Page 1 of 21 May 1831 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Democrat in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana Democrat (Newspaper) - May 21, 1831, Indianapolis, IndianaFanf it by a. F. , saturday May 21, 1831. Vol. L.n0.41.tebios. To doll Ais per annul in Advance. Two Dollare and i Fly cams Al so months. Three dollars Al the end of tie Yucai. The following mum ii verses Are from a volume of poems by James in cig flip Quot Al Woffin 5iag0y gangs . Ovit Atilua to when ,15 away o Liat will a the Las in when Vasej said a away tie re a a Ati Enil in a tie Glen that Dosiia dread the Day o Ivial will a the lads to when Maggy gangs away your Jock hosta in to Lithul for to avva Efu Virji tithe poor Harry s to ii the bed for to and Laid him Down to Dee an Sandy s Ganc ii Poi the Kilt acid Ica Minig fast to Pray and when Jaggy gangs away. The Young Laid o the Laiing Slaw has drank Sci health in wine. The priest has said Iju the Lassie was divine Are Liat is Mairin Maiden s Praise tii Aii ony priest should say but 0, will the lads do when Masy j Baldaj ivill., will draw Thi redbreast Era k Frac the sky Frac the la the fairie will Rise and join the Lay an Praise her what a Day will be when Maggy gangs away 1jforcign. From uie journal of Commerce. Poland. We sub join a very interesting Lett from a Warsaw of As late Tiatco As tic 17lh of a Marci. It gives Mott Enyi urging View of the prospects of the poles Ami represents Vliem to i been successful in every engagement Willi their oppressors. While we disco the writer a Strong Bias in favor of tie poles we Are Persua Ileal there is incl truth in what he avers and that the Gener Al course of the War thus far has Heel Adverse to the Rui their own accounts been Able to Folio according t the Latte up the at it out the legit Ivan tags of Larch Ery russian t Rithen saw Side of the Vistula on c expected breaking up of inc w 11�. Down to the 21st, they had not re crossed but Large divisions were represented t. Have retreated towards Russia prob Abb on account of a Scarcity of provisions. It was evidently the intention of the russian comr Aanderton sweep every thin Down at a single Blois. Liis is More Tim intimated in his proclamation and is con firmed by the statements of Letler writer in the interest of the invaders. His plan therefore in this particular have utterly failed. Instead of re conquering Polani in a Day he fought Day after Day it succession tit hoist a single Deci. Ded advantage and then is obliged to Retreat to the right Bank of the River when he is kept at Bay for several weeks in a enemy s country exposed to famine Anc disease while the Brave poles Are recruit ing their energies and recovering from to licit wounds amidst the conveniences of Quot 1 Friendly City and soothed by the hand of patriotic women. 1 in addition to this it must not be forgot to that trouble has sprung up for Ali i russians in another Quarter where Pei is they least expected in Viz in Ali Vince ovo Lavuia. It is there that Brave Gen. A Wernecke with a pc 10,000 or 15,000 men has Defeated s Al a a Dies of the enemy and captured according to the letter above mentioned pieces of artillery. It is this which me of Quot Cannon provi n Liim the h s Givi i on the whole we do not utterly Despai it the cause of Poland. A braver people never breathed and with the advantages which their position gives them aided by the enthusiasm of Huberty it is impossible Tusay Wiat they May not achieve. Should to wave to hold their ground for a Tew Quot tenths Ong ii is it Likely thei ill be Tho comwfci6so of every free Ilion in Europe a Imd in such a Rase they jul Faro As Well a a the big ilium a tii e f Ench or the millions of ardent to fonts ii every part a Fiche continent who to p moment to assert to rights which god and nature gave ohm. Warsaw March 17.�? private Cor Ripoll Bce a Tho notions entertained Iti Europe respecting the forces of Russia Aio so exaggerated that 1 should almost Feir of meeting with disbelief in stating tic exact truth on the subject and without any partiality. When the insurrection broke out in Poland the russian troops herein readiness to Mardi against France and the polish army was to be employed As Tho Van Goarin. This fact has been proved by documents found in the residence of the grand Duke Constantine and cannot admit of a doubt thus prepared for an expedition of much greater importance they entered Poland in numbers Wekch according to their practice they had made appear at least double what they arc. The truth is that they com Macca operations with 80,000 infantry Valry and a great num rivalry and 400 pieces 20,000 Regula ber of i Regul of artillery. The fighting commenced on Tho 17th of february and continued until Tho 25th without interruption. Notwithstanding their great superiority in numbers Thi russians were invariably beaten. The Battles of the 19th and 25th were real scenes of carnage. Since their Entrance into Poland Tho russians would Neve fight in open country but always on tin Borders of forests into which they re entered whenever threatened will Al the Point of the Bovo Noi Jarge of cavalry. The i protected by their Artilli poles were Only Able to pieces of Cannon of info i hair immense super ii which has saved the i defeat. Had the poles i their Field of action u count re whore their to Lui and alias is with the have met no local obstruction la to which the it 100 Llibre. In Rily in Arliller asians from entire men Able to choose id to fight in Pei Ofca Valn would hav Quot would , oppose Defeated the i polish cavalry known has net yet what Are Ibi up to the prese have indeed Adt Fer cd o do so adopted by lie no Lefey t/1 Well Eri con ahle tract and Resi Ilis of the Campai it tonic the Russia danced but Thev were is in i issuance of he i poles and As the ground not disputed to Ihm there could be no great Merit in their Progress. Ali most material Resuli. For the russians a according to their own acknowledgement 30,000 killed wounded or made prised ers 58 pieces if artillery lost As Well i even ensigns Wheeli i Piave seen in h Palace of the government and Al the i Tel de Villo. Since the 25lh of february the re sians have not undertaken any thing i consequence of severe sufi rings on the memorable div during which the poles themselves had ,000 men they remained some Days ire fore Praga but they have lately abandoned that Posi Linin and have commenced their situation is no doubt Cril Ifal the it Are apprehensive of want Iliff provisions and the Means of Obi using Relief Are Dis Tant. Timeir wounded Are in want of hns pit is and of proper care and after Bhavini advanced so speedily they find it Neces sary to retrace their Steps in order to Joii inc free ton comm ionic actions Wilh Russia asians Are in Poland in the same As the fit Nch were in Only occupy the ground on which old Andlee i Listana they quit in it st them. This compels them Len every where and puts them c in fear of partial revolts which Isar to repress. Poles have a War partisans and will prosecute it Wilh the activity Whit a May be expelled in their hatred against the russians a with a desp Ernle perseverance. Already has general Wernicki at the Bead of corps of 20,01 0 Vii and Wilh 30 Pieri of artillery 27 of which lie look from ill russians completely destroyed lbs corp of their the re situation they can they Stai Leavec the of Gen. Kreutz who was opposed Lohi and carried the War into Russia. He i entered Lithuania where the pop Lalii which is nicer Hir Independence and hold the russians in As much exec i elsewhere have risen in mime of proach. Oiler partisan chiefs ready exerting themselves with audacity and Success in the palatinate of a and plock. Tho names of these intrepid men Are Godlewski Oporski bards Quot Valentin amp a. They Are All of them held in estimation by the army tend their Opi rations must Lead to important results. Lei us not think therefore that tie r have Only to appear in order to carry thing As Uliey May wish. A whole people is not to lie put Down in a hurry and a struggle for National Independence is i very different thing from a More Politica riot. The polish army is a magnificent one it is Al present composed of70,000 infantry of the line 20,000 of he finest cavalry Europe and 50,000 men armed Wilh scythes in the use of which they Are particularly expert. The whole of these forces Are perfectly equip Ted and exercised and they Are commanded by of ricers the Only essential article they Are deficient in is muskets. Let the poles be Well armed and the russians Are sure to be vanquished. It is Only arms that they ask for. Tse arrti5f�l completed itself Agai Sidra the 25th.f, All the regiments Hai their comp limits and the Are about to take the Ove. Because the Liaw which is now i ref Shin will greatly impede the action of the rusian artillery and must also Render diff Eula All Cor Amii Nic Lions with the Interior. Having Given you on account of the state of the army i shall now feay.,� few words relative to the state of he cobra pc the whole population is underarms. Old Young Rich poor Nobles peasants have All become soldiers common soldiers confounded in the same ranks All friends of the same soil and All equally ready to stand or fall for the cause which they have determined to defend. They know it is necessary to to Viquer or die to risk nil for All and they face death with a degree of enthusiasm which claims the highest admiration. Antiquity does not Ford to our notice a More Noble cause n oppressed people rising against Thi tyrants. They All hasten to offer what they possess the Fitler comes with his children and places himself along with fiem in the same regiment. Their for Unes arc placed at the disposal of the government and arc pressed upon the latter Zicconi pained by expressions of great regret that they have not More to Ive. Thi True to the letter and it would be Tho greatest possible injustice towards the persons concerned to doubt it. On my arrival in Warsaw there were about 9,000 wounded in the hospitals. All these have been under the immediate care of the principal ladies of the place who arc paying All expenses necessary for attending them amp a. As there is a great Ivan of surgeons All these ladies Are constantly attending the hospitals in person and they perform on Tho wounded All requisite Olics Wilh unceasing Zeal and Assiduity. All these ladies without any exception have sent their jewels to the Bank of Warsaw and have besides give they had by then in Linen and pro with such a profusion As to leave Many of them destitute. In order to give you an idea of the Little fear entertained Here of the russians need Only stale this fact to you that Thi paper of the Bank of Warsaw is More Cir ciliated Here even than the paper of tie Bank of England is in London As there Are notes for the value of 2s, and this paper is taken in the smallest villages throughout the kingdom Wilh the Sanit willingness As in the capital and no oni thinks of applying for value for it at ii Lank though All the notes Are Pavale to the bearer. You May judge from Thi that the people do not think they an threatened Wilh danger. I will not dwell on the cruelties committed by the russians. Your count men in the Hish st degree of Civili Zati would not believe in the possibility of the atrocities of which those Barbaric Are every Day guilty. Murder Pilla Ralie Are some of the concomitant evil it time it belonged to the catalogue by in rimless and defence Lulu not in any Wai War the russians to add t fining horrors on h less people Ivl Ricoli e jigs Ifield or excused. The conduct of the cabinets in Europe in regard to this country Sinex plea ble especially that of France. How does it happen that the French ministry main Indi Terent to the Eft urts mak�n2 hot on behalf of Franco in arresting the pro Orress of an enemy who was Marchi her Frontier the Conilues of p and us Ria is conceivable enough but Fiat Offrane in prostrating herself before the Russia n autocrat even to a greater extent than Unissia is hardly credible in Prussia the French agents and frenchmen generally who Are travelling Willi French passports Are stopped merely lie cause Thev Are suspected of being on their Way to Poland. In Austria the same rigor towards us is observed. Gen. Excelman who lately arrived Here for the purpose of taking the command of the cavalry was stopped in Austria but he is Capet and crossed Thi Vistula by swimming. Neither letter nor papers reach us. Hands have been Laid at Breslau Thorn and other towns ii Prussia on Iii Nev belonging to private individuals As Well to banking houses of ibis place. The most extraordinary system of injustice and oppression has in fact been adopted towards us on All sides. I i have written Al great length and yet i have not said one fourth of what i could say relative to a people who Art justly Enlil led to the sympathy and Admi ration of Alle rope. From the a Quot. Y. Courier and enquirer. The pirates. About 5 minutes after 12 o clock yesterday the sanguinary pirate Gibbs a we shall continue to Call him and Wensley paid that forfeit which the Law demands from those who perpetrate such crimes As they have been convicted of. Within the last three Days several clergymen attended the convicts Wilh a View of preparing them for the awful change from life to death which they were about to undergo. During the night preceding the execution several clergymen visited both the con Quot cts Aud prayed and conversed with them Alhout intermission. They severally expressed their lion of the Justice of their sentence. About a lock they were taken from the prison at Bellevue to Blackwell s Island and from thence to Weihs s Island the place of cution where they arrived about half past 9 o clock. They were immediately Brongil into the fort where they remained in prayer with the clergymen until they were brought out for execution. Tie Island was much crowded from 9 o clock until the execution look place. Tho Bay presented a very Mim ated spectacle surround led As it was hundreds of Boals of All sizes which my landed the persons who were anxious w a fitness Tho spectacle. About half past ii to Lack Gibbs and Wansley were brought lit from the port in which they in d been once they landed on Tho Island. Gibbs jews dressed in a Blue roundabout Jacko of fido the left Arm the figure of an anew or kid with White ribbon wan Quot a a Wilile Sioea frock coat White browsers and White Cap Al trimmed with Black ribbon. The convicts advanced steadily from the fort to the Gallows which was erected on the West Side of the Island about one Rod North of the i which stands there. Immediately alter they arrived at the fatal spot the rope was adjusted by or read the assistant United states marshal it was so arranged that the hanging of the pirates should take place by slinging them up instead of drawing them from a scaffold As is most Een rally done with persons hangil. Wilh this View the scaffold was erected to a height of about 13 feet from the ropes of about one Inch in diameter were passed through pulleys which were placed one in each extreme end of the top beam. To Ifeacho these ropes Pound weights the Oloc , five 50 kinds were tied Ither and the knot which bound them was placed on a Block Between Tho to outward the Centre of the Large rope a piece of rope of about five eights of an Inch in diameter of sufficient length to form a noose was suspended. About half past 11 o clock when the convicts were brought under the Gallows the smaller rope was tved loosely on their throats and almost immediately anti Gibbs who by his own request was Ati red in a Blue roundabout Linen jacket and browsers having on his left Arm an Anchor made the following address a Quot Good people who surround me Here Wilh ibis fatal Cord around my neck soon to appear before that just god whom i have so often youth 1 was on Board Sel of Var and took an oath which Athur time would seem horrible to me i kept in and was a murderer and i hopi you will All take warning by my Fate. I was born of respectable parents and received a Good education but i did not prop Erly apply those advantages however i Hope thai Irist will make my deals easy As if i died on a downy the prisoner went on to state that he Imd Beer guilty of shedding the blood of Many of Hii fellow men but without entering into any particulars. In conc Lusi Quot a he acknowledged the Justice of the sentence the penalty off Vicli hews to endure and expressed an entire Confidence in his Hopes Tiff org Ness in that world into which he was about to be launched. Soon after he had finished speaking Wansley requested one of the clergymen in attendance to sing a part of a psalm inti was of course complied with and wans Ley joined in the air together Wilh Many of the persons around him. He then pro be Edtl to address the spectators. I knowledge the Justice of his senti slated that to had lived a Long time and respect Alile family whose name we have Learned that he conformed Wilh the ceremonies of religion and put entire Confidence in his Power to Voitl All evil he warned All who were present to be diff iolent in themselves and added that although they might not be murderers Noi robbers yet they required penitence. In conclusion he prayed for Bis shipmate Gibbs and requested the prayers of All around i soon after he ceased Gibbs called physician who was in attendance and asked him in a Low tone whether he could die easier by holding in his breath breathing out. The physician advised the latter Mode. In a few seconds after Gibbs gave the signal that he was ready by dropping a handkerchief to held in his hand and immediately after Tho Deputy marshal Cut with a Sharp Hatchet the knot by which the two ropes which sustained Thi weights were attached and instantly the weights fell and the prisoners were drawn up to such a height As the length of the ropes attached to the weights permitted Wansley cd tired to exist in about one minute. His Veight in is supposed served to shorten his agony. He appeared to suffer but Little bodily pain As when the rope tvs about to be Cut he clasped his hands As if in the attitude of prayer and they remained so till he was Cut Down. Gibbs remained perfectly stil for about one minute after he had became suspended but he then began to struggle violently he raised hands up although his arms were pinioned be hints so As to push the Cap he wore from Bis Mouth and he evidently endeavoured to assist his breathing he of forwards raised his viands so As to open his lips All this evidently with the Inlet of following the physician s advice. He continued to struggle about 5 or g min Tes and then ceased to exist. After the bodies had continued hanging about three quarters of an hour they were it Doivan and conveyed to Tho medical College for dissection. Or. Brower the sculptor took a cast from the countenance of each. Yesterday morning before Gibbs left the prison the woman confined in the same prison with whom he was intimate it liver Pool was admitted to see him by her own request. These erased greatly affected and both embraced each other very the fort on Ellis Island the boy Daws who is now employed in the Navy Yard at Brooklyn and who is dressed in Tho u. S. Uniform had an interview Wilh each of the convicts. Lioy him some sound advice which it is loped. To will follow. He Shook hands with both immediately before they were executed but he Seo ined Little moved by their situation. When brought out from the fort and while Gibbs was speaking Wansley trembled very much so that it necessary to support him but lifter his mind got engaged in the psalms he re Rcd his self Possession. Iblis betrayed no Marks of terror although it was evident he shrunk from death. When first brought out he surveyed the Gallows Wilh an anxious Eye but seemed satisfied that there was no Means of avoiding his Fate. Wheeling a apbil20. Another morning about 9 o clock while theste Malmat Tricolour Captain drown was about getting under weigh from the Landing at Liis place her boiler exploded and threw its scalding con Tenor Forward. Capt. Drown and a number of others who were on the fore part of he boat were All swept overboard. Eight persons have lost their lives by the immediate effects of the explosion or by drowning. Eight others were scalded very severely and one of them dangerously. The body of the Captain has been found. The boiler was an old one repaired four years ago and the explosion is imputed by the Engineer to the omission of several bolts or rivets which were left out in making the repairs. With a boiler eighteen years old of defective workmanship this disaster must be chargeable to others rather than to the Engi the following is believed to be an accurate list of the sufferers Captain drown dead Oliver b. Not land 2d Engineer mis sing Joseph Whistler deck hand do Cherry fireman do Rihl Nev i Levi Stewart of Wheeling do Ben. Stewart coloured Man of do. Do coloured fireman name unknown do Calvin Marvin passenger badly scalded and leg shattered. J. Fields passenger scalded not dangerous William railed deck hand do do Nathan Day fireman do do James Brown fireman do do Absalom Scott fireman do do John Mcclean Printer of Wheeling and John Mattox a passenger on the Mountaineer standing on the wharf at the time of the explosion were Bith severely scalded but not in danger. Several others who were standing at the same place narrowly escaped. A the Groton Monument erected in memory of the storming of fort Griswold con. Has been completed. It stands on the top of he Hill near the old fort opposite the Centre of new London 130 feet alive tide water. The foundation is 24 feet Square of Massy Granite blocks Vith split faces each 3 feet High and weighing 5 or b ions. The die is 22 feet Square 17 feet High of Granite with an Enta blame. On ibis is raised a Square obelisk 20 feet base 92 feet High and 10 feet at lop of Large and rough faced Granite in regular Cours. Is. A t Trio Summit is a look out Wilh an Iron railing and a conical skylight of Glass which lights the Interior through which is a Stair Case of 168 Stone Steps. The View on three sides is unobstructed by any near Eminence and is very Fine and e.\tensive. The following inscription is placed Over the door which is on the Westside Quot this Monument was erected under the patronage of he Anno Domini 1830 and in the 55th year of the Independence of the United states of a Merica in Honor of the Brave patriots who fell in the massacre of fort Griswold near this spot on the 6th of september a. D. 1781 when the British soldiers under the command of the traitor Benedict Arnold Burnt the towns of new London and Groton and spread desolation and woe throughout this on the South Side is inscribed the 18lh Erse of he 5lh chapter of judges Quot Zeb Ilon and Napthali were a people that jeep added their lives a Nothe death in the High places in the beneath this Are the names of col. Ledyard and his companions. We derive these particulars from the new London adv. The last Canada Star has the follow ing sensible comment on the late resignations Quot upon Tho whole we think the country must approve of ibis bold original and decided measure of pre,9ident Jackson in re organizing his Cabinet and removing Tho causes of embarrassment in the administration of the up Julio business grow ing out of he Tomfor finale variance in Tho old ounce. Ifor. Adams had taken a similar step by removing from the office of the Secretary of slate or. Clay when to fought the Duel with a senator Quot within sight of the presidential mansion it might have fended much to have Fireng theorod his cause in the country. -. , Are a Iho state of new York five thousand and ninety one professional of or soils viz1,742 practising attorney ,j,300 Clit i Quot Hymen and 2,549 physicians. In a

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