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Indianapolis Indiana Democrat (Newspaper) - June 12, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana Robbison amp Spann Blake s buildings up stairs apposite Browning s Washington Ball. Terms of subscription. A 00 per year for single Copio if paid in and. 50 if paid within 8il Mon $3 00 if Para onto delayed where five Pel ind pay within a Tanbi scrip. For the year Lach if a Itiba of fifty Euba crib i-2 uni Nara or a be Idof t sons subscribe the first Nin Ion $1 50 each 2 numbers. It at Ono Post of acc at Tyda thus c Vili be supplied wit de for $401. Terms of advertising. Ems equal to 12 Twenty five com advertise men five dollars. Please pay to e Dollar be Postag i from the new York journal of Commerce. United states and Mexico. Tho Quot state of War Quot a Olimi so unexpectedly to the government and people of Tho United Stales we have become involved with Mexico naturally suggest two leading inquiries Viz 1. How did to get into it Liose fault is it who began it 2. How Are we to get out by the Bolc door or front or How us to shall i so far As 2 latter for Chieny mex the Endeavor to answer at this i our limits permit reserving another Opportunity. The Remote causes of to rightly apprehend them arc ican spoliation and the Texas. The spoil actions occurred chiefly Between the year 1b31, when a treaty of Commerce and navigation was concluded Between Trio two countries and 1837. American citizens who relying upon the Protection of this treaty engaged in Commerce with Mexico or settled within its limits to conduct their lawful business were in numerous instances deprived of their personal Liberty and plundered of their property by Tho m ties whilst of our country was say nothing of pen tonal insults Tho of the Washington us tent of the Depre Dat is the lulled. Openly it Nal outrages or a lowing schedule from on will show the sex the i final la on commit it Rich Mil 3,336,��37 05 1,147,589 55 of the co april 1839, is the claims referred to the i Pire upon a disagreement by Wei the american and mexican to missioners but which were not cited by him. Amount of claims submitted the Board Loo late to to Conidi i according to Tho estimate of 1 claimants themselves. Amount of 17 claims filed in l Depan ment of state since the a mourn rant of the Board Accordi to the estimate of the claim i themselves total $7,439,594 34 together with eleven other claims filed since that period on which the claimants have placed no estimate. Of this seven and a half millions which an impartial estimate might perhaps reduce to five nothing has Ever been paid except three out of Twenty Quarter yearly instalments into which the first of the above items 82,026,139 68 was divided together with some interest. It would be tedious to detail the endless shifts and evasions to which the mexican government has resorted from time to time in order to avoid the payment of these claims and the Peculiar circumstances of aggravation which have marked her conduct. Suffice it to say that they had been such even prior to 1837, that general Jackson in his message of that year declared that Quot the length of time since some of the injuries have been committed the repeated and unavailing applications for redress the Wanton character of some of the outrages upon Tho property and persons of our citizens upon Tho of Beers and Flag of the United states Independent of recent insults to this government and people by the late extraordinary mexican minister would justify in the eyes of All nations immediate Milder counsels however prevailed and instead of reprisals a special messenger was sent to Mexico to make a formal demand for Quot Justice and satisfaction Quot agreeably to a provision of the treaty. Nothing was however obtained by Quot Voy from the i a i with full Power to adjust All ques dispute Between the two governments. Should the answer be in the affirm alive such an of will be immediately despatched to Mexico. If the president were disposed to stand upon Ere que lion of Atiq Meltc be would wait until he mexican govern men which had suspended has sin. Stated which i Bee Ned. To be de Thi 1 vast a of a r spoliation and in cred character than one injured in the Ordinary course of business or for Money loaned though the latter is sufficiently sacred and that the plea upon which the payments have been suspended and finally All no Gocia Tion Cut off is indisposition rather than Pinali Litis. This indisposition we scarcely need say grew out of the Texas question or rather that question was made a pretext for withholding the indemnity already agreed on and for resisting Allye Ime Pui can Mil for an adjustment of the claims jointly investigated. When on the of March 1846, the Congress of Tho United states adopted a Resolution for the annexation of Texas evasion and Shuf Ning gave place to a show of wounded dignity which answered the pose. In other words the m. Ister to this country demanded his passports and the american minister in Mexico was notified by the government there that no further diplomatic relations Muld be continued Between Tho two countries. This was on Tho 28lh of March 1845. Thus Ait airs Rera pitied until the 13lh of october in Tho same year when in obedience to instructions from Washington an inquiry was addressed in the Mosi Friendly terms through our Consul in Mexico to the minister of foreign Afi Hirs whether the mexican government Quot would a receive i envoy from the United states Intro died with full Powers to adjust All the questions in a Sputo Between the to. Totem rants Quot with the. a should the answer be in Tho affirm Ati Jiruch a envoy. Would be immediately Del Quot patched to Mexico the mexican minis a ter fifteenth of october gave an a Btu a m0 Duvol. I. Indianapolis Friday june 12, 1846,no. 39. Affirmative answer to this inquiry requesting at the same time that our naval Force at Vera Cruz might be withdrawn lest its continued presence should assume the appearance of menace and coercion pending the no go citations. This Force was immediately withdrawn. On the 10th of no Imber 184s, or. John Slidell of Lou Ana was commissioned by the president envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United states to Mexico id was entrusted with full Powers to adjust both the questions of the Texas Boundary and of indemnification to our Iti Zons. The rest is too Well known to a quire repetition. Or. Slidell was not Cei Ved even by the administration hich had promised to receive him and 1 the accession of Paredes to the presi nay he was virtually sent out of Tho entry. To show the spirit in which this Friendly overture on the part of the United states was conceived and executed we Here insert an extract from the letter of or. Buchanan our Secretary of state to or. Black our Consul in Mexico. It is dated sept. 17, 184s information to gently inc lived at this Liepart both from yourself and others renders ii probable that the mexican government May now be willing to restore the Iii somatic relations be-1 the two countries. At the time of their Sion. General Almonte was assured of the desire Felt by the president to adjust amicably by cause of complaint Between the govern its and to cultivate the kindest and most idly relations by Tivnen Tho sister republics still continues to be animated by the same Imenes. It was his duty to place the coun in a condition successfully to resist the threat-1 invasion of Texas by Mexico and this has n accomplished. He desires however that differences should be terminated am it by by negotiation and not by the swore Quot. He Xoua to or Scive peace although prepared led by the. Agent the pre whet be diploma. Tho id. But the presen it that Republic that he has consented to waive All Cere it by and take the surely if any thing could soften the purity of mexican resentment such language As this from the chief magistrate of he american Union would have done it. But Paredes was determined not to be fied. He had Ridden into Power on a Chariot and what had served his Pur once might do so again. He there repudiates the special minister of the United states sent with the Olive Branch fuses him even an escort to Vera Cruz id in his recent manifesto april 23d, de Aring defensive War against the United states since he had no Means to carry d War pronounces or. Sli Dell s Mission an insult and the Onsum Nalion of of fences. The fact undoubtedly is that at the moment March 12th, 1046 of making the offensive reply to or. Slidell s application to be received As minister the mexican government was engaged in getting up and setting Forward in expedition for the invasion of Texas. We will now pass to another Branch of he subject Viz the instructions Given to Gen. Taylor in regard to the Quot occupy a f Texas and the manner in which to has fulfilled them. And Here to deem proper to say that a More thorough lamination of facts and documents leads to doubt the correctness of the opinion which we expressed the other Day that he War was occasioned by the Advance l our army to Tho Eio Grande. From Vhal has been said above and still More Quot rom the sequel it appears probable that Var has been determined on by the mexi an government before the american army left Corpus Christi and it is expressly declared by Paredos in his War Alani Fusto that Corpus Christi is within the limits of Mexico. By the Way pare Des was Twenty Days ahead of Polk in de i luring a state of War to exist Between the to nations the manifesto of the former earing Date april 3d, and the proc Lama Iono the latter May 13th. We arc convinced that our government Ras sincere in its endeavours to avoid a Rar with Mexico. No one can read the Struc Lions to Gen. Taylor which wore 3sued from time to time and come to any ther conclusion. It must be remember a that after the admission of Texas into he Union the president was As much bound to protect it from invasion As any ther state. The Only question was what was the Western limit of Texas. The declaration of texan Independence 1836, extended to the Eio Grande As follows Quot beginning at Tho Mouth of the Sabi ind running West along the Gulf of Mexico Izreo leagues from land to Tho Mouth of Tho Rio Grande then up the principal Stream of said River to its source thence duo North to Tho forty second degree of North latitude thence along the Boundary line As defined in the treaty Between the United states and Spain to the in the treaty Between Texas and Santa Anna then president of Mexico after the Battle of san Jacinto was Tho follow no article article 3. Tho mexican troops will. He territory of Texas. Zassini the secret treaty rends 4. A treaty of Commerce a mity and limits will be Bel Noen i Texas a Tho territory of the latter not beyond the Rio Bravo Del fact so often asserted on Beh of Mexico that Tytha department of Texas alien Belogi to the mexican Republic far Tho a com the the Congo. A e West than Tho River nieces is by no Means conclusive. The a Eal question is Quot what is the country whose Independence was declared and maintained Quot ancient boundaries Hare Lothing to do with it. On Tho 28th May 1845, the Secretary if War Marcy addressed a Communia Ion to Gen. Taylor then at fort Jesup Lou directing him to Placo the forces Dor his command and such As might sequently be assigned to him in a to Ion where they could most promptly d efficiently act in defence of Texas in be it should become necessary or pro employ them for that purpose n As the texan Congress shall in its consent to annexation and nation shall assemble and accept is offered in the resolutions of a Texas will then be regarded by i Cutie government Here so far part of the United states As to be entitled from this government to defence and Protection from foreign invasion and in Quot an incursions. The troops under your Zimmand will be placed and kept in Readi iss to perform this until such sent should to formally Given Gen. Taylor was instructed not to enter Texas it in Pursuit of indians invading that Republic from the territory of the United states and with Tho approbation of Tho texan authorities. On Tho Isth june 1846, a communicant a was addressed to Gen. Taylor by or. Bancroft then acting Secretary of War forming him that on the 4th of july then suing or very soon after the Conven Ion of Tho people of Texas would probably accept the proposition of annexation tendered by the Congress of the United states and instructing him Gen. Taylor in anticipation of this event to and Ance to the Mouth of the Sabine or to Uch other Point on the Gulf of Mexico s he might judge most convenient for an embarkation at the proper time for the Western Frontier of Texas. In this despatch the Secretary uses the. Language a Quot the Point of Yoi destination is the Western from a where you will select and r near the Rio Grande Del not Ite As will consist with Tho health of the. Troops and will be Best adapted to repel Quot invasion and to protect what in the event of annexation will be our Western Border. You will limit yourself to the defence of he territory of Texas unless Mexico shall declare War against the United As was anticipated the convention of Texas on the 4th of july 1846, by a i vote accepted the terms of by the Congress of the United states. On the 8th of the same month the so ire tary of War addressed to Gen. Taylor the following order Quot this Depan ment is informed that Mexico As some military establishments on the East Side if the Rio Grande which Are and for Somo time ave been in tile actual occupancy of her troops. In carrying out the instructions heretofore received you will be careful to avoid any acts of Ion unless an actual state of War should the mexican forces at Tho posts in their Ion and which have been so will not be Ilis Turbed As Long As the relations of peace be een the United slates and Mexico on the 20th of the same month. Gen. Taylor replied acknowledging the receipt if the above instructions and adding a Quot those instructions will be closely obeyed and the deportment May rest assured that i will take no Steo to interrupt the Friendly relations United states and Mexico. I am in these instructions As they a a commune. Following r ultimate or of Tex-, dated at n. Orleans. General Taylor re Donelson our no him of the m convention aeration prof next Day after he left new portion of gratified by c be occupied Sest by our troop Quot this despatch about the same from m minister in Texas info it of the to accepting the terms offered by Congress. On t receiving this i Formati. Orleans by Steamboat his troops for Western Texas agreeably to previous instructions and arrived at st. Joseph s Island Arkansas Inlet july 26th, a soon after established his quarters at Corpus Christi on tie West Side of the a ver nieces near its Mouth. On the 30th of the same month apparently in reply to a communication from general Taylor recipe sting More exact ions on certain Points the Secretary of War addressed him As follows he the president h. A Igar to the. Lug by Poi Poldi. I take the. Enable Hin Tho Poai Iio. Ints which i must be go ures towards mex of peace exist be. United states you it and defend the t t has Heel Bili to do All Long As Tho in that Republic expected to Oci tory of Texas. Lend i Itria and up to the Rio Grande Boundary Between Tho two a is Boundary you Are to Eily excepting any posts thereof which Are in the actual ecu mexican forces or mexican Settle i which the Republic of Texas did sol jurisdiction at tha period of annexation to before that Orent. It is expected to. Letting the establishment for your troops i will approach a near Tho Boundary Lino the Al. Grander Ai prudence will dictate. With this the president desires that our of in r Short 1 least in Tho last mentioned a Ari Niar Gei Taylor anticipated the wishes of the department having occupied Corpus Christi on the West Bank of the nieces before the despatch of which the Sabitre is an extract reached him. In acknowledge its receipt he says August Leith Quot ram gratified to find that thy measures thus far have met the approbation of the Quot go Hemment and general in Hief and up Lorly to find that 1 have but anticipated the wishes of the president in taking p a position West of the under Date of August 23d, the Secre iry of War addressed Gen. Taylor As follows the information hitherto received a to the intentions of Mexico and the measures Slie May not enable the to give you More explicit instructions in regal to your move mems than those which Hove been already forwarded to you. There is reason to believe that Mexico is malting eff urls to assemble a Large army on Tho Frontier of Texas for the Pur Eilering ils territory and holding forcible. Of it. Of their mov Raoma you Are advised and we Trust have taken or Early will Lake prompt and efficient Steps to Meel and repel any Auch hostile incursion. Sli Ould Mexico assemble a Largo body of troops on the Rio Grande and Cress it we la a considerable Force such a movement must be regarded As an invasion of the United slates and Iho commence ment of Hosli lilies. You will of course use Oil the Oul Hority which has been or May Given in you 10 meet such s stale of things. Texas Mosi be protected from hostile invasion and for thai purpose you will of course employ to the Ulm Oal the Means on the 4th of october 1845, general Taylor writes to the War department is follows Quot in will to recollected that the Infin Illions of Ino 15, issued by or. Dancroft then acting so Cre Laryon War directed me to Quot select and , on or near the Rio Grande such a site As �11 consist Wilb the Beall of Tho troops and 111 be Best adapted to Repei invasion Quot amp cd ass Santiago is Ilio nearest Entrance to the ouch of the Rio Grande and Point Isabel Ishin Fiat Entrance and Twenty Ono mils from Alamaras would Bave Fui Mied More Coin Pele by iban any other position Iho conditions imposed by Iho secretory. Bui we had no artillery no ,. Of infantry ind the of Poi i under these Wim Ai the possibility of Tai glance from the mexicans might have compromised the safety of it Ali elder 11 married of Vilh great at f m our go Andary. Hastened by our Tai liable poll Gilb and f played i of preparation Sli Ould be .01 10 be mistaken. How by to the effect produced upon the Border people by our presence Here to Are too far from the Frontier to impress the government of Mexico with our readiness to vindicate by Force of arms if necessary our title to the country As far As the Rio Grande. The Quot army of dec ipalion Quot will in a few Days to concentrated at this Point in condition for vigorous and efficient service. Mexico having As yet made no positive declaration of War or committed any overt act of hostilities i do not feel particularly 1 of jul the Rii ande Wilhour authority from Tho War Depar. Under Date of Corpus Christi nov. 27th, Gen. Taylor writes to Tho department that the intelligence from Mexico tends to modify in some degree the views expressed in the above extract. He says us Lilu i. Or at any Rale Unni a Dispo Sili by Mexico to protract them Are pending Iton shall be Monif Elul by Mexico to protract them unreasonably. Under Ifie Iipp Mailion that such May be the views of the department i shall make no movement from this Point except for the purpose of examining the coun until further Inspru Lions arc the news from ii Exico to which Gen. Taylor alludes was to the effect that the mexican government had accepted the proposal made by the government of the u. States to arrange the existing difficulties by negotiation. The consent of the mexican government was doubtless sincere but it failed of ils object in consequence of a revolution got up by general Paredos then at Tho head of the army who made this very consent a pretext for his movements. The manifesto adopted by the army of Reserve or rather its officers at st. Louis Potosi on the 14th december last when and where the revolution first manifested itself in form justified the movement on the ground that the then existing administration Herrera s Quot had repeatedly thwarted the purpose of the army to move upon Texas and at the same time allowed the army to be vilified for its inaction by official journals that it had admitted a commissioner meaning or. Slidell with whom it was endeavouring to arrange for the loss of the integrity of the Republic that it had reduced the country Alt most to a state of anarchy in the midst of which it existed without Revenue without Power and almost without will that these evils demanded an immediate remedy and that the administration confessed ils total incompetency and powerlessness that it had lost All respectability so necessary to a government and had allowed a plenipotentiary of the United states to set foot in the country and reside in the capital with a View to bargain for Tho Independence and nationality of the country for which have been made so Many All this occurred while our army remained at Corpus Christ and before the order was Given for its March to Tho Eio Grande. The Date of this order is Jan. I3th, 1846�?t dirty Days after the Revoli Tion broke out. The complaint that president Herrera had Quot repeatedly thwarted the purpose of Tho army to move upon Texas Quot evidently did not refer merely to Tho territory Between the nieces and the. Rio Grande but to Texas generally. Tho news of Paredes revolution was not fully known at Washington when the order was Given for general Taylor to March to the Bio Grande no though rumours of an expected outbreak had reached this country and our government must have been Sotis fied that or. Slidell s Mission would pro afo Ilure. Now let a see what instruct Lor under these Ament gave to Gen circumstances War , Tay. Worm Nylon january 13, 18ig. Sir i am directed by inc presi ent to instruct you 10 Advance and occupy with the troops under. Our comr and Poji Lions on or near the East Bank of the Rio Del none As soon wit can be conveniently Lorio with reference to the season and Toul a by your movements must be made. From tie lews her Clofort proc need to ibis department it is presumed l Isabel will be considered by a a on in Roble position. The Point or some one near it ind Pomis opposite Matamoras and Mier and in the of Laredo Are suggested to your consider ton but you Are left to year belter knowledge to the Post or posts which you Arelo Oci Opy As Well As the question of dividing your forces Wii View 10 occupy two or More pos Lions. In Tho you May Lake in carrying out these Isrl Delions and other movements Hal May 1m made use Oje Rio Delorie May be very Eon Veniel risks the uni Quot led slew a Quot late in common h Mexico 10 the free navigation of this River in is probable thai Mexico Wood interpose read Swanee. Vou i 1 not All empt to enforce this right further Inspru Lions. You Are requested to report to this Depar Lenl without delay what mean you May require if any beyond those you now possess to enforce and maintain Oor common right to navigate ibis River As Well As your views of the Imp Oranee of this right in the Rio Ico than Yoo should treat Hera an enemy bul Sli Ould she assume that Cuba racer by a declaration of War or any open act of hostility towards us you will not act merely on the defensive if your re alive Means enable you to do otherwise. We see Here As in All previous instructions to Gen. Taylor a rigid adherence to the defensive. Although our claim of territory extended to the Eio Grande yet he had been specially enjoined not to assail any military stations of the mexicans which might exist on this Side of the River and now he is instructed not to enforce e right of the common navigation of that or without further orders. So far As appears to strictly followed rence. And even this act of positive War might have been of crooked had in been disavowed by the mexican commander or been shown in be the result of Accident or misapprehension. Bul none of these things were i pretended. Subsequent events have proved that it was the first act of a drama which had been projected by the mexican government and that the object of the mexican forces in crossing the River was to capture or Descry the army of general Taylor. As much As this is distinctly avowed by president Paredes in his manifesto of april 23d to Tho mexican nation in which he says Quot a have sent orders to the general in chief on the Northern Frontier to act in hostility against the army which is in hostility against us to oppose tear to the enemy which wars upon us our general acting according to established usages and the decided instructions Given by my government summoned the general in chief of Tho american forces to retire beyond the River nieces Tho ancient Boundary of Texas and the summons has been had Gen. Taylor on receiving this summons retired to his old position at Corpus Christi to would have still according to Tho usurper Paredes have been As much an invader of the soil of Mexico As if he remained at Point Isabel or at fort Brown on the Eastern Bank of the Eio Grande. For in another part of the manifesto he says a Quot at the very time when or. Slidell appeared the troops of the United states were occupying our the troops of the United states were then and for some months afterwards at Corpus Christi. Whether he Means that the whole of Texas is mexican territory or Only Corpus Christi is being on the West Bank of the nieces does not distinctly appear. He however remarks that the Lution of dec. Him to Power was pie because 2lh his instruct taking a posit. Banks of the i the government judged beyond the fad n inc red by cd and Grande As order my which fact my in merits. Gen. Taylor c nue to act rigidly on t Ding All necessary Provo was attacked by the Ile Camp ment oppose on his at Namei and la to his i Rich Fri Froid ump i army left i Ilde Between it and defensive a lion until i cans first Matamoras Point Isabel careful examination of Vinced that this Draiss Taylor to our govern and that the opposite As sustained. Gen. Taylor with i Christi for the Rio or 8lh and 11th March 1. His present encamp me moras March 2eth. Was met at two or three Points particularly on the Banks of the Sal Colorado or Colorado Creek which must not be confounded with the River Colorado in the Centre of Texas but offered them no molestation. When however they threat a his passage by Force of id them that in would be at e now assert it As a fact that not a mexican was killed by our troops or any of them until capt. Thornton s command of 60 or 60 men 26th of april was Cut ices 20 Miles North of general Tay int Ved at Mola sch he led to Dis arms he i their peril. W and Challenge Campha capper Al who body of Mexico even on this evidence that a americans or i although Fri of Thornton have been d de the two i previously Rode out Al no been decoded is estimated Al 2500.�? single shot was fired by the a single mexican Cut Down the acknowledged bravery id his men their lives would a by sold had they consider entries in a Quot stale of this Date col. Cross who b a mile or two from the n Camp for the Sake of exercise tally murdered and Lieut. Porter it out in search of him was fired and himself and one of his men so far As we have any evidence mexican was killed by the americans or any of them until the 28th of april when capt. Walker and 24 men of the texan rangers being on their Way from Point Isabel to Gen. Taylor s Camp opposite Matamoras Tell in with a Large body of mexicans estimated at 1500. We have seen no statement which authorizes Ely which party fired first id be very strange if 25 a a combat with 1600.�? killed. Us to say posit though it a it men should s the r. Of the Walke suit however Wos that a nun mexicans were killed and six of s men the reminder taking Loe facts viewed in connection with Ampudia s letter to Gen. Taylor of april 12th, in which to requires him Quot in the peremptory term of 24 hours to break up his Camp and retire to the other Bank of the nieces Quot a in the failure of which Quot arms and arms alone Quot must decide the questions prove beyond a doubt upon which party rests Tho responsibility of commencing actual warfare. After this formal declaration of the commander if not before it was obviously the duty of general Taylor to exercise unceasing vigilance in order to guard against Surprise and also that he might seek reinforcements if necessary before his communication with fount Isabel shoud be Cut Oft. Thornton s party was sent out in consequence of a Rumor that a Large body of mexicans had crossed the Eio Grande 20 Miles or so above Matamoras. His object was solely to reconnoitre and in following a squad of mexican Horsman into the Chap Orel without firing upon them or in any Woy attempting to in fire them he committed no act which at All i ratified the bloody tragedy which Tho mexicans enacted. Up to this time not Only Hod no mox icons been killed by the americans but none had been taken prisoners although opportunities to do so were of of reticent occur 14lh which elevated sanctioned by the poo by were Quot wailing with impatience to Rush Forward to another War to which they were called by the scandalous aggressions of a government calling itself our Friend but at the Samo time icing to prostrate and again he bounced the Mission of or. Slidell As an ult and the consummation of offences i if the relations Between the two re pub i had not suffered any disturbance by the definite act of the annexation of Tex one thing is certain Viz that Al the period of the revolution upon Thich he Rode into Power he promised Ogain and again in the most Public and formal manner that As soon As he had established Tho new government and restored Tranquility he would turn his attention to the recovery of Texas. In a manifesto which to issued to Tho mexican people just before his Entrance into the a Pilot he declared that after conv oking a constituent Congress to would either retire to private life or Quot ask the privilege of marching to the Frontier to encounter the usurpers of our territory and the enemies of our Independence and this was about the 2d of january. The minister of War Senor Almonte since resigned in accepting office declared that he was moved to do so by his desire to co operate in carrying out the order Quot now happily re established Quot for preparing Quot the Texas in perfect accordance with these professions repeated at sundry times and in divers manners we very soon find the army in motion for the North. Capt. Cox of Tho Schr. We. C. Preston which left Matamoras Fob. 7th, and arrived at new Orleans feb. 14th, said Quot the belief at Matamoras was that Paredes had ordered a Large body of troops to March for the Frontier report said 8000�?for the purpose of invading when it is recollected that Paredes was at this time scarcely warm in his seat Tho promptness of the movement for a mexican is remarkable. Tho new Orleans Bee of feb. 19th, says Quot if the news from Mexico by Way of Texas is to be relied on it would seem that under the new government of Paredes Active preparations Ore in Progress for an assault upon the Frontier of the United slates. All the unattached officers of Tho government Are ordered to repair immediately to the army concentrating upon the Rio Grande the ancient cavalry 3,000 Strong Are commanded to Muster into service for Tho invasion of Texas and the army is to be augmented to 60,000.&Quot another account states that Gen. Ampudia was Appo Inlet to the chief command Arista being at that time suspected of a want of cordiality to Tho new government. From general Taylor s despatch of april 15th, to learn that Gen. Ampudia arrived at Matamoras on the uth of that month with 200 horsemen the main body of his army 2000 or 3000 Strong being some distance in Tho rear. There were previously 2000 men in Matamoras. Immediately on his arrival he ordered All americans to Leavo Matamoras in 24 hours and retire into the Interior. The rest is too Well known to Repe facts in connection with the recent loan of 82,000,000 effected by the guaranty of the Church for Tho use of the army the extraordinary efforts to reinforce and strengthen the fortress of us loud Tho withdrawal of the armed vessels far up the River Alvarado the closing of the custom House at Mazatlan Ond the retirement of the Garrison into the Interior a the refusal to apply the custom House Revenue As pledged under pretence that the safety of the country required h for present exigencies All these things and others which we have not time to mention Lead to the conclusion that tray with the United slates for the recovery of Texas As it was the cry which raised general Paredos to Tho presidency has been the pole Star of his administration from that Day to this. And ctn Sidorin the poverty of the Treasury and Tho a alumni sluggishness of Tho mexican people it must be admitted that he has called Forth a greater amount of warlike Energy than could Havo been reasonably expected in so Short a time. This results in part from Tho a Turu of Tho revolution which elevated him to Power. It began and ended with the army. Thoy wore tired of thet Lull Musicof idleness and wanted Taisir we if

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