The year 1942 brings with it many crucial and important events. Not only did it experience all of the hardships brought on by World War II, but it also saw many other extraordinary things, such as the reorganization of the United States Army into three commands, Adolf Hitler being declared the Supreme Judge of the German people, the first African-American seamen in the United States Navy, the establishment of WAVES, Adolf Hitler declaring Commando Order on the Allies, and so much more! Each title is available individually, and all are searchable via an interface that allows users to easily view, search, zoom, print and save digital page images.
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For Year 1942
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January 1, 1942
An agreement is made between the United States, China, the United Kingdom, and the USSR in which they all agree not to make peace with the Axis powers separately.
February 8, 1942
The first formal meeting is held by the head military leaders in the United States to discuss their strategy and participation in the war.
February 20, 1942
The first ever "flying ace" was U.S. Navy Lieutenant Edward O'Hare.
February 26, 1942
Los Angeles holds the 14th Annual Academy Awards, with Best Picture being won by How Green Was My Valley.
March 9, 1942
The United States Army is reorganized into three different commands by the executive order 9082; the different commands being the Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, and Army Service Forces .
March 17, 1942
The Belzec extermination camp, where around 435,000 people will be killed by the end of the year, opens in Poland.
March 28, 1942
Saint-Nazaire gets raided by the British with the intention of putting an end to it's dockyard facilities.
April 13, 1942
During the war, the minimum TV station program time requirement is reduced from 15 a week to 4 hours a week by the United States Federal Communications Commission.
April 23, 1942
As retribution for the bombing of Lübeck by the British, the historic city of Exeter, England is bombed in what is known as the Baedeker Blitz.
April 26, 1942
Adolf Hitler is declared the "Supreme Judge of the German People" after the dissolution of the Reichstag, the giving him power of each German citizen in terms of life and death.
April 27, 1942
The Netherlands and Belgium follow suit with all other Nazi-controlled countries in establishing the requirement for all Jews to wear the Star of David.
May 20, 1942
United States Navy accepts their first African-American seamen.
June 1, 1942
War is declared on Germany, Italy and Japan by Mexico.
June 5, 1942
War on Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania is declared by the United States.
June 13, 1942
A propaganda center is opened in the United States as the Office of War Information.
July 30, 1942
Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service is established as an all female sector of the United States Navy.
August 8, 1942
The animated film Bambi created by Walt Disney is released in the United Kingdom, followed by its release in the United States on August 13th.
August 22, 1942
War on Germany and Italy is declared by Brazil.
September 10, 1942
Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron is established, employing female pilots to fly military aircrafts.
October 18, 1942
In retaliation to the Allies, Commando Order is issued by Adolf Hitler designating German forces to execute all Allied commandos they come in contact with.
November 26, 1942
New York City's Hollywood Theater holds the first release of the film Casablanca.
December 1, 1942
The United States starts rationing gasoline.