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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - May 15, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas RI'TniTNRON �AIJT WEWH: THrBSDAY M0BNIN8. MAT 15,1890. !A LETTER ABOUT EXKS. WASHINGTON i HOLD HAS CHARMS THAT THEM FAST. It I� KaitcwUlly FiuclnatUig In the Liultin nil to M-portunitios here presented. That form of society which is expressed elderly in good dinners and largo, fertile punch bowls, most enthralls tho men, while tho showy afternoon and evening receptions, tho teas and tho endless round of dress paradeB known as calling bind tho women fast in their toils. "What! Leave Washington and go again to the frontier?" exclaimed the pretty wife ufuau army oflicor at one of Mrs. Oaten' famous receptions last week. "Why, if that is to bo my fate 1 declare 1 shall commit suicide. lttither than go to the frontier and leavo dear, dear Washington I will cut my throat." Tho pretty woman meant every word of it, too, and she made shivers run round tho room by drawing a fruit knifo suggestively close to the white skin of her neck. Then she seized a glass of punch, rptaffed it with a laugh, and what had passed for a bit of comedy in tho minds of tho spectators came to an end. But it was not all comedy with the dashing woman, and her poor husband, tho army officer, is out hustling night and day for tho influence which may enable him to secure that boon of boons in tho Bervice-waiting orders at Washington. "A curious commeutary'uii this fascination of Washington life," .said Representative llitt, who is one of the brilliant covorsationalista of the capital, "was afforded by the surrender of Oen. Lee at Appomattox, 1 was then living in the National hotel, which at the close of the war wiut tho fashionable hirtel of the city. Tho Ihuiso was filled with army officers and their wives, and when tho news came from Appomattox and tho people in the street* began to shout and cheer and flaunt their Hags with joy I stepped up to tho parlors to seo how happy the ladies were. Imagine my surprise to find three or four of them in tears, and tho others looking very sad and solemn. 'What is the uattcrf I asked ouo of them. 'Have you not hoard that Gen. Lee hull surrendered to Uen. Grant? .'Yes,' sho replied, half crying) 'and tliat is jnst the trouble. We know this means the end of the war, and that we must leavo Washington and go away to tho country to live again,' and then this woman, like several of her sisters, burst into tears, 1 actually believe," concluded Mr. liitt, "that half of these gay devotees of society would have been glad to Ijavu the war continued a couple of years longer that they might have ro-mained in tho whirl of Washington society." With both men and women fond of Washington life it is not surprising that this is tho place in which the "exes" most do congregate. A man once famous and powerful, whom many people thought might himself become president of the United States, now walks or drives the streets of Washington unknown to nearly all who sea him. He is a handsome man, with iron gray hair, a fine profile, an intellectual face. Bis name is Boat-well-"Lawyer BoutweU" he is called b) tho few who know him-end he was secretary of tho treasury under President Grant, Ho was then a social as well as  political leader, and was seen almost daily at receptions and teas. Now he eschews all such frivolities, and, like the average man of experience and sense, confines his social exploits to the stretching of his legs under tho mahogany where there ia plenty of good wine and 'good company.  Plenty of other "exes" of tho cabinet may bo seen on tho streets of Washington. WiUioni A. Richardson, who succeeded Mr. BoutweU in tho treasury, lives in one of the handsoincst houses in Washington, where he ib chief justice of tho court of claims. Ex-!3eoretary of War Belknap is one of the best known men in tho city of Washington. Ho grows rounder and jollier and more red in tho face as the years go by, and tho circle of his friends appears to be continually widening. He is a gastronome, a wit and a Btory teller. He makes ten or fifteen thousand dollars a year as a claim agent uud spends it all. He has a lovely family and a luxurious home. : The oldest ex-cabinet officer in tho city 1b tho Hon. George Bancroft, who was secretary of the navy about forty years ago. He has lived to see the navy go through four or Ave distinct poriodB, beginning with tho good old days when our ships sailed the seas as proudly and saucily as thowi of any nation, and embracing the glorious tirao of war in which we gave to the world tho Iron clad, the corrupt era following in which many millions wore squandered In useless wooden hulks, and the rennuisaajico now here with' the steel shins and high free Iwnrds taking the place of wooden hulks and the sluggish monitors. Mr. Bancroft's claim to fame rests less upon his direction of tho navy department than upon his diplomatic and literary services, and yet I have heard old naval officers say that ho did much toward organizing and perfecting the navy, particnlarly with reference to tho laws and regulations governing it. For instance, it was through his instrumentality that tho old law making promotions on age alone was changed so that, efficiency became** factor in winning the prizes of the .service. Mr. Bancroft rarely leaves his house -aw, and then only to walk through the pretty garden of his H street homestead on the arm of his faithful German attendant. John A. J. Creswell, who was postmaster general under Grant, is a prominent banker of Washington, and the occupant of a house which has in its day-sheltered the families of six or eight members of the cabinet. A young and active man, who may bo seen any day on tho streets or in tho halls of congress, as full of energy as of good humor, is ex-Postmaster General Hatton. He looks like a boy, but is a successful editor and au influential man. Another ex-postmaster general who lives in Washington is Horatio King. He was in Buchanan's cabinet, and though not then n young man, is still active and busy, taking as keen interest in public affairs as ho ever did. One of his littlefcobbies is the writing of cards to the newspapers, but as ho writes wit and sense it is not by any means an objectionable fad. The Kings live in an old fashioned house, where is held every Saturday night a sort of literary social. Here may be found nearly all of the peoplo in Washington whose achievements in the literary field have made them worth meeting. A famous old man, still hale and hearty, is ox-Secretary of the Treasury McCullocti. who has just gone to his country home, not far from Washington, for the summer. Like Mr. King, he delights in newspaper wilting, and like many old men is as fond of controversy as of his pipe. One of the joys of his life consists of inviting to his table the apostles of protection, such as McKin-iey. Shormau or Allison, and talking tariff to them till the lamp flickers. The lute Judge Kelley. of Pennsylvania, wob often a guest in the McCulloch house, and it is said the pair have discussed the tariff question six or eight hours at a sitting, Ex-Secretary and Senator Bayard is still associated with the capital, though chiefly in a social way. Ex-Attorney General Garland is making a fortune here in the practir.o of law. Ex-Senator Conger, of Michigan, is also a lawyer, and a successful one, though his attention is given chiefly to practice before congress. Ho is tho very efficient and vigilant representative in Washington of tho Lake Vessel Men's association, an association winch embraces a merchant marine interest larger than Hint of the entire American merchant marino on tho ocean. Scores of other ex-senators and ex-representatives are Washington lawyers or claim agents. Ex-Senator McDonald has made a great deal of money representing curtain interests before congress. Gen. B. F. Butler is a large property owner hero, and generally has enough litigation of his own to keep him busy dnring tho part of each year which he spends in Washington. Ex-Governor William Pitt Kellogg, of Louisiana, lives at Vice President Morton's hotel, and is said to make a small fortune each year by his speculations in Washington real estate. Ex-Congressman Eppa Hunton, of Virginia, whose famo as a great constitutional lawyer still continnes, 'is a practicing attorney in Washington. John K. Thomas, who was for ten years a member of congress from tho Egypt region of Illinois, and who designed a war vessel which the navy department is now building, failed to get an office under the present administration, and is making money as a lawyer, with navy department work a ajiecialty. One of the most prominent and prosperous lawyers at the national capital, a man who can command fees which are small fortunes in themselves, is Judge Shellabarger, an ex-member of congress from Ohio. Gen. George B. Williams, Phil Thompson, of Kentucky, and J. Halo Sypher are other ex-statesmen who are earning their bread as lawyers within the shadow of tho great dome. Ex-Pension Commissioners W. W. Dudley and James Tunuer are both getting rich as pension attorneys. Dudley employs fifteen men in his office, and his clientele is rapidly extending. Whatever may bo said of his political methods, Dudley is one of the most popular men in Washington, and his professional and private reputation is above reproach. An ex-senator who never cared to go into law or claims, but who is content to earn his bread as a modest, second class clerk in the war department, is Mr. Sawyer, who sat in the senate from Alabama about twenty '.years ago. Ex-Senator Bruce, the colored man, is a wealthy real estate owner here, and has lately been appointed to a lucrative office in tho government of the District of Columbia. Among many other prominent "exes" is Dr. William A, Hammond, who was for many years surgeon general of the army, He lias just built, near the residence of Mrs. Geo, Logan, a homo which is a veritable palace. Walter Wellban. SKUIX DEVELOPMENT. how to "size up" your friend's intellectual POWERS. IfetitHl Ciilibvr i�n tlonn. Recently the scientists both in Europe and America havo been giving' a good deal or attention to the conformation and measurement of the human head or craniometry, as they call it. The studies of Dr. Frederick Peterson, tho insanity expert anil specialist in nervous diseases, of New York, have been equally extensive. Their conclusions have been reached by accurate measurements and not by feeling bumps. Dr. Peterson said to me THK FRONTAL LOBES, "lu men noted for great attainments and intellectual capacity all the diame- wnen no cans tno intra time, always for a match to light Ms cigar, thoy are prepared to givo him nn answer. If his suit Is regarded with favnr he is politely requested to step iusiiie for liie ftrst Miuo uud is sorved with n light. If lie M not accepted ho 1b refused n light and the door Is shut In his face without further ceremony. But having prepared for this contingency, tho downcast suitor will In all probability light his weed with a mntch from his own box, ami wnlk Away musing on the transitory nuturo of all earthly things. When tho accepted suitor is invited to enter tho housa lie, as a matter of con rue, Informs the parent.* which of their dniiKh-tera has captivated his fimcy. When this Is settled the young man steps forward and they join hands. While tho engagement is by no mcana oauaidercd a net tied fact even at tula Important *tnge, yet It is Htated as a truth that when on the occasion of the young man's third visit his Inamorata has offered Mm a second cigar, which he had smoked In the house, tho engagement has uever been canceled.-Philadelphia North Ajncricau. 1 Hypnotism for Sargvry. Eddy Carten, a St. ajOuIs newsboy, while trying to board a c-nr, fell under the wheels and wna seriously injured. He began to , � , . ,, . scream with pain, whereupon a Mr, Thay- tera and arcs of the skull are far nbov#! \ eVt ueen noted that in people born blind this part of the head is smaller than it should be. In contradistinction to quack phrenology the perceptive power is located here in place of Gall's philoprogeniiiveucss and bump of ama-tiveness. Gall located the perceptive power immediately over the eye, behind which is a cavity in the bono containing no brain. "Tho average circumference of an adult- man's skull is 20} inches and of an adult woman's 19J inches. The average length of the aro from tho roof of the nose over the top of the head to the mosit prominent point on the back of tho head is in man 12) Inches and in the woman 12*. The average length of the arc from one ear to tho other over the highest part of the head is in a man 12J inches and in a woman 12x. The average antcro-poeterior diameter, that is from the middle of the forehead in a straight Hue to tho hindmost part of tho head, is in a man 7 inches and in a woman 6J. Tho average diameter through tho widest part of a man's head, from side to side in a straight line, is 5J inches, aud of a woman's head inches. These are only a few of the more important measurements taken, "I never made less than seventeen measurements and three drawings of each head. But in the most careful studies sometimes from 30 to 130 separate arcs and diameters are measured. It will be seen that the head of a woman is on an average smaller than that of a man, just as her brain weighs several ounces less. While it may be taken as a general rule that a head of lar^e dimensions is associated with unusual capacity in some one or other direction, it is, of course, not always the case. One can easily imagine, or may even have met wiLh persons with large heads who seemed to enjoy considerable emancipation from tho bonds of intellect; aud one can readily conceive of much of their brain substance being replaced by more ordinary- tissues or substances required to prevent the formation of a vacuum. PAC'KISU OP THK UHAl^. The skull bones may bo twice, as thick as usual, or there may bo au unusual amount of fluid in the cavities of the brain and its coverings. Again, a person with a rather small head may havo more thinking centers to tho cubic inch of brain than the other; less fat, less water, less packing of every kind, as in the case of Gain bet la, whose brain was rather small. The word'packing' Is an excellent one to use in this connection, for it describes tho condition perfectly. Just as delicate china or glass vessels aro packed away in sawdust, hay, etc., for shipping, so the fragile cells containing memories and thoughts aro packed away in an enormous quantity offt&ubstance, known aa connective tissue, which differs relatively little from hay and sawdust in structure as seen under the microscope, and which serves an equally efficient purpose. Hence an idiot is occasionally, though indeed rarely, seen with an unusually large bead; but in the packing of his cranium valuable structures were left out by the thoughtless workmen, and only the hay and sawdust stowed away, "Up to the age of 23 the development of a man's skull depends on his educa* tion, and, in fact, his entire environment. Subsequently the mind may develop a great deal, but the skull will not. From the age of 25 the skull retains the same proportion and tho name dimensions, and it is on this account that certain measurements of the head become useful as a means of identification of adults. They may change their appearance in many respects, but cannot voluntarily alter tbe shapes of their heads. M, Bertillon has Incorporated, therefore, certain Bkull dl aineters in his system of identification of criminals, now much employed in France, but as yet little In this country.'* --How York Herald. would hypuotUu 1dm. Suiting the action to the word ho pUwed his hands on the boy's eyes and commanded him to be quiot. Immediately the little chap's cries ceased and he lay as She dead, apparently oblivious of Bverythtnp. Tho lad remained in this state for over an hour, while the doctor examined afid dressed the injured big, which had sustained n compound fracture. When the doctor was netting Eddie's leg the little fellow, though seemingly uucon-�eious, evinced si^un of paiu by drawing up his lip. Mr. Thayer, noticing this, sternly commanded him to close his month. The boy obeyed instantly and never moved a muscle again until the doctor had completed his operniion aud requested Mr. Thiiyer to wnkn i he patient, which he did by snapping he* lingers before tho boy's eyes. There wen? a number of persona present, among whom were several physicians, who pronounced the power possessed by Mr. Thayer an something remarkable.- St. Louis Letter. Sflre Cure for Elevator SlrkneM. Tho elevator In the modern big building.-* has only one dm wback-that Is the sickness it causes when the ear is suddenly �topped. To people of a delicate constitution this sickness is often such a serious matter that to tho.m the elevator is a dangerous blessing. This sickness can he avoided by otwerving simple physical laws. Elevator sickness i.s caused by the same law that throws a person to the ground when ho gets oil a moving ear in the wrong way. The stoppage of the elevator car brings i\ dizziness to the head and sometimes a nausea at the stomach. Tho internal organs seem to want to rise into the throat. All this comes from the fact that all parts of the body are not stopped at the some moment of time. Thu feet being next to the ear floor stop with the car, while other ]>ortions of the body coutiuuo moving. If the body as u whole can be arrested at the same time with the feet there will be no sickness. This can lx-done by placing the head and shoulders against the car frame. Then will Ik-uo sickness. It is a sure preventive.-New York Journal. Tlio Way to Court In Holland. In certain parts of Holland, when _ young man thinks he has found Ids ailla-Ity, it Is customary for him to ask for a match to light his cigar at the door of the loved one's house. This Uttlo subterfuge is iutondud to arouse the pareuts of the girl to the fact that something is ia tho wind. If a second call with a similar object la made soon after, no doubt la left of the young man's intentions, and the parents proceed to investigate the young man's ehurauter and antecedent* with the view of uftcertaiuiug his eligibility mi a member of tha Lunifv. . lecturer KcuaAiTft Xetxusl*. Vieorge Kennhn, the Siberiau traveler, author and ifcuirer, is one of the most fluent, interesting and inexhaustible con versatioualists. Col. Charles De Arnaud, a Russian who has lived iu this country since lb$2, but who still maintains relations with the Russian government, Is constantly on the track of Mr. Kt-nuan. He has made it his duty, since thu first of Tho Century articles appeared, to deny every statement contained in them which would in an, way reflect upon tho Russian government or the Siberian s^vsteiu of exile. Whenever Mr. Kennan is interviewed iu the papers Col. l)e Arnaud is interviewed also, and whenever Mr. Ken nan makes a statement of unpleasant facts Col. De Arnaud makes it his business to controvert them. In tho face of the disclosures of the horrors of tho mines of Kara, Col. De Arnaud insists that the oxilo system is far superior to the American system of punishment for political crimes. He has recently published a pamphlet iu reply to Mr. Ken nan, discussing his charges against Russia, to which .the Siberian traveler baa paid no attention!-Current literature. The Mnstrr nf tho Chicago lYhpnt VIt I* a ClotH* Htmlvnt iiti'l n Gaott Tnliter. {tfpedal Corrmpotidence.] Chicaoo, May 1.-When tho market Is active and tho wheat pit on tho floor i of tho board of trodo contains a buzzing, shouting, Bcreaming swarm of brokers, the eyes of those most deeply interested are not so much on the dial where the fluctuationg in price an* being constantly registered ns on a grim aud terror inspiring figure stalking alnmt near tho grand Btaircaee. This is "Old Hutch," as he has been christened by those who have fallen in the fray. So large a percentage of tho population bear the scars of wounds received in the wheat pit Umt tho fame of B. P. Hutchinson as a financier is obscured by the notoriety of "Old Hutch." Probably no prominent cliaracter in the west is more generally misunderstood than he. Even hia enemies have to acknowledge that his moat diBastrona forays on the market havo invariably been preceded by repeated warnings to the crowd to *'stand from under," which, had they been Accepted, would have meant eafety. Unprejndieed observers can see plainly enough that what some of hia rivals accomplish by means of trickery, luck and recklees "bhtfllng," thw much traduced veteran owes to his extraordinary physical vitality, his phenomenal energy and a vigilance that never relaxes for nmoment. A very few of Mr. Hntcliinson'fl business associates know him as something more than the terror of tho wheat market, and they thoroughly enjoy his society. When 'change opens they stand aloof, for the "old man" is carrying in his mind the operations of a dozen brokers, who are reporting constantly how the battle wages in the pit. When the bell taps at the close the veteran stalks a little way up tho street to Ids bank, the Corn Exchange. Here the loose ends of tho day's business are picked tip and some laconic general orders issued for the morrow. Toward 4 p. m. a few congenial spirits will bo found in the Century club drinking in tho wisdom that falls from the lips of "Old Hutch." But if any one expects to hear a word about how to get money out of wheat, or ont of anything else for that matter, disappointment awaits hiin. It is Thoreau. his favorite philosopher, Margaret Fuller, the dispersion of the raceB, the theory of evolution, the poetry of Browning, Tennyson, Daute, Shakespeare, evolution, religion, art, music, medicine-the whole range of subjects which appeal to the intelligence of en-lighteucd humanity supply texts for the discourse of this wonderful man. His grammar is often faulty, and his pronunciation occjisionaUy something to smile at. He seos the* smile and affably ex plains how he never went to school a day in his life. Bnt he has a rugged eloquence that never fails to impress those who listen. Thoy know that this man. who is master of trade and finance, lias read moro books than the professors, and read them better; that ho knows pictures and poetry better than the pain-ters and the ptH;ts; that ho haa looked deep into tho lives of tho men and women of history and found in them moro than their biographers dreamed of. Often the old man holds forth on these matters, over au occasional glass of beer aud cheese sandwich, until within an hour of dawn. Then his little audience crawl-H off to bed. But bed is not in the thoughts of "Old Hutch." He gives his big form a shake, and, going to tho office of Ids favorite newspaper, buys tho first sheet wet from tbe press, boards a horse cur and is at the 6tock yards by sunrise. Usually a day thus begun makes history in the wheat pit. C. D. 19 and 21 East Sherman Street, DOES A GENERAL T0B PRINTING Book Making -AND- Business A SPECIALTIES III THE BOOK Journals, Ledgers, Balance Books, Minor Abstract Books, Blank Books of all kinks, Land Examiner's Books Loan Registers, County Records,  Manilla Copy Books, Ward Registration Books, White Paper Copy Books, Scale Books a specialty Real Estate Contract Books, Attorney's Collection Registers. -* of the^o eft, oods We car- _The above is only a partial list ry and the work we are prepared to execute promptly. We are making a specialty of Magazine Book Binding! V TUA Stiiullett Eleutrio riant. The smallest electric light plant la exists ence Is rigged u|> with two tiny motors and a piece of string ut the ICdbjon company's wiring departnu-nr, ou Fifth avenue, for the aifeLLBemout of visitors. The motors are af the sort made for thn uso of dentists and others wiyliin^ only a trifling power. They are esthriMti'il to furnish about one-eighth of one h'irsc power, mid Ktand only ciyhfc inches hfijh. \Vheu their wheels are connected hy 'h pu-ce of tttriog for a belt and the current U turned on to one of them it supplies power to drive the other, which thereupon becomes a dynamo and makes electricity instead of consuming it. An or dinary electric lump is fastened to the top of the improvised dyounio by wires, and the little machhie makes Just enough electricity to keep it burning as long as tho current Is on the first machine and the string doesn't bi-eak.-New York San. Bis Large Proctioe. Time was when young lawyers frittered away years in establishing a practice, but that time hns p.-uaed. A young lawyer who recently hung oat a shingle had an experience which GEO. L. MORRIS. President JFKAJNK VINCENT, Treasurer. JOHN P. VINCENT, . tJscreWy THE HUTCHINSON If new calicoes aro allowed to lie in strong salt water an hour before the first washing the colors are less likely to fade. A mineral oil of a beautiful pink color has been discovered near Bowling Green, J Ky.\ The oil Is odorless when cold, but when heated It emits an odor uot unlike that of attar of roses. It burns slowly, with a torn colored name. The cane recently presented to President Harrison by Col. A. U Snowdeo, minister to Greece, was mode; from the oaken yoke that held the bell on Independence hall in 1770. Tho fold eap 00 the end of tho stick , is inscribed'with a brief history p| It, Capital Stock, $100,000. Capacity 1000 Banels Per Day Office is Hutohtnson National Bank building, HutchinsOD, Sttt A. j. host, President Kbahx VoioiaiT, Vloe-Pre*. 0. H. Hum, Oaintei HUTCHINSON NATIONAL BANK I HUTOH1HBOH, KANSAS. OLDEST KTATIONAli BANK. IN HtTTOmMff OvcandiMd Jmu 10, 1884- Oapital 8tock Paid up, SurplM, 188,00040. AnthoriMd Coital, tMWOMMW* \W Will do a (Hsaral Banking Bnslneu. Buy mA ��U Dam**** �4 Ifoflljtt; chugs. CWleo�OM promptly and t�Biitt�dio�OT A 3303 98 4384 ;