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Indianapolis Indiana Free Democrat (Newspaper) - March 2, 1854, Indianapolis, Indiana A a a. A a a a. A i it Jim i. vol Tomb 2. Indianapolis Indiana Thui today March 2, 1854. Number 9. N. A l a a pint of tie Prest. Quot in addition to what we Haye heretofore copied Fromi of Iii Ezo Hanges showing their tone in Rega to the Nebraska iniquity we go Lvi e3 Tracte his week from several others chiefly religious a he to. The St Lowis a a Eer says Quot we hold to iat in Gard to tie territory embraced by the his our Compromise and the territories embraced in the Compromise of-1860, the question Between the slave holding and non slay holding Section is Alstead settled by valid enactments and we . For a biding by a hot settlement de in that Issue will be fairly met. Mere Petti forging about the right of the people to govern themselves will tit satisfy sober minded men that the. I Ourel Compromise should be repealed. I ther territory North of 36 Deg. And 30inin. Was in 1820, solemnly devoted to Freedom and the South received a quid pro quo Viz the admission of Missouri into the Union As a Siire state. There is not the Shadow of an a in reality for the repeal of that Promise. The 3outh have still their Par of the consideration named in. The Bondi we yet with a before Pari de in the annals of american legislation they Isk us to yield everything to the insatiable maw of the Galena 111. Jeffersonian sys Quot the question has not been raised by the fanatical friends of emancipation nor by the it is those who propose to of the. Neou of us. By a. Existing i a a a a existing a no in tray a that a renewing it tin Ltd the. Nation Fil Arena and a Are for discount enhancing that renewal in Confori nity with the pledges of the repro natives of our party in Solem. Co riven Tiomi Baltimore. the organisation. Of Kansas i it and Nebraska ought to May nothing Quot a Lav cry exp pts that All quest bus relating to personal Freedom left top Jthn courts of the territory with Appeal to the Supra me court of United states.? the Western Christian advocate the Organ of the methodist Church in the West six is under the head Quot the obnoxious Nebraska have already Given utterance to our decided opposition to this injurious Bill As perpetrating a great moral wrong not Only in regard to slavery alone but also As it is a breach of Mutual if not constitutional Compromise which All honorable men feel themselves bound to observe. It comes before ourselves As. A moral question and we have no hesitancy in uttering our undisguised Abhorrence to it 4n. All its forms and editions. We Hope All our Good citizens win petition Congress against it hold meet Wiigs deliver acl dresses and pass resolutions condemnatory of the entire it scheme we have barely space to say this much now bit we Trust a word to the Wise and Good will be sufficient. The South have already Fot All they asked and now the Northern Oug faces seem deter nine to Quot Force on them All they reserved for the in Selvy a. Quot the Nebraska Bill still agitates the country. Meetings Are held denouncing it in very Strong the principal cities. Still it has Many supporters from the party pal Tichau Side who seem purposed to Rush it through with All Speed. There is a Manifest want of moral principle enlisted for the Bill and much of moral Power of the country is against it. Whatever Way it May turn As to its outward form the almighty has always counteracted the Steps taken to oppress Mankind. The god that led the israelite a out. Of Egypt still holds the reins in his the Gennan Bress is opposed to the Bill. The new York evening Post has the following on this Point. F the Philadelphia demo Krai an out and out Hunker paper which fills about the same position in Philadelphia that the Staats Zeitung does in new York Speaks out loudly in condemnation of the Nebraska Bill. Never it says was an exciting measure introduced into Congress under circumstances which so Little warranted it As in the Case of this Bill of senator Douglas. The largest portion of the american people turn away with discus Al and contempt from. This intrigue of an ambitious Man who aspires to the presidency. A Large portion or the Amerie a press condemn the motives which Are at the Bottwin of this measure blame the Bill itself and lament in particular the renewal of the slavery agitation which it must Call Forth. It is very remarkable on the other. , that the German press of every political Shade unite like one Man a inst this uncalled for measure with the single exception of or. Neirmann of the my Wyker Staats Zei Tuff there is in a Llin is a Hunker journal called the Dpi Kra Tische Presse which hitherto has been a warm supporter of Doii Gla but. The Swallow the Nebraska Bill. It says in its number of february 9 the democrats of Illinois will never allow themselves to be driven from the defence of the clause it which Piro Teets. The North from slave by the influence of great names a or an Appeal to party i Sipline our voice it adds As a Hall never be silent against this attempt to overthrow the Missouri Compromise. We have carefully considered the question in All its bearings and this is our Well grounded opinion and our unalterable determination we will quote one More extract from a paper published in a slave state Kentucky a the Louisville Anzer. This journal pretends to recognize in the Nebraska Bill the impression invade upon senator Douglas by the Friendly hand she Kirg of the Elmer or of Russia and continues thus Douglas a who already sees himself in the White houses carries shamelessness in manufacturing political capital so far that he Tram Ples a a Der if of Compromise that is to say Justice and right. We have not yet heard tie outcry of the nation against Hiis try a san although Here and there Public a meetings have expressed their just indignation and Sharp sighted politicians have seen in this repeal of the Missouri cd pro Inist the repeal of the slave 1860, and a deadly blow to the. South. Nevertheless the Nebraska Bill is an immense Advance of the Republic backwards it extends itself far beyond the present state of things. Slavery is now Tol Erater he i certain states Only until time and a.jiv�8�?.�ppi a Ciati a shall put an end to it. I a Al now pal an institution of , but this Bill Aims to make it an institution of state to put it under the Protection of the people and. To give the finishing touch to the pro Pofi Derance of the slave states. That such can be imposed upon the american people is the clearest proof that the a Kay strayed from the principles which the Power and their history should have fixed for. Them. Truly Manifest dignity is a hiring a ii Wand Diflo rent meaning Jim socratic pres ii. The Organ pm democrats with whom Freedom is not an impulse but a principle. The latter certainly were cont it to abide the settlement of 1860�?they had no fire Brand to throw into the democratic campy they bore no incendiary Torch by which to Light sectional Rife. The bitter blow com finn another source from one who has Ever dec Lainard against agitation and who has grown into political importance from the supposed sincerity of his utterances a from an Illinois senator. Thanik heaven he has a free con Stift ency and when with a charlatan ism As thin As it is contemptible he charges them with abolitionism or in his own classic language Quot Nigger ism Quot he will find that they Are Able and willing to repel that taunt. Upon him rests a Burden not easily shaken the Chris Tum advocate and journal published in new York City the principal Organ of the Northern methodists has been deemed one of the most conservative religious journals of the country and has stood firm for the so called Compromise of 1860 and the fugitive slave Law but it strongly opposes the Nebraska Bill and thus warns politicians of the effect of repeal Quot we Are aware that leading politicians even of the North doubt the general anti slavery feeling of the people of the non sly beholding states. Hitherto the expression of this feeling is been suppressed in a great degree lest it should encourage the violent measures of the us traits and also by the influence of political party interests which demanded the sacrifice. But when there is nothing to Hope there is nothing to fear. It was universally believed that the Missouri Compromise was Safe in the hands of either of tie great parties into which the people of this country Are divided. When tie people of the free states shall find themselves deceived and betrayed there will come a disruption of the old party organizations and new associations will be formed having for a common object Protection against slavery propagandist. A necessary Conse Quience of violating the Missouri Compromise will be an Effort which cannot Long be resisted to repeal the fugitive slave Law and to carry out the principles of the Wilmot Faity Quot Fen Tiffalo Trinu Iii Tion will resist while there remains a Hope of the loaves and fishes but they will wheel into one Ai soon As it is found that a change of tactics offers surer Way to get office. Let the Nebraska Bill pass and we predict that no one now living will see another slave holding state South or North of the Compromise line admitted into the Union or another territorial government organized without a stringent provision for the exclusion of slavery. We predict too that the fugitive slave Law will be ultimately repealed after a struggle which will shake the confederacy of these United states from Centre to of Doti s own friends in Illinois speaking a vibe Calls of a meeting to sustain or. Douglas says glad this meeting is to be held a amp a Iidle tie to National question inv la shake off the dus it is now known that every member of the Indiana delegation in the House of representatives will oppose the infamous scheme of or. Douglas to extend slavery Over territory now free save and except one Miller summed Smith in a the pocket. Senator Bright we have reason to believe will 3ort this or any other measure for sex ing despotism of any description. What a time the organists of the state Sentinel will have of Quot shaking off Quot the dust Quot if the democracy should happen to take their advice and whistle Down the wind nine of the ten democratic members in the House and senator Pettit a crack won t there be Clouds of dust enough la to stifle and choke the younger organist politically the older. Brown can stand anything. It will be an awful Dusty time certain. Should this nefarious scheme of Douglas and Bright aided by one Miller surname Smith and by Brown and the our Bright papers succeed the aspect of things politically will be like that described by the poet Byron when he dreamed the Quot Sun had been extinguished Quot and the. World avid All living things had been destroyed. I Lagine the lean cadaverous Lank Brown the state organist and the Birly red faced Brights the last remnant of the great democratic party meeting As the last of the democracy Quot but of an enormous crowd two did survive and they were enemies they met beside the dying embers of an altar place where had been heaped a mass of holy things for an unholy usage they raked up and shivering and scraped with their cold Skeleton hands the feeble ashes and their feeble breath blew for a Little life and made a flame which was a mockery then they lifted up their eyes As it grew lighter and beheld each others aspects saw and shrieked and died a Ven of their Mutual hideous Ness they died Quot such will be the political Fate of the advocates of this abominable Bill. Brown and Bright Are enemies unless there is some horrid wickedness to be perpetrated. During the canvass for president and governor in 1862, in the award of the offices in the election of a u. S. Senator to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Whitcomb they were enemies from the time the party wa6 Tobe whipped into the support of the Compromise measures of 1860 which no one in Indiana but Bright and Brown seem to have supposed superseded the Compromise of 1820, to the consummation of that piece of villainy they were friends from that time to the introduction of Douglas s rascally scheme into the Senate they have been enemies since introduction they Piave acted together. We said on saturday that the younger organist and his friends would have abundant Cavise to rejoice in Quot his caution Quot As shown in his averment that he would not lose Confidence in the people 6f or. Mace s District if they should not take his advice to shake the Clust off their shoes Quot we have not a doubt but that he will be As generously did Pps a towards the voters of the other directs however if our fiend we Are proud of his Friendship though we Haye differed heretofore and do differ now politically Torbet will allow us to advise would say to him As the boy in by Ashington City said to or. Clay when he had the Goat by the horns in Pennsylvania Avenue. Or. Clay had taken a Goat by the horns and was afraid to let go lest he should be knocked Over by the animal while holding on was very difficult if not impossible. In this extremity he asked the advice of one of a group of Spinall boys standing near the course be should pursue. Quot Why Quot said the Urchin Quot Don t you know what to do. Why just let go and run like democratic courier. A a Mem a rpt. Quot give us this Day our daily where in fiction is anything More strange than this fact related in the musical world by r. Storrs Willis ? the following strange incident happened while i was living in Germany in the neighbourhood of Vienna there dwelt a Young peasant woman who supported herself by the cultivation of vegetables which she disposed of in the Vienna markets she inhabited a Small House attached to which was her vegetable Garden. Young As she was she had been married but her husband had died leaving her a Little girl who was now just old enough to run about and play with the other children in the neighbourhood. The Mother was still handsome and desirous of a second marriage. About this time indeed there was visiting her a Young Man for whom she had conceived an affection and whose proposition of marriage she was now begin ing impatiently to await. But no proposal was made. A dark thought finally crossed the Young woman s mind that there must be some obstacle in the Way and that this obstacle was in All probability the child. An unnatural struggle of jealousy took place which resulted in a fearful determination to do away with the child beneath her House was a deep cellar where she occasionally stored her vegetables. Taking her child by the hand one Day she led it Down stairs and thrusting it inside closed the door locked it and hurried up stairs. The same evening her Lover came they sat chatting together but no mention was made of tiie Little Absentee. The next Day after a desertion of Twenty four hours the Mother went softly Down and listened at the door. The Quick ear of the child caught her Mother s step and she implored her to take her out of that dark place she was so cold and very hungry. No answer was returned and the Mother crept quietly up stairs. In the evening her Lover came again. They took supper together and passed a social evening. After the second Twenty four hours had passed the Mother made another visit to the child. Again the Little sufferer heard her and with feeble voice begged for a crust of bread one crust of bread. This pulled a Little upon the Mother s heart but her purpose was fixed. Another Day passed. The Mother went quietly Down stairs and listened. All was silent. She opened softly the door a the child Lay dead. Taking swiftly the body up stairs she Laid it upon a bed and immediately making a great outcry called the neighbors together telling them that her child had suddenly died. And so it seemed. The Day after there was a funeral. The child was lying in its coffin be strewn with Flowers brought by its Little playmates in the neighbourhood who had come to attend the funeral of their lost favorite. The procession moved towards the quiet Gottes Acker god s acre where was to be planted this Little seed of an immortal Flower. A Clergyman was in attendance. The Mother stood looking Down upon the grave Over which the holy Man was repeating with solemn voice Quot our father which Art in heaven hallowed be thy name thy kingdom come thy will be done on Earth As it is in heaven. Give us this Day our daily bread a Quot a piercing shriek and the Mother fell with a groan to the Earth. Looking wildly around her she then in gibbering accents related to the shuddering throng at the grave the very deed her own hands had committed. She lived not Long after. Crazed and smitten by the hand of god she miserably died a signal instance of retribution and a startling lesson upon the words Quot give us this Day our daily facts for the Quot Southern Organ Quot new Orleans contains the following which is worthy of Universal perusal during the last year there was expended something near $30,000,000 for intoxicating drinks in this state $20,000,000 of this was expended in new Orleans alone. There were made about 16,000 arrests directly and indirectly for drunkenness in the City and state. About 300 deaths by delirium Kremens about 76 murders besides a Host of other crimes. Over 1,000 have been reduced to vagrancy and pauperism. The resources of the state have been crippled thousands have been kept out of employment society at Large has been seriously deeply damaged in All its relations the health and energies of some of our Best citizens have been destroyed and ruined in life. All this has been done and More and yet we have men who Tell us that Quot the rum seller is As innocent As a in View of this dark picture we ask what better right have rum Sellers to run at Large than a mad dog they do a thousand times More damage and cause their victims to die As horrible a death. We have a vast Deal of sympathy expended in their behalf and men who Call themselves Good citizens and patriots and Forsooth philanthropists Are very much alarmed indeed for fear the people in their Sovereign might will put a Stop to this Black and bloody business by a few simple Legal enactments which will prevent these human slaughterhouses from the further work of death. We shrewdly suspect the people intend to do this thing and therefore if you have tears to shed prepare to shed them soon .-exchange._. Few. Things Are necessary for the wants of this life but it trikes an infinite number to satisfy the demands of . For the Indiana free agitation. Friend Vaile it is usual for children when imposed upon to make known their grievances to some one to whom they Are accustomed to look for countenance or Protection. And it has been said that men Are Only children of a larger growth. Wel As Davy Crocket would have it Quot my feeling is Hurt Quot and i feel like making a complaint to some one and to whom Puld i better make it than through he free Democrat to the free democracy of the country the cause of Universal Freedom to All Mankind is one that is Ever dear to my heart and the right of petition i hold to be a sacred right. Well in View of the present struggle in Congress against the Nebraska Bill we held it to be not Only our right but a duty to petition against the passage of that nefarious Bill. But while exercising this right i came in Contact with an obstinate whig who not Only said that he Woi ild never sign any such petition but he Seq ured the free stiletto Al very severe ten it alleging that they were the cause of All the present difficulty and excitement that the whigs and democrats had adopted platforms by which they were pledged not to agitate this vexed question any Inore but that m had utterly disregarded those pledges and were going on rampant with the agitation of the question of slavery. Now had these things been uttered by some men i should have thought it nothing Worth but As they came from a prominent whig and a member of one of our most anti slavery churches it was deeply wounding to my feelings. Are we then to turn our backs upon the son of god and Render willing obedience to the pledges of two old slavery Ridden parties whose highest ambition seems to be to vie with each other in Low servility to the slave Power Are there no higher obligations resting upon us than to Render obedience to the wicked enactments of men for i hold that every act of Man that is contrary to the Law of god is wicked and of no Force in regulating the duties of men. J whenever a legislative body or even a political party can absolve us from any obligation to god then and not till then will it by our duty to obey them. Any Man or set of men who will attempt to Stop the Mouths of the people from raising their voices against any evil and especially so glaring an evil As american slavery is certainly More deserving of contempt than of respect or obedience. But do the whigs and democrats of the free states Sanction those platforms Are they governed by them on this question of slavery i Trow not. Nay i rejoice that very Many both whigs and democrats utterly discard those platforms Yea have leaped from them on to the solid plat from of Liberty and Are now rallying around the Standard of truth. And How Many of those who still adhere to the old parties Are willing to endorse the sentiments of this devoted whig whose path,.i have happened to Cross when a citizen of free state not Only refuses to lift his Voia inst the Extension of slavery in free but censures others for Doin so we May very justly Call in question both his philanthropy and patriotism. But to charge the present agitation of the slavery question upon free spoilers is mean As it is unjust., the slave Power is Ever seeking to make encroachments upon the rights of Freedom and no sooner do the friends of equal rights resist than a Hue and cry is raised about the agitation of Sla very were we to sit quietly still and permit slavery to overrun the whole country and subvert our free institutions and not raise a voice against it Why i suppose it would be very agreeable to certain old fogies especially if their party ends were answered by it. Let democrats rage and whigs imagine a vain thing the agitation of the slavery question must continue until slavery is rolled away out of our unhappy country. Whenever we meet with an old partisan so sadly defective on the great question of human rights let us rally to the Rescue and when we meet with a pretended Friend of Freedom who will swerve from the right or be intimidated by the threats of old fogies let us drive him at once into the ranks of Liberty. Now let democrats suppress As they May and whigs deprecate As they will the agitation of slavery for one i will not cease to cry against it so Long As there is one human being in the Earth under its Iron Yoke. Richard Mendenhall. Plainfield ind., 2d to. 29,1864. For the Indiana free teachers association. Or. Editor a having been an attentive Reader of the Democrat for some months past i noticed an article in one of the december numbers written by Northern giving an account of the Rise and Progress of the Northern Indiana teachers association closing with a brie outline of their Constitution and by Laws. This article was read with much interest by Many teachers and friends of education in this part of the state. Montgomery county such was the interest manifested by Many practical teachers of the county that several articles soon appeared in the locomotive and Montgomery journal stating the object and importance of establish log a teachers association in this county. The consequence of these articles was a meeting of the teachers was appointed and advertised in the Public journals to meet in Youngsville on the 21st of january 1854. Pursuant to this notice a respectable number of energetic teachers mostly from the Western part of the county assembled in Good season at the appointed time and lace whereupon they partially organized y electing a president Secretary and ther officers pro tem. For the transacting of business during the Day. After some very warm hearted and eloquent addresses were heard on the subject and various other business transacted a committee of three members was appointed to draft a Constitution and bylaws for the Mutual Harmony and Good government of the society directed to report at the next meeting. It was then unanimously resolved to hold the next session at the same place on saturday the 18th of february. James h. Mccollough and Joseph a. Gilkey were then appointed As a committee to procure the Aid of the faculty at Wabash College to assist in the More permanent organization of the association. Prof. Mills and prof. Campbell were readily procured being much pleased with the idea they offered us All the assistance in their Power. A general invitation was Given to All practical teachers sex teachers and friends of the Good cause of education to be in attendance on the 18th. The appointed time having arrived a More respectable number of eminent teachers and others presented themselves to Aid in the promotion of this glorious object and among whom were messes. Mills and Campbell fresh and vigorous ready and willing to do All in their Power with their much needed advice and experience. The meeting was then called to order by the president pro tem., and much important business transacted during the Day among which the Constitution Ana by Laws were called for read and adopted with a few corrections and amendments. I do not deem it necessary to give you a copy of the Constitution from the fact that it is formed after the plan of All others of a similar character. Its Nanie is the Quot Montgomery teachers permanent officers were Elk a of a a and according to the Constitution each officer holds his office for a term of six months. The officers chosen were As follows president prof. Caleb Mills of Wabash College vice president Francis m. Black of Alamo Secretary Joseph a. Gilkey of Crawfordsville treasurer James h. Mccollough of Crawfordsville. William my key of Youngsville John w. Copner and Francis Hammel of Alamo were chosen managers. During the afternoon session. Prof. Mills delivered a most animating and soul cheering lecture on Quot american his illustrations were most vividly drawn his reasoning combined with his usual eloquence was impregnable and in our opinion sunk deep in the heart of very member present. He clearly defined the True position of the educator and most forcibly and conclusively pointed out the great object of american education. His discourse throughout was grand Noble and towering abounding with the richest and most glowing sentiments. After or. Mills had concluded his remarks speakers were then appointed to deliver addresses on various educational subjects during the next session of the association which will be held at Alamo on the 7th and 8th of april 1854. Or. Mills on taking the chair will deliver the opening address during the Forenoon session of the first Day. Or. Black will deliver an essay on Reading during the afternoon session and or. Mills again at Candle lighting on Quot common school the Public generally Are earnestly invited to hear him. The Forenoon session of the 2d Day will consist of lectures on the subject of arithmetic. One by or. Gilkey on written arithmetic and the other by or. Mccollough on mental arithmetic. A Public address will also be delivered by prof. Campbell Between the hours of eleven and one o clock. The people Are expected to be present at that time. The afternoon session will be taken up with miscellaneous business criticisms and discussions on the various lectures and essays will be in order from time to time during the whole meeting. It would perhaps not be out of place to say that we intend holding our sessions quarterly dating our first from the 7th and 8th of april next. We solicit the co operation of All institutions of the kind in the state and As our Constitution binds us to correspond with All other similar associations we wish the secretaries of such to make themselves known through the columns of the Democrat. The Public journals of the state Friendly to the glorious cause of education and Reform will Confer a favor by copying the foregoing or giving Sie notice of the association editorially. Joseph a. Gilkey Sec y. Crawfordsville feb. 20, 1854.Toledo and Indianapolis railway. We publish to Day the proceedings of the first meeting of this new company lately organized under the general Law of the state. The Ohio portion of the line from a Point near new Corydon of Toledo is already organized and acting most efficiently and in co operation with this Board. The Road is intended to Complete a direct line of railway from our City to the nearest Point of shipment on Lake Erie about 186 Miles Distant and to afford for freight especially the shortest and easiest route to water Carriage. The intention is to connect if possible with the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine bail Road from this place to Muncie 54 Miles and from thence to go directly toward Toledo striking and connecting with one of the Railroad lines of which there Are at least two in Ohio making out from Toledo in this direction. The new Road is to be made of the same Guage As the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine. And to continue that Guage to the Lake without transhipment. It is believed that the new Road to be made by the Ohio and Indiana companies need not exceed 75 Miles in length probably less. Arrangements we understand Are already making to extend the Knightstown Railroad from its present terminus at Hightstown through new Castie to Muncie and there connect with this new line. Such an Extension will afford to Madison and Louisville probably As Short and advantageous a route to Lake Erie As can be had. All these things considered the Toledo and Indiana Dolis railway must evidently be a very important line to our City and to the country and its connections Here with the Luth Westem railway of which in fact it is a Northern Extension thus forming a direct line from Lake Erie to Vincennes and the Mouth of the Ohio and in the Way to new Orleans As Well As to St. Louis would seem to place the question of its value and its Success beyond All do Tibt. As such a line we commend it to the attention of the people and we Are satisfied that the affairs of both of these roads Are in the hands.,of men who will administer them Well and faithfully and who will build them As economically As journal. An irishman who was once on a journey said he never liked to see tables full of Hooks and newspapers where he stopped overnight Quot for Quot said he Quot i can never find any Totsky at such places Quot a a shrewd inference. The fellow whose attention was riveted has again burst Parker on the Kebr Aika question. Theodore Parker made a powerful speech on the Nebraska question. The Cincinnati Gazette makes the following extract now if the South carries the Nebraska Bill will that be the end of it not at All. A Lite while ago we were told that the Union was in danger and men cried Quot save the i thought then it would not be Long As that game turned out before the Union would again be in danger and we should have other volunteers to save it. Did not think it would come before 1855. I was however a Little mistaken in this calculation As it came in 1854. Now suppose the Nebraska Bill is carried the next step i think will be for Congress to pass a Law providing that a slave owner can take his slave into any free state and keep him there six months or perhaps a year or perhaps seven years. The next thing will be to provide that he May take his slave and keep him there As Long As he likes. Will the North say no i am not sure of to gentlemen. The in being sure that tie Norl troll say Quot no Quot any More than it did in 1x88, 1792, 1803, 1845, 1847, 1848, and 1850. I am by no Means sure of it. Now suppose that Point is gained the next thing will be to repeal the ordinance of 87. It will be declared inoperative. Then the South will insist upon California being a slave state. They will then want new territory and Mexico Cuba Hayti Porto Rico and the British West indies will be slave states. Do the North see it ? i am not sure of that. Then the next Point will be to restore the slave Trade. I know exactly that the argument which will be Given if the democratic party is in Power and the administration favors the measure is that free Trade will require the slave Trade. Then i know the arguments which reverend clergymen will Advance. They manufacture arguments i do not mean to say ministers of Christ. God forbid for they do no such thing. I mean to say ministers of Commerce will do it and we shall hear the cry raised from the pulpits i will import my Mother father or brother to save the Union. The like has been already said from our pulpits and by professors in our colleges. Will Quot the North say Quot no we will not abolish the slave Trade Quot if the whig party Are in Power it will be necessary to restore the slave Trade in order to protect our manufactures and compete with foreign nations. I do not know of any depth of wickedness too Low and too deep for Northern politicians to dive into and stay under not one. Laughter and applause i am very sorry to say these things for i am a Massachusetts Man myself. I am a Northern Man and i am proud of her past history before the revolution. I take Pride and pleasure in her glorious churches which once rang with the glorious liberties of the children of god. I Felt ashamed the first time that i Ever spoke in , and said who am i o lord that i should have the privilege of standing in the Cradle of Liberty and lifting my voice in this Hall which has rung with the Echo of Fobe Voisey of great Quot and Noble men. Cheers i say let us resist this Nebraska measure with Alf our might not merely by passing resolutions but by carrying out the proposition. I am not a political Man but i Sug gent that a town meeting shall be solemnly called in every town of the Commonwealth then a District meeting shall be called in Weverjr congressional District in the Commonwealth and All men asked to come together without distinction of party and then that a great mass meeting be held Here a no not Here in Boston but held in the town of Worcester in the heart of the Commonwealth a held in a City that has never kidnapped a Many applause a held in a town the court House of which has never been girded with chains and the state judges crawling under them. Loud cheers hold the meeting in the town of Worcester and discuss the question and if the Bill pass Call a convention of All the free persons in the free states and pledge ourselves to repeal the Nebraska measure next to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia next to abolish it in Utah and new Mexico and wherever it exists under Federal jurisdiction next to repeal the fugitive slave Law and All the so called Compromise of slavery and lastly go to work and tear that hated Leaf out of the Constitution of the United states. Loud cheers gentlemen i am no madman. I am a Cool Calm Man who has studied the facts of our nation s history and know them Well. I have studied the ideas which were the programme of principles in the revolution and which were the programme of purpose in the formation of the Constitution and it is to these great truths there embodied and written by god in the hearts of men that i Call your attention and i ask you to swear allegiance by your wives and your children by the Bones of your mothers that Are under ground and by the soul of the almighty god whose higher Law rules Earth and sea and sky and thine and eternity. Loud cheers Well if we Are beaten on the Nebra a Neasure and on the other measures let us Retreat with our Falt in to the foe never flinching losing everything but our Honor. Let us fight the Battle from line to line from state to state until we Are driven Back to old Massachusetts. Then let us fight it from town to town until at last we Are driven Back to the old Rock of Plymouth and there with the soul of our fathers still in us taught by the experience of a Hundred years and Rich with the Promise of All eternity in our bosoms let us gather together the last shreds of the sacred Mayflower build our ship take on Board what is left of Puritan integrity and Republican virtue launch our bark upon the Waves a go to Greenland or to Africa found institutions and secure the glorious Liberty of the children of god. Loud cheers Udero bound Railroad the night connections on the underground Railroad Between this City and Canada Are made by any of the Small boats along the wharves to which the passengers like a fancy. On Friday night the second Cutter of the Revenue Schooner Ingham was taken from its Winter moorings by some half dozen Sable Southern gents who arrived by the above Road and who were so anxious to get into her majesty s dominions that they never said Quot by your leave the boat has been free press. From the Iraq Oil of �s9 Hight Quot it is right to speak plainly the chances Are that the Missouri Compromise win be repealed. Twelve men in the Senate. Elgar i sighted firm courageous United aet a gift a i method could either defeat the project of. Repeal in that body or damage it so much As to secure its defeat in the House. They could propose amendments calculated to bring oat the True nature of the scheme its be Annas the motives which originated it and the con sequences to which it May Lead and then by a Yea and nay vote compel its supporters to reveal their real views Anapu oses to the country. They could turn the tables upon the schemers and As they have re opened the issues of 1850, compel them to re Cord their votes in propositions to la peal the Abo Minabe a fugitive Law and. To Al lbs slavery in the District of Columbia. They could delay the Breasure Long end ugh to allow the people time enough to pass Jud ent upon it and instruct their representative relation to it. But twelve such men in the Senate Are not to founds Al. R the democratic senators from the firm states generally under the influence of tej administration or committed to the support of presidential aspirants whose interests air involved in the measure and moreover habituated to submission to the slave inter a est Are either conniving at or actually supporting the Bill. The whig members Froidl the North generally although unfriendly to it Are Irit Hout Wisdom in counsel Unity m action or firmness in purpose. Quot there Are a few Noble exceptions on both sides of the chamber and these with the two free soil or Independent democratic senator constitute the Only working Force against the scheme. Some democratic senators who voted in 1848, 49, 50, to exclude slavery from the territory acquired from Mexico now go for a Bill which proposes to open All our territories to slavery and they represent too constituencies signalized two years ago by Devotion to the Wilmot proviso. One senator instructed by the legislature of his state to oppose the Bill declines to do so and we have heard intends to vote for it moved we suppose by profound respect for the principle of popular self government As to the South let no one expect miracles. Whatever May be individual inclination the necessities of the slave holding caste will overrule it. The individual members of an oligarchy or an aristocracy or a caste Are themselves bound by the will of the whole and their will is the result of the aggregate ambitions and necessities of All. The slaveholder is himself the slave of the slave Power. Or. Badger it is said is opposed to the Bill and messes. Houston and Bell it is rumoured Are willing to see it Defeated but they All voted against the motion of or. Chase to strike out the false averment in the 14th Section although they did not believe it thus encouraging the caucus arrangement by which motions to Amend whatever their character emanating from the opponents of the measure Are to be voted Down. Mr>9�ston 11 Obj use Lufi ill Proba. Bly Foi the ostensible reason ,. Erate unfavourably upon the interests of the indians. His hostility to the Central route for the Pacific Railroad the prospector which May be improved by the organization of Nebraska May have More to do with his course and we have no doubt he is quite willing that the North should feel obliged to him for the fact of his opposition whatever May be the real motive. Were the North True to itself at this crisis it would find honorable men in the South coming out openly against the repeal of the Compromise of 1820. Its own disloyalty Les such men no ground to stand upon. To Southern senators were conversing a few Days ago on this scheme. Both agreed that it was wrong but one was particularly anxious to persuade the other to take open. Ground in the Senate with him against it. At last the senator appealed to exclaimed Quot sir where is your North f this scheme is proposed by a committee of which the majority Are Northern men advocated by its chairman a Northern Many urged by the president a Northern Man. If we oppose it where is the North to sustain us and a we know that in the South we shall be Aye and let the question cause the Cheek of every Northern Man to Tingle with shame a we repeat Quot where is your North in relation to the House there May be More ground for encouragement but As at present advised we cannot Rety upon it. The tacticians of the Senate have adroitly stricken from the Bill the portion providing for appropriations so that should it reach the House it May be necessary to refer it to the committee of the whole on the state of the Union. The floor May be Given to a daring manager and the screw of the previous question be at once applied. It was rumoured at one time that the democratic members from Ohio and also from new York had agreed to oppose the scheme. Whether this were True or not we do not believe that at present they have any common understanding. Quot give us the Bill of last session Quot said one to a democratic it member from Ohio a Wilmot proviso Man in 1848 and 1850. Quot of course Quot was the answer Quot that would suit me but i am not prepared to say that i will not go for a different Bill Quot Quot How Many of the soft can be depended upon Quot was a question put to a new York member. Thru certainly but a for the rest Quot one of them was heard to remark that Quot he knew it would be political death for him to vote for repeal Bat he had made up his mind and would go it looking beyond Congress what do we see democratic editors two years ago flaming in their denunciations of slavery now either dumb or sneering it the abolition confederates Quot for trying to frighten the people with scarecrows. Of executive patronage is almighty with men of a certain character. One of these was bought with an of Bce valued at 92,000 a year an other for one esteemed at 91,600. The Frice of these slaves ranges from two Hun red and fifty dollars up to Twenty five Hundred and from a mail Agency to a foreign Mission. S e write with mingled feelings of bitterness and shame. Would to god there was no reason for it men of the so called free states behold the fruit of Yourno agitation your peace and Harmony your Healing a i promises and your Baltimore Finali ties ii i a Lii Iii

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