Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - January 24, 1991, Hutchinson, Kansas
Operation Desert Storm Hutchinson News Thursday, Jan. 24,1991 Page 8 Briefly Ease up on the TV _ A psychologist warns that watching too much war on television is ' unhealthy, especially for families with loved ones in the Persian Gulf. He even has a name for the problem that may develop: CNN Complex. James T. Turner, a counsellor at Memorial Medical Center, said he 1 coined the name for the condition from Cable News Network's 24-hour coverage. Total immersion in war news only increases anxiety, he said. "We're very concerned about people getting virtually addicted to news, afraid to miss every little thing that might happen," Turner said. "It's not good for their emotional health to ride this roller-coaster continually. You can't build your life around continuous news coverage." No codes, no attack One reason Israel did not retaliate against Iraq after Scud missiles were first, fired into Tel Aviv is because the Israeli military lacked crucial electronic codes to prevent an accidental attack by allied planes. The Los Angeles Times quoted government sources as saying the Bush administration did not provide the codes, indicating the White House used more than diplomacy and promises of military equipment to keep ' Israel out of the Persian Gulf war. The codes in question - known as . Identification Friend or Foe, or IFF, � codes - are crucial to Israel in ensuring that, its fighters are not mistaken as enemy aircraft by U.S. or allied planes while in enemy airspace. Son faxes wary mom Since war erupted in the,Persian Gulf, Lois Helgen of Bemidji, Minn., has been watching news reports almost constantly and sleeping very little. She's worried about her 22-year-old son, who had planned to be stationed,;along the Iraqi-Saudi border as part of a peace group's last-ditch effort to prevent war. -j Monday; she received the news she had been waiting for - a faxed letter from her son, Lee. "He's alive and well," she said. But he iB in Baghdad, i The letter was carried but Of Iraq to Amman, Jordan, by a Cable News Network crew, who then faxed it to 'the Putney, Vt., office of the Gulf Peace Team, the organization with which Lee Helgen is working. The ;P*eac'e Team in turn faxed the mes-t,sgge to Lois and her husband. Bill, in HRidji. Brit: U.S. troops aren't ready for war By Mort Rosenblum The Associated Preu NEAR THE IRAQI BORDER, Saudi Arabia - In a gas line such as this desert has never seen, assault helicopters swarm in like black death, filling up for a ground war their crews expect any day. At a highway cloverleaf, American MPs hunker down behind a concrete block barrier painted, "Pink Floyd, The Wall." waiting for their piece of the war. In a truckstop curry joint, two British artillerymen, "Desert Rats," shake their heads in grim anticipation of a weeks-long onslaught they predict will be far worse than is widely believed. By a roadside phone booth, Omani soldiers in laded combat turbans wait cheerfully to ring up their families, hopeful that their next call - if Allah wishes - will be made from liberated Kuwait City. Desert Storm is getting ready to break, and all concerned are convinced that a hard rain is going to fall. On the surface, the mood is mostly positive, even relaxed. Full alert conditions did , not stop a Bedouin from threading his pickup load of confused sheep beneath the revolving blades of U.S. Army helicopters awaiting fuel on an abandoned stretch of tarmac. Associated Press photo U.S. troops from the Army's 1st Infantry Division are served a hot meal in the Saudi desert Monday. Such meals are a treat for the troops who normally can only get cold rations In the field. Capt. Robert Belletier of the U.S. First Cavalry Division climbed out of a Blackhawk helicopter as it settled down to a rumbling idle, in line with 12 Cobras, Apaches and little Bell choppers. "We're all set," said Belletier, a southerner from Atlanta with an easy laugh. "We hear about all those Scuds in Dhahran, and we're happy to be up north where it's safe;" But when pressed to reflect on what might lie ahead in the next few weeks, his face took on that half-somber, half-quizzical look so common among allied troops tfn the northern frontier. Three MPs from the 14th Military Police Brigade had that look as they watched the main road north from Dhahran to Kuwait in their machine-gun mounted hum-vee, the Army's newfangled version of the jeep. "It's gonna take longer than we thought," said Cpl. Dave Hoernle, of Harrisburg, Pa., who ended up in the desert from his former base in Stuttgart, Germany, where his wife is also an MP. "Hopefully it will be done by June, but I doubt it," he said. Asked his age, he replied with a nervous chuckle: "I'm 24, hoping to be 25." Pfc. Dean Smith of Middle-burgh, N.Y., added, "For myself, I figure I'll be here at least to December. I don't want to be disappointed." , Two British artillerymen preferred to speak frankly rather than' give their names. One, a veteran non-commissioned officer who had learned lessons the hard way, had no illusions. . "It will take five weeks at the least, from the word 'go,' and it will be bloody difficult," he said. "A bloke's dug in with his artillery, he's going to fight you, isn't he?" He described U.S. land forces as hampered by too many overconfident young troops who" had little idea of what they faced:' "I don't mean to be impolite about the Americans, but they're not ready," he said. "Too many aren't serious." Neither British nor other allied troops were ready either, 'he added. "We will be soon, but I hope we don't have to gd too fast." He warned that Iraqi he'avy artillery was well-sheltered.'Wlth underground stocks of conventional and chemical warfare shells. Oil-filled trenches and'tank traps would be hard to breach'.'" Asked how he thought the campaign would go, the officer looked up and answered with a long, worried frown. Sgt. Abdul Hamid, 26, in the army of Oman since he was "15, did not have the concerned look. He seemed less worried about Saddam Hussein's army than about getting a phone line home1. ' His wife is expecting their third child in three months, and;he knows he is likely to be occupied elsewhere. But he felt that a multinational command would subdue Iraq, and he would go home. "Not a problem," he said. A primer to Operation Desert Storm slang By Peter Copeland Scrlpps Howard News Servlco EASTERN SAUDI ARABIA -"Desert cherries" in "Kevlars" fly the "Sand Box Express" to the "beach" and soon are complaining about "Meals Rejected by Ethiopians if they can't find a "roach coach" run by "Bedouin Bob." In English, that would be new troops wearing helmets made of bullet-proof Kevlar taking military "transport to the desert and complaining of the Meals, Ready-to-Eat (MRE) field rations if they can't find a Saudi food stand. U.S. soldiers here are inventing a new desert lexicon, although they don't always agree on what the words mean. For the Army, the "Scud Buster" is the Patriot air-defense system that has been knocking down Iraqi Scud missiles. But for the Air Force, the only real "Scud Buster" is the F-15E Strike Eagle jet, which doesn't just target the "Scud puppies" but goes after the launchers inside enemy territory. Army grunts traditionally aren't so fond of the Air Force, but now the "zoomies" are heroes because they're weakening Iraq before a ground war has to begin. Some "ground pounders" wearing "chocolate-chip cookie cammies" even talk of an "Adopt-a-Pilot" campaign and cheer when the jets roar overhead. � As usual, the Marines come in for the roughest treatment on the nickname front, and the "jarheads" dug in on the Kuwait border are called "self-propelled sandbags." Even within the services there are rivalries, such as the distinction between the airborne Army soldiers who jump out of airplanes and the "Legs" - soldiers who don't. i There's also rivalry between the reserves ("no-hope Pope") and the active- duty forces ("people with no lives"). The reservists like to say, "The active Army picked this fight and now they called us over to win it." The reservists weren't happy about Defense Secretary Dick Cheney's increasing the'call-up, however, so now he's known as the "Antichrist." Everybody's favorite commander is Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf, known as "StdrnuV Norman" or "The Bear." Soldiers are indeed creative, but they still rely on old standbys, especially the ubiquitous "F-word," which is used as a noun, adjective, verb, verbal crutch and even as punctuation. And some male service members still have not become sensitive men of the '90s and refer to women as "Foxtrot Bravos," which is, shall we say, a type of "bunny." British troops have chipped in a few new words, too. For example, a soldier who is missing has "gone Elvis." Some slang has survived from Vietnam and before, such as "hooch" for tent and "REMFS" for. rear-echelon troops. A bulls-eye for an Air Force bomber is a "shack," an enemy hit by a bomb is "toast" and a crew chief that gets his planes back in the air after a mission knows how to "turn 'em and burn 'em." ; Journalists are led around by the Central Command (CENTCOM) Joint Information Bureau (JIB), so they are known as "Jiblets" or "media pukes" (see also, "reserve pukes," "intel pukes" and "Centcom pukes'). Some of this creativity has been put at the service of commerce, which of course is a very American way to fight a war. Soldiers wear a variety of T-shirts and patches with logos such as "Baghdad Bash - Let's Party," "Desert Shield Christmas - It's a Gas" and "Hard Rock Cafe Baghdad - Opening Soon." "Democrats bounce S&L WASHINGTON (AP) - Treasury Secretary Nicholas Brady asked Congress on Wednesday for an open-ended appropriation to continue the government's' costly cleanup of the savings and loan industry. But Democrats refused, as one put Brady it, to "just-- sigh- off on a blank check." JSv- Republican,! on the Senate Banking Committeesaid forcing the Bush administration to repeatedly ask for more'money would disrupt the program, "I believe in short leashes." said Sen. Jake Gam, R-Utah^tJ'don't believe in choking the'animal to death, and that's exactly what'we've been doing." The Treasury secretary, who serves as chairman of a panel overseeing the Resolution Trust Corp., .Warned the bailout agency's rescue jirogram would shut down by March/1 unless, more money is provided,- - The administration wants to spend $77 billion from March through September to close or sell 225 insolvent S&Ls. Brady said $30 billion would cover the institutions' losses. The rest would be borrowed short-term and repaid as the government sells loans, real estate and other assets inherited from the failed thrifts, "The fact is that this is not a discretionary matter. If we do hot act, depositors will be left hanging," Brady Baid. He asked for "the permanent' funding necessary to get the whole job done," but. said he would work; with Congress to enact a more limited appropriation. "I am afraid that if Congress imposes on itself the burden of repeated votes on funding, the result will boa start and stop cleanup process that produces further de-lays, substantial additional costs to taxpayers, and confusion and fear in the minds of depositors," he said. Brady bad asked for more bailout money before Congress adjourned last October, but-lawmakers in the . House .balked at such a vote before the November election. He estimated that the delay has driven tip rescue costs by 1250 million to $300 million and said another three-month delay would cost taxpayers an additional $750 million to $850 million. M Sen. Donald W. Riegle, D-Mich., chairman of the banking panel, said he would move swiftly to provide more money and his aides indicated that a committee vote could occur as soon as next week. However, Riegle said his bill would � provide Interim financing. "It would be inappropriate" to pass long-term financing while so many members of Congress are questioning the bailout agency's performance, he said. --, � Brady also said the administration now believes as much as an additional $50 billion will be needed to cover losses in failed thrifts after Sept. 30. Since its creation in August 1989, the RTC has seized 531 thrifts, dismantling 352 of them. By the 'time the RTC is done, it will have handled as many/ as 1,000 institutions, Ma third of the institutions . in existence, before: the.:' program began, Brady said. Continued from Page 1 from Fort Bliss, Texas - are believed, to be conducting reconnaissance and guarding the allied force's western flank. Wednesday's first report of a ground action came from the Iranian news media, which said Iraq reported its forces had attacked enemy troops in Saudi, territory and captured allied prisoners. -Later, apparently reporting on the same nrefight, the U.S. com-, raand reported that 3rd Armored Cavalry troopers were manning an observation post near' the Saudi-Iraqi border late Tuesday when they came under small-arms fire from an'Iraqi patrol and returned fire. Two Americans were slightly wounded and returned to duty after treatment, and six Iraqis.were captured, the command said. It denied that any Americans had been captured. �''�'�'�. U.S. .armored units continued maneuvering into place along the frontier Wednesday after days of rain and drizzle that turned desert-dry areas into small lakes and created sinkholes - "sabkhas" - that can bog down a tank. A ground Offensive is not expected until February at the earliest. U.S. tank officers, such as Marine Capt. Rob Philon, know it won't be a maneuver. Phllon's M-60 tanks will have to go up against Iraq's Soviet-made T-72s, whose laser-equipped guns have a longer range than his. "We'll have to outmaneuver them and not let them get the drop on us," Philon said. . For now the allied troops are content to let U.S. and allied air-power "soften up" Iraqi positions. In Washington, joint chiefs chairman Gen. Colin Powell told reporters, "Our strategy for dealing with this army is very simple: First we're going to cut it off, then we're going to kill it." -The Iraqi army is "sitting there dug in, waiting to be attacked and attacked it will be," Powell said, adding that the allies are "assembling a fairly sizeable ground force that can finish the job if necessary." Again Wednesday, bombers pounded the Iraqi port city of Basra, site of the military head- quarters for Iraq's defense of Kuwait, the news agency in neighboring Iran reported^; The blasts have been shaking the ground in the Iranian city of Khorramshahr, 25 miles away. ; ' The allies have made Iraq's Scud launchers a primary target. But both Powell and Defense Secretary Dick Cheney conceded Wednesday that knocking out the elusive launch vehicles was. proving more . difficult than anticipated. The Iraqi missile attacks on Israel are a bid by President Saddam Hussein to draw the Israelis into the Persian Gulf war, a development that might lead some of Israel's traditional Arab enemies to abandon the anti-Iraq alliance. Only a fraction of the Scuds fired have', hit home,- but Iraqi radio Wednesday boasted of the weapon's prowess. The anti-Iraq coalition received a pledge of $9 billion in additional aid from Japan late ':. Wednesday. Tokyo, which is heavily dependent on Middle East oil, has been under increasing U.S. pressure to provide more money. It previously had pledged $4 billion. Justice knocks lawmakers TOPEKA (AP) - The state Supreme Court chief justice sharply criticized legislative budget decisions made last year Wednesday, saying they had created a crisis for Kansas' court system. Richard Holmes told legislators that the Supreme Court has been forced into cost-cutting measures he considers unwise. He said those measures will cost the state money in the long run by making the1 judiciary less efficient and less accessible to the public. "With the reduced appropriations, we must make the cuts wherever we can, even if the bottom line is more cost to government rather than less," Holmes said. "And that's a hell of a poor way to run a railroad." The chief justice delivered the annual State of the Judiciary address to a joint session of the Legislature. His remarks were blunt, but lawmakers listened politely and applauded afterward. Holmes said the court system needs more money in its current budget io prevent even more drastic cost-cutting measures. He warned that the Supreme Court may have to consider shortening the.work week for some employees or furloughing them. He also made it clear that he sees increasing the court system's budget as a duty of the Legislature despite the state's tough financial times. "As a third co-equal branch of government, there are certain minimum duties and obligations that must and will be met." Holmes, said. "The immediate future ... is our greatest concern right now because the judicial branch is in a time of crisis." Thej budget for the court system is $58.4 million, and the Supreme Court is seeking a budget of $66.3 million for the next fiscal year, which begins July 1. The 1990 Legislature passed a bill to reduce state agency budgets for this fiscal year by 1.75 percent. The cut cost the judicial branch $1 million after its budget already had been reduced by $1.5 Chief Justice Richard W. Holmes spoke to the Legislai ture Wednesday during the annual State of the Judiciary! address. The speech dealt almost exclusively with a budget crisis among iudges and their non-judicial staffs 'i million, Holmes said. The chief justice said Sedgwick County's court system provided an example of how the state system has suffered. He said 11 county jobs have not been filled, meaning some telephones are being'answered by machines and a plan to close the clerk's office earlier in the day is under consideration. Holmes also said child-support payments are being processed in five or six days for parents receiving them instead of on the same day paying parents turn them in. Holmes said cuts hit the judicial system hard because 97 percent of its budget was spent on salaries. ,' "We do not have stockpiles of inventories and programs that can be deferred from one year to another," he said. "Very few functions carried out by the courts can legally be eliminated or even curtailed.' Holmes noted that the Su- preme Court has: : ' > � Put a hiring freeze into effect. About 85 of the court system's 1,500 positions are vacant/ � Suspended all travel bv members of the state Court of Appeals, so that allot their headings are now held in Topeka. i. � Curtailed the assignment $f retired judges to hear cases in district courts and with the Court of Appeals. � , r '. ',' � Eliminated the, assignment of magistrate judges -and district judges to hear cases outside their home judicial districts. / < � Canceled judicial conferences. � � Cut other additional operating expenses, such as travel and training. ; "At the present time, the existing restraints which the Supreme Court imposed are limiting the judiciary's ability to adequately perform essential duties and obligations to the public," he said.