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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - December 2, 1837, Indianapolis, Indiana Congress and the executive. At a late meeting of the whigs at Faneuil Hall Boston or. Fletcher the representative in Congress from the City of Boston and who was at the late session of Congress a member of the committee of ways and Means made in the course of an address to the assembled people the lol loping statement Quot during the session the business projects upon will Xii the House was called to act came almost entirely from the committee of ways and Means. There Are nine members of thai committee Only two of whom Are understood to be opposed to the general policy of the administration. I suppose you would like to know the manner in which the business was arranged for the House. I will Tell you the ways the Means you will All see in due Lime. You doubtless suppose that this committee of ways and Means has some duty to do some ways to devise some Means to find oui some plans to originate and in Turc for the action of the House. The committee you imagine.-, look Over the message see what is recon mended to be done for the Benefit of the country consult together As to the Best Mea Urcis and Lay the result of their deliberations before the House. Is this your idea or. President is this what you think fellow citizens if it is i am sorry to inform you that you labor under a very great mistake. I once entertained the same ideas but i soon found my error. No such things sir no such thing the chairman of the committee Steps up to the White House and there receives from the president or the Secretary of the Treasury such Bills As they wish to have passed by the House. The chairman puts the Bills into his pocket takes them to the committee without any examination the majority of the committee approve them the minority can do nothing the Bills Are presented to the House find received As the doings of the committee. Quot i aver to you that every important Bill passed by the House came to the House ready drawn from the executive. The representatives Are Mere machines. Every measure is an executive measure. I mean by the executive the president and Heads of departments the they originate every tiling put every thing in the precise shape t by wish word for word and Lelier for loiter comma for comma and the executive majority in the House pass each Bill Forth Vith without alterations and so far As depends upon Vliem without debate just As it comes from their masters at the White House Quot i had heard of executive dictation of executive usurpation a of executive patronage. I thought i had seen something of it but till i visited the seat of government i had no Conception of its True nature of ils vast extent. I solemnly warn you against this terrible concentration of Power in the hands of the executive i see i a most alarming danger threatening fearfully threatening the liberties of the country executive Power has become a very colossus which bestrides the land from one end to the other and fellow iii Zens if we do not overthrow it most assuredly it will crush us and in crushing us in crushing the people it will crush Liberty it will crush the on the above the National Intilli Goncer makes the following remarks we have copied in another column of to Day s paper an extract from the remarks of the upright and Able representative in Congress from Boston exposing the abuse which has gradually crept into Congress which requires to he reformed altogether and which to be universally condemned Only needs we presume general publicity. The abuse consists in the preparations of business out of the Walls of the Capitol for the committees of Congress to pass a on without examination and present to their respective houses As the results of their deliberation. To such an extent has this practice prevailed that the action of the Quot leading committees of the House of representatives especially is a Mere burlesque of the proper duties of those committees the members of which Are called together once a week or once a month As the Case May be to go through the motions which imply deliberation but form no part of its essence. A single circumstance disclosed in debate during the late session will Ghow How this thing works in practice. The committee of ways and Means in the Heuse of representatives it will be remember tid brought into the House As if in discharge of in duty imposed upon it by the reference to that committee of a number of petitions from different parts of the country in favor of a National Bank and not Content with bringing in that proposition they pressed its consideration upon the House to the prejudice of other business and finally forced a vote upon it by Means of the previous question. In the course of the discussion of the Resolution it appeared in reply to a question from or. Adams that not one of those numerous petitions from respectable bodies of the people was Ever read in the committee or brought to its View. As these petitions had not been read when presented in the House being referred without Reading to the committee and were not read not even As much As looked at in the committee a it follows that the introduction of this Resolution As the result of deliberation on those petitions was a Mere party trick simultaneously played off in both houses of Congress the result of out of door contrivance and a contemptible mockery of deliberation and legis action. The same May be said of nearly every measure reported by the financial committees of both houses at the last session of Congress. From the National intelligencer. The official government paper of yesterday morning thursday has the following commentary on a statement of our Quot the insinuation is made that the Treasury Pavs out but Little specie when a late official report to Congress shows that it has paid out seve ral millions since May last to pensioners labourers contractors and others Quot we presume it continues to make Large payments in Speed be and instead of having issued ten millions of Treasury notes or paper As intimated it has been stated within a Day or two upon the very Best authority that the whole Issue since the Law passed has been considerably less than a million of we supposed and ourselves suggested the fact to it the Treasury pays some specie. To know for example that it has paid the members of Congress in specie and we suppose that some of the executive officers receive their salaries in specie. We did not know and do not now believe that the Treasury pays pensioners labourers generally in specie. Does it pay the army and the militia in specie does it pay the equally hard Eari Ings of our seamen in specie does it pay the meet panics and labourers a the Navy Yards in specie does it receive motions due to it either in Large or Smalt sums in the game medium in which it pays either lab Oife is sailors or soldiers these Are questions a fit pm we should not now ask knowing that the try Ury has business enough already on hand by for the affectation of contradicting As our in the official paper intimation which we live that it could not have done go. But we know that it was authorized to Issue to that amount and we believe that it will be obliged to do so. For the information of those Whorrall desire to understand the degree of readiness and Promp tilde with which the Treasury pays out specie we sub join a copy of a letter which appeared a few Days ago in one of the Philadelphia papers from the Philadelphia enquirer. The government is. The people. Philadelphia nov. 7, 1837. Or. Editor a having been at Washington to transact a Little business with Uncle Sam and As it was of an interesting kind i Stop in this City Long enough to give Yon the particulars hoping you will hold them up before an insulted Community. My business was principally with the Patent office and having Rochester Bank paper i exchanged it for United slates Bank paper while on my Way in new York City As i was informed there that it would be received at the Patent office. But when i arrived at Washington i found that Uncle Sam had a controversy with the Bank still. He said he would not take it. I therefore went in search of a broker and bought a Treasury order for one Hundred dollars ninety of which 1 wished to pay to Uncle Sam s agent or. Hand the chief clerk in the Patent office and accordingly presented it and or. Hand in a very genteel manner said he could not take it he could not pay me Back the ten dollars. And Here i ran against another Snag. But said or. Hand i would like to have you go and present this to the treasurer and see what the result will be for we have never had the like happen before. Well As i was ignorant of matters and things in the great City As tack Downing was of the country when he commenced his expedition was willing of course to run about a Little and see if i could not learn but yet i could not get along very Well for i could not help thinking All the time that Uncle Sam had the advantage of me. However Afler a moment s reflection i recollected that i was Only one of the common people and this was All reconciled and then i went on very Well and the mile or nearly so that i had to walk seemed quite Hort. Well i went in and in my hurry to despatch business never thought to put my hat under my Arm or kiss the floor but Lold Uncle s agent that i owed him ninety dollars and had his note for one Hundred and wished him to take his note and give me ten dollars. And strange and ridiculous As will appear he refused to take the note and pay me Back ten dollars. And when i enquired what in the name of the people i had to do he very coldly remarked Quot of you can go j j to the brokers and buy the and i did so yes i did so and then went the third Lithe and finally succeeded in depositing ninety dollars. All these things Are facts As they actually took place three Days ago. And i now go Home to Western new York to Aih nire our Exchange system and to toll my friends to submit for they Are nothing but common be Ojile. Yours respectfully j. H. Ross. We copy the following article from a Virginia print As Well on account of its intrinsic truth As to do Justice to the Manly and Independent spirit of which it is Only one of Many evidences we have seen with pleasure and with increased respect from the same . Lit. From the Genius of Liberty. Hemry Clay s immeasurably Superior Are the lessons of practical Wisdom of this great statesman to All the noisy declamation of the time serving politicians of the Day. The one looks to approve himself the Servile tool of party to sustain measures of temporary and doubtful policy and expects and demands the Reward of the partisan. The other with the Elevation and dignity of the Patriot who loves his country who beholds in the perpetuity of her institutions the Safe and enduring abode of rational Freedom watches with deep solicitude every of tort of Power against Liberty and looking through the Vista of years to come describes with prophetic sagacity the tendency of present measures to strengthen the one and weaken the other. It is remarkable in the whole course of or. Clay since he came into Public life that considerations merely personal have never influenced his conduct. In All the important trusts confided to his Wisdom he has looked solely to the Benefit and glory of his coi mtr we invoke for the speech published to Day a careful and patient perusal. No Man can read it without being struck with the wickedness and Folly of the various experiments which in Defiance of All Law have been and still Are Practised upon a too confiding people. No Man can read it without perceiving the Gigantic and growing Power of the executive and the necessity of restricting that Power within constitutional limits. Beholding Man in his vices his weaknesses and his wants essentially the same in every age the statesman argues from the present to the future by the steady Light and sure guide of experience. The de elopement of the causes of the Universal distress which pervades the country and the derangement of the currency and finances is but the history of predictions Long since made by Henry Clay and other distinguished senators. The Quot sub Treasury one of the strongest objections urged against the sub Treasury Bill by its opponents was that it is calculated to put Joney in the pockets of the office holders at the expense of the following extract from a late Cincinnati Gazette shows How easily this is done a yesterday nov. 2d, in the year of our lord one thousand eight Hundred and , and in the first year of the presidency of Martin the first in the Dominion of the United Stales of America we had a sub Treasury operation Here in Cincinnati which we narrate in illustration of the regular operation of the sub Treasury system now in Force in the United states and proposed to be established by Law. A draft from the treasurer of the United slates in favor of the Surveyor general of the United states for Ohio Indiana Wisconsin &lc., on the receiver of Public moneys at Cincinnati was presented for payment for the sum of thirteen thousand dollars. The receiver As in duty bound paid Over the amount at his sub Treasury office. From this sub Treasury office the specie was conveyed to an office where about a million of dollars of specie has been purchased since May last and exported to Phila Delphiia. The conclusion is that that the Surveyor Gen dial has sold the specie or the draft for it at the Market Price Advance and intends to pay the Workey surveyors Atid their hands in such funds a he can make acceptable to the nit put this Market Price at six per cent which is lower than is daily Given and the profit on the Sale of 13,000 dollars is seven Hundred and eighty dollars it the pocket of a Public officer does not the fact Here stated clearly prove that the operation of the Liew system is to make Quot Tell millions Quot of Treasury notes. To know Quot nov Hare we said that the Treasury had �8suelleom/or me Public officers rags for the common ten Titei employ and for the people. Reflections on the late political revolution. The whole history of the United states from the Day when the colonies cast off the Yoke of great Britain Down to the present hour does not present a single instance of so sudden and Complete a political revolution As that which be have witnessed within the last eight months. The Quot hero of new Orleans Quot the Man Quot born to come and the Quot revered chief Quot the Quot second Washington Quot did not retire from the High station in White a he had exercised so absolute an authority without graciously providing for the people a successor who Stabi Islieb himself As he supposed in the entire Confidence of the Community by a pledge and a Promise Quot to walk generally in the footsteps of Liis illustrious the people a a billed to this piece of on the part of general Jackson with the apathy of men accustomed to the Yoke and though it May Well be doubled Hellier or. Van Lii ren had an actual majority of the popular Voles yet his plurality Over either of the other candidates was very great. His partisans controlled the legislation and directed the political course of sixteen of the five envy six slates he had a very Large majority in the Senate and anticipated a majority in the House Strong enough to carry any measures which Quot the party Quot might agree upon. On the very Day of his inauguration he took a step extremely characteristic a one of those Many Vres by Means of which he has gained a reputation which in truth is but Little merited for uncommon political shrewdness a a shrewdness which Afler All is no better than a Low mean cunning. In his address upon taking the oath of office he pledged himself in so Many words that if a Bill should pass both houses of Congress to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia he would arrest it and prevent it from becoming a Law by the exercise of the executive veto. By this pledge thus indecently and unconstitutionally Given he hoped to bind All the South to his fortunes and engage them in Lus support and no doubt this declaration of his has had a considerable weight with some of the Southern politicians. Thus Strong in his own resources and with this Hope and Prospect of new support from the South or. Van Buren certainly did not anticipate nor is it probable that a single Man in the United Stales anticipated that sudden and astonishing political change of which we have been the witnesses. This revolution first developed itself in the Western states not As is probable because it was any More Ripe there than it was in theres of the country but because it there first had an Opportunity of exp whiling itself at the polls. Kentucky Anil Tennessee notwithstanding the strenuous efforts on the part of the Van Buren men to revolutionize those Stales assisted in Tennessee by the incessant electioneering intrigues of general Jckson himself came out stronger than Ever for the whig cause and out of Tiva Ity six members of i in House of representatives to which conjointly to Quot i by Are entitled they elected Twenty one i whigs twi half and half men and Only Aree full blooded lories. Ohio and Tyliana followed this Noble example. In both Willese stale a the legislature was wrested from the hands of uie tories and handsome majorities in both branches were secured by the whigs. Nor was this All. Out of Twenty six members of the popular Branch of Congress to which these two slates were conjointly entitled there were cle cled seventeen whigs against nine tories. These unexpected results gave the whigs a strength in the House upon which neither they nor to Weir opponents had at All calculated. But though they furnished a Strong Index of the change in popular opinion that was going on yet even with these lights the shrewdest politicians did by no Means perceive the extent of that change. Or. Calhoun pretends to be a great political Prophet and during the last session he boasted in his place on the floor of the Senate that he had foreseen the then existing slate of things some ten years previous. It is a great pity that his prescience had not extended Forward a few months further. Most assuredly had he foreseen the result of the new York election he never would have resolved upon the course which at the last session he saw fit to adopt. But foreseen or not the course of re Volution moved on with accelerated impulse. Rhode Island had already followed the example of the Western slates. Next to the Surprise of every body came Maine a a stale of which the most sanguine entertained hardly a Hope. Nevertheless the whigs carried the Day even in Maine and succeeded in electing their governor and securing a handsome majority in the House of representatives. But the new York election is the most astounding of All. That state Winch was thought to be so entirely and thoroughly imbued with Van by re ism a and from whence the infection had spread abroad to All the rest seems of a sudden almost in a single night to have been converted into the most thoroughly whig slate in the Union after this result that the tory Loco Foco party in Massachusetts should have been thoroughly routed and driven from the Field on monday last certainly is a thing not to be much wondered at. We repeat it the whole history of the country does not present so sudden and Complete a revolution As has taken place in the politics of the u. Stales during the last eight months. The great and Nielan Choly change in 1800, which transferred the political Power of the country from the old federalists into the hands of or. Jefferson and his friends was Efi acted by a very trifling majority. A considerable change in the relative strength of political pallies took place sit the Lime of the embargo but that change was not sufficient to shake the authority of the party in Power. The same observation will apply to the change consequent upon the declaration of War against great Britain. The majority by which general Jackson was chosen president Over j. Q. Adams was not the result of a sudden change of political opinions indeed it was not the result of any change at All. Imie Calhoun Crawford and Jackson parties United were from the first in Point of numbers More than a match for the friends of or. Adams and the majority they obtained at the presidential election was Only an indication of what always had been their strength. It was nothing but the unquestionable patriotism of the administration of or. Adams the distinct and invariable aim with which All its measures were directed towards the Public Good that enabled that administration to get on at All. Its strength was a moral not a numerical strength its safety consisted in making it self above even the Cavies of its enemies. So far from being a reproach to that administration to acknowledge that it was always in a minority that acknowledgement is the highest compliment that can be paid it. It stalled in a minority and in the face of the bitter and ferocious opposition which was instantly organized against it it had no resources except in its own virtue. To repeat then that the political revolution which has just taken place is the greatest Recor ded in our history. It is a revolution full of teachings. Among other lessons it includes a warning to demagogues to be cautious How they calculate too securely on the gullibility of the people. So Long As matters remain in Mere theory and speculation the people no doubt Are easily imposed upon but when it comes to mailers of fact and mailers of practice the task of deceiving them is not Atlas. Is that Man going ashore there solitary and a Lone with a face As Black As a Cloud Quot Quot that Why that that s Thomas h. Benton Quot a Pitts. My. Russian system of conscription one of our late Paris papers contains a description from which we extract the following of an expedient resorted to by the russian autocrat to embellish with Little appearance of Romance his half civilized system of military . Daily adv. Quot the Camp of Wozne sense in the government of Kaveri Zoslaw was chosen this year for the grand manoeuvre of the russian cavalry. About this Camp the government has established military colonies to cultivate the numerous farms and it was desired that the colonies should be full of activity at the time of the arrival of the German princes who were to visit Wozne sense. But the colonies As yet were Only inhabited by soldiers and counted but few women. Consequently an Imperial order enjoined on the author ivies of the governments of Wolynia of Podolia and of kilo via to require the Dinini stators of the property confiscated in consequence of the revolution of 1830, to obtain from their countries a Levy of six Hundred Young girls for the service of the Camp of Woz Nese ask. According to this order the Young girls were to be aged from sixteen to Twenty and As far As possible handsome and Well formed. The administrators set about executing this order but As the news spread into several of the villages the women and the Young girls took to flight and sought Refuge in the midst of the forests and the desert Steppes. In other villages the peasantry declared that they would defend to the death their daughters their Sisters and affianced ones. The officers thinking that a resistance was announced in so energetic a manner might be of a nature to cause great disorder addressed a report to the government. In consequence of this several detachments of troops were sent to enforce the execution of the orders. This was done a the peasants were trapped like wild beasts the Young girls were torn from the bosom of their families and the soldiers notwithstanding the orders of the officers who under these circumstances did All in their Power to reconcile humanity and their duly committed Many acts of violence. The most deplorable scenes took place on the estates of the human belonging to the count Alexander Potocki and on those of Zinkow belonging to the Princess de Wustenberg born Princess of Czartoryska. At several places the peasants armed with scythes and clubs maintained a furious contest with the soldiers but they were finally forced to yield to numbers. Some were killed others imprisoned and delivered up to Justice. Already several judgments have been Given against them. Twenty two peasants have submitted to the punishment of the lash. Eighteen after having suffered the Knout have been sent to Sibera others Are still in prison. The Imperial order was then executed. Six Hundred Young girls taken by Force from their country from their families were despatched with a military escort to the Camp of Wozne sense. Quot on their arrival at the Camp they were like the army recruits subjected to shameful Examina Lien that any serious infirmities might be discovered. The prettiest clothed in various costumes like the Tirolese spaniard and English women were distributed among the diff rent farms of tie military Colony. It was undoubtedly to of ter to the German princes and the illustrious strangers. The annual meteoric Shower of the 13th november the new Haven Herald of tuesday contains an interesting paper from professor Olmsted detailing the particulars of his observations of the annual meteoric Shower on monday morning last. We make from it the following extracts in order that every part of the firmament might receive its due share of attention the four quarters of the heavens were parcelled out by eight persons two to each Quarter one to observe and one to record. The full Moon however shone with so Strong a Light As almost to hide the stars permitting none to be seen below the third magnitude of course no meteors but those of unusual brightness could be visible. No shooting stars were observed till five minutes past one o clock when they began to appear at considerable intervals Ema Nalin g As usual from the head of Leo which Constellation was then ascending the Eastern sky. The meteors gradually increased in number and Brightnes until Day Light. Nearly All As they darted Forth left visible traces of their paths. Some of these were Brilliant and All must have had a High degree of brightness to overcome so Strong a Moon Light. The whole number counted during the night was 226. Of these All but 10 or 12 either radiated from a Point in the head of Leo or moved in lines which if continued would have passed thro that Point. The maximum or period of greatest frequency has usually occurred about four o clock but on the present occasion after three o clock the numbers rapidly increased and remained nearly uniform for the next three hours averaging nearly one per minute. The various meteorological instruments were attentively inspected during the night but nothing remarkable was observed. The spots on the Sun which some have supposed to have a connection with the zodiacal Light Are very remarkable at present and peculiarly deserving the attention of yesterday the 13th eight distinct groups wore visible on the Sun s disc even to the smallest Tele Scopes. These with larger Powers could be resolved into More than sixty distinct spots. Yale College nov. 14. New York election. We have now full returns of the recent election. The whigs have carried six out of eight senators elected this year and one Hundred and one out of 128 members of the House of r preventatives. In the legislature elect parties will stand As follows whig. V. B. Senate 10 22 House Quot 101 27 loss of the steam boat Ceylon. On wednesday night last the Steamer Ceylon left Louisville for new Orleans about dark having on Board about 300 passengers a valuable cargo and a number of horses. About ten o clock at night the boat was discovered to be on fire and shortly afterwards the flames burst out of the hold where it originated. Whether communicated from the fire under the boilers or in some other manner we have not Learned. It was found impossible to run her ashore when first discovered and she was run the whole length of the Salt River reach a distance of a bout 2 Miles in a Complete Sheet of flames when she was run ashore with admirable skill by the Pilot. A gravel bar on each Side of the River prevented her being run on Shore sooner. As soon As she was made fast the passengers All got ashore Safe not a single life having been lost. The boat cargo and baggage of the passengers were totally lost. We however understand that the horses on Board were saved. The passengers give great credit to Captain Hale and his Crew for the manner in which they conducted Thern selves during the trying period. The Ceylon was one of the most splendid Pas 1 a a a a . Senger boats on the Western Waters about 300 whose presence were expected at Itie Camp some i a a tons Burthen and Only 6 months old. She was 111 49 whig majority on joint ballot 62 in the last legislature of new York parties were thus divided Senate vanity a 27 whigs 5. House vanity a 94 whigs 34. Vanity majority on joint ballot 92. If there Ever was such a thing As a total revolution in Public sentiment in a single year we think the change Iti the new York legislature from a Van Buren majority of ninety two to a whig majority of Sixto two must Aff Ord a tolerably fair Sample of such revolution. The result of the election for members of the House of representatives exhibits the True stale opinion and Progress of the revolution in the slate of new York. In this body the whigs have carried about 4 to 1. Had the whole Senate been chosen this year a similar result would have been exhibited. But the a Senate of new York is chosen for four years and is divided into four of eight members each one of which classes is elected every year and of the class chosen this year the whigs carried six out of eight and were so near carrying the whole eight As to frighten their opponents not a Little. We regret exceedingly that an unexpectedly heavy majority for the Loco Foco candidate in Delaware should have Over balanced the whig majority in the other counties of the senatorial District and thus occasioned the loss of or. Van Shack s election a gentleman of talents a whig Good and True who has done the state some service As editor of the Albany advertiser and wha would have done the same As senator. But without some draw Back like this the new Yolk Victory would have been too great for the philosophy of our whig friends in the Empire state. As it is let us be profoundly thankful for the Good achieved for these decisive evidences that the Public mind having emerged from the Long and dreary night of Man worship and from the oppressed Yoke of the spoilers is once of store resuming a healthful condition. The signs Are indeed cheering to the Best Hopes of the Pat. _ an impression is attempted to be made by Loco Foco papers that in new York City As Well As a number of counties three tickets were is not the fact. In the City of new York there were but two tickets in the Fields the legitimate whig nomination and the Loco Foco agrarian. In but two counties As far As we can learn were there tickets and in one of these the whigs succeeded Over both the others combined. In the other they also succeeded by a plurality a Small majority of the whole number of votes Given against them. Quot honesty is the Best policy Quot but we can hardly blame them for a Little dishonesty in endeavouring to cover their overwhelming . Chronicle. 0&Quot picturesque and pastoral scenes which might relieve the ennui of the grand Many Vres. As to the Young girls who had not the requisite share of Beauty they were destined to become was women to the soldiers. Quot the peasants have presented a petition to the emperor that they May obtain the return of their unfortunate girls. This petition has been warmly supported by the marshals of their districts. It is not yet known what decision will be taken on it. It is thought that these women will be compelled to marry the colonized soldiers. It was in this manner that under the reign of Catherine a Potemkin after the devastation of the Steppes of the Crimea sent there numerous detachments taken from the russian regiments and to Complete his projects of colonization ordered a Levy of Young girls who were brought from different provinces and Given As wives to the new colonists. Such Are the facts which have just occurred no commentary is Newessa Loco Foco ism nonplussed. An incident occurred at the Loco Foco meeting the other night which is described As having upset the Gravity even of the old dons of the party. A thorough going Loco Foco one who went the Quot whole Quot for or. Van Buren s message was declaiming in a violent style against the credit system of the country and denouncing the Banks with great fury until rising in enthusiasm he exclaimed Quot what is the real value of these Bank rags what Are they Good for Quot to this interrogatory put with All the sledgehammer vehemence of a Practised demagogue a voice in the crowd replied Quot they Are Good to pay your debts with Quot Quot i Don t owe any thing Quot said the Loco Foco. Quot i beg your Pardon Quot said the same voice but i have your note for $400, for which i should be willing to take Twenty five cents on the if an Avalanche had descended upon the confounded Loco Foco he could not have manifested More astonishment and dismay. He stood Uncertain what to say or to do. A cold sweat broke out upon his forehead. His Teeth chattered and he sat Down amid the Insp Prestible laughter of his friends. I he Leco Foco was dished and a speech that Benton might have envied was prematurely Cut Atlas. Partly owned in Pittsburgh and the remainder in this City she was estimated at $30,000, $20,000 of which was insured $10,000 by the firemen s and $10,000 by the Beaver insurance offices of Pittsburgh . Louis rep. The emperor Nicholas. The present autocrat of Russia appears to be a More incomprehensible being than Napoleon. His own subjects adore him As every thing Noble Brave generous patriotic. Foreigners who have visited his court especially americans Are charmed with his affability and Domestic Virtues while the poles exec rate him As a cruel blood thirsty tyrant. Posterity perhaps will do him Justice. The convention of North Carolina editors took place at Raleigh on the first inst. The committee reported Quot Strong resolutions against the infamous practice of pampering the vilest of appetites by violating the Sanctity of private life and inn Lii in Gross personalities amp i decorous language. No personal controversies to be admitted but As advertisements. No Journeyman is to be employed who has not faithfully adhered to his apprenticeship engagements or who leaves his employer in debt. Regulations were made As to charges for advertisements. Alex. Gaz. Frightful mortality. The new York journal of Commerce says Quot a letter from the Captain of ship Nestor hence to new Orleans states that of 212 passengers who went out in that ship 162 died previous to october the 4th, chiefly of yellow fever and that on the 19th, Oxly ten out of the whole number survived. The Nestor left new York on the 22d of generous sympathy. A Steamboat arrived at Wheeling on monday evening last having on Board a number of respectable looking passengers. Wh6n the boat touched at the Warf As is usual Ai that enterprising Little City a Busy personage jumped aboard with Quot gentlemen a seat for Baltimore to Day Fine coaches fast horses sober Drivers and i have slips with new York election news shall i have the pleasure of giving you one sir Quot said the Busy person to a rather decent looking Stout stranger who had begun to look interested in the subject Quot let me give you a slip glorious news sir Quot thank you sir Quot said the Stout Man As he stopped eager to peruse his slip but his visage lengthened and at length he dropped the harmless paper As though it had Burnt his fingers. Quot boy take that trunk ashore Quot shouted the Stout Man in a voice of Thunder and drooping his head he stepped out of the Cabin and hurried off in silence Quot whew Quot said the Busy Man Quot Captain who they have a newspaper in the Sandwich islands a published in English at Owyhee and edited by an american. It was Here that capt. Cook lost his life. Little did he think that those Savages would in such a Short space of time be enjoying the Light of christianity and civilization with its attendant luxuries dissipation and vices. Such however is the fact and that Beautiful group of islands in the Pacific Ocean now has schools churches ships and printing offices a forty years ago a or Dean then some Twenty years of age left this City and a Large Circle of relatives to make a voyage to China expecting to return with the same ship but being cast away he was doomed to the Fate of a luckless wanderer in strange lands without an Opportunity of returning Home till within a few Days past. Nearly half his absence was spent in confinement among the turks spaniards and the Savages of Madagascar the last of whom Cut off his nose. Strange to say on his arrival in this City a few Days since he found his Mother still alive and Well together with his Sisters and Brothers with All of whom his name had Long been mentioned Only As a tradition of ancient times. A. F. Sun. Woman. Quot nature has Given woman an influence Over Man More powerful More perpetual than his Over her from birth to death he takes help and Healing from her hand under All the most touching circumstances of life her bosom secures him in infancy soothes him in manhood supports him in sickness and in age such influence As this beginning at the Spring of life and acting in All its trying moments must deteriorate or improve Man s character must i Ninish or increase his happiness according to the moral and intellect Nal Elevation or degradation of woman. Thus up on her improvement in particular depends human improvement in general. Call Rosina up on All woman to Rise to a work that will bring such Quot exceeding great them to think More of their sex and less of themselves and More of Universal humanity than either. The Riv airy of pretty faces and French fashions the Era elites of coquetry and the follies of flirtation Are All blasphemies against their own Power their own privilege that of perfecting the moral Happi Ness and intellectual character of human nature mrs. Sheridan. The methodist episcopal Church. The general minutes of the methodist episcopal Church for the past year contain the following statement of the members according to the reports of the several conferences Viz Whites. Coloured. Indian. Total. This year 570,123 76,240 2,695 658,157 last year 564,974 .83,296 2,933 653,032 typographical. The Cleveland Herald of saturday last contains the following notice of the Luck attending editors and printers in being returned to the legislature of that state As members at the ensuing session people of Ohio have displayed excellent ase in the composition of the next legislature by setting up Ion practical printers for head lines to the legislative body All True whigs. Another was crowded out of the form by a single space. We Trust these men of letters will stick together a pamphlet of Good Laws for their constituents not forgetting that their brother typos would be glad to Register them on their Sheet for the Benefit of subscribers provided they can do it Quot by authority Quot with quoins in Bank to foot the Bill. Cash paid for Rye and Corn at West s Milt nov. 18. 5�?6w booksellers merchants amp printers from the country will please take notice the present is a very favourable Opportunity for you to Purifi Reetho following articles at reduced prices Viz Law medical classical miscellaneous and Schoor books. Also paper copy and Blank books and printing presses Wlinich must be sold to close the business of a firm. Apply to e. Vav. Chester esq., Assignee of Corey amp Webster main Street or to the subscriber at the sign of Young men s Bible depository fourth St. Between main and Sycamore. A. F. Robinson nov. 18�?3t a Cincioni to Guz agent. New goods cheap for Cash the 1 subscribers have just received a Supply of fall and Winter goods among which Are the following cloths in Limeres Saltine its Merino Flanic % Petersham Flushing Lineys amp a. Amp a. 3-4, 4-4, and 5-4 Brown and bleached muslims la a by Mackinaw and Rose Bian Kels and a Good Astori ment of boots and shoes. They invite country dealers and All others buying for Cash to Call and their Stock. Cor win Foote amp co., 108 main Street Cincinnati. Also an assortment of carpets and rugs nov. 18�?5�?7w Gazette Are now about one thou Sand newspapers established in the United states from which Are issued at a moderate calculation one Hundred million printed sheets anti ally which if in one continuous Sheet would reach four times from pole to pole and Era died in a Book form would be equal to issuing six Voluntad As Large As the Bible every minute in the year. Paken up by William Smith living in sugar i Creek township Hancock county la. On the 1st Day of october 1837, an stray cow mostly red some White on the Rump White Tail and belly 5 year old marked with two Swallow Forks a i the left ear. Appraised of $15, by John e. Beaty and John Parker before me oct. 10, 1837. A True copy from my stray Book. Ambrose Shirley i. N nov. 13�?3tp As Stoien on the 24th of september front the subscriber living 12 Miles South of Vernon a Stii Berry loan Mare with a red mane and Tail a Small Star in Hor face and a while Stripe around Hor body with a lofty Carriage when in the bridle about 15 hands High. Any person who shall find her and write to the subscriber at Vernon be iming county la. Will be entitled to a Reward of $10. Alfred Chandler nov. 18�?3tp

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