General Advertiser (Newspaper) - May 7, 1846, London, Middlesex
The General Advertifer. Nvms. 359;. WEDNESDAY, May?, 1746. Deal, May 4. gRRIVED Yefterday after Poll his - Majefty's Sloop Otter* with a Da-nifh Ship as Prize ; and remain with the three Dutch Ships for India ; and the America, Noble, for New-England. Wind S.E. The Casfar, Tarnell* from Lon- _-- don* is arrived at Jamaica. The Sally, Gale, from Maryland, is arrived at White-iaven. LONDON. Notwithftandihg there have been many Accounts already ptiblifhed of the Defeat of the Rebels by the King's fojces; yet, as the two following Genuine tetters are from an Officer of Diftin&ion in the Duke's Army (who was prefent at the Battle) and give a clear and fnccinft Account of that whole Affair, from his Royal Highnefs's March 01ft of Aberdeen, to his taking Poffeffion of Invernefs, we now incert them for the farther Information and Entertain-meflt of our Readers. Tirvtrntfs, April 18* 1746. � Laft Tuefday was fe'nnightthe 8th Inftant, his Royal Highnefs the Duke march'd his Army from Aberdeen, by Way of Old Meldrum and Bamff; and the Friday following, the Treops under the Command of Lord Albemarle and General Bland march'd from Strathbogie, by Way of Keith, and that Evening both Armies join'd and encamped at Cullen; only the Cavalry (which confined of Jtingfton's Horfe and Cobham's and Mark Kerr's Qragoons) with about Five hundred of the Campbell Highlanders, were quartered in a Village contiguous to the Camp. Next Morning early the whole proceeded to Fochabers upon the Spey, where we expected to have met with a warm Reception and ftrong Oppofitian, from the Rebels difputing our Paffage over that River ; and it is aftonifhing they did not make a Stand there, if they ever intended fuch a Thing, for it is prodigioufly ftrong' by Nature ; but, inftead of that, when we approach'd the Banks, we faw an advane'd Party of theirs of about 1000 Foot march away, feemingly in a great Hurry and Confufion ; and fome of their Huffars (as they term themfelves) kept upon the oppofite Side, firing upon us feveral Random Shots, without doing any Execution : This was to retard our Paffage and cover the Retreat of their Foot. When all our Army was come up, which had marched in four Columns, the Foot immediately begun to pafs the Lower Fordj the Highlanders and King* fton's Horfe before them ; then Mark Kerr's and Cob-ham's Dragoons pafs*d the Upper Ford,Cobham's leading. Upon our entering the Water, the Rpbek immediately galloped off, and we crofs'd this dangerous Place without any other Lofs, than one Man of Cobham's Dragoons, who was drown'd. The Foot, the Raw Horfes, the Carriages and Artillery, were fo long in paffing, that they were forced to encamp that Night dole upon the Banks, and the Cavalry repafjfed the Spey, and encamped that Night at Fochabers. Next Morning being Sunday, the Cavalry crofted the Spey again, and joined the Foot, the whole marching as before in four Columns towards Elgin, and encamped that Night two Miles beyond it. The Morning after we marched to Forres, and fb oa to Nairn; bet before we came within three Miles of that Place, we were informed, that a large Body of the Rebate were marching in great Hafte two Miles a-head of us; upon which the Cavalry had Orders to advance and purfue, which they did for fome Hours, but could not come up with them, only overtaking four or five, who lagg'd behind in this precipitate Retreat, and were carried Prifoness to the Army. ' This Evening we encamped agajn clofe by the Town of Nairn; on Tuefday we halted, and next Morning (after fome few Hours Sleep) about two o'CIock we rofe, in Hopes to give the fiwfhihg. Stroke to this Affair. At five the whole Army march'd as before, all proper Di� pofitions being made for the Attack; die whole Army advane'd in high Spirits to give Battle to the Rebels, whom we founddrawn up in one Line, in order to receive us, upon Culloden Moor, two Miles Soutb-Eaft of Inverness, and much at the fame Diftance from the Houfe of the Lord Prefident Forbes; . ' We inliantly formed our Army in two Lines, our Dragoons in Squadrons covering the Right and Left Wings, and Kingfton's Horfe m the Rear as a Corps dn Referve; and in this Manner we advane'd ilowly to begin the Attack, our Artillery moving on before, oppofite to the Center. One of the Squadron* on the Left Wjtfg was headed by the Generals Hawley and Bland, and as they approached the Right Wing of the Rebels, were, for fome Moments ftopp*d by two large Stone Walls they found in their Way; bat this Obftru&ion was foon removed, by fome of our Highlanders tumbling them down, and as well as wc could we fcrambled over them. We had fome of the fame Difficulties to ftruggle with this Day as we had at Falkirk, for the whole Day. was exceffively difagreeable, it blowing, haiEng, raining or fnowing all the Time; and the,- Moor was deep and rotten, which made it very bad.for the. Horfe to aft upon ; but, in return, the Wind was full North-Eaft, in our Backs, and the Faces of the Rebels, who being very fenfible of our advantageous Situation,- were always extending their Line to get to Windward of us ; but we being unwilling to part with it, t^bli the Precaution to-prevent their Intentions, by extending our Lines as faff as we advanced, by which means,weInttflatflank'd them on the Right of their Line. � � � � ' They firft began the Attack with a Salute of their whole Battery of Cannon, we ftillcontinued advancing ; at laft, our Artillery began to play, and in this manner, for fome Time, both Armies were cannonaded; at lalt, their whole Line fired upon our Foot, but in a very irregular and unmilitary Way, and, at the fame Time, gave feveral loud Huzzas in a wild and hideous Manner: At this Inftant the Engagement became general. Our Foot behaved like Angels, and threw in their Platoons very thick upon the Rebels; whilft our Artillery at the fame Time, poor'd in whole Vollies of Cartridge Shot a-mongft their main Body: This they could not very long withftand, es hardly one Difcharge in Teh of their great Guns ever took Place. Our Cavalry by this Time, had got clofe upon the Flank of their Right Line ; and was advancing gently on the Rear of it, to wait the Opportunity of their breaking; which they pereceiving, at laft, broke and ran as faff as they could, to prevent our furroundmg them: This was what we wanted, and did not flip the Occafion, the Cavalry galloping directly af-' ter them. Soon after their Centre gave Way, and then their Left Wing, and, at l�ngth, their Flight became general. We purfued them for feveral Hours, making great Havock of them all the Time, and, I believe, Cobham's Dragoons alone cut down, at Ieaft, Five hundred of them. The Battle began betwixt one and two O'CIock, and we came into Invernefs about feven in the Evening. ' It is computed, that they have loft betwixt two and three thoufand, and twelve hundred are taken Prisoners. Lochiei's Clan, the Camerons, who were their beft Men, are aH cut in Pieces. The Pretender's Son was in the Rear, oppofite to the Centre of their Line, attended by his Lords ano} Horfe-Guards; but on their Right Wing firft giving Way, he fcour'd of� no Body knows where. Lord KHmaraoch and feveral other Officers, with all the French here have furrendered; and Yefterday a whole Troop of Fitz-James's Horfe, with all their Officers, mounted and armed, came into this Town and did the fame: It is believed all the reft will follow their Example. Every Hour fome are furren-dering or brought in Prifoners. Our Lpfs is very incoa-fiderable, as to the Numbers of cither Officers or private Men, as you will find, when the Government pub-lifhes the Lifts of killed and wounded. 4 It is believed, that the Army of the Rebels confifted of Ten thoufand Men, the Duke's but of Eight, including the Cavalry, and Five hundred Highlanders; his Royal Highnefs having left Detachments behind to fecure all the Pafles, and all the Heffians were at Perth. His Royal Highnefs the Duke was every where during the A&ioo, giving his Orders with all the Coldnefs of Thought and Serenity of Mind, that was poffible to be fhewn, and, at the fame Time, with the greateft Intrepidity and Refolution, His Prefencealone was fufficient to animate the r&pft drooping, languid Spirits, and hi-fpire. the Coward with the Bravery f� a Heroe. He is juftly the Darling of the Army, and beloved, by every Body: And, in my Opinion, will be the greateft General any Age has produced, and his Name may one Day be as terrible to the Enemies of Great-Britain, as was that of the Black Prince. P.S. We have token all their ArtiUeryi Baggage, Am-' munition, and many Pair of Colours. laverfte/s, April 2*, 1746. * I gave you an Account from hence of our Succefs againft the Rebels on Culloden Moor laft Wednefday : Some farther Particulars have occur'd fince that, which are proper to be communicated to you. ' Laft Saturday another Troop of Fitz-James's Horfe, with all their Officers, and fevennr French Foot, fur-rendered themfelves here. Monk Boyer the French Ambaflador to the Pretender's Son: and all his Retinue are now Prifoners at this Place, Yefterday I faw the Earl of Crernarty and his Son, and one of their Colonels* march under a ftrong Guard to their Place of Confinement. 4 It is faid, their pretended Prince is much wounded, but I doubt it, for I am informed he was not in the Action, fo as to be in any Danger, but kept at a great Distance in the Rear oppofite to the Centre of their Line ; and went off with his principal People and Guards, foan after the Battle began. It is afferted, that Lochiel has both his Legs broke, and all his Clans quite deftroyed. For feveral Days after the Battle, the Rebels were found dead upon the Road, for fix or feven Miles together : They run as long as they could, and when their Blood and Spirits were exhaufted, they dropp'd down dead. ' It is computed we have not loft, in �ur whole Army, a-bove Fifty Men: Never was fo general a Defeat more cheaply purchafed. � Two private,Men of Cobham's Dragoons took two Pair of the Rebels Colours, to each of which the Ddke gave next Day fixteen Guineas, and the whole Regiment had his Royal Highnefs's Thanks. *� The Rebels own, they have loft about Four thoufand Men ; and there has been already brought into this Town near Three thoufand Arms. They were fo fure of Victory the Night before the Action, that it was given out in Orders, that upon Pain of Death, no Man mould plunder till the Parfuit was over; but Thanks to Providence, they were difappointed in their Expectations, notwithstanding it blew, rain'd, hail'd and fnow'd the whole Time of the Battle ; which were great Difficulties for us to ftruggle with, but none to thofe who are inur'd to thera. Tnefe Villains have entirely deftroyed the (~?sft4e here, which coft the Government a considerable Sum of Money. They have done the fame by Fort-Auguftus, &c ' All the Prifoners they made and confined here, were immediately releafed by the Duke's Order, which was agreeable News to thofe poor Creatures. Laft Saturday ten Deferters into the Rebels Service from us, were hang'd upon this Town Gallows. Our Army at prefent lies en-camp'dnear this Place. I hope the fame Diviae Affif-tance, who has put a Period, at the prefent, to all their, damnable Schemes will, for the future, put it out of their Power to meditate the like again : Tno' it is re-portedi that they are affembling very faft again at Fort-Aujuftus, but I have not Faith enough to credrtit; for-befides having loft all their Artillery, Ammunition, &c. and fo many Men, all the Low-landers that efcaped the Slaughter, are retir'd to their own Homes. * I hear all the principal Prifoners are to be fent by Sea to London in a few Days. One Lord Lewis Drum-mend, a Relation of the. Dukg of Perth's, and Son to the late Earl of Milfdrd, but born in France, is likewife made a Prjfoner. This Moment .Seventy-five of Lord John Drummond's Regiment, furrendered tLemfelves to two of Cobham's Dragoons, that were forraging in the Country, who brought them in Prifoners to the Duke> his Royal Highnefs looking at them out of his Window; I never law fuch poor looking, ftarv'd Wretches in my Life. You may guefs at their deplorable Condition^ when they furrendered to two unarm'd Dragoons. ' P.S. Yefterday we hang'd four more Deferters who ' had enhftedwkh the Rebels. JFrom tie London Gazette. Whitehall, May 6. Yefterday a Meflenger arrived from .his Royal Highnefs the Duke of Cumberland, with the following Advices. Irevernefs, 4pril 30. Lieutenant Colonel Leighton, of Major General Blakeney's Regiment* is ordered to take the Command of the Caftle of Stirling ; and Major General Blakeney is to come hither, to take that of the' Troops which will be left here. Lord Ancram is marched To-day? with Lord Mark Kerr's Regiment, for the Eaftern Coaft. His Royal Highnefs the Duke has iffued a Proclamation, for feizing ail Rebels, and their Arms. The greateft Diligence is ufing to get a fufficient Num^ ber of Boats upon Loch Nefs, and as foon as that is done* his Royal Highnefs propofes to march with Fifteen Battalions, and Kingfton's Horfe, to Fort Auguftus, in two Marches; and Lord Loudon, with the Argylefhire Militia, and the Independent Companies, will march through the Hills on the Right and the Left, in Purfuit of the Rebels. * � . Lord Rea's People are fent back to their own Country* and Lord Sutherland's return Home To-day: The Pretender's Son, Lard Perth, and the Perfon calling himfelf Lord John Drummohd, are moving about in the Cameron's Country, with young Lochiel, -who was wounded again in the laft Battle, and have not above zo ox 30 Men with them. Edinburgh, April 30. By Letters from Invernefs of theV 25th, hi Royal Highnefs the Duke of Cumberland continued there, and the Lord Prefident of the Seffion arrived that Day. The Number of Prifoners increafes at Invernefs. The Prifons at Aberdeen, Montrofe, and Stirling are filled, and Prifoners are continually brought into Perth* Dumferling, Dundee; Irwine, and Dumfreis. By Exprefs from Dumbarton we have an Account, that the Marquis of Tallibardine, and an Italian, who calls himfelf Mitchell, and fays he has been thirty Years in the Service of the Pretender, having furrendred themfelves to Mr. Bil* channan of Drumakill, a Juftice of the Peace, were by him committed to the Caftle of Dumbarton. Detachments of the Edinburgh Regiment were fent out fome Days ago along the South Side of the Firth, in order to intercept Rebels ; and Yefterday at the Queen's Ferry they feized one Robert Murray, a Writer in Edinburgh, a Life-Guard Man in the late Rebel Army, and fent him hither. Laft Night one James-Hay, a Scotchman, who calls himfelf a Captain and Paymafter of Lord John Drummond's Regiment, furrender'd himfelf to the Lord Juftice Clerk* and was by his Lordfhip committed to our Caftle. This Man fays, that the French, via. Drummond's Regiment, the Irifh Picquets, and Fitz James's Horfe, at the Time of the late Battle, amounted to between 6 and 700 Men; that of the firft Fifty were killed in the Battle, and of the fe~ cond about One hundred. He further fays, that he parted from the Perron called Lord John Drummond at Ruthver* who took the Money belonging to the Regiment from him; and divided it amongft his Officers, defiling every one to fhift for himfelf, as he intended to do; that the Rebels had not received any Pay for fome Weeks before the Battle� that their Magazine of Provifions being very low* they were forced to try a Battle ; that the Night before they were extremely harrafTed by marching and countermarching, and before they could get any Refrefhment, they were fur-prifed by the Duke's quick March. General Campbell is marched towards Lochabar, in order to clear that Country of the Rebels, who are at prefent difperfed all over it* and beginning to rob and plunder. On Wednefday laft Glengyle, with about 1 zo Men. well armed, in their Retreat from Sutherland, paffed the Tay near Finlayrig on their Way home to Balwludder. . We have Advices here, that Lord Pitfligo, with many of the Foot that followed him, are lurking about the Coaft of Buchan, in hopes of finding an Opportunity to make their Efcape to France, They write from Bruffels,'that the French King left that City on the 9th in the Morning, and went out at the Lou, vain Gate ; and late that Evening all the Troops that were encamped, received Orders to march without carrying any B aggage with them. AD V ER-TISEMEN TS are alfo taken in for this Paper, at Lloyd's Coffee-House, in Lombard-Street.