Page 1 of 17 Apr 1846 Issue of Indianapolis Indiana Democrat in Indianapolis, Indiana

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Indianapolis Indiana Democrat (Newspaper) - April 17, 1846, Indianapolis, Indiana Eras equal Twenty a a a Ibera or a year thus counted of terms of advertising it Primenta at one Dollar per squad lines for Chaddie n postage St. Patrick s Day in Washington. The National Intilli Gonchor of the 26th March contains a very animated description of the ceremonies of the 17th, or St. Patrick s Day. G. W. P. Custis esq., presided being the 27th anniversary at which he has officiated and Thoplis fit Ham and George Bowling esqrs., acted As vice presidents. Several dist Ingu de gentlemen members of both House Congress among whom we notice a. Ham Negas senator from Indiana Hon. James d. Wescott senator from Florida Hon. C. G. Dromgoole of Virginia w. W. Seaton mayor of Washington and Many others were or cast. A very eloquent and Beautiful oration was delivered by w. E. Robinson esq., thirteen very appropriate and patriotic regular Oasis wore drank accompanied with the finest of music. Letters of approbation and apology were received from the president and vice president of tie United states from Hon. A q. Adams Robert Tyler and several Edi papers. We make the Fol it from the voluminous pro. E. Tors of Iri lowing Vej feedings or. Dow or. Chai Good Porti in president r As we no called the House y Pon. You at i Leand said disposed of i routine Busin so Well and Ilori ill permit me to briefly a a a a i know Thi ins a a for us am and Side swept in Brief Triumph Over the Field of carnage. The renowned marshal Saie the Soldier bom As he was called turned to Kin Louis of France who was present and told him to leave the Field for All a As Ono near observed that the Battle might it be won if a few pieces of Cannon were brought Bear on the English Square followed up by a charge of the Irish horse in the by it vice of France. Yes remember the Insh brigade commanded by general Dillon. Cheer a order was Given the charge was made be Square was broken and dispersed Tho Victory a As won for France. But its glories i repeal Lav at the feet of irishmen. Of vociferous cheers charging irishman like in Advance of All Len Dillon fell. Ilis ear was not Blest with the Houts of Victory but surely As his spirit passed Dward it was allowed one glance at his int Imp it squadrons and that was Reward enough Lor the hero. Rcheers.1 irishmen can still emulate and imitate Dillon s brigade and sooner than England shall have Ono foot of Oregon irishmen in am Rico i answer for Yon you will give her another Fontenoy. Cheers and applause when Tho Duke of Cumberland who Colimon ded the English army informed King George the second who it was that had won the 3ay, the King is said to have cried out Quot Cir icon the att Simioni which deprive i Ofish Oldie i Quot applause but its not to the bloody Field alone that ire land turns for Tho undying memorials of her sons. Her Rich and varied stores Are every where. Turn to poetry and song. Listen while her Goldsmith wakes up Tho fountains of the heart amid the Tina of . Applause hold still the breath stir not the Finger while her Moore sweeps his hand across the Quot living loud and Lud and the a orly. A Oman famed for Tho purity Yomei incas of Whoso _ _ Ain Ision to of enshrined in Tho heart of his of Freedom and the lovers of Mankind e Ery a Micro. The tyrant would have made 1 blood a grave Zignoni Inoue. That shall never i to lives i and lives sainted Here placing Yishai upon his breast. And there and there poit Ireland shall e Pride in proposing the health already Rufi to by my Friend and colleague on Ray left Brief but sincere terms namely that of a distinguished senator and Friend in Tho Vicinity of the a chair which i feel assured will meet with a Hearty response at this Board. Applause i give you gentlemen with a flowing bumper the health of the Hon. Edward a. 1��.ikkan-, the distinguished senator from Indiana which you will Dunk with All Tho honors. Drank with loud and enthusiastic suppl aus which lasted Lor some Quot Thi Ilon. Or. , when the immense enthusiasm bad subsided Roso and said when i recognise the Distinti Lisuch Man who presides at your festivities this evening and tie excellent and worthy and respected friends who surround your festive Board i very much a Grei my friends that any engagements should deprive me of the pleasure of silting out the evening will you or compelling to to leave at an earlier hour than i otherwise would be disposed to do. Your eloquent Young Friend has stated the nature of my engagements and that thus my carry departure from your agreeable company would be excused. Gentlemen i glory in being a i govenis Leont Lhito the Quot my who or ictus mus l have Irish blood in his veins. Immense Cheis i am the son of an irishman who was bom and bred in that land which he Ever dearly loved for As far Backos memory goes i remember regularly o return of this Day to have seen Liim Distl Tho Shamrock. Early recollections caused remember As it Drew on that the i7lh of Marcel would be St. Patrick s Day and i remembered it All Tho better on the Day before yesterday the 15th of March because Over and often and again did my heart remind me through that Day thai it was Tho Natal Day of Andrew Jackson Check Sand its first return since he had closed a life All glorious by a death so Sweet so Hea Griful and so Sublime As to Rob even the grave of us Triumph Tho pangs which wait on its approach. And As memory called up afresh the recollections of the. Great american Patriot the son of and himself almost an irishman i r reached Forward through the lapse c Day that was to bring me to the the Patron Saint and the Benefactor a Fly for Quot in ends i am aware that the kind and Plimon tary notice you have Given to is far beyond any service i have rendered if any at All have rendered. I feel Tho generous Bourcy whom Springs your manifestations. It was not unt be Slordal at dinner that i was aware of Yoi Belo bration this evening and so soon As the Sui Gestin was made to me by Tho two friends Between whom i am sitting 1 agreed to meet with you at Tho festive Board in Honor of this Ever cherished Day. I Camo because i love Ireland and All her past glories and mourn Over he wrongs and her oppressions and feel my heal grow big with Hope and Promise at her present condition. I came because i love to mingle with her warm hearted generous and confiding sons. Knowing All this As you do and for this alone Vou Havo warmly welcomed me. Loud cheering and where is that heart which boasts one drop of Irish blood that is not proud of Ireland a Beautiful allusion has been made in the letter of a venerable and invited guest to Tho heroic Montgomery. It would not become one so Humble As i no to suggest an addition to any thing that comes from that Man whom we see hovering on Tho narrow confines Lilit Quot Quot a and whose fast setting Sun sends its parting rays across his country Moro resplendent than in its Quot Noonday radiance Quot and whatever May be the differences of opinion on questions of policy to has through Many a weary year loved and Laboured for his country As i believe with Patriot s heart. The crowning events of his life do Day is nost at hand states shall it Nde Pendi i consecrated Nam that Imi �w1i leh Hoshi it uld think proper. Or. B. Then Mado a statement introductory to e proofs which he meant to introduce and owing How Tho treaty of utrecht had been applicable to this i Eston of Boundary Between United states and great Britain. It grew of the Purchase of Louisiana and was Coeval h that Purchase. It was known to every body 1 the Northwest Corner of the United slates could not to claimed because there was an in ble Call in the treaty of 17b3. It called for e West course from Tho Lake of the Woods 0 Mississippi a the Lake being North of the head of that River. Upon the supposition that the Lino due West from the Lake would strike Tho River the right of its free nov spation was granted to Tho British by Tho treaty of ing that the line would nol struggle began Between Thi of peace Sriv. Of Tho British to do feet the lir thus gel Una Imp. Calhou that at last the Antipodes have met that be has made a convert of Ibe senator from Missouri. I congratulate him. To has now won the highest trophy the brightest intellectual trophy which he has Ever achieved. He can now make Tho prouder t boast he Ever uttered. The great Leader there pointing to or. Benton has become his or. Calhoun s convert and his subaltern in the cause of Quot masterly agamemnon of the Little band and the Araxis and i the least of them the utile Ajax a sir the Little band. The least of them the utile Ajax pm not even the lesser Ajax Lam Buta poor private Soldier in the cause. I ask no favor and i seek no Reward save the Triumph of the Grent cause. I ask for nothing. I should despise myself if in a Cauich like this for an Insu int i could Ehe Erish a feeling of selfishness. I would rather be the Little Ajas Rasier Tho private Soldier fighting simply for subsistence this cause than hold my Licord so High that i Coo not see aught below to rather be the private Soldier than with my haughty toot to Presa the i Ocean. Vociferous applause is Hannegan and every Irish in laying irishman re than cud but a Singh Niv Ersary o f Ireland. Public of Tho United id n message of greeting to the i Public of Ireland that has come the hour has arrived when a non Umont Quot More enduring than Inui Quot shall be Illo Ltd to him of whom i am speaking and whose Nemory i now fibr Robert Emmett. The enthusiasm created by this Beautiful bunt if eloquence can scarcely be described. The and gifted senator Here touched a chord company and 1 and vociferous which vibrated through the his place amid i in Plausco. Many excellent complimentary and patriotic Volunteer toasts were Given songs Ivere Sung hilarity Good feeling and brotherly kindness prevailed and the company separated at a late hour highly pleased with Tho entertainment of the evening. The reporter for the intelligencer gives tie following of the origin and history of St. Patrick which May be interesting to the uninitiated it May not be out of place to cursorily remark in explanation of this festival that actor Din to most Irish historians the original name of St Patrick who converted Tho Pagan Irish to christianity so far Back As the fourth Century Wai such Al which name was subsequently Ehan cd at the time of his ordination to Magonis. I is said to have been captured by the Irish Mon Arch. Nisi in an expedition against Gaul ant was brought to Ireland in eap Vity with his sister. After his consecration tin Celestine conferred on him Patri ii or nobility of Rome Constantine the great Tho first Christian emperor which order ranked next to the emperors when Ireland became thoroughly converted Hei people through reverence for the great founder a a Ifni Iricia the distinction children Many o lame which became a patronymic and hence the derivation of Thi Namo Patrick. This imposing festival in Hon i of the Patron Saint of Ireland is always celebrated Willi duo honors by the sons of the Quot Green Isle Quot who also Wear the Shamrock or Trefoil As lilo National Emblem. When the great apostle was in based on his Mission he was accustomed in explaining the Trinity or Triune godhead use the Shamrock in i Quot three could exist in on Southwest with this arrival upon that Stream come to in it to enjoyment of ils navigation. The struggle on Tho part of Tho United states was to Preven this consequence to close Thelin without yield the navigation and this contest had continued Twenty years when a treaty was signed in London 10 terminate the contest. It was in the Sci 1 03, or. Jefferson being president and Jerri fus King minister in London for in those Day ministers were not so rapidly changed upon change of As Lias sometimes sine occurred. Or. Benton then went into a very Elarbi rate and Learned argument to establish the soundness of his position. We have not room for it or to Sli Ould Lay it before our renders for the purpose of showing them on what Flimsy a great Man can rely for support of grounds taken in accordance with the dictates of his passions and against those of his judgment. Or. Benton was severe and insulting even to coarseness against those senators who have stood up so firmly for the rights of their country against the arrogant demands of great Britain the fifty firm forty men As they Are called a such As Allen Cass Breese Bright Hannegan lie. Amp a. He was not Content with making an argument but went out of his Way for the purpose of insulting men who now occupy the same ground that he did him self a Short time since but which he has or reasons known Only to himself now abandoned. At Tho close of his remarks there was applause manifested in tie Gal iries according to the Washington Union but private Letler say nothing of the kind curved. In concluding his remarks or. Benton said the of vict of this change in the senal be great. On the grecian hand and act and expression proclaim am the ruler to he May there is in this land no Man so Hij the lie sentiment in America May who makes Stich a. Final his level. I talc Ai n uns land no Man so Bien to elevate and depress put at his will. Beni owl Lii n attempt to will , let it be but let Missouri that Agai Neni t the Only i Tho is i 01 order were so inc Corpus Tuiai lie now Itice that if her Tafler any Marks of Eppro a disapprobation should to Given in the Gal a would exercise his right is a senator wild a by thai 1 pen unit Itie Araxes Vav of Troy. Ther Wasan Achilles the arc and Mehai an Achilles Here. Let the senator from Iliadou beware lest Hobo the Hector who will Grace the to of this Achilles of Lucre there was a loud burst of api clause in to , which tic i Tea Ideal s rebuke Iai cd to Check Roseand said tha breaches of order were so in decorous that in lories he Woi Iid exercise his right love that the galleries be cleared without excepting by individual. On the 2d of april air. Cass replied at til Lengli to or. Benton s speech of the revious Day. It was a triumphant Vin cation of the correctness of the position Sui died in his speech of the 31st March. <"11 Mac Llanil boat. In the House on the 3rd of april or motion of or. R. Smiith of Illinois the House resolved i Solf into a committee of the whole and took up Tho Cumber Lazic Road Bill. Said Bill is 50,000 airs gowns and tight for the Picl Urc which Thespo endrew tiers in the time of Long waisted Quot Small by degrees and beautifully but now the sudden deduction of so much weigh and strength in the person of their clip of must Leavi them almost nothing. On the future conduct of the Campaign it must have a decisive Chi act for the a axes of this expedition both big and Little must renounce it when their in of has imposed the penalty of silence and inaction on himself. On Tho contrary it must Havo a Fine Coli sit for the alarms of War will suddenly cease. On the Treasury the a facet will be a Lillions t Bills for Denly ight Fil. Moment of the Navy and the eight or nine Exira for the army will cease to be Wantt military and naval committees if not Wise a least been Lucky. They de Kyed to report Bill these thirty millions and to Day they Baccomo Unn Pessary. Inactivity in them if not masterly has least been profitable it has saved thirty millions extra taxes or Loans to Tho people. When or. Benton had concluded or. Rose and said or. President i have a few words to say. I would not have made a single observation on thus occasion had it not been for a particular expression accompanied by a very significant look toward this Quarter which fell from Tho senator from Missouri. Certainly he was the last Man Here from whom i expected an unkind look or an unkind allusion. As i said before upon a certain us it ichor Ond Sirri Quot Tarncy from Hijii of offis Oregon question More than from any other living Mas. Gleamed it from his speech on Tho Ashbur inn treat. Which from Liat hour has been to him theme of deadly and unmitigated hos Ator who made that treaty lied for it. I Learned mainly id relation had been knocking Ess and had never = was in favor of the Propri tion. He would to glad Bill could pass. He did not believe that it could but to believed that seven eighths of his constituents would rather have an appropriation of land thar have nothing at All. Twas because of the repeated failure in this House to procure appropriations of Money and because half a loaf was better than no bread tha he was willing to accept of the land appropriation a More solemn compact than that made Between to Csc states am the general government for of this Road had never been entered into or. Wick said he had held a Consulta icon with his colleagues through whose districts the Cumberland Road passed an they had come to the conclusion that the passage of a Bill appropriating Money pc the continuation of the Cumberland Road was doubtful if not hopeless and that there was a better Prospect of passing a Bill making a Grant of land for that purpose and therefore he should offer an amendment to Liat effect which he hoped Lulu be acceptable to the coining tree. He briefly advocated the appropriation of Shoals thave appropriates 8100,000 in Ohio 1 Indiana and 8150,000 in ii Lino is in Money. It provides for surren Dering the Road to the states that it shall be finished continuously and to covered with Stone not exceeding the Wodtli of sixteen feet. Also that in Illinois the Money shall be expended Ingrad Uig and bridging. The Bill having been read or. Wick presuming he said that in All probability no Bill making appropriation of Money for this Obj could pass this House moved at Tho digestion of members better acquainted 1 the he people completion and that the 3d the same 1 of years do failure Gavi Man would be pledge himself for the Road and Conti to 1830. Expect App government had id thereby taught continuation and tation had grown by yearly apr. Schenck then took the floor and spoke at some length in opposition to Tho amendment of or. Wick and in urgent advocacy of the claims of the Road As t was at present established and As a a Lional work which the government was bound to Complete. He desired that an appropriation should be made and that it should be made in the Jird Inary form of an appropriation of Toney or. S. Yielded the floor Fresque fitly for purposes of explanation and inquiry. Or. S. In the course of Bis Rcman rats. Alluding to the Grant of 400.000 i land to Alabama for the muscle canal said that Tho committe a Lively recollection of Tho controversy we had witnessed a few Days ago on this floor among the members from that state in. Regard to Tho management of that fund. It had been charged by at least one member from that state that there had been fraud and mismanagement and squandering of that fund and the member had his in the strongest terms using indeed so Strong that he or. It think proper to employ or repeat it. He wanted to take no part in the dispute Between different members of Tho delegation from that state. He did not know what the fact might be. He referred however to the difficulty about that fund and to the question and controversy bout Tho disposition of the proceeds of those lands As an illustration of the Ira Pilicy of that form of appropriation. Or. E. Chapjian defended the acts of Alabama in the expenditure of said appropriation. Or. Caleb b. Smith followed. He red the Strong claims the people of the Lethad ii a did Quot i he be Intino to adopt a Solu he a Propri tie uld Len dment could be adopted amended be passed into t the subject Fot cd Fot having Hui a or talons t Tings and Dis int of fact t Indiana. In Oss he would appropriation i Hadland would ins in favor o Mph of Indi Quot if Hind the Bill though it \ by the an devise lands the gov tha Idle the land or Thelen Letie by Low id by m of Good id the slate thus Aidi s to raise the Defi Eier if Small value and a ent but Little. The state coi ads pay Ellem out to Contr res on the Road or hold Thi i of time they should beco by virtue o abstract me reference to Congress v finally Thi he government not Only the compact but upon the a its of the work itself without that compact. He hoped that Ould now Settle the question a a a her resume the work or abandon it of. Or. Isaac e. Holmes or. Smith yielding said that he desired to know to understand the gentle quest la Ken of idea in the t would Nev Lay that if the if fir Beta or. Smith make pledges i subsequent co own part i am interested in to fied uld fhe rules of order out from the Bill clause and insert than himself to s do after the or the following Ting a lying in said states respectively use appropriated to wit to the Sia e Hundred and forty four thousand at Iii Utility against and the Senai the negotiator v etc Quot jul corded Honor Thall gather round he Tomb but i would add to the Namo of Montgomery Tho name of Warren another irishman who led the Way at Bunker Hill sealing his Devotion Liberty and to America with his blood and w almost with his last words cried aloud Quot stand defend the ground it i Ymir mar yield my an Inch mini Canso cheers Bat it is hot hero nor on Hor own lie Roic Page alone that we Aro to seek Tho glorious trophic her Sony. Go to every Field of modern pm a hero Vulor hath won its triumphs and you find the irishman decorated with its Zislin Lioni. Go to the famous Field of Fontenoy the Battle of chivalry where before the fight begun the of ii can of Tho contending armies saluted by taking i fir their Hala and lord Charles Hay Riding out from Tho English ranks was met by Tho count d auts Roche advancing from Ihn French ranks a a Oen umm of the French Ger def said lord Charles Quot Avo Quot replied the count Quot a French Guardi niger fire Tho Alonci of in a Gamt Field Lay at Tho feet of irishmen for after Dap Erate a to Maglo bad Tan Linued for hour ten whoa and English infantry if i recollect the number righting compute a utre with Brilling Anim the 01, Sla Latna interesting discussion in the Oregon debate in the Senate which was getting rather prosy has been recently relieved by a discussion Between messes. Cass and Hannegan on one Side and or. Benton on the other the latter gentleman being supported by or. Website on wednesday the first of april a proper Day for the business or. Ashley of Arkansas who was entitled to the floor rite Ousby gave Way to the senator from Missouri. Speech b Intel Ilgen a hich the senator i said he did not Rise to Nike any merely to vindicate history and the if Tho son ale from an error into from Michigan now in his Greenhow s Book on Oregon that Alan gained that the commissaries had never act a under the treaty of utrecht had never established Tho lines Between Tho British and French possessions in North Meries had done nothing in the by Bicht. And Tho senator from Michigan holding or. Greenbo to to right had adopted his opinion and Laid so much stress upon the fact of the action of Iheson commissaries As to make his future conduct unon Quot lion dependent upon it. If a. Wrong and Tho commissaries had acted and is Tab listed Tho parallel of 49 Deg., and this fact was proved he or. A understood the senator from Michigan to say that to would give no Thi russian limit of 54 dog. 40 min., Anil never so anything More about Oregon North of 49 is n penalty which or. B. Would not have imposed it was giving to Tho Lino of the Troa of utrecht a consequence and importance s attributed tit. But the senator from Michigan had judged for himself and judged deliberately for his speech was Well pared and it was hit it in act to make his Fol conduct dependent upon the Corre Thesa of Greenhow a opinions which be had notes adopted. Or. , by the highest Dence thai the commissaris did it that they did establish the Xinliu Between Fence ind great Britain in North America and that the 49th parallel was Ono of the line cil Ablahed and hav from Missouri i Learned that the american. Oregon up to 54 Deg. Was Good not Only against gnat Britain but Tho whole world. That a need h was made Here Only four or five years ago Anel in it the senator taught me those principles which powerful As he is he never will be Able to eradicate from my mind. He planted them there but to cannot Pluck them up at his will. I Loa rued it at the feet of Niy Gamaliel i have passed from thence i Havo which i found there. To May do As be lists. He May before the country and the world abandon those principles. I will not. I make the same pledge Mido by that distinguished and patriotic and honest american who occupied that seat yesterday Imp. Cas that whenever it is shown that the Une of 49 Deg. Was extended to the Pacific Ocean i will not Only close my Mouth and Seal my lips against the utterance of any claim to the country North of 49 Deg., but to any part of Oregon. But Elk confident Lase senator is that to holds the agamemnon of our Little band a prisoner he May find himself mistaken. Not one single document to which he referred nol one paragraph which he read had reference to a foot orians with the exception of his aunsion to Lewis and Clark West of the Rocky mountains. What right had England and the United states to Settle Aline dividing a country belonging to Spain the senator from Missouri is Permetry aware that such was never the intention such was never in the contemplation of enc land and Tho United states. But this was the p Edge made by the senator Roiti Michigan. By this Lio is bound and by this after All that has been said i express myself also bound. Whenever it can be shown Fiat the treaty of utrecht contemplated the it of the a mlle of 49 Deg. West of the to Quot that there to and hereby is granted to Stales of Ohio Indiana Illinois and Missouri the purpose of completing the Cumberland Ria the three first named Stales and to Jefferson cil the last named the Quantity of Public lands Heri after named lying in said not otherwise Ohio three Ito Tho state of Indiana nine Hundred and i one thousand six Hundred acres to the slate Nois one million three Hundred and eight thousand three Hundred and sixty acres and to the state of Missouri one million three Hundred Anel thirty one thousand eight Hundred and acres which said lands hereby granted to thu said slates of Ohio Indiana Illinois and Missouri shall be Belec cd by agents to be appointed by inc governors of said a Latch respectively. And these. Re tons when made shall be reported to the commissioner of the general land office. Quot Sec. 2. And be it further a mud. That .11 Ali. Land granted by the first Sec ton of this act shall be disposed of by or under the authority of the several states respectively and the proceeds thereof Sli Oll be exclusively applied to the completion of the Cumberland Road in said states and for no other purpose whatsoever. And whenever the president shall be notified by the governors or by the proper authorities of the several states or either of them of their readiness to proceed to the selection of Tho land Heri inc lure granted he shall cause the further Sale of land in said Stales to be suspended until said lands Are selected prot Wei that by cd suspension shall not continue for a longer period than three months provided further that the state of Ohio May select the whole or any part of the lands granted to said state from either of the sales through which the said Road is Laid out after said slates shall have selected the lands granted to them by this act. Quot Sec. 3. And be it further Educ cd. That when have been selected the cum Berland Road with All materials which May have been procured by the United sales for the prosecution of the same shall be surrendered to the said states respectively and the entire control thereof shall i hereafter be vested in said states and said Road shall be completed within eight years from the passage of this act and when completed shall be free from any tolls or charges whatever for property or Quot ,j Eitnier of the Afore. The said Road within the Lime specified in Thi such state so failing shall forfeit to the United All the lands which Mav remain unsold and also be United suites or Perse Long Tho same. Rocky mountains i close my Mouth As to own. Spain was a party to that treaty but she did not a recollect right till Homo time after wards. A a Bosta with perfect confide and do not make of its accuracy into it of but such u my impression. Spam came into it afterwards protesting that she did not yield any rights on the Northwest coast and Only when that protest was concurred in did she Leeomo a party. As to France prior to 1713, she never asserted a title to one foot of territory from the isthmus of Darien to the Arctic Circio on the Pacific coast. And yet England and France according to Tho version which homr. Benton gives and with Tho impression is would produce upon the Senate and upon Tho country parcelled out what to now Call Sre on. Yet Wing of the Nootka Soun d convention Biff. A roil with the assent of Christendom Spain As and defended her title to Tho whole of that coast it would be Folly for Molo go even for an in stunt into the org ments by which All thin he been Buat Aind. no Man senator or otherwise can Controvert. Let to now congratulate one who most kindly did me Tho Honor some time since in most flattering Ian town re Frith his Permisson Quot a Niimd the e he i ors Orlanbo ill by laps valuable. Lie said to hoped the committee would Lee that Good policy required the adoption f his amendment and that such As desire o see the measure successful would vote for it and he also hoped that the House id see the policy of putting this subject forever at rest. In his Friendly inter a a great numbers of his cons titu had informed them Itiat if Thi Grant of land \ Ohio measure of jus yet believed Thi contented with after hold the House would appreciate and not hesitate to Maki or. Faran insisted Marks that the govern by its original a Impact not by the appropriation App re obtained it would end r the Cumberland in id Illinois. Although the be was Virv deficient Ite his constituents would be Leland Grant and forever peace. He trusted the his moderation. Of lands but by few Brit should Tho Sta Bee his Road a und by a rate a Singi Jee Ause Thi he general go made if the Ich a Della Govi Grot ment co and that with the 3 they had Tohe would not solitary acre of the Road by old be justify t tie comp be states we that traction said Road As Provie cd in this act. Quot Sec. 5. And be it further enacted. That the said lands hereby granted to said states shall not to disposed of at Ilis Price than the minimum Price pc the time being of other Public lands belonging t the United states. And in any of Tho lands a elected under the provisions of shia act shall be claimed under any of Tho pro emotion Laws of the United states at Tho Lime of Tho selection thereof the said states shall be and hereby Are required to extend to said claimants All the benefits which they would be Enli. Tied to if the same had not thus been selected provide that the lands selected within the slate of Ohio after offering them at Public Sale which shall a no within one year after such selection May All times liable to private entry at the same minimum of other Public lands belonging to the United or. E. Smith sent to the clerk s table to be read a memorial which be had this morning received from citizens of Illinois demonstrating against the land plan of appropriation. Or. Schenck also sent to the table a remonstrance of a similar kind. Or. E. Smith then addressed the com Mitten briefly in explanation and in vindication of his own course of action on this subject. He believed it was the duty of this government to make appropriations in Money for the continuation and completion of the Cumberland Road but i had Little Hope now that any thing of that kind could be obtained for Ever since Thi which she had mad they came into the Union. Or. Pettit concurred entire opinion expressed by the gentle had just taken his seat or. A the Only ground on which the Cor of this Road by the general go could be urged was by virtue of the various compacts which had been made with the slates of Ohio Indiana and Illinois and at a subsequent period with Missouri and he for one was Here to demand the right of these states to the appropriation of so much Money As was necessary to the construction of the Road. He did not concur with the gentleman from Indiana or. Wick that if the amendment was agreed to the people would never ask anything More Here. A or. Wick. It is a matter of perfect understanding Between myself and my constituents that i would take the course made so upon most occasions when i met them on the stump. Or. Pettit differed with the gentleman and with his constituents. He would not give the highest Feather that the Breeze Over blew for All Tho land that Congress would give for it was nol according to Tho compact. He would enter into no such understanding As that which Tho gentleman had indicated and to should vote against the amendment. Or. Schenck obtained the floor but yielded for the moment to or. Yell who gave notice of the following amendment Quot be it further in Cecii. That the sai5 Road Shau be continued from St. Louis in Missouri through the states of Missouri and Arkansas the nearest and most practicable route to san Antonio in the slate of Texas and for the come Letton of said triad in the Quot tates of Missouri and Arkansas there is hereby Foresaid and to to thereof for the Road in said slate a that timing Quantity of Public Lanty granted to the state of Ohio Over and above tha Quantity granted t to is not m my Power to to what the action of a Ress May be. For my confident that the people Road will never be Satis til at least partial if not full jus be be done in relation to this matter. Or. Holmes. If the gentleman is Here at the next session of Congress and this question should now be decided one Way or another will he say that he will trouble himself no further about it or. . I will not make any premature committal. I wish to leave myself perfect Liberty of action so Long As i remain Here. Or. Owen took the floor but yielded or. G. W. Jones Between whom and or. C. B. Smith and or. Boyd some Quot Quot pc Owen Sither yielded to enable or. G. Davis to give notice of the following amendment Quot and whereas certain states received 500,0 a it acres of land under and by virtue of an act entitled an act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the Public lands and to Grant Preemption High la approved september 14th, 18-11 be �1 further Enaud that each and every state of the United slates Oiher than those to which the said 500,000 acres of land were appropriated by the act aforesaid shall be entitled and there is hereby appropriated to each of them 500,000 aaes of land and each of Euch states May select that Quantity out of any of the unappropriated Public lands in Quani Ilies of not Leas than 160 acres provided that the lands which every stale May select under this act. Shall be surveyed and sold by the authority and officers of the United slates government As other Public lands and a Tho Money May be received it shall be paid Over to Iho states whose lands May Havo been or. Owen said i propose to detain the committee but a few minutes by any remarks of mine. I shall vote for the substitute offered by my colleague or. Wick the substitute proposing an appropriation of lands and cutting off the crab errand Rozel forever from Federal legislation. I shall vote for it not for the reasons suggested by Tho gentleman from Ohio or. Schenck As those which he suppose ii. Guided the Frie Nils of that amendment not because i will take it As the Best i can get not that i put up with it As thinking that half a loaf is better than no bread but Beca other Tiew states of to it unto 51 pre i shall vote for it because i desire to Iee the question of this Road so far As the action of Congress is concerned settled now at once and forever. I desire Nev a to hear the words Quot Cumberland Road Quot pronounced in this Hall again. As a Western Man i desire this. I believe there is 30t a question of no greater magnitude hat has done us in the West More harm Han this. It misleads our politicians. It tempts them into latitudinal Ion views on the subject of internal improvement. In we can hardly be said to be free agents in the matter. A Public expectation has grown up created very naturally if not very justly by our past legislation a Public expectation in regard to the completion of this Road which causes our legislature of Indiana to pass Quot year after year resolutions unanimously instructing our senators and requesting our representatives to vote for appropriations on this Road. To a feeling so general we must needs in a measure defer. I see Iio end to these expectations Hor to the yearly excitements to which they will necessarily give Rise on this flt or. I see not How the gordian knot Waii be untied therefore i prefer to Cut it. Sir i do not Sharo Tho constitutional scruples of some among the strictest constructionists of the House. I see not that we Are forbidden to improve and adorn the grounds around this Capitol or to Purchase a Library of Congress Tsotigh neither object to expressly specified in the Constitution. 1608 no constitutional objection to building such magnificent pillars As those which surround our chamber unnecessary As they arc and sorry is i am to see where they injure instead of benefiting. But i do see great and

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