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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - April 1, 1970, Hutchinson, Kansas Editorial Grain Exports Down Exports of U.S. wheat and flour reached their peak in 1967, and have dwindled since. Much of the decline is the result of the "green revolution," \v h i c h jumped grain production in India, Pakistan and other south Asia areas. The decline also stems from greatly increased farm output in Europe's wealthy nations, combined with their high trade barriers against U.S. and Canadian wheat. Tiie green revolution was spurred by U.S. technical and financial aid, designed to cope with the mountainous problems of world hunger. The complaint naturally will be heard that this aid program also succeeded in cutting the throats of American fanners. It is obvious that more grain produced in south Asia means less grain imported under Food for Peace or other export plans. It is not so obvi- ous that this will ultimately mean financial loss to American farmers. Country after country which has increased its own farm production eventually has increased imports of farm products. Sometimes the new demand has outpaced growth in output. Not many countries, particularly the dependent ones, can supply a full range of food from their own farms. What this sliift means is that while Food for Peace is going down, commercial exports to these countries will go up. These will be chiefly meats, poultry, vegetable oils and oilseeds. U.S. farmers have a stake in the economic development of poor countries. They also have a stake i n knocking down the protectionism of farm products in the European Common Market. Both goals will increase our exports, and help our farm income. A 15,833 Percent Gain Pete Maravich was in Atlanta over the weekend, partly to sign a contract which will bring him $1.9 million during the next five years. Pete Maravich? Wasn't he the guy who played Warren Williams' gumshoe in those Perry Mason flicks? Well, no. Pete Maravich is another shining example of the benefits of college education, financially that is. You can figure the return on his $12,000 investment in four years at Louisiana State at 15,833 percent. Maravich is the 6-foot 5-inch guard who made Ail-American three years, and averaged 44.1 points a game in his college basketball career. Now he will play professional ball for the Atlanta Hawks of the National Basketball Association, at a contract $500,000 higher than mat received by Lew Alcindor of UCLA last year. Some people will deplore this as inflationary. They point out it is nine times what a college president would receive over a similar five-year period. It is almost double what we will pay the President of the United States for a four-year sentence in the White House. These critics say such figures represent a peculiar sense of values, or priorities as they put it. Fiddledeedee. It's free enterprise, that's all. It's the epitome of the American dream, rags to riches, obscurity to fame, recognition of talent --particularly if that talent is a certain physical dexterity that people will pay to see. "I'm very pleased," said Pete Maravieh. "This is the tiling I've been looking forward to." You see ? All that, and humility too. Hutchinson News Wednesday, April 1, 1970 Page 6 Darkness at Easter %!F W� HURRY, We CAM CONVERT IT INTO A SUBMARINE! ' Washington Phrase Booklet Tourist Should Learn Language of the Capital Uptight on the Census This is Census Day, and it's a bit wild. Since 1890, the census people have wanted to know how many children women have had. In 1970, a Congressman claims this is sex disaimination. Fears have been voiced from the ghettos that the census is a device for getting more draft names, for credit bureaus, for grabbing men living with families on welfare and putting them to work. The mildest criticism is that it is an invasion of privacy, particularly when it asks about bathtubs. The worst is that it is a "vehicle of genocide" aimed at blacks. The census is an institution. All our histitutions are under attack these days, so these protests are to be expected. the view from here To put a little focus on how serious an invasion of privacy it is, let's go back to 1880 and '90. Some people were asked to answer 470 questions in those years. Questions included the number of paupers in a family, how much they drank, whether homeless children had been born "respectably," the incidence of syphilis, the number of family idiots and how big their heads were. With such questions, a query about a bathtub was hardly noticed. The News is as concerned about invasion of privacy as anyone, but finds it hard to detect any plots in this mild 1970 census. The information on individuals is confidential. The questions are not revealing. And it is important that the nation, and our home communities, have accurate head counts. by s.a. By RUSSELL BAKER (C) 1970 N. Y. Times News Service WASHINGTON - Springtime brings the tourist to Washington, but too often his visit to the nation's capital is spoiled by the language barrier. The following phrase booklet, tucked into a convenient pocket, should enable him to understand and make himself understood by the natives, at least on matters basic to life in Washington. Yes. - At this time, barring unforseeabJe contingencies which, of course, are always well witliin the realm of possibility, the policy in that respect would tend toward the affirmative. No. - I shall appoint a committee to study t h e matter you raise. Hello. - Are you bugged. or is it safe to talk? Goodbye. - Let's have lunch sometime. How Much Is That?-How many billions? Are You Enjoying Your Visit?-Have you been beaten or robbed much? Where Is A Good Restaurant? - Are you authorized to advise me as to the location of an institution at which it is feasible to Western Front Baker participate in the alimentary input process without incurring an unacceptable degree of risk of ptomaine? I Would Like To See My Congressman.-If advised that one of his constituents were here to speak to him, is it conceivable that the congressman would even momentarily abandon his low-profile policy? Please. - This is a matter of the utmost importance to the national security. What Do You Mean You Can't Honor My Reservations? - I happen to be a personal friend of J. Edgar Hoover. I Am Lost: Can You Help Me?-Yes, my friend. I say to you here in this public street tins afternoon that the Russians are tlireat-ening to move ahead of us in the race to get tourists, back to their hotels expeditiously, and this makes it imperative that we spare no expense in time, labor, inconvenience or even money to move our fellow citizens to places at which they will be able to recognize their bearings. And so, I am asking you, my fellow American, to speak up against communism by directing me to my hotel. Thank Yon. - I won't forget this when the F.B.I: runs the next security check on you and comes asking me about your drinking habits. The Trains of Yesteryear APril 22 Leilin Birthday it tries oil The annual report of Santa Fe Industries arrived a few days after Chicago-bound travelers rediscovered the railroad still had some passenger trains. This coincidence is interesting, but I draw no conclusions from ... Merely another twinge of nostalgia, which is coming over me more and more often these days. Santa Fe Industries had a 34 percent increase in its net, or $2.43 per share compared with $1.81 per share in 1968. Transportation o]5erating income was 38 percent better than the previous year. Of course, 40 percent of Santa Fe Indus-earnings is non-railway, things like . and lumber and real estate. Still, it's nice to know the railroad is doing so well, and I'm happy for it. ? ? * WHAT HAPPENED to those Chicago travelers is that O'Hare Field was snowed in, and there was some question about air traffic control. So more than 300 of them trooped down to Kansas City's Union Station, and found four (4!) Santa Fe passenger trains willing to take them to x Chicago. Even eager. The railroad put on some extraj cars to handle the crush. That would be the Super! Chief-El Capitan, the San Francisco Chief, the Texas Chief, and what once was proudly called . the Grand Canyon Limited. ? * * AND THOSE are the names for nostalgia. �� They carry us all the way back to the Reading Railroad's "Crusader," one of the flr&'rtreamlii&rs in,the East. Father took me on it for a holiday, and I never forgot. Cw,mus4,r|member, too, the Yankee Clipper' d^irig 'from New, York to Boston, the 0wip^^Miiran\ VflevirTork .^.Washington! TJ^J^efliaior between, Boston and Wash- s.a. Those were the days, a traveler recalls, when railroads were as interested in hauling passengers as in hauling tinned goods. ? ? ? THE NAMES continue to haunt. The Crescent, making a graceful curve from New York to Atlanta to New Orleans. Three days, I think it was, three days of nothing but food and sleep and books. At New Orleans, you could get on the Sunset Limited to Los Angeles, or if you. were reJly in search of first class, you traveled the Panama Limited up the Mississippi valley to Chicago. Out here, we knew all about the Santa Fe's Chiefs and the Rock Island's Golden State Limited. Some of us had a chance, too, to go west on the Burlington's gleaming Zephvrs; the most fabulous of these, the California Zephyr, died a whimpering death two weeks ago. The Comhusker was another out of Chicago for the west, and it competed with the Hiawathas. When one reached California, he could look forward to the Larks commuting between L.A. and San Francisco, or the Cascade north to Portland, or the streaking Daylights. ? ? ? FINALLY, there was the Twentieth Century Limited between New York and Chicago, a show-biz train of unparalleled luxury which was the star of its own Broadway play and movie. It's gone. And now the Perm Central has asked the ICC to cancel all through train service from New York to Chicago and St. Louis. This would include the Broadway Limited, the only remaining first-class, sleeping car train between New York and Chicago. One must bow to the inevitable, no matter how one hates highway travel or lacks confidence in air service, Only the names will linger, in memory. The joy and wonder of those gleaming trains now are lost to us, and it's a sad thought for America. A week or 10 days ago I wrote a letter to the Public Forum of the Wichita Eagle-Beacon in which I called the people's attention to the date April 22. This is the day on which the USSR will celebrate the 100th birthday of their hero Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and they have labeled this day "Earth Day." In that letter I predicted that our radical left wing groups would join their Russian sponsors and take to the streets on "Earth Day" also thus labeling themselves for what they are for all to see. I can think of no better proof that these left wingers are supported and led by the CPUSA (Communist Party USA) than what is going to happen this April 22. I notice, the News story leaves a lot unsaid. Why doesn't The News say that it is Lenin's birthday and that this a worldwide Communist celebration? Could it. be that their left wing skirts are showing? Howard K. Smith said that the news media is almost 100 per cent liberal and I can surely believe that. I am a little surprised that these radical groups would take the name "Earth Day" for it puts the label right on them. When I first read about their plans I understood they were going to call their "Earth Day" something like "Environmental Action Mobilization." You see Nixon took the wind out of their war demonstrations so now they are going to the streets against pollution. I am against pollution too but I am not going to the streets and if I did it most certainly wouldn't be on a Russian celebration day. Now I will start bracing myself for mail labeling me a Bircher, Right Winger, Extremist, or a reactionary Republican. It's happened before. For your information I am just an average patriotic American, which isn't very popular right now, but I am proud to be one. - MARSHALL STEELE, Halstead. Western Front Letters The Western Front welcomes letters from readers. Your name and address must ba given on th� letter. We reserve the right to shorten letters. No poetry, please. No letter can bo printed unless th� editor knows who wrote It. Looking Backward Ten Years Ago in I960 Reno County officials were asking higher pay. The Chamber of Commerce purchased 70 acres northeast of Hutchinson for industrial development on a 10 year plan. City commissioners ordered dogs confined to home yards from now until Nov. 1. Twenty-five Years Ago in 1945 Gen. Eisenhower called for the surrender of individual German soldiers. The News ran a page 1 April Fool picture of nylons being on sale at $1.95 and cigarets not limited. A firebug was suspected in grass fires northeast of town. Fifty Years Ago in 1920 Drifting sand from the winds of the last week filled a Santa Fe cut between Hal-stead and Sand Creek. The Chamber of Commerce was celebrating its first anniversary after converting from the Commercial Club operations. Is Man Bringing On His Own Downfall? By TOM WICKER (C) 1970 N. Y. Times News Service HAMLET, N.C. - At the familiar old First Methodist Church, the Easter service and the pounding hymns reached back hauntingly toward childhood: Lives again our glorious King, Where, O death, is now thy sting? Raise your joys and triumphs high, Where's thy victory, boasting grave? Alleluia! Easter is, of course, the anniversary of Christ's rising; yet, on this spring day, the most interesting note in the service conducted with pleasing Southern sonority by the Rev. J. Kern Ormond was its almost literal insistence that "made like Him, like Him we rise." To one visitor returning from the world beyond the small towns and the old redbrick churches, this emphasis on the life everlasting seemed archaic and unreal; but was it, rather, that In a technological era the diminution of the old faith, the sophisticated modern disinclination to accept the risen Christ, had left man bereft of hope and created an age of fear and despair? Hardly, because both philosophical and religious doubt, even derision, of the Christian faith was not new or unique in the late 20th century. Thomas Wolfe - of whom a visit to North Carolina is likely to remind a native - had written 30 years before, in far different times: Opposite View "It seemed to him that all man's life was like a tiny spurt of flame that blazed out briefly in an illimitable and terrifying darkness, and that all man's grandeur, tragic dignity, his heroic glory, came from the brevity and smallness of this flame. He knew his life was little and would be ex- Wicker tinguished, and that only darkness was immense and everlasting. And he knew that he would die with defiance on his lips, and that the shout of his denial would ring with the last pulsing of his heart into the maw of aU-enguifing night." This dark view of life could only seem the opposite of the hope and promise of the Easter service, as the congregation swung into the final hymn (No. 455, "Crown Him with Many Crowns"). But later, a remembered phrase from the Reverend Ormond's sermon -< "The Living are those who have found such a compelling purpose that death can't stop it"- raised the question whether there was not a clue to the age both in Wolf's sense of the "heroic glory" of doomed men and the Easter service's celebration of resurrection and life. Faith and a "compelling purpose" or "all-engulfing night" and a shout of defiance - however different philosophically, each gave size and stature to the weakness of man, each offered him a bearable place in the terror and beauty of a great unknown scheme of things. Encouraged by Knowledge But, pillaging his earth and racking his brain, his predatory nature loosed rather than checked by knowledge, man may have managed at last to disorder his world; and with all the blind and impersonal forces of nature and chance, against which he had pitted either faith in salvation or courage in the night, he now had to array his own environmental depredations, his own biological excesses, his own dubious delvings into the explosive matter of the universe. Maybe that Is why so many men seem to be losing faith in Easter morning, and so many others seem to despair even of shouting defiance. If man himself is bringing on the darkness, nothing can lighten it, and nothing give him gloiy. Significance of Sen. Fulbright Racial Attitude Gradually Changing in Government Lewis the right to By ANTHONY LEWIS (C) 1970 N. Y. Times News Service LONDON-Americans long absent abroad are sometimes struck, on returning, by a feeling that the racial situation in their country is not quite so unrelievediy grim as the reports suggest. The gulf of misunderstanding between white and black has' undoubtedly grown in recent years - the suspicion, the anger, the violence. But so also has has white consciousness of the cruelty done to Negroes over many years, and will-i ingness to take at least f some steps toward repairing the hurt. In the middle-class world] there is an acceptance of] black people and black, values that would have been | inconceivable a decade ago. And in the South the flag-1 rant, brutal denials of basic legal rights that were common coin a few years ago vote, for example - are no longer tolerated. An event that sharply symbolized the change was Sen. J. W. Fulbright's announcement that he would vote to recommit the nomination of Judge G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court. From a distance, at least, the position of William Fulbright has an aura of history to it. Further Exploration Among other things, the senator said there should be further exploration of changes that Judge Carswell, while a federal district judge in Flordia, was rude and biased in his treatment of civial rights lawyers. And just two weeks ago Fulbright voted for extension of the voting rights act that has added large numbers of Negroes to the voting rolls in the South. Now Fulbright is well known as cultivated and intellectual chap, and he is a liberal hero on Vietnam, but he has not hitherto been a hero on racial matters. Whatever his private views, he has been very much a realist about what a senator from Arkansas has to do to get re-elected. One of the stranger sights of old-time "That's how progress works. One step forward, and two backward." Senate filibusters against civil rights legislation used to be Fulbright joining In the endless talk. When the Supremo Court, had before it in 1958 the Little Rock School Board's plea that school integration be cancelled to avert further violence, Fulbright submitted on his own a brief saying that it would be better to leave the problem "to the slow conversion of the human heart than to remedies of a more urgent nature." Change in Voters The fact that he feels free in 1970 to sup-, port voting legislation and criticize rude treatment of civil rights lawyers must mean Uiat Fulbright thinks those views will be approved in Arkansas, or at any rate will not offend too many voters. He is a shrewd politician. That is progress. Arkansas is not Missis-sipppi, but it was not so long ago that white mobs in Arkansas tried to kill nine little Negro children who were entering a white school. President NLxon's message on school segregation, if considered historically, also marked a change in official attitudes. For Richard Nixon was vice president under a president who repeatedly declined to take any position on the Supreme Court's 1954 decision against segregation. Now Nixon, whatever the merits or shortcomings of his enforcement approach, said flatly that the 1954 decision "was right in both constitutional and human terms." He even phrased a rationale for the 1954 ruling more persuasive than the Court's opinion: "Separation by law establishes schools that are hiherently unequal, and a promise of equality before the law cannot be squared with the use of the law to establish two classes of people, one black and one white." Pecking Order (Special to The News) WASHINGTON-Just as observers carefully watch how Soviet leaders line up in the reviewing stand each May Day for clues to the power alignment in the Kremlin, the Congressional Directory has always been a guide to who's "in" with the President. The latest edition, therefore, caused a stir in the backrooms. President Nixon's pied piper, Pat Moynihan, was moved up from seventh to second place in the pecking order. More than a dozen White House aides were dropped out of the Congressional Directory entirely. Among them were Harry Dent, the President's Southern strategist; Pat Buchanan, the speech writer who prepared Vice President Agnew's attack upon the TV networks; Clark Mollenhoff, the President's trouble-shooter; and Harry Flem-ming, the White House patronage czar. The new listing was prepared by press secretary Ron Ziegler under the supervision of Bob Haldeman and John Ehrlich-man, the two Prussian nobs who run the White House staff. A spokesman insisted to this column, however, that there was no special significance to the Congressional Directory changes. ;