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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - April 5, 1968, Hutchinson, Kansas The Hutchinson News 96th Year No. 277 26 Pages Friday, April 5. 1968, Hutcliinson, Kansas 67501 MO 2-3311 B Price lOe Martin Luther King Shot to Death Johnson Puts Off Trip to Honolulu WASHINGTON (AP)-President Johnson said Thurs day night "we have been saddened" by the slaying of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. I ask every citizen to reject the blind violence that has struck Dr. King who lived by nonviolence." In a brief message to the nation via television and radio, Johnson disclosed tliat he is postponing a trip to Hawaii for a Vietnam strategy conference. He had been scheduled to leave ai'ound midnight. He said he will leave Friday. The White House announced that on his way, Johnson will stop at March .Mr Force Base, Calif.. Friday to tallc with former President Dwiglit D. Eisenhower. It was disclosed also Greensbiirg Native Missing in War GREENSBURG - A Greensburg native pUoting the first FlllA to be lost in the Vietnam War was reported missing in action Thunsday. Capt. Dennis Graham, son of Mr. and Mrs. Clement Graham, formerly of Greensburg, was repoi'ted by the Air Force to be missing 15 minutes from his target. Mrs. Graham, contacted at her Lubbock, Te.vas home told The News, "We've received communiques from the Air Force telling us that they are still searching for Dennis. They've asked me not to say anything. Right now. it's in the hands of God." The FlllA a swing-wing craft with speeds up to 1,500 miles per hour, was developed from the old controversial TFX warplane. The one Capt. Graham was piloting and five others like it arrived in Thailand from Neliis Air Force Base, Nevada, March 17. Second Plane Lost A second FlllA was lost Saturday, but its two-man crew was recovered. The North Vietnamese government claimed this week that it had shot down the plane Graham was piloting, but there has been no U.S. confirmation. Loss of the jeti3, packed with highly sophisticated electronic guiding gear, comes as a sharp blow to the Air Force. The planes cost the Air Force several million dollars each to build. Mrs. Graham said her son, Capt. Graham entered the Air Force immediately after gi'aduatirig from Texas A & M in 1964. He was a graduate of Greensburg High School. Mr. and Mrs. Graham moved to Texas in September of last year. Ellinwood Father Finds Son's Body ELLINWOOD- An ElUnwood father, womed about his son's absence, searched for him early Thursday morning, and found him lying dead in the wi-eckage of a one-car crash. Wilfred P. Thill woke about 4 a.m., and finding that his son hadn't returned from a trip to Salina, dressed and drove down the EUinwood-Claflin.road looking for him. He thought Gerald, 21, might have had some car trouble. Two mHes north of E 11 i n-wood he found his son's small foreign car demolished, and Gerald's body lying where it had heen thrown from the vehicle. Gerald had left his job as assistant manager of the M i d-Plains Finance Company office in Great Bend a little early Wednesday afternoon to go to Claflin and drive to Salina with his brother-in-law, Charles Hin-kle, of Claflin. The two men were making the Salina trip to visit Gerald's sister, Mrs. Charles Hink-le, who underwent major surgery in Salina three weeks ago, and who is still confined in a hospital there. The two men drove back to Weather KANSAS - Clear to partly cloudy Friday and Saturday. Warmer Friday and Friday night. Warmer Satuiday. Highs Friday 55 to 65. Hutchinson Weather Thursday's high 46 at 4 and 5 p.m.; low 28 at 6, 7, and 8 a.m.; at 10 p.m., 34. Record high 92 in 1909; record low 19 in 1920, Winds: Calm. Barometer: 29.35 and rising. Sunset Friday: 6:58 p.m. Sunrise Satui'day: 6:10 a.m. Claflin, and Gerald left for Ellinwood about 1 a.m. Tlie Highway Patrol reported that Gerald had apparently lost control of his car, possibly because of the high wind or because he went to sleep. Swerved Into Ditch The south-bound car had swerved into the right hand ditch, traveled down the ditch for 224 feet, and when it was pulled back on the highway, started rolling over. It traveled down the highway for 182 feet and then traveled 27 more feet in the left hand ditch. Gerald's body was thrown from the car when it came to a stop. The time of the accident is unknown, but the fact that he had traveled just nine miles from Claflin indicated that the accident had occui-red shortly after 1 a.m. Helicopter Forced Down BROWNELL - Ail Army CH 34 helicopter from Ft. Riley made a precautionary forced landing on a farm about 3^ miles southwest of here about 9:30 a.m. Thursday when engine trouble developed. A spoltesman at Ft. Riley said it was not known how many men were aboard the craft, but an observer said that 15 men left the helicopter. The spokesman at Ft. Riley said the men had been flown to Leoti to take part in the funeral of Chief Warrant Officer Carl Ventsam, 33, Leoti, who was killed in Korea. They were en route to the base when the engine trouble developed. There were no injuries and there was no damage to the helicopter. that South Korea's president, Chung Hee Park, will join the weekend Hawaii meeting Sunday. Hanoi Claims Hanoi charged Thursday that American planes bombed a North Vietnamese town northwest of the country's Capital-deep inside the territory the President had declared off limits to U.S. air raiders. The Pentagon quickly disa-owed any "present knowledge of any such U.S. attack since the President's speech, Sunday night'' in which he proclaimed the curtailment of U.S. bombing of North Vietnam. "Nonetheless an inimediate investigation has been ordered," Asst. Secretary Phil G. Goulding, said in issuing the Defense Department statement. The Honolulu meeting of the President with his top Washington and Saigon advisers follows Johnson's pattern for such get-togethers every half year or so for an across-the-boai'd review of the vSoutheast Asian conflict. Such sessions have been held before in Hawaii, Guam and Washington. Potential Heightened But this week's spectacular developments toward direct negotiations with Hanoi have greatly heightened the potential of this weekend's parley. Tliis time the U.S. strategists must weigh what shifts may be necessary in the conduct of the war to accompany possible developments on the diplomatic front. White House sources indicated, too, that the choice of a successor to the U.S. commander in Vietnam, Gen. William C. Westmoreland, would be on the agenda. Mter four years at Saigon, Westmoreland is returning to Washington to become Army chief of staff in July. The U.S. commander in the Pacific, Adm. U. S. Grant Sharp, also is ! due for replacement by July. In Contingent Westmoreland and Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker will be in the U.S. contingent from Saigon. Flying out from Washington ai'e Secretary of Defense Clark M. Clifford, Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, chab'man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and William P. Bundy, assistant secretary of state for East Asian affairs. Arriving at Honolulu Satiuday night from a foreign ministers' meeting in New Zealand is Secretary of State Dean Rusk. HHH Nearly Jumps In PITTSBURGH (AP) - Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey all but entered the race for the Democratic presidential nomination Thursday and he received a long, rioisy ovation from representatives of organized labor. Humphrey reminded the Pennsylvania AFL-CIO convention of his long association with labor and said, "If we stick together a little longer, we will be together a lot longer." Shout Appeals, But Humphrey, despite appeals /fom some 2,000 delegates crammed into a hotel ballroom that he "tell us what we want to hear Hubert." hinted strongly that he would not announce his decision until at least after President Johitson returns from his Vietnam tallis in Hawaii. Humphrey said, "I am not one to walk away from a decision and a decision will be forthcoming in due time.'' i^J'f I'^adHg Search For Assassin (C) 1968 New York Tlmei MEMPHIS - The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who preached nonviolence and racial brotherhood, was fatally shot here Thursday night by a distant gunman who then raced away and escaped. Four thousand National Guard troops were ordered into Memphis by Gov. Bufoi'd Ellington after the 39-year-old Nobel Prize-winning civil rights leader died. A curfew was imposed ASSASSINATION SCENE - This is an overliead view of the Memphis motel where Mr. King was fatally wounded. King was standing on the second floor balcony (just Jan. 19 Speech at K'State (lUitcliinson News-AP Wirepholo) right of the telephone pole in the picture) when he was struck either in the jaw or neck by a rifle bullet. Police quickly swarmed over the area. King Brought His Message to Kansas "It may be true the law can't make a man love me, but it can restrain him from lynching me . . ." Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. drew laughter with those words on Jan. 19- the day he brought his civil rights message to the plains in a stirring speech at Kansas State University. He smiled after he said them. In that speech, which was interrupted many times by applause, King chided Kan-sans who worry about the governmental cost of rebuilding the^ ghettoes while at tlie same time receiving a subsidy "not to farm." During his Kansas ti'ip lie met with Negro leaders in the state to formulate plans for a push for fair housing - which later narrowly failed in the Senate - and he said fair housing wUl only become a congressional reality when more and more states pass their own laws. Near the end of his speech. King, in his hea\'y southern accent, quietly noted that no part of the nation "can boast of clean hands in the realm of brotherhood." Salary Back Down VICTORIA - The thi-eat of mass resignations of teachers has been removed from U.S.D. 432 as a reisult of a teachers meeting Wednesday. In December tlie local teachers association had appointed a negotiating c o m-mittee to negotiate with the school board for higher salaries. The teachers in the district had found that their salaries were $300 to $800 a year lower than comparable schools in Wa-Keeney, Hill City, Ness City, and other surrounding towns. The district board of education offered a flat increase of $550 a year for each teacher. The teacher's committee countered with an offer of $550, plus the increase which would be provided if the state would allow a one-mill increase in the school district levy. The full mill increase would provide almost $250 per teacher, allowing a total increase of $800, which the negotiating committee thought was adequate. The board of education was adamant about the $550 ma.-d-mum and the teachers association collected 23 resignations, out of the 37 teachers under contract, to force action on the mill levy. The board of education refused to yield to the pressui'e. Some Withdraw When a teachers meeting was called Wednesday to considei-further action the negotiating committee found that many of the teachers had withdrawn their resignations, leaving the committee actually representing a minority of the teachers. The negotiating committee has now resigned and the teachers are left with three alternatives: sign a new contract with a $550 increase; negotiate individually for more than the $550 increase; or quit the system. Ousted Ruler Talks today  Deaths 3  Weather 2  Editorials 4  Amusements 5  Women's News 8-9  Sports 11  Markets '3 PRAGUE (AP) - Czechoslovakia's Communist party completed Thursday night a sweeping reshuffle of its policy-making bodies and proposed outspoken Oldrich Cernik as head of a new gowrnment likely to be formed next week. In two hours of secret balloting, advocates of the new course of "socialist democratization" emerged finnly entrenched in key positions. A few old-guard supporters were left with second-string posts. Serious Errors Earlier in the day, Antonin Novotny, the ousted Stalin-line ruler of Czechoslovakia, recanted before the reformers who forced him from power. He admitted "serious errors and aberrations" during his 15 years as party chief and criticized his own role in the Stalinist purge trials of the 1950s, the official news agency, CTK, said. The election of the balding, 44-year-old Cernk as candidate for the premiership had been forecast since the new reformist wing, under party chairman Alexander Dubcek, took control in an earlier plenum last January. Dubcek replaced Novotny, who afterwai-d resigned as president. Cernik, up to now deputy premier and head of the central planning authority, occasionally had come under criticism in the recent free-wheeling debate over the nation's future course. He was accused of having placed too much emphasis on heavy industry at one time. Novotny criticized his own role in the Stalinist purge (rials of the 1950s at a meeting of the party's Central Committee, the official news agency, CTK, said. He said his errors would remain a dark stain on Czechoslovakia's postwar history. At least 12 prominent Conmiunist leaders were hanged during a series of show trials. Train-Car Crash Kills ANDOVER - Thj-ee persons were killed and a foui-th was critically injured When a train cut a car in two four- miles east on US54 and one-half mile north of here at 10:05 p.m. Thursday. Listed in critical condition with multiple injui-ies at St. Joseph's Hospital, Wichita, is Ranie Reid Love. 17, Wichita. The bodies of the thi-ee other victims were taken to Dunsford Funeral Home, Augusta. A spokesman there said that none had been identified. was imposed on this shocked city of 550,000 inhabitants, 40 per cent of whom are Negro. Police Director Frank Hollo-man said the assassin might have been a white man who was "50 to 100 yards away in a flophouse." HoHoman said two pei'sons had been taken into custody, but he also said the police had no definite lead. King was shot while he leaned over a second - floor railing outside his room at the Loiraine Motel, chatting with two friends just before starting for dinner. One was a musician, and King had just asked him to play a Negi-o spii-itual, "Preci-cious Lord, Take My Hand," at a rally to be held two hours later Thui-sday night in support of striking Memphis sanitation-men. Gaping Wound Paul Hess, assistant admini-stator at St. Joseph's Hospital, where King died despite emergency surgery, said the minister "received a gunshot wound on the right side of the neck, a gaping wound." "He was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. Central Standard Time by staff doctors," Hess said. "They did everything humanly possible." King's mourning associates sought to calm the people they met by recalling his messages of peace, but there was widespread concern by law enforcement officers here and elsewhere over potential reactions. In a television broadcast after the curfew was ordered here, Holloman said "Rioting has broken out in parts of the city." He a,sserted, "Looting is ram-penl." The police issued an alann seeking a young white man reported to have rushed out of a building across the sti-eet after the shooting, who might have dropped a Browning automatic rifle with a telescopic sight before leaping into a car. White Car Arkansas State Police, across the Mississippi River from Memphis, received an alert to watch out for a white car driven by a white man, dark-haired and dressed in a dark suit. King had come back to Memphis Wednesday morning to organize support^ once again for 1,300 sanitation workers who have been striking since Lincoln's birthday. Just a week ago Thursday he led a march in the strikers' cause that ended in violence with a 16-year-old Negro killed, 62 persons injured and 200 arrested. Thursday he had been in his second  floor room - number 306 - throughout the day. Just about 6 p.m. Central Standard Time he emerged, wearing a silkish-looking black suit, and a white shu-t. Solomon Jones Jr., his driver, had been waiting to take him by car to the home of the Rev. Samuel Kyles, of Memphis, for dinner. Jones said later he had observed, "It's cold outside, put your topcoat on," and King had replied, "O.K., I will." King, an open - faced, genial man, leaned over a green ii'on railing to chat with an associate, Jackson, standing just below lum in a couityard parking lot. the sudden loud out. noise burst King toppled to the concrete second - floor walkway. Blood gushed from the right jaw and neck area. His necktie had been ripped off by the blast. Martin Luther King "When I tm-ned around," Jackson went on, bitteiiy, "I saw police coming from everywhere. They said, 'Where did it come from*?' and I said, 'Behind you.' The police were coming Irani where the shot came." Violence Breaks Out JACKSON, Miss. (AP) - Negro students at Jackson State College began sporadic bottle-thx'owing and window smashing Thursday night after they heard of the death of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Bottles were hurled at traffic along the four-lane thoroughfare that cuts through the campus, scene of a riot by Negi-oes in May 1967.    BOSTON (AP) - Shortly after news was flashed of the fatal shooting of Dr. Martin Luther King Thursday night, a large crowd of Negroes stoned six police cruisers near a Negro housing project in the Eoxbury section, police sald; One person was taken to Peter Bent Brigham Hospital with undetermined injuries after the outbreak. Police said some persons in the crowd carried clubs and lengths of chain.    RALEIGH, N.C. (.\P) - City police clashed with a gi-oup of about 30 young Negroes on Raleigh's main downtown street Thursday night after several store windows were shattered. The Negroes marched within two blocks of the capitol on a brief rock-throwing spree. The incident occurred about I minutes after word of Dr. Martin Luther King's assassination in Memphis had been broadcast.    NEW YORK (.AP) - Police rushed reinforcements to Harlem Thursday night as a small group of looters was reported ranging along 125th Street following the assassination of Dr. Mai'tin Luther Iving in Memphis. Bars shut down with patrons locked inside and stores which usually stay open late shuttered quickly.    WASHINGTON (AP) -Crowds of Negroes gathered in Shock, Grief Expressed By Leaders NEW YORK (AP) - The nation's civU rights and political leaders reacted with anguish, shock and grief Thui'sday night at the slaying of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis. There also was fear that the slaying could lead to more violence. Vice President Hubert H, Humphrey said the slaying "brings shame to our country. An apostle of nonviolence has been the victim of violence." New Strength The vice president said, however, that his death will bring new strength to the cause he fought for. A spokesman foi- the National Association for the Advance? ment of Colored People said, "I am shocked and grieved by this wanton murder of a peace-loving man, a dedicated, courageous man. This murder certainly does not solve anything and it will be deeply resented by Negroes through the country and by other people who believe in nonviolent protest." Former Vice President Ricb* ard M. Nixon sent a telegram to Mrs. King which said: "Dr. King's death is a great personal tragedy for everyone who knew hirn and a great tragedy for the nation." New York Mayor John V. Lindsay: "The people of our city of every race, I am sure, will join hands in paying tribute to him. Our greatest tribute to him will be to bear ourselves as he would want us to-with dignity and prayer." 'Domestic Crisis' Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., said Dr. King's death is "one of the saddest tragedies to befall the nation" and warned that the shooting will add to "a very serious domestic crisis. It's going to increase marching across our country." Fred Meely, a spokesman for the militant Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, said, "There is no real comment that we can make. Everybody knows what happened and everybody knows why it happened and the black people in this country know what they have to do about it. That's all I have to say." The Michigan House of Representatives adjourned its session Thui'sday night in honor of "a great American." Members stood for a moment of silent prayer before leaving the chamber. Beat Down Protesters In Brazil RIO DE J.\NEIRO (.-^P) -Cavalrymen, swinging sabers, di-ove theii- mounts into a crowd of 3,000 students near the steps of a cathedi-al Thursday after the military-led government said it would no longer tolerate protest demonstrations. Witnesses said about 25 persons were injured. It was the latest outburst in a week-long series of police-student clashes that have taken four lives and challenged the government of President Arthur da Costa e SUva. Several persons were dragged bleeding from Candelaria Cathedral in downtown Rio after the charge by the state mUi-tia. They had been told to treat demonstrators as "enemies invading the fatherland." j a predominantly Negi'o shop-The Rev. Ralph W. Aber- |ping ai-ea Thursday night and looting broke out in an apparent angi-y reaction to the death of Dr. Martin Luther King. nathy, perhaps King's closest friend, was just about to come out of the motel room when Intercepted l.