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  • Location: London, Middlesex
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View Sample Pages : General Advertiser, August 21, 1745

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General Advertiser (Newspaper) - August 21, 1845, London, Middlesex The General Advertifer. WEDNESDAY, August 21, 1745- Deal, Auguji 19. iEMAIN in the Downs his Maje-fty's Ships, Royal George, Duke, Prince George, and ./Etna Fire-fljip, with all the Outward-bound formerly mentioned. Arrived the Urfula, an Arm'd Ship, from the Northward ; the Mary, Pearce ; Endeavour, Turs; Betty, Smith; Owner's Goodwill, Pike ; and the Merry-Jack, Grainger, from Hamburgh, fur Exon ; and Endeavour, Bilby, from Riga, for Plymouth. Sail'd the Glafgow Man of War to the Wetlward ; and the Mary Gaily, with the Cole heller In-tiiaman, to the River. Wind South. The Chriilian, Sherlock, from Liverpool and Cork, is arrived at St. Kuis. l| O N DON. Ihe f-dhiving is a Ti anjiatioii of a Piece, in Anfwer to what is faid in a Pamphlet fublijtfd at b'rtflau, relating to fame ExcrJJes committed in Silefia ; 1 ffX^ HER.F. was lately publifhed at Breflau, a true Ac-\]*U I count (as it was caiPd) of the Exceffes committed bv the Aullnan Troops in Silelia, wherein the Body of the Saxon Axui'iaries were a!fo mentioned, which Account was repeated in the News-Papers from Berlin and Halle. Pho'the judicious World may fee how little Strefs there ought 10 be laid on fuch flight Reports, divulg'd for particular Views, partly to confound the Public, and partly to ilir up the Minds of thofe who feel the Wcght of the War againft their Will, to Ammofity and Hatred towards the Saxons ; yet a Lover of 1 ruth has thought it not improper to communicate the following unbiaffed Obfervations to the Public. The Publisher of the faid Account begins with relating the Victory obtained by the Pruffians on the 4th of June, between Hohen-Pricdberg and btritgau over the Auftrian and Auxiliary Troops, with (0 many Exaggerations, as if bv that Advantage, the whole Combined Army had been ruined, and rendered inc.pable to refitt the Pruffian Army. ' Tis certain'y true ard generally known, that the Combined Army, after that Lof% (by the Pruffians given out to be fo very great) fuffered no further friconvcniency, than to retire through the Mountains, before which they were polled immediately, and refted by Jaromitz for fome Days,oc-cupied the firft convenient Plain, where they patiently waited for the Pruffim Army which followed them at their Heels, and in whofe Sight they have ftay'd there almolt for fix Weeks very quiet. If impartial People confider thefe Circumltances, they mud ncceffardy doubt whether the Victory was fo very great, and the Lofs on the other Side fo confiderable, as their Writer- have hitherto pretended. With what Truth can fuch Relations be depended upon, which in the Number of the Lofs of the Pnilnan ' roops vary fo often, the fame at firll being made ccfiderable, and aftervvards diminifhed sgrn ; vet upm the whole, it plainly appears, that the Field of B-:ttiewas full of dead and wounded Pruffians, and in part.. ;lar that the Ditch, which was at their Right Wing, and pretty broad and deep, was filled up with them to the Top; that to this Day fevera! thcufand wounded are fraud at Schweidnitz and other places adjacent; that fome Regiments, and in particular thole of Bodenbroek, Haake, ?.nd the Prince of Beveren had been fo roughly handled, that to avert a total Deftruction, they were /orced to be iepanted from the Army and lent back into the Country ; ;j;J that all the Regiments which ftay'd behind in the Pruf-I'.ai Dominions were prodhgioufly draughted for a Reinforce-r.-.ent, Numbers of them coming from every Place ; nay t:".ev had even Recruits from Sweden. This taken altogether, will make the Truth appear, and prove that a certain Officer, in a Letter which is f-llen into the Hands of the Combined Army, has not judged unrea-ihv.bly in faying: Thar, by a ftrict Computation, the Advantage of the Victory would perhaps txtend itfelf no farther than the taking of fome Colours and Cannon, which Booty was perhaps tfot to be afcribed fo much to the bravery of the Troops, as to their Advantage in Situation. As to the Exceffes mentioned with fo much Exaggeration, the Combined Army knows itfelf cleap-ef^ them before God and Man. Their Chiefs have no Occairon to defend them-felves againft fuch impudent Afperiions, as are contain'd in the abovementioned Account; for the honeft World know very well how to diftinguifh fuch as delerve the Praife of Religion, Piety, Honelty and Virtue; tho' moft of what is faid there does not concern the Combined Army neither, bat only the Infurgents, and is perhaps in general nothing but the Invention of an idle Brain. Wherever there are Armies, Exceffes are generally committed. Human Prudence, and the Exercife of Difcipline, are not fufficient to prevent a Soldier's going too far, efpe-ciully when he fancies himfelf privileged to commit Hofti-lities by Way of Retaliation. Not to mention that in Armies, confuting of fo many Grange Nations, who did not fo much as underftand the Language of the Country, and confeqaently could not know how to deal'with the Inhabitants, and, notwithstanding all the Trouble beftowed on them, were not fully difciplin'd, fame Extravagancies were hardly to be avoided. Thofe Exceffes only are to be imputed to the Chiefif, which they did not endeavour to prevent, and which they fuffered without exemplary Punifhment. Neither of thefe can, with any Foundation of Trutn, be laid to the Charge of the Combined Army ; and the Inhabitants in Silefia themfelves muft teftify to the contrary. Before and at the Entrance into Silefia all Manner of In-folence, Plundering and Molefting the Country Inhabitants was prohibited on certain Pain of Death, and this was enjoined every Day. The Provoft-Marfhals of the Queen of Hungary arid the Auxiliaries were obliged to patrole Day and Night, and they both had the fame Orders, viz. To execute all fuch as �were apprehended committing any Exceffes, on the very Place without Diftinction of Perfons. The Suburbs of Landfhuthave been Eye-Witneffes that fome of the Saxon Soldiers, who undertook to take away fome Linhen, were immediately arretted, and a Court-Martial ordered directly to try them. The Village of Bolchenhayn will not deny the Execution of three Saxon Grenadiers, for their difobeying the faid Orders. Guards have been readily allow'd to protect the Churches and Chappels, and even the Bleaching-Places ; and the Camps were furrounded with double Pallifadoes, to go out of which, without fpecial Permiffion, and without being accompanied with a Serjeant, was a Capital Crime. Thofe who were ordered to go for Water, Wood, Straw or Forrage had Officers to attend them, who were anfwerable for all Exceffes. If any ftrange Goods were found they were returned immediately to the Owners, or, in cafe there was no Body who laid Claim to them, fuch Goods were delivered to the Magiftrate in the Te/vn-houfes or Halls, that the aggrieved Party might receive their own again. TheCertificates, which the feveral Magistrate's have given upon that Account, are in the Hands of t|e Regiments, and will always ferve as undeniable Teftimonjes ; and at the fame time fet forth the wilful Lhntruths of the Publifher of the foid Account. Nay, in fome Cafes, where the Offender couTd not be found out, the Generals either made Re-itituiion themfelves, or gave Orders for it to be done. What farther Regulation could be made in an Aimy to prevent Diforder, and how could Juftice be adminiilered better ? And yet it is poffible that there might be fome Exceffes committed, which never reach'd the Ears of the Generals ; there never having been any War fince the World began, in which fornething of the like fort has not happen'd. The Public may neverthelefs be * flured, that fuch vile Transactions as the Pubhfher of the faid Account mentions, have in no wife been committed by the Combined Army, and lead of all by the Saxon Auxiliaries In the firft Place it is not to be fuppofed fuch vaft Irregularities mould not have been publitkly known ; and Secondly, feveral Circumftances of their own relating, de-ftroy the Poffibility of what is in general alledged ; the whole Army can witnefs it, and even the Inhabitants themfelves mult fay, that no Saxon Hor.e ever touch'd the Village of Schomberg ; confequently what is pretended about it in the News Papers fron Berlin, Number 76, confills of an open Calumny and Untruth. But fuppofe all that is afferted had actually happened, which can never be prov'd, ftill they could hardly be brought in Comparifon with what has been committed by the rruiTian Army in this and the preceding Campaigns. What lamentable Marks of Robberies and Cruelties remain in innumerable Places in Bohemia f and efpecially in thofe where the Head Quarters of the Pruffians were kept ? The Eftate of Count de Wratifhu in Bohemia on tlie Frontiers of Saxony was quite pillaged in the Month of Auguft 1744, by the King of Prulha's Troops. In the fame manner the Eftate of Hotkowitz, belonging to the Dominicans at Prague was ferved, nothing being lefc there but a couple of Pigeons flying about. The CaiUes of Konnopitih and Nachod were bkewife deftroyed and ruined in fuch a manner, that even the Wainicotting and other Wood We>rks, which could be of no Service to any Body, were tore down wilfully, broke in Pieces, and burnt. How have they abufed the Stewards, and o.her Officers and S�rvants of Noblemen ? Have there not been exprefs Orders in the foregoing Campaign, to ruin all the Magazines without Diftincticn, and to leave nothing to the Husbandman but Life only F Is it not notorious, that befides immenfe Sums of Money gathered with the fharpeft military Execution, Cloy-iters, Cities, Towns and Villages have been pillaged, de-ftroy'd, and burnt ? After the Taking of Prague in the Month of October 1744, a Contribution was laid upon the Inhabitants of 1,162,000 Florins, under a Threat of the molt rigorous military Execution, exclufive of the gre^t Quantities of Provi(ion the City wat forced to give them. Notwithflanding all which the Seats of the following Noblemen, viz. f*aary, Cavriany, Choteki, Colloredy, E� zernini, Gallaffi Hrzany, Kinski, Kollowraty, Lizany, Lofi, Martinini, Pachty Salzy, Schwartzenberg, Sporck, Thun, and many others, were a few Days after plundered ; the Rooms, Roofs, Cellars, and other Places ftript of the rich Tapeftry, Marbles, Looking-Glaffes, Pictures, Plate, &c. whereby fome Millions Worth of Damage was occafioned; the Furniture pack'd up in Chefh, and carried off. Has it ever been heard of in a Chriftan Country to carry off the Inhabitants of both Sexes out of their own Cona-try, to drag Children away, and tear them out of the Churches from the very Altar by Force. What WickednefTes have been perpetrated by the Corps of Marwitz in the Upper Silefia, and on the Frontiers of Moravia? What Barbarity has a Party of Huflkrs committed by the Inftigation of their Leader, whofe Name was Schutze, in a fmall Village not far from Glatz, a Relation of which, with all the Circumftances, is extant in the publick News Papers of Vienna. If all the Relations and Accounts of the Exceffes committed by the Pruffian Troops, were made publick from the different Parts and Places, whole Sheets could be filled with naming of Perfons, Times, and Ciicumftances: And in cafe the Writers of the abovefaid Account fhould think fit to continue their invented untrue Regilter of Exceffes, it is refolv'd to lay before the Public, in a more ample Manner, thofe committed by the Pruffians. In the mean time it would be very unjuft to impute every Extravagancy to the Pruffian Generals, or to fuppofe^ from fome Irregularities, a Want of Order and Difcipline ia their Army. But alas! Thefe are tke unhappy Fruits of a War, which of itfelf is an angry Rod of Heaven; and it were therefore to be wifhed, that God would be pleafed to blefs 10 all with a laiting Peace. ExraR of a Letter front Amjitriam, Augnfi 24, N.S. ' All the Difcourfe of our Politicians turns on three ma* ' tetial Points, tiz. the Pretender's Expedition ; the Sieg� � of Offend ; and the Election of an Emperor. As to the ' firft Article, tho' People are generally perfuaded here, ' that the Pretender will not fucceed in his Projects, yet it  is apprehended, that if he fhould land in Scotland or elfe-� where, and be able to form any thing like a confidrraUe � Party, it would embarrafs Great-Britain, and do no 1 mall � Prejudice in feveral Refpects to the Common Canfe. ' With Regard to the Siege of Oiiend, we know tbac ' the Trenches are opened before that Place, and t,n the  one Hand we expect that the French will make the at-' moft Efforts to carry their Point, coft what it will ; and  on the other Hand, we don't doubt but tne Er.ghfh will ' do all that lies in their Power to defend it to the '�.u Lx-  trcmity, fince one Nation has as great an Inte-ril in ' taking the Town as the other in preferving it ; but a�  yet we can't forefee in whofe Favour Fortune wilt dt chre : ' Time mull decide it:-The Affair is unfrtunctch de-tided, and aw ha've infertcd this only to jhere of ' the greater! Importance. Our Advices on c