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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - August 4, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana
/ i a a t a Indiana journal. Vol. , wednesday August 4, 1830. No. 380. Published by Douglass pc Maguire. Terms. Two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of Tho 3 ear. Advertisements inserted on the usual terms. To the electors of the first congressional District of Ohio. I have always been opposed in principle to the Southern practice of candidates for office addressing the Public in their own behalf nor should 1 now adopt this course but that some opinions i have for nned and expressed concerning Public interests have been so variously represented or Raiher misrepresented As to Render it proper for my own justification that i should Lay them before you. It never has Beer my intention to seek office nor is this publication now made with a View Ltd of soliciting your Sui Flag is but of showing you thai i still adhere to the same principles upon which i have acted for several years and that whoever May be liable to the charge of changing their Opin ions i am not. It is Well known that i advocated the election of general Jackson to the office of president of the United states at the first canvass when be failed and at the second when he was elected by a Large majority. I did not espouse his cause from admiration of his services As a military Man but because i thought i perceived in Bis character a firmness of purpose and an Independence of feel inst hat would riot permit him to play the demagogue or sacrifice the great interests of the nation to gratify a fact Fin in any Quarter of the u i it however formidable it Mitch to a. I also Felt satisfied Bis Opinio Fis up Oij the sub jocks of the Tariff and internal improve ments were the same with my own. I a jew it was asserted by the Friet ids of the Oiher candidates both in the newspapers and at Public and private meetings that he was hostile to these measures and that the South supported him on the grouted that he was opposed to them while the people of the Middle states openly and publicly advocated his election because he was Friendly to those interests. S Strong indeed was the attachment of the people in this country to this policy that when or. Baldwin who was one of the earliest advocates for the election of general Jackson in the state of Pennsylvania and to whom in some measure had been attributed the origin of the system of internal improvements and the Tariff visited this City the Jackson party gave him a dinner which was familiarly denominated the Tariff and internal improvement dinner and was iut landed to identify general with the system. I did not however repose Confidence in newspaper a a seniors on either Side but Diew my con. Lesions from his conduct and votes in Congress while a senator from , in the sessions of 1823 4, and 1824-5, which i then thong to w is a sure guarantee that the internal system so essential to the Prosperity of the Western country had in him a firm and consistent supporter. A id those years he voted for several Bills Tor internal Ifni movement it and upon most of that a in opposition to the Souther ii senators who then were As Well As now hostile to this system and can see nothing in the Constitution that will justify the making of roads and canals to increase the facilities of internal Commerce Between the states although they can find in that instrument sufficient authority for Congress to Liziie the Atlantic Shore from Maine to Mexico with improvements for external Commerce. The Bills i r which president Jackson voted while a Dator were 1st. A Bill authorising a Road from Mem plies. In the state of Tennessee to Little Rock in the Levi Story of Arkansas. 2d. A Bill for laying out and making certain roads in Florida. 3d. A Bill to procure necessary surveys of roads and canals. 4tb. A Bill to improve the navigation of the Mississippi Ohio and Missouri Rivers. 5th. A Bill for out and making a Road in the state of Missi Uri. 6ih. A Bill to subscribe Stock in the Chesapeake and Delaware canal company. 7th. A Bill to extend the Cumberland Road to Zanesville. I am aware that a Bill was passed the last session of co tigress and approved by the president making appropriations for the Extension and repair of the Cumberland Road but it is understood the Power to make and improve this Road rests upon a compact Between the general government and the states West of Ohio by which one tenth part of the Nett proceeds of the Public lands within the same Are to be applied to the making of roads from the sea Board to and through those states and not upon the general Power of Congress under the Constitution to make internal improvements. In the years 1824 5, when the aforesaid Bills were passed and sustained by the votes of general Jackson the National debt was upwards of one Hundred millions of dollars and if Ever there was a great necessity to postpone internal improvements in order to pay it it was then rather Titan now when if does not exceed forty five millions. The National debt is paid at the rate of ten millions per annul by the operation of what is called the sinking fund. And no president is entitled to any credit for it he does no More by any act of his towards it than any of you do. There always has been and will continue to be a Foffi client fund for this purpose Aid leave a surplus of at least , l a be annually applied if Congress think proper to the improvement of the country by roads and canals. The acts of the president during the last session of Congress have convinced me that he is now is Nii ally opposed to the system of i. Vernyl in prov ments and i have my doubts whether the Destruf Tion of tiie Tariff will not Fol love. It is proper i hot a a id state the acts to which i allude. The first is h s message to Congress fir cum paying his veto to the Claysville and Lexington Turnpike. 2d. Hia veto to the Bill to subscribe Stock to the Washington and Frederick Turnpike. This Road connects the Cumberland it it and with Washington City and is her Efrein my View purely National. 3d. The retail i a a for further consideration the Louisville and Portland canal Bill. The advocates of Gen. Jackson who Are determined to adhere to him under All circumstances but who cannot deny the nationality of the Louisville and Portland canal Bill have made several excuses for this act Simie of which it May not be deemed i pro a per to notice. The first is the conduct of the opposition in determining to push internal improvements so far that the president would be obliged to break Down the system or it would break him Down. I do not by any Means admit the truth fat of Liis , because the president was said to have a majority of forty in the House of representatives and a decided majority in the Senate and under such circumstances i cannot Well see How the minority could Cotrel. But admitting it to be True it Urf by Vituld not have a realized the president s Powers of discrimination and deprived him of the capacity of distinguishing Between Hil it Itiat were local or National in their object mid approving the one and rejecting the other. The most plausible reason that has been assigned for the retention of the i ii Seville canal a ill is that Congress by a Bill providing for the Survey of the Falls of Ohio to ascertain the Pratti Bilitz of removing its obstruct Tiiu is had made up an Issue Between the canal and the Falls and that it was proper under such circumstances the Bill should be retained for consideration until Quot its Issue is determined. When i first saw this excuse in the telegu Itab it appeared to me to have weight and i was surprised the president had not assigned it As a reason for its Retei Tion but on an examination of the Light House Bill the one referred to As containing the provision i find the reason Strong As it is does not in fact exist. The part of the Light House Bill on which this assertion is founded is in these words As published in the Telegraph. Quot state of Indiana. Three Hundred dollars or making a Survey of the North Western Channel through the rapids of the Ohio River to ascertain the expediency and expense of moving the obstructions to its surely the object of this appropriation is not to make up an Issue Between the canal and the River As is said for if it had been the different channels of the River of which there Are three would have been made subject of Survey not the North West alone but to ascertain whether that Channel now dangerous in consequence of its obstructions could be so far improved As to Render it alike navigable with the Middle or the Kentucky Shute. That this is the object must be apparent to every one and another thing is equally apparent the miserable subterfuge to which a party editor will sometimes resort to deceive and mislead the people. Always having been an advocate for measures rather than men and not being convinced by the Argun cents of he president contained in his message or by the speeches of the South Ern representation that the views of Public policy i had heretofore a hts trained were incorrect i could not feel that the interest of the states would be promoted by his re election. Entertaining these ideas i should have remained silent but for the attitude in which i was placed by being nominated As a jacksonian by the people of Sycamore township As a candidate for Congress at the ensuing election. Respect for them and myself required that i should make known my opinions and not suffer myself to be elected under false colors i prize too highly the privilege of an american citizen to form and express his Opin Ion of Public men and Public measures to relinquish it for any office in the gift of the people. I therefore addressed to n. Schoonmaker Esq. Of sgt Canmore one of the Carn Mittee of said township a letter of which the follow Itig is the substance a Quot sir i deem it a duty i owe to the Friendship of yourself and others in Sycamore township that i should inform Vou that my opinion has changed a is to the propriety of again electing Gen. Jackson to the presidency. Recent occurrences have convinced me he is opposed to the system of internal improvements which has been pursued by the government for the last Twenty years. I have come to this from an attentive Examina in of his message to Congress accompanying his veto on the Maysville find Lexi Wigton Turnpike Road the rejection of this Bill alone would not have convinced me because although i View it As a National object forming part of a great Road leading from the Cumberland Road to Nev Orleans yet others might and do esteem it local not National being Limi Ted in extent to those two places but the whole reasoning of the message shows that Gen. Jackson thinks this Power is not conferred by the Constitution and that an amendment of that instrument is necessary toils exercise. It is a fact Well known to every one conversant with our history that the Southern states Are opposed to the system of internal improvements and that the consent of three fourths of the states to such an amendment cannot be obtained consequently if it is put Poji this it must be wholly Given up. He does indeed say in his message he is sincerely Friendly to the internal improvement of the country by Means of roads and canals and regrets that any difference should exist As to the Mode of contributing to it but when we come to ascertain what that diff Reix e is we find if resolves itself into a want of Power. He does also say again. Quot Bui although i it ight not feel it to be my official duty to interpose the executive veto to the passage of a Bill a prop Laiing Money for the construction of such it Rke As Are authorized by the states and Are National in their character sic. Mark the phraseology Nigil leaving it doubting in such a Case what would be his course. Hid his mind been made up in favor of improvements under a h circumstances he would have said Bui although i do not instead of might not. Take this in connexion with the urgent manner in which he recommend an amendment of the Constitution on this subject and i think you must come to the same conclusion that i have done. If however any doubt should remain As to the correctness of my opinion it is removed by the fact that he retained in his Possession and did not return to the House the Bill making an appropriation to the Louisville and Portland canal a measure that every one must deem a National object in the completion of which the whole Western country is deeply the amount directed to be subscribed was but 100,000 and if granted would not have retarded the payment of the National debt which seems to be the object he is most desirous of accomplishing during his presidency. I do not doubt the sincerity of the president in the opinions be has expressed and my respect for him As a Man who has rendered distinguished services to his country remains but entertaining As i do the opinion that Congress is invested by the Constitution with ample Power to make internal improvements that the promotion of these by the application of the funds of the government without an increase of the National debt is the True policy of the country and of vital importance to the West i am compelled to say i cannot think the interest of the Union will be advanced by his continuance in office beyond the present term. If improvements by roads Atud canals Are stopped the West has no National object that can Occasia in the expenditure of any portion of the Public Revenue in it although it contributes As largely to that Revenue in proportion to its population As any part of the Union. We have much More interest in it than in the Raduc Tion of the Price of the Public lands. The completion of the canal at Louis Ville would save to this City alone something like fifty thousand dollars a year in freight. Freight costs us 62 cents to this place while Toloui Vilh it costs from 40 to 45 cents. Almost the whole of this difference is occasioned by the obstruction at the Falls of Ohio. I have not any person in View whose pretensions to the presidency i feel inclined to support but Hope that the friends of internal improvements and Domestic Industry May find some one in Pennsylvania or elsewhere on whom they can unite. I should not have considered my opinions of sufficient consequence to make the subject of a letter but that the partiality of yourself and other of my friends in Sycamore in putting me in nomination for Congress demands i should inform you and them of my change of opinion As to the propriety of re electing Gen. Jackson. I do not know that the jacksonian of the county will see this matter in the Light i do and i await information from you and them to continue or withdraw myself from the canvass you and they May in reply to the above letter i received from the committee of six appointed to draft an address recommending me to the District amp a. A communication stating they regretted but fell it their duty to inform me their sentiments varied so essentially from mine that they could not conscientiously discharge the duties assigned them As a committee and must withdraw from me their individual support. Although this is not strictly a withdrawal of the nomination it is virtually so and i find Many of the leading pc so Nivans throughout the county still and Here to the resident and have adopted his views. In conformity there fore with the closing sentence olm letter i now withdraw myself fron it the canvass. I Hope however that friends of internal improvements and the Tariff will take up some candidate on whom they can rely for a firm energetic and consistent support of Western interests. The Crit is is alarming in attachment for men we appear to be losing sight of our must important interests. Your fellow citizen july 1830. D. Wade. From the american Spectator. See i Ches of characters. Sketches of character so drawn from the living and the did with notices of other matters. By Ignatius Loyola Robertson l. L. D. A resident of the United state new York Isuyo. Up. 259, 1830. Those sketches appear to be from the hand of gentleman of observation taste Aud latent. The porn friits which lie has Given Are Geum rally we believe Good likenesses and the sentiment which pervades the work is to Nora intellect and heart of the writer the Book vill f Rove not Only interesting but useful. I Hest be is Correct polished and nervous. Many passages Are highly finished and eloquent. Considering the ability displayed in these sketches we regret that they Are not More Luu Nerous and feel Surprise Liat in one or two instances do not occupy the Pla Ces assigned to men hardly entitled to the distinction which they enjoy. We present some Brief extracts from the work with to expression of it sincere Hope that the Public will give to this valuable accession to our literature the patronage which it deserves. We intend giving some further extracts at another time. Or. person of or. Webster is singular and commanding his height is above the Ordinary size but he cannot be called tall he is Broad across the Chest and stoutly and firmly built but there is nothing of clumsiness either in his form or gait. His head is very Large his forehead High with Good shaped temples. He has a Large Black solemn look Iii Eye that exhibits strength and Stead fastness and which sometimes Burns but Seldom sparkles. His hair is of a Raven Black and both thick and Short without the Mark of a Grey hair. His eyebrows Are of the same color thick and strongly marked which gives his features the appearance of sternness but the general expression of his face when properly examined is rather mild and amiable than otherwise. His movements in the House and in the Street Are slow and dignified there is no Peculiar sweetness in his voice its tones Are rather harsh than musical still there is a great variety in them and some of them catch the ear and Chain it Down to the most perfect at Lention. He bears traits of great mental labor but no Marks of age in fact his person is More imposing now in his tarty eighth year than it was at thirty years of age. There Are men who say that or. Wobeter has been Over rated this �8 not True j some of his Over Weening friends have at tires for want of dig cerament spoken of his Ordinary efforts at the bar and other places As wonderful productions comparing them with his highest efforts. The greatest minds Are sometimes common place and Many of his speeches should have passed away As other common place matters have done. It is equally wrong to look at his orations on great occasions for the proudest productions of his intellect. These productions Are Noble compositions powerful discussions on the subject in hand abounding in deep strength pertinent remarks and striking lust rations but they Are not after All the Praise which has been bestowed upon them his most felicitous labors. He cannot lash himself into passion in the closet he requires excitement that he cannot find there he must be roused by some spirit of emulation rivalry or resentment he must be awakened by the cry that the philistines Are upon him before the strength of his Sevea locks Are Felt. It is before a court and jury or in the deliberative Assembly that Tho full extent of his Powers can be understood and even there it depends much on who his opponent May be whether he shall be great or not. Eris manners at the bar and in the deliberative Assembly Are Peculiar he begins to state his Points in a Low voice and in a slow Cool cautious and philosophical manner he goes of hammering out link by link his Chain of argument with ponderous blows and while thus at labor you rather see the sinews of the Arm than the skill of the artist. It is in reply that he comes out in the majesty of intellect al grandeur and lavishes about him the opulence of intellectual wealth it is when tie darts of the enemy have hit him that he is All might and soul it is then that he showers Down words of weight and fire. Hear him Ai d you will say that his eloquence is founded on no Model ancient or modern Liat he never read the work of a master of inst Recti fun All is his Wop expel Henries and defects. His voice has an extra orbit it Ary Compass for he fills the hugest room without great Effort. His emphasis belongs to himself alone it is founded on no Rule a nor fan it he reduced to any of Jie Uil Hall and tie largest room in the capital Are within the Power of his voice and he Speaks in them wifi a Paleni ease. The style of his eloquence is also his own he resembles no american orator we have yet heard he imitates tit in the least the Addiso Nian eloquence of Alexa Tider Hamilton which was the Day Spring in a pure Vernal atmosphere full of health and Beauty Ivor does he labor the sweetness of Fisher Ames whose heart on All great occasions Gre of liquid and he could pour in out like water nor like him could or. W. By the magic Wand of the enchantress make a Paradise and people it with ethereal beings no All the subject of this notice did or could do was to work in a straight Forward course with mortal engines and Slu or himself mighty in Earth air and water but in these his Sway was herculean he had All theele Menis at command and he used them As one of Earth born Mould but Gigantic proportions. He never tries to dazzle confuse or astonish but goes on to convince and conquer by legitimate Means. When he goes out to Battle it is without Squire adde de Camp or Armour bearer although hundreds Are ready to take any part in and about his person. In this conflict he Trusta to no Arm but his he rests Only of the staff of his own Spear. I believe that it can be said of him that he shows none of that vanity in debate which belonged to the very nature of the great father of roman eloquence and was conspicuous in All his acts of a Public nature hut. If he never with him video paires con script in me of minium ova Alque oculus Esse cover sos yet in a his lofty Carriage his haughty brow his swelling uveitis and curled lip you would judge that he had no Small share of that sin a or Nohich Angels fell Quot some of his admirers talk of his wit in Debaie there is often a piquancy and girding retort in his arguments that by some May be Calvd wit but it is not he wit of Sheridan or of any professed wit nor that wit which sparkles out and illumines the subject hinder discussion and seems to he the off Pring of the moment but it is a matter of a Long and previous de Lii ration perhaps of frequent rehearsal. Instead of these pyrotechnics of the War of words Webster s Apee Hes abound in the burning intensity of that heat which so is a Flash of Ligpit a round such As we see prot a Ceedie g from a glowing in Abib of Iron when drawn
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