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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - July 29, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas 2 HITfTTlNPON I�AI1.Y NFWH: TTFSPAY MOR^TNO. ,TTLY 29. 1U��. OCEAN VOYAGE ON ICE. I NCVEL PROPOSITION TO CROSS THE WATER TO EUROPE. Jk Pino Wliloli WoiiI flail out that icebergs float because they nro lightur tlimi water. Many grand rosults are attribiitablo to tho first of these divinations of one of theso long impenetrable mysteries, and most iwtonisbing consequence.* are about to attend thy application of the second fact of natural philosophy. It is rather extraordinary, when you come to think of it, that 500 years should have clnpsed between tin* discovery that iee would float and the practical determination to float it. Hut man has a way of making his utilitarian purposes answer a crying necessity, of doing things only when tho world seems to ho able no longer to do without them, Railroad travel in little more than a hnudred years old, yet we wonder how mankind managed to do without it, for �,U00 or 7,000 years. A NOVEL SCHEME. It is pro[>oHOd to construct a dozen towing vessels uf maximum power, to lie operated singly, in pairs, in groups, or all at once,'as tho circumstances may determine. Tlieso will ho constructed with special reference to their used and �will he in many ways unique. These 'aHH he sent into the polar regions to gather tows of tho greatest practicable burden that may ho united to traffic and transportation. As thi^se vast areas of ice iM'come detached by force of winds and currents they cava a natural tendency toward warmer latitudes, and move with such readiness that no great force will bo rwjuired to give them reg ular direction along a desired course. Unassisted tbese'mouster'bergs frequent-Jy approach to withiu 40 deos. of the eqnntor, and by expediting their speed they could be got to that point with perfect security and with little diminution of their original balk. These town, ranging in extent from one to five acres and in height above �water from fifty to throe thundred feet, will be brought into direct competition with tho English, French and German lines of steamers plying !>etweeu Now York and European points during the summer season. On these tloatWg islands of ice will he every imagined convenience for the comfort and pleasure of passengers and tho rates of passage will be reduced to tho minimum of proiit. In this latter particular the projectors of the schema seem to us to have made a serious mistake, Tho inducement to travel by this means will be sufficient without making any sacrifice of passage money. It is estimated that the trip from Liverpool to New York can be made within two days of tho l>est running time of tho ocean greyhounds; but this increase of timo will make no difference to tho passengers, who will find tho extra pleasure of the voyage more than a compensation. l.UXUItV on AN 1UEBERU. The appointments will be luxurious, rugs, cushions, awnings, easy chairs and sofas, water proof mattings, and to secure privacy a unique arrangement of screens for those who do not care to patroni; the berth:! will bo hewn in tho side elevations of the berg. part of (ho ice palace will ba reserved for skating and sledding, another part for various games ami sports, whilo near tho center, secluded from one another, will he two basins cut into tho icon:i-l fill11 with salt water for tho benefit of thos,! who may wish to tako plunge baths. All tint cook-ing for the passengers will be done on board the tugs, and will bo transferred to the "island" in BinalllKUts. The tables will be simple lodges of iee at short intervals. Thero will be promenade.! and "cliuilra," and ono of the favorite undertakings with the adventuresome will be mounting Vo tho uuc::plor.-.l regions of the masses that tower :;'M feet above the mean level of the island. There will bo no d.i:i;;-.'r of any one freezing to death. im th; siriply uf bl:r.i'.:eU. etc., will eiiabl m-li.-1! p.-r.vr.i to control tho temperatur * to Mil; liims'-lf, and it is estimated thut. t'.i,' aver;: ;e lem-Jteralmo wiH Irt- about.'. ) '1- T.l ' poa-doru;-i:y of the ice ni-m wi'.l ;;r -atly di niiul.ih the rolling motion iie-idviit upon ordiiKiry travel, an 1 will co;-iv^u:)diiigly decrease the liability to t; �xiic', a very grave consideration wiLlimany who ure deterred from uccaa voyaging through t'.ieir horror of mil do mer,and in case of storm it can lie understood what great advantages the passengers would enjoy in comparative freedom from disturbing commotion. As only about tho eighth part of the *utiro bulk uf cuo of those masses of ice shows above tho water this new style of ocean sailer would bo most substantial, and it is oven believed each island might be used to tow a cargo back to England. At any rate the quality of ice bronght into New York harbor each trip would revolutionize tho ice traffic in that city. Tho prospect held out by the Chicago man is delightful to contemplate, and we can imugiue tho joy of 'M0 persons sailing the ocean blue on an i�lund of ice, reclining upon hammocks of crystal, lnnghing in the face of baffled Sol, and culling dowu blessings on the blustering frost king of the frigid north. Ah! llie ineffable blit-s of freezing and thawing at pleasvro! It is hoped tho iceberg tram-it company will be organized in short order. - Chicago inter Ocean. the rule, in st'ir;, i no not nenove mat lluro is any rule on this subject; for when I see around ino people who are living noble lives, with no distinguishing mark thereof in their countenances; when I see about me people who nro deep in defilements, but upon whose visages there is absolutely no token thereof, I am forced to the unhappy conclusion that tho human face is an enigma whose secrets none can solve with tho positivo assurance that comes cither by rulo or by experience. Character may, in a broad way, leave its reflex on the human face, but it is my belief that a man may or may not have character, ijprpito tho beauty or blemish of his aCMtenance. In other words, the one factor is in no wise the necessary complement of the other. "What is tho practical significance of wind 1 have been saying? Do not bo ovorzoalous in defining the virtues or shortcomings of those about you. To know a man's character yon must know tho man. Tho ancients were accustomed to sum up all knowledge in the now trite phrase 'Know thyself.' On mature thought they found the realization of this assertion to be a more poet's dream. No man can know himself absolutely. How then can he know his friend, whom ho knows but imperfectly and at best through a distorted medium1;1 The world is neither good nor bad. It is both together-just as a summer season approaches the fulfillment of the law by the blending of sunshine and shadow, sunlight and rain. "-Detroit Free Press. Illlllurd Cue Tip*. 'Few people,* said Harry Davis the >thcr day to a reporter, "understand anything about tho tip to a billiard one. I dam say there are hundreds of the best players in Pittsburg who know only that the tip is uift'^ of leather. As to where it comes from, how it is made, or what it costs, they are totally ignorant. There aro several grades of tips, costing from fl.tiO to$3per 100. Tho $1.50 kind arc very inferior and aro not used in first-class rooms. It is economy in tho best billiard rooms to use first-class tips. Take a room having from fifteen to twenty tablos, and the item of tips is a big one. In a year it will reach at least $250 to -"300. "Ordinary leather is uot used in the manufacture of billiard tips. A very .-lioiee quality has to be used, and it is ; alined and otherwise prepared by a special process. Thero aro no billiard tips .nade in this country. They come mostly from Paris, where much aire is used in preparing them. Paris turns out the liest tips in tho world. Thero is a loss, ;iowever, to the purchaser in tho very best tips of about 10 per cent, because of imperfect ones. A flaw is generally the result. It is found in the parted section holding tho leather tip proper to its base. A tip with a flaw in it makes a very unsatisfactory cue." - Pittsburg Dispatch. _ Where Some Emigrant* Come Kr-un I visited the vineyards at Bronte, Sicily, wliich are 1)00 acres in extent, and where some 110 men. under a surveyor, .vere trenching the ground in one long line. They were a poor looking lot, but ippeared tmise their implements, whicl: are more like axes than spades, to good purpose. When they do not, at such times us English eyes are not upon them the surveyor's stick or whip plays pretty freely about their backs, J believe, and .vithout vigilance they will not work at 11. They come from their villages on Monday morning and return on Satur-lay night. They are lodged, receive breo meals, and about eightpence a day fhe first two meals arc given in the .ineyard, each man having a sardine, a .much of excellent bread, and a "pull' :t tho wine barrel. The third meal, before dismissal in the yard at night, consists of porridge, served in a trough, .'roni which they scoop it out with their angers, liaving discarded tho spoons orig-.nally provided them.-English Illustrated Magazine. Thu Nl.-icura River Cuuit). The. Niagara River canal is expected ro cost $3,500,000 and furnish 110,000 oorse power. With coal at$lorC*i;i ion, the cost oT ono horso power is placed at from �V.l to �10 a year, or. roughly, ten Ions of coal per year per horse power Thi.i canal, if it gives the tstimati horse power, will funii:;b a power ahou cnnal to l.-.'iKM'OJ tons u year. This will rest, t:i:ci:i,^ a capitalized valu.j t;f [�er cent, on the investment, i'KO.Wi the first onlliiy, :uid at least us lmuc; more for maintenance and repairs. Th horso power will therefore be about:: �heap as conl at twenty ceubi a ton, and it appeam capable of almost indefinite expansion unless the falls an; considcre of morevalne than horse power.-New York Telegram. It is Etrnnge how badly we get im portant matters of history mixed. Ask any well informed person who invented the sewing machine and the reply will be Elios Howe, which is far from the truth in tho case. The first sewing m: chine was patented in England by Thomas Baint in 1700, sixty years before Howe was born. One of Saint's old uio-ehitiH is now on exhibition in the Royal Agricultural hall, Islington. England.- Bt. Louis Republic. One causo assigned by several physi cioiii' and druggists for tho fact that urar.y become victims to tho opium vie i� from the use of itntipyreye. A grca: number of young women, and cspcciall; fuuialu clerks, tuko untipyrcno in sue ijuuutities that it finally loses its restoru tivo power. Then they resort to mo; phiuc. Selecting u ttimrtlluf; HuUM). A man came into my study last week I who told ulu of a new method of finding i a boarding place. He went, he said, into | a good meat shop, and asked the butcher to tell him of tho boarding houses where he sold the best meat. The butcher gave him two places, and he at once went and engaged board. The method was new to mo, but it was pretty wise. It was certainly going to tho foundation of things.-Advance. Fmmui ttod Obaravtur. "I am beginning more and mors to doubt the truth of tho statement tljit our fcoea nro living indexoa to our characters," said an elderly gentleman, lis he threw dawn the morning paper in which ho bad been reading im account of come peculiarly atrodous murder. "LLroisa cane," he went on, "in which a uiun proved guilty of the most fiendish murder hail a face) that in anything but that of a marderer'e iu appearance. I cannot cv�!i Ujlieve that tbia is on execution to BISONIC KCTB DAYS. TThat the ^nttiiunrlan of 2,000 Tear* llenco "(V.ll Think uf lliu I'rcaeut Imagine acultivatad person frora nin dostan, or 6ay tha heart of Australia-: man who knew tho English laagua^, thoroughly, but who by sad fato ha never heard of a baseball gamo-sitting do mi to read a skillfully writtojuccoun. of u i;reat contest li'.-o that bsf.vec.i thi CulTaloa and the New Yor'.ts. To inaki tha point plainer yet i.uagini) this schol arly genlluman as livia;; L'.OOJ year, hoaco, and as having du.j u;> from t.i ruiiu of B;iffalo u pii-rjclly prassrvj newspaper cf tha dato Juas 21, 1033. I archaeological ecstasy he seats himaol amid tho ruins of the so'.dicrj' moau ment-loo'.:inj jnst as thay do now- an proceeds to road: "Giants jumped on. Buffalo wipe, tho diamond with New York's puts. Dack Esvinj told tho m!ghty pitcher a gathor up UU loins and mow down th Eisons. Whoa tho Diaoas nut on Ma inciter in the ninth Unci took o;t };'.:n, anj on being answered in the affirmative asked how much he would give. On being told 4:700 he handed t'.i-::i over, and oa getting tho money left ta * store and that was t'.ie last seen of hi:n. This was the proprietor's story. How much truth there \v is in it thu poiice could only conjecture. In another instance where the police wero hunting for several ladies' rings, a diamond locepin and a diamond bracelet, they were found in a Broadway jewelry store a few blocks above Madison square. The person who sold them, according to tho proprietor, was a young lady who had every appearance of respectability and refinement. Shu told the owner that she was an English woman recently arrived in the country. Her funds had become exhausted sooner than she expected, and it was positively necessary for her to begin a western journey at once. It would take her some time to communicate with her friends at home to obtain the necessary money. So she had no other nltomativo but to realize on her jewels. She was given $1,200 for the jewels, but although she was particular to request the proprietor to keep thorn, as she wished to redeem them, she had never shown up. The police snbseq ueutly discovered t hat the woman was under tho protection of a well known thief, who had committed the burglary.-Now York Journal. tinned no injury, ms general neaitn v.'.u fair. On examination it was found that ho had a marked prominence over tho spino iu its upper portion, givijg riso to a deformity such as is commonly seen in hunchbacks, and which is the result of an inflammatory disease affecting r.lio vertebra-, and known as Pott's disease. The spinal cord Is a dependency of the bruin, and really is itscoutintiation, mid lies within a bony canal formed by tho hones of tho spine. The nerves issuing from it govern the power of motion and sensation of those parts of the body to which they aro distributed, and any interference with them destroys their function and paralysis more or leas complete ensues, although sensation may bo retained, for the sensor nerves are givon off from a different portion of the cord. From this physiological fact it was at once surmised that tho boy's paralysis was duo to some prossuru upon tho roots of the motor nerves governing the liwer limbs, and an ojieratiou waadecided upon. The put lent having been placed under the influence of ether, a longitudinal incision, including all the tissues down to the epine, was made over the Bito of the prominence, tho skin and muscles wero lifted up togethor and tho dorsal aspect of the vertebras exposed and tho projection sawed off, thus opening up the canal in which the cord lies, whereupon a considerable bulging was perceived. This rjenibrano was divided, revealing nn abscess which was thoroughly emptied, tho swolling disappearing entirely. Tho opening made in tho membrane was closed by lino catgut sutures and the wound was dressed. The paralysis did not improve for sonio time, hut it graduallv disappeared.-New York World. Kvll Effect* or Catarrh. It has lieon the rulo to consider nasal catarrh almost entirely a local disease, uud ouo which has very little effect upon the general system. All this is being rapidly disproved, and it is being buowu that if the nose is in an unhealthy state there is quite a long list of affections which may he induced in consequence. Hay fever has often been cured by applications to certain points in th3 nasal passages. Asthma, also, hns yielded to the same treatment, it is a well known fact that when tho victim of catarrh suffers from dyspepsia scarcely any improvement in tho latter can be made, no matter what is done for it, until the former is on the gain. Evidence is not wanting to show that severe functional disturbances of the lungs, and oven of tho heart, are sometimes induced by nasal trouble. Recently there was reported tho caso of a woman who had had epilepsy for several years, and although she had patiently sought relief no improvement took placo until applications wero made to her nose and iU condition improved. Uuder that line of treatment entiro recovery occurred. Very many other cases are on record which show that tho relation between the nose and other parts of the system is very intimate, the connection being of course through the nerve system.-Halls Journal of Health. New Metlioil of Covering Pulley*. An important improvement has been made in tho covering of pulleys, by which it i� claimed 50 per cent, more power can be transmitted, and all Blip-ping is reduced to im imperceptible factor. This system comprises tho following point:*: It consists in the employment of a specially prepared leather covering for the pijlley wliich in extremely soft and elastic and never gbzes by the nibbing action of tho belt, c,3 ia the case when ordinary leather is employed for this purpose. It is applied to tho pulley and held firmly to it for all time by meaus of a special cement, which is soft und never liardenB, like ordinary cement or glue. No rivets of any kind aro employed, but the leather covering is firmly attached to tho iron of the pulley by the cement alone. Ouco ntt"ched tho covering will stand for years and never loosen or come ad except when naturally worn out, tho length of lU'.io varying with the circumstances and work done. This system will bo i:ivaln:tblo to those t-nga;;ed i:i thu transmission of power by means of belts ia the operatioa of machinery of all lauds.-New York Commercial Advertiser. The Oreendale Onk. A curious historic interest attaches to the groat Oreendale oak of Walbac'.; Abbey. One hundred and seventy-six years ago the Duke cf Port lend made In (lc�|;raiiliy. A curiona incKlent ic^.::'ai:r; a i-u-;;it occarn-.l tairi'.'.g the Ras:-.ian war. It wor.I.I have liee:i hulicrovis, if anything can lie ludicrous connected v.itii wa;. Commodore Eliiot was blockading a Russian equadrou ia the CJ nil' of Sag'ua-Un, on the east coast of Liberia. Thiuk-\it� ho had thu Russians in a c'al de sac he complacently waited for them to come out, as the water was too Bhallow for him to attack them. As the enemy did not come out ho sent ia to investigate, and found to his astonishment that Russians and ships had vanished. While he had been waiting for them in the south they hod quietly slipped out by tho north, teaching both him and the British government a rather severe lesson in geography, as it had been thought that Saghalin was an isthmus, and they were totally unaware of a narrow channel leading from thu gulf to the Sea of Okhotsk.-Chambers' Journal. The wooden parts of tools, such as stock of planes and handles of chisels, aro often made to have a nice appearance by Frendi polishing, but this adds nothing to their durability. A much better plan ia to let them soak in linseed T.l tor a weak, und rub them with a cloth for a fe v minutes every day for n week or two. This ;iroduces a beuuti-ful surface, und exerts a sulidifying and preservative action on the wood. 119 and 21 East Sherman Street, DOES A GENERAL{] T0B PRINTING Book Making Business. SPECIALTIES IH THE BOOK DLPABTMEN1. Jonrbals, Ledgers, > Balance Books, Minor AbstracfBookB, Blank Books of all kiDks, Land Examiner's Books Loan"Registers, County Records, Manilla Copy Books, Ward Registration Books, "White Paper Copy Bioks, Scale Books a specialty Keal Estate Contract Books,] Attorney's Collection Registers. RAILROAD NOII13. A fair averugo freight car load Is estl mated at 23,000 pounds. On a "standard" gauge railroad tun rolls �re 4 feet and U inches apart. Tbi 1r�; >Jient�l railway was projected '.n New York city in 1bv1 and completed in tbia The Inrgest locomotive now in use wflglis 71) tons and bus twelve driving r heels. It was not until 1820 that suitable machinery whs devised for rolling rails into other that tha shapes. Joseph Smith recently recovered �80,000 from the New York Central Railroad coin- Esay for Injuries caused by a defective rake. A "horse" locomotive was once devised which wus operated by a horse treading an endless platform. Tbls drew it car at the rate of twelve miles an hoar. The New York, Lake Krlo snd Western railroad changed the guugo of Its entire liur from 0 feet to 4 foot 0 Inches in a single Sunday without the stoppage of trains. The above is only a partial list of the goods we carry and the �work we aie piepared to execute promptly. We are making a specialty of Magazine Book Binding! and we bind Magazines and Law Books in all styles and at lowest'prices. We wish the public to understand that we are ready and prepared to execute any kind o! Printing or Book Workl Have stock forms, but can make special forms to order. We guarantee all work and solicit patronage. Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention. Address, NEWS PRINTING AND PAPER GO. Hutchinson, Kas. V KVii ^LJl^�^*-:]^V-^A*^!l"�^'i�T.v;>�,^�Jiii ??645693621960 ;