Page 1 of 21 Apr 1830 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Journal in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana Journal (Newspaper) - April 21, 1830, Indianapolis, Indiana 4 a Indiana vol. , wednesday april 21, 1830. No. 365. Published by Douglass amp Maguire. Terms. Quot two dollars per annul if paid in Advance. Three dollars at the end of the year. Advertisements inserted at the usual term8._ k from the Southern Galaxy of March 18. Dinner to Job. I it at at Natchez. It is perhaps unnecessary to repeat the manner of or. Clay s reception it will be sufficient to say that we re ally do not know How it could be More honorable to the liberality of our citizens. Or. Clay it will be recollected arrived on thursday morning. On that and the succeeding Day he was waited on by most a we might say by All the citizens of the place. The Ball was Given on Friday which in splendor surpassed any thing of the kind Ever witnessed in our City. The dinner was Given on saturday at which about two Hundred and fifty sat Down without the slightest allusion to political differences. Or. Clay was repeatedly interrupted in the course of his speech with Hearty applause but when he gave utterance to the Liberal sentiment towards the president of the uni in which our Mississippi population Ted states the Quot old Mississippi Quot rang were paced during the last War with Tion Laws direct taxation and a standing army in time of peace. To 1807, i again heard him before a crowded multitude espousing the cause of his insulted country when a British vessel bad fired on an american off Norfolk Harbor commonly called the affair of the Chesapeake. He was the decided advocate of the late glorious and necessary War commonly and properly called our second War of Independence. He has Ever been the firm and constant advocate of Domestic Industry and internal improvement and however individuals May differ in opinion As to some of those questions or. Clay must be allowed by All to have invariably sought for the interests and advocated the cause of Bis country the cause of patriotism and it is deeply to be regretted that circumstances have occurred which at the present crisis j deprives the Union of the Aid of his eminent talents on the great and distracting questions Coli Cernig the indians and the Public lands. I will not detain you by re capitulating if i were Able the history of his life Bat before i sit Down i beg leave to remind you of the perilous situation again with cheers loud and Long. Chief Justice Turner presided assisted by Beverly r. Grayson Adam l. Bingaman and William n. Mercer esqrs., vice presidents. Or. Clay was supported on his right by the Hon. Peter Randolph judge of the United states District court. And the Quot old Dominion Quot was never More liberally represented. The festivity of the evening was heightened by a band of music and a number of appropriate songs. Take it Quot All in All Quot a the distinguished guest a the commingling to heretofore discordant parties the Strong demonstrations of liberality the mingled and United applause All rendered it one of the most interesting occasions we Ever witnessed. T we have not been Able to procure a copy of Chancellor Quitman s and dress. Or even the substance of or. Cla it a answer on Board the Caledonia. Many of the sentiments of the evening the entertainment Are also necessarily omitted. Regular toasts. 1. The declaration of Independence the gospel of Liberty written by an inspired a Postle consecrated by her Morters and main tamed by the Faith and practice of her chosen people. 2. The memory of Vas Kinglon his example has proved As useful As his Dpi Vic s. 3. Mams and Jefferson the moral and political Light they have shed on the world will Shine with resplendent Lustre while Liberty endures. 4. The Union the att Iliin of half a Century has but polished the liners of the a a a Olden Chain. 5. The president United slates. 6. The sex presidents of the United Stales the Prosperity of their country attests their worthy Eia ii posterity will Reward them. 7. Internal like the id escape bringing the Remote parts of our Empire into full Mew and adding new stars to the american Constellation. When the above toasts had been drunk the president Rose and said gentlemen before i announce the next Toast i ask your indulgence whilst i introduce a few introductory remarks a it is not every Man of distinguished talents or great personal Merit who finds his Way to the hearts of his fellow men. Human nature requires something More to establish affection and to excite applause. It require in some great and Gio Pous achievement or a Long life of useful Public service to command those High emotions Shewn on occasions like the present. This Hall was once filled by missis air pianos assembled to Honor a private citizen a to testify to David Holmes who now lingers on the bed of Niblic Tion but whom god preserve who had Long been our governor that esteem his Good conduct in Public and his urbanity in private life had excited in the breasts of his fellow citizens. Freemen Delight to Honor their most distinguished benefactors by their spontaneous and immediate Heartfelt effusions by the Meed of their Praise and by Public declarations of their approbation. It is not that the distinguished citizen who sits near me was by birth endowed with the highest gifts of nature a that he Rose from poverty to affluence to Eminence in his profession of the Law that we Honor him but it is because in every situation in which he has been placed be has been the bold and eloquent As by Serter of the rights of Bis country the Champion of the Universal Freedom of Man. In the year 93,1 heard my Honor de Friend then just entering on his Brilliant career of life address an As Quot sem bled Multi tide of 10,000 Kentucky Ansi in up position to the alien a a Sedi great Britain. It is notorious that the Prosperity of Mississippi depends on the certainty of an outlet to the Ocean for our Rich Staple production and a foreign As Well As a Domestic Market. That in 1807-8, Congress Laid a general embargo which having Long continued was followed by acts of non Intercourse and finally by War in 1812. War with great Britain the most powerful european nation mistress of the Ocean. That during All this period our citizens were involved in debt restricted in Commerce our Assembly passed act after act for the Relief of debtors and All in vain a that our population then limited in numbers was surrounded by Savages on land and More barbarous Savages on the sea exposed to the scalping knife on the one hand and to invasion of Conquest on the other. That on enemy released from a Twenty years War in Europe sent her mighty fleets and armies to surround is by simultaneous invasions from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and their journals predicted at one time that the whole United slates were surrounded and made prisoners of Warl a vain and impious prediction we also know that the War raged from North to South with various Success. Disaster followed disaster until september 1813, when Perry s Victory upon the lakes changed on fortunes in the North and Whei Jackson who took the Field in the same year conquered the creeks and gave us Security on our Interior and on our Eastern Borders appeared suddenly in 1814 at new Orleans collected hastily a heterogeneous mass of undisciplined militia to meet the most formidable army Ever sent from great Britain for the express purpose of conquering Louisiana and Mississippi. Fortunately and gloriously he won the Battle of the memorable 8th of january 1815 but did this Victory put an end to the War or save us from further dangers or sacrifices it did not. Although the British army retreated from before new Orleans they took Refuge on Board their Fleet to seek other Points of invasion actually made a descent upon our Borders took to to Ile Point and the adjacent islands and what prevented them with their mighty Fleet for Protection and Supply and their 10,000 veterans from marching to the muscle Shoals a from re kindling the Creek War a and advancing to the Walnut Hills and com Man Diimig the Mississippi River a from laying our infant settlements under contribution and cutting off Jackson s supplies from the upper country and his Retreat and thereby Protr acting the War with All its consequences what my fellow citizens but the heart cheering news of a glorious peace negotiated and concluded at Ghent by Gallatin Bayard Adams Russell and Clay Quot Orleans saved and peace concluded peace signed in the arms of vie the War closed in a Blaze of glory from the North to the South and Pla ced the names of Jackson m comb and a Host of heroes on the one hand and our Able negotiators on the other upon the highest Eminence of Fame we have done Justice to our feelings in celebrating the events of the War and in bestowing Public honors on our distinguished and meritorious countrymen on Many occasions and we have now assembled to testify our gratitude and our esteem towards one of the Able negotiators of the treaty of Ghent that treaty honorable concluded which put an end to the horrors of War stopped the effusion of blood and left our beloved country free Independent secure and honoured among the nations. Gentlemen i announce to you the following Toast 8th. Our distinguished guest the Brm and patriotic statesman the grandeur and usefulness of Bis political views can Only be surpassed by his eloquence and Cai Lity in advocating them. This sentiment had scarcely Esca. Ped the lips of the president when a tremendous cheering burst from every part of the Hall. As soon As the Long and continued applause had subsided or. Clay Rose evidently under much excitement. He addressed the meeting in a speech of about three quarters of an hour in length. We re grail extremely that no copy of it was left for publication. We shall venture however to give a Small portion of the substance of his remarks although to do Justice to his language is entirely out of the question. Or. Clay said when i came a mpg you a private citizen upon private business divested of All claims to distinguished honors to distinguish Public men i expected to be received with the Friendly civilities of a hospitable people with the cordiality which so strongly characterises the people of the South i anticipated nothing More knowing that i had the misfortune to differ with a Large majority of my fellow citizens of this state upon a recent political question that had produced so much excitement so much unfriendly feeling i had no right to expect any thing More. I was indeed entirely unprepared for the enthusiastic applause which has welcomed me to your shores. I find myself surrounded by a numerous concourse of people and that too i am told without relation to the political discern Sions of the past. You Are right gentlemen. Under a government like ours there will always be great and absorbing questions springing up to Divide and excite us. The funding system the embargo the War the Missouri question internal improvements the Tariff Are All questions upon which powerful hostilities have been waged. There ought certainly to be a period when the strife should be forgotten when men who May have differed widely in opinion should come together and renew the Bonds of social life. Yes gentlemen you do Well to sacrifice something to the Spir it of cordiality and Union to Lay aside the political animosities that Divide you and meet and mingle in the enjoyment of social Intercourse. It is Liberal it is magnanimous. It is a source of a mingled gratification to meet you thus. That pleasure is enhanced in discovering among you Many of my oldest personal friends in the highly respected individual whom you have chosen to preside on this occasion i recognise one of my earliest and most valued friends we commen ced the career of life together and though separated by time and distance it adds to the happiness of this scene to be Able to say that the Friendship of Oor Early years remains unabated you have been pleased or. Presi Dent to refer with commendation to my Pool services for the Public we fare to the part i bore in the last War to my Humble exertions in the support of other important measures involving the Dearest interests of the Union. It is True sir i have devoted to my country the better part of Ong life which is now drawing to a close. In All the relations in which i have been placed by the Confidence of my fellow citizens under All the distractions through which i Haye passed it is a source of the highest Consolation to know and to feel that regardless of personal consequences 1 have endeavoured to serve her faithfully. To say that i have sometimes erred is but to acknowledge myself a Man. In relation to what you justly term the second War of our Independence 1 had a Humble Agency in bringing it a bout. I thought the interests of the country demanded it. Insult had been added to insult by a haughty Power it was beyond endurance. I thought with Many others that War a one could wipe out the stain and teach our enemy to year if she would not Mocci us. The object was amply accomplished although the treaty of peace settled no question that induced the War yet that War obtained for us a surer guaranty that our rights would hereafter be respected than the Bonds of a thou Sand treaties. The victories of Perry Hull m comb Brown and a Host of others broke the Charm of British invincibility. The Briliant Success of the american arms before new Orleans directed by Jackson on the Glo rious eighth of january taught a salutary lesson to our foes not soon to be forgotten. And or. President now As on All proper occasions i take pleasure in awarding to that distinguished individual the applause due to his meritorious services. By the Aid of the Sterling valor of american troops he achieved for himself and his country a lasting Fame. All however All did their duty. The state in which now stand contributed a Liberal share the glorious result of the struggle. He state from which i come bled freely on All our frontiers even now while i address you Many of her sons far from Kindred and Home sleep upon the Fields where they nobly fought and bled and died for their country. Or. Clay took a Brief but necessarily general View of the american system to which allusion had been made. I am aware or. President be said that Many of us differ widely yet honestly in opinion upon this subject. I would not Ortrude my opinions unnecessarily upon others yet i Trust i shall be pardoned if i offer one two remarks upon this important measure. When it was first brought Forward in Congress it was urged against it that the country was not prepared for the introduction of manufactures to any great extent that our territory being extensive our soil Fertile stronger inducements were held out by other branches of Industry that labor commanded a higher Price Here than in Europe that great Britain possessed other and decided advantages Over us particularly in the skill of her mechanics and in the perfection to which she had brought her machinery that it must follow of course that her manufactures would be cheaper and better. The expert rence of years said or. C. Has shown the fallacy of these predictions. Not Only have they been proved to be groundless but the argument is now upon the oter Side. American manufactures Are not Only cheaper but they Are better being More durable. The subject or. President appears to me to be summed up in two questions one in relation to Sale the of her to Purchase. How is it in relation to the seller sir i put the simple questions is it not better that he should have two markets than one a Home Market As Well As a foreign Market. Let me confine myself to the Staple of your own state you complain and not without reason a of the present Low Price of Cotton. There is a surplus of the raw material in the foreign Market and the necessary consequence is a depreciation in value. But sir what would be the result if the two Hundred thousand Bales which Are now consumed by the Home manufacturers should be thrown into the foreign Market which is already glutted ? Why sir further and alarming depreciation in Price the consequence would be inevitable. Now sir for the by Era How is it with him bring Forward any article you please that has been affected at All by the Tariff and let us see if the Price has not been reduced since the Tariff of 24? sir i Challenge the investigation. I will refer you to an article which at this moment suggests itself it May be because it touches individual Here or. Clay could not refrain a Mutual smile with a gentleman who at the moment caught his Eye and who for Many years has been or. C s agent in this place for the Sale of Cotton bagging which was the article to which he referred formerly bagging sold at from thirty to forty cents it is now Selling at eighteen cents. But or. President i cannot enter upon the de tails of this measure. I will not detain you longer. Upon this subject i am fully aware that Many Wise and honest men Are radically opposed to me in sentiment. Sir i have not the presumption to hold up my opinion As infallible it May be that l am wrong. But sir said or. Clay after a Long and anxious Observance of the effects of the american system Quot not Only upon the immediate objects of its Ope ration but upon other great branches of our National Industry it is my unshaken opinion it is my Soletti be Lief that it forms one of the great foun Dation stones upon which of one the Independence and Prosperity of our beloved country can rest securely but i beg Pardon or. President for thus wandering into subjects which perhaps have nothing to do with this occasion. I shall trespass no further. I thank you or. President,�?1 thank you my fellow citizens for this unexpected and most Gratifying reception among you and for the flattering sentiments you have been pleased to express in my behalf. Allow me to say in the fullness of my heart that no cohere have i received More hospitality More liberality More Good feeling than at your hands. Be assured that through All the Vicissitudes and changes that a wait me in the remaining period of my life i shall look Back upon this moment with conscious Pride with profound gratitude. Or. Clay then proposed the following sediment the health and Prosperity of the people of the state of Mississippi. 9th. Agriculture and manufactures like the twins a Siam they live and die together. Loth. The a Vavy the chivalry of the Ocean the Pride of the nation the admiration of the world. 11 the. The and Independent they reflect Vith double Lustre the rays imparted by an intelligent bar. 12th. The Jimmy a rallying Point for the militia our surest defence. 13th. The fair they fan the flame of patriotism. In the hearts of heroes and wed us with themselves to All the Virtues. A number of Volunteer toasts were drunk for which we have not room to the editors of the National intelligencer Washington City March 25, 1830. Gentlemen it has never been my wish to oppose the administration of general Jackson nor shall the Sci trility of his Hume and degraded parasites induce me to do so. I nevertheless consider the present As a moment upon which my future personal reputation May essentially depend As Well m private As in Public life and when i review the unparalleled i liberality which is Practised toward me i should do the most flagrant injustice to myself and to others were i to remain silent. So far As relates to the attacks made upon myself individually if i were to notice them i should be compelled to descend to a level with those who have made them. I need Only say that they Are false so far As any matter of either ho7wr or honesty is concerned. Nor do i consider that any Man who is a gentleman Wotila stoop so Low As to interfere with a Man s private affairs to accomplish a political end. The True secret is i have publicly announced myself the Friend of Henry Clay. This As a Freeman i had right to do. But the minions of Power with a View to direct the Public attention from the subject have resorted to every fabrication relative to myself my situation my conduct Public and private and have literally ransacked the vocabulary of detraction to find epithets bitter enough to signify their spleen. To boast of character would be egotistical and unbecoming in any Man but while i admit myself like other men to be imperfect i dread no scrutiny of my conduct through life. The rude and vulgar attack made upon me by the editor of the Telegraph under a hypocritical declaration of great respect for my parents would be passed Over in silence and contempt. If i did not suppose that Low and abandoned As that print is now generally admitted to be it May cause my motives to be misconceived and the step which i have taken to be misunderstood. I had grown up in the belief that patriotism was a virtue and that truth and honesty were always to be honoured and respected. I did not suppose that when men entered into Public life or were selected to serve in the councils of the nation they must thenceforth sacrifice to party All that constitutes a private Worth Quot and All that they have been taught to regard As moral propriety. To approach however my principal design i state that i had been induced to believe from the representations sent abroad and industriously circulated among the people that Gross abuses existed under the late adm stration and that the Public Good required that its extravagance should be checked and its wasteful expenditures arrested with these impression sur honestly and fearlessly commenced what i conceived to be my duty by introducing into the House of representatives the Long discussed resolutions to retrench the expenditures of the government i soon perceived that i had touched a chord the vibrations of which were not altogether harmonious even to those who ranked themselves As my political friends and who though compelled to go with me secretly censured the step As being pre Mauw and absurd. I determined however to persevere in the discharge of what i thought to be a sacred duty which i owed to my country and to push Forward in the course i had taken whatever might be the consequences to myself. To this course i a the More strongly impelled by the consideration

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