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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - April 20, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas HUTCHINSON DAILY NEWS: SUNDAY M0BNIN6, APBIL 20,1890. fS^LssWi mi in Opposite Hotel Midland, Is your place to buy your French China/jAd amantine China, Semi-Porcelain^and Ivory Body Dinner Wear,^^^*?- Both in Sets and open stock of the most uniquejdecora-tions l.",- J Six, Ten and Twelve Pieces Chamber Sets inlPrint ed and Hand Painted Decorations. Water Sets, Berry Sets Bread and Milk Sets, Ice Cream Bets, Hanging, Stand and Hand Lamps. Glassware. Please call and eee our goods. RUDESILL & DAYKIN. OF THE WAYS AND MEANS GOSSIP REGARDING ONE OF UNCLE SAM'S MAIN COMMITTEES. It Is tt Court Which Sits la Judgment >jn the Commerce the Jr^annfHCluret and the Labor of the People-ltd Power aud . It* Perftonuel. ' ISpeclal Correapondence.] Washington, April 10.-The ways and means committee of the house hus just finished its task of preparing a now tariff bill. What is this ways and means coin- mn t,i:jr report- nxa mo run commiiioe. Th,� minority then for the iirat time may flee it. Ntv inatUr whethnr tlioy like it or not-it ie the hill, and thus soes to the house, and, :iccicle:itfl biirmi, lo the statute books. Now the minority begins to frame a hill of its own. It, too, needs a commit-' too room. For half a century the ways and means lias had but oi-o apartment. Now it has two. A few days ago Speaker Reed took pauession of the ladies' reception room, closed up r.n entrance to the Capitol and made of it a ways and means meeting place. It i* a picturesque apartment, all mnrbls in walls and ceiling, a huge portiere ac one end and WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HOOS13. rnittee, and how does it work? It is the moat powerful committee of congress. It is a court which sita in judgment on the commerce, the manufactures, the labor of the people. | No other thirteen men in the land have Bo much 1'eHponBibility, so much power, as havothey. All the governors of states, all the cabinet ministers, all the justices of tho supremo court, aTe as pigmies compared to them. As parties go and legislation is carried on, a ways and means committee of the house of representatives possesses authority that is al most monarchical, for it prepares tho laws in which is exercised that greatest function of covernment, the taxing power, and the political party which has made the committee generally enacts the measures which it prepares and proposes. � Tito ways and means committee is the federal taxing board. It not only determines how muob money shull flow into tho coffers of the government, but whence it shall come. Tho taxing board of a county or city as a rule buy power only to fix tho sum to be collected and to pro rate that among all property owners, so much tax lo each hundred dollars nl assessed value. No such restrictions bind tho autocrats of the ways and mount, committee. H is within their province to let one man go scot freo of taxes and to tax another to ck-ath,* to say to one manufacturer, "Yea shall prosper and �wax rich," and to his neighbor, "You shall bo ruined;" to extinguish or kindle furnace tires; to open or close the doors of factories, and to stop or sfcirt the great engines in mills and mines. This -------------- aiunesis irre nffueu to oe present ana offer arguments concerning the chunks in the law which they desire. Thewe in terostfl are never backward. They como to the front always in large numbers. They como from all parts of the country and from every walk of life. Here mill ionairo manufacturers like '3arnegie and Spreckels meet plain, blunt farmers like Mr. Brown, of York county, Pa., and Mr. Piollet, of Bradford county. Sometimes great lawyers appear before tho committee to make arguments for their client*, and members of the house, and senators also, for their constituents. Thes taritf hearings are held before the full eommittee, Democrats as well its Republicans. The doors are open, too, and whosoever will may come. Often large crowds assemble, and help to make up a scene of rare interest. In the mid-dio of a room about thirty-five feet square is a long, wide table. It is covered with books, papers and documents. Surrounding it are thirteen chairs, and tho table just in front of each chair bears the name of one of the members. Here Bits the committee, and crowding about are hundreds of spectators, only a few of whom can find scuts. Tho houso rules against smoking do not obtam here, and every otlior man has a cigar in his mouth. Of t ourse the air is very bad, and about once in ten minutes an old man who Btanda it. the rear of the room with along pole in his hand readies up and pulls down a window, Seven or eight minutes later, when the men with bald heads begin to cor.iplain, the old man pushes tho window up again. Thus, while we are learning something about tho taxing power of our government, we also gain an insight to the c ratio methods of ventilation practiced in the government's greatest building, into v hich a score of millions of tho tax money h.ivo been poured. The men who come to present arguments beforo the committe 3 bring w.-th them great numberB of samples. Soon tho big table is covered vith pieces of cloth, bunches of wool, fragments pf metal, glass and carthenws re, BUgar and sirups in little bottles, ant many scores of such things. Clerk Cai/son is rapidly building up a ways and means mui'.eum, composed entirely of theso sample articles, and ranging in variety from a pin from Sheffield to the hide of a South American Bteer. After tho hearingB are concluded the real work of making a tariff bill begins, This is done with closed doors, and only the majority of tho committee participate. When theltepuVicansarein powe the chairman and his party friends re tiro to somo private room to do their work in secret. Meanwhile tho Democrats stand by and complain of this "dark lantern'' method. When the Democrats ;iro in ]lower they get olf in some pluu: iiy themselves, and then the Republicans raise the cry of dark lantern methods, tjuch, it will bo observed, is polities in America. It is a serious job which these men un dertakn when they sit down in xjrivate. A tariff- bill is a formidable document, Tradition baa it that the average tariff bill contaius 4,000 items. A recent presi- carlisle, mills and breckinridge. with two rows of columns, each bearing tho Thomas Jefferson American capital of maize and tobacco. Hero meet these representatives of Democracy - r-nen whose names are known from ono eud of the country to the other-Mills, Carlisle, Breckinridge, McMillin, Flower. In the outer room Chairman McKin ley, tho Little Napoleon of Protection, ia surrounded by Dingley, Gear, Lafollette, Bayne, Payne, McKenna and Burrows- an array of brain and loyalty of which tho Republican party is proud. Walter Wellmak. I'lrs-isnqu^'s force of re'porters at that timo was small, and Mr, llearn, who happened to call, was asked by Sfr. Ooek-r.rell to do the descriptive part, Mr. ,1. 11. McCormlck, now tho business agent of W. II. Crane, the actor, was Mr. Ilearn's co-worker in that reportorial sensation, for it made a sensation peculiarly above and beyond what tho usual newspaper accounts of murders create. Mr. Hearn's powers of picturing the horrible had a fertile field in that murder. Ho went to the Ecene of tho tragedy, and not only used his sense of sight, feeble na it was, to an advantage whloh other reporters of perfect vision did not accept, but he brought to bear upon the case in hand his sense of smell and touch. To see the horrors of the case he was compelled to stoop close over the charred remains, and, as a consequenoe, he could not help using Ids olfactories, And yet he went further. I do not believe Mr. Hearn over approached ao object close enough to Bee it that ho did not favor it with his caressing touch. The tan yard victim was no exception, Mr. Hearu saw it, smelled it, touched it. Yea, he put a finger into the eyeless socket of tho half consumed head, pretty much as ho had a habit of thrusting his index digit through the button hole of your coat. Then he went back to the office, sat down to a desk, or rather lay down on one-for he never sat upright while preparing a manuscript-and when his task was done he had accomplished a literary horror. No man of this generation except Lafcadio Uearn could havo drawn such a shuddering word painting of what be saw, had smelled and handled in the victim of "The Tan Yard Murder." Therefrom dated his engagement as a reporter for Tho Enquirer. I began work in the same department the day following the murder, the day upon which Mr. Heain'e master stroke of descriptive writing appeared in print. O. P. CiTIXJR. CHESS AND CHECKERS. No. 47-By V. Schiffer, An important Invention by a woman ia the dishwashing machine, patented by Mrs. W. A. Cockran, of Indiana. It will thoroughly wash and dry twenty dozen dishes in two minutes, and is in great demand for hotels and boarding houses. Mrs. Cockran is realizing a handsome fortune from her invention. HOWARD'S FIRST NEWSPAPER WORK. Chess problem Vtazma, . , Black. TUB inner sanctum, is a tyraut's power, but It is precisely tho power wielded by the thirteen men on wham we are to look, i The ways and means committee, of course, represents in a majority of its members the party in power in the house of representatives. It is appointed by the speaker, and in this creation of com dittoes lies that power of the speaker's diSca whloh make* it easily the second ejlflcc of Importance in tho United States oyernment. The oboirman of the ways ,, andjatmn* oomnilttee is by tradition and common consent the leader of the house, . He is usually a man of long experience ilicl great ability. Tradition says, also, ' fhat eight of the members shall bo in accord with the majority of the house, while fire shall be appointed to represent the minority. ' Tho chief duty of the committee is preparation of a taxing or tariff bill. As a preliminary to m>'�  programme of "hearings" Is arranged.: Oo Appointed day* (be nn^resentattves of various m'kxnlev, burrows, and lafolletth. dent of tho United States used that number in his message to congress to itius-trato tho importance of tho measure. But the number gives no adequate idea of tho scope of a tariff bill, It is a thing which cannot bo expressed in numbers. Leaving out the tew hundred items mentioned in the full list, everything else known to the people, everything which they wear, drink, smoke or use In their liomea, on their persons, in their stores, offices, factories and fields, bears a rate of duty. And here sit the eight potentates of commerce, of trade, of manufacture*,; twisting the industries of the country about their fingers by the siinplo putting on of fractions and peroeuts, or by the taking away of tho same. Prosperity or adversity to hundreds of important Industries follows each letter which the clerk puts down on paper at tho direction of theso eight men. Is it any wonder the ways and means is considered the greatest of committees? Is it any wonder that H visually absorAs the beet experience of The Genial Joiepu Mid a Cheekier Thing Thar, Dllworth Clio ate of New York. [Special Correspondence/] New York, April 10.-The case of Choate, the reporter who hid in the jury room at the Flack trial, has given rise to all sorts of reminiscences and yarns concerning instances of newspaper enterprise, or reportorial cheek. The story of Joe Howard's first piece of newspaper work is perhaps one of the most interesting, and is certainly characteristic of the man. Joe had just returned from an unsuccessful busineat venture in California and was visiting friends ic Lynn, Moss. Tho great strike of tho Lynn shoemakers was in progress, and when Joe reached the hotel he found the names of half a dozen well known newspaper reporters on the register. It was the fashion in those days for the correspondent to register the name of the paper ho represented, and after Howard had read, "So-and-so, Tho New York Herald;" "Blank Blank, The New York Tribune," and so on, he became afflicted with a spirit of emulation and wrote in a large, flowing hand, Joseph Howard, Jr., The New York Times." He had, at that time, never written a line for a newspaper in his life, and his only connection with The Times was as on occasional purchaser. In the course of the afternoon be met several of the newspaper men and found that they were In tho dumps. The strikers were holding meetings with closed doors, and It was impossible to learn anything of their doings. I'll fix that," said Joseph, after listening to the tale of woe. That evening he marched down to the hall where the meetings were held, knocked on the door, and when it was opened boldly pushed his way in. He strode up the middle aisle to the platform, stepped to the front, besido the chairman's table, interrupted the speaker with a courteous yet commanding "Excuse mc for one moment, please," and then, before the astonished strikers could regain their scattered senses, bo launched into a characteristically Howurdian speech. He told them that ho had been stent on by The New York Times to represent their case fairly to a waiting world; that ho wished to counsel with them, to advocate their cause and assist them in gaining their point. Ho spoke enthusiastically of tho rights of labor, of the power of the press and the duty of American citi �ens. He told them stories, got them into thoroughly good humor and practically took charge of the meeting. After the meeting was adjourned he sat down to write his drat newapapor article. Ho sent it to Tho Times without a word of explanation, Bigned it "Howard" and awaited developments. The letter reached Tho Times office late at night, and the editor, supposing "Howard" to bo work ing under instructions from Mr, Raymond, printed it. The next morning when Mr. Raymond came to the office his first question was: "Who is Howard?' Nobody knew. His matter was bright, readable, and a decided "scoop." Mr. Raymond communicated with him and arranged to have him follow the strike to tho end On his return to New York ho became regularly connected with The Times, and has stuck to newspaper work ever s'nee, If it had not been for his spirit of "bluff he would hare probably been a merchant, and journalism would have been without one of its most entertaining figures, Allan Forman. Dr. Lamcraux's BLOOD  AND - NERVE - KING! Cures Indigestion, Liver Complaint, Constipation of the Bowels, etc. A Perlectly Safe arid Reliable Purgative Medicine. Price, 50 cents per bottle. WORLDS CURE FOR PAIN! A never failing Remedy for all Aches and Pains, such as Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Headiche, Toothache, Sprains, Bruises, etc. Midland Pharmacy, Agents. The trade supplied. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. The News Printing & Pawer Co. 19 and 21 East Sherman Street,! ^ L. WIN SLOW, * {Dentist, rTorkgnarentned. OJGce, fr 9, eonlh Ifeli. .treat roost, dw Sti PHYglCLaJCS. G.: a. sufta4m. d., Diseases of the Bye, Ear, Noee; and Throat. Office So. 1, North Mala itreet. Resident* Grace Church Hector/. Office houn lv! 801. - St to 4 p.m. g H. StDLlNQKB, Phytlciax and ffwsaon. Office over Btalhurer'f drag etna, Ofln tali phone, II; residence St. W. MoKINNKt Physician ana Sartrvon. Offloe ever Na. 00, eoute. Main eoeet. White. White to play and mate in throe moves. Checker problem No. 47-By W McDer-mid: Black-S. S. S. 18*. THE TAN YARD MURDER. Hie rint How Lafcadio Hearn Made " '' . Strike. ' '" N�w York, April 10.-I believe "The Tan Yard Murder" was Lafoadlo Hearn' first assignment as a reporter on Tho Cir. olnnati Enquirer. The orlme wan committed one Saturday night in tho latter part of October, 1874, but was not discovered until the next day. Andrew Egner, his son and an accomplice, all employes of a tan yard, killed a fellow workman most brut�iUy, using a pitchfork as tho weapon of partial slaughter. They then carried tho body, with the breath of life not yet extiaot, antf throw it into one of dlacoyerad a_J Jrklr it4 1 �rcrxa a~*m (�s�__ bus i 1 ULi hit*? White-11, 13, 14, 35*. White to play and win. SOLOTJOSS. Chess problem No. 40: White. Black. l..KttoKt� l..Kmoves. S. .KttoQ7x 3.. K moves. 3. .ft mates. Checker problem No. 46: White. Black. 1.. 2 to a 1..10 toM 3.. 6 to 0 3..14 to 18 3. .11 to 15 Drawn. Chess problem No. 48-By A. C. Falaier B"ondo,Ia,: Black. White. White to play and mate in three mores. Checker problem No. 48-By C. St*igt� wait: Black-1, u, 14, S2, 25* White*-!), 18*, 27, 29,81. White to play ami win. BOLDTIOJCa Chess problem No. 47: White. Black. L.QtoKt7 L.ExKt 2..QtoB8x 3..R.xq a.. K t to K Ornate. .... L.KxP S..QtoB7ch moves S.-RtfaKtSmate. .... L.BxKt S..KttoKt3 ch 3..KiP S..Q to K 7 mate .... 1..PXK* av.QtoKMeb 3..K3 J. S..Kt toB7mate. l..KttoK� 8..KttoKt3cti 3..KX P 8..Q to B 7 mate. .... l..RtoK8 S..KttoEt*ch �..KtoP B.,EttoB?mats. Checker uroblim Na 47 Whita. Blank. 1..35 to at L.lSto � 8.. 13to 8 a., a to � 8. .31 to 17 3.. 9 to la �..17tol� 4.. 8 to 9 C.lOto  ft.. 9 toll �..Uto laa^whM. , TfewxysmsmoaMaUal lyaatokaatiw] ^i^hasalwaTipMoMs awn stjrl T. P. BOMBT80B, PhyaifllAa and Smrgeon. O&es, roomi a and i, ovorpoetofflos. J 6. MALOOLX, Pnjaielnn and Snrfftom* (HoaMrpsthlc) OBce, 111 let h�m eaev A.1 X. HUTCHINSON, X. Htwuspatbio Pnyalntan and Burgeon anu Specialist In rectal dUeaeM. PPee onw mthont the use ot knife or Uftattus. Office He 18 North 2faln Etreet, room 7 over Voueb lire* tore. Keeldence Ko. �29 2tfth ereaae ireet. -T^THITRLAW * HUMPHREY, Attorney* as law, OOce ever PL-et Nittonal Ban*. BnSrsaea ot Bherman itreet. T^yrHlTBBIDB A ttLEABOH, Attorneys at law. Office, rooms 1, t, S, 4, over Mo. 34 Booth Hun Bi M' Attorney* At I*�w, Office, Rooms 10 and 11 MAaonlc Temple, cor aer Mivln ud Sherm&n. h. urwifl. a. xmBo* KW1B A FJBRCB, ; Attorneys at Ia�v. Hutchinson. Kaneu. � Booms .11 and 11 No South Main etreat. Attorneys ml Jmw� (D, KbUlng, County Attonro. Booms I and 4, Wdttngar block. J. ATTOBHanYB, CCABTKB? * wisb, 1lah bhoads8, Lawyer. Office over Btrat NaUorudibaak. JJAVIDaON A WILLIAMS. Lawyere, Booou 1 and a over Kaluga's stars. JV4.TLOB, JONBS A TA.TLOR, Attorneys at lav, Office, np-stalre, tfasonlQ temple. V. OLTKBB, Jaktomay at lav. Office, eonth fcUln itreet, nearcoart hrnin. KU8XO. pBOJT. 0. H. OAKSB, Teaeher of piano, Ortu, Violin, eninr Voile etadio, room No. 42, Hotel Brarurvrt Second Avenue eant ABOHITKOT8. D. T.IDBPBY, lioom B First National Bonk building, Hutcl, Ihbou, Kan bob. P A. QABTWiCB, Arohltecfe, Zimmerman building, Hutchinson, Eaasaa. CARTERS ITTLE PILLS. GUk Beadaohe and relieve Ml ti� troablaa teaV dent to > iiulona state ot the Jj>�t�rr. eaoh as Dl-elnM, Hauaie, Crow.uwM, t>utr5" ratine, pain In the EUoe. as. While tht'r moat leiiii. � lliln sil nnets his tT/�n ihovn iacortufi nUaftaeluv Vat Oertef � titUs Irtee 31Hs are vull; Taioabla lu OobitlpaUsn. carina ond pre-mitlng !>� I� aniioylng ooapUinLwhlle thoy llw eotricTaUdiaorderc ^:he>WinaolM>thaiuMe the Strerv.iregnUlethe>�*eli. avenUUayenly HEAD aehetner woclSbs almost prl�**ie to HtoaeiAo anfter Cram this dUt*ge&ut ooxilalntt bat t^t� natety their soodneM doat nete-^rt bere,wd tnuM �hoonoe4�/tn��> irLM and thee*Ulue�U1m valn-abteniMrnanjirayiitaU thtr �Ul not be wU-4i�todnvUhcnttuern. But attar aUUfikbead ti*mba�aef �oiuuirUtm 'Jtiit her* verw^eotusTeeiboaet. Onr julaoareltwhlia olnersdonoC ' '* Oartertrjtue liver Pais e�a very amaU,and very auy toUke. One or v�o yllla mAkaa dooe. tbey are itrlcUy vegeUbl; ana Ac sot frlneat DOES A GENERAL T0B PRINTING! Book Making -AHD-- SPECIALTIES IN THE BOOK DEPARTMENT. Journals, Ledgers, Balance Books, Minor Abstract Books, Blank Books of all kinks, Land Examiner's Books \ Loan Registers, County Records, Manilla Copy Books, Ward Registration Books, "White Paper Copy Books, Scale Books a specialty! Real Estate Contract Books, Attorney's Collection Registers. SPECIALTIES 1 THE JOB DEPARMTEHT. Letter Heads, Packet Note Heads, Letter Note Heads, Commercial Note Heads,, Small Posters, Large Postersand Bills, Pony Statements, Bill Heads, all sizes, Statements, all sizes, Abstract Books, all sizes, Deeds, Mortgages, Leases, Eto Drafts, Bank Checks, Filing Cases, Deposit Checks, Counter Checks, Notary's Seals, Banker's Cases, Crushed Euvelopes, Document Envelopes, County and City Warrant Books mna/tnshytta' rejttla'kcuon ykaeeall w�o BMUuei. l&Tlal -' luoentsi eve lor fc. Boat *t ftrmisWs svaf Itare, or seat by mall. CAITEX MrJiONE CO., He* Vork. The above is only a partial list of the goods we carry and the "work-we are prepared to execute promptly. We are making a specialty of Magazine Book Binding! and we bind Magazines and Law Books in all styles and at lowest prices. We wish the public to understand that we are ready and prepared to execute any kind of Printing or Book Work! Have stock forms, but can make special forms to order. We guarantee all work and solicit patronage. Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention. Addrea B.F.CAEY, Malta & Awning Facfocy NEWS PRINTING AND* FAPEfS 3303 ;