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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - December 2, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas EWS. VOL. VI. HUTCHINSON, KANSAS, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2, 1890. NO. 92.1 President Harrison's Message to Congress. A Masterly Review of DomeBtio Affairs and Foreign Relations. T&e Past Year an Bra of Peace �if and Increasing Prosperity. Transactions in Every Executive Be. partnient Marked by Economy anil Strict Integrity. ino Wise Recommendations for the Guidance or Congress During Its Present Session. . .Any Alteration of tho Tariff Laws Before It Has Been Fairly Tested Deemed to ho Unwise - Meciproolty Reoelves a Hearty Endorsement-The Enactment of an Kneotlve Federal Rleotlon law JSarnestly Advocated-Irrigation Given Careful fJouslderatlon - Experiments With Postal Toloiffraph. ltecommended - An international tsllvor Money Standard. � Washiiwtok, T>. 0., Duo. f. The jpresidonl't) message 'o fonprees ia aa follows: To the Sctmw and Bouse of Representatives: The renortB of the several executive departments which will be laid be-fore the congroBa in the ubuoI course will exhibit in detail tho operation of the gov erameut for the last fiscal year only, the m'Ab important incidents and results, and chiefly such hb may be tho touudation of the recommendations I sht>U submit, will be referred to in.thls annual message. The vast and increasing business of the government has been transacted by the several departments during tho year with faithfulness, onergy and success. The revenue amounting to above tour hundred and fifty million -dollars have been collected and disbursed without realizing, so far as I can ascertain, a Bingle case of defalcation or em-bep.zletnmi \ earnest effort has been I\ Jrittiolio stt itwte, a sense of responsibil-  lty\and pubUrflduty in all offlcerB and employes of every grade, and the work done by them has almost wholly escaped unfavorable criticism. I speak of these matters with freedom, becauBO the credit of the good work is not mine, but is shared by the heads of the several departments with the great body of faith-Jul officers and employes who serve under them. The oloses scrutiny Jof congreis is invited to all tie methods of administration and to every item of expenditure. At Peace With the World. The friendly relations of our country �with the nations of Europe and of the | -east have been undisturbed, while the \ ties of good will and common interest that binds us to the states of the western ! hemisphere have, been notably strengthened by the conference held in Ms capital, to consider measures tor the ,eneral welfare. / The Pau-Auierloan Congress. . Pursuant to the invitation authorized by congress, the representatives of every independent state of the American continent and of Hayti met in conference in llie capital in October, 1880, and contin-[ "-'id in session until the 19th of last April. This important convention marks a most interesting and influential epoch In the history of the western hemisphere. It is noteworthy that Brazil, invited while under an imperial form or government, shared as arepublioin the deliberations and results of the conference. The ' recommendations of this conference were all transmitted to congress at the IsBt/Beaslon. fternatloual Marine Conference, international marine conference, sat at Washington last year, reached a very gratifying result. The regulations suggested have been brought to the attention of all the governments represented and their general adoption is | confidently expected. The legislation of congress at the last session is in conformity with tho prop jsitions of the conference, and the proclamation therein pro 'vided for will be iBBued when the other .powers have given notice of their adhe !slon. Tho Slave Tronic In Africa. The conference of Brussels to devise means for suppressing the slave trade in Africa, afforded an opportunity for anew expression of the interest the American people feel in that great work. It soon became evident that the measure pro posed would tax the resources of the Congo basin beyond the revenues avails- United States and the independent state of th�s Congo. A Bepublloan Hemisphere, Toward the end of the past year the only independent monarchial form of government on the western continent, that of Brazil, ceased to exist and was succeeded by a republic. Diplomatic relations were at once established with the new government, but it was tnot completely recognized until an opportunity had been afforded to ascertain that it had tbe popular approval and support. When tho course of events had yielded assurance of this fact no time was lost in extending to the new government a full and oordial welcome into the family of American commonwealths. It is confidently balleved that tho good relations of tho two countries will be preserved and the future will witness an increased intimacy of intercourse and expansion of their mutual commercial interests. 1 The Trouble in Central America The peace of Central America has again been disturbed through a revolutionary change in Salvador, which was not recognized by other states, and hostilities broke out between Salvador and Guatemala, threatening to involve all Central America in conflict, and to stop the progress which had been, made toward a uniou of thoir interests. The efforts of this government were prompt, ly and zealously exercised to compose their differences, and through the actual efforts of the representative of tho United States a provisional treaty of pence waB Bigned Auiust 20, whereby the TightB of the re j nbUo of Salvador to choose ito own ru!tsrs"wa6 recognized. Gen. Eczeta, the chief of the provision al government, has since been confirmed in tho presidency by the assembly, and diplomatic recognition duly followed. The Killing of General Barrundla, On linard the Pacific mail Bteamer Acs-pulci\ while anchored on transit iu the port of flan Jose Do Geatemftlo, demanded carefm Inquiry. H.ving failed in a revolutionary attempt to invade Guatemala from Mexican territory, Gen, Barrundla took passage on the Acapulco for Panama. The consent of the representatives of the United States was sought to effect his seizure, first at Ohamprico where the steamer touched, and after tercoviree with the Samoan islands. The chief justice has been choeen by the king of Sweden and Norway on the invitation of the three powers and will soon be installed. The land commission and the municipal council are in progress of organization. A rational and evenly distributed scheme of taxation, both municipal and upon imports, is in operation. Malietoa is respected as king. Relations With Great Britain. The new treaty of extradition with Great Britain, was proclaimed on the 25th of last March. ItB beneficial working is already apparent. The difference between the two governments touching tbe fur seal question in the Bearing sen is not yet adjusted, as will be seen by the correspondence which will soon be laid before congress. The oiler to submit the question to arbitration, as proposed by her majesty's government, has not been accepted, for the reason that the form of submission is not thought to be calculated to assure a conclusion satisfactory to either party. It'jb sincerely hoped that before the opening of another sealing season some arrangement may be effected which will assure to tbe United States a property right derived from Russia, which was not disregarded by any nation for more than eighty years preceding the outbreak of existing trouble, A Wrons Done to Gnwull, Iu tbe tariff act a wrong was done to Hawaii, which I am bound to presume was wholly unintentional, duties wero levied on certain commodities which wore.inuluded in the reciprocity treaty now exiating between the United States and the Kingdom of Hawaii, without indicating the neceBenry exception in favor of that kingdom I hope congrnsa will repair what mighS otherwise aeera to be a breach of faith on the pari of tlxu government. tho Haytl War Claims, An award iu f vvor of tho United States in the matter of the claim of Mr. Van Bekkel against Hayti was rendered os> the 4th of Dccomber, 1888. but owing to disorders then und afterwards prevailing in Hayti, the terms of payrnont wore not observed. A new agreement afl to the time of payment has been approved and is now in force. Other jUBt claims of citizens of the United States for redress of steamer refused to give up his passenger without a written order from the United State* minister, the latter furnished the desired letter, stipulating as the condition of his action that General Barrundia's life should bo spared and that ho should be tried only for offenses growing out of hia insurrectionary movements. This letter was produced to the captain of the Acapulco by the military commander of Ban Jose, as his warrant to take the passenger from the Bteamer. Gen- Barrundla resisted capture and wbb killed. It being evident that tho minister, Mr. Mizaer, had exceeded the bounds of his authority in intervening in compliance with tbe demands of the Guatemalan authorities to authorize and effect, in violation of precedent, the seizure ou a vessel of the United States of a pvssenger in transit charged with political offenses, in order that be might be held for such offenses under what was describod as martial law, I was en-strained to disavow Mr. Mizner's acts and recall him from his post. The Wloaragna Canal. The Nicaragua canal, under the control of our citizens, ie making most encouraging progress, all tbe preliminary conditions and initial operations having been accomplished within the prescribed time. American Claims Against Ohlll During the paBt year negotiations have been renewed for the settlement of the claims of American citizens against the government of Chili, principally growing out of the late war with Peru. The reports from our minister at Santiago warrout the expectation of an early and satisfactory adjustment. OnrBelatlons With Chins, Which have for several yeara occupied such an important place in our diplomatic history, have called for careful :onsld eratlon, and have been the subject of much correspondence. The communications of the Chinese minister have brought into view the whole subject of our conventional relations with his country, and at the same time this government, through its legation at Pekln, ha? Bought to .arrange various matters and complaints touching the interests and protection of our citizens in China, To Put an Bnd to Smuggling. In pursuance of the concurrent resolution of Oct. 1,1800, 1 have proposed to the governments of Mexico and Great Britain to consider a conventional regulation of the passing of Chinese laborers across our southern and northern frontiers. The Oarlos-Butterfleld Claim, On the 22nd day of August last, Sir Ed mund Moason, the arbitrator selected under the treaty of Doc. 0,1888, rendered an award to the effect that no compensation was due from the Danish government to the United States on account of what is commonly known as the Oarlos-; Butterftold claim, h'IS,Uttartyto that act, could not share in\ 1 ts revision, but by a second �ct, the Independent State of Congo waB Teetl from the reBtriotlouB upon a cus-pme revenue. The demoralization and pstructlve traffic in ardent spirits among )e tribes alBO claimed the earnest atteu-1 on of the conference, and the delegates the United Btates were foremost in ad-(eating measures for its repression, an cord was reached, the influence of jilcb. will be very helpful, and aa soon these measures shall receive the Banc-Ion hi the Netherlands, for a time with-; eld tsi) general acts will be submitted ,ii h^ittcatlou by the senate. Mean-, tblle negotiations have been opened for f new and complete treaty of friendship, 'ftmmeroe and navigation between the it v' ,t. represen tative at that court haB very diligently urged the removal of the restrictions imposed upon our meat products, and it is believed that substantial progress has been made towards a juBt settlement. The Samoau Treaty. The Bamoan treaty signed last year at Berlin. by tbe representatives of the United States, Germany and Great Britain, after due ratification and exchange, has begun to produce salutory effects, The formation of the government agreed upon will soon replace the disorder of the past by a stable administration alike just to the natives and equitable to the three powers moat concerned in trade and in- wards r.t San Jobb. The captain of the wrongs Buffered during ths late political conflict in Hayti will, it is hoped, Bpeed-lly yield a friendly treatment. Rotations With Italy. Propositions for the amendment of the treaty of extradition botweun the United States a&d Italy are now undsr consider atlon. You will be asked to provide the means of accepting the invitation of the Italian government to take part in the approaching conference to consider the adoption of a universal prime meridian! from which to reckon longitude und time. As this proposal follows in the track of the reform sought to bo initiated by the meridian conference at Washington held on tbe invitation of this government, the United States should manifest a friendly interest in the Italian, proposal. In this connection I may refer with approval to tho suggestion of my predecessors, that standing provisions be made for 'ucoepting whenever deemed advisable, the frequent invitations of foreign governments to share in conferences looking to tbe advancement of International reform in regard to science, sanction commercial laws and procedure and other matters affecting the intercourse and progress of modern commit cities. The Dolagoa Bay Railway Incident. In the summer of 1880 an incident occurred which for some time threatened to interrupt the cordiality of out relations with the government of Portugal. That government seized the Delagoa Bay railway, which was constructed under a concession granted to an American citizen and at the same time annulled tho charter. The concessionary, who had embarked bis fortune in the enterprise, having exhausted other means of redress, was compelled to invoke the protection of his government. Our representation, made coincidentilly with those of the British government, whose subjects were also largely interested, happily resulted in the recognition by Portugal of tho propriety of submitting tbe claim for indemnity, growing out of its action to arbitration. This plan of settlement having been agreed upon, the interested powerB readily concurred in the proposal to submit tbe caae to tbe judgment of three eminent jurists to be oeslgnated by the president of the Swiss republic, who, upon the joint invitation of the governments of the United States, Great Britain and Portugal, has eelected persons well qualified for the task before them, -i Treaty With Japan. " The revision of our treaty relations with tbe Empire of Japan has continued to be the, subject of consideration and of correspondence. The questions involved are both grave and delicate; and wbile it will be my duty to see that the intereatB of the United States are not by any charges exposed to undue discrimination, I sincerely hope that Buch revision as will satisfy the legitimate expectations of the Japanese government and maintain the present long-existing friendly lelations between Japan and the United States will be effected. The United States and ITexico. The friendship between our country and Mexico, born of close neighborhood and strengthened by many considerations of it-timate Intercourse and reciprocity, have never been more conspicuous than now, nor more hopeful of increased benefit to both nations. The intercourse of the two countries by rail, already great, Is making constant growth, Tbe established lines, and those recently projected, add to the intimacy of traffic and open new channels of access to fresh areas of demand and supply. The importance of tbe Mexican railway system will be further enhanced to a degree almost impos slble to forecast, if it should become a link in the projected Inter continental rail- j way. I recommend that our mission to tbe City of Mexico be raised to the first class. Cordial Relations With Spain. The cordial character of our relations with Spain warrants the hope that by the continuance of methods of friendly negotiations much may be accomplished in the direo ion of an adjusment of pending questions and of the increase of our trade. The extent and development of our trade with the island of Cuba Invest the commercial relations of the United States and Spain with a peculiar - importance. It is notjdoubted that a Special arrangement in regard to commerce based upon the reciprocity provision of the recent tariff act would operate most beneficially for both governments, ThiB subject is now receiving attention. Tho Remains of John Ericsson, The restoration of the remains of John Ericsson to Sweden afforded a gratifying occasion to honor tbe memory of the great inventor, to whose service our country owes ao much, and to bear witness to the unbroken friendship which has lasted between tho land which bore him end the one which claimed him as a citizen. : Teneenolan Claims. On the 2nd of SoptemherlaBt, the commission appointed to revise the pro. ceedings of the commission under tbe claims convent'ns Mwec-r. -'ie U States at*)} Venezuela of 1868, brought its { labors ta a close, within the period fixed I for that purpose. Tho proceedings of j tbe late commission wore characterized by a spirit of impartiality and a high Boneo of justice, and an Incident which was for nviuy years tho subject of discussion between the two governments has been;diBposed of in a manner alike honorable and satisfactory to both par tieB. For the setttlement of the claim of the Venezeula Steam TranBpartation company, which was the subject of a joint resolution of congreBB, negotiations are still in progress and their early conclusion ia wnticipated. The Consular Petvtce. The legislation of the past few years haB evinoed on the part of congress a growing realization of the importance of the conBuhr service in fostering our commercial relations abroad and in protecting the domestic revenues. As the ecopo of. operations" expands,'Increased provisiokimust bB made to keep ngs the eBBentialstandard of efficiency. TbTe UHceaalty of aorao adequate measure of supervision auu inspection has beeu to often preBented that I need only commend tho subject to your attention. ] 'he Bevenuos of the Government j Pmm p.U sources for the flBcal year ending June 80,1000, were $4G3,96i5,080 55, mid the total expenditures for the same period wero %;JiJ8,(ii8,u84 S2.Thepostal receipts have not heretofore been included In the comparison. The sum of $00,-882,007 02 nbould be deducted from both bides of tho account. The surplus for the year, including tho amount applied to the sinking fund, was $105,844,488-03. Tbe receipts for 1800 were $16,080,-028.70, and the expenditures $15,780,871 in excess of those of 1880 The customs receipts increased $5,885,842.88, and tbe receips for internal revenue $11,725,191.-89, while on the Jother Bide of expenditures that for pensions was $19,812,075,96 in excess of the preceding year, The t reasury Statement For the current fiscal year, partly actual and partly estimated, is as follows: Receipts from all sources $400,000,000; totil expenditures $354,000,000, leaving a Bur-plus of $52,000,000, not taking the postal receipls into account on either side. The loss of revenue from customs for the last quarter is estimated at $25,000,000, but from this is deducted a gain of about $16,000,000 realized during the first four months'of the year. For the year of 1892 the total estimated receipts are $373, 000,000, and tbe estimated expenditures $867,852,200 42, leaving an estimated surplus of $15,147,790 68, which with a cash balance of $52,000,000 at the beginning of the year will give $87,147,700.58 as the sum available for tho redemption of outstanding bonds or other uses. Tbe estimates of receipts and expenditures for the pQBtofDce department being equal are not Included in this statement on either side. Ihe Silver BUI. The act "directing the purchase of silver bullion and the issue of treasury notes thereon," approved June 14* 1890, has been administered by tbe secretary of tbe treasury with an earnest purpose to get into circulation at the earliest pos slble date* the full monthly amounts of treasury notes contemplated by his pro viBlonv, and at the same time to give to the markets tor silver bullion such support as the law contemplates. The recent depreciation in the price of. silver has been observed with regret. The rapid rise in price which anticipated and followed the paseage of the act was influenced in Borne degree by specula tion and the recent reaction ia in part the result of the same cause and in part of the recent monetary disturbances. Some months of further trial will be necessary to determine tbe permanent effect of the recent legielation upon silver values, but it is gratifying to know tbat the increased circulation secured by the aot has exerted, and will continue to exert, a more beneficial influence upon business and upon general values. While it has not been thought best to renew formally the question of an international conference looking to an agree ment touching the full use of silver for coinage at a uniform ratio, care haB been taken to observe any change in the situation abroad, and no possible onportunlty will be lost to promote a result which it ia confidently believed would confer very large benefits upon tbe commerce of the world. The recent monetary disturbances in England are not unlikely to suggest a reexamination of opinions upon this subject. Our very large Bupply of gold will, if not lost by impulsive legislation in the supposed interest of silver, give us a position of advantage in promoting a permanent and safe international agreement for the free use of silver sb a coin metal. The Increased Circulation. The efforts of the secretary to increase the volume of money in circulation by keeping down the treasury surplus to the lowest practicable limit have been unremitting, and in a very high degree successful. Tables presented by him showing the increase of money in circulation during the last'two decades, anil especially the table showing the increase during the nineteen months he has administered the affairs of tho department, are interesting and instructive. The increase of the money in circulation during the nineteen months hag been in the aggregate $93,866,813, or about $1 50 per capita; and of this increase only $7,100,000 was due to the recent silver legislation. That thiB sub-1 Btantiul and needed aid given to commerce resulted in anenormouB reduction of the public debt and of the annual interest charge, is a matter of increased satisfaction. There bos been purchased and redeemed since March 4,1889,4 and 4% per cent, bonds to tbe amount of $211,862,450, at a cost of $246,020,741, resulting in the reduction of tho annual in-I teres* charsa of $8,067,609, and a total ^saving'of interest of $51,670,700. The Internal Bevenue. I notice with great pleasure the statement of the secretary that tbe receipts from internal revenue have in creased during tbe last fiscal year nearly $12,000,000, and that the coat of collecting this large revenue was less by $00,-617 than for the same purpose in the preceding year. The percentage.of cost of collecting the customs revenue was Iobb for the last fiscal year than ever before. The Customs AdmlnlstxatlonBuard Provided for by the act of Juno' 10,1890, was selected with great care and composed in part of men whuae previous experience in the administration of the old customs, regulations had made them fa-inilar with the evils to be remedied and m part of the men whosn legal and ju dicial acquirements and experience seemed to fit them for the work of inter preting and applying the now etatute, The chief aim of the law is to secure mer- honest valuations of all dutiable chaadise and to make these Tainauons uniform at all ports of entry. It bad been manifest by a congressional Investi gatlon that a system or under valuation has been lung in uee by certain classes of importers, resulting not only in a great loss of revenue, but in a most intolerable deecrlialnatiou against their honesty. It is not seen how this legislation, when it is understood, can be regarded by the citizens of any country having commerr ial dealings with us, as unfriendly. If any duty Is nupposed to be excessive, let the complaint be lodged there. It will surely not be claimed by any well disposed people that a remedy may be sought and allowed In a system of quasi-smuggling. The War Department, The report of the secretary of war Bhows several gratifying results attained during the year by wise and unostentatious methods. The percentage of desertions from the army (and for which both ooDgress and the department have been long seeking a remedy) has been reduced during the past year 24 per cent, and for the months of August and September, during which time the favorable effects of the aot of June 10, were felt, 83 per cent., as compared with the same montb-. of 1889. The results. attained by a reor ganization and consolidation of tbe divisions having charge of the hospital and service records of tho volunteer soldiers ore very remar ksble. This change was effected in J uly, 1889, and at that time there were 40,654 cases awaiting attention, more than half of them being calls from the pension claims On the 80th of luBt June, though over three hundred thousand new calls had come in, there was not a single cose that had not been examined and answered I concur in the recommendations of the secretary that adequate art! regular appropriations be continued tor coast do fenBe works and ordnance. Plans bave been practically agreed upon, and theio can be no good reason for delaying the execution of them, wbile the defenseless state of our great seaports furnishes an urgent reason for wise expedition. The organization that has been extend ed to the militia of the states generally, and most appropriately designated "the national guard," should be continued and enlarged. The Beport of the Attorney-General Is under the law submitted directly to congress, but as the department of justice is one of tbe executive departments, somo reference to tbe work done is appropriate here. A vigorous, and in the main an effective effort has been made to bring to trial and punishment all violators of the law, but at the same time care has been taken that frivolous and technical effenses should not be used to swell the fees of officers or to barrass well disposed cHizmb, Especial attention Is called to tbe facts connected with the prosecution of violators of tbe el�otion laws, and of offenses against United States officers. The number of convictions secured, vary many of them upon pleas of guilty, will, it is hoped, have % salutary restraining influence. Interference With Postmnstert. There have been several esses where postmasters appointed by me have been subjected to violent interference in tbe discharge of their duties, and tbe persecutions and personal violence of the most extreme character. Some of these cates have been dealt vsith through tbe deparment of justice, and in some cases the post offices have been abolished or suspended. I have directed the postmaster general to pursue thiB course in all cases where other efforts failed to secure for any, postmaster, not himself in fault, an opportunity peacefully to exercise the duties of hiB office. But such action will not supplant the efforts of the department of justice to bring the particular offender to punishment. Srandnlent Naturalisation. Tbe vacation by judicial decrees of fraudulent certificates of naturalization upon bills in equity filed by the attorney general in the circuit court of the United States, is a new application of a familiar equity jurisdiction. Nearly one hundred suoh decrees bave been taken during the year, the evidence disclosing tbat a very large number of traudulent certificates of naturalization have been Issued; and in this connection I beg to renew my recommendation that tbe laws be so amended aa to require a more full and searching inquiry into all tho facts neoeseary to naturalization before any certificate is granted. The B�port ot the Postmaster Genera) Shows the ruoat gratifying progress in-the important work committed to his direction. The business methods have , -been greatly improved. A large economy in expenditure and an increase of $4,750,000 in receipts have been realized. The deficiency this year is $5,788,800, as against $6,850,183 last year, notwithstanding tho great enlargement of the service. Mail routes have been extended and quickened, and greater accuracy and. dispatch in distribution and delivery have been attained. The report will be found to be full of Interest and suggestions, not only to congress, but to those citizens who may be Interested to know what business methods can do for that department iot public administration which, most nearly touches all our people. Tho Crusade Against Lotteries. Tha passage of the act to amend certain sections of the revised statutoa relating to lotteries, approved Sept.,10,1800, has been received with great and deserved popular favor.1 Tho postofBce department and the department of justice at onco entered upon the enforcement of the law with sympathetic vigor, and already the public malls have been largely freod from the fraudulent and demoralizing appeals and literature emanating from the lottery companies. The Mew Navy. The construction and equipment pi the new ships for the navy have made very eaticfactory progress. Sicco March 4;: 1880, nine new vosBela have been put in commiBBion, and during thin winter four more, including one monitor, will be added. The construction of tbe other veBselB authorized is being pushed, both in the government and private yards, with energy and watched with the most! scrupulous care. The experiments conducted during the year to test the relative ruslflting power of armor plates bave been so valuable as to-attract great attention in Europe. Tho only part of the work upon the now ships that is threatened by unusual delay is tho armor plating, and every effort is being made to reduce that to the minimum. It is a Dource ot congratulation that the anticipated Influence of these modem upon the esprit de corps of theofficerg and seimen has been fully realized. Confidence and pride in the Bhip among the crew are equivalent to a secondary battery. Your favorable consideration is invited to the recommendation!! of the secretary. The Interior Department. The report of the secretary of tbe interior exhibits with great fullness anil clearnesBtbe vast work of tbat great department and the satisfactory results attained. Tho suggestions made by him are earnestly commended to the consideration of congress, though they cannot alt be given particular mention here. Indian A flairs. The several aots of congress looking t