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General Advertiser (Newspaper) - February 10, 1845, London, Middlesex The General Advertifer. M O. N. 1) A Y, February 10, 1745-6. REASONS againft laying any New Duty on' SUGAR, HE Point in Queftion has undergone \. a itricl: Examination in one Houfe of Parliament, and, after a moft folemn Debate, the Duty was drop: the laft Seflion but, one. The fatne Reafons that were then fq juftly alledged againlt it, founded on Fads ftill fubfifting, remain in ____ their full Force. And whoever will take the Trouble to compute the accumulated Charges brought on the Sugar Colonies fince the War began, will be convinced, that they are at this Time equally unable to bear any additional Duty. For it is apparent, that Sugar hath been lcfs profitable to the Planter for thefe laft two Years, than it has been at a Medium of 20 Years before the Commencement of the War, and then it yielded but a fmall Recompence for the Planter's Labour. This laft was fo acknowledged a Truth, and fo well-known to the Legiflature, that feveral A&s of Parliament paffed within thtt Period of Time for the Relief of the Sugar-Colonies. , The accumulated Charges upon Sugar, occafxoned by the prefent War, will belt appear by ftating the Fact'. 1. The Rate of Jnfurance Homewards, which ufed to , be at two Pounds ten Shillings per Cent, in Time of Peace. , from- Barbadoes and the Leeward-Iflands, is now at twen- ,1 ty-fix Pounds five Shillings per Cent, without Convoy, and fifteen Pounds fifteen Shillings per Cent. with.Convoy. From Jamaica, Infuranc* ufed to be at four per Cent, it is now at twenty-fix Pounds five Shillings per Cent, without. Convoy, and twenty Guinea* per Cent, with Convoy. 2. Freight Homewards, which ufed before the War to be from^hree Shilling^ to four Shillings for every hundred Weight of Sugar from Barbadoes and the Leeward-Iflands, ' lias been fince the War from feven Shillings and fix-pence to ten Shillings per Hundred; and from Jamaica, from ten ' td tw�it)r"Poun�� per Ton. \ 3i Freight and Infurance of Ships Outward-bound to * the Sugar Colonies are increafed in full as great a Proportion. ' , 4. The Price of Negroes is rifen fince the War full; fifty per Cent, nor is there a fufHcient Supply to be had at that Rate. Ci All the Neceflaries of Life, Lumber, and all Materials for carrying on a Sugar-Maatation, together with 'the Taxes paid td the feveral Governments abroad for * their extraordinary Defence and Security, befides a moll 'fevere perfonal Service, and the Labour of the Negroes at the Fortifications, are all of them greatly increafed, and moft of them in a double, and fome in a treble Proportion. ' ' - ' . 6. Befides the Fa�ls before enumerated, there is another confiderable one behind :, Several Planters have made large Infurances on the Whole, or the greateft Part of'their j Poffeffions abroad at a very high Premium. ; . 7. And in the laft Place, the additional Duty on Home-. made Spirits, which funk the Price of Molaffes from Thirteen Shillings and Six-pence to Nine Shillings and Sixpence per Hundred-Weight, is another particular that ought not to be omitted, in order to clofe the Account of the heavy, and almoft infupportable Burthens'brought on, the-Sugar-Colonies by the War: But if -any new-Burthen fhouid be laid upon them., their Ruin and Deftruttion muft: unavoidably be the Corifequence. For it may be averr'd, with the greateft Truth, that the Planted m general are not ricji, as fome Perfons fuppoftv but that three Parts in four of them are largely indebted to the Merchants of Great-Britain. * Therefore no Argument can J>e .drawn in Favour of an additional Duty from the prefent Price of fcugar, more ef-ptcially when Search is made into the Caufes to which it is wving. They are thefe: ] >ft, The Failure of the Crops in the Sugar-Ifland% for the laft* two YeafsV'loy'Hurricanes, the Blair, dry Weather, and other Accidents. And �dly, The great Nuiuber of Sugar-Ships lately taken . by the French in the Mouth of the Channel. It would therefore be a very extraordinary Way of Rea-foning to urge the Confequences neceffariiy attending the Diftrefs�of our Sugajr-Golonies, as a Foundation for laying further Diftreffes upon them. If the Circumftances juft mentioned, together with the; Succefs of Admiral Townfend, and a Demand for Exjaor-^ tation to Hambourgh and Holland had not concurred to quicken our Vent, let the Appeal be made to cveYy Mer-' chant in Great-Britain, whether Sugars would have yielded a Price fufHcient to have paid the prefent Duties and Charges abiding the Making and Importation of them to Grcat'Britain. Another Point ftrqngly infilled on is, that all Taxes fall upon the Confumer. Every Dealer in the Kingdom knows that this Suppofi-tion is founded on a Miftake. It is fo in the prefent Cafe. For the Sugar Merchant has been never able to force a a Frice upon the Buyer for- a Courfe of Time within the Remembrance of any one Perfon now concerned in the Trade. 1. Becaufe the Price of Sugar is governed by the Plenty or. Scarcity at Market. - 2. Becaufe the Importation of that Commodity, taken one Year with another, hath been greater than the Home Confumption, This is fo true in Fa.&, that when the Sugar Colonies did not make half the Sugar they now do, there was ftill -a Surplus remaining, and no Complaint of a Scarcity. Thus the Uie of Sugar has been growing with the In-creafe of the Colonies, and will moft certainly decline when " that Commodity lies under >Difcouragements by high Duties, or from any> other Caufe. For Sugar is not ofabfolute Neceffity for Life, but the; Bulk of the People may, and do in a great meaiure lay it \ afide, when Reofons of Frugality require it. The advanced Price for the two laft Years has had this �' Effect,- the Confumption of late being greatly diminilhed; f fo that whatever enhances the Price, ferves, at the fame ' time, to abate the Confumption; and when the Confump-  tion abates, there will be a greater Surplus at Market. Therefore, if it were in-the Power of the Sugar-Seller ^ to throw the Weight of an additional Duty, as the Main-* tainets of this Opinion fuppofe, upon the Confumer for a time, the Planter muft bear the Burthen of it in the End. I If an additional-Duty on Sugar be confidered in another Light, and as a Security for the Loan of Money, it wills be found not to  anfwer.-For, f It has been already obferved that laft Year our very Pofcj feffions'in the^ Weft InJietv/at infijred, jjnd Infurance at* one time could not be done on fome of them for 6 Months; only under 10 per Cent, and at another Time the Infurers? would not underwrite fuch Policys at any Rate' What has been may be agaitl. .,..... * Therefore additional Duties, arifing from the Producer 6f Places, fo precarioufly held as our Sugar Iflands are, and? laid upon a Trade already taxed in various and innumerable' Shapes, beyond what it is able to bear, when brought to*: Market, muft be Aipported by fome other Security, out of which the Deficiency muft ultimately be made good: ' And in Faft, the double Duty on the MolafTes Spirits, laid in as a Fund in Part for railing three.Millions of Money towards carrying On the Expences of the prefent War, does not yield fo much "as the fingle Duty did before j and, tho' a real Hardfhip on the Sugar-Colonies, Refiners, and Dillillers, has not proved of'any Ufe to the Government. Nor cm the Exigency, of Affairs juftify the-laying an additional Tax, which muft deftroy that Trade from which it arifes, and with it not only the .additional Tax it-felf, but all the other Taxes formerly laid upon it. This would be'running too great a Rifque, and paying too dear for the Shadow of a Security only ; and inlteadof anfwering, would ferve only to encreafe the Neceffities of the Government by tiie Deflru&ion of Trade. Upon the whole, the laying an. additional Duty on Sugars will be in efFe&fyielding to the French not only all the Advantages, which by- the Superiorhy of our Naval Force, we have lately gained over their Sugar Colonies^ but will be alfo railing tHem up higher for the time to come, on the Ruin of our own. On the contrary, it is the conftant Policy of France^ inftead of loading, to eafe their Sugar Colonies as much as poffible, and in fome Cafes,-even beyond the Mother Country itfelf: For, it is very remarkable, that tho? they have in the Compafs of the pref-nt Century put in practice every Meafure, juft or unjuft," that. Arbitrary Power could foggeft, to drain the Puries of their People in Europe, yet upon Sugars they have laid no new Duty fince the Year 1698. * The amazing Progrefs and Increafe of their Colonies beyond ours fince the Peace of TJhecht, is without doubt to be afciibed chiefly, if not folely', to this Caufe. - In the laft place, Experience has taught us this melancholy Truth, that the French Sugar Colonies and ours can never flourifh at the fame tune ; for whatever deprefles the one, tends immediately to the Advancement and the Prof-perity of the other.  Vide tbt Arrets �f Itui, ihi XlVlb. es Deal, February 8, , SAIL'D Yetlerday after Poft his Majefty's Ship Mai� Gaily, to the Northward. Arrived from a Cruii the Eagle Privateer, who has brought in a French Fifhin8 Boat } alfo the Cholmondley, and Lifle; and remain with tha Prineefs Louifa, Admiral Payne; Defiance, Ruby,- and Norwich, with a Dutch Man of War. Wind S.W.byS-. The Friendfhip, Batterihall, from Newfoundland, h arrived at Barbadoes. LONDON. From the London Gazette. Berlin, Feb 8. N.S. His Prufiian Majefty continues here in good Health. M. Klinggraff fet out on Sunday laft for Drefden, where he is to refide for the Future. After the King of Pruffia's Departure for Potfaam,-whKh is fixed for the 15 th Inftant, the Winter Diveriions are to end. Copenhagen, Feb. 5. N.S. The King of Denmark, who has relied very little for feveral Nights of late, was more out of Order Yeflerday, than he has been at any Time yetj and for that Reafon the Council was omitted. But hjft Night his Majefty flept pretty well, and finds himfelf To-Day much better. Wllemftadt, Feb. 8, iV. S. Upon the* 3d Inftant the Heffian Huflars were embarked. On the 4th, the Regiment of Grenadiers, J 5th, Prince Maximilian's Regiment, > and their Horf< 6th, Lieutenant General Manfbach's,} 6th, Six Companies of the Guards: In the Night of the fixth it blew fo hard, and the Tide was fo high, that the Platform on the Head was wafhed away, and all Yeflerday Morning was fpeht ja Repairing it it. It being fo late before we began .to embark again, only fix Companies could be got on board with the Horfes of General Wolfe's Regiment, and twenty-five belonging to the Artillery. If the Weather had continued moderate, this Day would have compleated tjio Regiment of Guards, and we fhouid have embarked Donop's Regiment; but in the Night the Wind fprung up at Eaft, and blew exceffively hard with heavy Snqw, which continues, fo that all Hands ftill. If a Froft fhouid fucceed, the Snow will occafion fo much Ice, that it will greatly difconcert tl e Embarkation, and the Troops already embarked, be Jobliged to put to Sea. The Men of War, Yatchs and Traniports. were feen off the Hentjer a few^)ays ago, and all except the Yatchs were obliged to fo off the Coaft again. They are now got in near Brewer's laven, to the Wettward of Goree. Wtllemftadt* Feb. io. Captain Barker, on board Jiis Britannick Majefty's Ship the Gibraltar Man of War, and two others, arrived at Helvoet Yeflerday, with 23" Trajnf-ports from England. Prince Frederick of HefTe, and jhe Earl of Crauturd, are arrived here from Antwerp, in order to embark with the Heflians Troops, which are commanded by his Highnefs. , . Wilkmfladt, Feb. 15. The Fleet fail'd Yeflerday .Afternoon about Three o'Glock, and it is hoped will be near their deftin'd Port by To-morrow Night or Thurfday Morning. The remaining Tranfports are all gone from before tnis Town to fave themfelves from the Ice/ fo that the Embarkation of the Britifh Cavalry is retarded. Antwerp, Feb. 10. We have Advices here, that Fitz-james's Regiment of Irifh Cavalry, with their Horfe Furniture, and. two Regiments, of. Irifh Troops, Were embarked at Oftend in fix- large Tranfports for Scotland. Hague, Feb. 15, N.S. By an intercepted Letter from a French Engineer, employed before BruffeJs, to the commanding Officer of that Nation at Louvain, dated th� 12th Inftant, it appears, that the Trenches were opened on the 9th Inftant. That on the 12th there were but Six Mortars, and Four Pieces pf Cannon in Battery, That the Garrifon kept an ineeffant Fire, havim* kilted in that Space 180 Men' of the Enemy; and had made feveral frnall Sallies, which had retarded their Approaches. Jhe, faid Engineer adds, that from the Countenance and .Behaviour of the Garrifon, and the bad Management of hia own People, Bruffely was like to give them much more Trouble than they - had imagined; and he did not eXpecT; to carry the Place under Ten Days more. Letters from Mechlin of Yefterday fay, that the French had then,got up a fecond Battery of 14 Pieces, anji^ tfcat they had farmed but one Attack between the Gate of Louvain and Scharbeck. As foon as the Auflrians, who are faid to have pall the Maefe on the lOtji Inftant, join Prince Waldeck, he hopes to be in a Condition to give-the Befiegers fome Difturbance. ^ ADVERTISEMENTS are taken in for this Pap^r, at Lloyd's Coffee-House, in Lombard-Street. 1/ / �- ;