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  • Publication Name: Grub Street Journal
  • Location: London, Middlesex
  • Pages Available: 1,663
  • Years Available: 1730 - 1733
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Grub-Street Journal (Newspaper) - February 26, 1730, London, Middlesex Numb. VIII. The Grub-ftreet Journal. Cfiursftap, FEB RU A RT, 16. i-730. Qtfanto reElius hie, qui nil molitur inepte ? Hon To Mr. B a v 1 u s, Secretary to the Grubjean Society. Learned Sir, HO' the DbTertations, at the beginning of your Journal, have been hitherto almoft wholly confined to Poetry ; .1 fuppofe you do not intend to exclude the graver Sciences. It is on this fuppofition, that I take the liberty to lay before you my thoughts on the method of writing Cafes in Phyficjc and Surgery. The Rules I lay down are drawn from the Examples of our prefent Writers on thofe Subjecl:s,>moft cf whom are Members of your illuftrious Society. The antient Phyficians were remarkable for their continual averfion to Grubbifm; and Hippocrates, if we compare him with the Moderns, was far from deferving the character of divine, which many have idly bellowed on him. It raifes my indignation, I confefs, when I fee the Cafes, which that Author has related, ib univerfally applauded: whereas they are conveyed in fo cold, fo un-afFe&ing, fo unadorned a manner, that, however they 'may inftruft, lam Aire they can never entertain a Reader. The prefent Writers fcem very ferifible of this; for They generally take great care to provide for the diverfion of their Readers. � Hippocrates, in the beginning of his  cafes tells us, that Mr. Such-an-one, or Mr. Such-an-one's Wife or Child, was ill in fuch and fuch a manner. But a modern Author, inftead of fuch low phrafe, elevates the fubjecT, by giving the titles of the Patient or his Family ; and an account of the -great offices they bore in the Commonwealth- Thus I have feen a Cafe begin ; Nobilijfimus Infans, Fi/ius natu maximus illuftrijfimi Marchionis {viri muniorum omnium in Republica maxi-morum fumme capacis; quern nulla rerum humanarum vicijfitudines ab integritate fingulari unquam tranfve.r-fum egerunt; ac denique higenii celeritate quadam in-credibili donati) Sec. Now Hippocrates would only have faid, a Child of fourteen months old was troubled ^svitb the Chin-cough ; and then have told us what methods he ufed for his recovery. This way of writing, " which I beg leave to call the Meieorous, may be farther improved by theufe of fwelling Epithets. Thus a Loofe-nels may be called ingens alvi profiuvium ; a pain in die head, dolor capitis iniolerabilis ; and a reitlefs night may be exprefTcd by noEicm egit ab omne quiete alienam, dif vehementer adtnodum delirabat. The next kind of ftyle, which I mall recommend, is ..the digreffive- This agreeably amufes us, and calls us off from the uneafy attention, in which the relation of a melancholy cafe is apt to engage us. The Gentleman who excels moil in this way is the learned Dr. Daniel  Turner, whom I look upon as one of the greateft ornaments of your Society. This learned Gentleman has given us the greateft Maftcr-piece in this way I ever faw, in his art of Surgery. It is in the Cafe of an a?i-tient man coding out of EJfex, under jome Jeeming dif-evntent of mind, who took up his lodging at the Dolphin without Bifkopfgate- This Cafe extending to full 7 pages of an octavo volume, I mult deny my felt the pleafurS of tnmlcribing it at length, left I fkeuld take np too much rccm in your paper, if you think fit to give this diCertation a place in it. Having told us very particularly the manner of the old man's cutting his. throat, he udds, he laid afide his razor, leaning bimjelf over the fide of the bed, thai the blood might fall down upon the floor- In this Pofiure, before be teas quite exheujiedy he gave federal firong groans; which- being over-heard by a fir anger', waking out of bis flleep, in another bed, though the fame room, gave an alarm to the faid per/on, who calling out, but bearing no anfwer, leaped out -of bed, and crying aloud at the window for the Chamberlain, a candle was brought in, and the poor old man found fpeechlefs, as under the agonies of death ; however, finding by his fighing that he was fiill alive, they came prefently for my ajfifiance, who, under/landing what bad happened, bafiened to him with fuch. neceffaries as I thought I might have occafion for; and coming to the bed-fide, found a fiream of blood running thence to the farther end of the Chamber- Then acquainting us with the manner of his ftitching up the wound, he proceeds : While this was doing, he fetched, as we fay, feveral figbs ; and having cleaned him, and put him on a frejh Jhirt, we attempted to get down two or three fpoon-fuls of wine, but could not, at ledfi^ as I perceived-I then called to bimXand defired, if h% could not fpeak, that he would make fome fign by lifting up his hand to mine; at which betfiared like one amazed, but could do neither. Wherefore it was thought neceffary to Je-cure his Chamber fellow, who freely jurrendered him-felf, without offering an efcape, but readily aj-fifiing us all the time, there being ?ione but thefe two in the room, and not certain but that the old man-had been,ajfajjinated, nothing being found in his pockets more than would pay for a night's lodging, although his habit was very decent, but plain, like that of a country yeoman of the inferior rank. It was truly my opinion, that the cafe was Suicide, the other poor man tailing out for help, in/lead of making his efcape, which he never attempted; but how innocent foever, he was committed to the Compter in the morning- Having left orders with the Chamberlain for bis farther management, till a Nurfe could be provided, I went home in great concern for the poor Traveller, who was like to be fent to Newgate, yet upon fearch bad only two Jhil-lings with fome farthings found upon him ; but in few hours after, was earnefily intreated to go back, for they had heard him fpeak- Being well pleajed at the News, for the fatisfaclion of my ozvn mind, 1bafiened to him again, and calling aloud {for I underfiood by the people of the Inn, that he J'eemed to them a little deaf over night) asked him how the accident came, and whether he had not cut his throat, or Jome body elfe ? He anfwer ed very low and faintly, it was the Devil had done it- I then ordered the fervants to come clofe to the bed-fide, when I again put the quefiion, that if the Devil had done it, whether the Razor was not his, and held in his own. hand when the wound was made ? He replied, yes. I then defired be would tell us, if the firanger, who lay in, the bedjufi by him, bad any hand in the aftion, becaufe he was brought into trouble on this occafion, and might be hang'dfor him : Upon which be anfwered witfe great concern, as loud as he could, No, no, no- Whereupon, drawing up a fmall writing, in the form of an Affidavit, for each witnefs to fign, together with one I made my felf before the Magifirate, I went the fame day, and procured the -poor fellozo's re-leafe ; but this as foreign {for you will, I ~hope, pardon me) paffing by. Then our Author returns again to the cafe, and with the help of leveral minute cir-cumitances, and proper remarks, in about four pages concludes. Now had Hippocrates been to relate this cafe, we had never been entertained with the Epifode of the Chamber-fellow's being lent to the Compter ; the many uieful" remarks and cautions of the Doctor, nor twenty little circumltances, which render fo melancholy a Hiftory more diverting, than could have been imagined. But this is not the only excellence of this Author. His Politenels in the relation of fome cafes is no lels to be admired. Thus in a Cafe of a Lady who had hurt her Crupper Bone, he fpeaks in thcfollowing manner ; -Going more narrowly to view the Appendage of the Sacrum, and lay my fingers thereon, I found it de-preffed or heat in, bearing hard againft the Rectum: wherefore, dipping my fore-finger in oil, I gently introduced it by the Anus, where I prefent ly met the ob- fiacle, and with the fame prejfing outwards, and at* tempting to raife up the broken Coccyx, as I found it gave way, Ifiill bore harder, till I had freed the Intefiine from its preffure, when, withdrawing my finger, there followed a copious dejeclion cf the Fceces, together -with Jome parts of tbe^Clyfteis thrown up the day before. But even this is exceeded by the Cafe of a Cancer on the out-fide of the Anus} That which I thought remarkable in this Cafe, was a large Quantity of a brown or dusk* ijh Salt, like Sand, which, upon wiping bimfelf after bis fiool, be had long time before obferved felt very �gritty, and of which having for that purpofe wafkei the excrement of one fiool in feveral waters, this faltifh fa/id jubfiding to the bottom of the Bafon, he had col* lecled near upon two Drachms } which examining upon my tongue, I found by the hot, pungent, and bitter fait, there was more of a fait than fabulous nature. The Marvellous is a kind of ftyle greatly to be c-fteemed for its ufe in creating our furprize, as well as in giving us inltruction. The ingenious Dr. Nicholas Ro-binion has an excellent talent at this. He tells us'of a young Gentleman, who was naturally very filly : but * it fo fell out, as he was one night returning from a ball, that a young Gentleman tript up his heels, and gave him fuch a bang upon the skull, as fibov d his Brain right, and recovered fome glimmerings of Wit and Genius to him, that was born but one degree from a Natural. When I read this, I cannot help being under the greateft uneafmefs, left our- Author mould happen to have his heels tript up, which might Jhope his brain wrong, and fpoil fo towVing a Genius. I could wifh the Doctor would oblige us with a Treatife ex-preffly on thefe Jboves cf the Brain, as a learned Divine of your Society did formerly on Jboves of the Crupper. He feems to be exceedingly well skill'd in the Rationale of them; if we may judge by his reafoning on the Cafe jiow before us. -f- This Shock or Fall gave him fome Glimmerings of that light, which, according to the original confiitutipn of his organs, he could never naturally enjoy in this meridian of his being; and if the Blow had been a little fironger, and ftruck the feat of the common SenJ'orium a little more, askew, or parallel to the Axis cf the Jeveral organs Uf the Jenfes, who can doubt, but that his reafoning Faculties would have fhone out in their fullefi Ltifire ? But then the fine De-,' portment of his Carriage, the graceful Mein of bis Per-fon, and former obliging Air, in all likelihood, would have been greatly difco?icerted, and fuffered in the Change- No lels marvellous is another ftory, relate'd by the fame Author, J of a Madman; who, in one of bij frantick Fits, flung bimfelf' out of a window, three flory high, but accidentally pitching upon a Draw-ioell, he "fell plum dd:vu into the water, and being taken up> was perfeclly recovered to the tfe of his j'e/fes again. It zoas computed, he fell near thirty Fathom before be came to the furface of the water, and the well was �iwt 6 Fathom deep under Water- Sure nothing^ be more fin-prizing1 than this, if we confidsr either length or the manner of the Fall. We may ?liowj Feet from the Window to the Mcuth of the" V Then there will remain about ^o.Fee't for him t It in c>r � nu. j. Vop Mi,' 70. ;