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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - July 24, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas HUTCHINSON DAILY NEWS: TBTRSDAY MORN1N&. JULY 24.1*90. FRUITS OF PROTECTION. FIGURES SHOWINO OUR ADVANCE IN A QUARTER OF A CENTURY. Omr Wealth Nearly Quadrupled-Mh| JJitw Indosarie* CvMted-rugb. HUutdsrel ot TTaicn. at�tat�lric4-Increase lo ib,� Peoples* Savings. Tho wealth of the United Btatos in 1660 was Blxteoii thousand milliou dol-]an, one-half of which wos destroyed doling tho civil wax. In June. 1687, our wealth touched the imperial figures of sixty thousand millions, owning seven millions each day. In 1800 the wealth of the United States was $410 per capita; in 1897, |1,000 par capita. In these rears of Protection the United States has earned over oho-half of the sura added to tho world's wealth during tliat time. Wo nearly equal Great Britain in production of iron, aud oxcol her in tho production of steel. In I860 mannfac twos in tho United States amounted to tl,800,000,000; in 1887 to �7,000,000,000. Our total industries now amount to $11,-000,000,000. The western states manufactured noarly as mnah in 18B7 as tho whole country in 1880. The southern states alone now make 10 per cent, more pig iron than was mado in the 0 nited btates in 1800. Tho annual product of the United States exceeds that of England by more than one-half, and onr trade is double that of England. England has increasod bar oommorco leas than six times sinoe 1860; the United States has increased lwr commorco more than six times. While England hat increased her export trade four times, the exports of the United States hare increased eight times. In these years, from the third producing power, we hare risen to the first. Up to 18110 tho entire exports of tho United States were $9,000,000,-000; since then they havo amounted to $14,000,000,000. Protection has practically created many great industries since 1880-crock-�ry, silk, steel roils, etc.-employing countless laborers and distributing thousands of millions of monoy among our people. From no steel rails produced in 1841 we havo risen to 2,101,WH tons pro dncod in 1887, cheapening the cost of roils, enabling us to increase our rail roads from 80,000 miles to 101,000, and reducing cost of transportation to less than half what it is in England. We havo now mare miles of railroad than all Europe, with rolling stock worth nino tunes the merchant mantra of Kngland, and our inland trade is twenty times greater than her foreign commerce. Protection by creating homo markets has increased the yuIuo of our farms from $(i.01S,Ma,007 in 1800 to $10,193,. 000,776 iu 1880. It has in the same time increased our rami products f rum $1,075,-7*4,072 to 13,720,831,432. Or this vast increase less than one-tenth has been exported; more than nine-tenths has bees uonsnraod at home. The want of an adequate home market for onr wheat has put onr whoat growers at tho mercy of half civilized India. The only remedy is to diminish production or increase the Ik mo market. Protection bos maintained the high standard of wages iu the United States, which is double that of England. If the Aimu-tasn laborer would live as English laborers do ho could savo 37 per cent, of his wages. They save only 2 per cunt of taoir wages. American people should riot, and will not. submit to tho low standard of wages prevailing la other countries. Tboy decrease the purchasing power and tho consuming power of the people. Free-trade in England meant cheap bread and has rained her farmers. Proo-trade in this country means oboap kubar, diminished power to oonsame, low prioos for farm producto, and in the end nan for oar farmers. Protection boa increased the saviugs of our people. Tbere is deposited in the saviriga banks of tho state of New yurk alqna fKtt>O0u,Q0Q, which ia %10j.000.000 . uoro than tho entire accumulations ia avinsa banks of England in four arc not prosperous, iron Know agriculture Is on the verge of ruin, that prod-nets are selling at less than cost and that the hand of general industry is paralysed. You know tlmt the cry of hard times' that we would gladly stifle through our pride of home in more than an empty cry-that it is a terriblo reality. Your own business, your own subscription list would teach you this if your observation did not. The great wealth and prosperity represented in the long columns of figures of which we have spoken is floating upon the surface of the sea of onr na-tloual life, while beneath that is poverty, diplorablo and unnecessary. As a part of tile great masses and their intermediate representative, what is your duty? You would be glad if the people wen more prosperous; you would be glad to seo agriculture in a flourishing condition; you would bo glad to see tho country developed. Now what is in the way of onr all joining in support of relief measures? You do Tiot want silver demonetized, you waul free coinage aud bo do your readers. Why not join in one emphatic demand for free coinage? Do your party leaders oppose it? Who are your party leaders, and who makes them such? Are you afraid of their disapproval? Bather make them afraid of your disapproval and the people's. The press ought to reflect the sentiment of the people and control rather than be controlled. And there is the Stanford farm loan bill. What do you think of that measure? Havo yon studied its provisions and the principle on which it in founded? Wo think you are bound to admit that tho provisions are fair and safe and tho principles just. What, then, is in the way of your joining us in the domand for its adoption? It will increase our circulation and it will increase it where most needed. It will add prosperity to your business, to ours and to everybody else. Must party stand in the way of your advocacy of It? If it ia right aud just, and a needed measure, tet us unitedly demand it. There is great responsibility resting upon the press.- Ml. Vernon (Ills.) Progressive Farmer. Protection ban divnrsiiied as wall as �coted. Industries. It has op:.nud new and fruitful Jkalds for ilio employment worafto. Ithosenriched and educated nod qoaliSod them for tho fraeman. High waaea has made happy uoincs and good citizens. There uSycr waa thia c:irth u people so froe, eo prosperous and with such splendid nosarhUiiiea as the 60,can�io that dwell to thin republic. Shall tho protecti vn poller/ which baa accomplished : this bo ovor0JxoirrJ CnUadu tor- Labor Only. In tha VmhM� of representatives, May 8�, Otasrawmn HJedringhans, ot MSa-ourlj aattt. "Mr, Hl|l>lm�iii, an we are about to vote-::npm*J*ta, bin, I wish to draw at-teftiifci "�'ni^�M7 ybto as a representative may ke challenged, being directly interested.,ip Protection. How lot me state thai 1,8m not interested in this bill r^nBcuoRy.-1 J wold .today lock up ray factory &� tiEte United States, go to Oer-wutByVVbar* I could hire throe mentor orie hore who would work SO per aunt. , more time. I eould there manufacture my1 (jooJ�, import unci pay tho duties' impeded ofcdar tho McKiuloy bill, and , unQisSA pri? cent more than I can make , *i�r monnfaeturimj in the United States. Apphmstv} This only verities my state* ;mW made at tho outset of thisdis-� cxubjloa to the effect tliat the munufuo-tazrew do not ash for Protection except for ljlffr, aa) tliat only on the strength at m^tectiuj a scale of wagoa at least throe times higher than that of Gormony can bo m�int�rined." Tile Ontario Funw. It is not a sign of general or of great prosperity or happiness when we see fanners' sons and daughters dissatisfied with their calling or position, and discouraged by tho gloominess of the future, leaving their country, their homes and all nearest and dearest to them-by hun ilreds and thousand:*-to seek a living elsewhere. Nor is the enormous iucrcaso in tho general indebtedness of farmers during tho last ten years-taken in con nectiou with the depreciation which has simultaneously occurred in the value of their farms-an indication of prosperity, as eomo would like us to believe. Tho farmers of Ontario have hitherto, with comparatively few exceptions, beta the owners of the land which they have cultivated. In 1881 there were 200,1 occupiers of land, of whom 169,140 were owners, 80,600 tenants and 1,15s employes or owners' stewards. The properties, or holdings, were not largo, but amply Bufflcient under favorable conditions to maintain the owners in comfort. Only 11,513 persons owned more than 300 acres each. And of these probably not more than 100 or 200 ownod as much as 1,000 acres of farming land. I am fully persuaded when the next census is taken we will find a marked increase in the number of tenants and employes or stewards as compared with the number of owners occupying and cultivating their own land. If my surmise proves correct land we shall soon know) I cannot but regard this also na an unfavorable sign indicative of an other Btep in the downward career of tho former-that is, a descent from the proud and independent position of "owner aud occupier," or that of peasant proprietor, to that of tenant only. Thus on every hand the greatest and most important industry of the Dominion shows symptoxas of distress.- Cor. Toronto Globe. _ Oorurnmeni Lotuia to Farmer*. The government has oxtended pocuni ary aid to railroads, bankera, etc. Now lot it f?vo aid to fanners; but the loans should bo limited. i That every farmer may have a borne lot tho government loan him money at 1 per cant, on on!y eighty acres aud ex owpt tlu.t much land from taxation. I When a man dioo it is hard for a widow to run a farm that may bo mortgaged at U per cent., make a living and pay interest. Tho hvjmes are the safety of the nation, and we are in favor of loaning money to farmers that they may clear a homo of eighty acres- The farmer would have to work his farm to pay tho 1 per oont. and make a living, but the government paid interest to bankers and loaned them the money virtually for nothing. It would be a dangurons policy to loan any more money to farmers than to clear a homestead, because if the loans were unlimited tba avariciousnesa of some would control too much land. The government shoDlnMoon money only to parties who occupy the land as a homestead. TIub government loon should extend to homesteads in towns and cities, only to thoee who occupy the homes. Ne money should bo loaned to landlord! who loose booso* or lands. Whei produce ia sold tor leas than coet of pro Suction it will bankrupt any farmer, ind tho best romcdy for farmers ia tc havo personal property and oighty acri-. homestead exempt from taxation, sue tax idl incomes from every source ol every land.-W. H, Hoffman in Orange Bullctu. _ WHERE THE FLAG ia NOT. lug trade have not been protected. American shipping on the seas has l>een ruined by cheap foreign, labor and by mervilftss competition supported by Euroiieau bounties and subsidies. The decline of the American commercial marine has not been caused by Protection, but by the lock of it. This is conclusively shown by thi> development of tho coasting trade and the commercial marine on tho great takes. Those interests have prospered because, like other American industries, they havo been protected by law, The foreign carrying trade has been ruined because it was neglected and left to perisb from sheer inanition. "Womust have froe ships," the demoralized but persistent Free-trader will rejoin in his shrillest treble. What would these unpatriotic Freetraders do? They would enable American merchants to purchase Instead of oharteriug Norwegian steamers and to raise tho Hog over them while continuing to employ Norwegian crews. They would ruin the American shipyards and take away employment from the men hired in them and also from a great number of contributing industries. They would furnish employment for foreign shipyards and a foreign maritime population. They would run up the American flag over foreign built and foreign manned ships, aud then affect to be proud of an inferior commercial marine built upon the ruins of the American shipbuilding industry. Such a merchant fleet would be a disgrace to tho nation. If the American flag bo restored to the seas let it be over American built ships, and let it represent the American principle of economic independence. Trade will follow that flag. An American merchant fleet worthy of the traditions of the country is a high objoct of national aspiration. It can be restored by the passage of the pending shipping measures. Ton llouiV Labor Hera Mud Abroad. When the Free-traders are cornered by authoritative comparisons of the rates of wages in this country and abroad they have a way of answering that it is not the nominal amount, but tho purchasing capacity of a workman's pay, that is tho determining factor. "What matters it," they cay, "that an English wage earner receives only three ftbiUinga and on American wage carneT a dollar and a half, if the former sum will purchase as much of the necessaries of life in England as the latter sum will do in tho United States?" Some recent investigations of tho Wisconsin bureau of labor and industrial statistics throw an interesting light ou the essential humbug of this favorite Freo-trnde inquiry. The bureau has prepared the following table of the relative percentages of bread, meat, pork and butter that can be purchased for the wages received for ton hours' labor in Wisconsin and In several of the European cities: SIGNS OF A SUMMER RAIN. 1 knew It irotlM tain," RAftl tho fftrmor'e Rlrl, '*vthen I Uvtkffil at tlin niumtnR glorias, For their telle ttavn boen olwit lite � hoJoclA? lanx, And they're flawrrrt tbnt tell na ewrtps.*' 1 knew a Would r&ln." anul the ftrtner'e boy. "BceAuwe nr the eon*-I uould hrvir them, llumjrb no Mr �way tboy rolled o�er tbe rnlls As plainly M if 1 wtut near them." "7 knew U would rain," raid tfc� farmer's wife, 'Tor tbe Round of th" wind wts so b'ollow. And when Uie wind's moaning and alehinc that WSJ. Why a rainstorm In certain to follow." "I knew It would rain," amid the farmer himself, "For lata reMoa-tha old barnyard pump is So dry that today it was not *prlmed' at all. And It's generally dry as a stump la." 1 knew it would rain," said tho good grand* mamma, "When I saw our old tabby cat playing, Fbr when cat* of her age like Ulelr own k!tt�na play, Look out for wet weather, I'm saying." And no when the rain Just at twilight came down, Anil the wind, with a splash and dash, threw Ik Malnst tbo doors and tho windows, each sign was recalled. And every one said, "There! I knew IL" -Bessie Q. Hart In Chicago Tribune. Wisconsin, U.S. A. London, England.. Coblena. Germany -UontpaHer. Prance Nimes, Prance____ Lille, France...... Ohent, Belgium... Copenhagen, Pen- mark......... Stockholm, SWd'n. Begwlp, ltalv..... TbsTBag-uo, HoB'il Total........... Average nhrosd.. Bread. Per eat thing tliat can be done with it is to throw in small heaps under cover, and place over it a covering of one or two inches of dry earth. There will bo fermentation, but what tho heap loses in bnlk will be gained in increased strength and availability. The earth will absorb the gases, and when tho piles are drawn out in the fall this will be as rich as any. Scrapings from the henhouse thrown on the pile of horse or cow manure will not breed hen lice, as the dust from dry earth will destroy them as fast as they hatch. The floors under the roosts should be kept covered with earth, and the droppings removed at least once a week, and daily would be still better.- American Cultivator. We do not look to see this interesting little table command much of a circulation among our Free-trade contemporaries. It conveys clearly and succinctly too many distasteful truths. American wage earners reading it would be liable to enter a pretty vigorous protest against the programme of Mr. Mills and the Democratic party to place American labor "on a plane of equality" with the labor of ether lands. Ttiumas -fefltor-Mu. most now place onr manufa-yturt-rs by the side �f tho ogrknUtoriat * * * Experience lias taught mo thattaannfoo-tares are now cs necessary to our inde-IwudoDco as to our comfort.-Lxttter to Benjamin Austin, 1810. TO THE KSEeo. a* MMwt Mho TUiuks Tliat th� Snsr J��u�r-i Ought U� I*o IHgM. Oendetnea of the proa::, wo wish a Ma idly word with you. You havo eoou glowing stotcznonts of tho wealth nn>! proanjritv of this nation. Longcolutrus oT figure havo shown uatkabnuanutio/3 wo liuvo outstripped 0i9 nations of th� world iu iju accumulation of wealth. Hut you I ic.-.f tho macsce of our .people Oar Shipping Has DooUaed Hot Boom of Frotoc-tlan but the Laotc of It, The Frea-traders havo their theory to off or in explanation ot the decline of the American commercial marine, says The Tribune. They have boon aasertius for twenty years that Protection tuu-rained tho carrying trade nnder the flag. In tbulona range of economic controversy them is no inference so preposterous as this. If Protection ia to be judged, let It be by the wonderful progress of ind us trios which have bean protected, and not by the collapse and destruction of almost tho only one in the country which hr* not been protected.' The oapltal invested, and labor employed in factories, farms and mines have been protected by tariff law, and production has been enormously tuorettsed, industries have beon multiplied, employment bail Men diversifled, prioos have boon ebeapened and labor WbeimiiwtorwmrmerallTe. - I Ot^UlaidUhorlDs^ftintocswrr' "Th� ktnd ot Chestpaes*-Nothing." Says Master Workman Powderly in a recent interview: "Every step in reducing the standard of living and wages or the laborer reduces the wages of tho skilled workmen as well. When 75 cents a ilay in 1890 takes the place of }1 in 1889 each recipient of such wages must curtail his purchases in order to conform to the 33 per cent, reduction in wages. Less of food, loss of clothing, not so many shoes and cheaper lodgings must be had, and those who mako shoes, clothing and articles of household use find that their busiuees falls oil also: the fulling of! in business is followed by a reduction in wages, and the evil stream runs the entire length until all are infected. "The cheapening of labor cheapens production; cheap production cheapens human flesh, and when the race of cheapness is run we find ourselves a nation of cutthroats, for each man's hand is at his neighbor's throat, seeking to wrest from him a part, or the whole, ot the trade he has acquired, and his argument always is, 'I can do it cheaper,' The logical end of cheapness is-nothing, and to that end the immigrant of today in bis ignoranco is driving tho American laborer, mechanic and business man, many cf whom labored by his side across the water years ago." Wh*-n to trim Apple Trees. At ono of the New York Farmers' institutes tho question "When is the best time to trim apple trees?" was replied to as follows; Col. Curtis-Opinions vary. Some say when the tree is growing the fastest; others, Bay this will injure tho tree. I believe it will. Mr. Hoyt, of Connecticut-We do the most of our pruning the latter part of winter and In early spring. Secretary Woodward-1 prune for fruit in winter, and in the early spring for wood, when the trees aro in leaf. Mr. Powell-There is really no dormant condition of any tree. A constant change is going on. I prefer to trim my trees jnst before they come in leaf, Mr. Fenner-1 begin iu the autumn and trim nil winter. Ilovr to Write m letter. Write the date distinctly, the day of the month and the year-nut just the (lay of the week. Write on plain, anliaod paper. Write your "q's" and "y's" differently, their tails turned in opposite directions. Write your "t's" with a cross and yam "IV with a dot. Write an answer to your Criend's qucs clous; if she hud uot wanted Lo know sh. �ould not have asked you. Write with blaok Ink-pale or faded Ins tins bro'.teu off more friuadships and lovi drain thau one would lnuitfluu. Write your name distinctly. If you ar.' t married woman alga it, for exariple 'Virginia Andrews," exactly us if yo, vers not married: but if It is a busines: otter the Mm. should be put ia parcntbe os before your name; or bottor allll, tti, jtter may be written In tho third person .'Ills same rule applies to an uumurrie -onion. Write a stiart, crisp letter; a coucentnt ion of brightness, it will Ixi much raov, ;ipresiuted than ono longer drawn out. Write as little us possible ou the subjeci f love. Words of lovo ore much bettoi ilJ than written. Write yourself down a bright, sonsibl. irl, and you will then have written u vy l:cst letter that a uM can possilil irr, oanncn Bannemann lata mem oar ot the Grocers' oompany of koodoo. Before be uneartiwd unoieot Troy and dug up Ajgamtmuon's tomb at Mycema the irrepressible excavator sold herrings and bat-ter, potatoes and mU* for orer li years to ailUV> s^toFurstenberg, where he was Oalls by Hsroeta When the harness rubs the �Mn it should be softened by a good soaking with hot water and then well oiled with cuetor oil. A piece of sheepskin with the wool on it should be fastensd on the tugs where they prose on tho skin. The galls may be dusted with calomel, which is the beet application that can lie mode. It may be applied by means of a puff made of cotton batting. Collar galls may he prevented by suf toning tha collar as above suggested, and by washing the horse's neck every evening with salt water. Pads are objectionable, as they produce sweating, which causes the skin to bo chafed. Tho Phylloxera Problem. It is learned from tho report of the phylloxera ucinuuission that each year has shown an increasing acreage of reconstituted vineyards in France, mostly by means of American stocks, which prove mora and mare satisfactory. The efforts to produce by hybridization phylloxera proof varieties have so far not proved successful, and most growers still depeud on grof tin; oa the American stock. Nowhere has the combat been carried on more energetically than in France, and nowhere has so much success been achieved against phylloxera attack. the amount oi' rus mortgage and other indebtedness. Now and then chafing under his burden, he threatens vengeance upon his adversary, bnt changes his mind before he comes up with him. fin no one thing, yes, in no dona things, is the farmer bo outrageonily wronged as in the single matter of gst-ting.bia grain to a market," said one wa� Is in position to know whereof he iipsalri. "I tell yon there Is no industry so loosely conducted as the Immense groin business of the west; but, shambling as it is. It is carefully seen to that all Is done to the profit of the railroads and grain elevators, and to the damage of the dealer, and consequently to the farmer; for the dealer is very careful to Beo to it that all the gouging done him by tho railroads and elevators is plaosd in his expense account, and the bill charged up to tho farmers in the way of light weighte. low gradiuf? or in some manner or other. "A bi;l kick was raised in this state, �!>! '  - were passed which I suppose ..... V'.cd to be effectual to the end But tho railroads have mic ... \eiulering them inoperative, so , ,iri> doad letters upon the stat-There ought to be an appeal ; ,-! straight to that highest of all -.V.rrI*, the people, who when they rise in their might can make pompons and pampered legislators even tremble. Tha press ts the only effectual means of making them Efforts have been ox-kaosted upon congress, upon state legislators and upon prosecuting officials. They havo been urged, pleaded with and piteouely besought in vain to redress these great wrongs. They make no reply. It would seem that they aro abject slaves before that colossal tyrant, the railroad, which, like the car of Juggernaut, remorselessly crushes all who get in its way. These law making and law mforcing folks have been threatened with the popular wrath. Perhaps they think railroad influence con protect them in this, as railroad influence has assisted so many of them into their places. If tho facts were but brought in their unadorned monstrouaness before the popular tribunal it wonld cause thvn to elect public servants who would have the courage to do right though a power a thousandfold mightier than the railroads opposed. "This elevator business ia not properly understood. There has been much published concerning its extortions, but the nrticles have been deficient in plain facts. In the first place take the matter of the receipt given the shipper. The Illinois law says that an actual receipt sludl be given the shipper in ull cases for grain shipped. This law 1b never observed. Tho so called receipt in every case reads 'more or less,' aud this more or less clause paves the way for the Ills which follow. It is almost invariably less, rarely the same and never more that the shipper gets. "1 state specifically that no bills of lading are issued that are in compliance with existing laws, but every ono of them contains clauses that invalidate their value by rendering ambiguous the extent of the common carrier's liability. Every one of them leaves it optional with the carriers to deliver at destination any amount of property they may see fit. This of course enables them to resist upon technical grounds tho payment of claims for shortages. Of course 'this is an all around opportunity far conscienceless knaves, and tliey avail themselves of it to their own sweet pleasure. There ought not to bo any shortages. In fact there are no shrinkages. Yet the evidence ia indisputable that certain railroads here handling largo amounts of grain make deliveries to certain eastern elevators, and they very frequently, if not always, report it short from five to one hundred bushels pvt carload from the initial weights, which are known to bo correct. | "But why do I speak of railroads here? My accusation applies as well to grain shipped from every other primary market. What 1 say has had indorsement for truth from a presii ut of the Chicago board of trade ai: , f rn a Chairman of the weighing co:,i:ai\te_' of that body. "But this steal-for what else can it be called?-does not end with a single elevator. Oftentimes, it is made by each elevator through which tho grain passes. "Do you ask whoowns thes.; elevators? Well, those at Toledo. Buffalo. New York and some other points are owued by the raitroads. Of course in iu:my instances tho railroads deny that thoy own or control them, but in mont of these cases knowing ones do not accept their statements as facts. By the way, 1 was told by a railroad official who ought to know that the Toledo elevator pays its railroad owners an annual dividend of 40 per cent."-Chicago Herald. The gucrtMl Lotas. The sacred lotus of E^ypt and India though cowing from a tropical country is perfectly hardy, enduring any degre of cold short or actual freezing. It tin been grown for many yearn in water o. which Use formed eight inches thicl Tho leaves of the pliut are from a foe to thirty inches in diamoter. Somo t thorn float on the water, others ore born on stems roaohing from a foot to tiv feet above the surface. The plant wi: blossom the first year it Is set out, and i constantly in blossom from July not frost______ Tho Minnck'-fitft State Federation of Lr bor has rojeotod the Fanners' Alllorn invi ration to cn-oravate on political line Formers' organia.-uoaa and lab> unions iu ConiiPctvn� are preparing b united polracai antiou. F1LCHINO THE FARMERS. TIM Balkr