raise the whole human family still Hig her in the scale of creation in their own estimation than anticipation Ever reached. Many Are to a indications that the Era has just been ushered is for the com and last resort which bought it. In looking into the consequences of any attempt to separate the states we see a train of horrors and follies so appalling in an Hundred aspects that one is ready at the same time to pity the weakness and condemn the Inck Edness of him who publishes a sentiment so regardless of social and relative duty. The palpable impossibility of Ever succeeding in a project so suicidal to the welfare of this intelligent National Community heightens the insanity of the dreadful scheme and must finally Brand its advocates with Marks of distinction More indelible than those which still remain upon the guilty and treasonable foreheads of the Hartford converti zionists. The Constitution of the l United states is a compact and cannot be renounced by a minority without a direct Appeal to the Ultima ratio under All governments the Laws of nature and original rights regardless of every thing but Force from the Mali died and broken obligations of the constitutional agreement. A state taking this course Murst throw itself into a belligerent attitude upon its own resources and strength. This extra constitutional course must impose upon the violating and revolting state All of the responsibilities which the safety of the balance of the parties to the cancelled compact May think expedient to impose is it that cannot see the alarming picture which Mig it be Here drawn presenting civil War with All its calamities ? yet in View of All this the doctrines of the right of a state to secede from the Union for causes deemed sufficient by herself originating in an opposition to a fixed and settled policy of the Nui Jority from which she desserts have received a practical scope from the Gigantic a fibres now Opak ing by popular men and states to enforce them upon the Public mind As orthodox the i it. R 1 ,1 ories of the Republic which on account of their plete overthrow of t in most Lia Tefu errors a a incumbent upon the deadly ene Migos of the world and the Triumph authorities at their threshold with coun and spread of regenerated and Ivason Able inn to expose their i Lacy. The u United states government is neither strictly confederated nor consolidated. The relation which the several states Bear to the general government beautifully exemplifies what has been maliciously denominated a monster in politics Caples based in the enlightened philosophy of the age and the eternal rights of Man. Its great events have Privett birth to a simultaneous Jubilee Over half the Clobe and planted deep in the thrilling souls of millions a Hope of de Verance from Long oppressions and the race of a gators an imperium in . The Oress has succeeded in Contu co sovereignty is the attribute of the one As Well the governed that Thov were not made to be a according to the Powers they re Rule pure but that their rulers belong a Lise divin of Prev Quot to them As servants Jure Humano al a gon u. Appropriate of Hbert from soar. Triumphant with Theof encroach Lent of i Eagle and Star Span Elrd Bannerot the other it is not to be presumed taken her Fligh across the Atlan in to Carce 1 a no constitutional National arbiter for a while with the Illie. And Tricolour old lbs Tiute Law and order for anarchy a Yuhi Franco. This celebrated Fla a the Emlem of reflection it is popular in Ireman an Ltd prostrate Royalty no Republic to contend Waves unmolested Over Nob e and Gallant p Between the several member France. A Donarm user a questions As on the rums of the absolute throne of the hour _ r a w i 1 my 1 i Commerce manufactures agriculture and re Bon. A ii mite Constin Iopal King swaps a 1 n u i a r 1 j. I. I i 1 j 1 a. Quot a a a a or Cuc should be left for adjustment at the mer Inilda sceptre and is now Coli Venn lectures of 1_ _ _ practical Freedom to Europe. Their fore is i by of a Ain Irle state or that the Laws of the influence Paity patronage or other cause would soon read his Fate in the ballot Box for abandoning the inheritance of his constituents in the common purse. Space Here will not permit an assignment of reasons Why we think the general government possesses those Powers or Why it is expedient to exercise them. We have no doubts on either Point. And if we shall Ever be compelled by irresistible circumstances to repeat our consent to an amendment to the Constitution conferring Powers to the government already there for infernal improvement and impost purposes if the enemies to the system will then be quiet we will undergo the trouble. To any Quot modes Operand Quot which May be selected that will Gie us the Union and these measures we will acclaim. It is charged upon the friends of this policy that they impose a a upon certain quarters of the country in order to distribute it in bounties among themselves. How this can be when All part of the country Are equally represented in Congress and Consumers of importations and producers in nearly equal proportions to their population is not discernible. Such sophistication gives reason to fear that there Are Liber Micides in the land i have received and shall Lay before you resolutions of who states of Pennsylvania Delaware and Louisiana declaring that the Tariff of 182h accords with the Constitution of the United states and is not injurious to the Southern states. Corresponding resolves Are from you. The state which our selves and our constituents have adopted has displayed within the past year Ninny unequivocal evidences of a certain and increasing Prosperity. The superabundant productions of a soil Quot adapted to the culture of both necessaries and Haixu Ries affording a sure forecast of the future when agricultural science shall attain to More perfection Are acknowledges As a guarantee that the country of our Choice possesses attractions for Rich and poor Superior to most others. With such a surface and the Hardy industrious and enterprising population already seated upon their own acres and the powerful mass of emigrants which constantly throng our highways in All directions to Settle upon the vacant lands the most sceptical cannot doubt As to the glorious destiny of our state. By tie Aid of a Well regulated system of common schools which shall generally diffuse a practical and useful american education to the poor As Well As to the Rich combined with Moi a advanced universities with both corporeal and mental improvement As their aim and an Independent voluntary moral the spirit of improvement is in the land whilst damages for privileges of Way Are nominal and improvements unmade in Many places for the state to Mark out to the Public Eye those essential lines of Intercourse which must by us or by our successors be made the objects of special consideration and which cannot in the common course of events remain unimproved by a Wise Commonwealth. Our Wabash and Eie canal or its substitute a rail Road Ess expensive and equally valuable on account of its Utility and the provision already accessible for its advancement deserves to occupy the foreground in the Progress of a More enlarged plan for internal improvement or navigation. This infant Arm of our commercial Prosperity and of hopeful Promise to the Farmer has already become the subject of a Lively and general solicitude. Such Ai e the Public expectations and the delicate relations growing out of late fiduciary engagements Between the state and the land purchaser that either forced or voluntary suspension of this work must lie the cause of much pubic and private murmuring besides tie imposition of onerous upon the state not to be desired. The state would be unworthy of her franchises to Gie up this Enterprise now with one hand upon the donation of lands already made and the Rich Miami reservation within tie reach of the other. If the state of Ohio shall blindly refuse the undoubted advantages and donations of land tendered to her by the treaty of 1821iween her and Indiana she will impose through too much Reliance upon her Enterprise and magnanimity Conse fences upon us not less grievous than ruinous to herself. It will be regretted if the absurd idea of canal rivalry shall so successfully Ortrude it Selfin tothe calculations of our sister state As to form even an item of objection to tie ratification of the compact. A refusal to unite with us on this or any other ground How Felt and neither the Alps nor the pyrenees of discipline of the most zif Tomiz cast she will pose barriers to their it breathe has already Sha Europe from the i at i a i nov Cit a Quot a by with her most potent Sisters. Tie his sink at Dihe Hub iii Quot if the ight of to Rule Ajo Ritico tory of our state up to this perio.1, jul rep in. Aerman the Ordian knot of Tho Union Larch. The spirit thy Quot a al of j take her stand upon Tho platform of a Haken the dynasties of 1 the charter would not be Worth Quality in numbers mind morals and end no ref 1 tie Parchment which contains it and would be 1. Quot Quot flu Murais cd e witless despotism i. A. Erfft with her most no tent s Supra to Kio. And even the cold muscovite Are common Wor-1, a. 1, j shippers at her shrine Iio e is strengthened if by fire that she May continue to Tandi s ill los Ell her flaming Flambeau Gnu Europe illustrious dead and living of who Laboured ind time the whole Earth Artig used with a with the in and w As pare a aame As now Burns throughout the Union in two americas. Expressions of opinion at this Monticell time by us on these topics will be both a Washington in the name of prop Riate and Enciu Raeubig As they concern the e Patricial fratricidal and parricide a wars cause of general Freedom and if things go on j j As they have commenced however much up 1 on moral principles we Niay deprecate a Gene. Their various energies into Active Requital War must ultimate in a signal manner to the advantage of our agricultural Ana Commer Cial interests. The new French government has already proposed to reduce the duty on bread stuffs. But when we look to France and there behold a scene of glory As enduring As the everlasting Hills in the four Days successful struggle of her parisian population a sit Ion to preserve in the beak of the Eagle our favorite motto quote Pluri frus unum Quot and the Constellation Aistars and the Escutcheon. But first let the people of All the states do Timeir duty their Legislatures theirs congressmen theirs by provoking each other to the broadest liberality Concession and Compromise with a View to a reconciliation of existing differences in Turnpike roads crossing each other at the Centre of the state our next most important works from Wlinich so much Good is expected to flow Are progressing with As much rapidity As is usual in such cases. On the National Road the balance of the last year s appropriation added to the $60,000 for the present will be expended in grading bridging and Culver Ting the Road about thirteen Miles East and West of the seat of govera intent at a Cost of about 63,000, still leaving a balance in the hands of the commissioners. On the subject of this Road i will remark that the whole Western country will have abundant reason to complain under the cancelled obligations of plighted Faith if i get this late period an unexpected and illiberal construction of the Constitution or other cause shall Stop enlarged annual a appropriations of Money by Congress until it is finished according to the original Survey to the ivies Sis Sippi. The prices at which All the work is taken testify in favor of this As being As favourable As any other time for its pro Gress labour being Low and provisions cheap. The Michigan Road has been placed Vader contract from Madison to logans port. The contracts for this Road during the last summer were entered into at High. Rates compared to those of the National Road. More of the Groat less we have suffered however is Asci liable to the mistaken policy of the Law of the last session providing nothing but scrip for payment without any certainty As to time for its redemption excluding the poor from any thing like Competition and placing the whole of the contracts Witlin the grasp of the wealthy than to the bad management of the commissioner in charge of the Road. But if the commissioner had notified the Public that he would have received proposals and made contracts wit i those who might take Large or Small Given distances for the lowest sum Many would i have bid for the Road who were induced to Ever to Malie the canal will Only leave her put in their proposals according to his Adver without the tendered Bounty and drive us to j tis ement by the mile and thou Gli they were other expedients not less sure although the lowest bidders in that Way were exclude More expensive. The canal route maybe de by the acceptance of sweeping propose Cha de so As to run through the Michigan j tons covering Many Miles in extent. The territory and North of Ohio to Lake i Law already bad enough by placing every this furnishes us with one alternative under thing in the Power of the capitalists was the pressure of necessity altogether possible rendered still worse by the practice under in itself. Another is that the ordinance of i it. These contracts will remain As warn against the stubborn tyranny of their Dothard i la. Us i �.c.ic., Auer and his puerile ministers and learn the conformity with the principles of cause of the revolution and see the com Lon and the rights of All and each. The same Panion of Washington and late guest of the i which Riarte United states Gen ral Lafayett Cli the very j cation in expectancy we Are sure to secure to ourselves extensive commercial privileges. And these with the water Power at command and fuel combined with tie culture of Wool hemp flax Cotton and silk or the ease with which those articles May be obtained from our Neighbours May shortly add another Branch of profitable Indus try to the common Stock in the growth and multiplication of manufactories. These necessary divisions of Industry and sources of wealth Are sure to sustain the mechanical a the Strong Arm of All the departments of labour. To mechanical Genius most of the inventions of the distinguished last half Century owe their usefulness and Fame. The a it wer of steam and the lightnings of heaven Are controlled by it. The Mechanic will 5 it assume his Ranic Over indolence and wealth and like Phideas be honoured in his profession. The Farmer will have his in de a a St miss a a Quot a i Quot a co flit heart hcs softly non proc a. Tention and decide upon them according to Gay Fiat la toe Tuuu a Quot Quot Quot Quot Quot cite Quot their merits with sincere and honest intentions excite our admiration than to Sec a sing patriotism and indulgence ii Eft its becoming the weigh in subject and Allt Odio. A cruel slaved debasement preserving and new modelling a breach seemed to Constitution we Republican features Restor and up Rosita ing the press to its Freedom securing to the a a a a Section of the country poor privileges never before enjoyed on Crim nation and recrimination of their misfortunes Sepa rating Church and. Denunciations of prac flt ate and placing religious Liberty a p j j be Nuri firm basis than Ever. A a posted rebuke a fancy oblivion or the Tomb by the this is to the advocates of Law relic Ion in our a a i a i a tub in Lii Quot Quot a of to r. Laws of Patuto and retributive Justice own country 1 he news of this mighty revo.1. Tion and its effects fall upon a at this event if the tar it imposing duties upon articles in Ful crisis of our history a eth the sweetness of a ported from foreign countries of general con music and will visit the republics of South sumption Here and not the production of our America bleeding under their misrule and fac soil and climate or of the labour of our citizens tons and almost despairing of Success in con i is too High and if this is the grounds of much skin hence of their Long civil wars As a Saviour of the excitement among our Southern Breth a the midst of their afflictions and wasting Ren let it be modified by a prudent reduction contentions a As the Dew drops upon the thirs f the Power so Long cd cruised tvo rash. Already have we seen the Patria i by the general government for the internal Cha Cincinnatus of the French and apostle of i improvement of the country has not done a american institutions announce Init the Recoski qual Justice to the planting states owing to Tion by that government of to e Independence j their rigid construction of the Federal charter of the Southren republics and Spain Verj Oon and this constitutes an item of complaint let must now follow this example. La liberals some plan be conceived by which they shall be throughout the world will Hail with raptures placed on an exact Equality with their sister their Lato acquisition of strength and treat it states in All the disbursements of the National is a Sivirn of the times ominous of the Fate of a Treasury. Some equitable Rule for the App or Solute throne and the fall of Princess of a i Tion ment of the surplus May be easily found cd inure of Sovereign pity from the usurpation of 1 such As territory k. Population combined. But the few to tie natural and to Ravaz a is of if our sister states in the South expect us to a Bandon the fair and legitimate exercise of the numerous Powers of express delegation in the the Many. But whilst elated with the deep Root which the representative principle has struck in the old world we feel commingled with our Joy a sensation of poignant grief at the death toned voice from some disaffected members of our own family at War with our permanent and successful Experiment of its excellency. It presses upon our notice a subject of such sacred awful and frightful import As to in irrow to the fancy the germ of the downfall of this renowned confederacy. With dreadful intonations which Serrate and pall upon our senses theory of disunion has been rung in our ears. It value is undergoing a calculation by dollars and cents. As Union is our palladium so disunion is the fabled wooden horse As delusive and yet As fatal to a As he was to the 1 to Jans. If this monster is not kept without Tho Gates of the City the time will Corne when armies will Rush Quot from its bowels Only to conf Agate do spoil and d it Moli a Tho Temple of Liberty. Quot tap Union must be preserved has been ably said we a ill add by the saw Corst Federal Constitution by the National legislature and consequently the Onward March of what is called and understood to be the Quot am Quot Brinn system Quot or the employment of All Tho Ess Fitial Powers of the Constitution designed for the Protection and encouragement of our manufactures or the labour of our citizens against Independent foreign legislation or policy and the application of the merits thus necessarily accumulating at the Treasury to making roads and canals or improving Rivers As Well As to objects on the Atlantic of a National character they Are slumbering under a delusion out of which they ought in Good Faith to he at once awakened. These am measures too Cardinal too deeply rooted in the expect tons anal interests of a vast majority of the people to admit even of a. Pos ability of their relinquishment. They must Flo Kripli or decay together. The politician of the West and of Indiana who would not with All his Powers Oling to them through All temptation against Prospect of irs Reward is a subject at All times of the liveliest elicitation. The opening of the British West India ports to our shipping through the prudent slip Alful and effective instrumentality of the president of the United states the growth of cities in the United states the increase of manufactures the disturbances in Mexico and Europe and South America the delivery of the Commerce of the Mediterranean by the i Ench from the humiliating and disgraceful vexation to which it has been so Long subjected abolishing piracy slavery and the demand of tribute from Christian nations in Tunis Tripoli and Algiers tie arrangement Avith the Sublime Porte by our sagacious administration for the navigation of the b ack sea taken in connexion with existing encouragement at Home must in a Short time cheer the Farmer by their influence and ratify their pleasing effects from Maine to Missouri among All but most in the West. Such events Are indeed worthy of a place among the Memorabilia of the with such prospects before us we Are brought immediately to the plan of future operations As is pointed out upon the map of the state and the chapter of our necessities. Our Rivers lakes and country their situation and the advantages they hold out in perspective our present and increasing resources the Prosperity of ourselves and posterity look to an Early and prudently arranged system of state and internal improvement such As May probably be executed As one of tie most powerful auxiliaries to the attainment of every end within the scope of practical desire or accomplishment. By first arousing the attention of the people to its importance then convincing their judgments and then going to work with fim Ness and in Earnest we shall be Able to bring into the Field All the faculties of tie state for any factitious display of Energy coming within the Range of general a Elul Ness. Now is surely the time whilst our stale councils Are undivided by implacable in iii a tics Orst iii Jal jealous a is and whilst Congress of 1787, Declai is All navigable Waters leading into tie St. Lawrence common highways and that the Maumee is a navigable water course and leads towards the St. Lawrence. Hence it is free to All to navigate and susceptible of improvement umber authority from the United states. This would be Given As a necessary consequence of die Grant already made. So Here we have another alternative. And if either of these designs should be found not to answer the end in View we May Theta As a Dernier resort but full of Promise in virtue of an act of Congress changing the terms of the canal Grant construct with its products applicable to the whole line of Survey a single railway from the Detroit River across Tho Peninsula to the Southern Bend of Lake Michigan thence to the Wabash River thence to Indianapolis and thence to the Olio River. By Means of such a facility an outlet would be opened for the state including the Wabash country to the Northern and Eastern lakes and the cities of new York and new Orleans or the Gulph of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. The Kentucky rail Road terminating at Louisville would seem to Mark out the Falls of the Ohio River As the Point of termination of the one through Indiana. Thus it May be seen that the states of Kentucky and Indiana and the territory of Michigan May be United a neatly in interest upon a scheme of Mutual benefits which by its truly National bearing might calculate largely upon any amount of National funds or lands which might be found wanting after the application of the proceeds of the lands already granted to carry on the work. It might be calculated with some certainty that by offering to the territory of Michigan the same immense Hoo i which is now offered to Ohio that she will Complete that part of the said Road which runs through her territory. Indiana with her Grants might Complete what would be in her limits. Kentucky Tennessee and other states South of them would doubtless do their duty until the Way should reach the Atlantic. An egrets and ingress from and to the hikes and seas would be secured to us. The Southern Ami Northern markets and productions would be thrown open to our Trade. Whatever May be to bought of this ulterior project whilst the canal is possible it must after that insist upon its Strong claims to favour by its National character and the Prospect of uniting several Large states in its support to secure to it the ample Means of the general government after the payment of their debt. It follows from the above picture that the non ratification of the treaty by Ohio will Only cripple us. The canal lands sold in september averaged $1 70 per acre creating a capital Stock of $75,000.00. It is understood that the terms of selecting the balance of the lands have been adjusted with the United states by the commissioners. It is also understood that the canal commissioners have had an Engineer employed this summer upon the Summit level Section of Tho canal. You Are referred to their report for particulars. I will he re add that tie Semi annual sales of the canal lands will hereafter take place by the existing Law unless the Couise Ohio May take with the treaty shall make it necessary to suspend the sales further up the Wabash until we shall have concluded Lipon other and further operations. Tho National and Michigan and Ohio Ings to the state never again to Trust he credit in the hands of the Speculator. When she borrows Money die Only sacrifice is the interest. But when she subjects Lier paper to the mercy of shave Lings if she escapes from their avarice with a loss of thirty per cent hereafter she Mil do better than she has in the Michigan Road transaction. To the Afore mentioned Law i gave my assent., with the greatest reluctance in a spirit of Compromise common to legislators in of Der to Dri e the vexed question from the House by fixing the Point of termination of the Road and save the state from further expense but i have regretted the sacrifice of. My convictions since and Hope to be Moi a guarded in the future. By the Law of tie last session the governor of this state was required to correspond with the general government and ascertain when and How the lands donated by treaty and an act of Congress to the state to open tie Michigan and Ohio Road Are to be surveyed and whether they Are to be surveyed by the state or general government and urge the immediate Survey of the same by the latter amp a. If the United states government undertook to Survey the lands he was also required upon that condition and that Only to notify the commissioners when to proceed to die selection of a the lands. If the United states refused to Survey the lands then again and upon that condition Only he was to notify the commissioners to employ a Surveyor amp a. And not if Serwise. In faithful obedience to this act the executive did on the 10th of february 1830, open a correspondence with the Hon. John h. Eaton Secretary of War the successor of the Hon. James Barbour with whom by negotiation the governor had the Honor during Liis administration of that department of settling the same questions to the satisfaction of Sie state now submitted to the present Secretary up to the spirit and letter of the Law. Atler waiting for a reply in vain to his first communication until the 8th of july last the exec Tive then addressed the Secretary again and in a More Earnest manner than of first on the same subjects in charge but has received no answer to this. He has also addressed another letter to the Secretary of War asking him to acknowledge the receipt of his Tito first letters but he has received no reply to this. In due time june he gave the above information to the commissioners then at i Diana Polis relative to his having received no decision As to the surveys from the United states. And in due time afterwards first of August after waiting As Long As practicable for the opinion of the War Depati a Niento to his second letter he then gave his opinion through or. Hanna one of the commissioners to them and afterwards by written communication to the Board that for safety they might better proceed to the employment of surveyors a pc. And to the execution of the spirit of the Law so As to pre pare the lands for Market according to its provisions and instruct ice. Copies of All these documents i Shau Lay before the legislature wit i care. This detail of facts will Shew to you that Thero is something wrong some where and it will remain for the War Atid Post office departments to explain the mystery. Yet that tie surveys and locations of the lands made by the Comini Sisoi ers will be Good and valid without any Decion of the
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