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Indianapolis Indiana Free Democrat (Newspaper) - July 28, 1853, Indianapolis, Indiana Intje mss Ray. B. To pics eds Ioc did proprietor. Indianapolis thursday july 28, 1855. Outing Toni proceeding. We made mention two or three weeks since that the United states marshal John l. Robinson Hadi permitted Ellington the claimant of Freeman to visit Freeman in jail and to examine him in inference to Marks Upan his person. This indignity was repeated last tuesday and in a manner still More outrageous., on monday last Ellington returned to this City bringing with him three men to identify Freeman his slave. Freeman counsel received notice that he would be taken into the presence of these Soen on tuesday morning to see if they could identify him. Accordingly on tuesday morning Freeman was taken from jail by the Deputy Marsial to another room into the pres Jice of Ellington men. They not being satisfied it seems from the countenance and general appearance of Freeman that he was Ellington slave or. List ii one of claimant counsel ordered him very author trively to Piru tip his breeches Quot that they might examine his legs. Counsel for Freeman told Hirisi not to do so. Or. L. Insisted they opposed. At the instance or. L. The Deputy marshal very peremptorily ordered Freeman to expose his limbs. Counsel again directed him not to do it. Or. Liston insisted that the do Utji. Should enforce the order in had a perfect right so to do. The opposite counsel replies a that he or. A or the Deputy could do it Quot if they chosen they should use no Force to prevent them nor would Freeman himself offer resistance if they chose to do it but he should not take oif his clothes himself to submit to such an examination if however they chose to do it they did it at their peril. They should be held respond Ible. The Deputy very prudently declined stating that he did not believe he had a right to employ Force to make Freeman expose his person. Or. Liston then directed that Freeman be taken Back to jail and said that he would Telegraph the marshal and see if he could have an examination under aim. The counsel for Freeman demanded that if the marshal came and any examination was to be had that they should receive notice that they might be present. The marshal was telegraphed and made his appearance in the afternoon. After he had been closeted for some time with or. Liston or. Ketcham succeeded in obtaining an interview with him. He asked a matter of i it Fht that Freeman counsel should be allowed to be present at any examination that might be the marshal replied that if they would not interfere with the examination if they would not direct their client to refuse to strip himself they Cou id be present otherwise not. This condition of course was not accepted but a written protest was handed the marshal against any examination of Freeman which should require him to take oif Liis clothes and expose his person and a written demand if any examination should be had that his Freeman counsel should be notified and allowed to be present. This was unheeded the examination took place Freeman wis required to strip he protesting against their examining him in the absence of his counsel his Back legs and other portions of his person were examined for Marks by which to recognize him and it reported that the witnesses Are now prepared to swear that Freeman Ellington slave. Reader what think you of such proceedings could you conceive that such an outrage could be committed under the direction of a civil officer in the Quot High noon of the nineteenth Century Quot and in a country boasting of its. Civilization christianity and resin cent theren citizen of Indianapolis a there a citizen of the country whose blood does not boil at the perpetration of such indignities had such a scene transpired in Austria what indignation should we All feel and express Arhat curses and imprecations we should Heap upon the infamous Heynau guilty of such an act but the Heynau marshal who perpetrates such a deed in the highly intelligent civilized refined and Christian City of Indianapolis shall we not All sing paeans of glory to him ? shall not christians assemble in their respective churches and Render devout thanks to almighty god that marshal John l. Robinson by stripping of his clothing a respectable citizen of Indianapolis in his custody or causing it to be done and exposing his nakedness has saved the Union but has the marshal the least authority for such a disgraceful proceeding infamous the fugitive slave Law a does it require any such duty of him does he not perform his whole duty under that Law when he keeps securely the alleged fugitive does that Law require him to shut out from his heart All sympathy for Freedom and to possible facility for kidnapping throughout this whole Case so far the marshal has seemed to regard himself the special agent of the. Claimant and has apparently taken great pleasure in furnishing him every possible facility to make out his Case and has thrown almost every conceivable obstacle in the Way of the defense. Of such conduct let the Public pronounce judgment. In free democracy. The free democratic association of Marion county will hold a meeting at Bridgeport on saturday aug. 13, commencing at 1 o clock p. M. Not Only the free democrats of the county but the people generally Are invited to attend. Reporter of the supreme Goat. Except a reply last week to an article in the state Sentinel we have hitherto said nothing in regard to the office of reporter of the decisions of the supreme court. Nor has it been our intention to say much in reference to it unless a free democratic candidate should be brought out whether such a candidate will be brought out either by a convention or the executive committed of the state a86bciation we know not we have heard no expression of opinion in reference to it. If such a candidate should be brought Outi if he a suitable Man he will receive our cordial support. The a Are two candidates in the Field now for this office. Or. Albert g. Porter who now holds the office by Appel Namei from the governor has been put in nomination by the democratic state Central committee. From the slight acquaintance we have with or. P. We entertain for him great respect acid that he qualified for the office we a have heard none deny. What his views on slavery Are we have no particular knowledge. We use the Yankee privilege of Guear no that he not quite a Dif triple of we. J. Browne we guess he does not believe slavery a very divine institution. Whether he esteems the Compromise measures to sacred that the safety of the Union will depend Ripon his election we cannot Tell till we hear some Inore definite expression of his views and learn what the state Sentinel and other Union carers think of them. From his card in our advertising columns and also from a which we copy from the i Toily Jod Raal it appears that j. W. Gordon Esq., an Independent candidate for the same office. Or. G. Belonged to the whig party and one yet we presume if such a party May be said to exist. He a gentleman very Well respected by everybody so far we Are informed except the editor of the state Sentinel and we presume Eren or. Brown would speak Well of him if he Gordon were not a Temperance Man. That or. J Well qualified pc the office not doubted. In tie con Tot Between these gentlemen the free Democrat much to the a egret so doubt of or. Brown will not interfere at Lead to it will not editorially. We do not say that if any of our mends desire to be heard a rough our columns that their comma cations shall be excluded. So far tie Success of free democracy concerned we do not deem the election of a reporter a matter of very grave importance. We should be pleased to see a Good free Democrat filling the office but having no fears that the Union will be destroyed by the election of either or. Porter or or. Gordon although both belong to parties decidedly fanatical we shall leave the result very cheerfully to the people and devote Vur own attention to matters we deem of More importance just at Liis time. When the time for voting arrives we shall very Likely feel inclined to exercise the right of a Fri be Aud in just such a Way we please and we presume every other free Democrat will do the same without asking special permission of the editor of the state Sentinel though he seems Vei y desirous to direct them in that matter. Or. Brown thinks it very significant that we should have copied a communication of or. Gordon from the. Daily journal repelling the Sentinel charge of abolitionism. It Kus significant in one respect showing the character Oftle a Sentinel editor. We shall have no objection to perform the same kind office for or. Porter should he be induced in a similar Way or indeed in any Way to express his sentiments on slavery. The Case of Freeman an affecting scene. Counsel have been engaged in collecting testimony in the Case of John Freeman. Or. Coburn one of Freesia a i co Fisi a has been to Kentucky on notice of the claimant to attend to the taking of depositions. Or. Ketcham went to Georgia. He returned on last Friday having obtained he confidently believes testimony of a conclusively favourable character. He brought with him on his return a gentleman of High standing who knew Freeman Many years ago in Georgia. An interview Between this gentleman and Freeman was had the particulars of which Are substantially Given in the daily journal follows this gentleman by an arrangement of or. Ketcham with a design that will be seen in the sequel was nameless when he reached our shores. He was not introduced to a soul nor his name divulged until the affecting scene of which we shall speak occurred. Or. K. And the i cog. Southerner in company with the other counsel for Freeman those of Ellington and a Numier of disinterested citizens went to the jail to see Freeman. They All went into an Ante room and the unknown placed himself in an obscure position. Freeman was then brought in and Shook hands with or. K. This gentleman then told him to look around and see if any of his old friends were present. He slowly cast his eyes around on those present nodding to this and that one with the accustomed deferential manner of coloured men but when he came to the Southern gentleman spoken of he fixed his eyes on him eagerly recognized him rushed towards him grasped his hand and with Heartfelt emotion said Quot god bless you. Massa Patillo How do you do Quot it was too much for the old gentleman equanimity he was unmanned and shed tears. And indeed there were few dry eyes in the room. The two acquaintances then had a Long and familiar talk about old times leaving not a Shadow of doubt in the minds of the hearers that they were indeed old Aud bore Friendly relations in Quot Lang such the dissolving Power of nature on the human heart when demolishing by a sudden assault like this the Citadel of prejudice that in View of such a scene abolitionist apologist slave Holder and apologist of slavery would be moved to tears spontaneously and simultaneously Jar Quot since the above was in Type we find in the Dally Sentinel the Foll Mug stat Eisent by or. Ketcham himself the fugitive slave Case. Editor of Sentinel the Case of Kali Wigton . Free Man Hus cd Vitus a deep interest in this Coin Unity and else Liere and it gun rally known that 1 went to Georgia to take , i think it not improper to give to the Public tue result of my visit. I reached info Ziroe Walton county Georgia on the 13th instant Ami in a very few minutes saw that All was night. I found everything precisely Freeman had told Liioi conversed with Many of the citizens who remembered him Well All of whom concurred substantially in their statements. On the 15th i took several depositions in which i have proved that Freeman came to that county in company with James Hobbs from Virginia in the year 831,a4u free Man and continued to live there until the year 18j4�? never having bean absent from the place longer than a flt a Days at a time except in tie Spring of 1836, when he went in the capacity of servant or Cook with a Volunteer company from Walton Down into Florida to join in the Florida War. The company was gone about two Mouths Aud Freeman returned with them. An of ulcer in the company Testi Lios dial the company started on the in the of Alarco lfc3ij�? u will be remembered Itiat Ellington Hiis sworn that Iii boy Quot Sam alias John Freeman ran of in March Hso it also known that Freeman has two certificates from the court of Walton county showing that Creed m. Jen Luigs was Aji pointed his guardian 22d february lt32, Auu Tuat having left the state in 1837, the Hon. Warren j. Hill Yus appointed Hie guardian the Law of Georgia requiring All free persons of color to have guardians appointed. Freeman also had two of judge , staling that he free and a worthy Man &c., uie Une Davjd m lc37, and the other 1844. I hunted up the old Musty records of Valton county and found the orders copies of which Freeman has. Judge Hill deposes that the two Cert locates purporting to be Liis Are genuine. He also deposes that the old letter of Isih March 1831, from l. B. Jeuning a genuine letter in the hand writing of Jennings who Tufts awards moved to Monroe and died there the judge also Freeman mass of business papers and deposes that he was Persou Asly acquainted with most of the Uruu actions. He also deposes to the act of Freeman having come to Monroe in 1831, and h continuance there till 1844, except that be went in 183g with tie company to Florida Aud also that he went out i.,to Teun Essoe peddling a Short Lime before he left for Indiana that he sold Freeman most of his Load of goods when he started for Indiana sold him one of his horses Aud that Freeman said when he started that if he liked the co Guilry he should not return otherwise he would. Barbour and Coburn ksqs., forwarded to me Freeman Daguerreotype front and a Side View which i received tie Day i took the depositions. There were at the Post Oitice Tifty persons when 1 received it. 1 opened it and hair used u to the crowd Wiio with one voice and acclamation pronounced it to be Frumau a and a most Excel i jilt Lieness. I brought with me Leroy Pattillo Esq., a native of geor Gia and who has resided in Monroe since u Man High esteemed by All his town whip has been postmaster in Monroe since 1833. Kot a soul in Indiana knew this gentleman was coming. Freeman had never Uicon tuned Bis name and his name was not listed by me or any other Erson after we came into tiie the reason of which explained to or. Patillo before we left Kentucky in the Ufie Noou of thursday tie Day i got Home we Noti Tidd Walpole and Liston ksqs., counsel for Al Lington that we intended to take a gun Leman from Monroe to see free Nuin. They together with Freeman counsel John Wilkins William Huun Amau col. Davidson Campbell and a number of other citizens went to the jail. Harry Vaude Gril t took into a Large room of the it Welt Itzig hous and lir ought free stun in. 1 do not think Freeman knew 1 had resumed. Alter shaking hands with him 1 told him to look about and see if Liere were present any strangers whom to could name. He ran his Eye deliberately Over the company and at last it rested on tie Georgia gentleman. It was riveted for a moment and then with a bound he seized him exclaiming Quot Omassa fat Tillo Dis you a Quot the kind hearted old Geu Lemau was overcome Aud he and Freu Jiuu mingled their eur i together. Or. Walpole questioned or. Pattillo about himself and Freeman until he was satisfied after which or. Pattillo spent a half hour in talking Over matters and things in Monroe just you and i would talk of Inch Ntapolis if we should meet alter a Long absence of one or from the Dace. 1 must Here tender to those Southern gentlemen whose acquaint Aiice i made and we o expressed to Weir interest in Freeman behalf my kind regards. Aud especially the citizens of Monroe Lor the promptness with which Urey a fibred me every facility to Forward the object of my visit. And 1 am under so Vecial obligation to Hon. Warren j. Hill who gave me uie Hosp Dulity of Feis House and who took a deep interest la Freeman matters. Judge Hill a whole hearted southerner Higi ily esteemed by All his neighbors Aud was Noimi Inaten by the democratic party for the state Senate just before 1 got to Monroe. July so 1853. John l. Ketcham. Odd Celebration of the i. 0. O. F. On last thursday in this City was very creditable to the order. Nearly 400 of the fraternity marched in procession to masonic Hall where an address was pronounced by we. Wallace Esq. The address has been highly commended. We Are pleased to learn that it will be published in pamphlet form and if we Are so fortunate to receive a copy we shall treat our readers to some extracts if not to the whole address. Fayette Cohutt Are requested to state that the free democratic meeting which has been called to be held at West Union Fayette county on the 4th of August postponed to aug. 20, on account of interference with other meetings. See the Call in another column. At West Union in Fayette county a Lara Tou course of citizens Assell led. Hon. Geor Julian the orator of the Day deeply incensed the peo Ile by delivering an abolition lecture in which be used disparaging expressions of the country and abused those who did not feel like acknowledging the negro race their equals. This caused considerable excitement. The populace found themselves in for a wooly performance and expressed much displeasure at the course of the orator. From what we learn. Or. Julian acted in such a Maimer he will not Likely be called to address the same audience on such an occasion there Are men who live in Indiana and feel indignant at the Laws that keep Back negroes from marrying their daughters to bless them with Nappy headed grand a Wildren to arouse them in their old Days who ought to remove where they can enjoy the desired luxury without out raging the opinions of nine tenths of the whole population. A o Ilio ism wants political and social equalities of the races Aud these Lead wherever Practised to amalgamation which always results in an injury to Democrat. The above the article from the Brookville Democrat referred to in the communication of Quot West we extremely regret that or. Bentley should see fit to perpetrate such an article but More on his own account than on account of or. Julian or the free democracy. Such Black guard articles instead of injuring Benefit the free democratic party. Or. Bentley ought to know this. He does know that a similar course of certain Wayne county papers brought into existence the free democratic paper published More than four years at Centreville and removed last january to this City. The blackguard ism of the Wayne county whig and Cambridge reveille or. Bentley then condemned. He approved too the election of this same George w. Juliar. To Congress and we have no doubt voted for him knowing Well then he does now his sentiments. More than this. In the Spring of 1850, when the Foreman of the Tnie Democrat office had determined to leave for California or. Bentley desired to Purchase one half of the office and in a letter to on that subject he incidentally remarked that henceforth he should be with the free democracy. Such being the Quot antecedents Quot of or. Bentley we have been surprised that he should indulge in such Billingsgate towards free democrats he has frequently done since his connection with the Brookville Democrat. It May be required of him in Franklin county. Had or. B. Become an equal partner with in the Tnie Democrat he desired and had he found it to pay Pecunia Rily we have no doubt he would now be one of the noisiest of those whom he chastely represents Quot indignant at the taws that keep Buck negroes from marrying their daughters to bless them with Nappy headed grand children in their old the above article misrepresents or. Julian speech of this we Are confident both from our knowledge of or. Julian and from the information we have received from various sources. That he spoke of slavery a that he spoke of the doctrine of Equality avowed in the declaration of Independence we have no doubt. He would have been inexcusable on such an occasion if he had not. But that he gave any prominence to this Over other subjects or that he Quot abused those who did not feel like acknowledging the negro race their equals Quot or that he said anything calculated to offend any one who thinks the declaration of Independence not a lie we do not believe. or. Bentley has complained so bitterly about or Julian address we a him to Point out a single remark he made that was not in perfect consonance with the truths of the declaration of Independence. We Are aware that there Are those who regard this instrument an abolition document who eschew its sentiments. Such should recollect that it that instrument which gives occasion to the Celebration of the fourth of july and that if they cannot Bear to hear promulgated from the speaker stand on such an occasion the truths so solemnly asserted by the patriots of the revolution they have no business to be present to participate in any such Celebration. The language of Quot West Union Quot in reference to or. Develin Strong. We like not the epithets of Quot lie Quot and Quot liar Quot at any time or anywhere. Yet when they Are so truly applicable in this instance there a temptation for a writer to use them. Or. Develin not ignorant. He knew that or. Pillsbury was not a Quot Hale elector Quot he knew that said Pillsbury was not a free Democrat that he belonged to no political party. His assertions in regard to this we regret to say can be nothing else than deliberate falsehoods. We fear he May have been stimulated to write them by some of his Hunker friends who were sorely disappointed that a Hunker was not selected instead of or. Julian the orator of the Day. Julian executive committee of the state free democratic association have had printed several thousand copies of the speech of Hon. Geo. W. Julian delivered before the state convention last May. If the committee had at their disposal a sufficient amount of funds they would be glad to place them in the hands of free democrats for gratuitous distribution but desiring to publish other documents and needing funds to do it they have thought Best to sell these at a rate that will cover Cost. They will be furnished at seventy five cents per Hundred. We Trust our friends will Send in their orders immediately that we May have funds for other documents. We have on hand also or. Giddings speech on the Baltimore platforms and or. Julian on land Reform 75 cents per Hundred also a few copies of w. J. Brown Quot interesting tract Quot on the divinity of slavery. the editor of the state Sentinel has pronounced this a very Quot interesting Quot document it will be distributed with no charge except where ordered to be sent by mail the payment of postage which on packages of eight ounces or More one half cent per ounce. If any prefer to pay for them the amount will be put into the Treasury of the state association to defray the expenses of other needed publications. The Blind pub listed last week fhe statement of the present Board of trustees by their Secretary in regard the suspension of of operations in the amp Institute for the Blind. This week we give the statement of the old trustees and of the superintendent. The superintendent has published a further communication in regard to the matter for which we have not room this this a Matt or in which the people Are interested we need to give no apology for occupying so much space in reference to it. The Reader will examine the several statements and place the censure for the unfortunate suspension where it justly belongs. _ for the Indiana free Democrat. Free Pemo Jentie meeting in Fayette county. Resolving to Quot fight on and fight Ever Quot the free democrats of Fayette have concluded to meet at West Union in said county on tie 20 the of August and form an organic nation for the promotion of free soil. Free speech and free men. speakers a invite Rev. Samuel Lewis of Ohio he i Sis,.s. Pm Ding g. W. Julian and or. They Are expected to attend with out Casterline. Fail. Whigs Aud democrats gentlemen and ladies Are All invited to attend and hear the Trump of Freedom blow that presages the Corning doom of slavery. Independent press Liberty Herald Valley times Brookville american and National Era please copy. James Elliott a. James Green. Benjamin Ross. M. R. Hull. James Tuttle. Joseph Murthey. Arthur Wright. From the morning journal. To the voters of Indiana. Announce myself an inn Quot the White water have received the annual catalogue of this institution located at Centreville Wilyne county Lud. Under the presidency of Rev. Cyrus Nutt this College has acquired a Good reputation and its Success considering the infancy of the institution has been highly encouraging. The total number of students the past year 208. Female department 109 male department 99. The financial agent Rev. James a. Beswick we Are informed has been very successful in the Sale of scholarships for the purpose of endowing professorships and we Are pleased to learn from a member of the faculty that the prospects for the next term which commences on the last monday of August Are More encouraging than at any former period. Madison courier of july i9th says Quot this time last year number of hogs had been contracted for in this City. This year we have not heard of a single contract for future delivery. Feeders Are willing to sell but the great difference Between their views and the views of the buyers leaves no Hope for operations before the hog packing season opens. The great increase of the number of hogs which will be thrown on the Market will Rule prices Low very Low in comparison with the prices of the season of 1652-3. Farmers and feeders will have to make up their minds to receive Low prices for facts Fob the monthly published by or. Bailey of the National Era has already a subscription of 20,000. The last Era expresses the Hope that it will soon reach 50,000. It should reach that number. By the Way or. Era did you not Promise to those who published the prospectus of the facts for the people and directed attention to it six copies we did that very thing and have yet received Only one copy. Fellow cims i pendent Candy a for the office of reporter of decisions of the Quot super me court of Indiana. Jiny of the motives which have led to this announce ment will not be involved in the election and therefore need not to be stated Here. Suffice it to say the office compensates its incumbent for his labor and opens a Field where yet higher aspirations May be gratified. Like other men i do not profess to be indifferent to either and if chosen by your Suffrages to that position these alone will be adequate pledges for the faithful discharge of its duties. Impelled by no partizan purpose and subject to the dictation of no partisan clique i place my name before you the people without reference to party distinctions. The office one totally in connect etl with politics and its incumbent should therefore make no appeals to political prejudices nor pander to partisan tastes. No Man has a right to drag such an office into such an Arena. Its importance limited Only by the Powers and duties of your highest judicial tribunal. To set Forth in a Clear forcible and faithful style its decisions the task of. The reporter. This work not for a Day a year or an age but for Many Ages for Indiana while she stands a state maintaining her Freedom and securing Justice to her citizens. Nor will her reports be confined to the state but carefully arranged and collated will become a part of the general jurisprudence of the Union honorable to an enlightened and free people valuable to posterity a Safe guard to their institutions. Without a vaunt of Superior ability or deeper learning or a charge of ignorance or incapacity upon the present reporter nor yet avoiding a fair comparison i submit my claims to your consideration leaving you to act Best comports with your interest and principles. J. W. Gordon. Indianapolis from the state Seii Timuel. The ins Tionta for the education of the Blind of Indiana. Or. Editor a the undersigned with Seton m. Norris Esq. Who has recency removed from the state having for six years past composed the Board of trustees of the above institution feel called upon under the circumstances of its proposed closing to accompany the explanations being made by the superintendent with a Brief glance at the origin of the Institute and the manner in which the expenditures for the Purchase of the grounds and the construction of the buildings have been provided. Having been a witness to the generous efforts making by the adjoining states of Ohio and Kentucky for the education and training of their Blind children one of the undersigned invited the superintendent of the Kentucky Institute to visit Indianapolis in the Winter of 1844, with some of their pupils and make an exhibition of their attainments to excite interest in our legislature on behalf of the Blind of Indiana. The invitation was accepted and the result was that with unanimity the legislature appropriated a Revenue of two Mills on the one Hundred dollars to be expended under the supervision of the officers of state with one of the undersigned in selecting from the Blind children of the state Many could be supported thereby in the institutions in our sister states. During the succeeding years Earnest efforts were made by circulars addressed to the county officers and other citizens generally to procure Blind children to be thus sent but it was Only after we engaged the services of or. William a. Cd Hurchman an experienced teacher of the Blind and just previously the superintendent of the Tennessee Institute for their education that we were at All successful in inducing the parents of the Blind to Trust their helpless children out of the state even for a gratuitous education. On our report of this difficulty the next legislature very readily passed a Law to provide for commencing an institution in our state and for the procuring of grounds and erection of buildings for which objects the undersigned were appointed trustees. It May not be out of place under present circumstances. To remark that these appointments were not solicited by either of the undersigned. Realizing the necessity of a convenient Well pleasant location for the Institute the under signed immediately purchased for $5,000, an Elli Gible site of eight acres adjoining the North line of the City which we had been fearing would be bought by others for speculation before the Law would be passed authorizing the Purchase for an Institute. however the Law required the trustees to rent buildings and bringing Home the pupils from the other states to commence the education of them and All the others in the state that room could be made for Well authorizing the procuring of grounds for which sufficient appropriation was not mad the undersigned were compelled in order to secure this valuable site for the state to assume the responsibility of anticipating further appropriations of the legis Liture and by incurring individual liability we made the Purchase of the site. That we did not err either in our estimation of the value of the property we thereby secured to the state for the Institute or in the approval of the legislature Manifest from the present value of the property being without any improvement beyond $20,000, and from the provision by the succeeding generals sensibly for the fulfilment of our contract of Purchase. Having been abruptly notified that we could not continue the use of the premises we had procured Quot for chef of the Blind unless we paid an rent we Felt compelled to proceed rapidly in the erection of a Back building on the ground we have purchased which would finally suit for a work shop. In doing so we were again Cut impelled somewhat to anticipate the appropriations of the general Assembly and borrowed funds of the commissioners of the sinking fund on our individual liability which was afterwards provided for by the general Assembly. Finding in experience that the building we had erected wa entirely too Small for the wants of the Blind we proceeded gradually to Progress with the erection of a suitable Institute for the education in training in literature and handicraft the whole Blind children of the state laying the foundation one season after procuring such plans and estimates and after Long and varied examination seemed most appropriate and permanent and proceeding rapidly to the completion seemed judicious reporting our Progress and expenditures in classified detail to the legislature from time to time from which such appropriations were received the pressing claim of the other benevolent institutions of the state would allow to be spared for that of the Blind a being frequently assured by the respective committees of the legislature that the wants of the other institutions who were in construction before ours were lessened the appropriation for the Blind should meet All our necessities. Confiding in the appreciation of our motives and under the continued approbation of those committees of the legislature before whom a the several sessions personally Well in our reports our Progress and expenditures were submitted and the strictest scrutiny invited into our accounts and operations we persevered to the completion of an Institute for the Blind of the state of which for its perfect adaptation to its object Beauty and simplicity of design faithfulness in fee cution and Economy of construction will Challenge comparison with any in the intuited states or Europe. Ii Iii i m a j1 i Iii i a. I a a we Siope we a be pardoned for so much reference to ourselves in this Brief sketch. It not to solicit the Praise of our fellow citizens we have not Given our services trustees for the education of the Blind of the state without fee or Reward for so Many years without we Trust higher motives. To or. Churchman the indefatigable superintendent and acting member of the building committee and to the excellent taste and unflinching Fidelity of f. Costigan Esq., the architect whom we selected to superintend the entire Structure the state peculiarly indebted for a work which will be a source of gratification to every generous citizen of Indiana so Long the state exists. For the engagements of such persons in such an Enterprise we were willing to incur responsibility and Render our personal services the occasion seemed to Call for to secure such a construction we would desire to do in making improvements for ourselves confiding that any legislature which would do the Justice to examine our operations and expenditures would approve our proceedings. We were satisfied that to succeed in a prompt and efficient erection of the building and its appurtenances we must engage an experienced architect and or. Costigan who was highly Tecoma , after our urgency to serve for two years if we would Complete the whole Structure in that time. To secure Economy we promised Cash promptly on every contract reserving 20 percent until its completion and invited Competition from All other parts of this state Well other states preferring the lowest responsible bidder both for materials and work requiring the whole to pass the scrutiny of the architect and the endorsement of or. Churchman for the building committee before payment. We invite the examination of any competent and impartial persons whether for such a Structure we have put up there has not been saved in its Cost of construction one fifth if not one fourth of what it would have required to have erected it on any less prompt principles in the payment of contracts and rapidity of erection. To Dos it we had to incur the responsibility of Bori owing funds in Iid Vance of appropriations All the other benevolent institutions did to comply punctually with our engagements and we had the pleasure of stating that no Mechanic or contractor for the building had to wait or sacrifice a Dollar to procure the funds he was entitled to under our engagement. Being always sustained by the general Assembly confiding in the singleness of purpose which governed we never appropriated a cent of these funds to allow ourself. S any Liing for our services we cheerfully confided in our motives being appreciated and our proceedings approved. Upon the estimates of or. Churchman and or. Costigan to the prospective wants of tie Institute our statements to the legislature were of course based and it was our special injunction last fall that the building approached completion and its heating Light and furniture had to be provided for Wal its enclosure and the suitable grading for it every item should be embraced that could to anticipated in the estimate for the legislature. A statement will be furnished you by or. Churchman which will show the Fiti Mancial condition of the Institute and How much the estimates proved in the result below the actual amount required in which the experience of others who have endeavoured to erect furnish and Complete Large improvements have found the Cost to run beyond their calculations has been realized. We have every Confidence that these estimates were furnished with entire integrity and that any under computation of Cost or mistake has been unintentional. Some part of these disbursements have taken place not under our charge but during several months since our successors were elected such the grading of the grounds which not knowing the Grade of the City Council would authorize or the City Engineer would establish was estimated it $500, it seems has Cost Over $1000, which has been entirely expended since our successors were elected and was incurred by a lower Grade being fixed by the City Engineer than was expected. Of course without such grading the Iron and the whole fencing would have had to be placed in a deep Gutter far below the surface in places and it was therefore necessary. It May be said that the lighting with Gas heating with hot water apparatus enclosing the front with an Iron Fence �c., was injudicious but the undersigned have from the first acted upon the principle that while our services were rendered to the state in these duties we would do nothing but what was in symmetrical Harmony with the design we had adopted Aud with a permanent and therefore True Economy if we had been at any time informed by the legislature or any of its committees that we have erred in these views we should at once have resigned. We have in this Sisty sketch referred mostly to the expenditures to the buildings and have Only room to state that the same principles have governed in the furnishing of the House of appropriateness and Good taste without extravagance always by getting fair Competition and offering Cash for every engagement. This rather protracted statement seemed necessary to show that if continued trustees from our Long experience of the larger views and constant by the legislature we should not for a moment have hesitated to incur any personal response trility to meet my deficiency necessary to perfect the completion of the appurtenance of the Institute and carry it on until the next meeting of the general Assembly. When we had watched with solicitude Over these Blind pupils fors Many years gratified at their improvement both in the school room and the work shop and knew the injury they would sustain in these habits of study and labor being broken off for More than half a year and spec idly when we know that Many of these children Are orphans and females Well Blind having no kind bosom in this world to rest upon in Sickne. or trouble other than the Matron of the Institute we had selected and no nearer father than the superintendent and we were aware that if thrust out from the shelter of the Institute their Only Home they would be returned to the alms houses of the counties they have been taken from we Trust there Are few citizens of the state that would not have approved of our incurring any responsibility in their behalf. This would also have been Felt to be obligatory on from the offi cers and teachers of the Institute having been brought from a distance to whose politics we never enquired but Only to , and experience and having a reasonable right to expect a continuance of employment Wilile no fault had been found with their performance of duty. Geo. W. Mears James m. Ray. P. S. In the absence of these gentlemen it due to them to say that or. Ellis one of our successors was out of the City in ill health during the action of the new Board ordering the suspension and that col. Carr another member who was present expressed a decided preference for borrowing funds enough to carry on the Institute relying upon the future appropriation of the legislature know Bat he my sym. In Ivor of a poor lame Ani Laboured and mangled by every Quot Curr hound and Bulpin the country. I wish him nothing Worie excited that has been be ton that his answer will appear strange Quot acquainted Quot with their discipline and Quot i than a pure heart and a Happy life or. Crary thinks my article Quot a mislead those not acquainted with the position and doctrines of the methodist e. i am of Opin to those Pline and Quot position the worst i could have apprehended in his letter to the advocate and Joum True. He says Quot he stated the fact that Ellington belonged to the methodist e. South to prove that he was not a methodist. Here the Broad ground Vascen Itiat the Church South Are not meth cd its. Then Why did the methodist episcopal Church make a bargain with them that they would not Send ministers or missionaries into their Bounds to preach the go spel i will quote a Resolution of the general conference resolved that ministers local and travel in , july 25th, 185.3. Or. Editor a i wish to give a Little attention to a couple of notices of me which appear in your last paper. We. J. Brown in the daily Sentinel of the 18th inst., makes a quotation from a communication of mine which Appe tired in the free Democrat of the 2lst, and remarks that Quot he has no argue its for the Man who under his oath to support the Constitution of the United states would openly repudiate and disregard it under any plea Quot a Man who would dire Gard his oath past Therea zoning Point Quot a. Now this about such cleverness you might expect from a Man who always in an agony whose daily business to suffer pain a righteous retribution. These remarks applied to any thing he has seen from me Are extremely unjust and cruel. There not an intimation in the passage quoted that i would disregard my oath. I would construe the Constitution of the United states in favor of Liberty. Quot this would be just for it was Quot ordained to establish if i were a judge and could not do this i would resign. But i should not hesitate to pronounce every Man free regardless of the slave acts for they Are not and cannot be Laws. Even if the Constitution sanctioned slavery the Man who would violate his oath in favor of Justice and Freedom would be better than the cold Stony hearted moral philosopher who would take an oath and keep it to the letter to perpetuate a system of wrong and Quot oppression the vilest that Ever saw the if you take an oath to commit murder had you not better break the oath than commit the murder if the Constitution sanctions slave which it docs not it ought to be altered and if it could not be altered it ought to be destroyed Liat Quot Liberty might be proclaimed throughout All the land to All the la habitats our great trouble with or. Brown he always confounds the fugitive act and the Constitution. His argument this that the Constitution makes provision for the rendition of fugitive slaves therefore the fugitive act of Congress constitutional. Nothing More unfair and false. It assumes the question in dispute. If it were admitted that the provision exists still the act clearly unconstitutional. I wish Ohaven trouble with or. Brown. I Hope i shall have but few Quot castigation Quot for him. I rawer feel to pity the Man. Every body seems to be snapping at him though he were the biggest democratic dog in the state Aud i Don t j of every Grade and office in the methodist e. C., May they prefer remain in that Church or without blame attach themselves to the Chur i Here a Sanction of a slav holding Church and an agreement to commit All the interests of religion in the South to their hands and their ministers May join this slave holding Church Quot without blame Quot and year fhe methodist episcopal Church an anti slavery Church even South of Mason and Dixon line our ministers there South Are anti slavery have we any other evidence of this than we have that Ellington anti slavery they say they Are opposed to it no doubt when talking to Northern anti slavery men. But we May to deceived by those professions. He has no Faith in Ellington neither have i. He says Quot he would like Quot to see a methodist from Missouri on a Mission so wicked if the Church South have an organization in Missouri it in violation of the contract and the presumption notwithstanding Ellin on statement that he belongs to the methodist e. Church. Oor such the papers say was a methodist and he went from the Vicinity of Baltimore he must have belonged to the Quot methodist episcopal Church Quot for the Baltimore conference went with that Branch in the split and they mutually agreed not to enter upon each other ground when once their Choice was made. They did not wait in his Case poor fellow a Quot to report him to his Maryland it was carried at once by the Quot Summit process Quot of powder and Ball to the supreme court the highest Judic Atory of the Church. Quot the buying and Selling of slaves for gain punished by there any thing Here against holding them and raising and working them for gain there any think against raising and Selling them for gain certainly not and do you suppose men will get better than their religious standards better than their bibles in 1789 the expression of the Church on this subject was this Quot the buying or Selling the bodies and souls of men women and children with an intention to enslave in 1808 it reads Quot the buying and Selling of men women and children in 1780 the Church said slavery was contrary to the Laws of god Man and nature and in 1838 the conference said in refusing to censure the Georgia conference when a nation was made to do it Quot that slavery it exists in the United states not a Morid and yet this an anti slavery Church and Quot would Hail with Delight any plan to rid the country of this foul blot the Church has uniformly of sed Quot abolitionism Quot they choose to Call it. They hate slavery and give it occasionally Quot Goss Quot but they hate its opposite abolitionism worse and give it Quot show me thy Faith without thy works and i will show you my Faith by my what the Church doing against slavery the article in the discipline allows the members to hold slaves to their hearts Content and they Are not once told they Are doing wrong. The local preachers May hold them without one word of reproof. The travelling preachers May hold them where the Quot Laws of the states forbid emancipation Quot and even there if it seems Quot impracticable Quot to free them. What a blessed privilege it must be for a Man to be allowed to tie his own hands but How ridiculous afterwards to whine about his condition and wish he could get out of it a Church must be in a bad Chise whose Standard of Doty not elevated above the Laws of a slave state. These Laws Are the measure of a Man duty on this subject. Of my god this anti slavery will Quot it extirpate the great evil Quot i am referred Quot to Elliot the Standard of the i have seen and read very considerably in it. If it had not ended it would be Good. It in the main strongly anti slavery. It makes the Quot american slave Trade Quot even worse than Quot the much of it taken from Theodore d. Weld Quot slavery it ."�? but the Book spoiled and made useless in its conclusion that you should not cease to hold communion and Fellowship with Quot the Sura of All Elliot Book reminds me of what Quot the Learned Blacksmith Quot said of Horace Greeley after the Campaign of 1848. Quot poor Greeley poor Greeley he can soar like an Eagle and squat like a since the Missouri Compromise the actions of the methodist e. C have been pro slavery unless there something very lately of an opposite character. In the Resolution which divided them they Only asked a Little which was not Worth thanking god for and that Little which was designed to prevent a slip from the North drove off a by tier split from the South. So their expediency policy spoiled the a lurch Budri Vinoff a Branch to which All their ministers along the Border line might go Quot without Quot some guilty and some innocent slaveholders May be in our can t Yon turn out the guilty one? and then Quot the innocent ones Quot will follow and the Church will be free Quot anti slavery Quot indeed. A member of a m. In Indianapolis took his children from Sabbath school because a Little negro was admitted. The Church perhaps might not know of this Case but what would she do if she did i am glad or. Crary so anti slavery and Many others of the Chur Lei Are so in heart. 1 Hope they will soon All be so. But let no Man be satisfied till fhe Church makes a Rule that will expel every slaveholder. S. W. Ritchey. wooo soda be. Madison july 21, 1853. R. Vaile Esq., sir since i last saw you i have had much ill health but no withstand intr that i have generally kept myself in motion. I have travelled through some eight or nine counties and although i was travelling strictly on business i always had my ears open to hear. I found Quot free democrats Quot More or less everywhere. I have done but Little for the cause of Liberty and Equality since we parted but still i have done something. I have delivered several lectures on invitations to rather Small audiences but very attentive there were at no place where i lectured More than from one to three hour notice of the meeting Given and of course the audiences were not Large. I will Send you a Skeleton of each lecture and herewith Send you an online of most of the first one Quot i find everywhere pro slavery politicians pro slavery preachers and pro slavery professing christians and All Are. More or less enga a in opposing the emancipation party. They All seem to oppose with bitterness the abolition of american slave holding. All persons who Are contending for Universal Liberty and Equality they seem to think Are dangerous disturber of the peace of both Church and state. They teach that All such persons should be excluded from Church and from office. That they should be treated if traitors to Gover Melit acid in Church beheld and esteemed infidels in Christian orthodox Faith. Quot there can be no charge made against the spree democratic party Quot that so foolish so unreasonable or so glaringly false that the slavic rats of the Northern free states will not with apparent gusto propagate it a True and certain fact. The charge has been Long going the rounds among them that the principles of the anti slavery part of the United states Lead to infidelity and that they a party Are an infidel parly. Quot such a charge not Worth nor it worthy of an answer. The Quot free democratic party Quot a political party and extends More or less through every state in the Union and known of All men and All know whether his neighbor an infidel or not. We will however look at this for a minute or two. The Slavo cratic party both in Church and state sustain believe and each that the system or institution of american slave holding not of itself sinful and that All persons May thus enslave human beings without sin and that american slave holding no bar to Christian Church membership nor to Christian Church Union and Fellowship. Anti slavery persons believe sustain and teach that american slave holding a sin of and in itself. That no person can hold an american slave under the american slave Laws and system without sin and that nothing but emancipation can Stop the sin. And that an american slaveholder not worthy under the gospel of Jesus Christ to be a member of any Christian Church that Christ will acknowledge a Branch of his Church militant and most assuredly cannot be a member of his Church triumphant. For these opinions the pro slavery world and pro slavery Church pronounces the anti slavery party an infidel party. Quot an infidel one mho disbelieves the inspire tits of the scriptures and the divine origin of anti slavery persons Are therefore declared to be persons who disbelieve the inspiration of the Kris he exam. The Dit ii or a simply b9caamt Thor believe that it . Sod on _ be a bar Tif cd Listina membership Al amp tii Tiai Union. T&i9 tees the quest Iraq what american what an american slave and what his condition How lie Oviade a share and what the cd act in View in establishing sustaining and canyons Oil the american slave a Stem the Laws of me states holding slaves and Iha administration of those Laws the Rad treatment under the Laws Answon Cly a Jib Aid ind put ably the whole question. 1. A Lavein these a tit state it who by Force and i twist his will has ceased to exist a Man and amp civilly dead. He ranked among beasts and in Obs Okte Inq Petty of aug other human being who called Nis master and deemed taken and held Absolu Nady proper and not a human being. 2. A slave in these uni states Ahnan being who by Force and against his will with dirt any Navy relations Kindred Peop tribe or ution and also without any individual name Fez Chepli a beat May at times have a name. Men give names from time to time to dogs horses c., so to know them one from another and in like manner and to like manner Only Are names Given to slave but a slave has no family name. to Emdy relations Kindred people tribe or nation he stands Exa Cuy a Ahoise or other Domestic beasts. The master Calls his slave by whatever name he pleases and alters that name again at pleasure. A slave belongs to. No nation a tribe no family relations and therefore stands isolated a beast. 3. A slave in these United states Ahnan being that can never enter the relation of husband and wife. The Laws of slave holding absolute in forbid it. Such a relation would soon put an end to american slavery. Slaves in these United states can Only go tither beasts. They cannot be Man and wife. Slaves cannot be for Are they liable to the punishments and Pic Naltie a that Che Laws of the states inflict non Home beings for the crimes of Bic a a beasts and have a right to have Intoe Oan among themselves beasts therefore the cannot commit any of the above enumerated crimes. It it 4. A slave in these United states a person that cannot have the relations of father Mather child sister brother Uncle or Mauiu or any other relation except horses or beasts have these a lations. Children bom to slave Dwoinen have no father not even a reputed father. Sachs Hod has no father or mothers name that it takes. It nameless a Colt until it dabbed lbs ii a ser Washington cudjoe or some other Pella Tion. Such child belongs to no father nor. it belong to the woman who bears it. It has no Mother Only a Colt or a pig has a Mother. Such child the instant it bom belongs to the person that owns the woman who bears it and be can take the child and sell it and do what he pleases with it at any time he pleases after it bom. If american slave Laws admitted of family names and Geneall ies and family relations among slaves they at once would cease to be the private property of individuals and the Strai of slave holding would soon end. 5. A slave in these United states a human be ing who by Force and against his will i rendered wholly incapable of owning any kind of property or of enjoying or possessing anything his own but in All these respects stands in the precise situation of a dumb beast. Also he in or starved clothed or naked whipped flayed afflicted and punished at the will of the Naster in All things a beast. 6. A slave in these United states a human being who by Force and against his will has had the key of knowledge taken from him. And his body and mind belongs to his master therefore he dare not think act. Or do anything Only directed by his master. His whole time and every minute of his time from Bis birth to his grave Day and night belong exclusively to his master and he bound to be in readiness Day and night to do his master will. 7. A slave in these unite states a human being who by Force and against his will incapable of binding himself by a contract of any name or nature because he not a Man but in himself a Mere piece of property a Hose and belongs body mind and capacity to another human being called his master and therefore he not in Law a human being. He cannot make a marriage contract nor in any Way encumber himself or change his relation to his master. The master owns him body and mind and entitled to All he can do or acquire while his breath lasts and his will in All things taken away. 8. A slave in these United states a human being who by Force and against his will inca ble of being a witness a juror or a voter and deprived of All redress for any wrongs or injuries done to him either in Law or equity. He not m person in Law. The Law Only knows Numan beings that persons. Persons Only can apply to uie Law to redress grievances. Horse and beasts cannot apply to the Law for a redress of grievances. A slave in Law not a person for there no human tribunal in these United states that american slaves can apply to for a redress of any grievance whatever. 9. A slave in these United states a human being who by Force and against his we Al. Has neither Protection nor recess in Law or equity Wany wrong or injury. Any person who to not a Date May whip beat abuse mangle and maim any slave at any and at All times and the slave has no redress in Law or equity. Nor dare the slave defend himself against the aggressor in the least. By the slave Laws of All the slave states a slave prohibited under the penalty of death from raising his hand against a free person. It makes no difference How uncalled for or How barbarous the abuse wounding or injuring min be nor who does it if the person who did it free the slave must Bear it without the least resistance. If a slave was allowed to resist any free person for an to judge of these thin for if he were he might sometime or other think that the master or slave Driver was wrong in whipping and punishing him and resist them and that would weaken the despotic hold of the master on him. If a free Man beats wounds or maims another person slave the owner of the slave May sue the wrong doer for the injury done to his property on the same principle he could sue the wrong doer if it had been his horse that he injured. But tiie slave has no redress Auy More Titan a Hose could have redress. A slave not a human being hot a piece of property and what redress can a piece of property have 10. A slave in the United states a human being who by Force and a inst his will so wholly reduced to the condition of property and made a beast and has so wholly cease to be a Man that he May be sold Given away disposed of by will May be Morgad. Pledged leased hired out be seized and a on execution against his master and May be inventoried and stud by executors or administrators or descend to heirs. 11. A slave in these United states a human being who by Force and against his will deprived of the use of his own reasoning Powers. He cannot exercise his own judgment Orbe Eov erased by his will in any respect whatever. wholly deprived of the inalienable right of judging for himself what right or what wrong i user Mcna =.or physically. He permitted to it know no Law or Rule of conduct in either morals or physics but the despotic win of his master. The will commands and orders of his master he must explicitly and instantaneously obey and execute without any objection or and murmur in things without any exception and this obedience the master has a right to enforce by punishments of any and every name and nature that the master May choose or event even unto death. Hence the unheard of punishments cruelties and barbarities that fire continually inflicted on slaves. 12. A slave in the United states a human being by Force and against his will reduced to the ignorance of a beast by shutting him out from All. And All manner of teaching inn mation and instruction. The Learned Chancellor of South Carolina says it right and merciful to keep a slave thus ignorant for his ignorance keeps him from being unhappy. He knows not what he deprived of nor Bow much he wronged. He Saya an of Happy because he does not know that be oppressed or abused. He further add that if a slave enlightened and made to know a _ human being who in All his sufferings miseries Diconso latins extreme toils his starvation nakedness chastisement punishments afflictions sickness and death never sees the face of a Friend never hears the voice of sympathy or Congo Latium. Kor does the Ever enjoy the influence of kind nos and affection to cheer him under his extreme burdens that continually Gall him. But on the contour he Ever haunted and made unhappy by the presence of the dark dissatisfied and angry countenance of a master or a Driver brandishing whips and instruments of torture and by hcs a ring pm tinally heartless abuse threatening and in Rosa upon my. 14. A slave in these United states a a Nama being who by Force and Gamst his will changed from a Man to a beast in his descent. Bis go Eulogy Cut off and he descends a beast in the

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