Page 1 of 26 Jun 1846 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Democrat in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana Democrat (Newspaper) - June 26, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana Robbison 4c Spann Blake s buildings up lairs opposite Browning s Washington Hall. Terms of subscription. $2 00 per year fora Ingle copies if pm ii in 50 if paid Witlin Sil Mollia. $3 00 if payment be delayed the end Luhs Crifase ,$l50e at 25 where five be. And pay within Date of bub Cripi for the year or Bri Mcra. Clisba of Twenty at Ono Pojl of ii each if paid in Advance. Clubs of fifty subscribers will be supplied with 52 numbers or a year thus counted for $40 Quot terms of advertising. Advertisements at one Dollar per Square of 250 Ems equal 12 lines for the first three weeks Twenty five cents for each additional insertion. Advertisements of a Square three months of five dollars. Please Pav your own states. Speech of or. Cass Inch sen ii a a be 1, 18460n the Bill Proi for the Protection of american settlers m the c gon territory. The honorable senator the Rece in. Beju. 1714, showing that commissaries were appointed for settling the Trade Between England and France and he deduces from that entry the conclusion that commissaries were probably appoint at the same time carry into of acct the Tell article of the treaty of str kit which relates limits there is necessity make this a matter of deduction. We have better evidence on the subject which have before referred and which i will refer again it is the statement of father Charlevoix the celebrated Mveller and historian of the French settlements it America who was sent this continent by tin Frenchi government Eipl Oro and describe then possessions. He says Quot the negotiations Between the boundaries ceased although comi appointed on Boih sides Ever sin and this is corroborated if the s it Man As Charlevoix needs Corro Boral Sofnis who says that there does not written record nor in any maps or charts a Bingo document showing thit these frontiers the Bonneda Ries under the treaty of utrecht Ever were definite la and in 1722, All in 0 courts for the Saries had been the year 1719. Events of such a by de Lely �1, this subject had been abandoned according father Charlevoix that not the least pretext might be Given violate the Good understanding which it had been found difficult establish Between the two crowns of France and England. The archives of the office of foreign affairs contain Chart or memorial relating the treaty of str Ecol regarding these fron. Tiers nor those of tie Denarl ment of Flarine and thus the assertion of Charlevoix is fully there is doubt of the appointment of commis Saries. There is doubt they met and commenced their diplomatic discussions. Pray Eli were probably received and interchanged. And perhaps the Discor. Dance among the historians which 1 Jiava Lecody cats i repeat sir. What 1 said on a former adverted arises from their re Irence t my final Saido occasion the asian i not presume speak dogmatically on subject. It is my opinion from proofs before me t line was finally set cd under the treaty of Echt. This opinion i am ready change when. Str Ecol. Ever the present evidence is changed More satisfactory. Quot 1 honorable senator says that when the Cele possessions in America. I ice in lie try of i have Only say sir that i have already declared War against one red lined i shall is against another it will time enough determine when i see it and Ine the circumstances com far. Sir this discussion respecting boundaries of utrecht has practical bearing Ilion before us but the senator now under the treat Ries la Isles of the Rock mountains a Pesi Tion not before assumed and wbk a a fest wished Wil who carries the line upon the parallel of 49 Deg. the Northwest Ocean. The senator says indie de that Jeffreys does but the quotation he introduces from that author does not support this View. He seems attach much importance this authority Mitch indeed that i shall Stop a moment Quot Thomas Jeffreys esq.,&Quot As stated by the senator was Quot geographer is Roll Kig nets the Prince of he Vas a pro Ceil map maker and he wrote a work published in 1760, entitled Quot history of the French dominions in North and South the senator says Quot he takes credit himself for making it the line of d Anville More favourable the French than the French had made it for what changes be made or Ripon what principles Are not shown. The remark is not calculated increase our estimate of his accuracy. The senator says that Quot the latitude of 49 Deg. the Western Ocean is his limit of the British i will not assert that there is any mistake Here for i cannot infer the Book quoted by the senator but if the extract he gives contains Alt that Jeffreys says upon the subject it certainly does not justify the construction thus Given it. Jeffreys As quoted says speaking of the line Quot beginning at Davis s Inlet on the East coast of Labrador or new brim in in the latitude of about 56 degrees and drawing with it a curve ice Rahily a very Previte let Cristion of an important Boundary through the Lake Abi ibis Down the 49th Deg. Of North latitude from thence he continued the Northwest Ocean As it was settled by commissioners under the treaty of Here is continuance upon the parallel of 49 Deg. But a continuance without describing the course after stating the parallel. If however Jeffreys intended assert that the line followed the parallel of 49 Deg., he is at War with himself and utterly unworthy of Confidence. In his work published seven yrs afterwards in 1760, which 1 have already referred he says Quot Canada according Tho English accounts is bounded North by the Highlands which separate it from the country about Hudson s Bay Quot its h mils Kowanis tie West extend Over countries and National hitherto Here is neither 49. Nor the Northwest Ocean. But still further. In this work is a map of North America exhibiting the boundaries Between the British and French possessions. And upon this map is a line which commences in the Hudson s Bay regions and runs thence about Northwest perhaps 1 9 Miles nearly in the latitude of 49 Deg. Theno northerly on a curvilinear course a Point North of 46 Deg., and about North from the West end of Lake Superior where that part of the map stops. It is a line which evidently follows the Highlands As stated above by Jeffreys because with one exception in divides the Waters running North from those running South. And it is thus ii marked Quot Bounds of Hudson s Bay by the trealy of Douglas carries the line West and that expression might he rendered consistent with its tar the limit of the British territory in that direction Quot of win Quot a Over this matter sir but i will take the Liberty of adverting the synopsis of Tho considerations connected with it which i submitted the Senate on a former occasion 1. It is not shown that any line was established on the parallel of the Pacific Ocean. 2. The country on the Northwestern coast was then Tinli Nown and i believe unclaimed or at any Rale circuit stances had Arisen Call in question any claim it. 3. The Brit Ash negotiators in 1818, and their minister hero in 1814, fixed upon the voyage of Captain Cook in 1773, As the commencement of the British Litlo what is now called Oregon. 4. The treaty of utrecht provides for the Esteb Between the British and French Louie including Tho Hudson Bay company. The Briti eur tit hmm West of the con pan s possessions which by flip Charters include i Only the "iin<r,.o a nil Ander Viloria Quot on Tho Waters run Quot Safe nov Raia binned this line the Pacific Odesm Ehen a have claim South of it and this a a a a com item becomes conclusive. At i two ibis ragtime it my or. Atchison it Whoso re Naiu an Oregon the Senate Unea ii with pleasure d England claim the Aoi Mut the Pacific As As Divide it Between them in i when a late a 1790, the British meat in the Otilta Titi Nolton express by in. Quot 7. Nook sound a North of latitude 49/ if Thi Linin tinder the meaty of utrecht Eua Babei that Anile As him out Lien Hoo daiy of the but Sam a Mim Thweat happened Quot that in the of 1790, Between spam and England this conclusive fact was never adverted by one party not by the other 1 strange indeed Liat decisive a consideration should have escaped the observation of the Spanish statesmen and still More strange that it should have escaped the which the subject Unfer went in in British House of commons by Pitt and Fox and the other master spirits of that Day. The controversy could not have existed if this i very had been then made. would this question stand if party the treaty of utrecht or a. Any arrangement made by France and England for the Mesiab ashment of a line Between their Fesper chive territories. But the fact is that any such arrangement fur Tho partition of the country West of Thelt Ocky mountains was impossible from the Cir. Cum stances of the times Ond from the position of those three Powers. The t rated the Long and bloody i placing i s grandson Philip i u in thethis Spain. France and Spain were closely and had fought the War together. They were allies and the enemies of Enol air a. The Spanish jealousy of that and of the following age respecting the Spanish possessions especially those upon the Pacific a swell known and at that time other Power interposed an Adverse claim that Region. It Pisut. Terry incredible that in Sucha state of things. France would consent the Extension of the Binish possessions the Northwest const and least of All that she would make herself a party such a flagrant act of injustice. In was nol a single Kiealy of utrecht which put on end the War. There were different treaties formed. The one Between France and England was a treaty of peace and also for a treaty or the regulation of Commerce and for the establishment of boundaries. That Between Spain and England was a trealy of peace and Commerce. Only and contained stipulations respecting Boun Dary. An Effort by France and England Divide the country upon tie Northwest coast Between them would have been resisted by Spain As an act of War. Instead of any such Etiore this pretension of la in right appropriate themselves a country in. Known them now seriously asserted in the american Senate has been unrevealed the world till called into existence at this late Day and announced y about limits in a Region a hich neither France nor England had explored and foot of which i they never Laid claim. one Oiler topic and then while i was Happy Isaiall briefly abandon this i int he differs essentially from. D proposes a course which it seems Ronly impolitic and unusual but which a loss of one half present s regretted most important Poi the president and in me is not Only in 11 necessarily Lead Tho loss of one half of the dispute and May Lead a division of the other half lie president proposes the assertion of r jurisdiction Over Oregon the honorable Sena a proposes its assertion Over Only about Onemo Elj Oregon. This is a fundamental difference which. Argument can reconcile. The extent of the Ore a a n of the president is known All of us. It is the same Oregon which excites such deep Soli elude among the american people. It is bounded North. Letter the British minister dated july 12, 1845. It is the same Oregon which is claimed by the British and Over which they have extended their jurisdiction. But the Oregon of the honorable senator slops at 49 line dividing what Nei. Ther nature nor political rights destined ton division. And Why sir t Why does Tho honorable senator in opposition the repeated declarations of the. And Tho Strong feelings old people erect a Barrier upon the Paral. Lei of 49, saving. Thus far you May come but farther 1 Why does he insist upon n legislative annunciation which while it could not give us the country that parallel would forever deprive us of Sll Hope of the country beyond i if this question is placed upon the ground of expediency and if that artificial line upon the surface of the Globe is assumed As a reasonable line of Compromise reason. Ble because dividing the country in two nearly equal parts and because it has been several times offered by the american government the British government As a limit of Concession then i find fault with those who take this View of the matter and who propose thus terminate the controversy. He who believes that both parties have an equal title the territory in question or that any obligation is crested by offers of Compromise heretofore made and rejected May Well look upon Tho parallel of 49 Deg. As a just and equitable line of partition. I repeat 1 find fault Wilh ibis View of the matter. Bit this is not the View of the senator from Missouri. Re Tays the Paramel of 49 Deg. In be line of right Quot re a Tilting from the treaty of a a thus Quot says the senator Quot the line of right is the Best for both &.c. Quot forty nine the line of right with because it was utrecht. If not thus 1113 111, line i right. And he who seeks Ublish it roust prove it. Let the honorable senator prove it. I submit him if the Loose and contradictory notices he has brought Forward Ore sufficient proofs of the existence of a great line of National demarcation under any circumstances and still less under existing circumstances contradicted is they Are by the highest considerations and by the most respectable authorities. I submit him whether it is Wise Stop his country s pretensions without the most Irra Fragalle evidence that his country is wrong. Is there such evidence ? the senator refers again be Progress of this negotiation and invokes the of or. Jefferson Antof or. Madison As Indi be of their opinion. 1 shall not Gol Over this ind Only recalling that All this was before the Florida treaty and before Tho discovery of the error respecting the line of utrecht. Our right have since then been extended by Purchase Ond made known by Correct historical investigations. The senator says Quot it is the line of right resulting from the treaty of utrecht and As such always looked in the Early stages of this controversy both by american and British statesmen As in ultimate basis of settlement and Boundary Between Tho Quot it is the line of All the american statesmen without except. Lion Twenty and forty years sir Here is a great error and i am going a and Why is this the line of right 1 established by the treaty of it rec established it is line of right. At i Provo that _. I the Merit Ity and forty years ago. Nay More sir. One of the s going prove it was not the line of the senator himself. And he has Given proof by Long years of ices of his right the title of an eminent =.Man. The task is an easy one. the Taw the Letti Monu. I the very list negotiation in 1818, upon this act after the War and before Tho acquisition of Florida in the statement of the claims of the United slates. Messes. Rush and Gallatin Quot did not assert that the United states had a perfect right the itry but insisted that their claim was olt Eul Russia Asi have already s Hown a Hai the Aralles of 51 be our Northern Boundary Quot Rush in ,. Adorns for Tho United states Quot in their own right and As their absolute and exclusive sovereignty Tho whole country West of the Rocky mountains from the 42d degree at least As far up As the 51st degree of North he says likewise in the same communicate that Quot Tho claims of the United suite above the 60 de6.-Ckimsaa Well in their would henceforth r Tion from forming port of the american the title of Spain the course of the discussion remarks Quot it was Cleur by the treaty of Paris of 1763, her territorial rights those of great Britain were Boun Deil West by the it a not among the least remarkable incidents of this remarkable controversy that in the american Senate the existence of this line Eten West of the by mountains is Remp Torilyn asserted that Sll a who Bat doubt Call for evidence Are parties s jilt Pend re a pid dle Lane resell it which Spreat is from clerk in the department of stale this dignified body having organs big and Little. Happily for the truth of Futory Quot it now Dies Quot says the honorable senator Quot the death of the and yet the two governments who conduct and Are responsible for the negotiation totally discredit and disregard ibis line not Only by a most contemptuous silence leaving it out of the discussion but by asserting pretensions utterly inconsistent with its existence. Many a weapon has recoiled Ted Many an anticipated Victory has been turned into a defeat. King print is not the Only Man whose Spear fell without effect the Lumae Ilelle sine ictus Conje Cit. Quot lec not him that Virdeth on his Armor boast As he that Putteti it on the 18th of August 1842, the honorable senator from Missouri delivered a speech in this body on the subject of the Ashburton treaty in which he entered at some length into the consideration of our title Oregon. In that speech he slated that the line of 49 Deg. Was established by the treaty of utrecht As a line Between France and England and that we As the successors of France were entitled the Benefit of it against England. He did not at All consider this line us limiting us the North for he expressly says that Quot in Trout giving tis what acc were entitled by the right of discovery and As the successors of Spain it would still take from great Britain All she wanted Quot Quot Nootka is in latitude 50, being four degrees North of Llie Columbia Ond that degree did Spain assert and maintain her title against Ireal Britain in 1790. But this was not Tho extent of that right. A Ainet the British she is soiled it the whole extent of the coast against the russians. Uie Only real Wilh ourselves in that Quarter Lali Lude 55.&Quot-wnat becomes of the Btl Tosh now f this is certainly going Jam up or i not certainly know Well what jamming is. Quot thus As claiming from Spain our title is Good against England throughout the whole coast against Russia latitude 55.&Quot Quot our Tille is Clear that of the British null. She sets up none that is Slie states derivation of it there is not a paper upon the face of the Earth in which a British minister has stated a title or oven a claim. They have Endea Vered obtain the country by the acis of diplomacy but have never stated a Tille. Nor Ever can state a Quot . Sir . Greit Britain relies on her own Budi City. And our mercantile love of peace. Hor title is her will and her on the 2d of february 1843, the honorable senator in a debate upon Tho Oregon Bill says Quot i Grant that great Britain will take offence at us but that is not the question Wilh me. Has she a right take offence ? that is my question and that being decided in the negative i neither fear nor calculate Quot courage will head her off. Fear will bring Hor upon us. The assertion of our rights will command her respect the fear assert them will bring us her in a speech in the Senate on the 12th if january 1843, the honorable senator said Quot As a fact that treaty the Nootka sound treaty nullifies All British claim on the Northwest coast As a Law if not abrogated by Warit would still confine them the Pursuit of Hunting and fishing. The treaty of 1019, by which we acquired All Spanish title North of 42 Deg., has Given us All the benefits of the Nootka sound treaty both As a fact and As a Law and tested by either the British Are excluded from the Northwest coast of America for All the purposes of settlement or now sir i thank the honorable Senar because he does not get angry with us fifty four forties. It is not for me re these views with the position he now occupies. I confess i am too simple Quot or that. And though i take the nostrum recommended by him and and rub my eyes and rtt again i am still encompassed with darkness visible. I suppose it is because i cannot distinguish Between things and words. On the 27lh May 1827, or. Gallatin announced the British commissioners a fact i have already referred but which i must again introduce in this connexion even at the Hazard of repetition that his government did not hold itself bound hereafter in consequence of any proposal which it had made for a line of separation Between the territories of the two nations West of the Rocky mountains but could consider itself at Liberty contend in their fullest extent for the claims of the United states Quot if this docs not mean that Tho preceding offers of 49 and 61 dog. Wore offers of Compromise claiming less than we were entitled then language has lost its Force or i my Power comprehend it. In Tho session of Congress of 1827-1828, a Bill was reported in Tho House of representatives asserting our jurisdiction 64 40. On the Soth of August 1846, the american Secretary of state in a Ile Patch the British minister says Quot upon the whole from the most careful examination which the underage Ned has been Able bestow upon the subject he is sat fied that the Spanish american life nov held by the United states embracing the whole territory Between the parallels of 42de iec8, and 54 degrees 40 minutes a the beat Tille in existence this euro Region Quot now sir who has a right say that 6inbb 1818, any one administration of the american government or any member of that government has considered the parallel of 49 Deg. As the extreme Northern limit of our claim it is obvious that a the senator from Missouri in some remarks ily following this speech elated that this n respecting the British Utie had reference respect Natl the Valley Ole Colombia while i accompany the extract Wilh this limitation As an act of Justice i May he permitted remark that it Doea at All effect the conc Lalona Al which i anive.,. Senator taunted a a postulate that the Paramel ifsits sri the Ofui liar Iii Quot n a i jew 3 nullified a line of rigid Ai it a mtg smog s4 Deg. 40 minor any Diatana Benyani. That line has been offered As a line of con Promise of Concession of conciliation and not recognized As an existing bound Well then sir we claim North of 49 Deg. We May differ in our estimate of the nature of this claim and of the strength of our title. some it May appear Clear As justify our assertion of it As a Boundary at All hazards. While others it May appear doubtful and a proper subject for negotiation and Compromise. I not object this. But i object and strenuously too any attempt on the part the Senate discredit this claim whatever it May be. It seems be unwise impolitic indeed unconstitutional if not dangerous. The executive in his negotiations with a foreign government for the settlement of a great question of Boundary asserts our title a Given limit. The matter is sub Lite settled by the pen or by the sword. Does it become Congress Moke a formal declaration for such in fact the proposition of Tho honorable senator amounts that 49 Deg. Is our Northern Boundary and that the president and his predecessors have demanded More than we Are entitled 1 for in is obvious that when the senator propose establish the Boundary by treaty but that till it is established Tho parallel of 49 Deg. Shall be regarded As our Northern limit All Tho country the North is Ai once abandoned. England comes 4i Deg. By our act and a proposal for Compromise will be for her in effect a proposal Divide the Region the South. Or far she is sure. She has the Best of the bargain for we begin by ceding Hei one half of Tho territory without the highest consideration on her part. The Lisp Silion of the other half must abide its. Not the this is it their affairs should form but Wisdom of the a if land Shottis a by saying his land i Quot irk t other had Al in Nodi of excl limits Linch men con ate life. We estimate of the Liming a tract a controversy ,1, this whole but i will begin by yielding be half of it. Now let us Rake a Compromise for the it the proposition of the Sei if i understand him is be a legis ultimatum. It is a direct Interne Wilh the functions. I better leave the matter where the c tuition has left and where it can be better managed than by con ression Tererence. But what could be gained by this Cours in Denny circumstances England claim an undivided Moiety of the Oregon Terri tory. If Ive appropriate ourselves the whole country South of 49 Deg., without her consent we Are just As sure have a contest with her As if we extended our jurisdiction North of that line. We should place ourselves in better position by this act of Concession. It would be Madi equally without considerate Benefit. By the assert for jurisdiction within whates forcibly evict England from her possessions and let it be the whole we equally interfere with her must negotiate or come into Contact. And if we Are come into Contact let it for the whole. What englishman discredits n English claim during the Progress if this whole controversy Man in England Doubis the title of England. He May be prepared Compromise but while he Doea this he compromises his opinion by Concession. He claims 4� Deg. But if he agrees retire across the Columbia River he does in a spirit of moderation we May draw lessons of Wisdom and patriotism too from other nations. My own sentiments Are known. I desire logo 64 Deg. 40 min., and i should prefer the Bill with that specific Boundary. But i would accept it with indefinite limits leaving the whole adjustment the president. If the amendment of the senator prevails i shall vote against mexican army. By Waddy Thompson. The mexican army and More particularly their cavalry May very Well Quot ight each other but in any conflict with Lur own or european troops it would not a Btu but a Massaer. Frederick the great who was the aut Lior in a great degree of the modern system of tactics had three maxims As cavalry. First that a cavalry corps should never be charged upon but should always make the charge. Second that in a charge of cavalry they were not going fast enough unless when halted the froth from the Mouth of the horse struck the rider in Tho face and third which is rather the summing up of the first two that the Spur was More important than the sword. In other words that Tho impulse and somen Tum of Tho horse was of More consequence than Tho arms and blows of. Tho rider. What then must be Tho murderous inequality Between a corps of american cavalry and an e Ual number of mexicans the american corps from the Superior size of their horses would Covi twice As much ground and the obstruct Tion offered by the mexicans on their Small and scrawny ponies would scarcely Causa their horses stumble in Riding Over them say nothing of the inequality of the men themselves five one at least in individual combats and twice that in Battle. Tho infantry would be found even More not think that the mexican men have much More physical strength the women. They Are generally of Dimin Tive stature wholly labor or exercise of May kind and As a conclusive proof of their inferiority our own indians 1 will mention the fact that frequent incursions Are made into the Interior of Mexico by marauding bands of comanches who Levy Black mail an extraordinary extent upon the Northern provinces of Mexico. In is not unusual for bands of a Hundred comanches thus the penetrate several Hundred Miles into Mexico and carry off As Many horses cattle and captives As they choose there Are not less than five thousand mexicans at this time slaves of the comanches a and of All our Western tribes the comanches Are the most cowardly the delawares frequently whip them five one. The soldiers of the mexican army arc generally collected by sending out re. Cruising detachments into the mountains where Uliey Hunt the indians in their Dens and caverns and bring them in chains Mexico scarcely a Day passes on which droves of these miserable and More than half naked wretches Are nol seen thus chained together and marching through the steels the Barracks where they Are scoured and then dressed in uniform made of Linen cloth or of Serge and Are Occas Mcnally drilled which consists in teaching Vliem March through the streets. Their military bands Are Good and the men learn March indifferently Well by Only indifferently Well they put their Fec Down of if feeling for the place and not step with that Jaunty erect and Graceful air which is Beautiful in Well drilled troops. As the Wheeling of Well drilled troops or prompt and exact execution of other evolutions they a nothing about them. There is nol one in ten of these soldiers who have Ever seen a gun nor one in a Hundred who has Ever fired one before they were brought the Barracks. In is in this Way that the ranks of the array Are generally filled up in particular emergencies the prisons Are thrown open which always contain More prisoners than the army numbers and these felons become soldiers and some of them officers. Their arms too Are generally worthless English muskets which have been condemned and thrown aside and Are purchased for almost nothing and sold the mexican government. Their powder too is equally As bad in the last Battle Between Santa Anna and busta Mente which lasted the whole Day nut one Cannon Ball in a thousand reached the enemy they generally fell about half Way Between the opposing armies. What would they think of such fights As we had on the Northern lines when Miller stormed the English Battery or when in the language of Gen. Brown Quot general Jessup showed himself his friends in a Sheet of i nol think that the mexicans Are deficient in courage or it might be More properly said that they Are indifferent danger or the preservation of a life which is really worthless the most of them. But Wilh the disadvantages which i have adverted the Reader will nol be surprised that in the conflicts Wilh our people in which they have been More or less engaged for the last thirty years they have always been t you it. When a clique of warm friends want you Start a paper Forward a particular set of views and Promise you a Large Quantity of Fortune and Home be gained in the undertaking Don t you in. When you have any business transact Wilh a modern financier and he asks you logo and Dine with him Don t you in. Should you happen catch yourself whistling in a printing office and the compositors Tell you whistle louder Don t you it. If on on Odd occasion your wife should Iclain you Quot now Tumble Over the Cradle and break your Nick Quot a Don t you it. When a horse kicks you and you feel Strong disposition kick the horse in return Don t you it. When you Are shining very expeditiously round town in search of some body Ith something Over who can assist you la a loan and yet Are suddenly anticipated by somebody who wants borrow of you Don t you it. When you Are offered a great bargain the value of which you know nothing about but which you arc get at half Price Quot being As it s you Quot a Don t you when a Young lady catches you alone and lays violent eyes on you expressing pop Quot in every glance Don t you it. When a next door neighbor comes requesting the loan of your morning paper just As you have set Down read it of it by All Means always lend your newspaper. Sane rung. By a Friend who has just resumed from Missouri we learn that considerable excitement existed in Tho Northern part of that state owing an attempt Bein made carry ammunition the mexican government from the United states. The circumstances Are bout As follows Quito an extensive caravan had taken up the line of March towards Santa pc under the command of a jew and on their departure it was suspicion de that All was not right. Sufficient proof that they were a band of smugglers had not been obtained until Tho caravan had proceeded some considerable distance on their Way their destination. The fact however was ascertained and two companies of horsemen have followed the scamps anti will doubtless overtake them As they travel with of it land stealer the Houston Star tells the following Story a Small party of a noes were met near the Trinity a few Days ago by some traders and Tho indians exhibited a Gold watch a Surveyor s Chain and a broken Surveyor s Compass which they called a land stealer. The traders endeavoured learn from them where they obtained these articles but in vain. The chief of the Wackes said that none of them had shed the blood of while men for Many months. It is supposed that lice articles were captured at the deserted Camp of col. Wallace who with a party of eight men was met by a party of Indi ans High up on the Guadaloupe about two months ago compelled desert Bis Camp and flee the Settle Mehls. One of the indians bad taken off the dial of the Walch and stuck it in his hair As an ornament. They expressed great Abhorrence for the land stealer and Seemel attribute it Many most mischievous qualities. The indians on our Frontier seem regard the Surveyor s Compass As a kind of Talisman that is invariably attended by an evil Genius. A few years since a party of lilians that had captured a Compass near Gonzales broke it pit Ces and then As if they feared that its fragments might still them an injury they sunk in in the among quakers. The London Globe Stales As n fact deduced from the results of reports from the Hospital for the insane that Tho proportion of insane among the quakers of England and Scotland is much larger than prevails among Tho rest of the Community. The same paper assigns the great Nee in mailers of or this is productive of and extreme distress when Back sliding occur the. Violence of thai impression passes into insanity. This is Tho More readily produced because Tho conduct of each member is much under the cognizance of All. 2. The limitation of the mind few objects by which science Art and recreation Are nearly excluded. Thus the Pursuit of wealth is a principle object and generates a morbid activity in this respect while from the the same cause the members of the society he constant straining after ind Epen ence either marry not at All or nol till late in life. This with their strict Observance in life Ond frequent intermarriage Are powerful causes of mental derangement. Following causes liveliness of cons diary morality the keenest remt a new and Val Nablo Law Book. L i it a Rili in Lile by relating the lows in Isles. 2a-3m and con actions cognizable in justices. Of Indiana Wilh practical forms by w. W. Wick and l Barbour attorneys at c. A Savis and w. A. Day amp . I.vni.i5�, i.nd., feb. 17, 181g. Centt emn i have looked through the volume you Seni me. Of a treatise on the Law relative Tho Oiver and duties of justices of the Peart and constables. In actions cognizable in justices Quot courts in the Siale of Indiana by w. W. Wick Ond l. Barbour and am very forcibly impressed with its general correctness and consequent value the Public and specially Wilh that portion of it that Treau of Tho operation of our Relief Laws upon contracts Ond Tho bearing of Llie decisions of the supreme court of Tho unite Stales upon that important question in which i fully concur with Beaul Gorsof the work. Ishall place it in my Library for reference As being one the very Best works of the kind yet publishes. Very truly. Ii. Ray i Lucy w. U Divisi Day publishers. Mrous. March 16th, inc. Messes. Davis t Day Gilt earn i Bavec tily looked through the treatise by Wick and Barbour just publish by you in relation the Powers and duties of justices of the a peace and constables and embracing a variety of useful matter not i Quine within the Ordinary scope of such a work. The Law seems Lobo Laid Down with clearness and accuracy. The citations Are numerous and Tho order and method of the whole work Are excellent. It cannot but prove a valuable instructor for All such or Icera an economical guide every Man of business and even the practical attorney will often find his labors yours very truly Jas. Kinta Sapolis March 9lh, 1816. Genli Enten Klespe Etiny Tho treat quote of . Wick and Barbour Rel along the Powers and duties of justices of the peace and constables i am of opinion that in is a most valuable work and should be in Tho hands of every Justice in Indiana and that All classes of our citizens would be much profited by a careful perusal of it. The Utility of the Book will be More apparent magistrate As Well on account of Tho great number and variety of indispensable forms As of the statutory and other references hardly elsewhere be found indicating the whole Law in almost every class of action coming before justices of the peace in Indiana. Yours truly. Messes. Davis Day. We. Sullivan. , March 1st, 1846. Genat men a have examined the treatise respecting the Powers and duties of jus Licea of the peace amp a. Written by mess. Wick and Barbour and recently published by you. It Isa work. I am confident that will be found exceedingly useful in justices 1 Hope it w messes. D. Ill be liberally Potro Niimd. Irsic. Isaac Blackford. Vis amp Day. Letters of at ministration on the estate of Anderson Murphy Lato of the county of Marion and state of Indiana deceased have been granted Tho undersigned by the clerk of the pro Eale court of said county. All persons indebted said estate Are required make immediate payment and those living claims against it will present them duly authenticated for settlement. The estate in Quot Quot Jacob Roberts adm t. 6, 1846. 39w3administrator s notice. Notice is hereby Given that the undersigned will expose Sale at Public auction on wed Neslav the eighth Day of july Neit at the late residence of Anderson Murphy late of the county Marion decease in All the personal property of the said. Deceased consisting of horses cattle farming ten Quot a a a 0sets of Housa Airous other a _. Wed upon Pur lasers giving a note with Good Security for Tho Mouat and payable without any Relief from value Ion or appraise tent in june 6, iw6. Is household furniture Corly Carpenter and Joiner s tools and t a Jea. A Liberal credit will be a Jacob Roberts adv 39w3 n notice. Oti Ceis hereby give Thule Tienor admins Ere granted Tbs under a Ned on the Robein solve a Bale of ibo Pera Al pc tar of the could Consi Aigin port of a Waggon and Hamas Horjes and cattle we take place on the 8th july at the late residence of the _ 39w3 Joshua Stevens adv. Notice hereby Given that Lett Enol Alminia ration were x grannies the undersigned on the a Tate of Ben Maroin Atherton Lata of Marion con nov state of Indiana deceased. 411 Pena indebted the estate will Loae make trave Diate pavane it and those having claims will present them Dulor authentic stud. Hollow Ware. T arge kettles Fon. Skilled Tini Ldar a amp a. At a or ,

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